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Study sets matching "terrestrial biodiversity"

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Study sets matching "terrestrial biodiversity"

17 terms
Terrestrial Biodiversity
Old-growth forest
Second-growth forest
Tree plantation
Selective cutting
a forest that has attained great age without significant dist…
is a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a timbe…
Tree plantations are usually easily distinguished from natura…
is the cutting down of selected trees in a forest so that gro…
Old-growth forest
a forest that has attained great age without significant dist…
Second-growth forest
is a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a timbe…
28 terms
Terrestrial Biodiversity
Biological extinction
Mass extinction
Background extinction rate
Endangered species
Complete disappearance of a species from the earth. It happen…
Catastrophic, widespread, often global event in which major g…
Normal extinction of various species as a result of changes i…
Wild species with so few individual survivors that the specie…
Biological extinction
Complete disappearance of a species from the earth. It happen…
Mass extinction
Catastrophic, widespread, often global event in which major g…
29 terms
Terrestrial Biodiversity
Biological extinction
Mass extinction
Background extinction rate
Endangered species
the end of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), no…
a relatively sudden, global decrease in the diversity of life…
the standard rate of extinction in earth's geological and bio…
species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of extin…
Biological extinction
the end of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), no…
Mass extinction
a relatively sudden, global decrease in the diversity of life…
27 terms
Terrestrial Biodiversity
Biological extinction
Mass extinction
Background extinction rate
Endangered species
When a species is permanently lost
When a large group of species dies off in a relatively short…
The rate at which species die off when not in a period of cat…
Species that have lost so many numbers that they have been li…
Biological extinction
When a species is permanently lost
Mass extinction
When a large group of species dies off in a relatively short…
27 terms
Terrestrial biodiversity
Biological extinction
Mass extinction
Background extinction rate
Endangered species
Occurs whenever a species of animal or plantlife is permanent…
Extinction of a large number of species of a short period of…
Occurs at a fairly steady rate over geological time and is th…
Wild species with so few individual survivors that the specie…
Biological extinction
Occurs whenever a species of animal or plantlife is permanent…
Mass extinction
Extinction of a large number of species of a short period of…
17 terms
Marine and terrestrial ecology Biodiversity
Resource partitioning
Allopatric
Peripatric
Parapatric
Similar species occupy same geographic area
The formation of a new species as a result of an ancestral po…
A peripheral population breaks off from original
nonrandom mating leading to formation of new species from wit…
Resource partitioning
Similar species occupy same geographic area
Allopatric
The formation of a new species as a result of an ancestral po…
19 terms
Climate & Terrestrial Biodiversity
Weather vs. Climate
Five factors that Influence Climate
Air & Water Circulation
Circulation----> Currents
Weather- daily, predictable occurences and short-term conditi…
1. Solar Radiation... 2. Earth's Rotation... 3. Movement of air and…
Earth's surface is heated unevenly (tilted)...poles have sunl…
What actually happens because of Earth's Rotation- called the…
Weather vs. Climate
Weather- daily, predictable occurences and short-term conditi…
Five factors that Influence Climate
1. Solar Radiation... 2. Earth's Rotation... 3. Movement of air and…
34 terms
Chapter 6: Climate & Terrestrial Biodiversity
altitude
arid
Broadleaf deciduous plants
Broadleaf Evergreen plants
Height above sea level. Compare latitude.
a desert or other area with an arid climate has little precip…
Plants such as oak and maple trees that survive drought and c…
Plants that keep most of their broad leaves yearround. Exampl…
altitude
Height above sea level. Compare latitude.
arid
a desert or other area with an arid climate has little precip…
28 terms
Terrestrial Biodiversity: Chapter 10
clear-cutting
strip-cutting
selective-cutting
surface fires
Removing of all the trees in an area
Long and narrow clear-cuts are made, with alternating uncut s…
Cutting only a select amount of trees in an area
Burn underground & leaf litter on forest floor
clear-cutting
Removing of all the trees in an area
strip-cutting
Long and narrow clear-cuts are made, with alternating uncut s…
26 terms
Chapter 5 Terrestrial Biodiversity
weather v climate
Causes of uneven heating of Earth's su…
Ocean currents distribute heat and mix…
Water vapor, CO2, and other gases warm…
short term physical conditions v average weather conditions o…
solar energy (equator heated more than poles, angle of sun's…
differences in water density and heat cause warm/cool current…
greenhouse gases
weather v climate
short term physical conditions v average weather conditions o…
Causes of uneven heating of Earth's su…
solar energy (equator heated more than poles, angle of sun's…
15 terms
ch 10: terrestrial biodiversity
old-growth forest
second- growth forest
tree farm ( tree plantation)
surface fire
virgin and old, second-growth forest containing trees that ar…
stands of trees resulting from secondary ecological succession.
