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Study sets matching "test 2 biology ecology"

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Study sets matching "test 2 biology ecology"

64 terms
Biology Test 2 (Ecology)
ecology
biotic factors
abiotic factors
keystone species
the study of the relationships among organisms and their envi…
living things (plants, animals, fungi, bacteria)
non-living things (moisture, temperature, wind, sunlight, soil)
a species that has an unusually large effect on its ecosystem
ecology
the study of the relationships among organisms and their envi…
biotic factors
living things (plants, animals, fungi, bacteria)
11 terms
Ecology Biology Test 2
Biosphere
Ecology
Ecosystem
Biome
part of earth in which life exists including land, water, air…
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
all the organisms that live in a place together with their no…
a group of ecosystems that share similar climates and typical…
Biosphere
part of earth in which life exists including land, water, air…
Ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
16 terms
Biology Ecology Test 2
Abiotic
Biotic
Community
Ecosystem
non-living factors in an environment (sun, soil, rocks)
living factors in the environment (plants, animals, protists)
assemblages of different populations
collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
Abiotic
non-living factors in an environment (sun, soil, rocks)
Biotic
living factors in the environment (plants, animals, protists)
56 terms
Biology Test 2 (Ecology)
ecology
biosphere
ecosystem
community
the scientific study between organisms and their enviroments
area where all livings things on earth are
all living and non-living things in a given area (my backyard)
all organisms in the tide pool (crabs, seaweed)
ecology
the scientific study between organisms and their enviroments
biosphere
area where all livings things on earth are
51 terms
Biology Test 2: Ecology
Tropical Rainforest
Tropical Dry Forest
Savanna
Desert
-more species than any other biomes... -rains all year round; mo…
-two seasons (wet and dry season)... -deciduous trees grow here…
-this is where the Lion King takes place... -dry season and wet…
-least amount of rainfall... -can be freezing cold (Antarctica i…
Tropical Rainforest
-more species than any other biomes... -rains all year round; mo…
Tropical Dry Forest
-two seasons (wet and dry season)... -deciduous trees grow here…
31 terms
Biology Test 2 - Ecology
Ecosystem
Habitat
Population
Community
A community made up of organisms that depend on each other an…
the "home" where you a specific species lives in. Example: th…
all the individuals of the same species living at a defined a…
all the interacting populations in the same habitat
Ecosystem
A community made up of organisms that depend on each other an…
Habitat
the "home" where you a specific species lives in. Example: th…
25 terms
Biology Ecology Test 2
Biodiversity
Competition
Resources
Carrying Capacity
The sum of genetically based variety of all organisms in the…
Two animals fighting for food or resources
Is something that can be drawn upon to take care of a need
Maximum number of individuals of a particular species that an…
Biodiversity
The sum of genetically based variety of all organisms in the…
Competition
Two animals fighting for food or resources
41 terms
Biology Test 2-- Population Ecology
Ecology
Different areas of ecological study
Organismal Ecology
Population Ecology
study of how organisms interact with each other and with thei…
organismal, population, community, ecosystem, landscape
studying individuals; one organisms interaction w/ its enviro…
interactions b/n members of he same species w/ each other and…
Ecology
study of how organisms interact with each other and with thei…
Different areas of ecological study
organismal, population, community, ecosystem, landscape
47 terms
CP Biology Test 2-Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
a collection of all the organisms that live in a particular p…
a group of organisms so similar to each other that they can b…
a group of organisms that belong to the same species and live…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
biosphere
a collection of all the organisms that live in a particular p…
12 terms
Biology Ecology Test 2 Vocabulary
Keystone species
Succession
Population density
population growth rate
species that help regulate the environment so that the balanc…
a series of more or less predictable changes that occur in a…
is the number of individuals per unit area
how fast a population grows; it can be negative if a populati…
Keystone species
species that help regulate the environment so that the balanc…
Succession
a series of more or less predictable changes that occur in a…
80 terms
Ecology TEST 2
Transpiraton
Lotic
Lentic
First Order Sream
Movement of water through the environment by plants (into atm…
Freshwater system where water is MOVING
Freshwater sytem where water is STANDING STILL/ not moving
Stream with no tributaries
Transpiraton
Movement of water through the environment by plants (into atm…
Lotic
Freshwater system where water is MOVING
Ecology and Field Biology Test 2
Genes
Alleles
Homozygous
Heterozygous
regions of DNA that code for particular proteins, which in tu…
different forms of a particular gene
An individual with two identical alleles
An individual with two different alleles of a particular gene
Genes
regions of DNA that code for particular proteins, which in tu…
Alleles
different forms of a particular gene
22 terms
Biology Ecology and Evolution: Test 2
Constitutive defenses
Aposimatic coloration
Batesian Mimicry
Mullerian Mimicry
Phenotypes that are always turned on such as toxins, mimicry,…
Brightly colored
Palatable or harmless species mimics unpalatable or harmful s…
Two or more harmful species that mimic each other.
