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Study sets matching "the blood chapter 13"

13 terms
Chapter 13: Circulation of the Blood
Arteriole
Artery
Capillary
Central Venous Pressure
Small branch of an artery
Vessel carrying blood away from the heart
Tiny vessels that connect arterioles and venules
Venous blood pressure within the right atrium
Arteriole
Small branch of an artery
Artery
Vessel carrying blood away from the heart
39 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
Bas
Chrom
Coagul
Cyt
Base
Color
Clotting
Cell
Bas
Base
Chrom
Color
75 terms
CHAPTER 13 - THE BLOOD
Functions of the Blood
Composition of Whole Blood
Blood Plasma
Plasma Proteins
1). Transportation: Gases, nutrients, waste, & hormones *2)…
45% Formed elements; 55% Plasma (liquid portion)
91% water, 8% proteins, 1% nutrients, electrolytes, etc
Synthesized by liver; 1). Albumin: most abundant; maintains o…
Functions of the Blood
1). Transportation: Gases, nutrients, waste, & hormones *2)…
Composition of Whole Blood
45% Formed elements; 55% Plasma (liquid portion)
126 terms
anatomy- The Blood -Chapter 13
Homeostasis
the cells are not fixed in a position
8%
bright scarlet, dark red, oxygen
The blood is important for what?
What makes the blood different from other connective tissue
What % does the blood account for our body weight
The blood color varies from ______ _______ to _____ ___ depen…
Homeostasis
The blood is important for what?
the cells are not fixed in a position
What makes the blood different from other connective tissue
75 terms
CHAPTER 13 - THE BLOOD
Functions of the Blood
Composition of Whole Blood
Blood Plasma
Plasma Proteins
1). Transportation: Gases, nutrients, waste, & hormones *2)…
45% Formed elements; 55% Plasma (liquid portion)
91% water, 8% proteins, 1% nutrients, electrolytes, etc
Synthesized by liver; 1). Albumin: most abundant; maintains o…
Functions of the Blood
1). Transportation: Gases, nutrients, waste, & hormones *2)…
Composition of Whole Blood
45% Formed elements; 55% Plasma (liquid portion)
20 terms
Chapter 13 Blood Spelling
Antibody
Coagulation
Cytology
Erythroblast
Specific proteins produced by the body in response to foreign…
Blood clotting
The process of the study of cells
Immature red blood cell
Antibody
Specific proteins produced by the body in response to foreign…
Coagulation
Blood clotting
62 terms
Chapter 13: The blood
Carbon dioxide
Plasma
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
A waste product of cellular metabolism, carried from the tiss…
The liquid portion of blood
Red blood cells. Transport oxygen. Disk-shaped bodies with a…
White blood cells
Carbon dioxide
A waste product of cellular metabolism, carried from the tiss…
Plasma
The liquid portion of blood
40 terms
Chapter 13 The Blood
Blood
Functions of Blood
Transportation
Regulations
•Important in maintaining homeostasis ... •Classed as connective…
...
•Gases- O2,CO2... •Nutrients- Amino acids,sugar,water soluble vi…
•pH... •Fluid balance- in the hypothalamus ... •Heat ~37degrees Cel…
Blood
•Important in maintaining homeostasis ... •Classed as connective…
Functions of Blood
...
139 terms
Chapter 13- Blood System
Blood
Composition of blood
Cells
erythrocytes
transports food gases and wastes to and from the cells of the…
1. cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets) 2. plasma 3. w…
make up 45% of blood volume
red blood cells transport nutrients and oxygen ( loses its nu…
Blood
transports food gases and wastes to and from the cells of the…
Composition of blood
1. cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets) 2. plasma 3. w…
110 terms
Chapter 13: the Blood System
albumin
antibody
antigen
basophil
protein in the blood
specific protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacte…
substance that stimulates the production of an antibody
white blood cell containing granules that stain blue
albumin
protein in the blood
antibody
specific protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacte…
54 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
Stem Cells
Hematocrit
Serum
Viscosity
Non-specialized cells
Percentage of RBC's
Plasma with no clotting element
thickness of blood
Stem Cells
Non-specialized cells
Hematocrit
Percentage of RBC's
40 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
Cytosol/Intracellular fluid
Plasma
Lymph
Transportation of xoygen CO2, waste et…
Inside a single cell
Liquid portion of blood
Similar to plasma but found in lymph vessels
Functions of blood
Cytosol/Intracellular fluid
Inside a single cell
Plasma
Liquid portion of blood
50 terms
Chapter 13-Blood
Type A blood
Type B blood
Type AB blood
Type O blood
A- antigen present w/anti-B antibodies
B-antigen present w/anti-A antibodies
AB antigens present w/no antibodies
no AB antigens: has both A&B antibodies
Type A blood
A- antigen present w/anti-B antibodies
Type B blood
B-antigen present w/anti-A antibodies
39 terms
Chapter 13: Blood System
bas/o
chrom/o
coagul/o
cyt/o
base
color
clotting
cell
bas/o
base
chrom/o
color
54 terms
Chapter 13 Blood Vessels
three types of vessels
venule
three layers of vessel walls
tunica intima
arteries, capillaries, veins
carries blood from capillaries to veins
tunica intima, tunica media, tunica adventitia
contains endothelial cells, connective tissue
three types of vessels
arteries, capillaries, veins
venule
carries blood from capillaries to veins
38 terms
Chapter 13: Blood
bas/o
chrom/o
coagul/o
cyt/o
base (alkaline)
color
clotting
cell
bas/o
base (alkaline)
chrom/o
color
14 terms
Chapter 13 Blood vessels
Functions
Arteries.
