How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "terms ecology 1 community"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "terms ecology 1 community"

35 terms
Community Ecology Parts 1 & 2 terms
community
food chain
food web
(community interactions & examples) ne…
...
producers- hebivores-carnivores. The linear hierarchy of who…
Interfeeding relationships of various organisms in an ecosyst…
...
community
...
food chain
producers- hebivores-carnivores. The linear hierarchy of who…
80 terms
Community ecology Key terms
Community
fitness
Competition
Consumption
interacting species living in a defined area
ability to survive and produce offspring
when individuals use the same resources (-/-)
one eats or absorbs nutrients from another. increases consume…
Community
interacting species living in a defined area
fitness
ability to survive and produce offspring
16 terms
Community Ecology 1
population
community
habitat
resources and ecospaces
members of the same species living in a certain area
all populations living in the same area and interacting with…
physical environment where an organism is found
intense competition for both
population
members of the same species living in a certain area
community
all populations living in the same area and interacting with…
11 terms
G.1: Community ecology
abiotic factors (plants)
abiotic factors (animals)
random sampling
quadrat method
temp, water, light, soil pH, mineral nutrients
temp, water, breeding sites, food supply, territory
used to estimate the total number of organisms in a particula…
used to determine population size
abiotic factors (plants)
temp, water, light, soil pH, mineral nutrients
abiotic factors (animals)
temp, water, breeding sites, food supply, territory
14 terms
BIOLOGY 3.1 community ecology
COMMUNITY
CLIMAX COMMUNITY
ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION
LIMITING FACTORS
INCLUDES THE PEOPLE, OTHER ANIMALS, PLANTS, BACTERIA, AND FUN…
A STABLE, MATURE COMMUNITY
THE REPLACEMENT OF ONE COMMUNITY WITH ANOTHER
ANY FACTOR THAT RESTRICTS THE NUMBERS, REPRODUCTION, OR DISTR…
COMMUNITY
INCLUDES THE PEOPLE, OTHER ANIMALS, PLANTS, BACTERIA, AND FUN…
CLIMAX COMMUNITY
A STABLE, MATURE COMMUNITY
18 terms
Community Ecology EXAM 1
community
species diversity
alpha diversity
beta diversity
all the individuals of all species living in a particular pla…
list of all the species in a plot
(whittaker) the species diversity at a small scale. Area of a…
(whittaker) measure of the turnover of species over a short d…
community
all the individuals of all species living in a particular pla…
species diversity
list of all the species in a plot
8 terms
3.1 Community Ecology
community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circums…
The gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem bro…
community
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
limiting factor
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
57 terms
Community Ecology PART 1
community ecology
symbiosis
mutualism
commensalism
The study of how interactions between species affect communit…
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
A relationship between two species in which both species bene…
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
community ecology
The study of how interactions between species affect communit…
symbiosis
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
15 terms
Population and Community Ecology 1
population
community
Symbiotic relationship
mutualism
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
relationship between two species in which at least one benifits
A symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit
population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
community
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
30 terms
G.1 Community Ecology
Factors that affect plant species dist…
Soil pH (plant species distribution)
Mineral nutrient levels
Harvesting
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, and mineral nut…
Affects organism's capacity to retain minerals
Determine drainage of water; depends on rock from which it wa…
Can quickly deplete the soil when nutrients are removed and n…
Factors that affect plant species dist…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, and mineral nut…
Soil pH (plant species distribution)
Affects organism's capacity to retain minerals
7 terms
3.1 Community Ecology
Community
Limiting factor
Tolerance
Ecological Succession
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Any abiotic our biotic factor that restricts the number, repr…
The ability of any organisms to survive when subjected to abi…
The change in an ecosystem that happens when one community re…
Community
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Limiting factor
Any abiotic our biotic factor that restricts the number, repr…
12 terms
Community & Ecology Terms
population density
exponential growth
limiting factor
carrying capacity
the number of individuals of a particular species in a given…
when the population multiplies by a constant factor at consta…
a condition of the environment that slows or stops a populati…
what the population reaches when a factor limits the populati…
population density
the number of individuals of a particular species in a given…
exponential growth
when the population multiplies by a constant factor at consta…
15 terms
Community & Ecology terms
Interspecific competition
Predation
Camouflage
Chemical defense
occurs between two species if they both require the same limi…
leads to diverse adaptations in both predator and prey.
blending in
Use chemicals to protect themselves ... ex. poisonous frogs.
Interspecific competition
occurs between two species if they both require the same limi…
Predation
leads to diverse adaptations in both predator and prey.
