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Study sets matching "terms biology 1"

27 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 1 Terms
biology
organism
organization
reproduction
The study of life
Anything that possesses all the characteristics of life.
Orderly structure
The production of offspring.
biology
The study of life
organism
Anything that possesses all the characteristics of life.
22 terms
Biology - basic terms 1
organic compounds
carbohydrates
proteins
lipids
compounds containing carbon and hydrogen; may also contain ox…
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
Organic compounds that are constructed from one or more chain…
A diverse group of water-insoluble molecules, composed of a c…
organic compounds
compounds containing carbon and hydrogen; may also contain ox…
carbohydrates
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
17 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chemistry in Biology 6.1 terms
Atom
Compound
Covalent bond
Electron
Building block of matter; contains neutrons, protons, and ele…
Pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
Type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons.
Negatively charged particle that orbits an atom's nucleus.
Atom
Building block of matter; contains neutrons, protons, and ele…
Compound
Pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
28 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8 Terms
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypertonic solution
hypotonic solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
When the concentration of dissolved substances in the solutio…
The concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
The concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
isotonic solution
When the concentration of dissolved substances in the solutio…
22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
18 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 3 Terms
limiting factor
tolerance
succession
primary succession
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
The ability of an organism to withstand fluctuations in bioti…
Orderly, natural changes and species replacements that take p…
The colonization of barren land by communities of organisms.
limiting factor
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
tolerance
The ability of an organism to withstand fluctuations in bioti…
20 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 2 Terms
ecology
biosphere
abiotic factors
biotic factors
Study of interactions that take place between organisms and t…
Portion of earth that supports life.
Nonliving parts of an organisms environment.
Living parts of an organisms environment.
ecology
Study of interactions that take place between organisms and t…
biosphere
Portion of earth that supports life.
140 terms
Biology Terms 1 Santillan
hypothesis
inference
independent variable
theory
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
A condition or factor that the scientist changes or manipulat…
A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of expla…
hypothesis
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
20 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 12 Terms
pedigree
carrier
fetus
cystic fibrosis
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
A genetic disorder that occurs in people with two copies of a…
pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary Term 1
Matter
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic unit of matter... Smallest unit of an element
protons, neutrons, electrons
Positively charged particle
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Basic unit of matter... Smallest unit of an element
43 terms
Terms for Biology Test # 1
Acid
Anabolism
Anion
Atomic Mass
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Constructive metabolism; the synthesis in living organisms of…
An atom that has gained one or more electrons, negatively cha…
The total mass of an atom, numerically equivalent to the mass…
Acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Anabolism
Constructive metabolism; the synthesis in living organisms of…
10 terms
Biology Terms Set #1
Aerobic respiration
Applied science
Chloroplasts
Cell theory
Growing and metabolizing only in the presence of molecular ox…
The practical use of scientific information to improve human…
A plastid containing chlorophyll; the site of photosynthesis
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
Aerobic respiration
Growing and metabolizing only in the presence of molecular ox…
Applied science
The practical use of scientific information to improve human…
62 terms
Biology Quarter 1 terms
Biology
Cell
Organisms
Reproduction
The study of life.
the basic structure and function of a living organism.
Reproduce and develop.
When organisms pass off their genetic information to the next…
Biology
The study of life.
Cell
the basic structure and function of a living organism.
20 terms
Biology Unit 1 Terms
Theory
Data
Hypothesis
Species
An explanation for a wide variety of observations
observations and measurements made during an experiment
It is an educated GUESS for an experiment
group of organisms similar to one another that they can breed…
Theory
An explanation for a wide variety of observations
Data
observations and measurements made during an experiment
74 terms
Biology - Term 1
Living
Nonliving
Dead
Blind Gut
Living is the state of being alive wether it be animals, plan…
Nonliving is the condition of never being alive. They are not…
Dead is the condition that objects enter when they are no lon…
A blind gut is a digestive cavity that only has one opening.…
Living
Living is the state of being alive wether it be animals, plan…
Nonliving
Nonliving is the condition of never being alive. They are not…
22 terms
Biology terms (List 1)
Biología
Biólogo
Célula
Ósmosis
Biology
Biologist
Cell
Osmosis
Biología
Biology
Biólogo
Biologist
16 terms
Biology Terms Ch1
Scientific question
Biology
Scientific Method
experimental design
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
The study of living organisms and how they function.
A method of procedure that has characterized natural science…
Experimental design refers to how participants are allocated…
Scientific question
Questions that can be answered by using experiments and factu…
Biology
The study of living organisms and how they function.
