Study sets matching "test 1 second semester biology"

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Study sets matching "test 1 second semester biology"

32 terms
Biology: Test 1 SEMESTER 2
haploid
diploid
meiosis
interphase
cell that contains half the number of of usual chromosomes
a cell that has paired chromosomes
a type of cell division in which haploid gametes are formed
DNA is replicated and centrioles are produced
haploid
cell that contains half the number of of usual chromosomes
diploid
a cell that has paired chromosomes
21 terms
Biology semester 2 test 1
elongation
initiation
intron
promoter
the phase of transcription where RNA polymerase moves along t…
the phase of transcription in which RNA polymerase binds to t…
A segment of RNA that is moved prior to translation
The DNA sequence at which RNA polymerase binds to begin trans…
elongation
the phase of transcription where RNA polymerase moves along t…
initiation
the phase of transcription in which RNA polymerase binds to t…
biology test 1 of semester 2
fossil
paleontologist
relative dating
law of superposition
remains or impressions of a prehistoric organism that is pres…
scientists who study fossils
method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing rocks…
states that the oldest layer of rock is at the bottom of a cl…
fossil
remains or impressions of a prehistoric organism that is pres…
paleontologist
scientists who study fossils
70 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwan
early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of cork, ma…
used single lens microscope to observe pond water, and found…
concluded all plants are mad of cells
started: all animals made of cells
Robert Hooke
early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of cork, ma…
Leeuwenhoek
used single lens microscope to observe pond water, and found…
10 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.2 Chemistry
3 Subatomic particles
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Proton, Electron, Neutron
Positive, heavy, in Nucleus
Negative, light, outside nucleus
no charge, heavy, nucleus
3 Subatomic particles
Proton, Electron, Neutron
Proton
Positive, heavy, in Nucleus
Semester 2 Biology test 1
Biology
7 characteristics of life
Stimulus
Homeostasis
The study of life
Organization of cells, response to stimuli, homeostasis, meta…
A physical or chemical change in the internal or external env…
The maintenance of a stable level of internal conditions
Biology
The study of life
7 characteristics of life
Organization of cells, response to stimuli, homeostasis, meta…
51 terms
biology semester 2 test 1
species vary globally
species vary locally
species vary over time
artificial selection
ecosystems vary and have variety and adaptations vary
diversity of habitats variation of the species on islands and…
some fossils were similar to other species
nature provides variations and humans selectively breed those…
species vary globally
ecosystems vary and have variety and adaptations vary
species vary locally
diversity of habitats variation of the species on islands and…
18 terms
Biology test 1 semester 2
Gregor mendel
Dominant
Recessive
Law of segregation
Father of genetics
Trait that masks or hides other traits
Trait that is hidden or masked by another trait
States that a pair of factors is segregated, or separated, du…
Gregor mendel
Father of genetics
Dominant
Trait that masks or hides other traits
18 terms
Biology Test 1 semester 2
Ecology
Organism
Species
Population
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
A living thing
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Organism
A living thing
Biology Test 1 semester 2
Virus
Only life function of a virus
Lysogenic cycle
Lytic cycle
Capsid filled with DNA or RNA. Needs a host to carry out life…
Reproduction
Latent virus process, such as HIV
Kills cells after newly produced viruses split cell
Virus
Capsid filled with DNA or RNA. Needs a host to carry out life…
Only life function of a virus
Reproduction
110 terms
biology semester 2 test 1
what kind of metal is baking soda
most acidic acid
most corrosive
hydrophilic substances ______________…
alkaline metal
stomach acid
ammonia
dissolve
what kind of metal is baking soda
alkaline metal
most acidic acid
stomach acid
Biology Semester 2 Test 1
Replication
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
(Genetics) The process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself bef…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Replication
(Genetics) The process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself bef…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Semester 2 Biology Test 1
Charophytes
eudicots
monocots
shoot system
a division of freshwater green algae
A member of a clade that contains the vast majority of flower…
a member of a clade consisting of flowering plants that have…
stems... leaves... produces food (photosyntetic material)... primary s…
Charophytes
a division of freshwater green algae
eudicots
A member of a clade that contains the vast majority of flower…
150 terms
Test 1 Semester 2 Biology
random mating?
what is an example of random mating?
non-random mating
positive assortative mating
occurs when the frequency of mating between two genotypes is…
when pollen is dispersed in the wind
when mating is not random,causing a change in allele frequenc…
mating between individuals with a similar phenotype
random mating?
occurs when the frequency of mating between two genotypes is…
what is an example of random mating?
when pollen is dispersed in the wind
6 terms
Biology-Semester 2 Test 1
Gene (historical definition)
Exons
Introns
How many human pairs of chromosomes?
