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Study sets matching "terms tissue biology 223"

32 terms
Connective Tissues- Biology 223
Areolar C.T... Composed of; Collagen and…
Adipose C.T... Composed of; closely packe…
Reticular C.T... Composed of; reticular f…
Dense Regular C.T... Composed of; Paralle…
Areolar C.T... Composed of; Collagen and…
Adipose C.T... Composed of; closely packe…
50 terms
Biology 223 Exam 1: Tissues
Tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nerv…
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
A group of cells attached together by cellular junctions... •for…
4 types of tissues
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities a…
Protects and supports the body and it's organs... •various types…
Tissue
A group of cells attached together by cellular junctions... •for…
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nerv…
4 types of tissues
33 terms
Biology 223 Muscular Tissue 10.2
Large connective tissue sheets that wr…
Fascia allows free movement; carries n…
Epimysium
Fascicle
Fascia
Muscles
Large connective tissue sheets that wr…
Fascia
Fascia allows free movement; carries n…
Muscles
Biology 223 Lab #2 Tissues
Areolar Connective Tissue
Areolar Connective Tissue
Areolar Connective Tissue
Adipose Connective Tissue
What tissue is this?
What tissue is this?
What tissue is this?
What tissue is this?
Areolar Connective Tissue
What tissue is this?
Areolar Connective Tissue
What tissue is this?
55 terms
Biology 223 (Chapter 4) "Introduction to Tissues"
Tissues are made of _______
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
many cells
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
Includes: Epithelia and Glands... Covers and exposes surfac…
Fills internal spaces, supports other tissue (bone, cartilage…
Tissues are made of _______
many cells
Four types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
11 terms
Biology 223 Muscular Tissue 10.1
3 types of muscle tissue
What are the 4 functions of muscle tis…
Muscular tissue has 4 special properti…
Striated muscle fibers (cells) that fo…
skeletal, cardiac & smooth
1. producing body movements ... 2. stabilizing body positions... 3.…
1. Electrical excitability... 2. Contractility... 3. Extensibility…
Cardiac muscle tissue
3 types of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac & smooth
What are the 4 functions of muscle tis…
1. producing body movements ... 2. stabilizing body positions... 3.…
13 terms
Biology 223 Exam 1: Directional Terms
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the head, or the upper part of a structure... •Ex: The h…
Away from the head, or lower part of a structure... •Ex: The st…
Nearer to or at the front of the body... •Ex: The sternum (brea…
Nearer to or at the back of the body... •Ex: The esophagus (foo…
Superior
Toward the head, or the upper part of a structure... •Ex: The h…
Inferior
Away from the head, or lower part of a structure... •Ex: The st…
18 terms
Human Biology Tissue Terms
simple squamos
why is it good epithelial cells are on…
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
single layer of flat cells ex: cells lining your heart, blood…
need to get blood so the quickest way is when its thin;difusion
cells are cube-shaped & one layer ex: cells in kidney tubules…
cells are taller than they are wide; nuclei all @ same level…
simple squamos
single layer of flat cells ex: cells lining your heart, blood…
why is it good epithelial cells are on…
need to get blood so the quickest way is when its thin;difusion
49 terms
Developmental Biology UVM Chapter One Terms (BIOL 223-A)
development
zygote
embryology
embryogenesis
slow process of progressive change
fertilized egg cell
the study of animal development
the stages of development between fertilization and hatching…
development
slow process of progressive change
zygote
fertilized egg cell
97 terms
Altered Cellular & Tissue Biology Terms
abrasion
adaption
aging
algor mortis
the process of scraping or wearing away
is a reversible, structural, or functional response both to n…
normal physiologic process that is both universal and inevita…
postmortem reduction of body temperature
abrasion
the process of scraping or wearing away
adaption
is a reversible, structural, or functional response both to n…
98 terms
Chapter 3 Terms - Altered Cellular and Tissue Biology
abrasion
adaptation
aging
algor mortis
results from removal of the superficial layers of the skin ca…
A reversable, structural, or functional response both to norm…
time-dependent loss of structure and function
postmortem reduction in body temp
abrasion
results from removal of the superficial layers of the skin ca…
adaptation
A reversable, structural, or functional response both to norm…
80 terms
Med Term: Chapter 4 - Tissue and Cell Biology
Tissues
Organs
Cell
ATP
specialized cells working together