27 terms
Biology 1 organelles and terms
organism
organelle
nucleus
cell membrane
any living thing
the tiny structures inside the cell that does the work
the control center of the cell that houses genetic informatio…
is composed of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates
organism
any living thing
organelle
the tiny structures inside the cell that does the work
12 terms
Biology Terms 1
Hypothesis
Scientific theory
Deduction
Inference
An idea created with background knowledge and then researched…
A well supported explanation for something in science based o…
Using logic/reason to form a conclusion or opinion
Conclusion reached on the basis of evidence
Hypothesis
An idea created with background knowledge and then researched…
Scientific theory
A well supported explanation for something in science based o…
148 terms
Biology Terms 1 Mad
hypothesis
inference
independent variable
theory
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
A condition or factor that the scientist changes or manipulat…
A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of expla…
hypothesis
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
52 terms
Q 1 : Biology Term
Science
Observing
Quantitative
Qualitative
way of learning about the natural world
means using one or more of your senses to gather information
deal with a number, or amount
deal with descriptions that cannot be expressed in numbers
Science
way of learning about the natural world
Observing
means using one or more of your senses to gather information
42 terms
Biology Term 1
Hydrophobic
Hydrophillic
Amphipathic
Draw Alpha-D-Glucose
Hydrophobic molecules are non polar. Hydrophbic molecules usu…
Molecules forming ionic or hydrogen bonds with water molecule…
An amphipathic molecule has part hydrophillic and part hydrop…
C6 H12 O6
Hydrophobic
Hydrophobic molecules are non polar. Hydrophbic molecules usu…
Hydrophillic
Molecules forming ionic or hydrogen bonds with water molecule…
Biology terms #1
cell
organelles
4 biomolecules
lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, nucle…
smallest living thing
many small parts that make up a cell
lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acid
used to help the cell maintain homeostasis
cell
smallest living thing
organelles
many small parts that make up a cell
30 terms
Biology Terms 1
chromosomes
chromatin
nucleolous
Nuclear Envelope
highly condensed, threadlike rods of DNA
consists of the DNA and protein that make up chromosomes
contained within the nucleus consists of protein; small, roun…
encloses the structure of the nucleus
chromosomes
highly condensed, threadlike rods of DNA
chromatin
consists of the DNA and protein that make up chromosomes
116 terms
Biology Term 1
Endosymbiotic Theory
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Ribosome
Infolding of plasma membrane form internal membrane (nuclei,…
What cell has no nucleus
What cell contains a nucleus
Sphere-shaped structure found in cytoplasm of both cells. Fre…
Endosymbiotic Theory
Infolding of plasma membrane form internal membrane (nuclei,…
Prokaryotic Cell
What cell has no nucleus
25 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 7 Terms
compound light microscope
electron microscope
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
Uses a series of lenses to magnify objects in steps.
Uses a beam of electrons instead of light to magnify structur…
Cells that do not have membrane bound organelles.
Cells that have membrane bound organelles.
compound light microscope
Uses a series of lenses to magnify objects in steps.
electron microscope
Uses a beam of electrons instead of light to magnify structur…
10 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 4 Terms
exponential growth
carrying capacity
life-history pattern
density dependent factors
As a population gets larger, it also grows at a faster rate.
The number of organisms of one species that an environment ca…
An organisms reproductive pattern.
Factors such as disease, competition, predators, parasites, a…
exponential growth
As a population gets larger, it also grows at a faster rate.
carrying capacity
The number of organisms of one species that an environment ca…
14 terms
Biology Terms #1
ATP Synthesis
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Aerobic Respiration
the process of making ATP from ADP by adding phosphate, thus…
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from areas o…
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from areas o…
cellular respiration that occurs in the presence of oxygen
ATP Synthesis
the process of making ATP from ADP by adding phosphate, thus…
Active Transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from areas o…
35 terms
biology term 1
electrons
isotopes
compounds
covalent bonds
move about in the nucleus of the cell in orbits or shells
atoms of the same element that have different number of neutr…
atoms of two or more elements that are joined by chemical bonds
when two atoms share electrons( strongest bond )... - bond to be…
electrons
move about in the nucleus of the cell in orbits or shells
isotopes
atoms of the same element that have different number of neutr…
35 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 10 Terms
heredity
traits
genetics
gametes
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring.
Characteristics that are inherited.
The branch of biology that studies heredity.
Sex cells
heredity
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring.
traits
Characteristics that are inherited.
15 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 5 Terms
biodiversity
extinction
endangered species
threatened species
Variety of species in a specific area.
The disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
When the numbers are so low that extinction is possible.
When the population of a species is likely to become endanger…
biodiversity
Variety of species in a specific area.
extinction
The disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
84 terms
Biology Term 1
hypothesis
observation
inference
controlled variable
a theory which is adopted as the starting point for a study
the act of noticing something and noting it down for scientif…
suggestion; implication; conclusion
the element that does not change throughout an experiment
hypothesis
a theory which is adopted as the starting point for a study
observation
the act of noticing something and noting it down for scientif…
12 terms
Biology Terms 2.1
Atom
Element
Compound
Proton
Smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
A subatomic particle with a positive electric charge
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Element
Substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
110 terms
Biology 1 Mid-Term
quantitative research
experimental group
stimulus
development
Counts of measurements are examples of data produced by _____…
In an experiment, the __________ __________ is used to test t…
Any condition in the environment that requires an organism to…
All the changes that take place during the life of an organis…
quantitative research
Counts of measurements are examples of data produced by _____…
experimental group
In an experiment, the __________ __________ is used to test t…
96 terms
Biology 1 mid term
List the 7 characteristics of life
Write the steps of the scientific method
Control group
Dependent group
-made of one or more cells ... -displays organization... -grows and…
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
(in an experiment or clinical trial) a group of subjects clos…
1. Determined, influenced, or controlled by something else.
List the 7 characteristics of life
-made of one or more cells ... -displays organization... -grows and…
Write the steps of the scientific method
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
9 terms
9-1 BIOLOGY TERMS
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperatures of 1 gr…
A process in which it releases a small
The process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
An electron carrier that takes in a pair of high energy elect…
Calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperatures of 1 gr…
Glycolysis
A process in which it releases a small
61 terms
Biology 1 Mid-term
(Possible ANSWERS)... 1) made of one or m…
Independent variables are variables th…
It's used as a standard for comparison.