Community Ecology Terms
Population Density
Population Distribution
What are abiotic and biotic environmen…
3 distribution patterns
The number of individuals per area
The pattern of dispersal of individuals across an area of int…
Resources
Clumped all in one area, Randomly placed, Uniform perfectly p…
Population Density
The number of individuals per area
Population Distribution
The pattern of dispersal of individuals across an area of int…
49 terms
Community Ecology Test #1
What is science
What is Ecology?
Physical Environment
Living Environment
-Guided by natural law ... - Explanatory in reference to natural…
- Sub category of environmental science IT IS NOT environment…
Abiotic things (not living)... - Soil... - Air... - Water... - Rocks
Animals, plants, protests, bacteria, fungi ... (divide things ba…
What is science
-Guided by natural law ... - Explanatory in reference to natural…
What is Ecology?
- Sub category of environmental science IT IS NOT environment…
43 terms
Community Ecology 1
producer
consumer
community
species richness
responsible for providing available energy, in the form of su…
eat producers to obtain the energy found in their biomass
a collection of interacting populations within the same given…
refers to the number of different species within a given area
producer
responsible for providing available energy, in the form of su…
consumer
eat producers to obtain the energy found in their biomass
12 terms
COMMUNITY ECOLOGY 1
DEFINE ECOLOGICAL COMMUNITY
WHY IS DIVERSITY A PROBLEM FOR ECOLOGI…
GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF DIVERSE COMMUNIT…
LIST + BRIEFLY DESCRIBE SOME CLASSICAL…
A group of populations that occur together in space and/or... ti…
SOME COMMUNITIES ARE VERY DIVERSE In just a single hectare of…
In just a single hectare of tropical rainforest in Brazil, yo…
1: Connell's barnacles... Chthamalus is competitively excluded f…
DEFINE ECOLOGICAL COMMUNITY
A group of populations that occur together in space and/or... ti…
WHY IS DIVERSITY A PROBLEM FOR ECOLOGI…
SOME COMMUNITIES ARE VERY DIVERSE In just a single hectare of…
7 terms
Bio 3.1 Community Ecology
community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
All the different populations that live together in an area
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circums…
The gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem bro…
community
All the different populations that live together in an area
limiting factor
Any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence, nu…
54 terms
Evolution and Community Ecology Terms
Evolution
Gene Pool
Gene
Mutations
"Change over time"
Includes all the genes present in a population
A sequence of DNA that codes for a particular trait
Changes in DNA and can give rise to genetic variation among i…
Evolution
"Change over time"
Gene Pool
Includes all the genes present in a population
14 terms
Community Ecology Terms
succession
serial stage
disturbance
Early Serial Stage
change in species competition over time
a specific community occupying one area at a time
event that causes profound change in the ecosystem
grasses, flowers, herbs
succession
change in species competition over time
serial stage
a specific community occupying one area at a time
18 terms
Community Ecology 1
Amensalism
Amensalism
Commensalism
Commensalism
one species is harmed, the other is not affected (-/0)
Black walnut tree produces chemicals that inhibit the growth…
one species benefits, the other is not affected (+/0)
Cattle egrets on water buffalo
Amensalism
one species is harmed, the other is not affected (-/0)
Amensalism
Black walnut tree produces chemicals that inhibit the growth…
31 terms
community ecology pt. 1
2 parts to biodiversity
species richness
relative abundance
inter specific interactions
species richness... relative abundance
total number of different species in the community
the proportion pf the community made up of different species
interactions between species
2 parts to biodiversity
species richness... relative abundance
species richness
total number of different species in the community
28 terms
Community Ecology 1
Community
Interspecific interactions
Competition
Competitive exclusion
group of populations of different species interact
-interactions among different species... -competition, predation…
individuals of different species compete for resource that li…
-two species competing for the same resource cannot exist... -mo…
Community
group of populations of different species interact
Interspecific interactions
-interactions among different species... -competition, predation…
23 terms
G.1 Community Ecology
Species
Population
Community
Ecosystem
all organisms of a single type which are able to reproduce an…
all organisms of the same species living in a similar area
all the different populations living together in a defined area
all the populations in an area and the abiotic factors of the…
Species
all organisms of a single type which are able to reproduce an…
Population
all organisms of the same species living in a similar area
12 terms
Community Ecology - Test 1
ecology
community
community ecology
Species richness
the distribution and abundance of organisms
a collection of species coexisting together in space & time
interactions that have led to ecological or evolutionary acco…
The total number of species identified in the sample
ecology
the distribution and abundance of organisms
community
a collection of species coexisting together in space & time
51 terms
Community Ecology (1)
Ecology
organismal, populational, community, e…
community
size, species, number
Interactions between organisms and with the chemical and phys…
Different types of ecology?
