Study sets matching "terms geology rocks"

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Study sets matching "terms geology rocks"

14 terms
Geology Terms- Rock Cycle
igneous rock
magma
metamorphic rock
sediment
A rock formed or apparently formed from solidification of mag…
Molten rock.
A rock produced by metamorphism.
Loose, solid particles that can originate by weathering and e…
igneous rock
A rock formed or apparently formed from solidification of mag…
magma
Molten rock.
19 terms
Geology ROCKS!
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Three Rock Types
Breaking down of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in temp…
Transportation of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in tem…
Sediment is added to a land form; it is set down
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
Weathering
Breaking down of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in temp…
Erosion
Transportation of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in tem…
12 terms
Geology Terms-Sedimentary Rocks
Detrital Type
Organic Type
Chemical Precipitate Type
Clastic Texture
Quartz Sandstone, Arkose, Siltstone, Breccia, Conglomerate, S…
Coal
Coquina, Micrite, Fossiliferous Limestone, Rock Salt, Travert…
Quartz Sandstone, Arkose, Siltstone, Breccia, Coal, Conglomer…
Detrital Type
Quartz Sandstone, Arkose, Siltstone, Breccia, Conglomerate, S…
Organic Type
Coal
21 terms
Geology "Rocks"
Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
Rocks formed by sediments compacted and pressed together, suc…
Rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressu…
Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Igneous Rocks
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
SCIENCE GEOLOGY ROCK TERMS
rock
Rock cycle
weathering
erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat breaks down r…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock cycle
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
17 terms
Geology Rock Terms
Rock
Rock cycle
Weathering
Erosion
A naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
The process in which water, wind, ice and heat breach down rock
The process by which wind, water, ice or gravity transports s…
Rock
A naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
Rock cycle
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
91 terms
Geology Rocks and Minerals
sphalerite: NM; 3.5-4 Hardness; no cle…
Gypsum: NM; 2 Hardness; Basal Cleavage…
Galena: Metallic; 2.5 Hardness; Cubic…
Augite: NM; 5.5 Hardness; Prismatic (2…
Mineral
Mineral
Mineral
Mineral
sphalerite: NM; 3.5-4 Hardness; no cle…
Mineral
Gypsum: NM; 2 Hardness; Basal Cleavage…
Mineral
Geology Rocks
Slate
Phyllite
Garnet Muscovite Schist
Biotite Schist
Very fine grain, usually dark and spits into sheets
Fine grain, may have porphyroblast, silky sheen, common wavy…
most of the crystals Garnet porphyroblast, and Muscovite, cou…
most of the crystals are Biotite, foliated
Slate
Very fine grain, usually dark and spits into sheets
Phyllite
Fine grain, may have porphyroblast, silky sheen, common wavy…
24 terms
Geology rocks
Quartz
conchoidal fracture
Cubic cleavage
Rombohedral
When a mineral or rock breaks along random, curved or cupped…
3=90°
3 not equal to 90°
Quartz
conchoidal fracture
When a mineral or rock breaks along random, curved or cupped…
Geology - Rocks
Rock
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
An aggregate of various minerals
A naturally occurring chemical compound, usually found as cry…
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Rock formed from the deposition and lithification of sediments
Rock
An aggregate of various minerals
Mineral
A naturally occurring chemical compound, usually found as cry…
11 terms
Geology--Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Metamorphic
Foliated
an igneous rock with large crystals that formed from magma de…
an igneous rock with small crystals that formed from lava on…
any rock changed by heat or pressure
a metamorphic rock whose mineral crystals are arranged in par…
Intrusive
an igneous rock with large crystals that formed from magma de…
Extrusive
an igneous rock with small crystals that formed from lava on…
21 terms
Geology & Rocks
Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
Rocks formed by sediments compacted and pressed together, suc…
Rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressu…
Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Igneous Rocks
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
Rocks/Geology
Geology
Geologist
Texture
Coarse
The study of rocks
The scientist that studies rocks
The look and feel of a rock's surface
Grains that are large and easy to see
Geology
The study of rocks
Geologist
The scientist that studies rocks
17 terms
geology vocab - rock terms
rock
rock cycle
erosion
deposition
a naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
the process in which material is laid down
rock
a naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
Geology:Rock Terms
rock
rock cycle
weathering
erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
process in which water,wind,ice, adn heat break down rocks
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity transports…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
10 terms
Geology Rocks!