STEP 1 - PROBLEM (what you're testing)…
(UNIT 1)... Name four of the seven characteristics of life.
(UNIT 1)... What is the difference between independent and depen…
(UNIT 1)... What is the control group/variable used as?
(UNIT 1) ... Summarize the steps in the scientific method.
(Possible ANSWERS)... 1) made of one or m…
(UNIT 1)... Name four of the seven characteristics of life.
Independent variables are variables th…
(UNIT 1)... What is the difference between independent and depen…
9 terms
Biology 1
Biodiversity
Ecological Footprint
Sustainability
Keystone Species
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
A set of policies or practices by which societies can ensure…
A species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
Biodiversity
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
Ecological Footprint
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
13 terms
Biology 2.1 Terms.
Osmosis
Hypertonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Isotonic solution
The net movement of water from an area of high concentration…
A solution which contains a high concentration of solute and…
A solution which contains a low concentration of solute and a…
A solution where the concentration of solute and solvent are…
Osmosis
The net movement of water from an area of high concentration…
Hypertonic solution
A solution which contains a high concentration of solute and…
24 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 15 Terms
artificial selection
natural selection
mimicry
camouflage
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
Structural adaptation evolved in some species where one speci…
A structural adaptation that enables an organism to blend in…
artificial selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
Biology for term #1
archea
eukaryotes
genome
homeostasis
prokaryotic, live in extreme environments, all live without o…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
The complete instructions for making an organism, consisting…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
archea
prokaryotic, live in extreme environments, all live without o…
eukaryotes
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
57 terms
Biology - Cell Biology 1
cell
disease
infectious disease
malaria
Basic unit of life
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
This disease is commonly associated with poverty and is sprea…
cell
Basic unit of life
disease
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
121 terms
All Biology Terms for Term 1
What are the characteristics of living…
Two Examples of Asexual Reproduction
Budding
Fission
1. Made of Cells: unicellular or multicellular... 2. Ability to…
Budding and Fission
asexual reproduction; child breaks off of parent; same geneti…
asexual reproduction; parent splits into two children; clones
What are the characteristics of living…
1. Made of Cells: unicellular or multicellular... 2. Ability to…
Two Examples of Asexual Reproduction
Budding and Fission
17 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 9 Terms
adenosine triphosphate
adenosine diphosphate
photosynthesis
light-dependent reactions
AKA....ATP Molecule that stores energy in its chemical bonds.…
AKA....ADP Adenosine with two phosphates.
The process that uses the sun's energy to make simple sugars.…
Phase of photosynthesis that converts light energy into chemi…
adenosine triphosphate
AKA....ATP Molecule that stores energy in its chemical bonds.…
adenosine diphosphate
AKA....ADP Adenosine with two phosphates.
15 terms
Biology List 1 - General terms
bio
logy
troph
auto
life
study of
nutrition
self
bio
life
logy
study of
17 terms
Biology 1: Anatomical Terms
Anatomical Position
Anterior / Ventral
Posterior / Dorsal
Superior
Standing upright, Arms at sides, Palms forward, Feet together
Front of body
Back of body
Above, or towards the head
Anatomical Position
Standing upright, Arms at sides, Palms forward, Feet together
Anterior / Ventral
Front of body
111 terms
MCAS Biology 1 Terms
ATP
atom
compound
organelle
molecule that stores the useable energy created during cellul…
particle made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
the chemical combination of 2 or more elements in specific am…
a specialized cell structure that performs a specific job wit…
ATP
molecule that stores the useable energy created during cellul…
atom
particle made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
Biology Terms Ch.1
Electronegativity
Element
Atom
Nucleus
The measure of how much an atom attracts an electron
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
Smallest unit of an element that maintaines the properties of…
The central region of an atom that contains or is made up of…
Electronegativity
The measure of how much an atom attracts an electron
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
51 terms
Biology 1 Final Terms
Cell Membrane
Cell wall
Nucleoplasm
Ribosomes
Allows movement in cells
Protection for cell
Movement in nucleus
Site of protein synthesis
Cell Membrane
Allows movement in cells
Cell wall
Protection for cell
178 terms
Advanced Biology Term 1 Exam
science
observation
hypothesis
experiment
a way of knowing about the natural world; a process that uses…
record of something perceived with the senses; statement of f…
testable, reasonable, specific, can be proven wrong, can be m…
deliberate test of a hypothesis
science
a way of knowing about the natural world; a process that uses…
observation
record of something perceived with the senses; statement of f…
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