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Study sets matching "the fossil record"

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Study sets matching "the fossil record"

12 terms
Fossil Record
fossil
geologic time scale
trace fossil
index fossil
any naturally preserved evidence of life
scale that divides Earth's 4.6 billion year history into dist…
any naturally preserved evidence of an animal's activity
fossils of organisms that lived during a relatively short, we…
fossil
any naturally preserved evidence of life
geologic time scale
scale that divides Earth's 4.6 billion year history into dist…
12 terms
Fossil Record
Fossil
Geologic Time Scale
Trace Fossil
Index Fossil
anything left over of life
Divides Earth 4.6 billion history into smaller pieces
Fossil that isn't the animal or plant itself, but is somethin…
Fossil of an organism that lived for a short, but clear cut t…
Fossil
anything left over of life
Geologic Time Scale
Divides Earth 4.6 billion history into smaller pieces
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
a fossile formed when minerals replace all or of an organism
a type of fossile formed when a shell or other hard part of a…
a type of fossile that forms a mold becomes filled in with mi…
a technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
Petrified fossil
a fossile formed when minerals replace all or of an organism
Mold
a type of fossile formed when a shell or other hard part of a…
10 terms
The Fossil Record
petrified fossils
mold
cast
relative dating
organic material is converted into a fossil through the repla…
hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism
a copy of the shape of the organism that made the mold
Relative dating is the science of determining the relative or…
petrified fossils
organic material is converted into a fossil through the repla…
mold
hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism
22 terms
The Fossil Record
homologous structures
branching tree
petrified fossil
cast
body structures that are structurally similar in related spec…
a diagram that shows how scientists think different groups of…
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
a type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
homologous structures
body structures that are structurally similar in related spec…
branching tree
a diagram that shows how scientists think different groups of…
10 terms
The Fossil Record
extinct
paleontologist
relative dating
index fossil
term used to refer to a species that has died out and has no…
scientist who studies fossils
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
distinctive fossil that is used to compare the relative ages…
extinct
term used to refer to a species that has died out and has no…
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
12 terms
The Fossil Record
fossils
petrified
relative dating
radioactive dating
most form when organisms become buried in sediments
when minerals replace remains
comparing age with other specimens
determines actual age
fossils
most form when organisms become buried in sediments
petrified
when minerals replace remains
11 terms
The Fossil Record
petrified fossil
mold
cast
relative dating
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of to fossils is older.
petrified fossil
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
8 terms
The Fossil Record
Paleontologist
Fossil Record
Extinct
Relative Dating
Scientists who study fossils.
Groupings of similar organisms that are arranged in the order…
Died out. (Gone)
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
Paleontologist
Scientists who study fossils.
Fossil Record
Groupings of similar organisms that are arranged in the order…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
a hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
a copy of the shape of an organism that made the mold
a technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
Petrified fossil
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
a hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
18 terms
The Fossil Record
Uniformitarianism
catastrophism
relative age
relative dating
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
a principle that states that a geologic change occurs suddenly
the approximate age of fossils or other objects in rock layer…
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
catastrophism
a principle that states that a geologic change occurs suddenly
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled with m…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older.
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
13 terms
The Fossil Record
fossil
sedimentary rock
petrified fossil
mold
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
a type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
fossil
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
sedimentary rock
rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
17 terms
The Fossil Record
paleontologist
relative dating
index fossil
radiometric dating
researchers who study fossils to learn about ancient life.
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
distinctive fossil that is used to compare the relative ages…
method for determining the age of a sample from the amount of…
paleontologist
researchers who study fossils to learn about ancient life.
relative dating
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
10 terms
Fossil Record
Law of Superposition
fossil
fossil record
petrified fossil
when sedimentary rock layers are deposited, the younger layer…
remains or impression of organisms
the millions of fossils that scientists have collected
remains of organisms that are changed into rock
Law of Superposition
when sedimentary rock layers are deposited, the younger layer…
fossil
remains or impression of organisms
22 terms
Fossil Record
permineralization
natural casts
trace fossils
amber-preserved fossils
This occurs when minerals carried by water are deposited arou…
These form when flowing water removes all of the original bon…
These record the activity of an organism
These are organisms that get trapped in tree resin that harde…
permineralization
This occurs when minerals carried by water are deposited arou…
natural casts
These form when flowing water removes all of the original bon…
The Fossil Record
petrified fossils
mold
cast
relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
petrified fossils
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative Dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older.
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
12 terms
the fossil record
dead plants and animals can form fossils
fossils only form when conditions are…
often, a layer of river mud or volcani…
over time, the organisms tissues under…
...
...
...
...
dead plants and animals can form fossils
...
fossils only form when conditions are…
...
14 terms
Fossil Record
petrified fossil
mold
cast
relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which two fossils is older.
petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
12 terms
fossil record
uniformitarianism
catastrophism
relative age
relative dating
principle that geologic process that occurred in the past can…
principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
approximate age of fossils or other objects in rock layers de…
any method of datermining whether an event or object is older…
uniformitarianism
principle that geologic process that occurred in the past can…
catastrophism
principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
10 terms
THE FOSSIL RECORD
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative Dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all parts of an organism
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older.
