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Study sets matching "terms european history"

841 terms
AP European History Terms
Patronage
Commune
Oligarchy
Popolo
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
Maintained a façade of republican government, but the judicia…
Disenfranchised common people in Italian cities who resented…
Patronage
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
Commune
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
64 terms
Chapter 13 European History Terms
Anti-Clericalism
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Simony
Opposition to the clergy.
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
Frequent absence from work or another place without a good ex…
Practice of selling positions in the Church
Anti-Clericalism
Opposition to the clergy.
Pluralism
The practice of holding more than one office or church benefi…
841 terms
AP European History Terms
Patronage
Commune
Oligarchy
Popolo
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
Maintained a façade of republican government, but the judicia…
Disenfranchised common people in Italian cities who resented…
Patronage
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
Commune
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
33 terms
AP European History Key Terms
Humanism
Christian Humanism
Vernacular
New Monarchs
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realiza…
Part of the northern Renaissance which had an emphasis on ear…
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from lite…
The term applied to Louis XI of France, Henry VII of England,…
Humanism
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realiza…
Christian Humanism
Part of the northern Renaissance which had an emphasis on ear…
25 terms
European History Terms
Ghetto
Cold War
Kristallnacht
Division of Germany
When the Nazis took over a city in Europe they would force al…
1945-1991. A time of disagreement between the Soviet Union an…
A night in 1938 when many Jewish homes and business were burn…
When Germany lost WWII, the USA and Soviet Union divided Germ…
Ghetto
When the Nazis took over a city in Europe they would force al…
Cold War
1945-1991. A time of disagreement between the Soviet Union an…
25 terms
European History terms
Monothesistic
Prince Henry
Industrial Revolution
Imperialism
The belief that there is only one God or supreme being
The monarch of Portugal who created a school of navigation
The time period in European history where machines began to r…
The time period in European history when Europe began coloniz…
Monothesistic
The belief that there is only one God or supreme being
Prince Henry
The monarch of Portugal who created a school of navigation
14 terms
European History terms
Cro Magnon
civilization
feudalism
Chivalry
Early mankind evidence found in Europe dated 30,000 years ago
Organization of a society, culture and a way of life
A system established in Medieval Europe controlled by landlor…
A code of honor and conduct established by the knights of Med…
Cro Magnon
Early mankind evidence found in Europe dated 30,000 years ago
civilization
Organization of a society, culture and a way of life
51 terms
AP European History: European Geography Review
Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Albania
Andorra
31 terms
Chapter 24 European History Terms
First World
Second World
Third World
Opium Wars (1839-1842 1856-1860)
The group of nation-states that possesses mature industrializ…
Industrialized countries moving from now defunct communist ec…
Also known as developing nations; nations outside the capital…
Wars between Great Britain and China, which began as a confli…
First World
The group of nation-states that possesses mature industrializ…
Second World
Industrialized countries moving from now defunct communist ec…
51 terms
Chapter 27 European History Terms
Authoritarianism
Totalitarianism
"Totalitarianism of the Left"
"Totalitarianism of the Right"
A political system in which the state controls the lives of c…
A radical dictatorship that exercises "total claims" over the…
Stalinist Russia growing out of Marxian socialism that seized…
Fascism & Nazism; private ownership of wealth, arise in devel…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which the state controls the lives of c…
Totalitarianism
A radical dictatorship that exercises "total claims" over the…
45 terms
Chapter 26 European History Terms
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
Nihilism
Henri Bergson
Logical Positivism
German philosopher who said that "God is dead," because peopl…
The philosophical idea that human life is entirely without me…
A French philosophy professor who said that personal experien…
