Study sets matching "the earth science 8 topics"

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Study sets matching "the earth science 8 topics"

17 terms
Earth Science Topic 8
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long…
the subsurface water below the water table
another name for the water cycle
capillarity
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long…
45 terms
Earth science topic 8
hydrologic (water) cycle
infiltration
runoff
porosity
the circulation of water from the surface of the Earth, into…
the process in which water soaks into the ground
the water from precipitaition that flows downhill under the i…
percentage of open space in a sample compared to the total vo…
hydrologic (water) cycle
the circulation of water from the surface of the Earth, into…
infiltration
the process in which water soaks into the ground
24 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary Topic 8
asthenosphere
convergent boundaries
crust
diverging boundaries
The upper part of the mantle which behaves like a thick, plas…
When two plates collide.
The thin, outermost layer of the lithosphere.
Occur when two ocean plates are moving apart.
asthenosphere
The upper part of the mantle which behaves like a thick, plas…
convergent boundaries
When two plates collide.
Earth Science Topic 8
Revolution
Coriolis effect
Lunar eclipse
Solar eclipse
An object moving around another object.
An object in the northern hemisphere is deflected to the righ…
The moon is blocked by the earth's shadow
The sun is blocked by the moon
Revolution
An object moving around another object.
Coriolis effect
An object in the northern hemisphere is deflected to the righ…
20 terms
Earth science topic 8
Water cycle
Infiltration
Runoff
Ground water
A model that illustrates the movement and changes of state (p…
Water entering, sinking into soil under the influence of grav…
All of the natural liquid water glowing on earth's surface, i…
The subsurface water found beneath the water table, in zone o…
Water cycle
A model that illustrates the movement and changes of state (p…
Infiltration
Water entering, sinking into soil under the influence of grav…
21 terms
Earth science topic 8
Weather
Climate
Factors that determine the climate of…
Latitude
Atmospheric conditions over a short time
Atmospheric conditions over a long time (temp, temp range and…
1. Latitude... 2. Altitude... 3. Ocean effects... 4. Prevailing winds…
The higher the latitude the colder the climate
Weather
Atmospheric conditions over a short time
Climate
Atmospheric conditions over a long time (temp, temp range and…
17 terms
topic 8 earth Science
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrolic cycle
process by which water is drawn into openings due to the attr…
the overall view of a regions weather conditions over long pe…
the subsurface water found beneath the water table in the zon…
a model used to illustrate the movement and changes of state…
capillarity
process by which water is drawn into openings due to the attr…
climate
the overall view of a regions weather conditions over long pe…
17 terms
Earth Science Topic 8
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrologic cycle
the attractive force between water molecules and the surround…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long…
the subsurface water below the water table
another name for the water cycle
capillarity
the attractive force between water molecules and the surround…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long…
22 terms
topic 8 earth science
water cycle
infiltrate
porosity
permeability
a model often a diagram used to illustrate water movement
water entering or sinking into the ground
space in between objects
how fast water flows through a material
water cycle
a model often a diagram used to illustrate water movement
infiltrate
water entering or sinking into the ground
17 terms
Earth Science Topic 8 Vocabulary
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrolic cycle
attractive force between water molecules and the surrounding…
overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long per…
subsurface water below the water table
see water cycle
capillarity
attractive force between water molecules and the surrounding…
climate
overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long per…
19 terms
Topic 8 Review: Earth Science
Water Cycle
Slope
Water Table
Water Budget
Condensation, Transpiration, Evaporation, Precipitation, Runo…
Steep: more runoff, less infiltration and Gentle: more infilt…
Surface, Zone of Aeration, Zone of Saturation
P/Ep>1 humid and P/Ep<1 Arid
Water Cycle
Condensation, Transpiration, Evaporation, Precipitation, Runo…
Slope
Steep: more runoff, less infiltration and Gentle: more infilt…
23 terms
Earth Science Topic 8 Vocab
Infiltration
Ground water
runoff
Evaporation
when water seeps into the ground
water that enters the gound and fills open spaces in soil and…
water flowing over the surface of Earth
phase change fom liquid to gas, how water gets from the ocean…
Infiltration
when water seeps into the ground
Ground water
water that enters the gound and fills open spaces in soil and…
116 terms
Regents Earth Science Topic 8
Most of Earth's water was formed
outgassing
outgassing occurs through
97% of earth's water is...... 3% is.....
early on by outgassing
the seeping out of gases from earth's interior
cracks and volcanic eruptions from earth's surface
saltwater... freshwater
Most of Earth's water was formed
early on by outgassing
outgassing
the seeping out of gases from earth's interior
Earth Science 8: topic 4 topic NOTES
apparent motion of the celestial sphere
zenith
horizon
The Big Bang Theory
-at poles: star trails are circular trails parallel to horizo…
highest point directly overhead
the edge or rim of the hemisphere
Most scientists believe that every galaxy would be moving awa…
apparent motion of the celestial sphere
-at poles: star trails are circular trails parallel to horizo…
zenith
highest point directly overhead
Earth Science Topic 7 and 8
Weather:
Climate:
Meteorology:
What are weather variables?
The condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a particular time…
Average year after year weather of a particular area
The study of weather
Temperature, air pressure, wind (speed and direction), humidi…
Weather:
The condition of the Earth's atmosphere at a particular time…
Climate:
Average year after year weather of a particular area
15 terms
Earth Science Topic 8 Vocabulary
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
the subsurface water found beneath the water table in the zon…
a model used to illustrate the movement and changes of state…
capillarity
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
18 terms
topic 8 vocab ( earth science)
condensation
conduction
convection
crystallization
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
the transfer of energy as heat through a material
the movement of matter due to differences in density
the formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts
condensation
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
conduction
the transfer of energy as heat through a material
31 terms
Earth science topics 8 & 14
Water cycle
Infiltration
Runoff
Ground water
A model that illistrates rhe movement and changes of state of…
Water entering, sinking into soil due to gravity
All of the natural liquid water flowing on earths surface
The subsurface water found beneath the water table, in the zo…
Water cycle
A model that illistrates rhe movement and changes of state of…
Infiltration
Water entering, sinking into soil due to gravity
EarthScience 8: Topic 1 NOTES
Observation
What is precision?
Instruments
Inferences
-interaction of one or more your senses with the environment…
-on point, accurate
-extend the senses (ex: microscope, ruler, telescope etc)
-an interpretation of observations
Observation
-interaction of one or more your senses with the environment…
What is precision?
-on point, accurate
Earth Science 8: topic 4 quiz NOTES
apparent motion of the celestial sphere
zenith
horizon
The Big Bang Theory
-at poles: star trails are circular trails parallel to horizo…
highest point directly overhead
the edge or rim of the hemisphere
Most scientists believe that every galaxy would be moving awa…
apparent motion of the celestial sphere
-at poles: star trails are circular trails parallel to horizo…
zenith
highest point directly overhead
Earth science 8: Topic 3 test questions
Time for a complete moon phase cycle
Why does it take only 271/3 days for t…
what are spring tides
what are neap tides
29.5 days
Since the earth has been moving through space, it takes the m…
When the moon and sun are aligned the high tides are higher t…
When the sun's and moon's gravity are pulling at 90o one anot…
Time for a complete moon phase cycle
29.5 days
Why does it take only 271/3 days for t…
Since the earth has been moving through space, it takes the m…
17 terms
earth science topic 8-water and climate
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
the subsurface water found beneath the water table in the zon…
see water cycle
capillarity
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
17 terms
earth science topic 8-water and climate
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
the subsurface water found beneath the water table in the zon…
see water cycle
capillarity
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
Earth Science 8: topic 3 quiz NOTES
Rotation of the earth
Rate of rotation
Proof of rotation
The Foucault Pendulum
the earth rotates on its axis once everyday.... the axis is an i…
We are rotating at a rate of approx 360 degrees/day or 15 deg…
The appearance of day and night. Focaults Pendulum is another…
named after a french physicist, Jean Foucault-first used to i…
Rotation of the earth
the earth rotates on its axis once everyday.... the axis is an i…
Rate of rotation
We are rotating at a rate of approx 360 degrees/day or 15 deg…
30 terms
Topic 8&14 Vocab (earth science)
escarpment
landscape
Landscape Region
Mountain
steep slope of cliff in layered rocks;often formed from certs…
topographic expression of an area based on elevation, bedrock…
identifiable areas of unique landscape characteristics with c…
an area of high elevation that contains deformed/distorted/me…
escarpment
steep slope of cliff in layered rocks;often formed from certs…
landscape
topographic expression of an area based on elevation, bedrock…
Earth Science Topic Notes 8 (Weather)
Weather
What causes weather?
Variables in atmosphere that control w…
Where do most weather changes occur in…
state of the atmosphere at a given location (for a brief time…
The atmosphere trying to distribute heat energy (absorbed by…
🔹Temperature... 🔹Air pressure... 🔹Wind... 🔹Moisture conditions... 🔹Cloud…
Troposphere
Weather
state of the atmosphere at a given location (for a brief time…
What causes weather?
