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Study sets matching "terms chapter 4 biology cells structure"

33 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
3 Main Principles of Cell Theory
Matthias Schleiden & Theodor Schwaan
Why are cells small in size?
Bright-field Microscope
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cells…
Fully recognized that plants and animals are composed of cells.
It's more efficient in rate of diffusion
compound light; most frequently used; called this because it…
3 Main Principles of Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cells…
Matthias Schleiden & Theodor Schwaan
Fully recognized that plants and animals are composed of cells.
67 terms
Biology chapter 4 cell structure and function terms
Cell theory
Cell
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Has three essential parts: 1-All living organsisms are compos…
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of life.
Covers a cells surface and acts as a barrier between the insi…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
Cell theory
Has three essential parts: 1-All living organsisms are compos…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of life.
33 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
3 Main Principles of Cell Theory
Matthias Schleiden & Theodor Schwaan
Why are cells small in size?
Bright-field Microscope
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cells…
Fully recognized that plants and animals are composed of cells.
It's more efficient in rate of diffusion
compound light; most frequently used; called this because it…
3 Main Principles of Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cells…
Matthias Schleiden & Theodor Schwaan
Fully recognized that plants and animals are composed of cells.
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
52 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
cell theory
cytoplasm
nucleus
organelle
theory that all organisms consist of one or more cells, which…
semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane
of a eukaryotic cell, organelle with a double membrane that h…
structure that carries out a specialized metabolic function i…
cell theory
theory that all organisms consist of one or more cells, which…
cytoplasm
semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane
52 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a…
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or memb…
Cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
Cell Theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
43 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure & Function of the Cell
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell theory
Nucleus
Membrane-bound structure that is the basic unit of life
The liquid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
The theory that all living things are made up of cells, that…
in a eukaryotic, the organelle that contains most of the DNA…
Cell
Membrane-bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell membrane
The liquid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of a cell
29 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Chapter 4: Cell Structure Overview / Biology
When and who discovered cells?
Cell Theory (composed by Schwann and S…
What is the rate of diffusion affected…
Prokaryotic Cells
Robert Hooke in 1665
1.) All organisms are composed of cells... 2.) Cells are the sma…
Surface area available ... Temperature ... Concentration Gradient... D…
No membrane-bound nucleus (DNA is present in the nucleoid) -…
When and who discovered cells?
Robert Hooke in 1665
Cell Theory (composed by Schwann and S…
1.) All organisms are composed of cells... 2.) Cells are the sma…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 4 (Cell Structure)
Cell Theory
Cell
Cell Membrane
Eukaryote
...
...
...
...
Cell Theory
...
Cell
...
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
Cell Theory
Cell Size is Limited
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the smal…
Cells are small due to reliance on diffusion of substances in…
Simplest Organisms that lack a membrane bound nucleus (DNA ex…
Much more complex than prokaryotes. Posses a membrane bound n…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the smal…
Cell Size is Limited
Cells are small due to reliance on diffusion of substances in…
27 terms
Biology EOC CHapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
cell
Cell Membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
The basic unit of all living things that is fundamental to th…
The outer layer of a cell composed of phospholipids and prote…
A rigid structure that provides support and surrounds the cel…
An organelle in plant cells and other eukaryotic photosynthet…
cell
The basic unit of all living things that is fundamental to th…
Cell Membrane
The outer layer of a cell composed of phospholipids and prote…
21 terms
Cell Structure Chapter 4
