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Circulatory System Terms/Definitions
superior/inferior vena cava
right atrium
valves
right ventricle
allows for flow of blood into the right atrium, and contains…
collects blood with little oxygen and pumps it to the right v…
"one way streets" that allow blood to flow from chamber to ch…
pumps blood to pulmonary artery
superior/inferior vena cava
allows for flow of blood into the right atrium, and contains…
right atrium
collects blood with little oxygen and pumps it to the right v…
1) circulatory system terms and definitions
Blood
Cardiac
Cardiology
Circulatory system
The fluid that circulates through the heart and the blood ves…
Pertaining to the heart
The study of the heart
The system through which the nutrient fluids of the body circ…
Blood
The fluid that circulates through the heart and the blood ves…
Cardiac
Pertaining to the heart
15 terms
Circulatory System Parts & Definitions
Circulatory System
Blood Vessels
Arteries
Veins
Another word for the blood system
Tubes that carry your blood (include ARTERIES, VEINS, and CAP…
A type of blood vessel; carry blood AWAY from the heart
A type of blood vessel: carry blood BACK TO the heart
Circulatory System
Another word for the blood system
Blood Vessels
Tubes that carry your blood (include ARTERIES, VEINS, and CAP…
18 terms
Circulatory System Definitions
Pulmonary Circulation
Systemic Circulation
Arteries
Capillaries
Flow of blood from the heart to the lungs to pick up oxygen a…
Blood is sent from the heart to all other parts of our body a…
Blood vessels carrying blood AWAY from the heart
Tiny vessels that connect the arteries to the veins
Pulmonary Circulation
Flow of blood from the heart to the lungs to pick up oxygen a…
Systemic Circulation
Blood is sent from the heart to all other parts of our body a…
18 terms
Circulatory System Definitions
Blood Plasma
Platelets
Leukocytes
Erythrocytes
Yellow-coloured liquid and makes the blood cells held in susp…
A small disc-shaped cell that doesn't have a nucleus
A cell that moves around the body in the blood which fights a…
A cell that contains the pigment haemoglobin which gives off…
Blood Plasma
Yellow-coloured liquid and makes the blood cells held in susp…
Platelets
A small disc-shaped cell that doesn't have a nucleus
20 terms
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM DEFINITION
HEART
RIGHT ATRIUM
RIGHT VENTRICLE
LEFT ATRIUM
Pumps blood throughout the body; 4 chambers.
Receives blood from the body.
Pumps blood to the lungs.
Receives blood from the lungs.
HEART
Pumps blood throughout the body; 4 chambers.
RIGHT ATRIUM
Receives blood from the body.
11 terms
Circulatory System Terms
Heart
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
muscular organ which beats and pumps blood around the body
carry oxygenated blood away from the heart
carry blood back to the heart
smallest of all the blood vessels and their walls are only on…
Heart
muscular organ which beats and pumps blood around the body
Arteries
carry oxygenated blood away from the heart
Circulatory System II-definitions
The blood has 4 main parts
The main functions of the blood are
By the white blood cells
By the plasma
plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
the transport of oxygen by the red blood cells
response to the injury and infection
transport of digested food and waste products
The blood has 4 main parts
plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets
The main functions of the blood are
the transport of oxygen by the red blood cells
61 terms
Circulatory System Terms
aorta
arteriole
artery
arteriosclerosis
Largest artery in the body; it rises from the left ventricle
Carry blood from the arteries into capillaries
A vessel that carries blood away from the heart to organs thr…
Condition of hardening of arteries, A disease of the arterial…
aorta
Largest artery in the body; it rises from the left ventricle
arteriole
Carry blood from the arteries into capillaries
Circulatory and Respiratory system DEFINITIONS
White blood cells
Platelet
Plasma
Artery
They are the cells in the blood that fight against infections…
They are the cells in the blood that clot to prevent bleeding.
They are the cells in the blood which carry the oxygen and nu…
A type of blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood away fro…
White blood cells
They are the cells in the blood that fight against infections…
Platelet
They are the cells in the blood that clot to prevent bleeding.
