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Study sets matching "terms chapter 4 biology psych"

13 terms
Chapter 4 Psychology Terms
behavior genetics
environment
chromosomes
DNA
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
environment
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
9 terms
Psychology chapter 4 terms
heredity
environment
chromosomes
genes
all the characteristics transmitted to children from parents…
all the surrounding forces that affect your life
tiny, rod-shaped bodies in almost all cells; they contain gen…
smaller units of chromosomes, they transmit inherited traits…
heredity
all the characteristics transmitted to children from parents…
environment
all the surrounding forces that affect your life
37 terms
Psychology: Chapter 4 Terms
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
46 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 4
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Psychophysics
sensation
perception
transduction
studies link between physical stimuli and psychological exper…
process of receptor cells located in our senses detecting, co…
process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory in…
Convert stimuli into neural impulses (action potential)
Psychophysics
studies link between physical stimuli and psychological exper…
sensation
process of receptor cells located in our senses detecting, co…
46 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 4
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Psychology terms Chapter 4
Progesterone
Estrogen
Adrenal Gland
Thyroid Gland
stimulates growth of the female reproductive organs and helps…
female sex hormone, although low levels are found in males, t…
secretes cortical steroids, which increase resistance to stre…
produces thyroxin which affects the body's metabolism- its ra…
Progesterone
stimulates growth of the female reproductive organs and helps…
Estrogen
female sex hormone, although low levels are found in males, t…
58 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Transduction
Sensory adaption
Sensory habituation
Cocktail-party phenomenon
signals are transformed into neural impulses
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
our perception of sensations partially due to how focused we…
when your attention is redirected because someone explicitly…
Transduction
signals are transformed into neural impulses
Sensory adaption
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
17 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Initiation Rites
Asynchrony
Rationalization
Identity Crisis
ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to n…
the condition during adolescence in which the growth or matur…
a process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unp…
a period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry int…
Initiation Rites
ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to n…
Asynchrony
the condition during adolescence in which the growth or matur…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 terms
organelles
mitochondria
rough endoplasmic reticulum ( rough ER)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum ( Smooth…
A structure within a cell with a specific function
produces energy through cellular respiration
transport and storage ... is involved in some protein production…
is associated with the production and metabolism of lipids
organelles
A structure within a cell with a specific function
mitochondria
produces energy through cellular respiration
24 terms
Biology Terms Chapter 4
Climate
Microclimate
Greenhouse effect
Habitat
The average year to year conditions of temp. and precipitatio…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differ from…
A process when certain gasses traps the sun's warmth inside t…
An area where an organism lives including the factors that ef…
Climate
The average year to year conditions of temp. and precipitatio…
Microclimate
Environmental conditions within a small area that differ from…
31 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Key Terms
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
Refers to the process of sensing our environment through touc…
The process of recognizing and interpreting sensory stimuli.
The smallest level of energy required by an external stimulus…
The minimum amount that something needs to change in order fo…
Sensation
Refers to the process of sensing our environment through touc…
Perception
The process of recognizing and interpreting sensory stimuli.
102 terms
Psychology Terms Chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
receptors
an experience through our senses; neurons in a receptor creat…
the way we interpret our senses; a process that makes sensory…
converts physical energy into a neural message; happens in a…
neurons that transduce (convert) a stimulus into a nerve impu…
sensation
an experience through our senses; neurons in a receptor creat…
perception
the way we interpret our senses; a process that makes sensory…
36 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Behavior Genetics
Environment
Chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Behavior Genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
Environment
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
12 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Terms
Biome
Niche
Predation
Herbivory
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
The status of an organism within its environment and communit…
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
An interaction in which an herbivore eats parts of a plant or…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Niche
The status of an organism within its environment and communit…
14 terms
psychology terms chapter 4
temperament
identical twins come from what egg?
fraternal twins come from what egg?
molecular genetics
a persons characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
monozygotic
dizygotic
the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure…
temperament
a persons characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
identical twins come from what egg?
monozygotic
43 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Terms
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
ATP(ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE)
ADP(ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE)
Organism that is able to make its own food.