made up of tissues working together for a specialized function
basic unit of life
energy compound
Tissues
specialized cells working together
Organs
made up of tissues working together for a specialized function
116 terms
Altered Cellular and Tissue Biology Key Terms
acute mountain sickness (AMS)
adaptation
algor mortis
anoxia
the presence of a combination of nonspecific symptoms that ap…
a reversible, structural, or functional response to both norm…
postmortem reduction of body temperature
total lack of oxygen
acute mountain sickness (AMS)
the presence of a combination of nonspecific symptoms that ap…
adaptation
a reversible, structural, or functional response to both norm…
38 terms
Altered Cellular and Tissue Biology Key Terms
apoptosis
necrosis
metaplasia
dysplasia
programmed cell death prompted by a genetic signal and design…
disorderly process associated with inflammation - related to…
cell adaptation caused by chronic injury or irritation
cell adaptation caused by persistent severe injury or irritat…
apoptosis
programmed cell death prompted by a genetic signal and design…
necrosis
disorderly process associated with inflammation - related to…
80 terms
Med Term: Chapter 4 - Tissue and Cell Biology
Tissues
Organs
Cell
ATP
specialized cells working together
made up of tissues working together for a specialized function
basic unit of life
energy compound
Tissues
specialized cells working together
Organs
made up of tissues working together for a specialized function
175 terms
EXSC223 Exam 1, session #8 tissues, session #7 tissues, session #6, session #5, #4 cell biology, session #3 cell biology, Session #2 Cell Biology, Session #1 - Chapters 1 and 2, Session #1 1.21.15 - cell biology
peroxisomes
cytoskeleton
cholesterol
glycocalyx
contain enzymes that catalyze oxidation reactions using catal…
composed of actin filaments, intermediate filaments, microtub…
stabilizes the membrane by:... -increases rigidity at higher te…
branching sugar groups attached to proteins facing the extrac…
peroxisomes
contain enzymes that catalyze oxidation reactions using catal…
cytoskeleton
composed of actin filaments, intermediate filaments, microtub…
32 terms
Chapter 5: Tissues. (Advanced Biology key terms.)
Tissue
Histology
Epithelial tissue function
Epithelial tissue location
Layers or groups of similar cells with a common function
The study of tissues
Function: Protection, secretion, absorption excretion
Covers body surface, lines internal organs, compose glands.
Tissue
Layers or groups of similar cells with a common function
Histology
The study of tissues
98 terms
Exam 1: Altered cellular and tissue biology terms
Abrasion
Adaptation
Aging
Algor mortis
Superficial damage to skin no deeper than epidermis
...
...
Second stage of death, drop in body's temperature
Abrasion
Superficial damage to skin no deeper than epidermis
Adaptation
...
98 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 3 Terms - Altered Cellular and Tissue Biology
abrasion
adaptation
aging
algor mortis
results from removal of the superficial layers of the skin ca…
A reversable, structural, or functional response both to norm…
time-dependent loss of structure and function
postmortem reduction in body temp
abrasion
results from removal of the superficial layers of the skin ca…
adaptation
A reversable, structural, or functional response both to norm…
98 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 3 Terms - Altered Cellular and Tissue Biology
abrasion
adaptation
aging
algor mortis
results from removal of the superficial layers of the skin ca…
A reversable, structural, or functional response both to norm…
time-dependent loss of structure and function
postmortem reduction in body temp
abrasion
results from removal of the superficial layers of the skin ca…
adaptation
A reversable, structural, or functional response both to norm…
27 terms
Key Terms: Cells, Tissues, & Organs (Unit 2 Biology)
Bacteria
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
A group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause disease.…
The smallest unit that is able to perform the basic functions…
The outer boundary of the cytoplasm, a protective covering en…
A protective outer covering that lies just outside the cell m…
Bacteria
A group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause disease.…
Cell
The smallest unit that is able to perform the basic functions…
35 terms
Biology Key Terms- Animal tissues, organs and organ systems
Insoluble
Soluble
Enzyme
Sphincter
Cannot dissolve
Can dissolve
A biological molecule that speeds up a chemical reaction
A ring of muscle that can open or close a tube
Insoluble
Cannot dissolve
Soluble
Can dissolve
33 terms
Biology Unit 2.1 - Cells, Tissues and Organs key terms
Aerobic Respiration
Amino Acid
Asexual Budding
Bacterial Colony
Breaking down food using oxygen to release the cells.
