Study sets matching "the cell"

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Study sets matching "the cell"

The Cell
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
States that cells are the fundamental unit of life, all organ…
stores DNA for the cell
cells that do not have a nucleus, one chromosome and lack org…
cells that have a nucleus, multiple chromosomes and many orga…
Cell Theory
States that cells are the fundamental unit of life, all organ…
Nucleus
stores DNA for the cell
Cells
Osmosis
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having a lower concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having an equal solute concentration inside and outside the c…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
The Cell
Cell Size
Large Cells
Volume (Cytoplasm)
Prokaryotic Cells
Need surface area; surface area to volume ratio
Surface area decreases relative to volume
Demands nutrients and produces waste
Lack a membrane-bound nucleus; smaller and complex than eukar…
Cell Size
Need surface area; surface area to volume ratio
Large Cells
Surface area decreases relative to volume
87 terms
Cells
Osmosis
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having a lower concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having an equal solute concentration inside and outside the c…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
25 terms
The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Boundary of the cell allowing only certain substances to pass…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
Where proteins are made or assembled.
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
Boundary of the cell allowing only certain substances to pass…
28 terms
The cell
plasma membrane
phospholipids
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
the membrane enclosing a cell is mad up of two lipid layers (…
the lipids that are in the plasma membrane
water loving... hyro=water philic=loving
water hating or water repelling... hydro=water phobic=fear
plasma membrane
the membrane enclosing a cell is mad up of two lipid layers (…
phospholipids
the lipids that are in the plasma membrane
19 terms
Cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuole
Thin outer covering of a cell that controls what enters and l…
Gel-like fluid of a cell made mostly of water.
Control center of the cell. Gives instructions and contains D…
Temporary storage center. Stores cell waste in an animal cell…
Cell Membrane
Thin outer covering of a cell that controls what enters and l…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid of a cell made mostly of water.
15 terms
Cells
Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells o…
All cells have a cell membrane. In cells with cell walls, the…
The cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activi…
Organelles
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Cell Wall
Rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the cells o…
12 terms
Cells
Controls what enters and exits all cel…
Holds all other organelles.
Control center of the cell.
Temporary storage center. (Stores food…
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vacuole
Controls what enters and exits all cel…
Cell Membrane
Holds all other organelles.
Cytoplasm
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
The Cell
Cell
Cytoplasm
Cell Membranes
Chloroplast
Cell
Cytoplasm
6 terms
Cells
prokaryote
eukaryotes
cytoplasm
organelles
is made up of one or more cells that do not contain a nucleus…
are made up of cells that contain a nucleus. ex. plants, anim…
is the liquid substance that fills the inside area of the cell.
cell structures that carry out specific jobs in cells.
prokaryote
is made up of one or more cells that do not contain a nucleus…
eukaryotes
are made up of cells that contain a nucleus. ex. plants, anim…
10 terms
The Cell
cell
organelles
cell wall
chloroplast
the smallest unit of life
parts of the cell
holds up the plant
makes food from sunlight
cell
the smallest unit of life
organelles
parts of the cell
45 terms
Cells
Nucleus
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm
DNA is found here. RNA is also made here.
This contains the jelly-like cytosol and all the organelles f…
Suspends the organelles in the cell.
Nucleus
Nucleus
DNA is found here. RNA is also made here.
16 terms
cells
cells
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
is the basic unit of structure and function of all living thi…
a thin covering that holds the parts of a cell together.
controls all cell activity.
jelly like substance containing many chemicals that keep the…
cells
is the basic unit of structure and function of all living thi…
cell membrane
a thin covering that holds the parts of a cell together.
34 terms
The Cell
Microscopic
Cytology
Lysosomal
Intracellular
something that requires visualization with a microscope
the study of cells
Small enzyme filled sacs that disslove particles they come in…
within cells
Microscopic
something that requires visualization with a microscope
Cytology
the study of cells
8 terms
Cells
cell membrane
cell wall
mitochondria
nucleus
flexible surrounding of a cell, substance enter and exit thro…
tough covering on a plant cell... Ridged outer layer of a plant…
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Brain of the cell
cell membrane
flexible surrounding of a cell, substance enter and exit thro…
cell wall
tough covering on a plant cell... Ridged outer layer of a plant…
Cell
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells.... 2. All existing cells are…
jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
structures specialized to perform a distinct process within a…
a cell with NO nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles.
Cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells.... 2. All existing cells are…
Cytoplasm
jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
The Cell
Cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
the basic units of life
all living things are composed of cells; all cells come from…
Is a large membrane-enclosed structure that contains genetic…
are cells that enclose their DNA in nuclei
Cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells; all cells come from…
20 terms
Cells
Animal
Plant
Lysosome
Nucleus
Animal cells are eukaryotic cells, or cells with a membrane-b…
Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that are similar to animal c…
An organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing…
The central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
Animal
Animal cells are eukaryotic cells, or cells with a membrane-b…
Plant
Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that are similar to animal c…
Cells
Cell
Contains DNA or the genetic material o…
Ribosomes
Made up of cytosol and ribosomes, is t…
A cell is a structure capable of preforming functions of life.
Nucleus
Found in the cytoplasm, ribosomes are where proteins are made.
Cytoplasm
Cell
A cell is a structure capable of preforming functions of life.
