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Study sets matching "the courts"

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Study sets matching "the courts"

23 terms
The Courts
Judge
Defence Lawyers
Crown Counsel
Preliminary Hearing
Trier of fact who interprets the law, decides if evidence can…
Represents persons charged with criminal offences and ensures…
Lawyers who represent the government in court and who are res…
Hearing to determine if there is sufficient evidence to warra…
Judge
Trier of fact who interprets the law, decides if evidence can…
Defence Lawyers
Represents persons charged with criminal offences and ensures…
17 terms
The Courts
Mr. McWilliams
Plaintiff
Defendant
Common Law
Totes Handsome & Funny
Someone who is bringing a lawsuit against someone else
Someone who is responding to a lawsuit
Using previous decisions from other court cases to help you d…
Mr. McWilliams
Totes Handsome & Funny
Plaintiff
Someone who is bringing a lawsuit against someone else
23 terms
The Courts
amicus curiae briefs
appellate jurisdiction
class action suits
Courts of appeal
friend of the court briefs by non-litigants who wish to influ…
given to a court where cases are heard on appeal from a lower…
cases which permit a small number of people to sue on behalf…
courts which have the power to review all final decisions of…
amicus curiae briefs
friend of the court briefs by non-litigants who wish to influ…
appellate jurisdiction
given to a court where cases are heard on appeal from a lower…
7 terms
Courts
High Court
Supreme Court
District Court
Magistrates' Court
covers disputes between STATES
covers the WORST crimes like murder
covers SERIOUS crimes like rape
covers SMALL crimes like drinking in public
High Court
covers disputes between STATES
Supreme Court
covers the WORST crimes like murder
17 terms
Courts
Justices
Verdict
Original
Jury
A panel of the people at the Supreme Court who hear and decid…
A decision in a court case made by a judge or jury
First time
A group of citizens who hear and decide in a court
Justices
A panel of the people at the Supreme Court who hear and decid…
Verdict
A decision in a court case made by a judge or jury
32 terms
The Courts
affirm
appellate court
broad construction
case law
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Judicial interpretations of common-law principles and doctrin…
affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
appellate court
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
10 terms
Courts
State Supreme Court
Appeals Court
Juvenile Court
Municipal Court
A state's highest court which typically decides matters of la…
A court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts.…
courts that hear cases involving individuals usually between…
city or court, usually divided into traffic and criminal divi…
State Supreme Court
A state's highest court which typically decides matters of la…
Appeals Court
A court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts.…
34 terms
The Courts
Two Types of Court Cases
Criminal Cases
Civil Cases
Levels of Courts
Criminal Cases and Civil Cases
cases in which juries decide whether people have committed cr…
cases in which two sides argue over an issue
Top-Supreme Court... Middle: Federal Courts... Bottom: State, Count…
Two Types of Court Cases
Criminal Cases and Civil Cases
Criminal Cases
cases in which juries decide whether people have committed cr…
29 terms
The Courts
Most American law is based on
Latin term "to stand on the decided ca…
US has a dual court system; they are
The authority to hear and decide cases
English common law
stare decisis
state courts and federal courts
Jurisdiction
Most American law is based on
English common law
Latin term "to stand on the decided ca…
stare decisis
35 terms
Courts
When a defendant is granted a complete…
Proving a deceased person's will is va…
The two lowest level courts... A. Court o…
Which court has jurisdiction over civi…
Trial de novo
Probate court
Municipal Court/Justice of the Peace
Municipal Court
When a defendant is granted a complete…
Trial de novo
Proving a deceased person's will is va…
Probate court
84 terms
The Courts
affirmative action
appellate jurisdiction
arraignment
civil case
refers to admission policies that provide equal access to edu…
the power of a higher court to review decisions and change ou…
in a criminal case, after arrest and processing (called "book…
involves a legal dispute between two or more parties/litigant…
affirmative action
refers to admission policies that provide equal access to edu…
appellate jurisdiction
the power of a higher court to review decisions and change ou…
125 terms
the Courts
Dual Court System
True or False
Trial Courts
Trail Court isn't appeal is for the vi…
Separate state and federal courts
Most cases are trail courts
Lower: Felony cases (example Bail) can't find the defendant i…
True
Dual Court System
Separate state and federal courts
True or False
Most cases are trail courts
33 terms
The Courts
Common Law
Common Law Con.
