Study sets matching "terms marine biology"

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Study sets matching "terms marine biology"

6 terms
Marine Biology terms
environment
aquatic
habitat
oceanography
The air, water, and land on earth
Living or happening in water
The natural home of a plant or animal
The scientific study of the ocean
environment
The air, water, and land on earth
aquatic
Living or happening in water
31 terms
Marine Biology
mutualism
commensalism
parasitism
symbiosis
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
definition: interaction between 2 different organisms living…
mutualism
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
commensalism
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
479 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary Terms
Aqua-Lung
Aquanauts
Archimedes' Principle
Bathyscaphe
A tank of compressed air that is strapped to the diver's back
Scientists who explore the undersea world
States that the buoyant force on any object is equal to the w…
A deep-diving vessel developed in the 1950's
Aqua-Lung
A tank of compressed air that is strapped to the diver's back
Aquanauts
Scientists who explore the undersea world
66 terms
Marine Biology Mid-Term
What is the thinnest layer of the Earth?
Why is science limited?
In which oceans did the Challenger exp…
What is density?
the crust
morals, ethics, values, cultures
all oceans except arctic ocean
mass per unit volume
What is the thinnest layer of the Earth?
the crust
Why is science limited?
morals, ethics, values, cultures
Marine Biology Vocabulary Terms
Marine biology
Scientific Method
Ecology
Biosphere
study of organisms that live in the ocean
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Marine biology
study of organisms that live in the ocean
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Marine Biology Terms
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Herbivore
Carnivore
An organism which makes it's own food from light energy or ch…
Organisms that consume other organisms as food. Organisms tha…
An organism which survives off plant matter. At the second tr…
An organism which consumes other animals. At the third trophi…
Autotroph
An organism which makes it's own food from light energy or ch…
Heterotroph
Organisms that consume other organisms as food. Organisms tha…
12 terms
Marine Biology Terms
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Herbivore
Carnivore
An organism which makes it's own food from light energy or ch…
Organisms that consume other organisms as food. Organisms tha…
An organism which survives off plant matter. At the second tr…
An organism which consumes other animals. At the third trophi…
Autotroph
An organism which makes it's own food from light energy or ch…
Heterotroph
Organisms that consume other organisms as food. Organisms tha…
53 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 8 Marine Fishes
Chordata
Vertebrata
Ichthyology
Agnatha
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
subphylum that includes animals in which the notochord has be…
study of fishes
class that includes jawless fish (hagfish and lampreys)
Chordata
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
Vertebrata
subphylum that includes animals in which the notochord has be…
7 terms
Marine Biology Marine Term definitions
Tidal Zonatation
Rocky Shores
Tidal Pools
Salt Marsh
Intertidal Zone, it also means Littoral Zone. The highest tid…
they are relatively flat with little surface relief, while ot…
are microcosms of the marine life found below the tide line,…
these habitats are very interesting because of the high diver…
Tidal Zonatation
Intertidal Zone, it also means Littoral Zone. The highest tid…
Rocky Shores
they are relatively flat with little surface relief, while ot…
39 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 8 Marine Fishes
Chordata
Vertebrate
Ichthyology
Agnatha
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
animals with backbone
study of fishes
class that includes jawless fish (hagfish and lampreys)
Chordata
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
Vertebrate
animals with backbone
25 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 12 Vocab
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Hershey and Chase
