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Study sets matching "test chapter 12 ib history"

27 terms
IB Economics- chapter 12
Negative externalities of production/e…
Governments solutions to negative exte…
Positive externalities of production/e…
Governments actions to enhance positiv…
These occur when the production of a good or service creates…
Government could tax the firm to increase the firm's private…
These occur when the production of a good or service creates…
Government could subsidize the firms that contribute to a ben…
Negative externalities of production/e…
These occur when the production of a good or service creates…
Governments solutions to negative exte…
Government could tax the firm to increase the firm's private…
20 terms
IB Chapter 12
Strategy:
Visionary leadership:
Organizational Culture:
Organizational processes:
a planned set of actions that managers employ to make best us…
a quality of executive management that provides inspirational…
the pattern of shared values, behavioral norms, systems, poli…
the managerial routines, behaviors, & mechanisms that allow t…
Strategy:
a planned set of actions that managers employ to make best us…
Visionary leadership:
a quality of executive management that provides inspirational…
18 terms
IB Biology Chapter 12
Genome
Somatic Cells
Gametes
How many chromosomes does a normal hum…
All the genetic information in an organism (its endowment); a…
Any cell in a multi-cellular organism except a sperm or egg o…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
46 (23 from either side)
Genome
All the genetic information in an organism (its endowment); a…
Somatic Cells
Any cell in a multi-cellular organism except a sperm or egg o…
19 terms
IB U.S History Chapter 12
American Colonization Society
Chattel Principle
Benevolent Masters
"Positive Good" Argument
Reflecting the focus of early abolitionists on transporting f…
A system of bondage in which a slave has the legal status of…
Slave owners who considered themselves committed to the welfa…
An argument in the 1830s that the institution of slavery was…
American Colonization Society
Reflecting the focus of early abolitionists on transporting f…
Chattel Principle
A system of bondage in which a slave has the legal status of…
9 terms
IB Music chapter 12
Sacred music
Secular music
Genre
Symphony
Religious or spiritual music, for church or devotional use. (…
Nonreligious music; when there is text, it is usually in the…
General term describing the standard category and overall cha…
Large work for orchestra, generally in three or four movement…
Sacred music
Religious or spiritual music, for church or devotional use. (…
Secular music
Nonreligious music; when there is text, it is usually in the…
23 terms
IB Chapter 12
Strategy
Profitability
Profit Growth
Value Creation
actions managers take to attain the firm's goals
a ratio or rate of return concept
the percentage increase in net profits over time
Performing activities that increase the value of goods and se…
Strategy
actions managers take to attain the firm's goals
Profitability
a ratio or rate of return concept
95 terms
IB Tacitus Running Vocabulary Chapter 12
mirus, a, um
certamen, certaminis, n.
procer, proceris, m.
decerno, decernere, decrevi, decretus
remarkable
struggle, contest
leading men of the country
to decide, settle, resolve
mirus, a, um
remarkable
certamen, certaminis, n.
struggle, contest
IB Chapter 12
Cost Leadership
Differentiation
Global Integration
Local Responsiveness
Make products for a lower cost than competitors and attract c…
Products with features important to customers and distinct fr…
process of combining differentiated parts into a standardized…
process of disaggregating a standardized whole into different…
Cost Leadership
Make products for a lower cost than competitors and attract c…
Differentiation
Products with features important to customers and distinct fr…
IB Chapter 12
Consumer Panels
Environmental Scanning
Focus Group
Income Elasticity
Research in which a people record in personal diaries informa…
Ongoing process of gathering, analyzing, and dispensing infor…
unstructured but in-depth interview of a small group of indiv…
Sensitivity of demand for a product relative to changes in in…
Consumer Panels
Research in which a people record in personal diaries informa…
Environmental Scanning
Ongoing process of gathering, analyzing, and dispensing infor…
20 terms
IB HOA: Chapter 12
Battle of New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent
Rush-Bagot agreement
Tariff of 1816
its victory struck the country "like a clap of thunder" and A…
essentially an armistice (treaty from both sides agreeing not…
1817 agreement between Britain and the United States severely…
the first tariff in American history instituted primarily for…
Battle of New Orleans
its victory struck the country "like a clap of thunder" and A…
Treaty of Ghent
essentially an armistice (treaty from both sides agreeing not…
13 terms
IB Chapter 12
strategy
profitability
profit growth
value creation
actions managers take to attain the firm's goals
a ratio or rate of return concept
the percentage increase in net profit over time
the way to increase the profitability of a firm is to create…
strategy
actions managers take to attain the firm's goals
profitability
a ratio or rate of return concept
20 terms
Chapter 12 IB
market research
identify basic appeal
assess the national business environment
measure market or site potential
collection and analysis of information used to assist manager…
step 1 screening process... sustainability of climate, absolute…
step 2 screening process... cultural forces... political and legal…
stage 3 screening process... current sale, income elasticity, ma…
market research
collection and analysis of information used to assist manager…
identify basic appeal
step 1 screening process... sustainability of climate, absolute…
28 terms
IB Chapter 12
Strategy
Efficiency
Flexibility
Learning
a planned set of actions that managers employ to make best us…
the firm must build efficient international value chains
the firm must develop worldwide flexibility to accommodate di…
the firm must create the ability to learn from operating in i…
Strategy
a planned set of actions that managers employ to make best us…
Efficiency
the firm must build efficient international value chains
20 terms
IB Psychology Chapter 12
Drive Reduction Theory
Homeostasis
Yerkes-Dodson Law
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
The law dictates that performance increases with physiologica…
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with p…
Drive Reduction Theory
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
Homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
11 terms
IB CHAPTER 12
consumer panel
environmental scanning
Focus group
income elasticity
research in which people record in personal diaries informati…
ongoing process of gathering, analyzing, and dispensing infor…
unstructured but in depth interview of a small group of indiv…
sensitivity of demand for a product relative to change in inc…
consumer panel
research in which people record in personal diaries informati…
environmental scanning
ongoing process of gathering, analyzing, and dispensing infor…
IB chapter 12
Product
Consumer product
Business product
Marketing
Everything one receives in an exchange, including all tangibl…
A product purchase to satisfy personal and family needs.
