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Study sets matching "test 1 second semester biology"

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Study sets matching "test 1 second semester biology"

32 terms
Biology: Test 1 SEMESTER 2
haploid
diploid
meiosis
interphase
cell that contains half the number of of usual chromosomes
a cell that has paired chromosomes
a type of cell division in which haploid gametes are formed
DNA is replicated and centrioles are produced
haploid
cell that contains half the number of of usual chromosomes
diploid
a cell that has paired chromosomes
21 terms
Biology semester 2 test 1
elongation
initiation
intron
promoter
the phase of transcription where RNA polymerase moves along t…
the phase of transcription in which RNA polymerase binds to t…
A segment of RNA that is moved prior to translation
The DNA sequence at which RNA polymerase binds to begin trans…
elongation
the phase of transcription where RNA polymerase moves along t…
initiation
the phase of transcription in which RNA polymerase binds to t…
42 terms
biology test 1 of semester 2
fossil
paleontologist
relative dating
law of superposition
remains or impressions of a prehistoric organism that is pres…
scientists who study fossils
method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing rocks…
states that the oldest layer of rock is at the bottom of a cl…
fossil
remains or impressions of a prehistoric organism that is pres…
paleontologist
scientists who study fossils
70 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwan
early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of cork, ma…
used single lens microscope to observe pond water, and found…
concluded all plants are mad of cells
started: all animals made of cells
Robert Hooke
early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of cork, ma…
Leeuwenhoek
used single lens microscope to observe pond water, and found…
18 terms
Biology semester 2 test 1
Organism
Biological keys
Migration
Migration
Can adapt by changing its behaviors when in new environmemts
Used to identify organisms
Occurs when organisms move from one are to another
Occurs when organisms move from one are to another
Organism
Can adapt by changing its behaviors when in new environmemts
Biological keys
Used to identify organisms
51 terms
biology semester 2 test 1
species vary globally
species vary locally
species vary over time
artificial selection
ecosystems vary and have variety and adaptations vary
diversity of habitats variation of the species on islands and…
some fossils were similar to other species
nature provides variations and humans selectively breed those…
species vary globally
ecosystems vary and have variety and adaptations vary
species vary locally
diversity of habitats variation of the species on islands and…
18 terms
Biology test 1 semester 2
Gregor mendel
Dominant
Recessive
Law of segregation
Father of genetics
Trait that masks or hides other traits
Trait that is hidden or masked by another trait
States that a pair of factors is segregated, or separated, du…
Gregor mendel
Father of genetics
Dominant
Trait that masks or hides other traits
18 terms
Biology Test 1 semester 2
Ecology
Organism
Species
Population
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
A living thing
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Organism
A living thing
79 terms
Biology Test 1 semester 2
Virus
Only life function of a virus
Lysogenic cycle
Lytic cycle
Capsid filled with DNA or RNA. Needs a host to carry out life…
Reproduction
Latent virus process, such as HIV
Kills cells after newly produced viruses split cell
Virus
Capsid filled with DNA or RNA. Needs a host to carry out life…
Only life function of a virus
Reproduction
110 terms
biology semester 2 test 1
what kind of metal is baking soda
most acidic acid
most corrosive
hydrophilic substances ______________…
alkaline metal
stomach acid
ammonia
dissolve
what kind of metal is baking soda
alkaline metal
most acidic acid
stomach acid
Biology Semester 2 Test 1
Replication
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
(Genetics) The process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself bef…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Replication
(Genetics) The process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself bef…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
96 terms
Semester 2 Biology Test 1
Charophytes
eudicots
monocots
shoot system
a division of freshwater green algae
A member of a clade that contains the vast majority of flower…
a member of a clade consisting of flowering plants that have…
stems... leaves... produces food (photosyntetic material)... primary s…
Charophytes
a division of freshwater green algae
eudicots
A member of a clade that contains the vast majority of flower…
150 terms
Test 1 Semester 2 Biology
random mating?
what is an example of random mating?
non-random mating
positive assortative mating
occurs when the frequency of mating between two genotypes is…
when pollen is dispersed in the wind
when mating is not random,causing a change in allele frequenc…
mating between individuals with a similar phenotype
random mating?
occurs when the frequency of mating between two genotypes is…
what is an example of random mating?
when pollen is dispersed in the wind
10 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.2 Chemistry
3 Subatomic particles
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Proton, Electron, Neutron
Positive, heavy, in Nucleus
Negative, light, outside nucleus
no charge, heavy, nucleus
3 Subatomic particles
Proton, Electron, Neutron
Proton
Positive, heavy, in Nucleus
17 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2
t or f cytosine always woth guanine
t or f RNA is double stranded
t or f transfer RNA is the template or…
how many nitrogen bases make up a codon
true
false
false
3
t or f cytosine always woth guanine
true
t or f RNA is double stranded
false
15 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2
Gene
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
A piece of DNA that determines a trait.