Stretch of DNA that codes for a protein; hundreds thousands o…
Coding genes-2%
Non coding genes-98%
23 pairs
Gene (historical definition)
Stretch of DNA that codes for a protein; hundreds thousands o…
Exons
Coding genes-2%
15 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2
Gene
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
A piece of DNA that determines a trait.
Different forms of a given gene.
An organisms genetic makeup. (the genes it has)
An organisms physical characteristics.
Gene
A piece of DNA that determines a trait.
Alleles
Different forms of a given gene.
Biology Semester 2 Test 1
Punnet Squares
Traditional Medelian Genetics
Sex-Linked Traits
What type of inheritance is it when tr…
Helps us determine the probabilities and possibilities for of…
The only time you will see a recessive trait is when the indi…
Traits that are carried only on the X chromosome
Incomplete dominance
Punnet Squares
Helps us determine the probabilities and possibilities for of…
Traditional Medelian Genetics
The only time you will see a recessive trait is when the indi…
30 terms
Biology Semester 2 Test 1
calorie
Matrix
Cellular respiration
NAD+
A Calorie is the measure of heat energy in food;equivalent to…
Innermost compartment of the mitochondrion
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
A Calorie is the measure of heat energy in food;equivalent to…
Matrix
Innermost compartment of the mitochondrion
Biology Test 1 Semester 2
t or f cytosine always woth guanine
t or f RNA is double stranded
t or f transfer RNA is the template or…
how many nitrogen bases make up a codon
true
false
false
3
t or f cytosine always woth guanine
true
t or f RNA is double stranded
false
11 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2
What happens during the Cell Cycle?
4 Main Stages of The Cell Cycle
What are the 4 main stages part of ?
What happens in Gap 1
A regular pattern of growth,DNA replication, and cell division
Gap 2, DNA synthesis, Gap 2, and Mitosis
interphase
cell growth, organelle replication & normal functions
What happens during the Cell Cycle?
A regular pattern of growth,DNA replication, and cell division
4 Main Stages of The Cell Cycle
Gap 2, DNA synthesis, Gap 2, and Mitosis
26 terms
Biology Semester 2 test 1
Why was there controversy regarding wh…
frederic griffith
transforming principle
avery hershey and chase
Protein or DNA.
descoved transforming principle
before scientists discovered DNA they knew that something cou…
DNA code is what is replicated
Why was there controversy regarding wh…
Protein or DNA.
frederic griffith
descoved transforming principle
68 terms
DC Biology Test 1 Semester 2
Theory
pattern component
process component
Special creation
a concept that explains a broad set of facts and observations
statement that summarizes a set of observations
explanation of what produces the pattern
a. All species created individually... b. Earth was young (~ 60…
Theory
a concept that explains a broad set of facts and observations
pattern component
statement that summarizes a set of observations
42 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2 Test 1
Binomial System of Nomenclature
Levels of Taxonomy
Evolutionary tree
Tracheophytes
Developed by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753... Uses to words to name e…
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
Phylogeny
All plants
Binomial System of Nomenclature
Developed by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753... Uses to words to name e…
Levels of Taxonomy
Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
46 terms
Biology Terms Test 1 Semester 2
binary fission
mitosis
meiosis
cytokinesis
used by prokaryotes for sexual repoduction
used by eukaryotes for asexual reproduction, growth, and tiss…
used by some eukaryotes for sexual reproduction (making eggs…
separating cytoplasm and organelles
binary fission
used by prokaryotes for sexual repoduction
mitosis
used by eukaryotes for asexual reproduction, growth, and tiss…
50 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2 Vocab
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
the complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
three-carbon molecule created in glycolysis
electron carrier molecule
does not require the presence of oxygen
cellular respiration
the complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon molecule created in glycolysis
257 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
to establish a collection of unchangin…
a single variable
c. data
observation
Which of the following is not a goal of science?