Erwin Chargaff
- performed the 1st major experiment that led to the discover…
- identified DNA as the molecule that transformed the R strai…
- used radioactive labelling techniques to trace DNA and prot…
- analyzed the amount of A/T/C/G in DNA of various species an…
Frederick Griffith
- performed the 1st major experiment that led to the discover…
Oswald Avery
- identified DNA as the molecule that transformed the R strai…
33 terms
Marine Biology Term C
Calcareous
Carrying capacity
Carnivore
Catadromous fish
Made of calcium carbonate
The total number of individuals of a population that a given…
An organism that captures and consumes animals
Fish that spawns in seawater but feed and spends most of its…
Calcareous
Made of calcium carbonate
Carrying capacity
The total number of individuals of a population that a given…
29 terms
Marine Biology vocab terms
radiant energy
angle of isolation
sea breeze
land breeze
energy from the sun that travels as rays
angle at which the sun's rays strike the Earth's surface
wind from the ocean that's toward the land
wind from the land that's towards the sea
radiant energy
energy from the sun that travels as rays
angle of isolation
angle at which the sun's rays strike the Earth's surface
254 terms
Marine Biology Terms
oceanography
marine biology
plankton
hypothesis
the study of the oceans and their phenomena, such as waves, c…
the study of the living organisms that inhabit the seas and o…
Microscopic marine organisms that inhabit the upper levels of…
an explanation for observed events that can be tested by expe…
oceanography
the study of the oceans and their phenomena, such as waves, c…
marine biology
the study of the living organisms that inhabit the seas and o…
19 terms
Marine Biology Term B
Bathypelagic zone
Benthic-pelagic coupling
Benthos
Berm
The 2,000 to 4,000-m-depth zone seaward of the shelf-slope br…
The cycling of nutrients between the bottom sediments and ove…
Organisms that live associated with the sea bottom. Examples…
A broad area of low relief in the upper part of a beach
Bathypelagic zone
The 2,000 to 4,000-m-depth zone seaward of the shelf-slope br…
Benthic-pelagic coupling
The cycling of nutrients between the bottom sediments and ove…
23 terms
Marine Biology
Sponge
Jellyfish
Fan Coral
Sea Anemone
Porifera
Cnidarian
Sponge
Porifera
Jellyfish
Cnidarian
Marine Biology
Pacific Ocean Basin
Atlantic Ocean Basin
Indian Ocean Basin
Arctic Ocean Basin
largest ocean basin... The "Ring of Fire" encircles the:... largest…
20% of surface of the Earth, 2nd largest ocean
3rd largest ocean basin... marine trade zone that connected East…
smallest and shallowest ocean
Pacific Ocean Basin
largest ocean basin... The "Ring of Fire" encircles the:... largest…
Atlantic Ocean Basin
20% of surface of the Earth, 2nd largest ocean
24 terms
Marine biology
Coriolis force
Thermocline
Three properties of seawater
Halocline
The force that, owing to the rotation (spin) of the earth, de…
In water, a distinctive temperature transition zone that sepa…
1. temperature... 2. Salinity... 3. Density
sharp salinity change with depth... before the 1000 m
Coriolis force
The force that, owing to the rotation (spin) of the earth, de…
Thermocline
In water, a distinctive temperature transition zone that sepa…
Random Terms, Marine Biology
poikilotherm
homeotherm
ovoviviparous
viviparous
an organism whose internal temperature varies considerably. I…
Warm-blooded Animals, temperature regulation represents the b…
organisms that employ a mode of reproduction in animals in wh…
bringing forth live young that have developed inside the body…
poikilotherm
an organism whose internal temperature varies considerably. I…
homeotherm
Warm-blooded Animals, temperature regulation represents the b…
48 terms
History of Marine Biology Terms
4000 BC Polynesians
3200 BC Egyptians
1000 BC Phoenicians
314 BC Pytheas
earliest known long distance open ocean sailors
had the earliest recorded sea voyage
established the first trade routes through the Mediterranean…
found out that one can predict tides based on the phases of t…
4000 BC Polynesians
earliest known long distance open ocean sailors
3200 BC Egyptians
had the earliest recorded sea voyage
17 terms
Marine Biology L7
Plate boundaries
divergent boundary
convergent boudary