A product bought for resale, for making other products, or fo…
The activities activities, set of institutions, and processes…
Product
Everything one receives in an exchange, including all tangibl…
Consumer product
A product purchase to satisfy personal and family needs.
12 terms
Chapter 12 IB
Investors
Borrowers
Market Makers
Cost of Capital
corporations with surplus cash, individuals, and non-bank fin…
individuals, companies, and governments
the financial service companies that connect investors and bo…
price of borrowing money or the rate of return that borrowers…
Investors
corporations with surplus cash, individuals, and non-bank fin…
Borrowers
individuals, companies, and governments
11 terms
Chapter 12 ib
Fight if flight
5 stress categories
Arousal
Yerkes dodson law
Increase hr adrenaline realeased stored glucose increased ale…
Voulentary ... Cumpolsary ... Stressful events ... Chronic ... Distanr st…
ANS controls bodily functions sympathetic is fight or flight…
Psych arousal helps preformance only to a certain piint upsid…
Fight if flight
Increase hr adrenaline realeased stored glucose increased ale…
5 stress categories
Voulentary ... Cumpolsary ... Stressful events ... Chronic ... Distanr st…
11 terms
Chapter 12 terms IB
strategic human resources management (…
high-performance work system (HPWS)
human capital
Job design
the main concern is how the effects of human resource managem…
a set of management practices that attempt to create an envir…
the set of skills that you have acquired on the job—through t…
the process of combining tasks to form a whole job
strategic human resources management (…
the main concern is how the effects of human resource managem…
high-performance work system (HPWS)
a set of management practices that attempt to create an envir…
25 terms
IB Chapter 12
strategy
profitability
profit growth
value creation
the actions that managers take to attain the goals of the firm
the rate of return the firm makes on its invested capital
percentage increase in profits over time
the value created by a firm is measured by the difference bet…
strategy
the actions that managers take to attain the goals of the firm
profitability
the rate of return the firm makes on its invested capital
22 terms
IB Chapter 12
Strategy
Profitability
Profit Growth
Value creation
Actions managers take to attain the firms goals
A ratio or rate of return concept
the percentage increase in net profits over time
performing activities that increase the value of goods or ser…
Strategy
Actions managers take to attain the firms goals
Profitability
A ratio or rate of return concept
9 terms
History Chapter 12
desert
sahara
Kalahari
rainforest
region with little rainfall and few plants
in northern africa
in southern Africa
a tropical area near the equator with huge trees and vines
desert
region with little rainfall and few plants
sahara
in northern africa
23 terms
IB Chapter 12
Strategy
Profitability
Profit growth
Value creation
Actions managers take to attain the firm's goals
A ratio or rate of return concept
The percentage increase in net profits over time
Performing activities that increase the value of goods or ser…
Strategy
Actions managers take to attain the firm's goals
Profitability
A ratio or rate of return concept
24 terms
IB Chapter 12 Vocab
One Ford
Strategy
Profitability
Profit Growth
A strategy pursued by the Ford Motor Company that focuses on…
Actions managers take to attain the firm's goals.
A ratio or rate of return concept.
The percentage increase in net profits over time.
One Ford
A strategy pursued by the Ford Motor Company that focuses on…
Strategy
Actions managers take to attain the firm's goals.