During a controlled experiment, a scientist isolates and tests
Information gathered from observing a plant grow 3 cm over a…
A bird watcher sees an unusual bird at a feeder. He takes car…
to establish a collection of unchangin…
Which of the following is not a goal of science?
a single variable
During a controlled experiment, a scientist isolates and tests
48 terms
biology semester test 1
what is the role of enzymes
subunits of nucleic acids
subunits of proteins
subunits of carbohydrates
to speed up biochemical reactions
nucleotides
amino acids
monosaccharides
what is the role of enzymes
to speed up biochemical reactions
subunits of nucleic acids
nucleotides
Biology Semester Test 1
Which of the following is not a goal o…
During a controlled experiment, a scie…
Information gathered from observing a…
A bird watcher sees an unusual bird at…
to establish a collection of unchanging truths
a single variable
data
observation
Which of the following is not a goal o…
to establish a collection of unchanging truths
During a controlled experiment, a scie…
a single variable
10 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.2.1 Chemistry
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon
Carbon & Hydrogen
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen -Amino(Nh2) & Carboxyl (CO…
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, phosphorus
Carbohydrate
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon
Lipid
Carbon & Hydrogen
7 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.2.2 Chemistry
Carbonic Anhydrase
What do Enzymes do?
Activation Energy
Products
Helps turn carbon dioxide into carbonic acid to be removed fr…
speed up chemical reactions in the body
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
what are produced
Carbonic Anhydrase
Helps turn carbon dioxide into carbonic acid to be removed fr…
What do Enzymes do?
speed up chemical reactions in the body
10 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.3&4.2 Ecology
10
Human Cycle of Carbon Cycle
Geological Cycle of Carbon Cycle
Physical /Chem Cycle of Carbon Cycle
_____% of energy transferred between trophic levels
using fossil fuels to put CO2 in the air
Volcanoes erupting
CO2 dissolves in oceans
10
_____% of energy transferred between trophic levels
Human Cycle of Carbon Cycle
using fossil fuels to put CO2 in the air
20 terms
Biology Semester test 1
Cell Theory
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Abiotic
All organisms made of 1 or more cells... Cells only come from ot…
doesn't use energy/ high to low concentration
Uses energy/ Low to high concentration
non living thing
Cell Theory
All organisms made of 1 or more cells... Cells only come from ot…
Passive Transport
doesn't use energy/ high to low concentration
Humboldt Biology Semester Test 1
Biosphere
Biology
Biodiversity
Cell
All organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
Scientific study of all forms of life
Variety of life within an area
Basic unit of life
Biosphere
All organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
Biology
Scientific study of all forms of life
9 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.5&6.2 Ecology
Birth Rate/Death Rate
Immigration & Emigration
What can determine population growth
Exponential Growth
amount of individuals giving birth or dying
number of individual leaving or coming in
Birth/Death Rate, immigration & Emigration
J-Curve growth of a species ... There is no limit of resource or…
Birth Rate/Death Rate
amount of individuals giving birth or dying
Immigration & Emigration
number of individual leaving or coming in
114 terms
BIOLOGY semester test 1
What is the acronym for mitosis order?
DESCRIBE Interphase
DESCRIBE Prophase
DESCRIBE Metaphase
I-P-M-A-T-C
The phase of the cell cycle in which division is not occurring
Phase of mitosis where the nuclear membrane breaks down chrom…
Stage in mitosis where chromosomes are lined up along the mid…
What is the acronym for mitosis order?