cell membrane
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplasts
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal…
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure
Central Dogma
DNA
RNA
Protein
DNA>RNA>Protein
Double Helix Strand... Adenine-Tyrosine... Guanine-Cytosine
Single or double... Adenine-Uracil... Guanine-Cytosine
amino acid chains
Central Dogma
DNA>RNA>Protein
DNA
Double Helix Strand... Adenine-Tyrosine... Guanine-Cytosine
31 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Structure
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
selectively permeable
passive transport
thin covering that forms the outer boundary of the cell
accurate model of cell membrane; lipids and proteins
certain molecules are allowed to pass through
movement of substance through a membrane without using the ce…
cell membrane
thin covering that forms the outer boundary of the cell
fluid mosaic model
accurate model of cell membrane; lipids and proteins
Biology Chapter 4-Cell Structure
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Unified Cell Theory
All cells share these characteristics
Advantageous for viewing living organisms, but requires cell…
Provides detail on the cells living structure. Living cells c…
Proposed by Mathius Schleiden and Theodore Schwann. States th…
Plasma membrane, an outer covering to separate the cell from…
Light Microscope
Advantageous for viewing living organisms, but requires cell…
Electron Microscope
Provides detail on the cells living structure. Living cells c…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
cell size
surface area
if a cell gets too large
volume
is limited by surface area and volume
is the amount of area exposed to environment (cell membrane),…
its surface area and volume decreases and it becomes ineffici…
cubed, determines the amount of metabolic activity it carries…
cell size
is limited by surface area and volume
surface area
is the amount of area exposed to environment (cell membrane),…
70 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure
Cell Theory
Resolution
Light microscope
Compound microscope
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. Cells a…
Minimum distance two points can be apart and still be disting…
Operates with visible light, uses two magnifying lenses
Magnifies in stages using several lenses
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. Cells a…
Resolution
Minimum distance two points can be apart and still be disting…
64 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Actin Filament
Archaean
Bacillus
Basal Body
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
A rod-shaped bacterium
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of cilia…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
70 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure
Cell Theory
Resolution
Light microscope
Compound microscope
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. Cells a…
Minimum distance two points can be apart and still be disting…
Operates with visible light, uses two magnifying lenses
Magnifies in stages using several lenses
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. Cells a…
Resolution
Minimum distance two points can be apart and still be disting…
60 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 4: Protein Structure & Function
What 3 sets of experiments can be used…
Name 6 model organisms and reasoning w…
Describe the 4 methods used to obtain…
What is fractionation?
1) Extraction ... 2) Sequencing... 3) Visualization
1) Tissue culture: cheap, easy, can harvest cells quickly, ca…
STEP 1 of EXTRACTION: HOMOGENIZATION ... 1) high-frequency soun…
STEP 2: FRACTIONATION... A centrifuge/ultracentrifuge is used to…
What 3 sets of experiments can be used…
1) Extraction ... 2) Sequencing... 3) Visualization
Name 6 model organisms and reasoning w…
1) Tissue culture: cheap, easy, can harvest cells quickly, ca…
33 terms
Biology-Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
73 terms
Biology~ Chapter 4 Notes "Structure and Function of the Cell"
cell
the light microscope
magnification
resolution
smallest unit of matter that can carry on all life processes
light passes through one or more lenses to produce an enlarge…
quality of making an image appear larger than its actual size
measure of clarity of an image
cell
smallest unit of matter that can carry on all life processes
the light microscope
light passes through one or more lenses to produce an enlarge…
30 terms
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
44 terms
Cell Structure (OpenStax Biology: Chapter 4)
Cell Theory (Also, Unified Cell Theory)
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Centrosome
A biological concept that states that all organisms are compo…
Rigid cell covering made of cellulose that protects the cell,…
Large plant cell organelle that regulates the cell's storage…
Region in animal cells made of two centrioles.
