Study sets matching "terms biology 1"

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Study sets matching "terms biology 1"

27 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 1 Terms
biology
organism
organization
reproduction
The study of life
Anything that possesses all the characteristics of life.
Orderly structure
The production of offspring.
biology
The study of life
organism
Anything that possesses all the characteristics of life.
22 terms
Biology - basic terms 1
organic compounds
carbohydrates
proteins
lipids
compounds containing carbon and hydrogen; may also contain ox…
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
Organic compounds that are constructed from one or more chain…
A diverse group of water-insoluble molecules, composed of a c…
organic compounds
compounds containing carbon and hydrogen; may also contain ox…
carbohydrates
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
28 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8 Terms
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypertonic solution
hypotonic solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
When the concentration of dissolved substances in the solutio…
The concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
The concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
isotonic solution
When the concentration of dissolved substances in the solutio…
18 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 3 Terms
limiting factor
tolerance
succession
primary succession
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
The ability of an organism to withstand fluctuations in bioti…
Orderly, natural changes and species replacements that take p…
The colonization of barren land by communities of organisms.
limiting factor
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
tolerance
The ability of an organism to withstand fluctuations in bioti…
20 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 2 Terms
ecology
biosphere
abiotic factors
biotic factors
Study of interactions that take place between organisms and t…
Portion of earth that supports life.
Nonliving parts of an organisms environment.
Living parts of an organisms environment.
ecology
Study of interactions that take place between organisms and t…
biosphere
Portion of earth that supports life.
22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
Glencoe Biology - Chemistry in Biology 6.1 terms
Atom
Compound
Covalent bond
Electron
Building block of matter; contains neutrons, protons, and ele…
Pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
Type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons.
Negatively charged particle that orbits an atom's nucleus.
Atom
Building block of matter; contains neutrons, protons, and ele…
Compound
Pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
20 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 12 Terms
pedigree
carrier
fetus
cystic fibrosis
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
A genetic disorder that occurs in people with two copies of a…
pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
Biology Terms 1 Santillan
hypothesis
inference
independent variable
theory
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
A condition or factor that the scientist changes or manipulat…
A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of expla…
hypothesis
A tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to…
inference
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
43 terms
Terms for Biology Test # 1
Acid
Anabolism
Anion
Atomic Mass
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Constructive metabolism; the synthesis in living organisms of…
An atom that has gained one or more electrons, negatively cha…
The total mass of an atom, numerically equivalent to the mass…
Acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
Anabolism
Constructive metabolism; the synthesis in living organisms of…
100 terms
Semester 1 Biology Study Terms
abiotic
biotic
population
ecosystem
physical, or nonliving, factor that shapes an ecosystem
any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
all the organisms that live in a place, together with their n…
abiotic
physical, or nonliving, factor that shapes an ecosystem
biotic
any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
10 terms
Biology Terms Set #1
Aerobic respiration
Applied science
Chloroplasts
Cell theory
Growing and metabolizing only in the presence of molecular ox…
The practical use of scientific information to improve human…
A plastid containing chlorophyll; the site of photosynthesis
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
Aerobic respiration
Growing and metabolizing only in the presence of molecular ox…
Applied science
The practical use of scientific information to improve human…
Biology Quarter 1 terms
Biology
Cell
Organisms
Reproduction
The study of life.
the basic structure and function of a living organism.
Reproduce and develop.
When organisms pass off their genetic information to the next…
Biology
The study of life.
Cell
the basic structure and function of a living organism.
