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Study sets matching "the earth volcanoes earthquakes plate tectonics"

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Study sets matching "the earth volcanoes earthquakes plate tectonics"

47 terms
Plate Tectonics/Earth/Earthquakes/Volcanoes
What are the 4 layers of the Earth?
Crust (5)
Mantle (5)
What are the two parts of the Mantle?
Crust... Mantle... Outer Core... Inner Core
-Outer Layer... -Made of the lightest materials (rock- basalts a…
-Much hotter... -Has ability to flow... -Largest/Thickest layer... -Ma…
-Lithosphere: Top portion of the mantle as well as the crust…
What are the 4 layers of the Earth?
Crust... Mantle... Outer Core... Inner Core
Crust (5)
-Outer Layer... -Made of the lightest materials (rock- basalts a…
23 terms
Adv. Earth Science-Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, earthquakes
asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent boundaries
effusive eruption
the partially melted upper part of the mantle; tectonic plate…
hypothesis pioneered by Wegener, that earth's continents move…
boundary between two plates that are moving towards each othe…
eruption where fluid lava leaks and flows from a volcano
asthenosphere
the partially melted upper part of the mantle; tectonic plate…
continental drift
hypothesis pioneered by Wegener, that earth's continents move…
47 terms
earth science. plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry
divergent boundry
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundry where two plates collide
boundry where two plates move apart
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry
boundry where two plates collide
36 terms
Earth Science: Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
plate tectonics
Pangeae
continental drift
mid-ocean ridge
theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere, called plates, mov…
ancient supercontinent formed about 300 million years ago, wh…
process in which the continents move slowly across Earth's su…
chain of underwater mountains in the middle of the oceans
plate tectonics
theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere, called plates, mov…
Pangeae
ancient supercontinent formed about 300 million years ago, wh…
22 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
geologic activity
Continental crust
Oceanic crust
Moho
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
Thinner and more dense than continental crust. Made mostly of…
Region of the Earth that has drastic changes in properties.
geologic activity
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Continental crust
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
38 terms
Plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes
mantle
asthenosphere
lithosphere
magnetic field
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper ma…
area of charged particles that create a magnetic force, produ…
mantle
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
asthenosphere
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
Layers of the Earth, Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, & Volcanoes
asthenosphere
continental drift
convection current
continental plates
the liquid-like, semi-solid layer of the mantle on which the…
the theory that the continents were once connected in a singl…
current in Earth's mantle that transfers heat in Earth's inte…
thick continental crust
asthenosphere
the liquid-like, semi-solid layer of the mantle on which the…
continental drift
the theory that the continents were once connected in a singl…
19 terms
earth science. plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry
divergent boundry
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundry where two plates collide
boundry where two plates move apart
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry
boundry where two plates collide
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
47 terms
earth science. plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry
divergent boundry
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundry where two plates collide
boundry where two plates move apart
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry
boundry where two plates collide
53 terms
Earth Science Test: Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes
Continental Drift
Pangea
mid-ocean ridge
deep ocean trench
Wegner's idea that the continents slowly moved over Earth's s…
The supercontinent that was there 300 million years ago
mountain ranges that run along the middle of the ocean floor
deep underwater canyons
Continental Drift
Wegner's idea that the continents slowly moved over Earth's s…
Pangea
The supercontinent that was there 300 million years ago
35 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
29 terms
Earth Parts / Plate Tectonics / Earthquakes / Volcanoes
Pangea
Plate Tectonic Theory
Continental Drift Theory
Seismic Waves
What is the name of the single landmass according to Wegener'…
What do we call the theory that the earth's lithosphere is di…
The theory that states the continents were once one large lan…
How is the deep interior of the earth mapped?