Geology
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
The science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
Rock having solidified from lava or magma.
Rock that has formed from sediment deposited by water or air.
Rock that has undergone transformation by heat, pressure, or…
Geology
The science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
Igneous
Rock having solidified from lava or magma.
58 terms
Geology Rocks
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Muscovite
Sugary texture on sides... Cleavage: ... Luster: Dull
Streaks on cleavage planes (60/120 degree angles)... Cleavage:…
Cleavage: 2... Luster: Resinous
Cleavage: 1... Luster: Pearly
Olivine
Sugary texture on sides... Cleavage: ... Luster: Dull
Hornblende
Streaks on cleavage planes (60/120 degree angles)... Cleavage:…
17 terms
SCIENCE GEOLOGY ROCK TERMS
rock
Rock cycle
weathering
erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat breaks down r…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock cycle
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
16 terms
Science (Geology): Rock Terms
Rock
Rock cycle
Erosion
Deposition
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
The process in which material is laid down
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock cycle
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
17 terms
Geology Rocks
shale (#19)
slate (#29)
andesite (#11)
basalt (#8)
sedimentary rock... smooth... cleavage... not good for aquifer... foliate…
Metamorphic Rock... Shale is the prolith... Foliated, Grey Fat
igneous rock... fine-grained texture, intermediate composition... g…
igneous rock ... shield volcano... mafic, fine-grained... matte, black…
shale (#19)
sedimentary rock... smooth... cleavage... not good for aquifer... foliate…
slate (#29)
Metamorphic Rock... Shale is the prolith... Foliated, Grey Fat
20 terms
Physical Geology Sedimentary Rocks
Detrital
clay, silt, sand, gravel
Clastic
A
This type of sedimentary rock is classified based on particle…
Rank the following particles from the smallest to largest in…
All detrital sedimentary rocks have a _________ texture.
A well-sorted sand has particles that are ... A.. all approximat…
Detrital
This type of sedimentary rock is classified based on particle…
clay, silt, sand, gravel
Rank the following particles from the smallest to largest in…
Geology Test Terms - Igneous Rocks
K(Mg,FE)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
KAl3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
KAlSi3O8
SiO2
Biotite - Black Mica
Muscovite - White Mica
Potassium Feldspar, OR... Potassium Aluminum Silicate
Quartz, OR... Silicon Dioxide
K(Mg,FE)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Biotite - Black Mica
KAl3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite - White Mica
17 terms
Geology Rock Terms
Rock
Rock Cycle
Weathering
Erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
The series of processes in which a rock form changes from one…
The process in which water, wind, Ice, and heat break down rock
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock Cycle
The series of processes in which a rock form changes from one…
17 terms
Geology - Rock Terms
rock
rock cycle
weathering
erosion
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of process in which a rock forms, changes from one…
the process in which water, wind, ice, and heat break down rock
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of process in which a rock forms, changes from one…
58 terms
Geology Rocks
Pyrite (Mineral)
Galena (Mineral)
Biotite Mica (Mineral)
Hematite (Mineral)
Pyrite (Mineral)
Galena (Mineral)
34 terms
Geology Rocks!
