Study sets matching "test chapter 5 ap statistics"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "test chapter 5 ap statistics"

17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
21 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Performing a Simulation
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a model that accurat…
There are four steps:... 1. State: Ask a question of interest.…
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
46 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
Sampling
Sample
Voluntary Response Sample
Population
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
People who choose themselves by responding to a general appea…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Sampling
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
Sample
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
44 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Population
Census
Sample
Sample Design
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
A complete count of the population ... Why we wont use Census al…
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
Refers to the METHOD used to choose the sample from the popul…
Population
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Census
A complete count of the population ... Why we wont use Census al…
8 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
probability
sample space (S)
probability model
event
of any outcome of a chance process is a number between 0 and…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
A description of some chance behavior that consists of two pa…
Designated by a capital letter, any collection of outcomes fr…
probability
of any outcome of a chance process is a number between 0 and…
sample space (S)
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
11 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
pearson's sample correlation coefficient
principle of least squeares
residuals
residual plot
a measure of the extent to which sample x and y values are li…
method used to select a line that summarizes an approximate l…
Actual-predicted
scatterplot of the (x, residual) pairs... -isolated points or a…
pearson's sample correlation coefficient
a measure of the extent to which sample x and y values are li…
principle of least squeares
method used to select a line that summarizes an approximate l…
23 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
bias
blocking
categorical data
census
any systematic failure of a sampling method to represent its…
a group of experimental units that are known before the exper…
data set that has categorical responses
a sample that consist of the entire population
bias
any systematic failure of a sampling method to represent its…
blocking
a group of experimental units that are known before the exper…
22 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Bivariate Data
Response Variable
Explanatory Variable
Scatterplot
Positive Association
measures an outcome of a study, the y-variable
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable, t…
shows the relationship between two quantitative variables mea…
data points that generally go upward from left to right, some…
Response Variable
measures an outcome of a study, the y-variable
Explanatory Variable
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable, t…
26 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
the group that makes up all the individuals of interest
the part of the population that we examine
Observational Study
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
Experiment
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
14 terms
AP Statistics TPS5e Chapter 5 - probability
complementary events
P(at least 1)
mutually exclusive events (disjoint ev…
A ∩ B
two disjoint events that together make up the entire sample s…
1- P(none)
events that can't happen at the same time
A intersect B; the outcomes that are in A and that are also i…
complementary events
two disjoint events that together make up the entire sample s…
P(at least 1)
1- P(none)
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
38 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
We observe individuals and measure variables of interest but…
We deliberately impose some treatment on (that is, do somethi…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
Observational Study
We observe individuals and measure variables of interest but…
Experiment
We deliberately impose some treatment on (that is, do somethi…
19 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
probability model
simulation
law of large numbers
probability
this describes chance behavior by listing the possible outcom…
An imitation of chance behavior
the proportion of times that a particular outcome occurs in m…
the long-run relative frequency of a chance outcome
probability model
this describes chance behavior by listing the possible outcom…
simulation
An imitation of chance behavior
38 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
Sampling
Sample
Voluntary Response Sample
Population
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
People who choose themselves by responding to a general appea…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Sampling
Asking a few individuals to find out information about many
Sample
A part of the population that we actually examine in order to…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
AP STATISTICS - Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
deliberately imposing some treatment on or to do something to…
entire group of individuals that we want information about
part of the population that we examine in order to gather inf…
Observational Study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
Experiment
deliberately imposing some treatment on or to do something to…
26 terms
Chapter 5 AP Statistics
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
the group that makes up all the individuals of interest
the part of the population that we examine
Observational Study
the measurement of data from individuals without trying to in…
Experiment
imposes a treatment on the individuals and observes the respo…
55 terms
Mrs. L's AP Statistics Chapter 5
population
sample
variable
data
the entire group of individuals that we want information about
representative of an entire population
A variable is any characteristic whose value may change from…
results from making observations either on a single variable…
population
the entire group of individuals that we want information about
sample
representative of an entire population
AP Statistics Chapter 5
complement
Complement Rule
Conditional probability
Conditional probability formula
event "not A"
Probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the proba…
The probability of an event occurring given that another has…
the probability that an event will occur given that one or mo…
complement
event "not A"
Complement Rule
Probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the proba…
16 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Observational Study
Experiment
Population
Sample
We observe individuals and measure variables of interests but…
We deliberately impose some treatment on individuals in order…
The entire group of individuals that we want information about
Is part of the population that we actually examine in order t…
Observational Study
We observe individuals and measure variables of interests but…
Experiment
We deliberately impose some treatment on individuals in order…
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
16 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Pearson Correlation Coefficient
Negative Relationship
Correlation coefficient
Positive relationship
The most popular measure of correlation Indicates the magnitu…
A relationship in which the values of one variable increase a…
A numerical assessment of the strength of relationship betwee…
A relationship in which increases in the values of the first…
Pearson Correlation Coefficient
The most popular measure of correlation Indicates the magnitu…
Negative Relationship
A relationship in which the values of one variable increase a…
40 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Notes