Cell Theory (Also, Unified Cell Theory)
A biological concept that states that all organisms are compo…
Cell Wall
Rigid cell covering made of cellulose that protects the cell,…
19 terms
Biology chapter4 Cell Structure and Function
1. ATP
2. ADP
3. Chemosynthesis
4. Photosynthesis
(Adenosine triphosphats) high energy molecule that contains,…
(Adenosine diphosphate) low energy molecule that can be conve…
Process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
Process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
1. ATP
(Adenosine triphosphats) high energy molecule that contains,…
2. ADP
(Adenosine diphosphate) low energy molecule that can be conve…
36 terms
Biology - Chapter 4 (Cell Structure)
cell theory
surface area to volume ratio
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
1) all organisms are composed of one or more cells, and the l…
as a cell's size increases, its volume, increases much more r…
the simplest organisms, most of the genetic material lies in…
more complex organisms, is encased within a double-membrane s…
cell theory
1) all organisms are composed of one or more cells, and the l…
surface area to volume ratio
as a cell's size increases, its volume, increases much more r…
87 terms
Cell Structure and Types - Biology Chapter 4
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Antoni von Leeuwenhoek
Theodore Schwann
1) All living things are made of cells... 2) Cells are the basic…
Coined word "cell"... cork cells
Observed "animalcules" (micro-organisms)
Wrote that all living animals have cells... German Zoologist/Pat…
Cell Theory
1) All living things are made of cells... 2) Cells are the basic…
Robert Hooke
Coined word "cell"... cork cells
30 terms
Chapter 4 Biology - Cell structure and function
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
Does not have skin like a cytoskeleton does. This includes
The membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
Everything inside the cytoskeleton, all organelles, except th…
70 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
Cell Junction
Cell Theory
Central Vacuole
Chloroplasts
A structure that connects animal cells to one another in a ti…
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
A membrane-enclosed sac occupying most of the interior of a m…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists. Enc…
Cell Junction
A structure that connects animal cells to one another in a ti…
Cell Theory
The theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
26 terms
Gamble - Biology - chapter 4 - Structure and Function of the Cell
Hooke
Van Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
First to see dead cells from a cork plant.
First to see living cells
Stated all plants are composed of cells
Stated all animals are composed of cells
Hooke
First to see dead cells from a cork plant.
Van Leeuwenhoek
First to see living cells
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
actin filament
bacillus
basal body
capsule
Thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globular…
A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium. also a genus of bacter…
a cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of--and m…
Gelatinous layer surrounding the cells of blue-green algae an…
actin filament
Thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globular…
bacillus
A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium. also a genus of bacter…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Function of the Cell Review
What is a cell?
Who discovered cells and coined the na…
Who was the first person to observe li…
What is the first part of the cell the…
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
English scientist Robert Hooke in 1665 but he only saw dead c…
Dutch microscope maker Anton van Leeuwenhoek in 1673
All living things are made of cells
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all of the proc…
Who discovered cells and coined the na…
English scientist Robert Hooke in 1665 but he only saw dead c…
33 terms
Biology-Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Biology Chapter 4 (Cell structure and function)
cell theory
Diffusion
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
In 1855, the German physician Rudolf Virchow completed the __…
is the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids dispers…
each cell is surrounded by an extremely thin, rather fluid me…
consists of all the fluid and structures that lie inside the…
cell theory
In 1855, the German physician Rudolf Virchow completed the __…
Diffusion
is the process by which molecules dissolved in fluids dispers…
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
When viewing a specimen through a ligh…
The ________ is the basic unit of life…
Prokaryotes depend on ________ to obta…
Bacteria that lack fimbriae are less l…
C
B
D
A
When viewing a specimen through a ligh…
C
The ________ is the basic unit of life…
B
41 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Structure and Function of Cells
Robert Hooke
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Sehleiden
Theodor Schwann
British scientist - described cork "cells"
Dutch merchant- ground lenses looked at pond water ... -scum: de…
German botanist- 1838- all plants composed of cells
german zoologist- 1839- all animals composed of cells
Robert Hooke
British scientist - described cork "cells"
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Dutch merchant- ground lenses looked at pond water ... -scum: de…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
Actin Filament
Archaean
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
States that all organisms are made of cells, cells are capabl…
Cellular structure that surrounds a plant, protisan, fungal,…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton that plays a role in the moveme…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the Archaea domain
39 terms
Chapter 4 ~cell structure ~ biology
Robert Hook
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Robert Brown
Matthias Schledien
(1600's) observed cork (dead, box-like structures) and called…
used a single lens microscope; looked at pond water and blood…
discovered the nucleus
stated that all plants were made of cells
Robert Hook
(1600's) observed cork (dead, box-like structures) and called…
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
used a single lens microscope; looked at pond water and blood…
19 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
cytosol
nucleus
The cell's outer boundary. Covers a cell's surface and acts l…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
The part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
The control center of the cell, it contains DNA. Most functio…
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
The cell's outer boundary. Covers a cell's surface and acts l…
cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
What is the cell theory?
What methods are used to study cells?
