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Study sets matching "textiles"

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Study sets matching "textiles"

16 terms
Textiles
Texture
resiliency
durability
abrasion resistance
the nature of the fabric's surface
ability to return to original shape after twisting or crushin…
resistance to wear
ability to withstand rubbing from regular use
Texture
the nature of the fabric's surface
resiliency
ability to return to original shape after twisting or crushin…
17 terms
Textiles
button (n)
cloth (n)
dye (v)
fabric (n)
a small object to fasten something, for example a shirt or coat
a piece of material
to change the colour of some material
cloth or woven material
button (n)
a small object to fasten something, for example a shirt or coat
cloth (n)
a piece of material
77 terms
Textiles
regenerated fibres
synthetic fibres
natural fibres
green fibres
natural materials that are chemically treated ... used in clothi…
man-made fibres... made from polymers (mainly: coal and oil)... e.g…
come from natural sources - plants and animals... e.g cotton/lin…
from plants and other natural sustainable sources
regenerated fibres
natural materials that are chemically treated ... used in clothi…
synthetic fibres
man-made fibres... made from polymers (mainly: coal and oil)... e.g…
27 terms
Textiles
Loom
Purl Stich
Weft Knit
Warp Knit
Weaving Machine, Creates tension to make weaving easier.
Is constructed in the a vertical direction
Loom
Weaving Machine, Creates tension to make weaving easier.
Purl Stich
14 terms
Textiles
Plain weave
Twill weave
Jacquard weave
Satain weave
Warp and weft threads form a simple cris cross pattern. Fabri…
Warp and weft threads are offset to create a diagonal pattern…
A very complicated weave which creates a patterned fabric. Bo…
A complex arrangement of warp and weft threads allows longer…
Plain weave
Warp and weft threads form a simple cris cross pattern. Fabri…
Twill weave
Warp and weft threads are offset to create a diagonal pattern…
21 terms
Textiles
cotton
linen
silk
wool
strong, absorbent, cool to wear, hard-wearing, creases easily…
hard-wearing, cool, strong, absorbent, creases easily, no dra…
absorbent, soft, comfortable, cool and warm, lustrous finish,…
warm, absorbent, not flammable, elasticity, diff. weights of…
cotton
strong, absorbent, cool to wear, hard-wearing, creases easily…
linen
hard-wearing, cool, strong, absorbent, creases easily, no dra…
Textiles
Tensile Strength
Durability
Resiliency
Elasticity
Ability to withstand tension
Ability to withstand wear
Ability to spring back together
Ability to return to shape after stretching
Tensile Strength
Ability to withstand tension
Durability
Ability to withstand wear
25 terms
Textiles
cotton
linen
silk
wool
comes out of a boll and looks like white cotton candy
created from the flax plant
is harvested from a type of worm
obtained from sheep and other animals
cotton
comes out of a boll and looks like white cotton candy
linen
created from the flax plant
12 terms
Textiles
Satin
Wool
Leather
Lace
Satin
Wool
165 terms
Textiles
Textile fibers are categorized into th…
Micron
Era of manufactured fibers began in
manufactured fibers began with commerc…
Natural... Manufactured cellulosic ... Manufactured non-cellulosic
+ 1/1000 of a millimeter
early 1900s
rayon and acetate
Textile fibers are categorized into th…
Natural... Manufactured cellulosic ... Manufactured non-cellulosic
Micron
+ 1/1000 of a millimeter
146 terms
Textiles
Weaving
Loom
Jacquard loom
Selvage
interlacing of yarns at right angles to each other.
a frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or mor…
loom that weaves large, complex designs
tight, holds, keeps fabric from fraying. For prints.
Weaving
interlacing of yarns at right angles to each other.
Loom
a frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or mor…
21 terms
textiles
coverstitches
SPI
seamline
seam allowance
EFa. most common knit hem finish. two rows of stitching appea…
stitch per inch
place marked on the pattern piece where the stitching line wi…
distance from the seamline to the cut edge (raw edge) of the…
coverstitches
EFa. most common knit hem finish. two rows of stitching appea…
SPI
stitch per inch
9 terms
textiles terms
right sides together
selvedge
zipper foot
seam
Putting the sides with the main fabric pattern together on th…
The edge of the fabric hat has been manufactured so that it w…
A special foot on the sewing machine that is for sewing zips
Two pieces of fabric held together with stitching.
right sides together
Putting the sides with the main fabric pattern together on th…
selvedge
The edge of the fabric hat has been manufactured so that it w…
79 terms
textiles
Fiber:
Yarn:
Fabric -
Dyeing -
any substance with a high length to width ratio and suitable…
an assemblage of fibers that are twisted or laid together to…
the cloth produced by interlacing or interlooping yarns, or b…
adding color to textile materials or products.
