Study sets matching "terms human biology"

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Study sets matching "terms human biology"

97 terms
Human Biology Mid-Term
The cell membrane is a __________ stru…
Throughout the life of the cell, parts…
Internalized membrane is replaced with…
In the seahorse, it is the male who ge…
dymanic
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
D. Reproduction
The cell membrane is a __________ stru…
dymanic
Throughout the life of the cell, parts…
Endocytosis
43 terms
Human Biology anatomical terms
head
skull
face
mouth
cephalic
cranial
facial
oral
head
cephalic
skull
cranial
11 terms
Directional Terms for Human Biology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Top
Bottom
Front
Back
Superior
Top
Inferior
Bottom
16 terms
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
Human biology (terms)
Tissues
Cells
Muscular tissue
Nervous tissue
ұлпа
клетка
бұлшықет ұлпасы
жүйке ұлпасы
Tissues
ұлпа
Cells
клетка
212 terms
Some Introductory Human Biology Terms and Illustrations
polar
nonpolar
solute
solvent
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Something dissolved in a solution.
Dissolving agent of a solution.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
75 terms
Human Biology Key Terms
ADP
ATP
Adhesive
Adipocyte
A nucleotide, that is composed of adenosine and two linked ph…
A nucleotide, that is composed of adenosine and three phospha…
Having the ability to stick to other surfaces.
cell specialized for the storage of fat, found in connective…
ADP
A nucleotide, that is composed of adenosine and two linked ph…
ATP
A nucleotide, that is composed of adenosine and three phospha…
80 terms
Human Biology Terms
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Circulatory
Protects against pathogens; regulates body temperature
Provides structure; protects internal organs; produces red bl…
Permits movement, maintains posture, moves food, cirulates bl…
Delivers nutrients, oxygen, ions, & hormones, remove metaboli…
Integumentary
Protects against pathogens; regulates body temperature
Skeletal
Provides structure; protects internal organs; produces red bl…
72 terms
Human Biology Heart Terms
Myocardium
Endocardium
Pericardium
Pericarditis
The muscular tissue of the heart.
Thin layer of very smooth tissue lining each chamber of the h…
Membrane that surrounds the heart.
Condition in which the pericardium becomes inflamed.
Myocardium
The muscular tissue of the heart.
Endocardium
Thin layer of very smooth tissue lining each chamber of the h…
Human Biology Muscle Terms
Synergist
Antagonist
Flexion
Extension
Muscle that assists a prime mover
A muscle that opposes the action of another
Bending a body part
Straightening a body part
Synergist
Muscle that assists a prime mover
Antagonist
A muscle that opposes the action of another
Human Biology Tissue Terms
simple squamos
why is it good epithelial cells are on…
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
single layer of flat cells ex: cells lining your heart, blood…
need to get blood so the quickest way is when its thin;difusion
cells are cube-shaped & one layer ex: cells in kidney tubules…
cells are taller than they are wide; nuclei all @ same level…
simple squamos
single layer of flat cells ex: cells lining your heart, blood…
why is it good epithelial cells are on…
need to get blood so the quickest way is when its thin;difusion
41 terms
Biology Human Body Terms
Cephalic
Frontal
Otic
Orbital
Head
Forehead
Ear
Eye cavity
Cephalic
Head
Frontal
Forehead
31 terms
Human Biology Terms
Palmer
Prone
Thoracic Cavity
Ventral
Surface of a person's hand
Person laying face down
The chest cavity, containing heart, lungs etc...
an animals underside
Palmer
Surface of a person's hand
Prone
Person laying face down
108 terms
Human Biology Terms
Cell membrane
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosomes
Golgi body
controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell.
a substance for chemical reactions, transport and storage of…
sites for protein manufacture.
concentrates, stores and packages materials for secretion fro…
Cell membrane
controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell.