transform boundary
Earth's crust is broken (fault) and rocks slip past each othe…
The boundary between two tectonic plates that are moving away…
The boundary where two plates are moving toward each other
The boundary where two plates move past each other in opposit…
Plate boundaries
Earth's crust is broken (fault) and rocks slip past each othe…
divergent boundary
The boundary between two tectonic plates that are moving away…
114 terms
Marine Biology Midterm Terms
Columbus
Magellan
Cooke
Erickson
rediscovered North America
first to sail around the world
first European to make scientific observations of the Pacific…
led the vikings to discover North America and called it Vinland
Columbus
rediscovered North America
Magellan
first to sail around the world
11 terms
biology terms for marine
prokaryote
eukaryote
protozoan
unicellular
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
An animal-like protist
Made of a single cell
prokaryote
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
25 terms
Marine Biology: Marine fish
Lancelets (Cephalochordata)
Characteristic features of vertebrates
Type of Marine fish
Jawless Fish (Agnatha)
- Possess all chordate features as an adult... - Fish-like body…
- Backbone (vertebrae to enclose and protect the nerve cord)…
Agnatha (jawless fishes)... Hagfishes... Lampreys... Chondrichthyes (c…
Basic Characteristics:... Lampreys and hagfishes (slime eels)... Mu…
Lancelets (Cephalochordata)
- Possess all chordate features as an adult... - Fish-like body…
Characteristic features of vertebrates
- Backbone (vertebrae to enclose and protect the nerve cord)…
Marine Biology
Oceanic crust
Continental crust
Plate tectonics
Mid-ocean ridge
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains basa…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarilycontians grani…
A process involving the movement of large plateson the earth'…
A continuos chain of underwater volcanic mountians encompassi…
Oceanic crust
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains basa…
Continental crust
The portion of the earth's crust that primarilycontians grani…
Marine Biology vocab terms
radiant energy
angle of isolation
sea breeze
land breeze
energy from the sun that travels as rays
angle at which the sun's rays strike the Earth's surface
wind from the ocean that's toward the land
wind from the land that's towards the sea
radiant energy
energy from the sun that travels as rays
angle of isolation
angle at which the sun's rays strike the Earth's surface
65 terms
Marine Biology MidTerm
Describe one tool/method for measuring…
What do the terms halo cline and therm…
Nitrification and Denitrification: Who…
Eutrophication is caused by excess nut…
conductivity probe- measures electrical potential and current…
halocline- area of constant change in salinity... thermocline-…
Bacteria carries both of these processes out.... Nitrification-…
Causes- runoff from factories, households, people, rain.... Thi…
Describe one tool/method for measuring…
conductivity probe- measures electrical potential and current…
What do the terms halo cline and therm…
halocline- area of constant change in salinity... thermocline-…
Marine Biology vocab terms
radiant energy
angle of isolation
sea breeze
land breeze
energy from the sun that travels as rays
angle at which the sun's rays strike the Earth's surface
wind from the ocean that's toward the land
wind from the land that's towards the sea
radiant energy
energy from the sun that travels as rays
angle of isolation
angle at which the sun's rays strike the Earth's surface
24 terms
Marine biology- Chapter 4
ripple
swell
tsunami
fetch
A small wave
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
A huge destructive wave (especially one caused by an earthqua…
The distance that the wind has traveled across open water
ripple
A small wave
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
116 terms
Marine Biology
Oceanography
James Cook
Zonation
Remote Sensing
Geography, Physics, Chemical, Biology oceanography.
Englishman ... began bringing naturalist on his expeditions to o…
the presence of organisms in a particular zone.... -organisms wi…
satellites are used to view expanses of the ocean's surface.…
Oceanography
Geography, Physics, Chemical, Biology oceanography.