Constitutive defenses
Phenotypes that are always turned on such as toxins, mimicry,…
Aposimatic coloration
Brightly colored
Environmental Biology/Ecology test 2
Ecology
community
environment
ecosystem
scientific investigation of interactions controlling distribu…
interacting populations sharing the same environment and space
physical and chemical surroundings occupied by individuals
a defined area in which communities interact with their surro…
Ecology
scientific investigation of interactions controlling distribu…
community
interacting populations sharing the same environment and space
25 terms
Biology test 2, protists and ecology
Gairdia lambila
Trichomonas vaginalis
Trypanosoma
Sleeping sickness.
Protist found in the intestines of animals, causes stomach pr…
Protist that causes 5 million yeast infections a year. Can be…
Causes both sleeping sickness and changas disease. Changes su…
Trypanosoma cruzi spread by the tetsy fly in Africa.
Gairdia lambila
Protist found in the intestines of animals, causes stomach pr…
Trichomonas vaginalis
Protist that causes 5 million yeast infections a year. Can be…
103 terms
AP Biology Test 2: Ecology
Ecology
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Primary Producers
Study of the inter relationships of organisms and the environ…
Living - ... food source... Despenser... competitors... decomposers... preda…
Non living-... Soil,rocks... Water... Sunlight... O2 and CO2... pH and salin…
Harness the sunlight into organic matter aka energy... ex:Plants…
Ecology
Study of the inter relationships of organisms and the environ…
Biotic Factors
Living - ... food source... Despenser... competitors... decomposers... preda…
164 terms
Environmental Biology/Ecology test 2
Ecology
community
environment
ecosystem
scientific investigation of interactions controlling distribu…
interacting populations sharing the same environment and space
physical and chemical surroundings occupied by individuals
a defined area in which communities interact with their surro…
Ecology
scientific investigation of interactions controlling distribu…
community
interacting populations sharing the same environment and space
17 terms
Biology Unit 2: Ecology
Ecology
Habitat
Niche
abiotic factors
study of interactions
a place where a plant or animal lives
an organism's way of life
the non-living parts of an organism's enviroment
Ecology
study of interactions
Habitat
a place where a plant or animal lives
33 terms
Biology CH2 Ecology
Ecology
Biosphere
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
relationship among living organisms and their environment
the portion of earth that supports life
living factors in an organisms environment ... Ex. in water incl…
all the nonliving factors in an organisms environment... Ex. tem…
Ecology
relationship among living organisms and their environment
Biosphere
the portion of earth that supports life
21 terms
Population Ecology Test 2
Competition
Predators
Prey
Carrying Capacity
Two organisms fighting for the same resource.
Animals that hunt other animals for food.
Animals that are hunted for food.
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Competition
Two organisms fighting for the same resource.
Predators
Animals that hunt other animals for food.
6 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Ecology
Biomagnification
Ecological succession
Ecosystem
Ecosystem stability
the concentration of toxins as they move through a food chain
changes in the composition of species found in a community ov…
a community interacting with its environment through a one-wa…
the ability of an ecosystem to return to a state of equilibri…
Biomagnification
the concentration of toxins as they move through a food chain
Ecological succession
changes in the composition of species found in a community ov…
8 terms
Ecology Test 2
Climate
Mutualism
Commensalism
Parasitism
average (normal) temperature an area has all year
both species benefit
one species benefits, the other is helped or hurt
one species benefits, the others hurt
Climate
average (normal) temperature an area has all year
Mutualism
both species benefit
42 terms
Biology Unit 2-Ecology
Ecology
Population
Habitat
Population Density
Dealing with interactions and relations between species and t…
Groups of individuals of the same species living in the area…
An enviroment where population lives
Number of individuals of a species per unit in an area, If th…
Ecology
Dealing with interactions and relations between species and t…
Population
Groups of individuals of the same species living in the area…
35 terms
Biology Unit 2: Ecology
Biosphere
Ecology
biotic factor
Abiotic factor
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
are the non-living parts of an organism's habitat.
