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Study sets matching "terms geology rocks"

14 terms
Geology Terms- Rock Cycle
igneous rock
magma
metamorphic rock
sediment
A rock formed or apparently formed from solidification of mag…
Molten rock.
A rock produced by metamorphism.
Loose, solid particles that can originate by weathering and e…
igneous rock
A rock formed or apparently formed from solidification of mag…
magma
Molten rock.
21 terms
Geology "Rocks"
Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
Rocks formed by sediments compacted and pressed together, suc…
Rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressu…
Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Igneous Rocks
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
19 terms
Geology ROCKS!
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Three Rock Types
Breaking down of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in temp…
Transportation of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in tem…
Sediment is added to a land form; it is set down
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
Weathering
Breaking down of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in temp…
Erosion
Transportation of rock by wind, water, ice, or changes in tem…
12 terms
Geology Terms-Sedimentary Rocks
Detrital Type
Organic Type
Chemical Precipitate Type
Clastic Texture
Quartz Sandstone, Arkose, Siltstone, Breccia, Conglomerate, S…
Coal
Coquina, Micrite, Fossiliferous Limestone, Rock Salt, Travert…
Quartz Sandstone, Arkose, Siltstone, Breccia, Coal, Conglomer…
Detrital Type
Quartz Sandstone, Arkose, Siltstone, Breccia, Conglomerate, S…
Organic Type
Coal
17 terms
SCIENCE GEOLOGY ROCK TERMS
rock
Rock cycle
weathering
erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat breaks down r…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock cycle
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
91 terms
Geology Rocks and Minerals
sphalerite: NM; 3.5-4 Hardness; no cle…
Gypsum: NM; 2 Hardness; Basal Cleavage…
Galena: Metallic; 2.5 Hardness; Cubic…
Augite: NM; 5.5 Hardness; Prismatic (2…
Mineral
Mineral
Mineral
Mineral
sphalerite: NM; 3.5-4 Hardness; no cle…
Mineral
Gypsum: NM; 2 Hardness; Basal Cleavage…
Mineral
17 terms
Geology Rock Terms
Rock
Rock cycle
Weathering
Erosion
A naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
The process in which water, wind, ice and heat breach down rock
The process by which wind, water, ice or gravity transports s…
Rock
A naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
Rock cycle
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
34 terms
Geology Rocks!
Anthracite - (Metamorphic)... Burial/ Con…
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Arkose - (Sedimentary)... Clastic Sedimen…
Basalt - (Igneous - Extrusive)... Formed…
Anthracite - (Metamorphic)... Burial/ Con…
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
56 terms
geology rocks
olivine - 401
biotite mica - 414
hematite - 421, 420
orthoclase feldspar - 406
mineral... - green... - scratches glass... - conchoidal fractures... - ha…
mineral... - not metallic, darker in color... - softer than a finge…
mineral... - reddish with black spots... - softer than a penny... - me…
mineral... - non metallic, with a light color... - pale pink, with…
olivine - 401
mineral... - green... - scratches glass... - conchoidal fractures... - ha…
biotite mica - 414
mineral... - not metallic, darker in color... - softer than a finge…
21 terms
Geology & Rocks
Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
Rocks formed by sediments compacted and pressed together, suc…
Rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressu…
Rocks
Objects made of mixtures of minerals and other materials.
Igneous Rocks
Rocks formed when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and solidifi…
17 terms
geology vocab - rock terms
rock
rock cycle
erosion
deposition
a naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
the process in which material is laid down
rock
a naturally occuring solid mixture of one or more minerals or…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
58 terms
Geology Rocks
Pyrite (Mineral)
Galena (Mineral)
Biotite Mica (Mineral)
Hematite (Mineral)
Pyrite (Mineral)
Galena (Mineral)
12 terms
Rocks/Geology
Geology
Geologist
Texture
Coarse
The study of rocks
The scientist that studies rocks
The look and feel of a rock's surface
Grains that are large and easy to see
Geology
The study of rocks
Geologist
The scientist that studies rocks
17 terms
SCIENCE GEOLOGY ROCK TERMS
rock
Rock cycle
weathering
erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat breaks down r…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock cycle
series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from one t…
21 terms
geology-- rocks
fluorite
pyrite
graphite
calcite
fluorite
pyrite
16 terms
Science (Geology): Rock Terms
Rock
Rock cycle
Erosion
Deposition
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
The process in which material is laid down
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock cycle
The series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
17 terms
Geology Rock Terms
Rock
Rock Cycle
Weathering
Erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
The series of processes in which a rock form changes from one…
The process in which water, wind, Ice, and heat break down rock
The process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
Rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Rock Cycle
The series of processes in which a rock form changes from one…
17 terms
Geology - Rock Terms
rock
rock cycle
weathering
erosion
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of process in which a rock forms, changes from one…
the process in which water, wind, ice, and heat break down rock
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of process in which a rock forms, changes from one…
33 terms
Geology Rocks!