Capillaries.
Veins.
To carry blood... Exchange nutrients and wastes... Transport substa…
carry blood away from heart.
blood flows from capillaries to veins.Walls consists of endot…
carry blood toward heart.... have larger diameters and contain v…
Functions
To carry blood... Exchange nutrients and wastes... Transport substa…
Arteries.
carry blood away from heart.
51 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
Plasma
Formed elements
Erthrocytes
Leukocytes
Clear extra cellular matrix of blood contains; water,protein,…
Red Blood Cells (most abundant), White Blood Cells (fewest) a…
red blood cells.
White blood cells
Plasma
Clear extra cellular matrix of blood contains; water,protein,…
Formed elements
Red Blood Cells (most abundant), White Blood Cells (fewest) a…
31 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
Anemia
Basophils
Coagulation
Eosinophils
A deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin
The fewest of the WBC's;secretes heparin
blood clotting
white blood cells that protect against parasites; also involv…
Anemia
A deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin
Basophils
The fewest of the WBC's;secretes heparin
11 terms
Chapter 13 Blood Vessels
Blood Vessels Functions
Vessel Structures
Blood Flow
Blood Vessel Walls
1. Carry blood... 2. Exchange nutrients, waste products, gases…
• Arteries:... - carry blood away from heart - thick with a lot…
• Blood flows from arteries into arterioles • Arterioles into…
• Tunica intima:... - innermost layer... - simple squamous... • Tunica…
Blood Vessels Functions
1. Carry blood... 2. Exchange nutrients, waste products, gases…
Vessel Structures
• Arteries:... - carry blood away from heart - thick with a lot…
118 terms
Chapter 13 Blood System
bas/o
chrom/o
coagul/o
cyt/o
base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)... Ex: basophil (-phil mea…
color... Ex: hypochromic - Hypochromic anemia is marked by a dec…
clotting... Ex: anticoagulant
cell
bas/o
base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)... Ex: basophil (-phil mea…
chrom/o
color... Ex: hypochromic - Hypochromic anemia is marked by a dec…
42 terms
Chapter 13: Introduction to Blood
(Functions of Blood)... [transporting] Nu…
(Functions of Blood)... [transporting] Ox…
(Functions of Blood)... Waste Removal
(Functions of Blood)... [transporting] Ho…
• Come from food... • Are digested in the stomach and small inte…
• enter the body through air sacs in the lungs... • RBC's transp…
• RBC's absorb gaseous waste (carbon dioxide) and transport i…
• hormones (chemical messengers) secreted by glands (thyroid…
(Functions of Blood)... [transporting] Nu…
• Come from food... • Are digested in the stomach and small inte…
(Functions of Blood)... [transporting] Ox…
• enter the body through air sacs in the lungs... • RBC's transp…
88 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
What is blood & what is it's function?
What is the function of Interstitial F…
What is Hemoglobin?
What is Carbonic Anhydrase?
-Connective tissue composed of plasma and formed elements(cel…
-Bathes body cells
-Found only in red blood cells... -Consists of two parts; globin…
-Hemoglobin enzyme that converts carbon dioxide into the bica…
What is blood & what is it's function?