site planted with one or only a few tree species in an even-a…
forest fire that burns only undergrowth and leaf litter on th…
old-growth forest
virgin and old, second-growth forest containing trees that ar…
second- growth forest
stands of trees resulting from secondary ecological succession.
10 terms
Ch.11 Terrestrial Biodiversity
US Endangered Species Act
CITES
Lacey Act
convention of biological diversity (BCD)
identify and protect endangered species in the US and abroad.…
Treaty lists 900 species that can't be commercially traded as…
forbids trade in wildlife, fish, and plants that have illegal…
focuses on ecosystems. ratified by 190 countries(not us) ... sav…
US Endangered Species Act
identify and protect endangered species in the US and abroad.…
CITES
Treaty lists 900 species that can't be commercially traded as…
13 terms
Exam 2 Terrestrial Biodiversity:
Forest Ecosystems-
Forest Threats-
Selective Cutting-
Clear Cutting-
• Store atmospheric carbon... • Provide habitats... • Influence loc…
- Unsustainable cutting and burning of forests... - Fire, Disea…
- Intermediate-age or mature trees are cut singly or in small…
- All trees in an area are removed
Forest Ecosystems-
• Store atmospheric carbon... • Provide habitats... • Influence loc…
Forest Threats-
- Unsustainable cutting and burning of forests... - Fire, Disea…
15 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
climate
weather
rain shadow effect
greenhouse effect
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
when moist air from ocean hits a mntn, it is forced up. as it…
natural warming effect of the troposphere
climate
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
weather
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
20 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
weather
climate
upwelling
coriolis effect
an areas temp, precipitation, humidity, wind speed, and ther…
a regions general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
...
...
weather
an areas temp, precipitation, humidity, wind speed, and ther…
climate
a regions general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
28 terms
AP Enviro: Terrestrial Biodiversity
biological extinction
mass extinction
background extinction rate
endangered species
complete disappearance of a species from the earth. occurs wh…
catastrophic, widespread, often global event in which major g…
normal extinction of various species as a result of changes i…
wild species with so few individual survivors that the specie…
biological extinction
complete disappearance of a species from the earth. occurs wh…
mass extinction
catastrophic, widespread, often global event in which major g…
42 terms
sustaining terrestrial biodiversity
NEPA
- of NEPA
even aged management
uneven aged management
environmental factors be considered in federal decision makin…
does not prohibit government from harming environment
clear cuts, shelterwood/seed trees cuts, strip cutting
selective cutting
NEPA
environmental factors be considered in federal decision makin…
- of NEPA
does not prohibit government from harming environment
32 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Old growth forests (primary forests)
Second Growth Forests
Deforestation
Pine Beetle Infestation
Uncut, or not disturbed for several hundred years... Reservoirs…
Secondary ecological succession
caused by cattle ranching, agriculture, logging
need for tree thinning, caused unsustainable logging, example…
Old growth forests (primary forests)
Uncut, or not disturbed for several hundred years... Reservoirs…
Second Growth Forests
Secondary ecological succession
32 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
climate
Climate determined by:
Reasons for seasons:
durations of insolation
regions long term atmospheric conditions
average temp, average precipitation, latitude, altitude, wate…
tilt earth's axis, revolution, parallelism
varies with latitude and season
climate
regions long term atmospheric conditions
Climate determined by:
average temp, average precipitation, latitude, altitude, wate…
19 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Old-growth forest
Second-growth forest
Tree Plantation
Selective Cutting
An uncut or regenerated forest that has not been seriously di…
A stand of trees resulting from natural secondary ecological…
It is a managed tract with uniformly aged trees of one or two…
Intermediate aged or mature trees and an uneven aged forest a…
Old-growth forest
An uncut or regenerated forest that has not been seriously di…
Second-growth forest
A stand of trees resulting from natural secondary ecological…
21 terms
23 Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
National Forest System
National Resources Lands
National Wildlife Refuges
National Park System
Public lands set aside to grow trees, produce timber, protect…
Preserves rangeland for livestock grazing and provides secure…
land set aside to protect wildlife through preservation of ha…
more restricted; only camping, hiking, sport fishing and boat…
National Forest System
Public lands set aside to grow trees, produce timber, protect…
National Resources Lands
Preserves rangeland for livestock grazing and provides secure…
10 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
Weather
Climate
Currents
Greenhouse effect
Local area's short term temperature , precipitation, humidity…