Endoplasmic reticulum
a substance for chemical reactions, transport and storage of…
42 terms
Human Biology Terms
Human Biology
Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
the study of how the body is put together and how it works in…
the science of the structure of the body; the appearance and…
includes parts of the body that we can see with our eyes; als…
includes parts of the body that are too small to be seen with…
Human Biology
the study of how the body is put together and how it works in…
Anatomy
the science of the structure of the body; the appearance and…
Human Biology Terms
a-
ab-
alb-
angio-
lacking;none
away from; out from
white
vessel
a-
lacking;none
ab-
away from; out from
Human Biology Terms
Slow twitch fibers
Fast twitch fibers
Actin and myosin
Axial vs Appendicular Skeletons
These muscle fibers are found more in long distance runners.…
Fast twitch fibers are found more in sprinters. This is becau…
Actin and myosin are the two proteins that help muscle fibers…
The axial skeleton is made up of the head, rib cage, and spin…
Slow twitch fibers
These muscle fibers are found more in long distance runners.…
Fast twitch fibers
Fast twitch fibers are found more in sprinters. This is becau…
9 terms
1.2 human biology
the inner framework made up of all the…
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
a place in the body where two bones co…
strong connective tissue that holds bo…
skeleton
vertebrae
joint
ligament
the inner framework made up of all the…
skeleton
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
vertebrae
18 terms
Human Biology
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
anus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and t…
the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which…
esophagus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
stomach
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
Human Biology Terms
Pathogen
Antigen
antibody
humoral
an organism or virus that causes disease
A macromolecule that elicits an immune response by binding to…
a protein secreted by plasma cells that binds to a particular…
the branch of acquired immunity that involves the activation…
Pathogen
an organism or virus that causes disease
Antigen
A macromolecule that elicits an immune response by binding to…
26 terms
Human Biology Body Terms
cranium
cephalon
oris
mentis
skull
head
mouth
chin
cranium
skull
cephalon
head
47 terms
Human Biology Body Terms
Surperior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Above
Below
Front
Back
Surperior
Above
Inferior
Below
Human biology-anatomical terms
Anterior {ventral}
Posterior {dorsal}
Superior
Inferior
Body part is located toward the front. <----
Body part is located toward the back. . ---->
Body part is located above another part or toward the head^^
Body part is below another part or toward feet
Anterior {ventral}
Body part is located toward the front. <----
Posterior {dorsal}
Body part is located toward the back. . ---->
Human Biology Terms #8
Phag-:
-Phasia:
-Phil:
Phleb-:
To eat
Speech
Love
A vein
Phag-:
To eat
-Phasia:
Speech
Human Biology Terms #6
Macr
Mal
Mast
Mega
Large
Abnormal
Breast
Big
Macr
Large
Mal
Abnormal
Biology terms human body
Nervous
Muscular
Integumentary
Immune
Responses
Movement
Protection + temperature regulation (skin)
Protection from disease
Nervous
Responses
Muscular
Movement
20 terms
terms 2- human biology
-asis/-asia
astro-
atel-
aur-
state, condition
star
imperfect
ear
-asis/-asia
state, condition
astro-
star
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
human biology Heart terms
apex
base
pericardium
epicardium/ visceral pericardium
extends slightly to the left and rest on the diaphragm, appro…
It's broader from which the great vessels emerge, lies beneat…
walled fibrous sac
reflects downward at the base of the heart to form its compan…
apex
extends slightly to the left and rest on the diaphragm, appro…
base
It's broader from which the great vessels emerge, lies beneat…
Human Biology- Genetic Terms
Allele
Genes
Dominant
recessive
An allele is one of two or more versions of a gene.
A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity.…
hides or masks the other allele in the gene
Te gene that is masked by the dominant allele.
Allele
An allele is one of two or more versions of a gene.
Genes
A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity.…
20 terms
human biology- terms 3
chrom-, chromo-
circum-
-clast
colo-
color
around
broken
colon
chrom-, chromo-
color
circum-
around
46 terms
Human Biology Anatomy Terms
Acrominal
Axillary
Brachial
Antecubital
Shoulder
Arm pit
Bicep
Where arm bends
Acrominal
Shoulder
Axillary
Arm pit
18 terms
Human Biology - Term Four
What are hormones
Hypothalamus Gland
Thyroid Gland
Pancreas Gland
Chemical substances that act as messengers in the body
Links nervous system to the endocrine system.
Regulates metabolism.
Breaks down food after it has left the stomach.
What are hormones
Chemical substances that act as messengers in the body
Hypothalamus Gland
Links nervous system to the endocrine system.
Human Biology Terms 2
hiber-
homo-
hyrd-
hypo-
winter
same; alike
water
beneath;under;less
hiber-
winter
homo-
same; alike
37 terms
Human biology terms and concepts
Cell
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
...
...
...
...
Cell
...
Nucleus
...