Circulatory System Definitions
Veins
Arteries
Capillaries
Pulmonary
Carries deoxygenated blood back to the heart
Carries oxygenated blood from the heart
Site of material exchange (usually gasses)
Relating to lungs
Veins
Carries deoxygenated blood back to the heart
Arteries
Carries oxygenated blood from the heart
Circulatory system definitions
Phlebitis
Aneurism
Thrombus
Embolus
Inflamation of a vein
Localized dilation of the wall of a blood vessel
A blood clot that forms into a blood vessel
A travelling blood clot that travels through the vascular sys…
Phlebitis
Inflamation of a vein
Aneurism
Localized dilation of the wall of a blood vessel
36 terms
Circulatory System- (more terms added) use definition first, written only
stroke
atherosclerosis
septum
capillaries
when blood vessels fail to bring blood to the brain
buildup of fatty deposits inside arteries... causes heart attacks
wall of tissue that seperates the two sides of the heart
the vessels through which both oxygen and food diffuse (trans…
stroke
when blood vessels fail to bring blood to the brain
atherosclerosis
buildup of fatty deposits inside arteries... causes heart attacks
23 terms
Circulatory system definitions
Endocardium
Pericardium
Tricuspid valve
Erythrocytes
Smooth layer of cells that lines the inside of the heart
Outside sac that covers the heart
Between RAtrium and ventricle: prevents back flow of blood
Rbc-produce in bone marrow
Endocardium
Smooth layer of cells that lines the inside of the heart
Pericardium
Outside sac that covers the heart
Circulatory system definitions
Plasma
white blood cells
platelets
red blood cells
Watery part of the boyde that carries nutrients and oxygen to…
Helps protect the body from foreign invaders.
Helps clot the blood.
made in the bone marrow and carries oxygen to blood cells usi…
Plasma
Watery part of the boyde that carries nutrients and oxygen to…
white blood cells
Helps protect the body from foreign invaders.
40 terms
Circulatory System - Definitions
Pericardium
Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Double-layered sac covering the heart
Outer wall joined with pericardium
Cardiac muscles
Lines heart chambers and vessels
Pericardium
Double-layered sac covering the heart
Epicardium
Outer wall joined with pericardium
40 terms
Circulatory System Definitions
Aorta
Aortic Valve
Arteries
Artificial Cardiac Pacemaker
Largest artery in the body
Heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Battery-operated device that is placed in the chest and wired…
Aorta
Largest artery in the body
Aortic Valve
Heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
19 terms
Circulatory System Definitions
Plasma
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Platelets
Watery portion of the blood. Blood cells are suspended here.
Carry oxygen from the lungs to the body
Help fight off infections
Helps blood clot
Plasma
Watery portion of the blood. Blood cells are suspended here.
Red Blood Cells
Carry oxygen from the lungs to the body
76 terms
Circulatory System Terms
Cardi/o
Brady
Tachy
Angi/o
Heart
slow <50
fast >100
vessel
Cardi/o
Heart
Brady
slow <50
35 terms
The Circulatory System Definitions
Blood is confined to blood vessels
Closed circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
Blood flows in one direction only
Allows alteration in blood flow
Allows faster and controlled distribution of blood around the…
Blood is confined to blood vessels
Closed circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
Blood flows in one direction only
21 terms
Circulatory system (quick definitions)
Aneurysm
Arteries
Atria
Capillaries
weakness in veins
From heart to body
Upper heart chamber
very thin; diffusion
Aneurysm
weakness in veins
Arteries
From heart to body
7 terms
Circulatory System Retest Definitions
Capillaries
Arteries
Veins
Arteries
One cell thick, microscopic
Example: Aorta
Example: Superior/Inferior Vena Cava
Carry blood AWAY from the heart
Capillaries
One cell thick, microscopic
Arteries
Example: Aorta
15 terms
Circulatory/Respiratory System Definitions
Nasal passage
Trachea
Larynx
Pleural membrane
the openings behind the nose or also that it warms the air ha…
A large membranous tube reinforced by rings of cartilage, ext…
The hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs…
Are thin membranes surrounds the lungs and the other lines th…
Nasal passage
the openings behind the nose or also that it warms the air ha…
Trachea
A large membranous tube reinforced by rings of cartilage, ext…
Circulatory system- abbreviations and definitions
Arterial blood gases
Antigen
Blood
Differental
ABG
Ag
Bl
Diff
Arterial blood gases
ABG
Antigen
Ag
12 terms
Respiratory and Circulatory Systems Definitions
Pulmonary Diffusion
Inspiration
Expiration
Tidal Volume
The gaseous exchange that occurs in the lungs