The atmosphere trying to distribute heat energy (absorbed by…
10 terms
Earth Science Topic 6
angle of incidence
deforestation
sunspot
heat budget
the angle at which an incoming light source (the Sun's rays)…
the cutting down of trees and other plants of a forest
a cooler darker spot appearing periodically on the sun's surf…
The result of the balance between the total amount of energy…
angle of incidence
the angle at which an incoming light source (the Sun's rays)…
deforestation
the cutting down of trees and other plants of a forest
Earth Science Vocabulary: Topics 8 & 14
Escarpment
Landscape
Landscape region
Mountain
AKA cliffs, change in slope between layers of different resis…
topographic expression of an area based on elevation, bedrock…
identifiable areas of unique landscape characteristics with c…
an area of high elevation that contains DEFORMED / DISTORTED…
Escarpment
AKA cliffs, change in slope between layers of different resis…
Landscape
topographic expression of an area based on elevation, bedrock…
29 terms
Earth Science Topic 3
asteroid
Big bang theory
comet
ellipse
A piece of rock that orbits the sun
The theory that the universe originated in a huge explosion t…
A ball of ice and dust whose orbit is usually a long, narrow…
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
asteroid
A piece of rock that orbits the sun
Big bang theory
The theory that the universe originated in a huge explosion t…
32 terms
earth science topic 1
density
meniscus
water displacement method
when water is most dense
how compact atoms are in an object
the curve in a graduated cylinder
used to find the density of an irregular object
4 degrees celcius
density
how compact atoms are in an object
meniscus
the curve in a graduated cylinder
20 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary List Topic 8
Water Cycle
Infiltration
Runoff
Ground Water
The movement and the phase changes of water at and near the E…
The seeping of precipitation into the upper parts of the Eart…
Precipitation that flows over the Earth's surface.
The subsurface water below the water table.
Water Cycle
The movement and the phase changes of water at and near the E…
Infiltration
The seeping of precipitation into the upper parts of the Eart…
17 terms
Earth Science: Topic 8 weather and climate
1) When rain falls on a soil surface,…
2) When rainfall occurs, the water wil…
3) The diagram below represents two id…
4) As the temperature of the soil decr…
A) soil pore spaces are filled to capacity
C) steeply sloped
A) porosity
A) decrease
1) When rain falls on a soil surface,…
A) soil pore spaces are filled to capacity
2) When rainfall occurs, the water wil…
C) steeply sloped
13 terms
Earth Science Topic 4
axis
constellation
Coriolis effect
eclipse
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and…
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by another
axis
An imaginary line through a planet's north and south poles on…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
48 terms
Grade 8 Topic 3- Earth Science (Part I)
Crust
Mantle
Outer core
Inner core
The outermost layer of the earth; made of solid rocks. (5)
The middle layer of the earth; it makes up most of the mass o…
Second Hottest layer; made of iron and most densest layer. It…
Hottest layer; made of iron and nickel and most densest layer…
Crust
The outermost layer of the earth; made of solid rocks. (5)
Mantle
The middle layer of the earth; it makes up most of the mass o…
44 terms
Grade 8 Topic 6 Earth Science (Part II)
Properties of a mineral
Inorganic
Organic
Minerals
1. Solid... 2. Naturally occurring... 3. Inorganic... 4. Definate chem…
Not formed by living organisms
Formed by living organisms
Single chemical substance
Properties of a mineral
1. Solid... 2. Naturally occurring... 3. Inorganic... 4. Definate chem…
Inorganic
Not formed by living organisms
31 terms
Earth Science Topics 8 9 10
Water Cycle
Capillarity
Climate
Groundwater
model used to illustrate the movement and the phase changes o…
attractive force between water molucules and Earth's surround…
overall view of a region's weather conditions over a long per…
subsurface water below water table
Water Cycle
model used to illustrate the movement and the phase changes o…
Capillarity
attractive force between water molucules and Earth's surround…
31 terms
Earth Science Vocab Topic 14 and 8
escarpment
landscape
landscape region
mountain
change in slope between layers of different resistance, often…
topographic expression of an area based on elevation, bedrock…
identifiable areas of unique landscape characteristics with c…
an area of high elevation that contains DEFORMED/ DISTORTED/…
escarpment
change in slope between layers of different resistance, often…
landscape
topographic expression of an area based on elevation, bedrock…
Topic 8 Earth Science - Grace Frazier
capillarity
climate
ground water
infiltrate
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
the subsurface water found beneath the water table in the zon…
water entering or sinking into, under the influence of gravit…
capillarity
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
180 terms
Earth Science Midterm Topics
Definition of convection currents.
Definition of faults.