Pangea
What is the name of the single landmass according to Wegener'…
Plate Tectonic Theory
What do we call the theory that the earth's lithosphere is di…
17 terms
Earthquakes, Plate Tectonics, and Volcanoes
earthquakes
fault
seismic waves
epicenter
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
a break in rock
wave of energy that travels through the earth
where the earthquake started and the earthquake is the strong…
earthquakes
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
fault
a break in rock
58 terms
Earth Science Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Mountains
Inner core
Outer core
Mantle
Crust
1200 km, made of solid iron and nickel
2250 km, made of liquid iron and nickel
2900 km, mostly solid, rich in iron, magnesium, and silicon
10-65 km, thickest under continents, thinnest under oceans, r…
Inner core
1200 km, made of solid iron and nickel
Outer core
2250 km, made of liquid iron and nickel
71 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
shearing
footwall
compression
anticline
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
Type of stress that produces a reverse fault
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
shearing
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
footwall
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
51 terms
Earth Science Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Alfred Wegner
Pangaea
Laurasia
Gindwanaland
German geologist and meteorologist who first proposed the the…
200-250 million years ago the continents used to be all conne…
Northern half of Pangaea
Southern half of Pangaea
Alfred Wegner
German geologist and meteorologist who first proposed the the…
Pangaea
200-250 million years ago the continents used to be all conne…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
Earth's Layers, Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Inner Core
the outmost layer of Earth and thinnest layer that has cool t…
the second layer of Earth. Made of molten rock, which is liqu…
Made of liquid metal(iron, nickel), with very hot temperature…
the inmost layer of Earth that is made of solid(iron, nickel)…
crust
the outmost layer of Earth and thinnest layer that has cool t…
Mantle
the second layer of Earth. Made of molten rock, which is liqu…
47 terms
earth science. plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry
divergent boundry
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundry where two plates collide
boundry where two plates move apart
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry
boundry where two plates collide
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
P waves
S waves
surface waves
seismologist
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
A type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves re…
A scientist who studies earthquakes
P waves
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
S waves
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
24 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
Plate Tectonics
Divergent Boundary
Convergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Modern theory explaining the structure of the Earth's crust.
A boundary where two plates are moving away from each other.
A boundary where two plates are moving towards each other.
A boundary where two plates are sliding past each other.
Plate Tectonics
Modern theory explaining the structure of the Earth's crust.
Divergent Boundary
A boundary where two plates are moving away from each other.
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
20 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
convection current
asthenosphere
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
the cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking air
plastic-like layer of Earth's surface
Pangaea
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
seafloor spreading
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-Ocean Ridge
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in th…
Long, underwater mountain chains-divergent boundary
Continental Drift
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
Pangaea
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
45 terms
Earth science plate tectonics, volcanoes, and earthquakes
Earth's Mantle
forms when 2 oceanic plates collide
forms when 2 continental plates collide
forms when a oceanic plate collides wi…
The layer of hot rock or material between the earth's crust a…
Volcanoes
High mountain ranges
Trenches
Earth's Mantle
The layer of hot rock or material between the earth's crust a…
forms when 2 oceanic plates collide
Volcanoes
47 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
46 terms
Earth Science Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Alfred Wegner
Pangaea
Laurasia
Gondwanaland
German geologist and meteorologist who first proposed the the…
200-250 million years ago the continents used to be all conne…
Northern half of Pangaea
Southern half of Pangaea
Alfred Wegner
German geologist and meteorologist who first proposed the the…
Pangaea
200-250 million years ago the continents used to be all conne…
34 terms
Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes/Volcanoes
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mesosphere
outer core
Contains the crust and upper part of mantle.... "rock sphere"…
Soft layer of mantle where pieces of the lithosphere moved.…
Strong, lower part of mantle. ... Extends to core.... -"middle sp…
Liquid layer that extends from the edge of the mantle to the…
lithosphere
Contains the crust and upper part of mantle.... "rock sphere"…
asthenosphere
Soft layer of mantle where pieces of the lithosphere moved.…
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
15 terms
earth science review PLATE TECTONICS VOLCANOES EARTHQUAKES
Pangea
what are four pieces of evidence suppo…
what are four main layers of earth
define lithosphere and asthenosphere
all continents joined together
1. S. America and Africa fit ... 2evidence of glaciers in Austra…
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
lithosphere: crust and upper part of mantle, makes up plates…
Pangea
all continents joined together
what are four pieces of evidence suppo…
1. S. America and Africa fit ... 2evidence of glaciers in Austra…
16 terms
Plate Tectonics - Earthquakes - Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sea-Floor Spreading
Subduction
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
34 terms
earth science. plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry... Name the different…
divergent boundary... Give an example
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundary where two plates collide ... ocean - ocean... continental…
boundary where two plates move apart... EX: Mid -Atlantic Ridge
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry... Name the different…
boundary where two plates collide ... ocean - ocean... continental…
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, & Volcanoes
continental drift
Alfred Wegener
Pangea
seafloor spreading
the theory that a continents moved slowly to their current lo…
the scientist that proposed the idea of continental drift in…
one large landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago
the process where molten material rises to the surface at mid…
continental drift
the theory that a continents moved slowly to their current lo…
Alfred Wegener
the scientist that proposed the idea of continental drift in…
40 terms
PLATE TECTONICS / EARTHQUAKES / VOLCANOES
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
ball of hot, solid metals.
layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core.