Different forms of a given gene.
An organisms genetic makeup. (the genes it has)
An organisms physical characteristics.
Gene
A piece of DNA that determines a trait.
Alleles
Different forms of a given gene.
18 terms
Biology Semester 2 Test 1
Punnet Squares
Traditional Medelian Genetics
Sex-Linked Traits
What type of inheritance is it when tr…
Helps us determine the probabilities and possibilities for of…
The only time you will see a recessive trait is when the indi…
Traits that are carried only on the X chromosome
Incomplete dominance
Punnet Squares
Helps us determine the probabilities and possibilities for of…
Traditional Medelian Genetics
The only time you will see a recessive trait is when the indi…
26 terms
Biology Semester 2 test 1
Why was there controversy regarding wh…
frederic griffith
transforming principle
avery hershey and chase
Protein or DNA.
descoved transforming principle
before scientists discovered DNA they knew that something cou…
DNA code is what is replicated
Why was there controversy regarding wh…
Protein or DNA.
frederic griffith
descoved transforming principle
11 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2
What happens during the Cell Cycle?
4 Main Stages of The Cell Cycle
What are the 4 main stages part of ?
What happens in Gap 1
A regular pattern of growth,DNA replication, and cell division
Gap 2, DNA synthesis, Gap 2, and Mitosis
interphase
cell growth, organelle replication & normal functions
What happens during the Cell Cycle?
A regular pattern of growth,DNA replication, and cell division
4 Main Stages of The Cell Cycle
Gap 2, DNA synthesis, Gap 2, and Mitosis
30 terms
Biology Semester 2 Test 1
calorie
Matrix
Cellular respiration
NAD+
A Calorie is the measure of heat energy in food;equivalent to…
Innermost compartment of the mitochondrion
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
A Calorie is the measure of heat energy in food;equivalent to…
Matrix
Innermost compartment of the mitochondrion
68 terms
DC Biology Test 1 Semester 2
Theory
pattern component
process component
Special creation
a concept that explains a broad set of facts and observations
statement that summarizes a set of observations
explanation of what produces the pattern
a. All species created individually... b. Earth was young (~ 60…
Theory
a concept that explains a broad set of facts and observations
pattern component
statement that summarizes a set of observations
19 terms
semester 2 test 1
Announce
Complicated
Impressive
Existence
הוֹדִיעַ, הִכְרִיז
מְסֻבָּךְ, מֻרְכָּב
מַרְשִׁים
קִיּוּם, אֶקְזִיסְטֶנְצְיָה, מְצִיאוּת
Announce
הוֹדִיעַ, הִכְרִיז
Complicated
מְסֻבָּךְ, מֻרְכָּב
46 terms
Biology Terms Test 1 Semester 2
binary fission
mitosis
meiosis
cytokinesis
used by prokaryotes for sexual repoduction
used by eukaryotes for asexual reproduction, growth, and tiss…
used by some eukaryotes for sexual reproduction (making eggs…
separating cytoplasm and organelles
binary fission
used by prokaryotes for sexual repoduction
mitosis
used by eukaryotes for asexual reproduction, growth, and tiss…
50 terms
Biology Test 1 Semester 2 Vocab
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
the complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
three-carbon molecule created in glycolysis
electron carrier molecule
does not require the presence of oxygen
cellular respiration
the complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon molecule created in glycolysis
92 terms
Biology Semester Test 1 (Adams Central)
Cell
Community
Density Dependent Limiting Factor
k-selected species
Basic unit of life
All living things in an ecosystem OR Group of different popul…
a limiting factor that depends on population size(ex. competi…
Species that produce a few, often fairly large offspring. Sur…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Community
All living things in an ecosystem OR Group of different popul…
10 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.2.1 Chemistry
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon
Carbon & Hydrogen
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen -Amino(Nh2) & Carboxyl (CO…
Nitrogen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, phosphorus
Carbohydrate
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon
Lipid
Carbon & Hydrogen
10 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.3&4.2 Ecology
10
Human Cycle of Carbon Cycle
Geological Cycle of Carbon Cycle
Physical /Chem Cycle of Carbon Cycle
_____% of energy transferred between trophic levels
using fossil fuels to put CO2 in the air
Volcanoes erupting
CO2 dissolves in oceans
10
_____% of energy transferred between trophic levels
Human Cycle of Carbon Cycle
using fossil fuels to put CO2 in the air
133 terms
Biology Semester Test 1: Vocab
ecology
biosphere
species
population
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Taxonomic group whose members can interbreed.