James Cook
Englishman ... began bringing naturalist on his expeditions to o…
12 terms
Marine Biology Key Terms
Ocean productivity
Oceanography
Marine Biology
Plankton
The amount of food marine organisms can produce and the numbe…
Study of the oceans and their Phenomena, such as their waves,…
The study of living organisms that inhabit the seas and their…
the small and microscopic organisms drifting or floating in t…
Ocean productivity
The amount of food marine organisms can produce and the numbe…
Oceanography
Study of the oceans and their Phenomena, such as their waves,…
Marine Biology Terms
oceanography
marine biology
science
hypothesis
the study of the oceans and their phenomena, such as waves, c…
the study of the living organisms that inhabit the seas and o…
the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the syst…
an explanation for observed events that can be tested by expe…
oceanography
the study of the oceans and their phenomena, such as waves, c…
marine biology
the study of the living organisms that inhabit the seas and o…
Marine Biology Terms
Shoal
School
Hydrodynamic efficiency
Reduced predation risk
Any group of fish that remain together for any social reason
A polarized, synchronized shoal
Individuals obtain reduction in drag by following in "slip-st…
Creates patchy distribution of prey- large areas with no prey…
Shoal
Any group of fish that remain together for any social reason
School
A polarized, synchronized shoal
Marine Biology Terms
Endotherm
Ectotherm
Poikilotherm
Homeotherm
An animal whose internal body temperature is a result of inte…
An organism whose body temperature is controlled by its surro…
An organism whose body temperature changes with its surroundi…
An animal that maintains a controlled internal body temperatu…
Endotherm
An animal whose internal body temperature is a result of inte…
Ectotherm
An organism whose body temperature is controlled by its surro…
21 terms
Marine biology terms
Define
What do you understand by / what is me…
State
List
A formal statement or equivalent paraphrase being required
Normally implies that the definition should be given together…
Implies a concise answer with little or no supporting argument
Write a number of points generally each one word with no elab…
Define
A formal statement or equivalent paraphrase being required
What do you understand by / what is me…
Normally implies that the definition should be given together…
49 terms
marine biology terms
symbiosis
commensalism
lichen
osmosis
the relationship between two independent organisms
relationship between two organisms where one benefits and the…
symbiosis between a fungus and algae
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
symbiosis
the relationship between two independent organisms
commensalism
relationship between two organisms where one benefits and the…
Marine biology terms
Hypothermal vent communities: Benthic…
Benthic Zone Gigantism
Benthic Zone Feeding
Deep Sea subdivision: 1. Bathypelagic,…
PP- Bacteria, PC-Shrimp, SC-Squid
Decrease Metabolism=increased Growth
infauna/epifauna=mostly deposit feeders
1. 1000-4000... 2. 4000-6000... 3. below 6000m
Hypothermal vent communities: Benthic…
PP- Bacteria, PC-Shrimp, SC-Squid
Benthic Zone Gigantism
Decrease Metabolism=increased Growth
Marine Biology - Marine Mammals
rookery
elephant seals
stellar sea lion
humpback whale
a breeding beach for some seals and sea lions
the largest pinniped species, the bulls (males) have a unique…
largest otariidae in Alaska, for unknown reasons, they have s…
cetacean known for its large pectoral fins, its mating songs,…
rookery
a breeding beach for some seals and sea lions
elephant seals
the largest pinniped species, the bulls (males) have a unique…
21 terms
Marine Biology Terms
Dorsal
Ventral
Lateral
Anterior
Backside
Toward the front
Away from the midline of the body
Located towards the front of the body
Dorsal
Backside
Ventral
Toward the front
12 terms
Marine Biology Key terms
Ocean Productivity
Oceanography
Marine Biology
Plankton
The production of organic matter by photosynthetic and chemos…
The study of the oceans and their phenomena, such as waves, c…
The study of the living organisms that inhabit the seas and o…
Organisms that float or drift in the seas currents
Ocean Productivity
The production of organic matter by photosynthetic and chemos…
Oceanography
The study of the oceans and their phenomena, such as waves, c…
100 terms
Marine Biology Terms
Plankton
Three Types of Plankton
Holoplankton
Meroplankton
organisms that live in the water column, too small to swim co…
Phytoplankton (primary producers, photosynthesis), Zooplankto…
Permanent residents ex. sea slug
Temporary residents ex. octopus
Plankton
organisms that live in the water column, too small to swim co…
Three Types of Plankton
Phytoplankton (primary producers, photosynthesis), Zooplankto…
119 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
What is smallest unit of matter?