21 terms
IB Chapter 12
strategic alliance
contractual (non-equity-based) alliances
equity-based alliances
strategic investment
a voluntary agreement of cooperation between firms
associations between firms that are based on contracts and do…
alliances based on ownership or financial interest between th…
one firm investing in another as a strategic investor
strategic alliance
a voluntary agreement of cooperation between firms
contractual (non-equity-based) alliances
associations between firms that are based on contracts and do…
20 terms
History Chapter 12
The First estate was composed of
______ endured the reign of terror in…
France was predominately a ___________…
the tennis court oath was taken in
Clergy
France
Catholic
France
The First estate was composed of
Clergy
______ endured the reign of terror in…
France
20 terms
IB HOA: Chapter 12
Battle of New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent
Rush-Bagot agreement
Tariff of 1816
its victory struck the country "like a clap of thunder" and A…
essentially an armistice (treaty from both sides agreeing not…
1817 agreement between Britain and the United States severely…
the first tariff in American history instituted primarily for…
Battle of New Orleans
its victory struck the country "like a clap of thunder" and A…
Treaty of Ghent
essentially an armistice (treaty from both sides agreeing not…
72 terms
Ib bio chapter 12
biosphere
atmosphere
lithosphere
hydrosphere
all living things
gases in the air
all rocks
all water
biosphere
all living things
atmosphere
gases in the air
39 terms
IB Economics Chapter 12
Demand-side policies (AKA demand manag…
Current expenditures
Capital expenditures
Government budget
Policies that attempt to change aggregate demand in order to…
Refers to the day-to-day spending of a government e.g. wages…
Government spending on public investments or the production o…
A type of plan of a country's tax revenues and a government's…
Demand-side policies (AKA demand manag…
Policies that attempt to change aggregate demand in order to…
Current expenditures
Refers to the day-to-day spending of a government e.g. wages…
10 terms
IB- Chapter 12
Timing of Entry
First Mover Disadvantage
Pioneering Cost
Strategic Commitment
Entry is early when a firm enters a foreign market before oth…
Disadvantages associated with entering a foreign market befor…
Costs an early entrant bears that later entrants avoid such a…
A decision that has a long term impact and is difficult to re…
Timing of Entry
Entry is early when a firm enters a foreign market before oth…
First Mover Disadvantage
Disadvantages associated with entering a foreign market befor…
Chapter 12 The History of Life
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half Life
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
Atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
The amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
Relative Dating
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
Radiometric Dating
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
17 terms
US History Chapter 12 Vocab
Herbert Hoover
speculation
Black Tuesday
business cycle
31st President of the United States, Republican candidate who…
practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of obtainin…
October 29, 1929, when stock prices fell sharply in the Great…
periodic growth and contraction of the economy
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States, Republican candidate who…
speculation
practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of obtainin…
19 terms
IB- Chapter 12
Investors
Borrowers
Market Makers
Cost of Capital
include corporations with surplus cash, individuals, and non-…
include individuals, companies, and governments
are the financial service companies that connect investors an…
the price of borrowing money or the rate of return that borro…
Investors
include corporations with surplus cash, individuals, and non-…
Borrowers
include individuals, companies, and governments
10 terms
History Chapter 12- Oregon Fever!
Oregon Country
Rendezvous
Annex
Tejanos
today includes Oregon, Washington, Idaho, parts of Wyoming, M…
a meeting of Mountain Men and fur traders
to add
Mexicans who lived in Texas
Oregon Country
today includes Oregon, Washington, Idaho, parts of Wyoming, M…
Rendezvous
a meeting of Mountain Men and fur traders
20 terms
Chapter 12 IB HOTA
The primary achievement of the Mexican…
The primary cause of the Mexican Revol…
Francisco Madero decided to lead the a…
A prominent woman revolutionary, who a…
development of a coherent new nationalist ideology and an act…
unequal distribution of land and the resulting monopoly of po…
feared the alternative of a social revolution that would thre…
Juana Gutierrez De Mendoza
The primary achievement of the Mexican…
development of a coherent new nationalist ideology and an act…
The primary cause of the Mexican Revol…
unequal distribution of land and the resulting monopoly of po…
29 terms
US HISTORY CHAPTER 12
Cost-Plus Contracts
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Liberty Ships
War Production Board
Government incentive to pay cost plus a percent in order to e…
Goverment agency that gave money to business that made things…
Cargo Ships- made in Richmond Rosie the Riverters
Determined who got what for the war- controlled all military…
Cost-Plus Contracts
Government incentive to pay cost plus a percent in order to e…
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Goverment agency that gave money to business that made things…
13 terms
IB Geo Chapter 12 Vocab
Biodiversity
Ecosystem
Biotic
Abiotic
the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communi…
the living components of an ecosystem
the nonliving components of an ecosystem
Biodiversity
the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
Ecosystem
a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communi…
12 terms
I.IB: Chapter 12
Migrant laborers
Labor union
Injunction
Collective bargaining
People who move to another country for work.