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
114 terms
BIOLOGY semester test 1
What is the acronym for mitosis order?
DESCRIBE Interphase
DESCRIBE Prophase
DESCRIBE Metaphase
I-P-M-A-T-C
The phase of the cell cycle in which division is not occurring
Phase of mitosis where the nuclear membrane breaks down chrom…
Stage in mitosis where chromosomes are lined up along the mid…
What is the acronym for mitosis order?
I-P-M-A-T-C
DESCRIBE Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which division is not occurring
68 terms
Biology Semester 1 and Semester 2 Vocabulary vc
homeostasis
metabolism
independent variable
dependent variable
maintain stable internal conditions
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
factor that is changed on purpose by the scientist
factor that is measured or observed by the scientist
homeostasis
maintain stable internal conditions
metabolism
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
68 terms
Biology Semester 1 and Semester 2 Vocabulary
homeostasis
metabolism
independent variable
dependent variable
maintain stable internal conditions
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
factor that is changed on purpose by the scientist
factor that is measured or observed by the scientist
homeostasis
maintain stable internal conditions
metabolism
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
9 terms
Biology 1 Semester Test 1.5&6.2 Ecology
Birth Rate/Death Rate
Immigration & Emigration
What can determine population growth
Exponential Growth
amount of individuals giving birth or dying
number of individual leaving or coming in
Birth/Death Rate, immigration & Emigration
J-Curve growth of a species ... There is no limit of resource or…
Birth Rate/Death Rate
amount of individuals giving birth or dying
Immigration & Emigration
number of individual leaving or coming in
53 terms
Semester 2 Biology 1
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupi…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Gene
A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that occupi…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
192 terms
Biology:semester test:1
Frameshift mutation
Translocation
Pku
Lighter skin color
The type of change to the DNA molecule in which a single gene…
The type of change to the DNA molecule in which a part of a c…
The genetic disorder in which a person lacks the enzyme neede…
One physical trait that is common in people who have pku
Frameshift mutation
The type of change to the DNA molecule in which a single gene…
Translocation
The type of change to the DNA molecule in which a part of a c…
30 terms
ACHS Chemistry Test 1 of Semester 2
The molarity decreases.
half of
1M
Solute and Solvent
The molarity decreases.
half of
68 terms
Biology Semester 1 and Semester 2 Vocabulary
homeostasis
metabolism
independent variable
dependent variable
maintain stable internal conditions
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
factor that is changed on purpose by the scientist
factor that is measured or observed by the scientist
homeostasis
maintain stable internal conditions
metabolism
the combination of all chemical reactions in the body
170 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
The theme that reflects the idea that…
Living things adjust to a stimulus by…
Living things change during their live…
All living things ____ to make more li…
D) evolution
D) response
B) growth and development
A) reproduce
The theme that reflects the idea that…
D) evolution
Living things adjust to a stimulus by…
D) response
55 terms
Biology 2nd Semester Test 1
What is not an important function of a…
Group of cells that work together to p…
Structures that increase surface area…
What do roots that stick out of mud do?