I-P-M-A-T-C
DESCRIBE Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which division is not occurring
92 terms
Biology Semester Test 1 (Adams Central)
Cell
Community
Density Dependent Limiting Factor
k-selected species
Basic unit of life
All living things in an ecosystem OR Group of different popul…
a limiting factor that depends on population size(ex. competi…
Species that produce a few, often fairly large offspring. Sur…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Community
All living things in an ecosystem OR Group of different popul…
53 terms
Semester 2 Biology 1
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupi…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Gene
A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupi…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
68 terms
Biology Semester 1 and Semester 2 Vocabulary vc
homeostasis
metabolism
independent variable
dependent variable
maintain stable internal conditions
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
factor that is changed on purpose by the scientist
factor that is measured or observed by the scientist
homeostasis
maintain stable internal conditions
metabolism
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
68 terms
Biology Semester 1 and Semester 2 Vocabulary
homeostasis
metabolism
independent variable
dependent variable
maintain stable internal conditions
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
factor that is changed on purpose by the scientist
factor that is measured or observed by the scientist
homeostasis
maintain stable internal conditions
metabolism
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
Biology 1st Semester Vocabulary: Test 1
Biomagnification
Trophic Level
Ecosystem
Symbiosis
the concentration of toxins as they move through a food chain
position that organisms occupy in a food web
a community interacting with its environment througha one-way…
an ecological interaction between two organisms
Biomagnification
the concentration of toxins as they move through a food chain
Trophic Level
position that organisms occupy in a food web
Biology 2nd Semester Test 1
What is not an important function of a…
Group of cells that work together to p…
Structures that increase surface area…
What do roots that stick out of mud do?
Photosynthesis
Tissue
Root Hairs
Obtain oxygen during low tide
What is not an important function of a…
Photosynthesis
Group of cells that work together to p…
Tissue
Biology- Semester 2- Test 1 (2/19/15).
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
Chromatin
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. _____ unite during se…
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes. The fibers are to…
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Sexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
19 terms
semester 2 test 1
Announce
Complicated
Impressive
Existence
הוֹדִיעַ, הִכְרִיז
מְסֻבָּךְ, מֻרְכָּב
מַרְשִׁים
קִיּוּם, אֶקְזִיסְטֶנְצְיָה, מְצִיאוּת
Announce
הוֹדִיעַ, הִכְרִיז
Complicated
מְסֻבָּךְ, מֻרְכָּב
16 terms
Biology Semester 2 Test 1 Part 2
primarily unicellular and prokaryotic
monera
lack peptidoglycan in their cell walls…
have peptidoglycan in their cell walls…
Taxonomical features of Bacteria
What kingdom does bacteria belong to?
Taxonomical characteristics of archaebacteria
Taxonomical characteristics of eubacteria
primarily unicellular and prokaryotic
Taxonomical features of Bacteria
monera
What kingdom does bacteria belong to?
65 terms
Smith Biology Second Semester. Test 1
Creationism characteristics
Evidence for divine being
Evidence for creationisms age of the e…
what is Aristotles "Scala Naturae"
Divine being, immutable organisms, different species are not…
the bible
James usher traces biblical characters lineages back 5,600 ye…
about 300bc it describes all organisms to still look the same…
Creationism characteristics
Divine being, immutable organisms, different species are not…
Evidence for divine being
the bible
Biology Semester 1 and Semester 2 Vocabulary
homeostasis
metabolism
independent variable
dependent variable
maintain stable internal conditions
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
factor that is changed on purpose by the scientist
factor that is measured or observed by the scientist
homeostasis
maintain stable internal conditions
metabolism
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
Semester 2 Test 1 Vocab (bio)
virus
DNA and RNA, able to reproduce, have p…
require host cell to reproduce, no car…
virus
"problem children"; enigmas because they exhibit both living…
Life characteristics of viruses
Non-life characteristics of viruses
typical ____ composed of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by p…
virus
"problem children"; enigmas because they exhibit both living…
DNA and RNA, able to reproduce, have p…
Life characteristics of viruses
14 terms
biology semester test 1
condensation reaction
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
a simple sugar that is basic subunit, or monomer, of a carboh…
a sugar formed from 2 monosaccharide
1 of the carbohydrates made up of long chains of simple sugars
condensation reaction
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
monosaccharide
a simple sugar that is basic subunit, or monomer, of a carboh…
124 terms
Biology Semester test 1
biology
hypothesis
science
expirement
study of life
educated guess
process that produces a body of knowledge about nature
testing of a hypothesis
biology
study of life
hypothesis
educated guess
247 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
What is the structure that makes up ev…
What is cell theory?
Why are electron microscopes capable o…
What are 2 things about prokaryotes?
the cell
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
The wavelengths of electrons are much shorter than those of l…
-They grow and reproduce... - They all have cell membranes and c…
What is the structure that makes up ev…
the cell
What is cell theory?
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
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