observational study
experiment
population
sample
observes individuals and measures variables but does not appl…
impose a treatment on individuals and observe the response. Y…
group of individuals that we want information about
part of the population that we can actually examine to gather…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables but does not appl…
experiment
impose a treatment on individuals and observe the response. Y…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
66 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
exploratory data analysis
sample
observational study
experiment
asks what the data tells us about the variables and their rel…
a group of individuals chosen to represent the entire populat…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest but d…
deliberately imposes some treatment on individuals in order t…
exploratory data analysis
asks what the data tells us about the variables and their rel…
sample
a group of individuals chosen to represent the entire populat…
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
population
sample
observational study
experiment
entire group that we are interested in
portion of the population that is observed
observing a sample with no influence and measuring a variable
imposing a treatment on a sample and measuring an outcome
population
entire group that we are interested in
sample
portion of the population that is observed
43 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
sample
observational study
experiment
confounded
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
deliberately imposing some treatment on individuals in order…
mixed up with; condition of explanatory and lurking variables
sample
representative of an entire population; a picture of the popu…
observational study
observes individuals and measures variables of interest, but…
13 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
center
median
spread
range
the mean or the median of a distribution
the middle value with half the data above and half below it
the standard deviation, interquartile range, and range of a d…
the difference between the highest and lowest values in a dat…
center
the mean or the median of a distribution
median
the middle value with half the data above and half below it
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
68 terms
AP Statistics- Chapter 5
statistics
data
exploratory data analysis
probability
the science (and art) of learning from data
usually numbers with context (context engages our background…
analyzing data sets to summarize their main characteristics,…
the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur (quant…
statistics
the science (and art) of learning from data
data
usually numbers with context (context engages our background…
AP Statistics Chapter 5
outcome
event
sample space
probability
the possible result of a situation or experiment
a single outcome or a group of outcomes
the set of all possible outcomes. { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 }
the numerical value from 0 to 1 that measures the likelihood…
outcome
the possible result of a situation or experiment
event
a single outcome or a group of outcomes
17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
19 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Complement
Conditional Probability
Disjoint
Event
Event "not A"
Probability that one event happens given that another event i…
Separate or disconnected events
Any collection of outcomes from some chance process
Complement
Event "not A"
Conditional Probability
Probability that one event happens given that another event i…
35 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Population
Sample
Census
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
All members of the population are surveyed
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want informati…
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
29 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Explanatory Variable
Response Variable
Lurking Variable
Variables
A variable that attempts to explain the observed outcomes. ... S…
A variable that measures the outcome of a study. ... Sometimes c…
A variable that is not among the explanatory or response in a…
Are confounded when their effects on a response variable cann…
Explanatory Variable
A variable that attempts to explain the observed outcomes. ... S…
Response Variable
A variable that measures the outcome of a study. ... Sometimes c…
17 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 5
Simple Random Sample (SRS)
Population
Sample
Bias
Sample in which each different sample of the same size has an…
The specific subjects/group you want to know something about.
Subgroup of the population that you actually gather informati…
Unintentional/not personal favoring another group or leaving…
Simple Random Sample (SRS)
Sample in which each different sample of the same size has an…
Population
The specific subjects/group you want to know something about.
14 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Standardized Value
Shifting
Rescale
Normal Model
A standardized value is a value that is found by subtracting…
Shifting is adding a constant to each data value. This adds t…
This is when you multiply each data value by a constant. This…
The Normal model is a model that applies to unimodal, symmetr…
Standardized Value
A standardized value is a value that is found by subtracting…
Shifting
Shifting is adding a constant to each data value. This adds t…
15 terms
AP Statistics vocab Chapter 5
addition rule
independent
probability
simulation
If A and B are mutually exclusive, P(A or B)= P(A) + P(B).aid…
two events A and B, if the occurrence of one event has no eff…
of any outcome of a chance process is a number between 0 and…
is an imitation of chance behavior, most often carried out wi…
addition rule
If A and B are mutually exclusive, P(A or B)= P(A) + P(B).aid…
independent
two events A and B, if the occurrence of one event has no eff…
Chapter 5- AP STATISTICS
population
sample
bias
experiment
entire group of individuals we want information about
part of the population that we actually examine in order to g…
systematically favors certain outcomes
impose some treatment on individuals in order to observe thei…
population
entire group of individuals we want information about
sample
part of the population that we actually examine in order to g…
21 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Performing a Simulation
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a model that accurat…
There are four steps:... 1. State: Ask a question of interest.…
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
12 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5
Voluntary Response Sample
Convenience Sampling
Biased
Undercoverage
Consists of people who chose themselves by responding to a ge…
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach.
The sampling method is biased of it systematically favors cer…
It occurs when some groups in the population are left out of…
Voluntary Response Sample
Consists of people who chose themselves by responding to a ge…
Convenience Sampling
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach.
19 terms
Ap Statistics Chapter 5
Complement of an Event A^C
Complement rule
Conditional Probability
Conditional probability formula
Refers to the event "not A."
The probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the p…
The probability that one event happens given that another eve…
To find the conditional probability ... P(B|A), use the formula…
Complement of an Event A^C
Refers to the event "not A."
Complement rule
The probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the p…
AP Statistics: Chapter 5
Observational Study
Design
Convenience Sampling
Voluntary Response Sample
No treatment is imposed and we are looking at data that alrea…
method used to choose the sample from the population
chooses from individual easiest to reach... example: Mall interv…
people who self select by responding to a general appeal... exam…
Observational Study
No treatment is imposed and we are looking at data that alrea…
Design
method used to choose the sample from the population
1 of 10