The building blocks of protein.
A form of Asexual reproduction where a complete new individua…
A population of billions of bacteria grown in culture.
Aerobic Respiration
Breaking down food using oxygen to release the cells.
Amino Acid
The building blocks of protein.
37 terms
SOM TERM 1 LEC 5 (Histology & Cell Biology)(Connective Tissue images)
Areolar connective tissue
fibroblasts
Mast cell + elastic fibers
elastic fibers
Areolar connective tissue
fibroblasts
22 terms
BIOL 223 -Chapter 4 -Tissue
Name of the four basic tissues?
Whar is the epithelial Tissue?
What is the plural word of "epithelium"
Function of Epithelial Tissues?
1/ Epithelial Tissue... 2/ Connective tissue... 3/ Muscular Tissue…
It consists of cells arranged in continuous sheets, in either…
Epithelia
1/ selective barrier that limits or aids the transfer of subs…
Name of the four basic tissues?
1/ Epithelial Tissue... 2/ Connective tissue... 3/ Muscular Tissue…
Whar is the epithelial Tissue?
It consists of cells arranged in continuous sheets, in either…
67 terms
SOM TERM 1 LEC 5 (Histology & Cell Biology)(Connective Tissue 1& 2)
permanent residents of CT
what are the most common cells in conn…
what do they look like in embyro?
classification of connective tissue pr…
fibroblasts... adipose cell... macrophages/monocyte... mast cells... mese…
fibroblasts... fibroblasts-fibrocytes... myofibroblasts-wound heali…
fat nuclei
loose... Dense-regular, irregular
permanent residents of CT
fibroblasts... adipose cell... macrophages/monocyte... mast cells... mese…
what are the most common cells in conn…
fibroblasts... fibroblasts-fibrocytes... myofibroblasts-wound heali…
155 terms
Biol 223 Exam 4 Chapter 11 Nervous Tissue
Primary function of the nervous system
Functions of the CNS
The PNS is divided into
Nerves
keep controlled conditions within the limits that maintain li…
processing incoming sensory information... producing thoughts, e…
somatic nervous system (SNS), autonomic nervous system (ANS),…
bundle of hundreds to thousands of axon plus their associated…
Primary function of the nervous system
keep controlled conditions within the limits that maintain li…
Functions of the CNS
processing incoming sensory information... producing thoughts, e…
26 terms
BIOL223: Ch.4 Pt.2 Connective Tissue
Fibroblasts
Fibroblasts
Fibrocytes
Mesenchymal
(Fibroblasts/Fibrocytes) are the most abundant cell type.
(Fibroblasts/Fibrocytes) secretes proteins and has extracellu…
(Fibroblasts/Fibrocytes) maintain fibers.
______________ cells respond to damage by producing daughter…
Fibroblasts
(Fibroblasts/Fibrocytes) are the most abundant cell type.
Fibroblasts
(Fibroblasts/Fibrocytes) secretes proteins and has extracellu…
25 terms
Biol 223: Lab 2
what can pass through a selectively pe…
osmosis
solute
solvent
small molecules
the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
individually dispersed substance
dissolving medium
what can pass through a selectively pe…
small molecules
osmosis
the diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
83 terms
LECTURE Biol 223 - Chapter 1
ANATOMY (definition)
PHYSIOLOGY (definition)
How are ANATOMY + PHYSIOLOGY related?