81 terms
Semester 1 Biology Terms
symbiosis
mutualism
parasitism
predator/prey
any close relationship between two or more organisms
a relationship in which both organisms benefit
a relationship in which one organism benefits, while the othe…
a relationship in which one organism benefits, while the othe…
symbiosis
any close relationship between two or more organisms
mutualism
a relationship in which both organisms benefit
74 terms
Biology - Term 1
Living
Nonliving
Dead
Blind Gut
Living is the state of being alive wether it be animals, plan…
Nonliving is the condition of never being alive. They are not…
Dead is the condition that objects enter when they are no lon…
A blind gut is a digestive cavity that only has one opening.…
Living
Living is the state of being alive wether it be animals, plan…
Nonliving
Nonliving is the condition of never being alive. They are not…
60 terms
Biology 1 Mid Term Review
Biology
Steps of the scientific method
independent variable
dependent variable
the study of the living world
1. state the problem... 2. gather info... 3. form hypothesis... 4. tes…
variable the scientist changes
variable that changes because of the independent variable
Biology
the study of the living world
Steps of the scientific method
1. state the problem... 2. gather info... 3. form hypothesis... 4. tes…
20 terms
Biology Unit 1 Terms
Theory
Data
Hypothesis
Species
An explanation for a wide variety of observations
observations and measurements made during an experiment
It is an educated GUESS for an experiment
group of organisms similar to one another that they can breed…
Theory
An explanation for a wide variety of observations
Data
observations and measurements made during an experiment
25 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 7 Terms
compound light microscope
electron microscope
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
Uses a series of lenses to magnify objects in steps.
Uses a beam of electrons instead of light to magnify structur…
Cells that do not have membrane bound organelles.
Cells that have membrane bound organelles.
compound light microscope
Uses a series of lenses to magnify objects in steps.
electron microscope
Uses a beam of electrons instead of light to magnify structur…
Biology Terms 1
Response
Reproduce
World around us
Ethnics
Living things adjust to a stimulus by a reaction called a(n)__.
All living things __ to make more living things.
The key to the study of biology is learning about the __.
The study of standards for what is right and what is wrong is…
Response
Living things adjust to a stimulus by a reaction called a(n)__.
Reproduce
All living things __ to make more living things.
10 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 4 Terms
exponential growth
carrying capacity
life-history pattern
density dependent factors
As a population gets larger, it also grows at a faster rate.
The number of organisms of one species that an environment ca…
An organisms reproductive pattern.
Factors such as disease, competition, predators, parasites, a…
exponential growth
As a population gets larger, it also grows at a faster rate.
carrying capacity
The number of organisms of one species that an environment ca…
35 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 10 Terms
heredity
traits
genetics
gametes
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring.
Characteristics that are inherited.
The branch of biology that studies heredity.
Sex cells
heredity
The passing on of traits from parents to offspring.
traits
Characteristics that are inherited.
15 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 5 Terms
biodiversity
extinction
endangered species
threatened species
Variety of species in a specific area.
The disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
When the numbers are so low that extinction is possible.
When the population of a species is likely to become endanger…
biodiversity
Variety of species in a specific area.
extinction
The disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
Biology 1
Biodiversity
Ecological Footprint
Sustainability
Keystone Species
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
A set of policies or practices by which societies can ensure…
A species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
Biodiversity
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
Ecological Footprint
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
12 terms
Biology Terms 1
Hypothesis
Scientific theory
Deduction
Inference
An idea created with background knowledge and then researched…
A well supported explanation for something in science based o…
Using logic/reason to form a conclusion or opinion
Conclusion reached on the basis of evidence
Hypothesis
An idea created with background knowledge and then researched…
Scientific theory
A well supported explanation for something in science based o…
10 terms
Week 1 Biology Vocabulary Terms
Science
Hypothesis
Theory
Prokaryote
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations of natural…
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
Well-established and highly reliable explanation that has bee…
A unicellular (1 celled) organism that lacks a nucleus
Science
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations of natural…