How do Prokaryotic Cells differ from E…
What organelles are in Prokaryotic Cel…
1. All living organisms are comprised of cells... 2. All cells c…
1. Light Microscopy... 2. Electron Microscopy... a. Scanning: 3D b…
1. They lack membrane-bound organelles... 2. The presence of a s…
1. Pilli... 2. Capsule... 3. Cell Wall... 4. Cell Membrane... 5. Ribosome…
What is the cell theory?
1. All living organisms are comprised of cells... 2. All cells c…
What methods are used to study cells?
1. Light Microscopy... 2. Electron Microscopy... a. Scanning: 3D b…
130 terms
Academic Biology: Chapter 4 (Structure and Functions of the Cell)
What is a cell?
What elements are cells composed of?
What is the study of cells?
What made the discovery of the cell po…
The smallest unit of matter that can carry all the processes…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cytology
The development of the microscope
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of matter that can carry all the processes…
What elements are cells composed of?
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
36 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure
Prokaryotic (Cell)
Archaea
Bacteria
Eukaryotic (Cell)
• Simplest organisms; small (1 to 10 mm)... • Genome is circular…
• Difficult to culture in the lab (native to extreme environm…
• Most bacterial cells are encased by a strong cell wall... - Co…
• Possess a membrane-bound nucleus... • More complex than prokar…
Prokaryotic (Cell)
• Simplest organisms; small (1 to 10 mm)... • Genome is circular…
Archaea
• Difficult to culture in the lab (native to extreme environm…
37 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 4, Cell structure
Cilia
Flagella
Cell Jobs
Proteins
For locomotion
For locomotion
Make proteins... Make energy... Make more cells
Control every cell function
Cilia
For locomotion
Flagella
For locomotion
37 terms
Chapter 4 (Advanced Biology)-- Cell Structure
cytology
Virchow is associates with the idea th…
Cell theory is based on the work of wh…
cell theory states what?
the study of cells
all cells reproduce and every cell comes from a preexisting c…
Shleiden, Schwann, and Virchow
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. cells are the basi…
cytology
the study of cells
Virchow is associates with the idea th…
all cells reproduce and every cell comes from a preexisting c…
62 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Structure
Cell Theory
Average cell size? Size is based on wh…
Diffusion definition
Rate of diffusion is affected by what
1.) Cells are the basic unit of life, smallest living thing... 2…
10-100µm, size based on diffusion of substances in and out of…
Movement of particals in a substance from high concentration…
surface area available, temperature, concentration gradient,…
Cell Theory
1.) Cells are the basic unit of life, smallest living thing... 2…
Average cell size? Size is based on wh…
10-100µm, size based on diffusion of substances in and out of…
25 terms
Biology: Cell Structure (Chapter 4)
Three steps of the cell theory:
Cell Size:
What is rate of diffusion is affected…
What is surface area-to-volume ratio?
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells ... 2. Cells…
Most cells are relatively small due reliance on diffusion of…
1. surface area available ... 2. temperature... 3. concentration gr…
As a cell's size increases, its volume increases much more ra…
Three steps of the cell theory:
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells ... 2. Cells…
Cell Size:
Most cells are relatively small due reliance on diffusion of…
33 terms
Biology-Chapter 4 Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
62 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 4: Cell Structure
What are the 3 dogmas of the cell theo…
The rate of diffusion of cells is affe…
Describe light microscopes.
Describe electron microscopes.
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells ... 2. Cells…
surface area available, temperature, concentration gradient,…
it uses magnifying lenses with visible light, resolve structu…
it uses electron beams, resolve structures are 0.2nm apart
What are the 3 dogmas of the cell theo…
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells ... 2. Cells…
The rate of diffusion of cells is affe…
surface area available, temperature, concentration gradient,…
162 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Structure and Function of the Cell
What is a cell?
What do all cells need?
What did Robert Hooke do?
What did Robert Hooke name cells after?
the basic, smallest unit that can carry on all processes of l…
protein
(England 1665) - observed cells in a thin slice of cork, then…
the rooms in a monastery
What is a cell?
the basic, smallest unit that can carry on all processes of l…
What do all cells need?
protein
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