What are the subdivisions of ANATOMY?…
study of STRUCTURES of body parts... =Greek "to cut apart"
study of FUNCTIONS of body parts... =Greek "study of nature/li…
A+P go hand in hand; anatomical knowledge is useful in suppor…
ANATOMY [Mm = RSS + ch]... 1. Gross (Macroscopic)... a. Regional…
ANATOMY (definition)
study of STRUCTURES of body parts... =Greek "to cut apart"
PHYSIOLOGY (definition)
study of FUNCTIONS of body parts... =Greek "study of nature/li…
44 terms
Biol 223: Lab 3
fibers
ground substance
matrix
collagen fibers
-made up of protein... -secreted by fibroblasts
amorphous (formless), gel-like substance surrounding the cells
fibers + ground substance
give strength to tissue
fibers
-made up of protein... -secreted by fibroblasts
ground substance
amorphous (formless), gel-like substance surrounding the cells
65 terms
A&P Key Terms- Chapter 3: Cell Biology and Chapter 4: Tissues & Membranes
active transport
ATP
atrophy
benign
the movement of materials from low concentration to high conc…
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate - energy storing molecule "battery…
Decrease in size and number of cells
gentle; kindly
active transport
the movement of materials from low concentration to high conc…
ATP
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate - energy storing molecule "battery…
29 terms
Bio 223: Lab Session 2
Simple Squamous ET
Simple Cuboidal ET
Simple Columnar ET
Stratified Squamous ET Keratinized
Function: Allows for easy movement of molecules across membra…
Function: secretion and absorption... Location: kidney tubules,…
Function: absorption, secretion, and protection... Location: Lin…
Function: protection against pathogens, abrasion, and chemica…
Simple Squamous ET
Function: Allows for easy movement of molecules across membra…
Simple Cuboidal ET
Function: secretion and absorption... Location: kidney tubules,…
263 terms
Tissue Slides (Plus info useful in identification), Human Biology Terms Definitions & Pics: Anatomical Directional terms, Body Regions, Planes & Cavities/ 11 Major Body Systems
Simple Cell Layering
Stratified Cell Layering
Squamous
Cuboidal
Epithelial Cells of one layer thick
Epithelial Cells of more than one layer
Cells of a flattened shape
Cells of a cube shape
Simple Cell Layering
Epithelial Cells of one layer thick
Stratified Cell Layering
Epithelial Cells of more than one layer
24 terms
BIOL 223 LAB 1
Microscope parts
Resolution
4 basic tissue types
squamous
ocular... nose piece... arm... objectives... mechanical stage... stage... coars…
primary function of a microscope that enables the observer to…
epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle and nerve tissue
flattened cells
Microscope parts
ocular... nose piece... arm... objectives... mechanical stage... stage... coars…
Resolution
primary function of a microscope that enables the observer to…
94 terms
BIOL223: Ch.6- Osseous Tissue; Bone Structure
CT
wrist(ankle)
scapulae
toes
The skeletal system includes bones of the skeleton, cartilage…
Short bones are small and thick. Ex: ______ bones.
Flat bones are thin with parallel surfaces. Ex: skull, sternu…
Long bones are long and thin. They are found in arms, legs, h…
CT
The skeletal system includes bones of the skeleton, cartilage…
wrist(ankle)
Short bones are small and thick. Ex: ______ bones.
45 terms
BIO LAB#2 223
extracellular matrix
3 types of fibers in connective tissue
Collagen Fibers
Elastic Fibers
large amount of material between the cells
Collagen fibers... elastic fibers... Reticular Fibers
are very strong and have fine rope like structures. ... Have gre…
are able to stretch and return to their original shape. These…
extracellular matrix
large amount of material between the cells
3 types of fibers in connective tissue
Collagen fibers... elastic fibers... Reticular Fibers
29 terms
Bio 223
Frontal Lobe
Precentral gyrus
Postcentral gyrus
Central Sulcus
Frontal Lobe
Precentral gyrus
8 terms
Bio 223 Chapter 53
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Monocytes
Macrophages
Phagocytize and kill bacteria; mediate inflammation.
Release chemicals that kill parasites; phagocytize certain pa…
Develop into macrophages
Phagocytize microbes; mediate inflammation; present antigens…
Neutrophils
Phagocytize and kill bacteria; mediate inflammation.
Eosinophils
Release chemicals that kill parasites; phagocytize certain pa…
129 terms
Biol 223 Lab 5 - Bone Histology & Axial Skeleton
Sutural bones
Flat bones
Long bones
Sesamoid bones
- Small, flat bones found within the skull sutures... - High deg…
- Thin like a plate... - Protect underlying structures... - Large s…
- Longer than wide... - Most common type of bone... - Range from ve…
- Small, flat bones... - Develop inside tendons... - Everyone has p…
Sutural bones
- Small, flat bones found within the skull sutures... - High deg…
Flat bones
- Thin like a plate... - Protect underlying structures... - Large s…
31 terms
LAB #1 CSN BIOL 223 FALL
Eyepiece, nose piece, objectives, stag…
Arm, Fine adjustment Knob, coarse adju…
adreanal gland... (above kidney)
Anatomy of Major Organs
Whats this?
Whats this?
Whats this
Eyepiece, nose piece, objectives, stag…
Whats this?