Breath in- Diaphragm concentrically contracts (moves downward…
Breath out- Diaphragm eccentrically contracts and relaxes thi…
The amount of air breathed in and out with each breath (avera…
Pulmonary Diffusion
The gaseous exchange that occurs in the lungs
Inspiration
Breath in- Diaphragm concentrically contracts (moves downward…
16 terms
Circulatory system med term
Angi
Hepat
Brady
Vaso
Vessel
Liver
Slow
Vessel
Angi
Vessel
Hepat
Liver
Circulatory system Med terms
Anio
Aorto
Arterio
Athero
Blood or lymph vessels
Aorta
Artery
Plaque or fatty substance
Anio
Blood or lymph vessels
Aorto
Aorta
25 terms
Circulatory System Key Terms
Aortic valve
Arrhythmias
Arteries
Blood
Flap of cusp located between the left ventricle of the heart…
Irregular or abnormal rhythm, usually referring to the heart…
Blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Fluid that circulates through the vessels in the body to carr…
Aortic valve
Flap of cusp located between the left ventricle of the heart…
Arrhythmias
Irregular or abnormal rhythm, usually referring to the heart…
Circulatory System Definitions
Circulatory System
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Anemia
transports nutrients and wastes to and from all the body cells
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Lack of functioning red blood cells
Circulatory System
transports nutrients and wastes to and from all the body cells
Red Blood Cells
Erythrocytes
15 terms
Circulatory System Terms Review
AORTA
ARTERIES
CAPILLARIES
LEFT ATRIUM
Largest artery in the body that carries blood... from left ventr…
Blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood... away from the heart.
Smallest blood vessels where gas exchange... takes place.... Connec…
The chamber of the heart that receives... oxygenated blood from…
AORTA
Largest artery in the body that carries blood... from left ventr…
ARTERIES
Blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood... away from the heart.
Circulatory System terms Anatomy
the three actions that occur to stop b…
hemorrhage
Vascular spasm*what is released during…
the liver and spleen
1. blood vessel spasm ... 2. platelet plug formation... 3. blood co…
occurs when blood vessels bleed and produce a great loss of b…
when a blood vessel ruptures-->... -smooth muscle located in wal…
which organs are responsible for engulfing damaged red blood…
the three actions that occur to stop b…
1. blood vessel spasm ... 2. platelet plug formation... 3. blood co…
hemorrhage
occurs when blood vessels bleed and produce a great loss of b…
Circulatory System Terms
cardi/o
brady
tachy
angi/o
heart
slow
fast
vessel
cardi/o
heart
brady
slow
Science The Circulatory System Definitions
The function of the plasma
The function of the red blood cells
The function of white blood cells
The function of platelets
To transport substances and heat
To transport oxygen
To fight disease
To clot the blood
The function of the plasma
To transport substances and heat
The function of the red blood cells
To transport oxygen
Circulatory System Terms
Red Blood Cell
White Blood Cell
Platelets
Plasma
part of the blood that carries oxygen
part of the blood that fights infections
part of the blood that helps it clot
liquid part of the blood that holds dissolved materials
Red Blood Cell
part of the blood that carries oxygen
White Blood Cell
part of the blood that fights infections
Science Definitions- Circulatory System
atherosclerosis
heart
valve
stroke
an artery disease that is characterized by the deposition of…
hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the circulato…
a device for controlling the passage of fluid through a pipe…
an act of hitting or striking someone or something; blow
atherosclerosis
an artery disease that is characterized by the deposition of…
heart
hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the circulato…
science- circulatory system definitions
the function of plasma?
the function of red blood cells
the functions of white blood cells
the function of arteries
to transport chemicals and heat
to transport oxygen
to fight infections
to carry blood away from the heart
the function of plasma?
to transport chemicals and heat
the function of red blood cells
to transport oxygen
12 terms
Circulatory System Terms
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
Ventricle
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
smallest blood vessels; materials are exchanged between the b…
a chamber of the heart that receives blood from an atrium and…
Arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Veins
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
Circulatory System Terms
Plasma
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Platelets
Liquid part of blood
Blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells.
