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Study sets matching "test chapter 5 ap statistics"

17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
21 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Performing a Simulation
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a model that accurat…
There are four steps:... 1. State: Ask a question of interest.…
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
46 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
Sampling
Sample
Voluntary Response Sample
Population
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
People who choose themselves by responding to a general appea…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Sampling
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
Sample
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
44 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Population
Census
Sample
Sample Design
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
A complete count of the population ... Why we wont use Census al…
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
Refers to the METHOD used to choose the sample from the popul…
Population
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Census
A complete count of the population ... Why we wont use Census al…
22 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Bivariate Data
Response Variable
Explanatory Variable
Scatterplot
Positive Association
measures an outcome of a study
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable
shows the relationship between two quantitative variables mea…
data points that generally go upward from left to right, some…
Response Variable
measures an outcome of a study
Explanatory Variable
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable
14 terms
AP Statistics TPS5e Chapter 5 - probability
complementary events
P(at least 1)
mutually exclusive events (disjoint ev…
A ∩ B
two disjoint events that together make up the entire sample s…
1- P(none)
events that can't happen at the same time
A intersect B; the outcomes that are in A and that are also i…
complementary events
two disjoint events that together make up the entire sample s…
P(at least 1)
1- P(none)
8 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
probability
sample space (S)
probability model
event
of any outcome of a chance process is a number between 0 and…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
A description of some chance behavior that consists of two pa…
Designated by a capital letter, any collection of outcomes fr…
probability
of any outcome of a chance process is a number between 0 and…
sample space (S)
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
19 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
probability model
simulation
law of large numbers
probability
this describes chance behavior by listing the possible outcom…
An imitation of chance behavior
the proportion of times that a particular outcome occurs in m…
the long-run relative frequency of a chance outcome
probability model
this describes chance behavior by listing the possible outcom…
simulation
An imitation of chance behavior
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
11 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
pearson's sample correlation coefficient
principle of least squeares
residuals
residual plot
a measure of the extent to which sample x and y values are li…
method used to select a line that summarizes an approximate l…
Actual-predicted
scatterplot of the (x, residual) pairs... -isolated points or a…
pearson's sample correlation coefficient
a measure of the extent to which sample x and y values are li…
principle of least squeares
method used to select a line that summarizes an approximate l…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
23 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
bias
blocking
categorical data
census
any systematic failure of a sampling method to represent its…
a group of experimental units that are known before the exper…
data set that has categorical responses
a sample that consist of the entire population
bias
any systematic failure of a sampling method to represent its…
blocking
a group of experimental units that are known before the exper…
16 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Pearson Correlation Coefficient
Negative Relationship
Correlation coefficient
Positive relationship
The most popular measure of correlation Indicates the magnitu…
A relationship in which the values of one variable increase a…
A numerical assessment of the strength of relationship betwee…
A relationship in which increases in the values of the first…
Pearson Correlation Coefficient
The most popular measure of correlation Indicates the magnitu…
Negative Relationship
A relationship in which the values of one variable increase a…
68 terms
AP Statistics- Chapter 5
statistics
data
exploratory data analysis
probability
the science (and art) of learning from data
usually numbers with context (context engages our background…
analyzing data sets to summarize their main characteristics,…
the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur (quant…
statistics
the science (and art) of learning from data
data
usually numbers with context (context engages our background…
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
26 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
the group that makes up all the individuals of interest
the part of the population that we examine
Observational Study
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
Experiment
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
38 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
We observe individuals and measure variables of interest but…
We deliberately impose some treatment on (that is, do somethi…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
Observational Study
We observe individuals and measure variables of interest but…
Experiment
We deliberately impose some treatment on (that is, do somethi…
14 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Standardized Value
Shifting
Rescale
Normal Model
A standardized value is a value that is found by subtracting…
Shifting is adding a constant to each data value. This adds t…
This is when you multiply each data value by a constant. This…
The Normal model is a model that applies to unimodal, symmetr…
Standardized Value
A standardized value is a value that is found by subtracting…
Shifting
Shifting is adding a constant to each data value. This adds t…
26 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
the group that makes up all the individuals of interest
the part of the population that we examine
Observational Study
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
Experiment
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
AP STATISTICS - Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
deliberately imposing some treatment on or to do something to…
entire group of individuals that we want information about
part of the population that we examine in order to gather inf…
Observational Study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
Experiment
deliberately imposing some treatment on or to do something to…
38 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
Sampling
Sample
Voluntary Response Sample
Population
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
People who choose themselves by responding to a general appea…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Sampling
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
Sample
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
20 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
complement
Complement Rule
Conditional probability
Conditional probability formula
event "not A"
Probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the proba…