Trial court
Jury
Disputes are settled through an adversarial exchange of argum…
Following the decision either party may appeal to a higher co…
Listen to testimony... Consider evidence... Decide facts in dispute…
A group of citizens whose job it is to decide the facts of th…
Common Law
Disputes are settled through an adversarial exchange of argum…
Common Law Con.
Following the decision either party may appeal to a higher co…
22 terms
Courts
Trial courts
Parties
Plaintiff
Defendant
Lowest level of courts
party
One who begins a lawsuit
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
Trial courts
Lowest level of courts
Parties
party
41 terms
Courts
Article III
civil law
criminal law
plantiff
"The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in…
Law that governs the relations between individuals and define…
Law that defines crimes against the public order and provides…
The party that initiates a law suit
Article III
"The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in…
civil law
Law that governs the relations between individuals and define…
20 terms
Courts
accomplice
causation
contraband
community corrections
one who aids another in the commission of a crime. An accompl…
the act must cause the harmful result
illegal substance or object
the sub field of corrections in which offenders are supervise…
accomplice
one who aids another in the commission of a crime. An accompl…
causation
the act must cause the harmful result
9 terms
Courts
US Supreme Court
VA Court of Appeals
US District Courts
US Court of Appeals
Appellate jurisdiction and limited Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction only
US Supreme Court
Appellate jurisdiction and limited Original Jurisdiction
VA Court of Appeals
Appellate Jurisdiction
44 terms
Courts
landmark decision
Felony courts
Eighth Amendment
85
When a right is granted in a case by the Supreme Court it is…
Courts of general jurisdiction are also known as what?
The ____ Amendment to the Constitution prohibits excessive ba…
To qualify for federal funds under truth-in-sentencing laws,…
landmark decision
When a right is granted in a case by the Supreme Court it is…
Felony courts
Courts of general jurisdiction are also known as what?
16 terms
Courts
Municipal court
Circuit court
District court
Regional court
Court of the city
The word is the same as when you speak about electrical circuit
Commonly court of first instance
Sometimes court of appeal and sometimes court of first instance
Municipal court
Court of the city
Circuit court
The word is the same as when you speak about electrical circuit
12 terms
Courts
dual court system
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
A court system made up of both federal and state courts.
A court's authority to hear and decide cases
Authority of ONLY federal courts to hear and decide a case.
Authority of BOTH state and federal courts to hear and decide…
dual court system
A court system made up of both federal and state courts.
jurisdiction
A court's authority to hear and decide cases
38 terms
Courts
Judge
The Jury
Bench Trial
judges are required to abide by..
ensure that proper procedure are followed and the defendants…
responsibility for deciding whether the evidence proves the d…
the defendant waives their rights to a jury trial and is trie…
code of conduct
Judge
ensure that proper procedure are followed and the defendants…
The Jury
responsibility for deciding whether the evidence proves the d…
The Courts
What is the name for the body of law t…
By which term is the practice of the c…
Where do most trials in America take p…
Which of the following is not included…
A.
C.
A.
C.
What is the name for the body of law t…
A.
By which term is the practice of the c…
C.
64 terms
Courts
Texas Court System
Municipal Court
Justice of the Peace
County Court
Municipal, Justice of the Peace, County, Distric
Punishable by fine only
Municipal functions and small civil cases
Misdemeanors
Texas Court System
Municipal, Justice of the Peace, County, Distric
Municipal Court
Punishable by fine only
The courts
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
involve disputes btw individual or gov losing defendant requi…
involve violation of a state that has been enacted to protect…
a court power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed t…
is the power of a higher court to review decisions and change…
Civil Law
involve disputes btw individual or gov losing defendant requi…
Criminal Law
involve violation of a state that has been enacted to protect…
85 terms
Courts
Main Components of the Criminal Justic…
Dual Court System
Federal System
State System
Courts, Corrections, Police
State System & Federal System
Magistrate... District... Circuit Court of Appeals... US Supreme Court
Trial Court of limited Jurisdiction... Trial Court of General Ju…
Main Components of the Criminal Justic…
Courts, Corrections, Police
Dual Court System
State System & Federal System
25 terms
Courts
City of London Magistrate's Court
Highbury Corner Magistrate's Court
Central Criminal Court
Willesden County Court
Queen Victoria Street
Holloway Road
Old Bailey
Acton Lane
City of London Magistrate's Court
Queen Victoria Street
Highbury Corner Magistrate's Court
Holloway Road
11 terms
Courts
U.S. supreme court
u.s court of appeals
u.s district court
what type of courts are in the u.s cou…
court of final appeal, 9 justices, no jury
If unhappy with ruling in district court, the accused needs a…
Original jurisdiction. may have a jury
Supreme, appeals, and district
U.S. supreme court
court of final appeal, 9 justices, no jury
u.s court of appeals
If unhappy with ruling in district court, the accused needs a…
102 terms
Courts
Lawyers in the Courts
Role of the Prosecutor/ Major Characte…
Broad Discretion is
Charging decisions means
Prosecutors... Public Defenders... Private attorneys... *Criminal defe…
Broad Discretion... Charging decisions ... Decentralized
Part of the executive branch of government... Officer of the cou…
Have total discretion
Lawyers in the Courts
Prosecutors... Public Defenders... Private attorneys... *Criminal defe…
Role of the Prosecutor/ Major Characte…
Broad Discretion... Charging decisions ... Decentralized
16 terms
In court
court room
trial
coat of arms
judge
Gerichtssaal
Verhandlung
Wappen
Richter
court room
Gerichtssaal
trial
Verhandlung
41 terms
Courts
3 components of crmj system
Dual courts (3)
3 characteristics of American justice…
Is CRMJ interested in justice?