Fiber:
any substance with a high length to width ratio and suitable…
Yarn:
an assemblage of fibers that are twisted or laid together to…
45 terms
TEXTILES
Hydrophobic fiber
Hydrophilic fiber
wickability
Flexability
does not absorb moisture
absorbs moisture
fibers abillity to transport water (or liquid) along the fibe…
fiber's ability to bend or fold without breaking
Hydrophobic fiber
does not absorb moisture
Hydrophilic fiber
absorbs moisture
20 terms
Textiles
Wool- Production
Wool fabric- Types
Advantages of wool
Disadvantages of wool
Sheep is sheared.... Fleece is graded, washed and dried.... Wool is…
Tweed, gabardine and crepe
Warm, absorbent, does not burn easily. Wool carpets are hardw…
Untreated wool shrinks when washed at a high temperature/ tum…
Wool- Production
Sheep is sheared.... Fleece is graded, washed and dried.... Wool is…
Wool fabric- Types
Tweed, gabardine and crepe
130 terms
Textiles
Textile Industry
Components of fiber
From Fibers we get Yarns.
Continuous strands that can be used to…
Apparel... Interior Furnishing... Industrial (Automobile, Sailboats)
individual fine hairlike structures, raw materials... High rati…
Yarns are groupings of natural or manufactured fibers that ar…
Fabrics are knitted or woven (cloth, piece of good, or materi…
Textile Industry
Apparel... Interior Furnishing... Industrial (Automobile, Sailboats)
Components of fiber
individual fine hairlike structures, raw materials... High rati…
50 terms
Textiles
Secure
Break easily
Produced by plants or animals
Cotton... Silk... Wool
What is an advantage of zips?
What is a disadvantage of zips?
How is a natural fibre made?
What is an example of a natural fibre?
Secure
What is an advantage of zips?
Break easily
What is a disadvantage of zips?
18 terms
Textiles
sub-culture
functional
stylistic
annotations
different cultural symbol-based traditions
practical - easy to use
more interesting and fashionable
notes for drawings
sub-culture
different cultural symbol-based traditions
functional
practical - easy to use
13 terms
Textiles
Straight repeat
Half drop repeat
Rotational repeat
Spot design
Measured intervals between motif in a straight line
Like a brick pattern
Repeating the motif in a circle
A single motif
Straight repeat
Measured intervals between motif in a straight line
Half drop repeat
Like a brick pattern
50 terms
Textiles
Abrasion Resistance
Absorbency
Durability
Elasticity
ability to withstand rubbing and folding
ability to take up moisture
Ability of an item to last a long time
An indication of the strength of the side bonds that hold the…
Abrasion Resistance
ability to withstand rubbing and folding
Absorbency
ability to take up moisture
10 terms
Textiles
Fibre
Yarn
Fabric
Cotton
any type of thread
made out of twisted fibre
made up of yarn woven together
natural fibre from trees and plants
Fibre
any type of thread
Yarn
made out of twisted fibre
19 terms
Textiles
Junky styling
Lay plan
Automated
Overlock
Disembling old garments and handmaking them into somethimg new
A plan for the best positioning of pattern pieces so less fab…
Controlled by machine rather then person
Kind of stitch that sews over the edge of one or two pieces o…
Junky styling
Disembling old garments and handmaking them into somethimg new
Lay plan
A plan for the best positioning of pattern pieces so less fab…
77 terms
Textiles
manner in which color is added to a te…
complex phenomenon that combines:... the…
consumers expect 2 things:
colorfastness is related to chemistry…
appearance... performance... rate of response to fashion change... qua…
Color Theory
1. pleasing colors and prints ... 2. color performance (colorfast)
fibers, dyes and pigments, penetration and fixation
manner in which color is added to a te…
appearance... performance... rate of response to fashion change... qua…
complex phenomenon that combines:... the…
Color Theory
36 terms
Textiles
DESIGNED
Evaluating
Ideation
Brainstorming
D=describe the challenge... E=establish ideas after research... S=s…
Important because it determines the value and appropriateness…
The process of developing creative ideas.