The probability of an event occurring given that another has…
the probability that an event will occur given that one or mo…
complement
event "not A"
Complement Rule
Probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the proba…
16 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
We observe individuals and measure variables of interests but…
We deliberately impose some treatment on individuals in order…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Is part of the population that we actually examine in order t…
Observational Study
We observe individuals and measure variables of interests but…
Experiment
We deliberately impose some treatment on individuals in order…
38 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary List - Chapter 5
Non-Response Bias
Lurking Variable
Simple Random Sample
Randomized Block Design
A bias caused by a number of people who did not respond to th…
A variable other than x and y that simultaneously affects bot…
A sample chosen in a way that every group of size n from a po…
The random assignment of subjects to treatments is carried ou…
Non-Response Bias
A bias caused by a number of people who did not respond to th…
Lurking Variable
A variable other than x and y that simultaneously affects bot…
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
47 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
Observe individuals and measure variables of interest but do…
Observations that deliberately impose some treatment (doing s…
The entire group of individuals that information is wanted on
A group chosen to represent a whole population
Observational Study
Observe individuals and measure variables of interest but do…
Experiment
Observations that deliberately impose some treatment (doing s…
40 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Notes
observational study
experiment
population
sample
observes individuals and measures variables but does not appl…
impose a treatment on individuals and observe the response. Y…
group of individuals that we want information about
part of the population that we can actually examine to gather…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables but does not appl…
experiment
impose a treatment on individuals and observe the response. Y…
26 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
population
sample
observational study
experiment
entire group that we are interested in
portion of the population that is observed
observing a sample with no influence and measuring a variable
imposing a treatment on a sample and measuring an outcome
population
entire group that we are interested in
sample
portion of the population that is observed
17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
21 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Performing a Simulation
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a model that accurat…
There are four steps:... 1. State: Ask a question of interest.…
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Performing a Simulation
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a model that accurat…
There are four steps:... 1. State: Ask a question of interest.…
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Law of Large Numbers
Probability
Simulation
Sample Space
as the number of identically distributed, randomly generated…
the chance that something will happen - how likely it is that…
a way to model random events
The set whose members are all possible outcome of a random ex…
Law of Large Numbers
as the number of identically distributed, randomly generated…
Probability
the chance that something will happen - how likely it is that…
21 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Law of Large Numbers
Probability
Simulation
Performing a Simulation
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a model that accurat…
There are four steps:... 1. State: Ask a question of interest.…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
55 terms
Mrs. L's AP Statistics Chapter 5
population
sample
variable
data
the entire group of individuals that we want information about
representative of an entire population
A variable is any characteristic whose value may change from…
results from making observations either on a single variable…
population
the entire group of individuals that we want information about
sample
representative of an entire population
13 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
center
median
spread
range
the mean or the median of a distribution
the middle value with half the data above and half below it
the standard deviation, interquartile range, and range of a d…
the difference between the highest and lowest values in a dat…
center
the mean or the median of a distribution
median
the middle value with half the data above and half below it
7 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Interpreting Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Conducting a simulation
Complementary Events
The probability of an event is the proportion of times the ev…
The Law of Large Numbers says that if we observe many repetit…
State: Ask a question about some chance process.... Plan: Descri…
Two mutually exclusive events whose union is the sample space…
Interpreting Probability
The probability of an event is the proportion of times the ev…
Law of Large Numbers
The Law of Large Numbers says that if we observe many repetit…
22 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Voluntary response sample
Confounded
Population
Sample
people who choose themselves by responding to general appeal
Two variables' effects on a response variable cannot be disti…
Entire group of individuals
Part of population that we examine
Voluntary response sample
people who choose themselves by responding to general appeal
Confounded
Two variables' effects on a response variable cannot be disti…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Center
Spread
Mean
Median
An attempt to summarize a data set with one value; a "typical…
Measures how much our data varies, or how tightly values are…
A measure of center; the average of the values in a data set
A measure of center; the middle value in a data set
Center
An attempt to summarize a data set with one value; a "typical…
Spread
Measures how much our data varies, or how tightly values are…
19 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Complement
Conditional Probability
Disjoint
Event
Event "not A"
Probability that one event happens given that another event i…
Separate or disconnected events
Any collection of outcomes from some chance process
Complement
Event "not A"
Conditional Probability
Probability that one event happens given that another event i…
7 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
law of large numbers
probability
simulation
note
with many repetitions the proportion for 1 outcome approaches…
a number between 0 and 1, describes the proportion of an outc…
an imitation of chance behavior based on a model of the situt…
chance behavior is unpredictable in the short run but has a r…
law of large numbers
with many repetitions the proportion for 1 outcome approaches…
probability
a number between 0 and 1, describes the proportion of an outc…
13 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Law of large numbers
Probability
Simulation
Sample space S
The proportion of a certain event occurring eventually closes…
The __________ of any outcome of a chance process is a number…
The imitation of chance behavior, based on a model that accur…
The set of all possible outcomes
Law of large numbers
The proportion of a certain event occurring eventually closes…
Probability
The __________ of any outcome of a chance process is a number…
36 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
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