3 parts of an atom
examples of elements
How many known elements are there?
atom
proton, neutron, electron
hydrogen (H), carbon (C), oxygen (O), calcium (Ca), Nitrogen…
100
What is smallest unit of matter?
atom
3 parts of an atom
proton, neutron, electron
5 terms
Marine Biology Terms
Habitat
Bioluminescence
Bathypelagic Zone
Endemic
The immediate space where an animal or plant lives and has fo…
The light produced by living organisms and the emission of th…
The zone of the ocean that extends from 1000 meters to 4000 m…
An animal or plant species that naturally occurs in only one…
Habitat
The immediate space where an animal or plant lives and has fo…
Bioluminescence
The light produced by living organisms and the emission of th…
20 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 1 The Science of Marine Biology
marine biology
oceanography
Phoenicians
Aristotle
study of life in the ocean
study of the earth's oceans
first western navigators in 2,000 BC
first marine biologist; described marine animals; observed gi…
marine biology
study of life in the ocean
oceanography
study of the earth's oceans
Marine Biology Terms
Elasmobranchii
Teleostei
Phytoplankton
Oviparous Animals
A subclass of Chondrichthyes or cartilagions fish that includ…
One of the three infrclasses in class Actinopterygii, the ray…
Microscopic organisms that inhabit the upper sunlit layer of…
Animals that lay eggs
Elasmobranchii
A subclass of Chondrichthyes or cartilagions fish that includ…
Teleostei
One of the three infrclasses in class Actinopterygii, the ray…
Biology Marine Terms
Rivers and Streams
Lakes and Ponds
littoral zone
limnetic zone
characterized by moving water in a single direction
an inland body of standing still water
shallow area closest to shore. the abundance of light allows…
open water area that is well lit and dominated by plankton. M…
Rivers and Streams
characterized by moving water in a single direction
Lakes and Ponds
an inland body of standing still water
6 terms
marine biology terms
trawl
Ichthyology
pinnipeds
Polychaete
fish with a trawl net or seine.... "the boats trawled for flound…
the study of fishes, both salt and freshwater species.
seals, sea lions, and the walrus
polyphyletic class of annelid worms, generally marine
trawl
fish with a trawl net or seine.... "the boats trawled for flound…
Ichthyology
the study of fishes, both salt and freshwater species.
79 terms
Marine Biology Terms
Symbiosis
Parasitism
Mutualism
Commensalism
The relationship between two independent organisms
A relationship between two organisms where one benefits and o…
Relationship between two or more organisms where both benefit
Relationship between two organisms where on benefits and the…
Symbiosis
The relationship between two independent organisms
Parasitism
A relationship between two organisms where one benefits and o…
Marine Biology Terms
Ectotherm
Poikilotherm
Endotherms
Homeotherms
Generate body heat metabolically, but cannot... maintain constan…
Body temperature mimics the surrounding environment. They do…
Generate body heat metabolically and body temperature does no…
These organisms retain metabolic heat and can control metabol…
Ectotherm
Generate body heat metabolically, but cannot... maintain constan…
Poikilotherm
Body temperature mimics the surrounding environment. They do…
67 terms
Marine Biology Terms
Latitude
Longitude
Prime Meridian
Budget
Horizontal Lines that run parallel to the equator
Vertical lines that run East and West of the Prime Meridian
Meridians are each 15° apart
The amount of money needed for expenses over a given period
Latitude
Horizontal Lines that run parallel to the equator
Longitude
Vertical lines that run East and West of the Prime Meridian
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