Anthracite - (Metamorphic)... Burial/ Con…
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Arkose - (Sedimentary)... Clastic Sedimen…
Basalt - (Igneous - Extrusive)... Formed…
Anthracite - (Metamorphic)... Burial/ Con…
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Rocks For Geology
rhyolite
galena
talc
calcite
bridges and cars
bullets and ammunition
talcum powder
tums and rolards
rhyolite
bridges and cars
galena
bullets and ammunition
56 terms
geology rocks
olivine - 401
biotite mica - 414
hematite - 421, 420
orthoclase feldspar - 406
mineral... - green... - scratches glass... - conchoidal fractures... - ha…
mineral... - not metallic, darker in color... - softer than a finge…
mineral... - reddish with black spots... - softer than a penny... - me…
mineral... - non metallic, with a light color... - pale pink, with…
olivine - 401
mineral... - green... - scratches glass... - conchoidal fractures... - ha…
biotite mica - 414
mineral... - not metallic, darker in color... - softer than a finge…
Geology Rocks
Garnet
Plagioclase
Orthoclase K-Feldspar
quartz
Garnet
Plagioclase
56 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Quartz
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: more than 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Augite
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
50 terms
Geology Rocks
anthracite coal ... high in sulfur
lignite coal ... low in sulfur
kaolinite
pumice
anthracite coal ... high in sulfur
lignite coal ... low in sulfur
21 terms
geology-- rocks
fluorite
pyrite
graphite
calcite
fluorite
pyrite
33 terms
Geology Rocks!
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Arkose - (Sedimentary)... Clastic Sedimen…
Basalt - (Igneous - Extrusive)... Formed…
Biotite - (Mineral)... Composition - Comp…
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Arkose - (Sedimentary)... Clastic Sedimen…
10 terms
Rocks and Geology
Relative dating
Absolute dating
Radiometric dating
Law of superposition
Method used to figure out if a rock is older or younger than…
Methods used to determine the exact age of Earth or rocks
Method using the half-life of atoms to determine the age of a…
Strata that are younger will be deposited on top of strata th…
Relative dating
Method used to figure out if a rock is older or younger than…
Absolute dating
Methods used to determine the exact age of Earth or rocks
Rocks - Geology
Galena
Magnetite
Hematite
Gypsum
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of Lead ... STREAK - Dark gray
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of iron ... STREAK - Gray ... PROPERTY - Magnetic
ECONOMIC USE - Redish pigment in Paint ... STREAK - Redish-Brown
ECONOMIC USE - In plaster & wall board ... HARDNESS - 2
Galena
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of Lead ... STREAK - Dark gray
Magnetite
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of iron ... STREAK - Gray ... PROPERTY - Magnetic
57 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Olivine
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
18 terms
Geology Lab terms-Igneous Rocks
Magma
Types of Magma
Origin
Intrusive
Molten rock material
Mafic, Ultramafic, Felsic, and Intermediate
Intrusive or Extrusive
Cool slowly underground, the are coarse-grained-so most of th…
Magma
Molten rock material
Types of Magma
Mafic, Ultramafic, Felsic, and Intermediate
20 terms
Geology rocks
Micha Schist
Basalt
Coal Bitoumis
Conglomerate
Foliated, Metamorphic, Muscovite Minerals
Igneous, Aphanitic, gray
Sedimentary, non-clastic, coarse, rub on paper
Sedimentary , clastic, coarse
Micha Schist
Foliated, Metamorphic, Muscovite Minerals
Basalt
Igneous, Aphanitic, gray
Geology rocks
Tuff
Granite
Andesite
Gabbro
Extrusive• felsic-intermediate• any minerals can be in it• ta…
Intrusive• felsic• amphibole, Quartz, k-spar• always had pink…
Extrusive• intermediate• Quartz, k-spar• all gray w/ tiny cry…
Intrusive• mafic• pyroxene, olivine, plagioclase• mostly gray…
Tuff
Extrusive• felsic-intermediate• any minerals can be in it• ta…
Granite
Intrusive• felsic• amphibole, Quartz, k-spar• always had pink…
Rocks (Geology)
Rock
characteristics to look for in rocks
igneous rock
magma