1. Police (spends most money)... 2. Courts... 3. Corrections
1. Federal... 2. State... 3. Local (spends most money)
Tension and conflict... Interdependent ... Fragmented
No because there is no way to define justice
3 components of crmj system
1. Police (spends most money)... 2. Courts... 3. Corrections
Dual courts (3)
1. Federal... 2. State... 3. Local (spends most money)
36 terms
Courts
Problem-Solving Courts
Types of problem solving courts
Community courts
Traditional criminal courts
specialized courts that are committed to use innovative was t…
drug, domestic violence, mental health, gun courts, teen courts
"quality of life crimes"
non-specialized courts that handle all crimes, "revolving doo…
Problem-Solving Courts
specialized courts that are committed to use innovative was t…
Types of problem solving courts
drug, domestic violence, mental health, gun courts, teen courts
111 terms
courts
special prosecutor
habeas corpus
victim compensation
conflict of interest
attorney outside the gov't brought in to investigate and poss…
"that you have the body"
money provided to a victim that is primarily financed from co…
why are special prosecutors brought in
special prosecutor
attorney outside the gov't brought in to investigate and poss…
habeas corpus
"that you have the body"
10 terms
Courts
Criminal & Civil
Civil
Criminal & Civil
Criminal
US Supreme Court
TX Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
Court of Criminal Appeals
Criminal & Civil
US Supreme Court
Civil
TX Supreme Court
22 terms
The Courts
Judicial Review
The "Hollow Hope"
The "Constrained Court"
Strict Construction
The Supreme Court's power to strike down a law or executive b…
...
...
--Scalia (textualist): strict, argues you need to focus on th…
Judicial Review
The Supreme Court's power to strike down a law or executive b…
The "Hollow Hope"
...
53 terms
The Courts
The Federal Judiciary includes
Judicial decisions are constrained by
The judiciary has become an increasing…
The judiciary act of 1789 established…
Supreme Court of the U.S. (functions mainly as appellate cour…
applicable constitutional law, statutory and administrative l…
Policymaking
System of federal courts (some were worried about an abusive…
The Federal Judiciary includes
Supreme Court of the U.S. (functions mainly as appellate cour…
Judicial decisions are constrained by
applicable constitutional law, statutory and administrative l…
37 terms
The Courts
Judiciary Act of 1789
District Courts
Appellate Jurisdiction
Judicial Review
The law in which Congress laid out the organization of the fe…
Lower level trial courts of the federal judicial system that…
The authority of a court to hear appeals from lower courts an…
The Supreme Court's power to strike down a law or executive b…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The law in which Congress laid out the organization of the fe…
District Courts
Lower level trial courts of the federal judicial system that…
31 terms
The Courts
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Judicial Review
U.S. District Courts
established the system of federal courts...some were worried…
established the supremacy of the Constitution and the Supreme…
the power to declare government acts invalid because they vio…
the lowest federal courts where federal cases usually originate
Judiciary Act of 1789
established the system of federal courts...some were worried…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
established the supremacy of the Constitution and the Supreme…
12 terms
The Courts
The Supreme Court
To interpret laws
The Supreme Court
The Circuit Court of Appeals, District…
What is the highest court of law in the United States?
What is the chief duty of the Judicial Branch?
What is the only court mentioned in the Constitution?
What other federal courts have been created by Congress?
