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Study sets matching "test biology 101 chapter 14"

26 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
character
trait
hybridization
alleles
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
each variant for a character
mating or crossing of 2 true-breeding varieties
alternative versions of a gene; arise from variations in the…
character
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
trait
each variant for a character
Biology 101 Chapter 14
Pedigrees
Transposable element
Duplications
Inversion
Chart of family connections that shows the appearance
Segment of DNA that can move
Repeated section of a chromosome
Structural rearrangement of a chromosome in which part of the…
Pedigrees
Chart of family connections that shows the appearance
Transposable element
Segment of DNA that can move
26 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
character
trait
hybridization
alleles
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
each variant for a character
mating or crossing of 2 true-breeding varieties
alternative versions of a gene; arise from variations in the…
character
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
trait
each variant for a character
59 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 14
what does the circulatory system consi…
function of the heart
function of blood vessels
function of blood
heart, blood vessels, and blood
for pumping blood into blood vessels
a network of tubes to transport blood
composed of blood cells and blood plasma to circulate substan…
what does the circulatory system consi…
heart, blood vessels, and blood
function of the heart
for pumping blood into blood vessels
14 terms
biology 101 chapter 14
An XO women is fertile
human males determine the gender of th…
Charcot marie thooth disease is an X l…
XYY males are fertile
false
true
true
true
An XO women is fertile
false
human males determine the gender of th…
true
Biology 101 Chapter 14
Cloning
Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
Recombinant DNA Technology
Restriction Enzyme
The production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells…
DNA that contains DNA from two or more sources, such as a hum…
Used to clone DNA, by isolating and amplifying a specific seq…
Enzyme that is used to cut the DNA at a specific sequence cal…
Cloning
The production of genetically identical copies of DNA, cells…
Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
DNA that contains DNA from two or more sources, such as a hum…
28 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
Stamen
Carpels
Cross Polination
True Breeding
Sperm producing organs of pea plants
Egg producing organs of pea plants
Fertilization between different plants
Plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
Stamen
Sperm producing organs of pea plants
Carpels
Egg producing organs of pea plants
21 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
Bryophyte
Cuticle
Gametophyte
Lignin
Member of an early evolving plant lineage that does not have…
Secreted covering at a body surface
Haploid gamete-forming Stage in a plant life cycle
Material that stiffens cell walls of vascular plants
Bryophyte
Member of an early evolving plant lineage that does not have…
Cuticle
Secreted covering at a body surface
16 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
pedigree
duplication
inversion
translocation
chart of family connections that shows the appearance of a tr…
repeated section of a chromosome
structural rearrangement of a chromosome in which part of the…
structural change of a chromosome in which broken piece gets…
pedigree
chart of family connections that shows the appearance of a tr…
duplication
repeated section of a chromosome
16 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus a…
Staphylococcus aureus
Antibiotics
Beta-lactams
Infectious bacterium... Difficult to treat with antibiotics... Ki…
Some strains are harmless, other cause disease... Drug-resistan…
Chemicals that either kill bacteria or slow their growth ... In…
are the most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics. They w…
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus a…
Infectious bacterium... Difficult to treat with antibiotics... Ki…
Staphylococcus aureus
Some strains are harmless, other cause disease... Drug-resistan…
15 terms
Biology 101- Chapter 14
dna cloning
recombinant dna
vector
plasmid
______ is producing many identical copies of a specific gene…
Contains genes from two or more different sources. It is made…
A way to transfer foreign DNA into a cell.
Examples of common vectors. An accessory ring of DNA in bacte…
dna cloning
______ is producing many identical copies of a specific gene…
recombinant dna
Contains genes from two or more different sources. It is made…
11 terms
Biology 101 chapter 14
dominant allele
recessive allele
law of segregation
homozygous
..., an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism wh…
an allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present.
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
dominant allele
..., an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism wh…
recessive allele
an allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present.
31 terms
biology 101 chapter 14
scientist credited with the discovery…
one who only inherits the same trait o…
mating two contrasting, true-breeding…
true breeding parents are called
mendel
true breeding
hybridization
P generation
scientist credited with the discovery…
mendel
one who only inherits the same trait o…
true breeding
15 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
true-breeding
hybridization
alleles
law of segregation
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
The crossing of two true-breeding parents.
Different forms of a gene
Mendel's law that states that the pairs of homologous chromos…
true-breeding
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
hybridization
The crossing of two true-breeding parents.