An area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
Prevailing winds blowing over the ocean producing massive mov…
Natural warming effect of the troposphere
Weather
Local area's short term temperature , precipitation, humidity…
Climate
An area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
32 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
The National Environmental Policy Act…
Results of Clearcut Watershed
Results of Strip Cut Watershed
Even-aged management
-Informs public and decision makers... -Environmental factors to…
-increased soil temp ... -Spring snowmelt occurred earlier ... -Inc…
Soil erosion reduced ... Nutrient loss was reduced
Forestry industry ... Monoculture technics ... Natural forest simpl…
The National Environmental Policy Act…
-Informs public and decision makers... -Environmental factors to…
Results of Clearcut Watershed
-increased soil temp ... -Spring snowmelt occurred earlier ... -Inc…
11 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
global effects of winds
stratification
rain shadow effect
sea and land breezes
climate, nutrients, pollution, and weather
separation; formation of layers exhibiting different characte…
an area having relatively little precipitation due to the eff…
when the land is warm and the water is cool during the day th…
global effects of winds
climate, nutrients, pollution, and weather
stratification
separation; formation of layers exhibiting different characte…
23 terms
Sustaining terrestrial Biodiversity
surface fire
serotiny
prescribed burns
crown fire
usually burn leaf litter and undergrowth on forest floor
delayed release of seeds from fruit
mimic natural fire that didn't happen in area
usually occur in forests that have not experienced surface fi…
surface fire
usually burn leaf litter and undergrowth on forest floor
serotiny
delayed release of seeds from fruit
27 terms
Loss of Biodiversity: Terrestrial Species
evolution of species
mass extinctions
extinct vertebrates, 1500 to present
pre-historic extinction rate (normal b…
Most of today's biodiversity began evolving from the Cambrian…
1) Ordovician: global cooling, sea level changes... 2) Devonian:…
total of 620 vertebrate species known to have gone extinct si…
one vertebrate species dying out every 12 years
evolution of species
Most of today's biodiversity began evolving from the Cambrian…
mass extinctions
1) Ordovician: global cooling, sea level changes... 2) Devonian:…
19 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity Vocabulary
Old-Growth Forest
Second-Growth Forest
Tree Plantation
Strip Cutting
natural forests that have developed over a long period of tim…
a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a major di…
Site planted with one or only a few tree species in an even -…
Variation of clear - cutting image a strip of trees is clear…
Old-Growth Forest
natural forests that have developed over a long period of tim…
Second-Growth Forest
a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a major di…
20 terms
Sustaining terrestrial biodiversity
Old growth forest
Second growth forest
Tree plantation
Selective cutting
natural forests that have developed over a long period of tim…
a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a major di…
a large, cultivated planting of trees
the cutting down of selected trees in a forest so that growth…
Old growth forest
natural forests that have developed over a long period of tim…
Second growth forest
a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a major di…
19 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Old-Growth Forest
Second-growth forest
Tree plantation
Selective cutting
Virgin and old, second growth forests containing trees that a…
Stans of trees resulting from secondary ecological succession
Site planted with one are only a few tree species in an even…
Cutting of intermediate aged, mature, or diseased trees in an…
Old-Growth Forest
Virgin and old, second growth forests containing trees that a…
Second-growth forest
Stans of trees resulting from secondary ecological succession
19 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Multiple use lands
Moderately restricted use lands
Restricted use land
What resources are found on public lan…
National Forest system and BLM Lands
National wildlife refuge
National Park system and national wilderness system
Oil, natural gas, forests, minerals, and coal
Multiple use lands
National Forest system and BLM Lands
Moderately restricted use lands
National wildlife refuge
19 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Old-growth forest
Second-growth forest
Tree plantation
Selective cutting
Virgin and old, second-growth forests containing trees that a…
Strands of trees resulting from secondary ecological succession
Site planted with one or only a few tree species in an even-a…
Cutting of intermediate-aged, mature, or diseased trees in an…
Old-growth forest
Virgin and old, second-growth forests containing trees that a…
Second-growth forest
Strands of trees resulting from secondary ecological succession
17 terms
APES Terrestrial & Biodiversity
Clear cutting
Habitat Loss
Invasive species
CITES
Commercially used method fir tree harveststion. Causes the mo…
Greatest evil of environmental problems. apart of HIPPOC
Non native species hat causes damage to ecosystems. Have no c…