An organism that depends upon other organisms for food
A compound that serves as a temporary energy storage molecule…
The Molecule that is produced when ATP is split to yield ener…
AUTOTROPH
Organism that is able to make its own food.
HETEROTROPH
An organism that depends upon other organisms for food
81 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
8 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Terms
carrying capacity
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
the population that an environment can sustain
the way individuals of a population are arranged in space
factors such as weather, forest fires, and floods that reduce…
limited resources that become depleted as populations grow be…
carrying capacity
the population that an environment can sustain
dispersion
the way individuals of a population are arranged in space
17 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Terms
Passive transport
Concentration gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
A difference in the concentration of a substance, such as the…
A condition in which the concentration of a substance is equa…
The movement of a substance from an area of high concentratio…
Passive transport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
Concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance, such as the…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
the part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
the membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
65 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Terms
Archaean
Actin filament
basal body
cell
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archea.
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Organelle that develops from a centriole.
smallest unit that displays the properties of life; composed…
Archaean
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archea.
Actin filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
43 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Terms
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
ATP(ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE)
ADP(ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE)
Organism that is able to make its own food.
An organism that depends upon other organisms for food
A compound that serves as a temporary energy storage molecule…
The Molecule that is produced when ATP is split to yield ener…
AUTOTROPH
Organism that is able to make its own food.
HETEROTROPH
An organism that depends upon other organisms for food
Chapter 4 Biology Terms
Metabolism
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
A set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy.
Metabolism
A set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
habitat
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
16 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Habituation
Maturation
Critical period
Jean Piaget
Decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in be…
An optimal period early in the life of an organism when expos…
Was a pioneering developmental psychologist who spent his lif…
Habituation
Decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
Maturation
Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in be…
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Hypertonic Solution
Concentration gradient
Hypotonic solution
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
The fluid inside the cell has a higher concentration of disso…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Hypertonic Solution
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
Situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere due…
weather
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
climate
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
12 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Terms
Biome
Niche
Predation
Herbivory
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
The status of an organism within its environment and communit…
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
An interaction in which an herbivore eats parts of a plant or…
Biome
A group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Niche
The status of an organism within its environment and communit…
33 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 Terms
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compound
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Pure substance that can't be broken down into other substance…
Elements that make up less than 0.01% of your body mass
Substance containing 2 or more elements that are chemically c…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Element
Pure substance that can't be broken down into other substance…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Psychology: Chapter 4 Terms
lesion
brainstem
medulla
thalamus
tissue destruction of brain
-oldest part & central core of the brain... -beginning where spi…
base of brainstem, controls heart rate & breathing
-brains sensory router, located on top of the brainstem... -dire…
lesion
tissue destruction of brain
brainstem
-oldest part & central core of the brain... -beginning where spi…
60 terms
Chapter 4 Psychology terms
evolutionary psychology
sleep rebound
alpha wave
delta wave
discipline that studies how universal patterns of behavior an…
.sleep-deprived individuals will experience shorter sleep lat…
type of relatively low frequency, relatively high amplitude b…
type of relatively low frequency, relatively high amplitude b…
evolutionary psychology
discipline that studies how universal patterns of behavior an…
sleep rebound
.sleep-deprived individuals will experience shorter sleep lat…
41 terms
Psychology: Chapter 4 Terms
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Spinal Chord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brainstem
The brain and spinal chord
Long cylinder of neural tissue extending from the medulla of…
The nerves exiting the CNS that carry sensory and motor infor…
The part of the brain containing the mid-brain, pons, and med…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal chord
Spinal Chord
Long cylinder of neural tissue extending from the medulla of…
49 terms
Psychology Terms (Chapter 4)
Lens
nearsightedness
farsightedness
Light
transparent eye structure that focuses the light rays falling…