A philosophy that sees meaning in only those beliefs that can…
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
German philosopher who said that "God is dead," because peopl…
Nihilism
The philosophical idea that human life is entirely without me…
57 terms
Chapter 19 European History Terms
Absolute Monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
Republic
Dictatorship
A system of government in which the head of state is a heredi…
A form of government in which the king retains his position a…
A form of government in which there is no monarch and power r…
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictat…
Absolute Monarchy
A system of government in which the head of state is a heredi…
Constitutional Monarchy
A form of government in which the king retains his position a…
30 terms
Chapter 22 European History Terms
Edwin Chadwick
Jeremy Bentham / Utilitarianism
Miasmatic Theory
Louis Pasteur / Germ Theory / Pasteuri…
A public health official who wrote reports on the poor living…
His approach to social issues, called utilitarianism, had tau…
The belief that people contract disease by breathing bad odor…
A French chemist, this man discovered that heat could kill ba…
Edwin Chadwick
A public health official who wrote reports on the poor living…
Jeremy Bentham / Utilitarianism
His approach to social issues, called utilitarianism, had tau…
11 terms
European History
The Great Famine
The Black Death
Flagellants
The Hundred Years' War
The result of four years of potato crop failure in the late 1…
A plague that first struck Europe in 1347 and killed perhaps…
People who believed that the plague was God's punishment for…
A war between England & France from 1337 to 1453, with politi…
The Great Famine
The result of four years of potato crop failure in the late 1…
The Black Death
A plague that first struck Europe in 1347 and killed perhaps…
57 terms
Chapter 23 European History Terms
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte / Napoleon II…
Plebiscite
Georges Haussmann
Third Republic
Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, who became president of the Sec…
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunit…
Associated with the rebuilding of Paris. Made it "revolution-…
French Republic started after the end of the Franco-Prussian…
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte / Napoleon II…
Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, who became president of the Sec…
Plebiscite
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunit…
68 terms
Chapter 25 European History Terms
Militarism
Alliance
Imperialism
Nationalism
A political orientation of a people or a government to mainta…
A formal agreement establishing an association or alliance be…
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other cou…
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country.
Militarism
A political orientation of a people or a government to mainta…
Alliance
A formal agreement establishing an association or alliance be…
61 terms
Chapter 21 European History Terms
Conservatism
Congress of Vienna (1815)
Quadruple Alliance
Klemens von Metternich
A set of beliefs that includes a limited role for the nationa…
A meeting of the Quadruple Alliance—Russia, Prussia, Austria,…
Alliance between Prussia, Austria, Russia, and Great Britain.…
A German-Austrian politician and statesman, and one of the mo…
Conservatism
A set of beliefs that includes a limited role for the nationa…
Congress of Vienna (1815)
A meeting of the Quadruple Alliance—Russia, Prussia, Austria,…
European history terms
Humanism
Christian humanism
Patronage
Hierarchy
A program of study designed by Italians that emphazied the cr…
Northern humanism who interpreted italian ideas about and att…
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
An arrangement of things according to relative importance
Humanism
A program of study designed by Italians that emphazied the cr…
Christian humanism
Northern humanism who interpreted italian ideas about and att…
32 terms
Chapter 14 European History Terms
Galley
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
Cannon
Ptolemy's Geography (re-released ca. 1…
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
Caravels were fitted with this weapon, and with it, the carav…
A second-century-C.E. work that synthesized the classical kno…
Galley
Narrow, open boats propelled largely by slaves or convicts ma…
Caravel (w/ lateen sail & sternpost ru…
A small, maneuverable, three-mast sailing ship developed by t…
51 terms
AP European History: European Geography Review
Albania
Andorra
Armenia
Austria
Albania
Andorra
40 terms
European History Terms
Louis XVI
Marie Antoinette
Jacques Necker
Marquis de Lafayette