Where do earthquakes frequently occur?
Explain convergent plate boundaries.
movement of gases and liquid based on changes in density; hot…
basically cracks in the crust
along the edges of plate boundaries
- place where two plates come together or converge... - density…
Definition of convection currents.
movement of gases and liquid based on changes in density; hot…
Definition of faults.
basically cracks in the crust
26 terms
Earth Science Topic 3
Asteriod
Big Bang Theory
celestial object
comet
solid, rocky and/or metallic body that independently orbit th…
states that the present universe started as a big explosion 1…
any process in the universe outside of Earth's atmosphere, in…
a low density object composed of materials (ices) that easily…
Asteriod
solid, rocky and/or metallic body that independently orbit th…
Big Bang Theory
states that the present universe started as a big explosion 1…
Earth Science: Topic 8 - Water and Climate
capillarity
climate
ground water
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
the subsurface water found beneath the water table in the zon…
(see water cycle)
capillarity
the process by which water is drawn into openings due to the…
climate
the overall view of a region's weather conditions over long p…
91 terms
Earth Science- Topics 7&8 NOT FINISHED
Precipitation
When it comes to understanding atmosph…
What does the process of changing stat…
Latent heat
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
Water vapor
Energy transferred in the form of heat- the substance is eith…
The energy absorbed or released during a change in state
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from a cloud
When it comes to understanding atmosph…
Water vapor
12 terms
Period 8 Earth Science Review (topic 3)
Surface Area
Chemical Weathering
Physical Weathering
Permeability
The amount of a material exposed to the environment. Smaller…
Breaks down to a smaller size and creates new materials
Breaks down rock to a smaller size
Rate at which water moves through a material
Surface Area
The amount of a material exposed to the environment. Smaller…
Chemical Weathering
Breaks down to a smaller size and creates new materials
19 terms
Earth Science topic 2
oblate sphere
Pin Pong Ball
Troposphere
% by volumn of oxygen at each layer
the earth is slightly flattened due to its rotation; not visi…
best true scale model of the shape of the Earth; if we were t…
Where weather occurs (clouds)... 0-12 km or 0-8 miles above the…
Crust/lithosphere - 94%... Hydrosphere - 33%... Troposphere - 21%... (…
oblate sphere
the earth is slightly flattened due to its rotation; not visi…
Pin Pong Ball
best true scale model of the shape of the Earth; if we were t…
34 terms
Topic 8 Water and Climate earth science
porosity
permeability
capillarity
zone of aeration
Percentage of air space in rock or soil.
Ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it
property of water where adhesion and cohesion enable water mo…
The upper portion of soil and rock that can be temporarily fi…
porosity
Percentage of air space in rock or soil.
permeability
Ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it
31 terms
Earth Science Topic 1 Test BBMS 8
graphing rules
x-axis
y- axis
direct relationship
title should incorporate both of the axes, always use a ruler…
horizontal line, independent variable, should be read first
vertical line, dependent variable
as x-axis goes up, y-axis goes up OR as x-axis goes down, the…
graphing rules
title should incorporate both of the axes, always use a ruler…
x-axis
horizontal line, independent variable, should be read first
Earth Science 8: MIDTERM topics 1-4
as viewed from earth, most stars to ap…
which real motion cases the the sun ap…
how many degrees does the sun appear t…
explain why the north star does not ap…
earth rotates on its axis
earths rotation
60 degrees
it is located almost directly over earths axis of rotation
as viewed from earth, most stars to ap…
earth rotates on its axis
which real motion cases the the sun ap…
earths rotation
Topic 7 and 8 test for earth science
weather
station model
temperature
air pressure
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
a pattern of meteorological symbols that represents the weath…
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
A force that is the result of the weight of a column of air p…
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
station model
a pattern of meteorological symbols that represents the weath…
14 terms
Earth Science Topic 2 test BBMS8
shape and size of Earth and evidence
latitude
longitude
Polaris
shape: oblate spheroid, size: equatorial diameter: 12,756 km,…
Distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees,…
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degr…
A.K.A North Star, located directly above the Earth's axis/Nor…
shape and size of Earth and evidence
shape: oblate spheroid, size: equatorial diameter: 12,756 km,…
latitude
Distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees,…
Earth Science 8: topic 4 PRACTICE QUESTIONS
Compared to the terrestrial planets, t…
Which planet is located approximately…
After the young Sun formed, the disk o…
Which object in our solar system has t…
D) longer periods of revolution
C) saturn
D) eventually formed into planets
B) earth
Compared to the terrestrial planets, t…
D) longer periods of revolution
Which planet is located approximately…
C) saturn
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