Contains DNA or the genetic material o…
Nucleus
48 terms
Cells
Non-living
Organism
Inorganic matter
Organic matter
Abiotic
An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
Matter that comes from a non living source (does not contain…
any substance that is made of living things or the remains of…
Non-living
Abiotic
Organism
An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
14 terms
Cells
Centriole
Cilia
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
Small cylinder shaped organelle made of protein tubes arrange…
Short hairlike structures that cover some or all of the cell…
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
Centriole
Small cylinder shaped organelle made of protein tubes arrange…
Cilia
Short hairlike structures that cover some or all of the cell…
24 terms
Cells
cell wall
cell membrane
osmosis
diffusion
tough and rigid to provide shape and support
controls what enters and exits the cell
movement of water across the cell membrane
movement of materials across the cell membrane
cell wall
tough and rigid to provide shape and support
cell membrane
controls what enters and exits the cell
33 terms
Cells
Prokaryote characteristics
Eukaryote characteristics
Prokaryote examples
Eukaryote examples
No Nucleus, Lacks membrane bound organelles
Always has a Nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Bacteria
Plants, animals, fungi
Prokaryote characteristics
No Nucleus, Lacks membrane bound organelles
Eukaryote characteristics
Always has a Nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
15 terms
Cells
Vacuole
Chloroplast
Cell
Organism
Storage vesicle for water, food, wastes other substances. 1 l…
Converts light energy into glucose in the process of photosyn…
The basic unit of all living things. The smallest unit of life.
A complete living thing
Vacuole
Storage vesicle for water, food, wastes other substances. 1 l…
Chloroplast
Converts light energy into glucose in the process of photosyn…
15 terms
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
9 terms
Cells
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in Plant cells. Stores water and other substances
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
Term for the cell gel - chemical reactions happen here
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell gets all it's…
Vacuole
Found in Plant cells. Stores water and other substances
Nucleus
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
Cells
Mitochondria
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Powerhouse of the cell. Makes ATP.
Surrounds the cell. Determines what comes in and out.
Made of cellulose. Shapes, supports and protects the cell.
Jelly Like Substance. Site of many reactions.
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell. Makes ATP.
Cell Membrane
Surrounds the cell. Determines what comes in and out.
Cells
Cell theory
Organelle
Nucleus
Cell Membrane (plasma membrane)
All living things made of cells... cells are basic unit of struc…
"tiny" organs. Structure within a cell that maintain homeosta…
"control Center". Controls all cell activities and contains D…
boundary that separates cell from its environment. It regulat…
Cell theory
All living things made of cells... cells are basic unit of struc…
Organelle
"tiny" organs. Structure within a cell that maintain homeosta…
65 terms
Cells
plant cell
animal cell
cell wall
cell membrane
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
plant cell
animal cell
9 terms
cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
rigid outer layer of a plant, protection and support for plant
controls cell activity, Contains DNA—is the control center of…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
assembles amino acids to create proteins, makes proteins
cell wall
rigid outer layer of a plant, protection and support for plant
nucleus
controls cell activity, Contains DNA—is the control center of…
11 terms
Cells
cell membrane
ribosomes
nucleus
mitochondria
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Makes proteins
Control center of the cell and contains DNA.
Converts nutrients to energy in a cell
cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
ribosomes
Makes proteins
Cells
cell wall
cell membrane
vacuole
lysosomes
tough and rigid to provide shape and support
controls what enters and exits the cell
stores food, water, and waste
digests dead cell parts and some waste
cell wall
tough and rigid to provide shape and support
cell membrane
controls what enters and exits the cell
64 terms
Cells
Osmosis
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having a lower concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
Having an equal solute concentration inside and outside the c…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane through the lipid bilayer
Hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute inside than the soluti…
12 terms
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
30 terms
Cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. O…
Material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nu…
Typically present in eukaryotic cells, a single rounded struc…
Double lipid bilayer membrane with selective pores which surr…
Cell Membrane
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. O…
Cytoplasm
Material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nu…
19 terms
Cells
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in Plant cells. Stores water and other substances
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
Term for the cell gel - chemical reactions happen here
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell gets all it's…
Vacuole
Found in Plant cells. Stores water and other substances
Nucleus
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
Cells
osmosis
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
23 terms
Cells
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. O…
Material (jelly like constituency) or protoplasm within a liv…
A single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane, cont…
Double lipid bilayer membrane with selective pores which surr…
Cell Membrane
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. O…
Cytoplasm
Material (jelly like constituency) or protoplasm within a liv…
10 terms
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
8 terms
Cell
cell
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
the basic unit of life.
thin layer around the cell and controls what enters and leave…
Inside the cell
brain of the cell. It helps control eating, movement, and rep…
cell
the basic unit of life.
Cell membrane
thin layer around the cell and controls what enters and leave…
18 terms
Cells
cell
mitochondria (plant and animal)
nucleus (plant and animal)
nuclear membrane
smallest unit of life; makes up all organisms
power house of the cell; provides the cell with energy (ATP p…
the boss of the cell; tells the cell what to do; controls cel…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
cell
smallest unit of life; makes up all organisms
mitochondria (plant and animal)
power house of the cell; provides the cell with energy (ATP p…
10 terms
Cells
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Cells
nucleus
cell membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm
Control center of the cell.
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Ridged outer layer of a plant cell.
jellylike substance that holds other organelles within the ce…
nucleus
Control center of the cell.
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
cytoplasm
outer layer of a plant, protection and support of cell
controls cell activity, the brain of the cell
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
a jelly-like fluid where organelles are found, holds and prot…
cell wall
outer layer of a plant, protection and support of cell
nucleus
controls cell activity, the brain of the cell
10 terms
Cell
Cells
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
cells that do not have a nucleus
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
Cells
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
Cell Theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Cells
The basic unit of structure capable of…
A thin layer of lipids the surrounds t…
Contains DNA , or the genetic material…
An organelle that makes energy availab…
Cell
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
The basic unit of structure capable of…
Cell
A thin layer of lipids the surrounds t…
Plasma Membrane
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