a coherent aggregate of one or more minerals
grain size, composition, and layering
a rock formed by the solidification and crystallization of a…
melted rock below the surface of the earth
Rock
a coherent aggregate of one or more minerals
characteristics to look for in rocks
grain size, composition, and layering
22 terms
Geology: Rocks
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Intrusive
a rock made from magma (intrusive) or lava (extrusive)
a rock which is made from other rocks minerals or organic mat…
a rock made when other rocks experience high heat and pressure
an igneous rock with visible mineral crystals (plutonic)
Igneous Rock
a rock made from magma (intrusive) or lava (extrusive)
Sedimentary Rock
a rock which is made from other rocks minerals or organic mat…
44 terms
Geology rocks
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic
Igneous
Schist
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic
Geology: Rocks
Granite
Rhyolite
Andesite
Obsidian
Igneous, coarse, felsic
Igneous, fine, felsic
Igneous, poforitic (coarse + fine), intermediate
Igneous, glassy, felsic-intermediate, quartz
Granite
Igneous, coarse, felsic
Rhyolite
Igneous, fine, felsic
58 terms
Geology Rocks
Corundum
Copper
Sphalerite
Limonite
streak: white... non metallic... no cleavage... hardness: 5.5+... short h…
streak: white... metallic... fracture... 2.5-5.5... malleability
streak: yellowish... metallic... 6, 60 and 20 degrees... 2.5-5.5... stron…
brown-red-orange... streak:yellow-orange... non metallic... fracture... 1…
Corundum
streak: white... non metallic... no cleavage... hardness: 5.5+... short h…
Copper
streak: white... metallic... fracture... 2.5-5.5... malleability
41 terms
Geology Rocks
Biotite
Quartz
Kaolinite
Pyrite
Hardness: 2-2.5 ... Luster: Non-metallic. NOTE: it looks shiny,…
Hardness: 7 NO EXCEPTIONS!!!! ... Luster: Non-metallic ... Color: C…
Hardness: 1.5-2... Luster: non-metallic ... Color: white ... Cleavage…
Hardness: 6-6.5 ... Luster: Metallic Color: gold ... Cleavage: None…
Biotite
Hardness: 2-2.5 ... Luster: Non-metallic. NOTE: it looks shiny,…
Quartz
Hardness: 7 NO EXCEPTIONS!!!! ... Luster: Non-metallic ... Color: C…
10 terms
Geology -Igneous Rocks
Granite
Scoria
Andesite
Basalt
Brown Orange. Coarse grained, Phaneritic... Intrusive. Felsic
Brown. Volcanic. Vesicular/fine grained. Intermediate.
Grey. Mostly Fine Grained/ Vesicular. Intermediate.
Black. Fine Grained. Volcanic. Mafic.
Granite
Brown Orange. Coarse grained, Phaneritic... Intrusive. Felsic
Scoria
Brown. Volcanic. Vesicular/fine grained. Intermediate.
39 terms
Geology Rocks
Corundum
Copper
Sphalerite
Limonite
streak: white... non metallic... no cleavage... hardness: 5.5+... short h…
streak: white... metallic... fracture... 2.5-5.5... malleability
streak: yellowish... metallic... 6, 60 and 20 degrees... 2.5-5.5... stron…
brown-red-orange... streak:yellow-orange... non metallic... fracture... 1…
Corundum
streak: white... non metallic... no cleavage... hardness: 5.5+... short h…
Copper
streak: white... metallic... fracture... 2.5-5.5... malleability
Geology - Rocks
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Mechanical Weathering
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Rock formed from the deposition and lithification of sediments
Rock formed when pre-existing rocks are exposed to increases…
Process that breaks down rocks and minerals into smaller piec…
Igneous Rock
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed from the deposition and lithification of sediments
12 terms
geology rocks
peridotite
coarse-grained granite
gabbro
obsidian
32
50
51
52
peridotite
32
coarse-grained granite
50
38 terms
Geology Rocks
Mudstone
Arkose
Quartz Sandstone
Graywacke
• Fine grained <1/16 mm... • Environments - Flood plains - Mud f…
• Composed of particles between 1/16 and 2 mm... • > than 25% fe…
• Composed of particles between 1/16-2mm... Mostly quartz... Enviro…
• Composed of particles between 1/16 and 2 mm... • Composed of s…
Mudstone
• Fine grained <1/16 mm... • Environments - Flood plains - Mud f…
Arkose
• Composed of particles between 1/16 and 2 mm... • > than 25% fe…
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