The Supreme Court
What is the highest court of law in the United States?
To interpret laws
What is the chief duty of the Judicial Branch?
44 terms
The Courts
Amicus Curiae Brief
Appellate Court
Appellate Jurisdiction
Case Law
Brief filed by a group to influence a Supreme Court decision…
Court having jurisdiction to review cases & issues that were…
Court's authority to review decisions made by lower courts... (…
The law as established by the outcome of former cases
Amicus Curiae Brief
Brief filed by a group to influence a Supreme Court decision…
Appellate Court
Court having jurisdiction to review cases & issues that were…
19 terms
The Courts
Standing to Sue
Class Action Lawsuits
Amicus Curae Briefs
Original Jurisdiction
...
...
...
...
Standing to Sue
...
Class Action Lawsuits
...
33 terms
THe courts
District courts
Magistrate judges
Appellate courts
Supreme Court
the entry point for most federal litigation
Judges who support federal district judges by hearing and dec…
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
resolves disputes between and among states, maintains the nat…
District courts
the entry point for most federal litigation
Magistrate judges
Judges who support federal district judges by hearing and dec…
8 terms
The Courts
Judicial activism
Originalism
Rule of four
Writ of habeas corpus
When judges deny legislators or the executive the power to do…
The judicial interpretation of the constitution that aims to…
Four judges have to vote yes in order to move case into court.
A court order to a person or agency holding someone in custod…
Judicial activism
When judges deny legislators or the executive the power to do…
Originalism
The judicial interpretation of the constitution that aims to…
22 terms
The courts
Appellate jurisdiction
Amicus curiae
State decisis
Per curium
Empowered to review all final decisions of district courts
Briefs to influence the courts ... A document that they read
To let previous decisions stand unchanged
Unsigned cases that involve only the case and set no precedent
Appellate jurisdiction
Empowered to review all final decisions of district courts
Amicus curiae
Briefs to influence the courts ... A document that they read
18 terms
The Courts
General jurisdiction
Special jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
The court has the authority to hear a wide variety of legal s…
The court has the authority to hear a limited type or types o…
The court has the authority to hear the case for the first ti…
The court has the authority to review a case for substantial…
General jurisdiction
The court has the authority to hear a wide variety of legal s…
Special jurisdiction
The court has the authority to hear a limited type or types o…
25 terms
The courts
What does the constitution say about c…
Judicial review
Marbury v Madison
Structure of the Court system
all power resides in the supreme court
the right of an institution to determine whether any action o…
if the courts are challenged they will be destroyed bc they h…
district courts... court of appeals/ circuit courts... supreme court
What does the constitution say about c…
all power resides in the supreme court
Judicial review
the right of an institution to determine whether any action o…
33 terms
The Courts
Common Law
Precedent
Stare Decisis
Case Law
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shap…
A court rule bearing on subsequent decisions in similar cases.
To stand on decided cases; the judicial policy of following p…
Judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrin…
Common Law
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shap…
Precedent
A court rule bearing on subsequent decisions in similar cases.
11 terms
The Courts
Physical Evidence
Hung Jury
Stare Decisis/Precedent
Writ of Certiorari
Tangible and cannot be twisted as easily as verbal evidence (…
'Endlessly deadlocked', jury cannot come to a unanimous decis…
The legal principle of determining points in litigation accor…
When a case is in the court and they want to make it 'up the…
Physical Evidence
Tangible and cannot be twisted as easily as verbal evidence (…
Hung Jury
'Endlessly deadlocked', jury cannot come to a unanimous decis…
32 terms
The Courts
affirm
appellate court
broad constructionism
case law
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Judicial interpretations of common-law principles and doctrin…
affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
appellate court
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
28 terms
The Courts
know what kind of a court system the U…
know the four functions of the courts,…
Know the definition of jurisdiction, a…
Know who (which jurisdiction) has the…
dual court system
1. Due Process... 2. Crime Control... 3. Rehabilitation... 4. Bureaucr…
authority of a court to hear and decide cases; determined by…
state
know what kind of a court system the U…
dual court system
know the four functions of the courts,…
1. Due Process... 2. Crime Control... 3. Rehabilitation... 4. Bureaucr…
7 terms
The Courts
Amicus curiae
Stare decisis
Original intent
Judicial review
(Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pu…
A Latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand." Most cases r…
A view that the Constitution should be interpreted according…
The power of the courts to determine whether acts of Congress…
Amicus curiae
(Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pu…
Stare decisis
A Latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand." Most cases r…
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