close objects are seen clearly but objects that are distant a…
distant objects are seen clearly, but objects up close are not
form of electromagnetic radiation
Lens
transparent eye structure that focuses the light rays falling…
nearsightedness
close objects are seen clearly but objects that are distant a…
Psychology chapter 4 terms
alpha wave
biological rhythm
cataplexy
central sleep apnea
type of relatively low frequency, relatively high amplitude b…
internal cycle of biological activity
lack of muscle tone or muscle weakness, and in some cases com…
sleep disorder with periods of interrupted breathing due to a…
alpha wave
type of relatively low frequency, relatively high amplitude b…
biological rhythm
internal cycle of biological activity
56 terms
Psychology - Chapter 4 Terms
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Psychophysics
simple stimulation of a sense organ
The organization, identification, and interpretation of a sen…
What takes place when sensors in the body convert physical si…
Methods that measure the stength of a stimulus and the observ…
Sensation
simple stimulation of a sense organ
Perception
The organization, identification, and interpretation of a sen…
63 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
change blindness
selective attention
bottom-up processing
sensation
failing to notice changes in the environments
the focus of conscious awareness on a stimulus
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works TO…
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
change blindness
failing to notice changes in the environments
selective attention
the focus of conscious awareness on a stimulus
9 terms
Practical Biology - Chapter 4 Terms
ATP
Diffusion
Semipermeable
Osmosis
A form of chemical energy that can be used by a cell to carry…
The movement of a substance from an area that is crowded to a…
Having tiny pores or holes so that only certain molecules can…
The movement of water through a cell membrane
ATP
A form of chemical energy that can be used by a cell to carry…
Diffusion
The movement of a substance from an area that is crowded to a…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4
seed
fern
moss
vascular plant
A plant part that contains a beginning plant and stored food
A seedless vascular plant
A nonvascular plant that has simple parts
A plant that has tubelike cells
seed
A plant part that contains a beginning plant and stored food
fern
A seedless vascular plant
36 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Key Terms
Hydrocarbons
Cis-trans isomers
Isomer
Structural Isomers
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
Cis-trans isomers
One of several compounds that have the same molecular formula…
57 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 terms
Behavior genetics
Envirement
DNA
Chromosomes
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and ent…
Every no genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
(Deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Behavior genetics
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and ent…
Envirement
Every no genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
57 terms
Chapter 4 Terms Psychology
Behavior Genetics
Heredity
Environment
DNA
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Behavior Genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
Heredity
the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
29 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Psychophysics
sensation
perception
transduction
studies link between physical stimuli and psychological exper…
process of receptor cells located in our senses detecting, co…
process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensory in…
Convert stimuli into neural impulses (action potential)
Psychophysics
studies link between physical stimuli and psychological exper…
sensation
process of receptor cells located in our senses detecting, co…
25 terms
Chapter 4 Psychology Terms
Activation-synthesis hypothesis
Altered state
Circadian rhythm
Consciousness
a theory suggesting that dreams are caused by physiological p…
any state of mind differing from the normal state of consciou…
physiological changes that repeat at about 24-hour intervals.
an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself a…
Activation-synthesis hypothesis
a theory suggesting that dreams are caused by physiological p…
Altered state
any state of mind differing from the normal state of consciou…
17 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
initiation rites
puberty
menarche
spermarche
ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to n…
sexual maturation; the end of childhood and the point when re…
the first menstrual period
period in which males achieve first ejaculation
initiation rites
ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to n…
puberty
sexual maturation; the end of childhood and the point when re…
56 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Classical conditioning
reflex
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without prev…
In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring…
Classical conditioning
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
reflex
An involuntary and almost immediate movement in response to a…
72 terms
Psychology: Chapter 4 Terms
Absolute Threshold
Accommodation
Adaptation
Additive color mixing
The minimum detectable stimulus for specific types of sensory…
Changing existing mental structures to explain new experiences
An inherited characteristic that increased in a population be…
Works by putting more light in the mixture than any one light
Absolute Threshold
The minimum detectable stimulus for specific types of sensory…
Accommodation
Changing existing mental structures to explain new experiences
35 terms
Psychology Chapter 4 Terms
Consciousness
Microsleep
Circadian rhythm
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
feelings, thoughts, and aroused states of which we are aware
a brief episode of sleep that occurs in the midst of a wakefu…
changes in bodily processes that occur repeatedly on approxim…
a group of brain cells located in the hypothalamus that signa…
Consciousness
feelings, thoughts, and aroused states of which we are aware
Microsleep
a brief episode of sleep that occurs in the midst of a wakefu…
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