Hypothesis
Tentative and testable statement that must be capable of bein…
24 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 15 Terms
artificial selection
natural selection
mimicry
camouflage
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
Structural adaptation evolved in some species where one speci…
A structural adaptation that enables an organism to blend in…
artificial selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
Biology Chapter 3.1 Terms
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to per- form a d…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
35 terms
biology term 1
electrons
isotopes
compounds
covalent bonds
move about in the nucleus of the cell in orbits or shells
atoms of the same element that have different number of neutr…
atoms of two or more elements that are joined by chemical bonds
when two atoms share electrons( strongest bond )... - bond to be…
electrons
move about in the nucleus of the cell in orbits or shells
isotopes
atoms of the same element that have different number of neutr…
Biology terms #1
cell
organelles
4 biomolecules
lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, nucle…
smallest living thing
many small parts that make up a cell
lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acid
used to help the cell maintain homeostasis
cell
smallest living thing
organelles
many small parts that make up a cell
14 terms
Biology Terms #1
ATP Synthesis
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Aerobic Respiration
the process of making ATP from ADP by adding phosphate, thus…
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from areas o…
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from areas o…
cellular respiration that occurs in the presence of oxygen
ATP Synthesis
the process of making ATP from ADP by adding phosphate, thus…
Active Transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from areas o…
17 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 9 Terms
adenosine triphosphate
adenosine diphosphate
photosynthesis
light-dependent reactions
AKA....ATP Molecule that stores energy in its chemical bonds.…
AKA....ADP Adenosine with two phosphates.
The process that uses the sun's energy to make simple sugars.…
Phase of photosynthesis that converts light energy into chemi…
adenosine triphosphate
AKA....ATP Molecule that stores energy in its chemical bonds.…
adenosine diphosphate
AKA....ADP Adenosine with two phosphates.
147 terms
Biology Term 1 Final
covalent bond
ionic bond
hydrogen bond
heat capacity
when the atoms share two electrons and they orbit around both…
a bond where one or more electrons are transferred from one a…
because of their partial positive and negative charges polar…
the amount of heat per unit molecule that can be contained
covalent bond
when the atoms share two electrons and they orbit around both…
ionic bond
a bond where one or more electrons are transferred from one a…
84 terms
Biology Term 1
hypothesis
observation
inference
controlled variable
a theory which is adopted as the starting point for a study
the act of noticing something and noting it down for scientif…
suggestion; implication; conclusion
the element that does not change throughout an experiment
hypothesis
a theory which is adopted as the starting point for a study
observation
the act of noticing something and noting it down for scientif…
Biology Term 1
Covalent Bond
Eletrons
Enzymes
Hydrogen
A type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons.
A negatively charged particle that occupies space around the…
Protein that speeds up a biological reaction by lowering the…
Hydrogen is a chemical element with chemical symbol H and ato…
Covalent Bond
A type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons.
Eletrons
A negatively charged particle that occupies space around the…
96 terms
Biology 1 mid term
List the 7 characteristics of life
Write the steps of the scientific method
Control group
Dependent group
-made of one or more cells ... -displays organization... -grows and…
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
(in an experiment or clinical trial) a group of subjects clos…
1. Determined, influenced, or controlled by something else.
List the 7 characteristics of life
-made of one or more cells ... -displays organization... -grows and…
Write the steps of the scientific method
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
Biology Terms 1
Cell
Unified Cell Theory
Prokaryote
Common components of all cells
- smallest unit of a living thing. A living thing is called a…
- all living things are composed of one or more cells... - that…
- simple, single-celled (unicellular) organism that lacks a n…
four common components: ... 1) a plasma membrane, an outer cover…
Cell
- smallest unit of a living thing. A living thing is called a…
Unified Cell Theory
- all living things are composed of one or more cells... - that…
12 terms
Biology Terms 2.1
Atom
Element
Compound
Proton
Smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
A subatomic particle with a positive electric charge
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Element
Substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
13 terms
Biology 2.1 Terms.