Assemblage of populations interacting in the same environment.
Community ranges in ______ and ______, _____, and kind.
Ecology
Interactions between organisms and with the chemical and phys…
organismal, populational, community, e…
Different types of ecology?
29 terms
G.1 Community Ecology
1.1: Factors that affect plant distrib…
1.1: Factors that affect plant distrib…
1.1: Factors that affect plant distrib…
1.1: Factors that affect plant distrib…
Temperature- frost resistant crops, can only survive in those…
Water- cacti, adapted to low water desert conditions
Light- Plants that live in caves do not need as much light to…
Soil pH- blueberries are adapted to low pH conditions, alkali…
1.1: Factors that affect plant distrib…
Temperature- frost resistant crops, can only survive in those…
1.1: Factors that affect plant distrib…
Water- cacti, adapted to low water desert conditions
5 terms
3.1 Community Ecology
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
primary succession
abiotic/biotic factors that restrict the numbers of organisms
the ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abio…
the process in which 1 community replaces another due to chan…
the establishment of a community in an area of exposed rock t…
limiting factor
abiotic/biotic factors that restrict the numbers of organisms
tolerance
the ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abio…
7 terms
3.1 Community Ecology
Community Ecology/ Ecological Community
Limiting factor
Tolerance
Ecological Succession
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Any abiotic and biotic factor that restricts the numbers, rep…
The ability of any organism to survive when subjected to an a…
The changes in an ecosystem that happens when one community r…
Community Ecology/ Ecological Community
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Limiting factor
Any abiotic and biotic factor that restricts the numbers, rep…
3.1 community ecology
Community
Limiting factor
Tolerance
Ecological succession
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Any abiotic factor of biotic factor that restricts the number…
The ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abio…
The chance in an ecosystem that happens when one community re…
Community
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Limiting factor
Any abiotic factor of biotic factor that restricts the number…
18 terms
Community Ecology 1
Semelparity
Iteroparity
Community
Interspecific Interaction
When a species puts all its available resources into producin…
When a species produces few offspring but has more than one r…
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interactions between different species within a community; su…
Semelparity
When a species puts all its available resources into producin…
Iteroparity
When a species produces few offspring but has more than one r…
14 terms
G1 Community Ecology
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
Temperature... -Affects the rate of photosynthesis... -Determines r…
Temperature... -Must be within range... -Homotherms adapt better to…
Quadrat: A rectangular or circular area that is used to estab…
Transect: A path or line where the distribition of plants or…
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
Temperature... -Affects the rate of photosynthesis... -Determines r…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
Temperature... -Must be within range... -Homotherms adapt better to…
20 terms
Community Ecology P. 1
Community
community Ecology
Species Richness
Species Diversity
assemblage of many populations that live in the same place at…
studies how groups of species interact and form functional co…
number of species found in the community... -most taxa varies ac…
This is the relationship between the number of species in the…
Community
assemblage of many populations that live in the same place at…
community Ecology
studies how groups of species interact and form functional co…
23 terms
G1 Community Ecology
Effect of temperature on plant distrib…
Effect of water on plant distribution
Effect of light on plant distribution
Effect of salinity on plant distribution
-enzyme activity... -transpiration rate... -plant can only survive…
-needed for photosynthesis/respiration... -needed to maintain ce…
-light duration/intensity vital for photosynthesis... -shaded pl…
-high salinity increases water loss... -most plants don't tolera…
Effect of temperature on plant distrib…
-enzyme activity... -transpiration rate... -plant can only survive…
Effect of water on plant distribution
-needed for photosynthesis/respiration... -needed to maintain ce…
13 terms
G1- Community Ecology
Outline the factors that affect the di…
Define intra- and inter-specific
Describe one method of random sampling…
Ecological niche
Climatic factors:... -Temperature... = determines rate of biochemic…
Intra-specific:... within species... Inter-specific:... between species
-Define a sampling region... - Select random areas using quadrat…
Describes the role of an organism within its ecosystem, inclu…
Outline the factors that affect the di…
Climatic factors:... -Temperature... = determines rate of biochemic…
Define intra- and inter-specific
Intra-specific:... within species... Inter-specific:... between species
17 terms
Community Ecology 54.1
community
interspecific interaction
interspecific competition
competitive exclusion
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
an organisms interactions with individuals of other species i…
-/- interaction that occurs when individuals of a different s…
local elimination of the inferior competitor
community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interspecific interaction
an organisms interactions with individuals of other species i…
10 terms
G.1 Community ecology
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
Temperature:... - Plants will only be able to live in temp range…
Temperature... - Animals will only be able to live in temp range…
quadrat - a rectangular or circular frame of known area that…
Transects are useful to estimate species with an abiotic vari…