Biology 101: Chapter 14
What are characters
What are character variants
What is cross-pollination
What is true breeding
varieties with distinct heritable features
traits
fertilization between different plants can be achieved by dus…
plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
What are characters
varieties with distinct heritable features
What are character variants
traits
17 terms
Biology 101, chapter 14
The flow of information in a cell proc…
A codon consists of _____ bases and sp…
Where does RNA polymerase begin transc…
What is the function of RNA polymerase?
from DNA to RNA to protein
three ... amino acid
It starts after a certain nucleotide sequence called a promot…
It unwinds the double helix and adds nucleotides to a growing…
The flow of information in a cell proc…
from DNA to RNA to protein
A codon consists of _____ bases and sp…
three ... amino acid
46 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 14
Macroevolution
What does Macroevolution cover?
What are Biological Species?
What are the two types of isolating me…
Evolution on a grand scale
The origins of new taxonomic groups, mass extinctions, adapti…
Groups of interbreeding populations that are reproductively i…
Pre-Zygotic Isolating Mechanisms.... Post-Zygotic Isolation Mec…
Macroevolution
Evolution on a grand scale
What does Macroevolution cover?
The origins of new taxonomic groups, mass extinctions, adapti…
34 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14
The blending hypothesis
The particulate hypothesis
Character
Trait
Idea that genetic material from the two parents blends togeth…
Idea that parents pass on discrete genes.
A heritable feature that varies among individuals (flower col…
Each variant for a character like purple or white color for f…
The blending hypothesis
Idea that genetic material from the two parents blends togeth…
The particulate hypothesis
Idea that parents pass on discrete genes.
23 terms
Biology H101 Chapter 14
What is natural selection?
What is the allele frequency?
What is the gene pool?
What are the 4 mechanisms that influen…
The evolutionary process by which a population adapts to its…
The proportion (percentage) of a particular allele in a popul…
The sum of all genetic information carried by all individuals…
Mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection
What is natural selection?
The evolutionary process by which a population adapts to its…
What is the allele frequency?
The proportion (percentage) of a particular allele in a popul…
12 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14 Review
Linnaean Classification ... (Dude, King P…
Species- morphological ... Genus- capita…
Species- biological
Species- phylogenetic
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order ... Family... Genus... Species
Based on morphological characteristics ... Strengths: prevents c…
Group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile of…
Group based on evolutionary relationship ... Weakness: (1) requi…
Linnaean Classification ... (Dude, King P…
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order ... Family... Genus... Species
Species- morphological ... Genus- capita…
Based on morphological characteristics ... Strengths: prevents c…
78 terms
Biology 101 Review 4 Chapter 14,15,16,17
blending inheritance
particulate inheritance
true breeding
self-fertilization
Mendel's work disproved... An outdated, disreputed theory that t…
in which inherited characteristic are carried by discrete uni…
If an organism has a certain characteristic that is always pa…
Process in which gametes produced by the male and female part…
blending inheritance
Mendel's work disproved... An outdated, disreputed theory that t…
particulate inheritance
in which inherited characteristic are carried by discrete uni…
19 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14 Vocabulary (ashell)
hybridization
P generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
mating of 2 contrasting true-breeding varieties
true-breeding parents (homozygous parents)
(hybrid) the first filial generation of offspring of distinct…
the second filial generation, which is compromised of offspri…
hybridization
mating of 2 contrasting true-breeding varieties
P generation
true-breeding parents (homozygous parents)
22 terms
bio 101 chapter 14
inheritance
gene
gene: locus
gene: allele
passing down character traits from parent to offspring
part of the DNA on the chromosome that encodes for a particul…
specific location on a chromosome
different forms of gene (dominant vs recessive)
inheritance
passing down character traits from parent to offspring
gene
part of the DNA on the chromosome that encodes for a particul…
36 terms
Biology 101 Maxwell Chapter 14 Vocab
Character
Trait
True breeding
Hybridization
heritable feature that varies among individuals
variant of a character
plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
mating two contrasting, true-breeding varieties
Character
heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
variant of a character
Biology 101 Chapter 14 Human Inheritance
genetic abnormality
genetic disorder
homologous pairs
xy
rare version of an inherited trait (6 fingers, webbed toes)
inherited condition causing medical problems
humans have 23 of these
male sex chromosomes
genetic abnormality
rare version of an inherited trait (6 fingers, webbed toes)
genetic disorder
inherited condition causing medical problems
18 terms
Biology Chapter 14
FOSSIL
PALEONTOLOGIST
RELATIVE DATING
LAW OF SUPERPOSITION
Preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
Scientist who studies fossils.