-a group of people discuss the design... -think first, judge lat…
DESIGNED
D=describe the challenge... E=establish ideas after research... S=s…
Evaluating
Important because it determines the value and appropriateness…
21 terms
textiles
silkscreen: pigment
silkscreen
block printing
registration errors in block printing
have crackles
silkscreen: pigment
have crackles
silkscreen
27 terms
Textiles
Cotton
Linen
Silk
Wool
Strong... Hard wearing... Does not trap air so cool to wear and nat…
Strong and very hard wearing... Highly absorbent... Creases easily…
Strong and durable... Absorbent - absorbs up to third of own wei…
HYDROPHILIC - absorbs third third of weight in water before i…
Cotton
Strong... Hard wearing... Does not trap air so cool to wear and nat…
Linen
Strong and very hard wearing... Highly absorbent... Creases easily…
19 terms
Textiles
3 types of yarn
Simple
Simple (4 types)
1. Single
1. Simple... 2. Novelty (complex/fancy)... 3. Composite
Uniform size, regular surface; typically used for woven and k…
1. Single... 2. Ply... 3. Cord... 4. Rope
Simplest type of yarn; produced by twisting together staple o…
3 types of yarn
1. Simple... 2. Novelty (complex/fancy)... 3. Composite
Simple
Uniform size, regular surface; typically used for woven and k…
49 terms
Textiles
Nonwovens
Weft is also known as
Warp is also known as
Crocking
- made from fibers... - stiffer ... - weaker
filling
pick
color transfer to another product surface by rubbing
Nonwovens
- made from fibers... - stiffer ... - weaker
Weft is also known as
filling
38 terms
textiles
fibre innovation ... bamboo
properties of bamboo
characteristics of bamboo
how bamboo is created
- bamboo is the fastest growing woody plant ... - bamboo can be…
- soft and silky to touch... - very hydrophilic... - sustainable... -…
- smooth and soft to feel... - good absorption... - temperature ada…
chemical process = crushed is cooked with sodium hydroxide... me…
fibre innovation ... bamboo
- bamboo is the fastest growing woody plant ... - bamboo can be…
properties of bamboo
- soft and silky to touch... - very hydrophilic... - sustainable... -…
27 terms
Textiles
Weaving
Selvage
Grain
Nonwovens
interlacing of yarns at right angles to each other.
tight, holds, keeps fabric from fraying. For prints.
when the warp and weft are at a right angle to each other, ev…
Ultrasuede, leather, knits, felt, vinyl
Weaving
interlacing of yarns at right angles to each other.
Selvage
tight, holds, keeps fabric from fraying. For prints.
8 terms
Textiles
Absorbent
Waterproof
Warm
Cool
A fabric which soaks up liquids
A fabric that keeps water out
A fabric that provides insulation and lets less heat in or out
A fabric that keeps us from getting hot
Absorbent
A fabric which soaks up liquids
Waterproof
A fabric that keeps water out
50 terms
Textiles
Fibers Contents
Nonwovens
Weft is also known as
Warp is also known as
...
- made from fibers... - stiffer ... - weaker
filling
pick
Fibers Contents
...
Nonwovens
- made from fibers... - stiffer ... - weaker
61 terms
Textiles
Quality assurance
Quality control
Toile
Three stages of quality control check:…
is a system of checks designed to ensre that producrs are fre…
is an important part of quality assurance and is the process…
mock up of product to trial: design, pattern, materials and c…
When the fabric arrives in the factory in preparation for con…
Quality assurance
is a system of checks designed to ensre that producrs are fre…
Quality control
is an important part of quality assurance and is the process…
76 terms
Textiles
Textiles
Polymer
Fiber
Yarn
Any flexible material composed of thin films of fibers, yarns…
•A very large molecule made by connecting many small molecule…
• The smallest component that can be separated from fabric
An assemblage of fibers that is twisted or laid together so a…
Textiles
Any flexible material composed of thin films of fibers, yarns…
Polymer
•A very large molecule made by connecting many small molecule…
34 terms
Textiles
Fibers Contents
Nonwovens
Weft is also known as
Warp is also known as
...
- made from fibers... - stiffer ... - weaker
filling
pick
Fibers Contents
...
Nonwovens
- made from fibers... - stiffer ... - weaker
144 terms
Textiles
The process
How to identify fiber or fabric content?