Blood cells that perform the function of destroying disease-c…
Cell fragments that play an important part in forming blood c…
Plasma
Liquid part of blood
Red Blood Cells
Blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells.
Circulatory System Key Terms
Blood Plasma
Platelets
Leucocytes
Erythrocytes
the extracellular fluid found in blood vessels
Cell fragments that play an important part in forming blood c…
White blood cells
Red blood cells
Blood Plasma
the extracellular fluid found in blood vessels
Platelets
Cell fragments that play an important part in forming blood c…
circulatory system terms
heart
artery
veins
Capillaries
the muscle that pumps the blood throughout the body
carries blood away from the heart and to the rest of the body
carries the blood from the rest of the body back to the heart.
the blood vessel that exchanges the oxygenated blood for the…
heart
the muscle that pumps the blood throughout the body
artery
carries blood away from the heart and to the rest of the body
21 terms
Circulatory system terms
endocardium
myocardium
pericardium
pericardial fluid
layer lines inside of heart
muscular, middle layer of heart
double layered membrane covers outside of heart
lubricating fluid that fills space between heart layer
endocardium
layer lines inside of heart
myocardium
muscular, middle layer of heart
11 terms
Circulatory System Terms
Plasma
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Platelets
the liquid part of our blood that carries food to our cells a…
round discs in our blood that carry oxygen to our body
the largest of our blood cells; kill germs
small part of our blood that helps make a clot when you are cut
Plasma
the liquid part of our blood that carries food to our cells a…
Red Blood Cells
round discs in our blood that carry oxygen to our body
20 terms
Terms from Circulatory System
circulatory system
artery
vein
capillary
(aka cardiovascular system) This system works as the transpor…
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
A blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart.
Extremely small tapering vessel that transports blood. Thin e…
circulatory system
(aka cardiovascular system) This system works as the transpor…
artery
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Circulatory System Terms
Aortic valve
Arrhythmia
Arteries
Blood
Flap or cusp located between the left ventricle of the heart…
Irregular or abnormal regularities of the heartbeats
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Fluid that circulates through vessels in the body to carry su…
Aortic valve
Flap or cusp located between the left ventricle of the heart…
Arrhythmia
Irregular or abnormal regularities of the heartbeats
Circulatory System terms 2
thrombus
embolus
hemoglobin
erythrocyte
blood clot
anything foreign in the blood stream; can be fat, air, or blo…
part of the RBC (erythrocyte) that carries O2 and gives blood…
red blood cell (RBC) carries O2; has no nucleus
thrombus
blood clot
embolus
anything foreign in the blood stream; can be fat, air, or blo…
Circulatory System Key Terms
plasma
red blood cell
white blood cell
platelet
the liquid part of blood
the kind of cell that brings oxygen and takes away carbon dio…
the kind of cell that finds and destroys germs and viruses
the kind of cell that makes fibrin and clots the blood to sto…
plasma
the liquid part of blood
red blood cell
the kind of cell that brings oxygen and takes away carbon dio…
Definitions for Circulatory System and Digestive System
The process that breaks down food into…
Food is chewed and mixed.
Chemical reactions occur breaking down…
Type of protein that speeds up the rat…
Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Enzyme
The process that breaks down food into…
Digestion
Food is chewed and mixed.
Mechanical Digestion
41 terms
Circulatory System Terms
Alternate Name
Roles
Pulmonary Pathway
Systemic Pathway
Cardiovascular System
- deliver oxygen... - deliver nutrients... - removal of waste from…
heart, lungs, heart (as the gas station), then systemic pathway
heart, every tissue in body, pulmonary pathway
Alternate Name
Cardiovascular System
Roles
- deliver oxygen... - deliver nutrients... - removal of waste from…
12 terms
Circulatory System - Terms to Know
Heart
Blood Vessel
Artery
Vein
a four chambered organ that is made of cardiac muscle
tube like structure that transports the blood
blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart
blood vessel that takes blood back to the heart
Heart
a four chambered organ that is made of cardiac muscle
Blood Vessel
tube like structure that transports the blood
6 terms
Respiratory and Circulatory System Terms
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Bronchi
Part of the throat
Voice box
Windpipe
Large air passageway
Pharynx
Part of the throat
Larynx
Voice box
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