Method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing the ro…
States that the oldest layer of rock are found at the bottom…
FOSSIL
Preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
PALEONTOLOGIST
Scientist who studies fossils.
35 terms
Chapter 14 - Mendel and the Gene Idea - Biology 101
Character
Trait
True Breeding
Hybridization
name for a heritable feature, such as flower color, that vari…
each variant for a specific characteristic that varies from o…
Organisms that produce offspring of the same variety as the p…
Cross of two contrasting true breeding varieties
Character
name for a heritable feature, such as flower color, that vari…
Trait
each variant for a specific characteristic that varies from o…
32 terms
Michael Johnson Biology 101 Chapter 14
Serosa
Submucosa
Mucosa
Muscularis
A thin sheath of connective tissue that surrounds & protects…
A layer of connective tissue containing blood vessels, lymph…
The innermost layer of connective tissue which nutrients must…
The 3rd layer of GI tract tissue lined with smooth muscle. Re…
Serosa
A thin sheath of connective tissue that surrounds & protects…
Submucosa
A layer of connective tissue containing blood vessels, lymph…
19 terms
Biology Week 11 Chapter 14
motility
pseudopod
cilia
Protist
ability to move
false feet, used for movement
used for movement, similar to flagella except they are shorte…
simplest eukaryotes, not animals, plants or fungi
motility
ability to move
pseudopod
false feet, used for movement
23 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 14 Human Inheritance
genetic abnormality
genetic disorder
homologous pairs
xy
rare version of an inherited trait (6 fingers, webbed toes)
inherited condition causing medical problems
humans have 23 of these
male sex chromosomes
genetic abnormality
rare version of an inherited trait (6 fingers, webbed toes)
genetic disorder
inherited condition causing medical problems
50 terms
ECON 101: Chapter 14
A
C
C
C
1) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the mark…
2) Brand names are an example of ... A) economies of scale.... B) i…
3) Monopolistic competition is a market structure in which ... A…
4) All of the following characteristics apply to monopolistic…
A
1) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the mark…
C
2) Brand names are an example of ... A) economies of scale.... B) i…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 14
genome
karyotype
sex chromosome
autosome
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
Micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
One of two chromosomes that determines an individual's sex (X…
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; also called autosoma…
genome
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
karyotype
Micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 14
evolution
lethal mutation
geographic isolation
fossil
The changes in a population over time.
A mutation that results in the death of an organism.
The separation of a population into two populations that have…
The remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past.
evolution
The changes in a population over time.
lethal mutation
A mutation that results in the death of an organism.
58 terms
BIO101 Chapter 14
The two ways protein is made from DNA
How RNA differs from DNA
Where is DNA located?
Transcription
transcription and translation
ribose instead of deoxyribose; uracil (U) instead of thymine…
Bacteria - cytoplasm... Eukaryotes - starts in nucleus (transcri…
uses DNA code to synthesize mRNA and catalyzed by RNA polymer…
The two ways protein is made from DNA
transcription and translation
How RNA differs from DNA
ribose instead of deoxyribose; uracil (U) instead of thymine…
6 terms
Chapter 14 Biology 101 Homework Questions
What process is responsible for the in…
How do cells acquire homologous chromo…
Which of the following statements most…
True or false? The principle of indepe…
Meiosis.
Fusion of gametes
Alleles of different genes segregate from one another in a ra…
False
What process is responsible for the in…
Meiosis.