Classification
Trade Name
Manufacturing Progression... Fiber to fabric ... Fiber to yarn to f…
Labels ... Hand... Appearance... Burn test
Natural or manufactured... General chemical type such as protei…
Sunbrella... Antron... Bemberg... Trevira
The process
Manufacturing Progression... Fiber to fabric ... Fiber to yarn to f…
How to identify fiber or fabric content?
Labels ... Hand... Appearance... Burn test
42 terms
Textiles
Woven Fabric Features
Three Basic Weaves
Variations of Plain Weave
Variations of Twill Weave
-warp/ filling quality... - weave... - fabric count... -weight... - width…
- Plain (one over one under)... - Twill (diagonal 1/2= filling f…
- Basket (4 over 4 under)... - Repp (2 over 2 under filling dire…
- Herringbone... - Diamond Shaped patterns... - Other
Woven Fabric Features
-warp/ filling quality... - weave... - fabric count... -weight... - width…
Three Basic Weaves
- Plain (one over one under)... - Twill (diagonal 1/2= filling f…
29 terms
Textiles
Weaving
Loom
Thread count
Felt
interlacing of yarns at right angles to each other.
a frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or mor…
warp and weft added up
Nonwoven. fibers that are matted together
Weaving
interlacing of yarns at right angles to each other.
Loom
a frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or mor…
75 terms
Textiles
staple fiber
filament fiber
woven fabrics
loom
spun yarn
filament yard
yarns interlaced... little stretch ... uses loom
makes wovens
staple fiber
spun yarn
filament fiber
filament yard
42 terms
Textiles
plain weave
satin weave
sateen weave
twill weave
plain weave
satin weave
30 terms
textiles
plain weave
satin weave
twill weave
basket weave
plain weave
satin weave
15 terms
Textiles
sweat shop
what does ATCFAI stand for
Elements of design
Seam finishes
A sweatshop is a factory or workshop, especially in the cloth…
Australian textiles clothing footwear allied industries
Shape... colour... texture... line... direction... size
light fabric - french seam... medium fabric - open or close over…
sweat shop
A sweatshop is a factory or workshop, especially in the cloth…
what does ATCFAI stand for
Australian textiles clothing footwear allied industries
10 terms
Textiles
fabric
cotton
textiles
thread
cloth produced by weaving or knitting textile fibres.
a soft white fibrous substance which surrounds the seeds of t…
cloth products.
a long, thin strand of cotton, nylon, or other fibres used in…
fabric
cloth produced by weaving or knitting textile fibres.
cotton
a soft white fibrous substance which surrounds the seeds of t…
67 terms
Textiles
CAM
CAD
CIM
batik
computer aided manufacturing
computer aided design
Computer integrated manufacturing
put wax on fabric and dye resists that area
CAM
computer aided manufacturing
CAD
computer aided design
9 terms
Textiles
Photochromic
Interactive fabrics
Solvation-chromic
Thermochromic
Are fabrics that can change colour through light, heat and mo…
Are fabrics which incorporate electronics that are reactivate…
Are fabrics that can change colour through light, heat and mo…
Are fabrics that can change colour through light, heat and mo…
Photochromic
Are fabrics that can change colour through light, heat and mo…
Interactive fabrics
Are fabrics which incorporate electronics that are reactivate…
47 terms
textiles
Twist
simple
complex
composite
help keeps staple fibers together in the yarn
...
...
...
Twist
help keeps staple fibers together in the yarn
simple
...
118 terms
Textiles
textile
fiber
natural fiber
synthetic
anything that can be made from a fiber of a fabric
the smallest part of a textile, small and hairlike, raw mater…
plants, animals
chemicals
textile
anything that can be made from a fiber of a fabric
fiber
the smallest part of a textile, small and hairlike, raw mater…
53 terms
Textiles
Fair trade
'Green' companies and fabric choice?
Denim
Arctic/polar fleece
A partnership between producers and consumers that ensures th…
Where designers must restrict their choice to natural, sustai…
100% cotton... 100% rayon... 100% polyester
100% polyester... 65% acrylic/ 35% polyester
Fair trade
A partnership between producers and consumers that ensures th…
'Green' companies and fabric choice?
Where designers must restrict their choice to natural, sustai…
69 terms
Textiles
Aesthetic Property... Luster
Aesthetic Property... Drape
Aesthetic Property... Texture
Aesthetic Property ... hand
how light is reflected
way fabric hangs on 3D
surface characteristics
how fiber/ fabric feels to touch
Aesthetic Property... Luster
how light is reflected
Aesthetic Property... Drape
way fabric hangs on 3D
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