-Connective tissue composed of plasma and formed elements(cel…
What is the function of Interstitial F…
-Bathes body cells
79 terms
Chapter 13 BLOOD
Type O blood
Type AB blood
Polycythemia
Anemia
universal blood donor
universal recipient blood
overproduction of RBC's
low oxygen-carrying capacity of blood
Type O blood
universal blood donor
Type AB blood
universal recipient blood
47 terms
Chapter 13 The Blood Vocabulary
Three functions of blood
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Thrombocytes
1) transportation of gases, nutrients, waste and hormones.... 2)…
Red blood cells that transport oxygen
White blood cells that protect from infection
Platelets that participate in blood clotting
Three functions of blood
1) transportation of gases, nutrients, waste and hormones.... 2)…
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells that transport oxygen
15 terms
Chapter 13-Blood and Circulation
plasma
platelets
red blood cells
white blood cells
liquid in blood; carries nutrients
clot blood
carry oxygen to body cells; carry carbon dioxide back to lungs
fight infection
plasma
liquid in blood; carries nutrients
platelets
clot blood
22 terms
Chapter 13 - Blood
what are leukocytes?
what are erythrocytes?
what is hemopoiesis?
blood components
white blood cells that protect against pathogens
red blood cells
production and formation of blood cells
what are leukocytes?
white blood cells that protect against pathogens
what are erythrocytes?
red blood cells
56 terms
Chapter 13 The Blood
Aggutination
Anemia
Antigen
Antiserum
Clumping of blood clots due to antigen- antibody reaction
A condition in which the red blood cells do not contain enoug…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
Serum containing antibodies that may be given to provide pass…
Aggutination
Clumping of blood clots due to antigen- antibody reaction
Anemia
A condition in which the red blood cells do not contain enoug…
107 terms
Chapter 13: The Blood
ABO blood group
Erythrocytes (RBCs)
Fibrin
Leukocytes (WBCs)
one of the blood groups. The ABO blood group consists of thos…
red blood cells (RBCs)
long threads that form a clot
white blood cells (WBCs)
ABO blood group
one of the blood groups. The ABO blood group consists of thos…
Erythrocytes (RBCs)
red blood cells (RBCs)
13 HUMAN BODY CHAPTER 13 - THE BLOOD Definitions
Functions of the Blood
Composition of Whole Blood
Blood Plasma
Plasma Proteins
1). Transportation: Gases, nutrients, waste, & hormones *2)…
45% Formed elements; 55% Plasma (liquid portion)
91% water, 8% proteins, 1% nutrients, electrolytes, etc
Synthesized by liver; 1). Albumin: most abundant; maintains o…
Functions of the Blood
1). Transportation: Gases, nutrients, waste, & hormones *2)…
Composition of Whole Blood
45% Formed elements; 55% Plasma (liquid portion)
70 terms
Chapter 13: The Blood
Albumin
Antibody
Antigen
Basophil
Protein in the blood
Protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viru…
Substance that stimulates the production of an antibody
White blood cell containing granules that stain blue, associa…
Albumin
Protein in the blood
Antibody
Protein produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viru…
49 terms
Chapter 13 Blood
Formed Elements
Leukocyte
Erythrocyte
Thrombocyte
Red Blood Cell... White Blood Cell... Platelet
White Blood Cell
Red Blood Cell
Platelet
Formed Elements
Red Blood Cell... White Blood Cell... Platelet
Leukocyte
White Blood Cell
91 terms
Chapter 13 The Blood
Transportation (Gases, Nutrients, wast…
Water, Proteins, nutrients, and electr…
Hematopoietic stem cells
Plasma and Formed elements
What are the three functions of blood?
Which of the following substances are found in plasma?
What is the type of stem cell that can develop into all types…
What are the two main components of whole blood?
Transportation (Gases, Nutrients, wast…
What are the three functions of blood?
Water, Proteins, nutrients, and electr…
Which of the following substances are found in plasma?
65 terms
Terminology - Chapter 13 The Blood
abscess
agglutination
agranulocytes
albumin
a collection of pus in a localized area
clumping
leukocytes that lack easily visible granules... lymphocytes and…
most abundant protein in plasma... important for maintaining the…
abscess
a collection of pus in a localized area
agglutination
clumping
30 terms
Chapter 13 The blood
Agglutination
Albumin
Anemia
Antigen
Clumping of red blood cells
protein in blood plasma
low level of hemoglobin
Substance that induces an immune response
Agglutination
Clumping of red blood cells
Albumin
protein in blood plasma
Chapter 13 The Blood Definitions
Transportation
Regulation
Protection
Erythrocytes
Blood transports gases, nutrients, waste and hormones.
The blood regulates its composition and interstitial fluid.…
disease- it carries the substances and cells of the immune sy…
red blood cells which transport oxygen
Transportation
Blood transports gases, nutrients, waste and hormones.
Regulation
The blood regulates its composition and interstitial fluid.…
43 terms
Chapter 13 Blood System (Vocabulary)
stem cell
hematopoietic stem cell
What is in blood
erythrocyte
unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specifialized f…
cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood…
1. Cells... -Erythrocytes... -Thrombocytes (platelets)... -Leukocytes…
red blood cell... -carry oxygen ... -they differentiate when nucleu…
stem cell
unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specifialized f…
hematopoietic stem cell
cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood…
102 terms
Chapter 13: The Blood
The blood volume accounts for 8% of bo…
What are the functions of blood?