King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792. He was…
Born an Archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1…
French statesman of Swiss birth and finance minister of Louis…
French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the Uni…
Louis XVI
King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792. He was…
Marie Antoinette
Born an Archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1…
82 terms
European History Final Terms
Florence
Michelangelo
Machiavelli
John Locke
City state at the center of the Renaissance
Renaissance painter and sculptor (Italian)... Works:... -painted ce…
wrote The Prince... "A prince should therefore have no other aim…
wrote 2nd Treatises of Gov't... -humans were basically good, bu…
Florence
City state at the center of the Renaissance
Michelangelo
Renaissance painter and sculptor (Italian)... Works:... -painted ce…
123 terms
AP European History Terms
Feudalism
The Cortes
War of the Roses
Star Chamber
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lan…
the Spanish parliament 1400's
1455-1485; A war between the York family and Lancaster family…
A royal court, established by Henry VII of England, for offen…
Feudalism
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lan…
The Cortes
the Spanish parliament 1400's
60 terms
Chapter 16 European History Terms
Natural Philosophy
Aristotle
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
Copernican Hypothesis
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
A Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tut…
A Polish clergyman and astronomer who began the revolution in…
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
Natural Philosophy
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
Aristotle
A Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tut…
43 terms
Chapter 20 European History Terms
Putting-Out System
Cottage Industry
James Hargreaves - Spinning Jenny
Richard Arkwright - Water Frame
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
He invented a simple, inexpensive, hand-powered spinning mach…
He created a spinning machine that had a capacity of several…
Putting-Out System
The eighteenth-century system of rural industry in which a me…
Cottage Industry
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
49 terms
Chapter 12 European History Terms
Patronage
Commune
Oligarchy
Popolo
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
Maintained a façade of republican government, but the judicia…
Disenfranchised common people in Italian cities who resented…
Patronage
Financial support of writers and artists by cities, groups, a…
Commune
Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merch…
12 terms
European History
Prince Henry the Navigator
Russian Revolution
Treaty of Versailles
World Wide Depression
He established a school for the study of navigation, map maki…
The collective term for two revolutions in Russia starting in…
One of the peace treaties (agreements) at the end of World Wa…
A world wide economic depression due to the crash in the stoc…
Prince Henry the Navigator
He established a school for the study of navigation, map maki…
Russian Revolution
The collective term for two revolutions in Russia starting in…
38 terms
European History
Europeans started exploring the world…
Prince Henry the Navigator
prisoners
Nationalism
Find a trade route around Africa to Asia
• Gaining wealth for Portugal... • Improving mapmaking... • Sending…
The first British colonists in Australia were _____.
_____ played an important role in Europe's competition to col…
Europeans started exploring the world…
Find a trade route around Africa to Asia
Prince Henry the Navigator
• Gaining wealth for Portugal... • Improving mapmaking... • Sending…
39 terms
European History
Feudalism
The Crusades
Bubonic Plague
The Renaissance
Middle Age political system. Noble Landowners or Lords held t…
Holy war to take the "Holy Land" from Muslims, but was REALLY…
Devastating plague originating from the Far East known as "Th…
A rediscovery of Ancient Greek and Roman culture beginning in…
Feudalism
Middle Age political system. Noble Landowners or Lords held t…
The Crusades
Holy war to take the "Holy Land" from Muslims, but was REALLY…
248 terms
AP European History Terms
Estates
Lexington and Concord
National Assembly
Great Fear
The three legal categories, or orders, of France's inhabitant…
The first battle in the American Revolution.
The first French revolutionary legislature, made up primarily…
The fear of noble reprisals against peasant uprisings that se…
Estates
The three legal categories, or orders, of France's inhabitant…
Lexington and Concord
The first battle in the American Revolution.