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
28 terms
Biology - Unit 2: Ecology
heterotroph
trophic level
nitrogen fixation
dentrification
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The position of an organism in relation to the flow of energy…
Process of converting nitrogen gas into nitrogen compounds th…
soil bacteria convert fixed nitrogen compounds back into gas,…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
trophic level
The position of an organism in relation to the flow of energy…
29 terms
Biology - Ch 2: Ecology
Ecology
biosphere
biotic factors
abiotic factors
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
the portion of Earth that supports life
living factors in an organism's environment... ex: plants & othe…
the nonliving factors in an organism's environment... ex: temper…
Ecology
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
biosphere
the portion of Earth that supports life
49 terms
bio ecology test 2
What's a producer?
What does deciduous mean? What's a dec…
define ecology?
what's the benthic zone?
the bottom level of a food web or chain. The plants.
It means to shedding leaves annually, this refers to the tree…
the branch of biology that studies the interactions between o…
An ecological region at the very bottom of the sea. It includ…
What's a producer?
the bottom level of a food web or chain. The plants.
What does deciduous mean? What's a dec…
It means to shedding leaves annually, this refers to the tree…
48 terms
Biology - Ecology (Ch 2)
Food Chain
Food web
ecology
ecologist
Simple model that shows how energy flows through an ecosystem
a model representing the many interconnected food chains and…
study of the relationships among living organisms and the int…
scientist that studies ecology
Food Chain
Simple model that shows how energy flows through an ecosystem
Food web
a model representing the many interconnected food chains and…
33 terms
Biology Core III Test 2 Ecology
Population Ecology
Population
Density
Dispersion
The study of populations in relation to their environment, in…
A group of individuals of a single species living in the same…
the number of individuals per unit area or volume
the pattern of spacing among individuals within the boundarie…
Population Ecology
The study of populations in relation to their environment, in…
Population
A group of individuals of a single species living in the same…
14 terms
Biology-Unit 2 Ecology
parasitism
niche
commensalism
species
-a relationship in which one species benefits and the other i…
-full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
-a relationships in which one species benefits and the other…
-a group of organisms so similar that they are able to breed…
parasitism
-a relationship in which one species benefits and the other i…
niche
-full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
30 terms
Biology Test 2: Ecology; Section 2
energy
why is energy needed by individual org…
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
the capacity of work
to maintain life
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be transfor…
whenever energy is transformed or transferred, it is lost as…
energy
the capacity of work
why is energy needed by individual org…
to maintain life
27 terms
Ecology 2- Biology (Thessen)
biotic factor
abiotic factor
limiting factor
carrying capacity
anything that is alive that effects a populations size
anything that is not alive that effects a populations size
anything that prevents a population from growing indefinitely
the maximum population size of one species that an ecosystem…
biotic factor
anything that is alive that effects a populations size
abiotic factor
anything that is not alive that effects a populations size
125 terms
Ecology Test 2
sexually dimorphic
morphic species
hemaphrodite
stamen
can visually tell female from male (ex. peacocks)
no striking difference between males and females
born with reproductive organs of both male and female
the male fertilizing organ of a flower, typically consisting…
sexually dimorphic
can visually tell female from male (ex. peacocks)
morphic species
no striking difference between males and females
80 terms
Biology-Ecology
Ecology
Population
Community
Ecosystem
The study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and…
Group of individuals all of the same SPECIES LIVING in the SA…
Group of populations living in the same area.
This describes the interrelationships between the organisms i…
Ecology
The study of the distribution and abundance of organisms and…
Population
Group of individuals all of the same SPECIES LIVING in the SA…
13 terms
IB Biology Ecology 4.2
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Herbivores
Carnivores
1. Light enters the chloroplast of the leaf cells.... 2. Chlorop…
- Ex. with grass and a grasshopper.... Inside the grasshopper, t…
- First consumers (eat the producers)
- Second consumers (eat the herbivores)
Photosynthesis
1. Light enters the chloroplast of the leaf cells.... 2. Chlorop…
Cellular respiration
- Ex. with grass and a grasshopper.... Inside the grasshopper, t…
26 terms
Mrs. Hay's Ecology Test 2 Biology
density
producer
consumer
trophic level
how condensed to organisms are in a given area
An organism that can make its own food. an Autotroph
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms…
Each step in a food chain or food web
density
how condensed to organisms are in a given area
producer
An organism that can make its own food. an Autotroph
44 terms
Biology Test 2-- Community Ecology
intraspecific interaction
interspecific interaction
main factors that affect communities
Exploitative/ Resource competition
competition b/n members of the same species
competition b/n organisms of different species
competition, predation, herbivory
organisms compete indirectly through the consumption of a lim…
intraspecific interaction
competition b/n members of the same species
interspecific interaction
competition b/n organisms of different species
5 terms
Ecology Test 2 (Ecological pyramids)
Three ecological pyramids
Numbers pyramid
Biomass pyramid
Energy pyramid
-Numbers... -Biomass... -Energy
-More bias (size and numbers)... -The smallest section of the py…
-More bias (size and numbers)... -Can be inverted in open water…
-Best pyramid... -Bias towards grazing food chain:... Omnivores an…
Three ecological pyramids
-Numbers... -Biomass... -Energy
Numbers pyramid
-More bias (size and numbers)... -The smallest section of the py…
60 terms
Ecology Test 2
Life History
The causes of variation in life histor…
Human life histories
Nature vs. Nurture
The major events relating to an organism's growth development…
Nature vs. Nurture... Genetic Differences ... Environmental differe…
Average age of birth of first child: 25.6... Average number of c…
They both play a major role in the influence of the upbringin…
Life History
The major events relating to an organism's growth development…
The causes of variation in life histor…
Nature vs. Nurture... Genetic Differences ... Environmental differe…
32 terms
Biology Test 2: Ecology; Section 3
what is biodiversity?