Arm, Fine adjustment Knob, coarse adju…
Whats this?
Biology 223- Chapter 13
18 inches
1/2 inch
L1 & L2
Posterior Median Sulcus and Anterior m…
Spinal Cord is about how long?
Spinal cord is about how wide?
Spinal cord ends between which Vertebra?
What are the 2 grooves that divide the Spinal Cord between Le…
18 inches
Spinal Cord is about how long?
1/2 inch
Spinal cord is about how wide?
47 terms
Biology 223 Chapter 7
Axial Skeleton
Functions of axial skeleton
Skull functions
Cranial Bones
80 bones... 8 cranial bones... 14 facial bones... 6 auditory ossicles…
supports and protects organs... attaches to muscles of head neck…
Protects the brain and entrances to respiratory and digestive…
enclose cranial cavity which contained the brain, fluids, ves…
Axial Skeleton
80 bones... 8 cranial bones... 14 facial bones... 6 auditory ossicles…
Functions of axial skeleton
supports and protects organs... attaches to muscles of head neck…
63 terms
BIOL 223 - Chap 12 - Nervous Tissue
Cortex
Nucleus / Nuclei
Ganglion / Ganglia
White Matter
(Cerebral Cortex) The thin, convoluted surface layer of gray…
A cluster of neuronal cell bodies located in the CNS.
A cluster of neuronal cell bodies located in the PNS.
Composed primarily of myelinated axons.
Cortex
(Cerebral Cortex) The thin, convoluted surface layer of gray…
Nucleus / Nuclei
A cluster of neuronal cell bodies located in the CNS.
17 terms
Biology 223 (Chapter 5) "Integumentary System"
Two parts of the integumentary system
Whats the largest system in the body?
Two components of the *cutaneous membr…
Outer epidermis
Cutaneous membrane:... Accessory structures:
Integumentary system
Outer epidermis and Inner dermis
The epithelial layer, stratified squamous tissue
Two parts of the integumentary system
Cutaneous membrane:... Accessory structures:
Whats the largest system in the body?
Integumentary system
41 terms
Biol 223 Lab 4 - Integumentary System Anatomy
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Stratum Corneum
- Superficial layer... - Composed of keratinized stratified squa…
- Deep layer... - Composed of connective tissue... - Highly vascula…
- Deep to dermis... - Primarily composed of adipose tissue... - Als…
- Most superficial layer... - 15-30 rows... - Dead, flat keratinocy…
Epidermis
- Superficial layer... - Composed of keratinized stratified squa…
Dermis
- Deep layer... - Composed of connective tissue... - Highly vascula…
75 terms
BIOL 223 chapter 7 terms
axial skeleton
skull
vertebral column
thoracic cage
80 bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body
8 cranial bones and 14 facial bones, 6 auditory ossicles and…
24 vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx
24 ribs and the sternum
axial skeleton
80 bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body
skull
8 cranial bones and 14 facial bones, 6 auditory ossicles and…
186 terms
Biology 223 Study Guide Final Spring 2016
The thumb is ________ to the little fi…
While performing a dissection, the stu…
The sternum or breastbone
A broken hallux refers specifically to…
lateral
superficial
is anterior to the heart
big toe
The thumb is ________ to the little fi…
lateral
While performing a dissection, the stu…
superficial
59 terms
BIOL 223 chapter 6 terms
skeletal system
bones
ligaments
leverage
Includes:... Bones of the skeleton... Cartilages, ligaments, and co…
classified by:... Shape... Internal tissue organization (compact, s…
bone to bone connection
force of motion
skeletal system
Includes:... Bones of the skeleton... Cartilages, ligaments, and co…
bones
classified by:... Shape... Internal tissue organization (compact, s…
146 terms
BIO 223 Study Guide
13.2 ... The epidural space of the spinal…
13.2 ... What consists of the coccygeal l…
13.2 3 ... Layers of the Spinal CORD
13.2 ... Arachnoid Mater of Spinal Cord i…
Adipose Tissue
Filamentum Terminale + (dura mater of SC)
Dura Mater... Arachnoid MAter... Pia Mater
Simple squamous ET called arachnoid membrane... Arachnoid trabec…
13.2 ... The epidural space of the spinal…
Adipose Tissue
13.2 ... What consists of the coccygeal l…
Filamentum Terminale + (dura mater of SC)
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