96 terms
History 1121 (European) Terms
Bastille
Constitution of the Year III
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Committee for Public Safety
Beginning of the French Revolution; peasants stormed the Bast…
French constitution established in 1795 during the Thermidori…
The preamble to the French constitution drafted in August 178…
The "thought-police" of the Great Terror; led by Maximilien R…
Bastille
Beginning of the French Revolution; peasants stormed the Bast…
Constitution of the Year III
French constitution established in 1795 during the Thermidori…
42 terms
European History Terms
Modern Devotion (Brethren of the Commo…
Laity
Vernacular
Benefice system (simony)
Roman Catholic faith that preached the sacrifice of worldly g…
Ordinary people (non-clergymen)
The general language spoken by commoners in a given country
Reward received for services rendered or a retainer for futur…
Modern Devotion (Brethren of the Commo…
Roman Catholic faith that preached the sacrifice of worldly g…
Laity
Ordinary people (non-clergymen)
27 terms
European History Terms
Middle Ages
Charlemagne
Magyars
Vikings
The Development of Western Culture, 400-1500 AD
King from 768-814 who worked to build a "New Rome," and he re…
Nomadic tribe who invaded Europe in now Hungary
Scandinavian men from north who invaded and took over parts o…
Middle Ages
The Development of Western Culture, 400-1500 AD
Charlemagne
King from 768-814 who worked to build a "New Rome," and he re…
10 terms
EUROPEAN HISTORY MID-TERM
Louis XIV
Cardinal Mazarin
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Louis XV
He was 5 when he came to the throne. Cardinal Mazarin and his…
Succeeded Cardinal Richelieu. Ruled as Louis XIV's regent. co…
Louis XIV's chief of finances. He was a mercantilist. He want…
Great grandson of Louis XIV. Under him France had serious fin…
Louis XIV
He was 5 when he came to the throne. Cardinal Mazarin and his…
Cardinal Mazarin
Succeeded Cardinal Richelieu. Ruled as Louis XIV's regent. co…
115 terms
European History Mid-Term
Fall of Rome
Charlemagne
Feudalism
Medieval Church
Events... Gothic Settlers... Battle of Arianople... Death of Empero…
King of the Franks... Huge - 6'4"... Inherited land (Aachen) after…
Middle Ages Local Government by Classes... God... King/Pope... Nobl…
Pope Gregory I sent missionaries to convert people to Christi…
Fall of Rome
Events... Gothic Settlers... Battle of Arianople... Death of Empero…
Charlemagne
King of the Franks... Huge - 6'4"... Inherited land (Aachen) after…
29 terms
European History Key Terms
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Rene Descartes
Natural Law
was the emergence of modern science during the early modern p…
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astro…
Philosopher... René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathemat…
or the law of nature (Latin: lex naturalis; ius naturale), is…
Scientific Revolution
was the emergence of modern science during the early modern p…
Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astro…
158 terms
European History key terms
Pope Sixtus IV
Francesco Petrarch
Classicism
Humanism
Established Spanish Inquisition
Father of humanism and first Renaissance writer
Focus on Greek and Roman writings, art, etc.
Interest in the individual and a person's talent, emphasis on…
Pope Sixtus IV
Established Spanish Inquisition
Francesco Petrarch
Father of humanism and first Renaissance writer
40 terms
European History Terms
Benito Mussolini
Frank Lloyd Wright
Paul Hindenburg
Charlie Chaplin
Promised to bring Italy to greatness the black shirts and is…
Created buildings that was functional and not as complex
President of the Weimar Republic appoints Hitler as chancello…
Silent flim actor of the 1920s in Hollywood
Benito Mussolini
Promised to bring Italy to greatness the black shirts and is…
Frank Lloyd Wright
Created buildings that was functional and not as complex
10 terms
European History || terms
Political
Economic
Social
Democracy
Having to do with governing and governing institutions
Having to do with how decisions about production, distributio…
Having to do with people, class relationships and how societi…
A democratic form of governing based on elected representatives
Political
Having to do with governing and governing institutions
Economic
Having to do with how decisions about production, distributio…
35 terms
European History Terms
John Paul 2nd
Tomas Masaryk
Miklos Horthy
Triple Alliance
First Polish pope and the first non-Italian pope in several c…
First president of Czechoslovakia
Hungarian admiral and statesman, who served as Regent of the…
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
John Paul 2nd
First Polish pope and the first non-Italian pope in several c…
Tomas Masaryk
First president of Czechoslovakia
59 terms
European History Mid-Term
King James 1st
Oliver Cromwell
Hobbes
King William and Queen Mary
King of England 1603-1625, commissioned the king James Bible
Lord protector of England 1599-1658, served as deputy command…
Political Philosopher, 1588-1679
England king and queen, commissioned Bill of Rights, 1689
King James 1st
King of England 1603-1625, commissioned the king James Bible
Oliver Cromwell
Lord protector of England 1599-1658, served as deputy command…
11 terms
European History Mid-Term
Napoleon Bonaparte
Satellite Kingdoms
Congress of Vienna
Austerlitz
A French military leader and emperor of France who dominated…
a country that was independent but now under the control of a…
Conference of ambassador of European states led by Austrian s…
Napoleans greatest victories when the French beat the 3rd col…
Napoleon Bonaparte
A French military leader and emperor of France who dominated…
Satellite Kingdoms
a country that was independent but now under the control of a…
12 terms
European History Terms
Modernity
Post-Modernity
Constitutional Monarchy
Absolutism
The quality or condition of being modern.