20 terms
human Biology- terms 8
phag-
-phasia
-phil, -philia
phleb-
to eat
speech
love
a vein
phag-
to eat
-phasia
speech
Human Biology-Chapter 7 Terms
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
Platelets
Rh Factor
Transport oxygen to body tissues: transport carbon dioxide aw…
Defend the body against invading organisms, abnormal cells
Take part in blood clotting as part of the body's defense mec…
A red blood cell surface antigen, first discovered in rhesus…
Red Blood Cells
Transport oxygen to body tissues: transport carbon dioxide aw…
White Blood Cells
Defend the body against invading organisms, abnormal cells
14 terms
Human Biology - Anatomical terms
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Above
Below
Front
Back
Superior
Above
Inferior
Below
13 terms
Human Biology Regional Terms
Anterior(ventral)
Posterior(dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
Toward the front of the body
Toward the back of the body
Above another body part (near the head)
Below another body part (near the feet)
Anterior(ventral)
Toward the front of the body
Posterior(dorsal)
Toward the back of the body
20 terms
Human biology- terms 6
Macr-
Mal-
Mast-,masto-
Mega-
Large
Abnormal
Breast
Big
Macr-
Large
Mal-
Abnormal
20 terms
Human biology- term 5
Hyster-
-ia
Idi-
Ili-, Ilio-
Uterus
State or condition
Ones own
Iliac
Hyster-
Uterus
-ia
State or condition
13 terms
1.1 human biology
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
86 terms
Science Human Biology - Term 4
Sensory Neuron Identifications
Motor Neuron identifications
Relay Neuron identifications
Identify the parts of the central nerv…
- The cell body is located on a branch/off to the side of the…
- Cell body is located at one end of the cell ... - Dendrites ar…
- If cut in half, the neuron is symmetrical
Brain ... Spinal Cord... Receives information away from all over t…
Sensory Neuron Identifications
- The cell body is located on a branch/off to the side of the…
Motor Neuron identifications
- Cell body is located at one end of the cell ... - Dendrites ar…
Human Biology Muscle Vocab Terms
fascia
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
Sheet of dense connective tissue that encloses a muscle
Outer sheath of connective tissue surrounding a skeletal muscle
Sheath of connective tissue that encloses a bundle of skeleta…
Sheath of connective tissue surrounding each skeletal muscle…
fascia
Sheet of dense connective tissue that encloses a muscle
epimysium
Outer sheath of connective tissue surrounding a skeletal muscle
15 terms
Human biology CH 2 terms
Matter
Elements
Atoms
Protons
Has a weight & a mass that occupies space
Fundamentals of pure form of matter that contains only 1 type…
Smallest unit of any elements that still has physical & chemi…
+ charge, in nucleus, 1 AMU
Matter
Has a weight & a mass that occupies space
Elements
Fundamentals of pure form of matter that contains only 1 type…
88 terms
Biology - Regents - Human Body Systems Terms
organization
mitosis
differentiation
specialization
organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
cell division where the new cells come from the single cell w…
process in which a cell changes to have a special shape and f…
cells specialize by turning genes on or off
organization
organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
mitosis
cell division where the new cells come from the single cell w…
Human Biology Chapter 6
Skeletal Muscles
Origin
Insertion
Myofibrils
muscles that are usually attached to a bone and are responsib…
one end of a skeletal muscle that joins to a bone that remain…
the other end of the muscle that attaches to another bone acr…
collectively arranged in longitudinal bundles in muscle cells…
Skeletal Muscles
muscles that are usually attached to a bone and are responsib…
Origin
one end of a skeletal muscle that joins to a bone that remain…
term 4 - human biology
identify the parts of the central nerv…
describe the structure and function of…
distinguish between a sensory neuron,…
explain what a synapse is and describe…
...
...
...
...
identify the parts of the central nerv…
...
describe the structure and function of…
...
Science Human Biology - Term 4
Identify the parts of the central nerv…
What does the CNS do?
Identify the parts of the peripheral n…
What does the PNS do?
Brain, spinal cord
Receives information away from all over the body, processes t…
Cranial Nerves ... Spinal Nerves
Carries impulses from receptors to the CNS and away from the…
Identify the parts of the central nerv…
Brain, spinal cord
What does the CNS do?
Receives information away from all over the body, processes t…
17 terms
ch. 25 key terms human biology
chordate
notochord
endoskeleton
gill
Animals with a notochord, most have a backbone.
A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
A skeleton on the inside of a creature's body, typically comp…
Extensions of the body containing thin-walled blood vessels t…
chordate
Animals with a notochord, most have a backbone.
notochord
A rod of tough, flexible material that runs the length of a c…
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