why is biodiversity important to an ec…
what is extinction?
what is population density?
the number of different species in an ecosystem
leads to more interdependence and creates higher resilience
extinction is the loss of all members of a particular species
the number of individuals divided by the amount of space
what is biodiversity?
the number of different species in an ecosystem
why is biodiversity important to an ec…
leads to more interdependence and creates higher resilience
Ecology test 2
american avocet
snowy egret
american white pelican
northern harrier hawk (marsh hawk)
american avocet
snowy egret
76 terms
Ecology Test 2 field trips
Greenside Darter
Saffron Shiner
large scale stone roller
Saffron shiner
male red lips in breading season
Greenside Darter
Saffron Shiner
male red lips in breading season
36 terms
Biology Unit 2 Review- Ecology
Biosphere
Ecology
How are "ecology" and "economics" rela…
Biotic Factors
Consists of all life on Earth, all parts of the Earth on/in w…
The study of how organisms react with their surroundings and…
Humans live in the biosphere and depend on ecological process…
Biological influences on organisms; any part of the environme…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth, all parts of the Earth on/in w…
Ecology
The study of how organisms react with their surroundings and…
29 terms
Biology Unit 2: Ecology
ecology
community
population
ecosystem
the study of interactions among things, between things, and t…
a group of different species that live together in one area
a group of the same species that lives in one area
includes all of the organisms as well as the climate, soil, w…
ecology
the study of interactions among things, between things, and t…
community
a group of different species that live together in one area
127 terms
Ecology Test 2
Trophic Biology
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Domains of Life and Trophic Biology
Pertaining to nutrition, where does the organism get energy
-'Auto' = self, 'Troph' = nutrition ... -Inorganic sources of c…
-'Hetero' = other, 'Troph' = nutrition ... -Organic molecules a…
1. Prokaryotes (bacteria, archaea): prokaryotes draw on a gre…
Trophic Biology
Pertaining to nutrition, where does the organism get energy
Autotrophs
-'Auto' = self, 'Troph' = nutrition ... -Inorganic sources of c…
10 terms
Biology chapter 2 ecology
biodiversity
ecosystem
biotic factor
abiotic factor
number of different species living in a specific area
biological community and all the non-living factors that affe…
the living factors in an organism's environment
the non-living factors in an organism's environment
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
ecosystem
biological community and all the non-living factors that affe…
92 terms
Biology- Evolution & Ecology #2
Chromosome
DNA
Nucleotide
Helicase
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities…
a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate g…
Enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic acid or nuclei…
Chromosome
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities…
Chapter 2 - Biology: Ecology
Ecology
The Biosphere
Biotic Factors & Abiotic Factors
Levels of Organization
Relationships among living organisms and the interaction with…
A thin layer around Earth that supports life. ... - Extends abo…
Biotic - living factors in an organisms enviroment ... Abiotic-…
Levels increase in complexity as the numbers and interactions…
Ecology
Relationships among living organisms and the interaction with…
The Biosphere
A thin layer around Earth that supports life. ... - Extends abo…
34 terms
Ecology & evolution test 2
Members of same species must be able to
Types of isolation
Which chromosome fused in humans?
Humans and chimps, humans and monkeys…
Interbreed and produce fertile offspring under natural condit…
Dispersal & Vicariance
Chromosome 2
mouse and rat
Members of same species must be able to
Interbreed and produce fertile offspring under natural condit…
Types of isolation
Dispersal & Vicariance
52 terms
Biology Unit 2: Ecology
Organism
Population
Community
Biome
- an individual animal, plant, or single celled life form
- a group of individuals of the same species that live in the…
- all producers, consumers, and decomposers working together…
- a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna oc…
Organism
- an individual animal, plant, or single celled life form
Population
- a group of individuals of the same species that live in the…
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