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock that is less dense th…
thin layer of cool rock that surrounds Earth somewhat like a…
inner core
ball of hot, solid metals.
outer core
layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core.
46 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
36 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry
divergent boundry
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundry where two plates collide
boundry where two plates move apart
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry
boundry where two plates collide
48 terms
PLATO- Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics and Earth Movements
aa
active volcano
aftershock:
asthenosphere
a type of lava flow with a rough, rubbly surface.
a volcano that is erupting or showing signs of erupting soon.
a smaller earthquake that follows an initial earthquake.
the layer of the mantle that pushes on tectonic plates.
aa
a type of lava flow with a rough, rubbly surface.
active volcano
a volcano that is erupting or showing signs of erupting soon.
27 terms
Earth Science- Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
Layers of the Earth
Moho
What happens to the temperature/pressu…
Evidence of the Continental Drift
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
The boundary line between the mantle and crust
The temperature and pressure also increase
Fossils, Rocks, puzzle-like shorelines
Layers of the Earth
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
Moho
The boundary line between the mantle and crust
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, & Earthquakes
What did early mapmakers notice that m…
What 3 pieces of evidence did Wegner u…
Why was Wegner's idea of Continental D…
What evidence did Harry Hess find that…
The shape of the coastlines looked like puzzle pieces
Rock formations (matching coastlines), fossil evidence, clima…
Could not explain why or how
Mid-ocean ridges which provided geologic evidence
What did early mapmakers notice that m…
The shape of the coastlines looked like puzzle pieces
What 3 pieces of evidence did Wegner u…
Rock formations (matching coastlines), fossil evidence, clima…
19 terms
clues to earths past, plate tectonics, earthquakes and volcanoes
H
He
C
Li
Hydrogen
Helium
Carbon
Lithium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
8 terms
Earth Science Quizlet (Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Plate Tectonics)
Shield Volcano
Cinder Cone Volcano
Composite (Stratovolcano)
Caldera
Wide, Dome-shaped volcanoes made of many layers of lava (Ex.…
Small cones made out of small rock fragments (Ex. Capulin/N.M…
Tall cones made out of alternating layers of ash and lava (mo…
Wide crater created when a strato-volcano collapses (Ex. Crat…
Shield Volcano
Wide, Dome-shaped volcanoes made of many layers of lava (Ex.…
Cinder Cone Volcano
Small cones made out of small rock fragments (Ex. Capulin/N.M…
Earths Layers, Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
A _ is a crack in the earth's surface…
The Richter scale is used to measure t…
Identify the type of volcano... Short wit…
Transform boundaries are the usual cau…
Fault
Strength
Shield
Earthquakes
A _ is a crack in the earth's surface…
Fault
The Richter scale is used to measure t…
Strength
8 terms
The Earth's Structure, tectonic plates volcanoes and earthquakes
What is the crust?
What is the mantle?
What is the outer core?
What is the inner core?
The solid outer layer of the Earth on which we walk
The next layer towards the centre of the Earth. This is the t…
The next layer towards the centre of the Earth. This is made…
The centre of the Earth. This is made of solid rock and is at…
What is the crust?
The solid outer layer of the Earth on which we walk
What is the mantle?
The next layer towards the centre of the Earth. This is the t…
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes
crater
earthquake
island arc
convergent boundary
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
a plate boundary where two plates move toward each other
crater
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
surface waves
composite
compression
shear
most destructive seismic wave
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
occurs at convergent boundaries; reverse faults
forces along strike-slip faults
surface waves
most destructive seismic wave
composite
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
33 terms
Earthquakes, Volcanoes & Plate Tectonics
Extinct
Dormant
Active
Shield
Volcano which will never erupt again
Volcano which has not erupted in over 200 years
Volcano that is constantly shaking, rumbling, and erupting
Volcano formed by hot, thin, runny magma; quiet eruptions; wa…
Extinct
Volcano which will never erupt again
Dormant
Volcano which has not erupted in over 200 years
29 terms
Plate tectonics earthquakes and volcanoes
Crust
Basalt
Granite
Mantle
The outer layer of the earth
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rocks consisting…
The part of the earth between the core and the crust. The man…
Crust
The outer layer of the earth
Basalt
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
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