Organization of workers whose goal is improving members' work…
Court order that immediately stops a person or group from car…
Negotiations between union workers and their employees on iss…
Migrant laborers
People who move to another country for work.
Labor union
Organization of workers whose goal is improving members' work…
Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative Dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
index fossil
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
a fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age tha…
Relative Dating
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
Radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
15 terms
IB Chapter 12
The rate of return that a firm makes o…
A strategy that focuses primarily on i…
_____ refer to cooperative agreements…
A(n) _____ strategy focuses on increas…
dividing the net profits of the firm by total invested capital.
false
Strategic alliances
localization
The rate of return that a firm makes o…
dividing the net profits of the firm by total invested capital.
A strategy that focuses primarily on i…
false
19 terms
IB: Chapter 12
market research
2 important issues concern managers du…
to accomplish the 2 goals, managers fo…
logistics
collection and analysis of information used to assist manager…
want to keep search costs as low as possible, want to examine…
identify basic appeal, assess the national business environme…
management of the physical flow of products from the point of…
market research
collection and analysis of information used to assist manager…
2 important issues concern managers du…
want to keep search costs as low as possible, want to examine…
32 terms
Chapter 12 IB2
Organizations cost base
6 elements for understanding cost base
Composition of an organizations cost b…
2 conclusions managers want to identif…
-identify the costs the oragnization will face and the impact…
1. The make up of their cost base ... 2. The percentage of their…
-made up of the total costs associated with delivering the or…
1. The percentage of our costs that are considered to be dire…
Organizations cost base
-identify the costs the oragnization will face and the impact…
6 elements for understanding cost base
1. The make up of their cost base ... 2. The percentage of their…
22 terms
IB 446 Chapter 12
Why the trend back toward localization…
Benefits of Global Marketing
What is Planning
What Does Planning Allow For?
-New efficiencies of customization... -Internet... -Flexible manufa…
1. When large market segments can be identified.... -ECONOMIES…
-THE JOB OF MAKING THINGS HAPPEN THAT MIGHT NOT OTHERWISE OCC…
-Rapid growth of the int'l function... -Changing markets... -Increa…
Why the trend back toward localization…
-New efficiencies of customization... -Internet... -Flexible manufa…
Benefits of Global Marketing
1. When large market segments can be identified.... -ECONOMIES…
20 terms
Chapter 12 of American History
republican
inauguration
ceremony
reduce
n.共和党人
n.就职典礼
n.典礼,仪式
v.减少
republican
n.共和党人
inauguration
n.就职典礼
57 terms
History Chapter 12 Georgia Highlands
Romanticism
Nationalism
Romanticism in American Painting
Walt Whitman
19th-century western European artistic and literary movement;…
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; devo…
The Hudson River School; a movement in the arts and literatur…
American poet and transcendentalist who was famous for his be…
Romanticism
19th-century western European artistic and literary movement;…
Nationalism
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; devo…
41 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 12
manifest destiny
Texas
Stephen Austin
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
The Republic of Texas was an independent nation, it's annexat…
Known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately s…
A Mexican general and dictator, who dominated Mexican politic…
manifest destiny
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
Texas
The Republic of Texas was an independent nation, it's annexat…
37 terms
AP History: Chapter 12 Terms
Amistad
Charles Grandison Finney
Edgar Allan Poe
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Ship on which Spanish captured slaves seized command of the v…
An evangelist preacher who emphasized the conversion experien…
"The Raven"; helped create the genres of detective fiction an…
A founder and leader of the American woman suffrage movement…
Amistad
Ship on which Spanish captured slaves seized command of the v…
Charles Grandison Finney
An evangelist preacher who emphasized the conversion experien…
33 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 12
manifest destiny
Elias Howe
Samuel F. B. Morse
Panic of 1857
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of…
In 1844, he invented the electric telegraph which allowed com…
Financial crash which sharply lowered Midwest farmers prices…
manifest destiny
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
Elias Howe
The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of…
26 terms
History Alive Chapter 12 & 13 - Africa
matrilineal
headdress
porter
deposit
based on a woman's family line
a decorative covering worn on the head, often as a sign of rank
a person who is hired to carry loads
a layer or mass of a material found in rock or in the ground
matrilineal
based on a woman's family line
headdress
a decorative covering worn on the head, often as a sign of rank
27 terms
Nate - Chapter 12 History Review
Andrew Jackson
Tom Thumb
Seneca Falls Convention
Who ruled Florida?
..., The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837),…
a small but powerful locomotive built by Peter Cooper in 1830…
(1848) the first national women's rights convention at which…
Spain ruled it along with a vast region from Texas to Califor…
Andrew Jackson
..., The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837),…
Tom Thumb
a small but powerful locomotive built by Peter Cooper in 1830…
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