How do cells acquire homologous chromo…
Fusion of gametes
18 terms
Biology Chapter 14
Habitat
Niche
Competition
Competitive Exclusion
All aspects of the area in which an organism lives (all bioti…
Includes all the factors needed by an organism to survive, st…
Occurs when two species use the resources in the same way
Keeps two species from occupying the same niche
Habitat
All aspects of the area in which an organism lives (all bioti…
Niche
Includes all the factors needed by an organism to survive, st…
32 terms
BIO 101 Chapter 14 Vocab
Autophagy
Central Vacuole
Chlorophyll
Chloroplast
process of breaking down and recycling malfunctioning or worn…
a large vacuole found only in plant cells
primary pigment in plants; absorbs light in photosynthesis
organelle that contains chlorophyll and carries out photosynt…
Autophagy
process of breaking down and recycling malfunctioning or worn…
Central Vacuole
a large vacuole found only in plant cells
26 terms
Biology: Chapter 14 vocab
Habitat
Ecological Niche
Competitive Exclusion
Ecological Equivalent
all the biotic and abiotic factors in an area where an organi…
all the physical, chemical, and ecological factorsthat a spec…
When two species are COMPETING for the same resources, one sp…
Species that occupy similar niches but live in different geog…
Habitat
all the biotic and abiotic factors in an area where an organi…
Ecological Niche
all the physical, chemical, and ecological factorsthat a spec…
56 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 14
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
What questions was Mendel trying to an…
Branch of biology that focuses on inheritance
Is the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
Is any characteristic of an individual
-Why offspring resemble their parents ... -How transmission of t…
Genetics
Branch of biology that focuses on inheritance
Heredity
Is the transmission of traits from parents to their offspring
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Trait
P Generation
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
every variant for a character
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
-first filial generation... -hybrid offspring of P generation
-second filial generation... -offspring of F1 hybrids w/ self po…
Trait
every variant for a character
P Generation
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
33 terms
ART 101 Chapter 14
de Medici
deductive reasoning
figure triangle
genre
Florence was ruled by the powerful __________ family
the medieval scientific approach to explaining natural phenom…
common in renaissance compositions, a triangular arrangement…
ordinary and common place subject matter; scenes from everyda…
de Medici
Florence was ruled by the powerful __________ family
deductive reasoning
the medieval scientific approach to explaining natural phenom…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 14
genome
karyotype
sex chromosome
autosome
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
Micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
One of two chromosomes that determines an individual's sex (X…
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; also called autosoma…
genome
Entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
karyotype
Micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
14 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter 14: The Origin of Species
Microevolution is
The ______ species concept is the most…
When a horse and a donkey mate, they p…
Two species of clams inhabit the same…
changes in the gene pool of a population form one generation…
morphological
biological ... different species
temporal isolation
Microevolution is
changes in the gene pool of a population form one generation…
The ______ species concept is the most…
morphological
43 terms
Chapter 14 BUS 101
Accounting
CPA
Prive accountants
Managerial accounting
recording measurement and interpretation of financial informa…
a person who has been state certified to provide accounting s…
accountants employed by large corporations, government agenci…
the internal use of accounting statements by managers in plan…
Accounting
recording measurement and interpretation of financial informa…
CPA
a person who has been state certified to provide accounting s…
17 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 14 The History of Life
extinction
fossil
paleontologist
relative dating
the death of all individuals of a species
any preserved evidence of an organism
A scientist who studies fossils
a method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing them…
extinction
the death of all individuals of a species
fossil
any preserved evidence of an organism
26 terms
Biology Chapter 14, Interactions in Ecosystems
habitat
ecological niche
competitive exclusion
ecological equivalent
A place where an organism lives
A specific role of a species within an ecosystem, including i…
the process that occurs when two different species in a regio…
organisms that share a similar niche but live in different ge…
habitat
A place where an organism lives
ecological niche
A specific role of a species within an ecosystem, including i…
26 terms
Biology chapter 14
Habitat
Ecological niche
Competitive exclusion
Ecological equivalent
combined biotic and abiotic factors found in the area where a…
all of the physical, chemical, and biological factors that a…
theory that states that no two species can occupy the same ni…
organisms that share a similar niche but live in different ge…
Habitat
combined biotic and abiotic factors found in the area where a…
Ecological niche
all of the physical, chemical, and biological factors that a…
8 terms
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 14: Nutrition
aerobic
nutrients
calorie
vegan
Requiring oxygen to metabolize
Ingredients in food that are required by the body.
A measure of the amount of heat stored in food. One Calorie i…
A vegetarian who consumes only plant products, eating no anim…
aerobic
Requiring oxygen to metabolize
nutrients
Ingredients in food that are required by the body.
10 terms
Chapter 14 Art History 101
Characteristics of Baroque Art
Bernini, David (Italy)
Caravaggio, the calling of saint matth…
Gentileschi, Judith and her maidservan…
...
Characteristics of Baroque Art
...
Bernini, David (Italy)
17 terms
Biology Chapter 14 Vocabulary The History of Life
fossil
paleontologist
relative dating
law of superposition
any preserved evidence of an organism
scientist who studies fossils
method used to determine age of rocks by comparing them with…
relative dating is based off of this; states that younger lay…
fossil
any preserved evidence of an organism
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
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