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Arkose - (Sedimentary)... Clastic Sedimen…
Basalt - (Igneous - Extrusive)... Formed…
Biotite - (Mineral)... Composition - Comp…
Apatite - (Mineral)... Ca₅(PO₄)₃(OH,F,Cl)…
Arkose - (Sedimentary)... Clastic Sedimen…
10 terms
Geology Rocks!
Geology
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
The science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
Rock having solidified from lava or magma.
Rock that has formed from sediment deposited by water or air.
Rock that has undergone transformation by heat, pressure, or…
Geology
The science that deals with the earth's physical structure an…
Igneous
Rock having solidified from lava or magma.
8 terms
Geology Rocks
Garnet
Plagioclase
Orthoclase K-Feldspar
quartz
Garnet
Plagioclase
17 terms
Geology:Rock Terms
rock
rock cycle
weathering
erosion
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
process in which water,wind,ice, adn heat break down rocks
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity transports…
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
50 terms
Geology Rocks
anthracite coal ... high in sulfur
lignite coal ... low in sulfur
kaolinite
pumice
anthracite coal ... high in sulfur
lignite coal ... low in sulfur
34 terms
Geology: Rocks
Granite
Rhyolite
Andesite
Obsidian
Igneous, coarse, felsic
Igneous, fine, felsic
Igneous, porphyritic (coarse + fine), intermediate
Igneous, glassy, felsic, quartz
Granite
Igneous, coarse, felsic
Rhyolite
Igneous, fine, felsic
23 terms
Geology Rocks
Slate
Phyllite
Garnet Muscovite Schist
Biotite Schist
Very fine grain, usually dark and spits into sheets
Fine grain, may have porphyroblast, silky sheen, common wavy…
most of the crystals Garnet porphyroblast, and Muscovite, cou…
most of the crystals are Biotite, foliated
Slate
Very fine grain, usually dark and spits into sheets
Phyllite
Fine grain, may have porphyroblast, silky sheen, common wavy…
24 terms
Geology Test Terms - Igneous Rocks
K(Mg,FE)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
KAl3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
KAlSi3O8
SiO2
Biotite - Black Mica
Muscovite - White Mica
Potassium Feldspar, OR... Potassium Aluminum Silicate
Quartz, OR... Silicon Dioxide
K(Mg,FE)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Biotite - Black Mica
KAl3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite - White Mica
Geology - Rocks
Rock
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
An aggregate of various minerals
A naturally occurring chemical compound, usually found as cry…
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Rock formed from the deposition and lithification of sediments
Rock
An aggregate of various minerals
Mineral
A naturally occurring chemical compound, usually found as cry…
44 terms
Geology rocks
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic
Igneous
Schist
Sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic
58 terms
Geology Rocks
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Muscovite
Sugary texture on sides... Cleavage: ... Luster: Dull
Streaks on cleavage planes (60/120 degree angles)... Cleavage:…
Cleavage: 2... Luster: Resinous
Cleavage: 1... Luster: Pearly
Olivine
Sugary texture on sides... Cleavage: ... Luster: Dull
Hornblende
Streaks on cleavage planes (60/120 degree angles)... Cleavage:…
32 terms
Geology 12 Sedimentary Rock Terms
Mud Crack
Permeability
Coal
Chemical Weathering
Sedimentary structures formed as mud dries up and cracks
The state/quality of rock or sediments that allow some liquid…
Sedimentary rock that forms from the preservation of plant ma…
When water and other chemicals react with rocks to break the…
Mud Crack
Sedimentary structures formed as mud dries up and cracks
Permeability
The state/quality of rock or sediments that allow some liquid…
Geology rocks
galena
magnetite
Chalcopyrite
Pyrite
.Mineral ... .Cleavage- cubic crystals... .steak color- gray to bla…
.Mineral... .Strongly magnetic... .Iron-blackish color... .metallic lu…
.mineral... .exhibits different colors but most of the time it i…
.mineral... .brassy yellow color (GOLD)... .fool's gold... .metallic l…
galena
.Mineral ... .Cleavage- cubic crystals... .steak color- gray to bla…
magnetite
.Mineral... .Strongly magnetic... .Iron-blackish color... .metallic lu…
56 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Quartz
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: more than 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Augite
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
57 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Olivine
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
72 terms
Geology- Type of Rocks
geology
igneous
igneous
igneous
Study of rocks
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
The oldest type of rock
Type of rock which makes up 80% of Earth's crust
geology
Study of rocks
igneous
Type of rock formed by heat or from molten rock
20 terms
Physical Geology Sedimentary Rocks
Detrital
clay, silt, sand, gravel
Clastic
A
This type of sedimentary rock is classified based on particle…
Rank the following particles from the smallest to largest in…
All detrital sedimentary rocks have a _________ texture.