The time that existed after modernity... Thought to have ended…
A monarchy in which governing powers of the monarch are restr…
The acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in politic…
Modernity
The quality or condition of being modern.
Post-Modernity
The time that existed after modernity... Thought to have ended…
75 terms
European History Mid-Term
Divine Right of Kings
Louis XIV
Peter The Great
Colbert
The doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not…
Known as Louis the Great, or the Sun King, Louis ruled an abs…
Ruled as the tsar of Russia from 1682-1725. He introduced new…
He was a French Statesman and the finance minister under Loui…
Divine Right of Kings
The doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not…
Louis XIV
Known as Louis the Great, or the Sun King, Louis ruled an abs…
28 terms
European History Terms
modernity
modernization
social imperialism
Stunde Null
way that people experience world that they are in; different…
societies go through linear path, including feudal, industria…
strategy of distracting citizens from domestic problems by ta…
end of WWII in Europe; "zero hour"
modernity
way that people experience world that they are in; different…
modernization
societies go through linear path, including feudal, industria…
48 terms
European History Key Terms
Absolute monarchy (Absolutism)
Constitutional monarchy (Constitutiona…
"Divine Right of Kings"
Henry IV & Edict of Nantes
Total power placed in a crown or leader (Habsburg Austria, Pr…
limiting power of government by law
Idea that God chose Monarch and therefore was above laws and…
(1589 - 1610) Absolutist King of France. Although Catholic, i…
Absolute monarchy (Absolutism)
Total power placed in a crown or leader (Habsburg Austria, Pr…
Constitutional monarchy (Constitutiona…
limiting power of government by law
82 terms
European History Terms
May 29, 1453
The three estates
New monarchies
Renaissance humanism
The Fall of Constantinople/capture of the Byzantine empire by…
1st- clergy... 2nd- nobility... 3rd- peasants/merchants/everybody e…
-15th - 16th century... European monarchs who created profession…
...
May 29, 1453
The Fall of Constantinople/capture of the Byzantine empire by…
The three estates
1st- clergy... 2nd- nobility... 3rd- peasants/merchants/everybody e…
33 terms
European History Vocab Terms
Pseudoscience
Eugenics
Physiognomy
Crucible
beliefs mistakenly regarded as being based on science and facts
controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable c…
discovering temperament/character by outside appearance
a severe test
Pseudoscience
beliefs mistakenly regarded as being based on science and facts
Eugenics
controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable c…
47 terms
European History Key Terms
Absolutism
Louis XIV
Thomas Hobbs and the Leviathan State
Scholasticism
1661 Louis XIV took power. One ruler, who controls everything…
1643-1715. Takes complete power in 1661. Absolute monarch. Se…
1588-1679. Published 1651. A state so big it could guarantee…
Height of intellectual achievement in the middle ages. The us…
Absolutism
1661 Louis XIV took power. One ruler, who controls everything…
Louis XIV
1643-1715. Takes complete power in 1661. Absolute monarch. Se…
83 terms
Key European History Terms
Europe in Transition
Humanism
Christian Humanism
Vernacular
1450-1650
scholarly interest in the study of the classical texts, value…
branch of humanism in northern Europe, studied classicals but…
everyday language of a region or country
Europe in Transition
1450-1650
Humanism
scholarly interest in the study of the classical texts, value…
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