Gases
Waste
...
Transportation of gases, nutrients, waste, and hormones... Regul…
Oxygen from inhaled air diffuses into the bloody through tin…
The blood transports waste from cells to organs that can dest…
The blood volume accounts for 8% of bo…
...
What are the functions of blood?
Transportation of gases, nutrients, waste, and hormones... Regul…
38 terms
chapter 13 the blood
plasma
blood clotting
anemia
to eat, ingest
liquid portion of whole blood
blood platelets are active in the process
lack of red cells or hemoglobin
word root phag/o
plasma
liquid portion of whole blood
blood clotting
blood platelets are active in the process
17 terms
chapter 13: the blood
regulation
protection
transportation
clotting factors
ph, fluid balance, heat
disease, blood loss
gasses, nutrients, waste, hormones
necessary for blood coagulation, also manufactured in the liver
regulation
ph, fluid balance, heat
protection
disease, blood loss
148 terms
Chapter 13: The Blood
Aggulination
Albumin
Anemia
Antigens
Clumping of cells due to an antigen - antibody reaction
Protein in blood plasma and other body fluids, helps maintain…
Abnormally low level of hemoglobin or red cells in the blood,…
Substance that induces an immune response
Aggulination
Clumping of cells due to an antigen - antibody reaction
Albumin
Protein in blood plasma and other body fluids, helps maintain…
93 terms
Chapter 13 The Blood
albumin
antibody
anitgen
basophil
protein in the blood; maintains the proper amount of water in…
protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response…
substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of…
white blood cell containing granules that stain blue; associa…
albumin
protein in the blood; maintains the proper amount of water in…
antibody
protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response…
70 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 13-Blood System
hematology
albumin
antibody
antigen
The study of blood.
The protein of the blood and aids in maintaining a sufficient…
A specialized protein cell that is there in response to bacte…
Foreign substance that stimulates the production of antibodies.
hematology
The study of blood.
albumin
The protein of the blood and aids in maintaining a sufficient…
Chapter 13- The blood
aluminum
antibody
antigen
basophil
protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the…
protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response…
substance that stimulates the production of an antibody
WBC containing granules that stain blue; associated with rele…
aluminum
protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the…
antibody
protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response…
55 terms
Chapter 13: The Blood
Myeloid tissue
Stem cells
Hemocytoblasts/ Pluripotent Hematopoie…
Erythrocytes
blood producing tissue... •before birth: blood is formed in the…
undifferentiated cells which have the potential to differenti…
•stem cells of all the formed elements... •in red bone marrow
mature RBCs
Myeloid tissue
blood producing tissue... •before birth: blood is formed in the…
Stem cells
undifferentiated cells which have the potential to differenti…
16 terms
Chapter 13 (The Blood)
Hematopoiesis (hem-ah-toh-poy-ee-sis)
Heme (heem)
Globin (gloh-bin)
Syneresis (sih-ner-eh-sis)
Myeloid tissue where all blood cells are produced
Iron atoms bond with oxygen
Carries carbon dioxide
Clot retraction
Hematopoiesis (hem-ah-toh-poy-ee-sis)
Myeloid tissue where all blood cells are produced
Heme (heem)
Iron atoms bond with oxygen
23 terms
Chapter 13 : The Blood System
Hypochromic
Anticoagulant
Hemolysis
Hematocrit
pertaining to deficient color.
substance used to prevent clotting; against clotting.
separation or destruction of red blood cells.
to separate blood.
Hypochromic
pertaining to deficient color.
Anticoagulant
substance used to prevent clotting; against clotting.
27 terms
Chapter 13 - The Blood
leuk/o
thromb/o
lymph/o
-gen
white, colorless
blood clot
lymph, lymphatic system
producing, originating (suffix)
leuk/o
white, colorless
thromb/o
blood clot
Chapter 13: The Blood System
albumin
antibody
antigen
basophil
protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in blood
specific protein produced by the lymphocytes in response to b…
substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of…
white blood cell containing granules that stain blue
albumin
protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in blood
antibody
specific protein produced by the lymphocytes in response to b…
113 terms
Chapter 13: The Blood System
Composition of Blood
Cells of blood
Plasma of blood
4 major plasma proteins
Cells and plasma
45% blood... erythrocytes... leukocytes... thrombocytes
55% blood... made of water, sugar, proteins, salts, hormones, li…
albumin, globulins, fibrinogen, and prothrombin
Composition of Blood
Cells and plasma
Cells of blood
45% blood... erythrocytes... leukocytes... thrombocytes
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