Osmosis
Hypertonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Isotonic solution
The net movement of water from an area of high concentration…
A solution which contains a high concentration of solute and…
A solution which contains a low concentration of solute and a…
A solution where the concentration of solute and solvent are…
Osmosis
The net movement of water from an area of high concentration…
Hypertonic solution
A solution which contains a high concentration of solute and…
14 terms
Biology Vocabulary Term 1
Matter
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Basic unit of matter... Smallest unit of an element
protons, neutrons, electrons
Positively charged particle
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Basic unit of matter... Smallest unit of an element
15 terms
Biology List 1 - General terms
bio
logy
troph
auto
life
study of
nutrition
self
bio
life
logy
study of
13 terms
Biology Terms 1 🎃
Glycolysis
Acetyl-CoA
Pyruvate
Glucose
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which mak…
An important molecule in the metabolism in many biochemical r…
Pyruvate is the end product of glycocysis, which is converted…
A simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
Glycolysis
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which mak…
Acetyl-CoA
An important molecule in the metabolism in many biochemical r…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 1 terms
biology
organism
growth
development
the study of life
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
process that results in mass being added to an organism.
change an organism undergoes in its lifetime before reaching…
biology
the study of life
organism
anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life
61 terms
Biology 1 Mid-term
(Possible ANSWERS)... 1) made of one or m…
Independent variables are variables th…
It's used as a standard for comparison.
STEP 1 - PROBLEM (what you're testing)…
(UNIT 1)... Name four of the seven characteristics of life.
(UNIT 1)... What is the difference between independent and depen…
(UNIT 1)... What is the control group/variable used as?
(UNIT 1) ... Summarize the steps in the scientific method.
(Possible ANSWERS)... 1) made of one or m…
(UNIT 1)... Name four of the seven characteristics of life.
Independent variables are variables th…
(UNIT 1)... What is the difference between independent and depen…
20 terms
Kingdoms Biology 1 Terms
Six Kingdom System
Archaebacteria
Eubacteria
Prokaryotic
Classification system that includes Animalia, Plantae, Fungi,…
Newest kingdom that includes organisms that look like bacteri…
Typical bacteria that were classified as Monera in the five k…
Describes single-celled organisms that do not have a true nuc…
Six Kingdom System
Classification system that includes Animalia, Plantae, Fungi,…
Archaebacteria
Newest kingdom that includes organisms that look like bacteri…
392 terms
Biology Semester 1 Terms
Biology
Cell
Tissue
Organ
The study of life (Bio-life; logos- study/ knowledge)
Basic unit of living matter
Many cells working together to perform a function
Consists of several tissues that together perform a specific…
Biology
The study of life (Bio-life; logos- study/ knowledge)
Cell
Basic unit of living matter
Advanced Biology Term 1 Exam
science
observation
hypothesis
experiment
a way of knowing about the natural world; a process that uses…
record of something perceived with the senses; statement of f…
testable, reasonable, specific, can be proven wrong, can be m…
deliberate test of a hypothesis
science
a way of knowing about the natural world; a process that uses…
observation
record of something perceived with the senses; statement of f…
22 terms
Biology terms 1.1
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
smallest unit of life
group of similar cells that perform a particular function
several tissues joined together
composed of several organs working together
cell
smallest unit of life
tissue
group of similar cells that perform a particular function
57 terms
Biology - Cell Biology 1
cell
disease
infectious disease
malaria
Basic unit of life
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
This disease is commonly associated with poverty and is sprea…
cell
Basic unit of life
disease
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
biology term 1 terms
habitat
niche
mutualism
commenselism
an area where an organism lives
role or position that an organism has in its enviroment
relationship between two or more organisms that live closely…
relationship to which one organism benefits and the other org…
habitat
an area where an organism lives
niche
role or position that an organism has in its enviroment
Biology 1: Anatomical Terms
Anatomical Position
Anterior / Ventral
Posterior / Dorsal
Superior
Standing upright, Arms at sides, Palms forward, Feet together
Front of body
Back of body
Above, or towards the head
Anatomical Position
Standing upright, Arms at sides, Palms forward, Feet together
Anterior / Ventral
Front of body
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