A well-sorted sand has particles that are ... A.. all approximat…
Detrital
This type of sedimentary rock is classified based on particle…
clay, silt, sand, gravel
Rank the following particles from the smallest to largest in…
Rocks For Geology
rhyolite
galena
talc
calcite
bridges and cars
bullets and ammunition
talcum powder
tums and rolards
rhyolite
bridges and cars
galena
bullets and ammunition
31 terms
Geology Mid terms all rocks
sandstone
arkose
Graywacke
Siltstone
a medium grained clastic sedimentary rock consisting of sand-…
a sandstone containing at least 25% feldspar
a poorly sorted sandstone with at least 15% fine-grained matrix
a fine-grained, clastic sediment rock consisting of silt-size…
sandstone
a medium grained clastic sedimentary rock consisting of sand-…
arkose
a sandstone containing at least 25% feldspar
57 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Olivine
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
18 terms
Geology Lab terms-Igneous Rocks
Magma
Types of Magma
Origin
Intrusive
Molten rock material
Mafic, Ultramafic, Felsic, and Intermediate
Intrusive or Extrusive
Cool slowly underground, the are coarse-grained-so most of th…
Magma
Molten rock material
Types of Magma
Mafic, Ultramafic, Felsic, and Intermediate
48 terms
Geology Lab Mid-Term Rocks/Minerals
Augite/Pyroxene
Biotite
Calcite
Fluorite
Mineral... Hardness: 5.5-6... Cleavage: Fair, 2 planes at about 9…
Mineral... Hardness: 2.5-3.0... Cleavage: One Direction ... Color:…
Mineral... Hardness: 3... Cleavage: 3 Directions at 75 degrees... C…
Mineral... Hardness: 4... Cleavage: 4 places ... Color: Colorless;…
Augite/Pyroxene
Mineral... Hardness: 5.5-6... Cleavage: Fair, 2 planes at about 9…
Biotite
Mineral... Hardness: 2.5-3.0... Cleavage: One Direction ... Color:…
18 terms
Geology 3A - Rocks
igneous rock
magmatite
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
rock formed from cooled down magma or lava
igneous rock
rock that was formed from other rock as a result of metamorph…
rock formed from substances or loose particles of former rock…
igneous rock
rock formed from cooled down magma or lava
magmatite
igneous rock
57 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Olivine
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
17 terms
Geology Rocks
shale (#19)
slate (#29)
andesite (#11)
basalt (#8)
sedimentary rock... smooth... cleavage... not good for aquifer... foliate…
Metamorphic Rock... Shale is the prolith... Foliated, Grey Fat
igneous rock... fine-grained texture, intermediate composition... g…
igneous rock ... shield volcano... mafic, fine-grained... matte, black…
shale (#19)
sedimentary rock... smooth... cleavage... not good for aquifer... foliate…
slate (#29)
Metamorphic Rock... Shale is the prolith... Foliated, Grey Fat
39 terms
Geology Rocks
Corundum
Copper
Sphalerite
Limonite
streak: white... non metallic... no cleavage... hardness: 5.5+... short h…
streak: white... metallic... fracture... 2.5-5.5... malleability
streak: yellowish... metallic... 6, 60 and 20 degrees... 2.5-5.5... stron…
brown-red-orange... streak:yellow-orange... non metallic... fracture... 1…
Corundum
streak: white... non metallic... no cleavage... hardness: 5.5+... short h…
Copper
streak: white... metallic... fracture... 2.5-5.5... malleability
57 terms
Geology Mid-Term Rock Samples
Olivine
Hornblende
Augite
Biotite
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Luster: dull... Hardness: 5.5... Streak: greenish white... Cleavage: 2…
Luster: glassy... Hardness: less than 2.5... Streak: pale brown/gra…
Olivine
Luster: earthy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: fracture…
Hornblende
Luster: Glassy... Hardness: 6.5... Streak: white... Cleavage: 2 planes…
Geology: Rocks
Granite
Rhyolite
Andesite
Obsidian
Igneous, coarse, felsic
Igneous, fine, felsic
Igneous, poforitic (coarse + fine), intermediate
Igneous, glassy, felsic-intermediate, quartz
Granite
Igneous, coarse, felsic
Rhyolite
Igneous, fine, felsic
22 terms
Geology Rocks
Quartz
Biotite
Muscovite
Potassium Feldspar
Quartz
Biotite
32 terms
geology rocks
sphalerite
galena
pyrite
corundum
sphalerite
galena
Rocks - Geology
Galena
Magnetite
Hematite
Gypsum
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of Lead ... STREAK - Dark gray
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of iron ... STREAK - Gray ... PROPERTY - Magnetic
ECONOMIC USE - Redish pigment in Paint ... STREAK - Redish-Brown
ECONOMIC USE - In plaster & wall board ... HARDNESS - 2
Galena
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of Lead ... STREAK - Dark gray
Magnetite
ECONOMIC USE - Ore of iron ... STREAK - Gray ... PROPERTY - Magnetic
19 terms
Geology Rocks
Sandstone
Conglomerate
Fossiliferous Limestone
Shale
Clastic... Sedimentary
Clastic... Sedimentary
Clastic ... Sedimentary
Clastic ... Sedimentary
Sandstone
Clastic... Sedimentary
Conglomerate
Clastic... Sedimentary
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