Convection on International Trade in Endangered Species. Stop…
Clear cutting
Commercially used method fir tree harveststion. Causes the mo…
Habitat Loss
Greatest evil of environmental problems. apart of HIPPOC
18 terms
APES Terrestrial Biodiversity
ancient forest
seine net
biodiversity hotspot
clear-cutting
...
drawstring purse fishing
...
...
ancient forest
...
seine net
drawstring purse fishing
13 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
What factors influence climate?
How does climate affect the nature and…
Weather
Climate
Solar radiation, the earth's rotation, global patterns of air…
Differences in average annual precipitation and temperature
Local area's short-term temperature, precipitation, humidity,…
General pattern of weather conditions measured over long peri…
What factors influence climate?
Solar radiation, the earth's rotation, global patterns of air…
How does climate affect the nature and…
Differences in average annual precipitation and temperature
26 terms
Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Species approach goal
Ecosystem approach goal
Types of species extinction (3)
Ex of species that are now global exti…
protect species from premature extinction
protect populations of species in their natural habitats
- Locally ... - Ecologically ... - Globally
- passenger pigeon ... - great auk
Species approach goal
protect species from premature extinction
Ecosystem approach goal
protect populations of species in their natural habitats
22 terms
7. Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
Weather
Climate
1. Uneven heating of the earth's surfa…
Rain Shadow Effect
a local area's short-term temperature, precipitation, humidit…
an area's general pattern or atmospheric or weather condition…
What are the 3 major factors that determine how air circulate…
the loss of moisture from the landscape and the resulting sem…
Weather
a local area's short-term temperature, precipitation, humidit…
Climate
an area's general pattern or atmospheric or weather condition…
13 terms
APES Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
NEPA
EIS
HBEF
Even-aged management
National Environmental Policy Act; requires environmental fac…
Environmental Impact Statement; required under NEPA if the pr…
Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest; had granite bedrock, unifo…
Industrial forestry, goal is economic returns, monoculture te…
NEPA
National Environmental Policy Act; requires environmental fac…
EIS
Environmental Impact Statement; required under NEPA if the pr…
33 terms
APES Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act)
Examples of NEPA
EIS (Environmental Impact Statements)
HBEF (Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest)
federal law that requires government contractors to file an e…
Yellowstone National Park; proposed timber harvest on Nationa…
must explain why project is needed, long-short term impacts,…
granitic bedrock, uniformity of watershed, isolation, ownersh…
NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act)
federal law that requires government contractors to file an e…
Examples of NEPA
Yellowstone National Park; proposed timber harvest on Nationa…
40 terms
Chapter 10: Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Aldo Leopold
John Muir
Theodore Roosevelt
Wangari Maathai
wrote A Sand County Almanac published a year after his death…
(1838-1914) Naturalist who believed the wilderness should be…
26th prez., Republican (1901-1905) and (1905-1909) Conservati…
In the mid-1970s, this Kenyan woman organized the Green Belt…
Aldo Leopold
wrote A Sand County Almanac published a year after his death…
John Muir
(1838-1914) Naturalist who believed the wilderness should be…
22 terms
apes climate and terrestrial biodiversity
global winds
productivity
Pinatuba
aerosols
distribute heat because of uneven heating of earths surfaces…
large air masses transport nutrients
Philippines, erupted and changed global climate for several y…
Suspended particles in atmosphere that can be small or large,…
global winds
distribute heat because of uneven heating of earths surfaces…
productivity
large air masses transport nutrients
20 terms
APES Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Bio Extinction
Logical Extinction
Ecological Extinction
Ecological value
cultural loss of a species on earth (natural species)
loss of a species in a specific area
when there are so few # of species that they don't pay an eco…
part of a critical life support system... Natural services... Pollu…
Bio Extinction
cultural loss of a species on earth (natural species)
Logical Extinction
loss of a species in a specific area
33 terms
Chapter 7: Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
WEATHER
CLIMATE
3 factors determining air distribution…
cells
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
1- uneven heating of earth's surface by sun (why equator is h…
division of atmosphere over huge regions distinguished by air…
WEATHER
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
CLIMATE
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
weather
warm front
cold front
air pressure
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
a front where warm air moves over cold air and brings drizzly…
A front where cold air moves in under a warm air mass.