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
Temperature:... - Plants will only be able to live in temp range…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
Temperature... - Animals will only be able to live in temp range…
34 terms
Community ecology (1)
community
community ecology
species richness
number of species of most taxa varies…
assemblage of many populations that live in the same place at…
studies how groups of species interact and form functional co…
number of different species found in the community
range
community
assemblage of many populations that live in the same place at…
community ecology
studies how groups of species interact and form functional co…
18 terms
3.1 community ecology
Community
Limiting factor
Tolerance
Ecological succession
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Any abiotic factor of biotic factor that restricts the number…
The ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abio…
The chance in an ecosystem that happens when one community re…
Community
A group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
Limiting factor
Any abiotic factor of biotic factor that restricts the number…
11 terms
sec. 1- community ecology
predation
interspecific competition
competitive exclusion
fundamental niche
individual of one species (predator) eats all or part of prey
2 or more species use the same limited resources
one species is eliminated from community because of competiti…
range of conditions and resources an organism could possibly…
predation
individual of one species (predator) eats all or part of prey
interspecific competition
2 or more species use the same limited resources
12 terms
3.1 Community Ecology
Community
Community Ecology
Competition
Resource Partitioning
All the populations of organisms within a given area
The study of interactions between species.
The struggle of individuals to obtain a limiting resource.
A situation in which two species divide a resource, based on…
Community
All the populations of organisms within a given area
Community Ecology
The study of interactions between species.
30 terms
community ecology 1
community
rivet model
interspecific interactions
competitive exclusion model
a collection of interacting populations within the same given…
explains the interactions among species (food web model)
these are in b/w 2 different species
states each species has it's own niche in an environment
community
a collection of interacting populations within the same given…
rivet model
explains the interactions among species (food web model)
19 terms
Community ecology 1
Biological community
plants, animals and microbes are linke…
Biological communities are defined how?
community ecology
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
interactions (ex. predation, competition, mutualism)
spatially and by the dominant life form
study of the distribution and abundance of populations of coe…
Biological community
a group of populations of different species living close enou…
plants, animals and microbes are linke…
interactions (ex. predation, competition, mutualism)
7 terms
Ch 3.1 community ecology
community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
group of interacting populations, same time, same place
any biotic or abiotic factor that limits the numbers, reprodu…
the ability of any organism to survive under stress
ecological change when one community replaces another due to…
community
group of interacting populations, same time, same place
limiting factor
any biotic or abiotic factor that limits the numbers, reprodu…
25 terms
community ecology 1
community
community ecology
species richness
more
assemblage of many populations that live in the same place at…
studies how groups of species interact and form functional co…
number of different species found in the community
as a general rule, the closer a community is to the equator,…
community
assemblage of many populations that live in the same place at…
community ecology
studies how groups of species interact and form functional co…
55 terms
Community Ecology 1,2
• Review: An ecological ______________…
Interspecific... Competition is a... _______…
___________________between different s…
• Instead, competition is usually in t…
community
lose-lose
Competition
resources
• Review: An ecological ______________…
community
Interspecific... Competition is a... _______…
lose-lose
17 terms
Community Ecology Page 1
Population
Population Density
Population Distribution
Availability Resources
All organisms living in same place at same time
Number of individuals in area
Pattern of individuals in area
Abiotic and biotic supporting non-living things
Population
All organisms living in same place at same time
Population Density
Number of individuals in area
40 terms
Community Ecology Part 1
Species Richness
Relative Abundance
Species Diversity
Interspecific
Total # of different species in a community
Proportion of the community made up of different species
Consist of both species richness and relative abundance
Interactions b/t different species
Species Richness
Total # of different species in a community
Relative Abundance
Proportion of the community made up of different species
11 terms
community ecology part 1
rivet model
competitive exclusion model
what type of relationship is predation…
normal predation
states every species is important in an ecosystem
two species cannot occupy the same niche, one must leave, die…
positive and negative
carnivore or omnivore eats a herbivore
rivet model
states every species is important in an ecosystem
competitive exclusion model
two species cannot occupy the same niche, one must leave, die…
13 terms
Community Ecology pt.1
Community
Interspecific Interaction
Competition
Transplant(invasive) species
A collection of interacting populations within the same given…
Interactions between two different species
Is a negative-negative relationship
Species from another area living in a foreign environment
Community
A collection of interacting populations within the same given…
Interspecific Interaction
Interactions between two different species
1 of 10