Photosynthesis
Tissue
Root Hairs
Obtain oxygen during low tide
What is not an important function of a…
Photosynthesis
Group of cells that work together to p…
Tissue
170 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
The theme that reflects the idea that…
Living things adjust to a stimulus by…
Living things change during their live…
All living things ____ to make more li…
D) evolution
D) response
B) growth and development
A) reproduce
The theme that reflects the idea that…
D) evolution
Living things adjust to a stimulus by…
D) response
32 terms
Biology 1st Semester Vocabulary: Test 1
Biomagnification
Trophic Level
Ecosystem
Symbiosis
the concentration of toxins as they move through a food chain
position that organisms occupy in a food web
a community interacting with its environment througha one-way…
an ecological interaction between two organisms
Biomagnification
the concentration of toxins as they move through a food chain
Trophic Level
position that organisms occupy in a food web
65 terms
Smith Biology Second Semester. Test 1
Creationism characteristics
Evidence for divine being
Evidence for creationisms age of the e…
what is Aristotles "Scala Naturae"
Divine being, immutable organisms, different species are not…
the bible
James usher traces biblical characters lineages back 5,600 ye…
about 300bc it describes all organisms to still look the same…
Creationism characteristics
Divine being, immutable organisms, different species are not…
Evidence for divine being
the bible
16 terms
Biology Semester 2 Test 1 Part 2
primarily unicellular and prokaryotic
monera
lack peptidoglycan in their cell walls…
have peptidoglycan in their cell walls…
Taxonomical features of Bacteria
What kingdom does bacteria belong to?
Taxonomical characteristics of archaebacteria
Taxonomical characteristics of eubacteria
primarily unicellular and prokaryotic
Taxonomical features of Bacteria
monera
What kingdom does bacteria belong to?
36 terms
Semester 2 Test 1
Annunciation Triptych, Campin
Arnolfino Portrait, Jan Van Eyck
Deposition, Van der Weyden
Isenheim Altarpiece, Grunewald
Title/Artist
Title/Artist
Title/Artist
Title/Artist
Annunciation Triptych, Campin
Title/Artist
Arnolfino Portrait, Jan Van Eyck
Title/Artist
95 terms
Semester 2 Test 1 Vocab (bio)
virus
DNA and RNA, able to reproduce, have p…
require host cell to reproduce, no car…
virus
"problem children"; enigmas because they exhibit both living…
Life characteristics of viruses
Non-life characteristics of viruses
typical ____ composed of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by p…
virus
"problem children"; enigmas because they exhibit both living…
DNA and RNA, able to reproduce, have p…
Life characteristics of viruses
25 terms
RECHTSKUNDE BEGRIFFE 2.TEST 1.SEMESTER
Rechtssubjekte
Natürliche Personen
Rechtsfähigkeit
gerichtlich Entmündigte
Personen, die im Recht eine Rolle spielen
menschliche Lebewesen
Eigenschaft, Inhaber (Träger) von Rechten und Pflichten zu se…
haben durch Entscheidung eines Vormundschaftsrichters die Han…
Rechtssubjekte
Personen, die im Recht eine Rolle spielen
Natürliche Personen
menschliche Lebewesen
20 terms
Biology- Semester 2- Test 1 (2/19/15).
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Gametes
Chromatin
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. _____ unite during se…
DNA and protein that makes up chromosomes. The fibers are to…
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Sexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
14 terms
biology semester test 1
condensation reaction
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
a simple sugar that is basic subunit, or monomer, of a carboh…
a sugar formed from 2 monosaccharide
1 of the carbohydrates made up of long chains of simple sugars
condensation reaction
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
monosaccharide
a simple sugar that is basic subunit, or monomer, of a carboh…
247 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
What is the structure that makes up ev…
What is cell theory?
Why are electron microscopes capable o…
What are 2 things about prokaryotes?
the cell
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
The wavelengths of electrons are much shorter than those of l…
-They grow and reproduce... - They all have cell membranes and c…
What is the structure that makes up ev…
the cell
What is cell theory?
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. cells are the b…
116 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
true
false
biology
hypothesis
A hypothesis must be tested to prove itself (true/false)
Theories do not change (true/false)
the study of life
an educated guess
true
A hypothesis must be tested to prove itself (true/false)
false
Theories do not change (true/false)
38 terms
Biology Semester Test 1
A cell that requires a lot of energy m…
To function efficiently, a cell must be
Diffusion is the movement of a substance
What is a form of active transport?
Mitochondria
small
from an area of high concentration to an area of lower concen…
Sodium-potassium pump
A cell that requires a lot of energy m…
Mitochondria
To function efficiently, a cell must be
small
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