The measure of the force with which air molecules push on a s…
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
warm front
a front where warm air moves over cold air and brings drizzly…
28 terms
Lecture 12 Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
forests
ecological services
economic services
deforestation
provide important economic and ecosystem services. store atmo…
support energy flow and chemical cycling, reduce soil erosion…
fuel wood (half of harvested wood). lumber( half produced by…
temporary or permanent removal of large expanses of forest fo…
forests
provide important economic and ecosystem services. store atmo…
ecological services
support energy flow and chemical cycling, reduce soil erosion…
33 terms
Chapter 7: Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
WEATHER
CLIMATE
3 factors determining air distribution…
cells
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
1- uneven heating of earth's surface by sun (why equator is h…
division of atmosphere over huge regions distinguished by air…
WEATHER
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
CLIMATE
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
33 terms
Chapter 7: Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity
WEATHER
CLIMATE
3 factors determining air distribution…
cells
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
1- uneven heating of earth's surface by sun (why equator is h…
division of atmosphere over huge regions distinguished by air…
WEATHER
a local area's short term temp, precip, humidity, wind speed,…
CLIMATE
an area's general pattern of atmospheric or weather condition…
20 terms
CH 10 Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
Habitat Fragmentation
Controlled burn
crown fire
surface fire
The process by which isolated patches of habitat are created…
used method of rangeland management to supress the growth of…
an extremely hot fire that leaps from treetop to treetop
a situation that allows dead leaves, woods and other flamable…
Habitat Fragmentation
The process by which isolated patches of habitat are created…
Controlled burn
used method of rangeland management to supress the growth of…
19 terms
Chapter 7-Climate & Terrestrial Biodiversity
Weather vs. Climate
Five factors that Influence Climate
Air & Water Circulation
Circulation----> Currents
Weather- daily, predictable occurences and short-term conditi…
1. Solar Radiation... 2. Earth's Rotation... 3. Movement of air and…
Earth's surface is heated unevenly (tilted)...poles have sunl…
What actually happens because of Earth's Rotation- called the…
Weather vs. Climate
Weather- daily, predictable occurences and short-term conditi…
Five factors that Influence Climate
1. Solar Radiation... 2. Earth's Rotation... 3. Movement of air and…
19 terms
Chapter 23-Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity
National Wildlife Reguges
Takings and property rights movement
Eminent domain
Wise Use movement
moderately restricted use of public lands -sport hunting, spo…
opposed federal regulation of land
Allows the govt to take property for public use but also requ…
a loose confederation of individuals and groups that coalesce…
National Wildlife Reguges
moderately restricted use of public lands -sport hunting, spo…
Takings and property rights movement
opposed federal regulation of land
20 terms
Climate and Terrestrial Biodiversity (Ch.7)
3 Ways to determine how air circulates
Coriolis Affect
Convection
Hadley Cells
uneven heating of earths surface, rotation of the earth on it…
wind goes right in the northern hemisphere and left in the so…
Air cools and descends at lower latitudes, warm air rises and…
control low altitude weather patterns, responsible for trade…
3 Ways to determine how air circulates
uneven heating of earths surface, rotation of the earth on it…
Coriolis Affect
wind goes right in the northern hemisphere and left in the so…
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