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all parts of an organism
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
15 terms
The Fossil Record
Fossil
Why do we study fossils?
How do fossils form?
Sedimentary rock
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
They are some of the most important clues to the Earth's past.
Most form when organisms die and become buried in sediments
Rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
Fossil
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
Why do we study fossils?
They are some of the most important clues to the Earth's past.
15 terms
Fossil Record
Uniformitarianism
Unconformity
Catastrophism
Fossil
theory that the same processes that shape the Earth today hav…
a break in the geologic record that's created when rock layer…
theory that sudden, huge, large-scale events have shaped Earth
the remains of physical evidence of an organism that was pres…
Uniformitarianism
theory that the same processes that shape the Earth today hav…
Unconformity
a break in the geologic record that's created when rock layer…
14 terms
The fossil record
What did Charles darwin see as a serio…
evolutionist believe that amphibians e…
coelacanths were once thought to be de…
according to many biology textbooks, w…
A lack of transitional fossils
fishes
coelacanths were found alive
a feathered dinisaur
What did Charles darwin see as a serio…
A lack of transitional fossils
evolutionist believe that amphibians e…
fishes
15 terms
The Fossil Record
Sahelanthropus
Orrorin tugenensis
Ardipithecus ramidus
Australopithecus Afarensis
6-7 Million years old;... Michael Brunet;... Fossil has remarkably…
"Millenium Man";... 6-6.5 Million years old;... Martin Pickford/Bri…
"Ardi";... 4.4 Million years old;... Tim White;... Rift Valley (Ethiop…
"Lucy";... 3.2 Million years old;... (1974) Donald Johanson;... Rift V…
Sahelanthropus
6-7 Million years old;... Michael Brunet;... Fossil has remarkably…
Orrorin tugenensis
"Millenium Man";... 6-6.5 Million years old;... Martin Pickford/Bri…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
petrified fossils
mold
cast
relative dating
fossils that form in this way
a hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
a copy of the shape of the organism that made the mold
to determine which of two fossils is older
petrified fossils
fossils that form in this way
mold
a hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
11 terms
The fossil record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used the determine which of two fossils is older
Petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
10 terms
The Fossil Record
Relative Age
Relative Dating
Geologic Column
Absolute Dating
the approximate age of fossils/other objects in rock layers d…
any method of determining whether an event/object is older/yo…
an ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
any method of measuring the age of an event/object in years
Relative Age
the approximate age of fossils/other objects in rock layers d…
Relative Dating
any method of determining whether an event/object is older/yo…
19 terms
The Fossil Record
paleontologist
fossil reocrd
extinct
relative dating
scientist who studies fossils
information about past life including the structure of organi…
term used to refer to a species that has died out
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
fossil reocrd
information about past life including the structure of organi…
16 terms
The Fossil Record
Fossil Record
Biogeography
Homology
Anatomical homology
timeline that shows how life has evolved on Earth
study of where organisms live
similarities between different species of organisms that may…
similarity between characteristics in different species of or…
Fossil Record
timeline that shows how life has evolved on Earth
Biogeography
study of where organisms live
15 terms
The Fossil Record
paleontology
paleontologist
fossil
sedimentary rock
the study of fossils and ancient life
scientist who studies fossils and ancient life
the traces or remains of an organism preserved by geologic pr…
rocks in which most fossils are found; organisms are buried i…
paleontology
the study of fossils and ancient life
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils and ancient life
11 terms
The fossil record
Cast
Extinct
Fossil record
Gradualism
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
Term used to indicate a species that does not have any living…
The millions of fossils that scientists have collected
The theory that evolution occurs slowly but steadily
Cast
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
Extinct
Term used to indicate a species that does not have any living…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
petrified fossil
mold
cast
relative drawing
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils is older
petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
9 terms
The Fossil Record
eras
extinct
geological time scale
half-life
divided from eons
died off
divides Earth's history into units representing millions of y…
The time it takes for half of a radioactive element to decay
eras
divided from eons
extinct
died off
11 terms
The Fossil Record
How many plants and animals are there…
How can extinct plants and animals rec…
What is the scientific study of fossils?
Define fossil
More than 3 million
By their fossil remains
Palaeontology
all remains and/or traces of organisms that lived in the dist…
How many plants and animals are there…
More than 3 million
How can extinct plants and animals rec…
By their fossil remains
16 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
is minerals that replace the remains, that change them into r…
is a hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or…
is a copy of the shape of the organism that made the mold.
is used by scientists to determine which of two fossils is ol…
Petrified fossil
is minerals that replace the remains, that change them into r…
Mold
is a hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or…
18 terms
The Fossil Record
Relative dating
What does relative dating not do?
Index Fossil
Radioactive Dating
Age of a fossil is determined by comparing its placement with…
Its provides no information about its absolute age or age in…
Scientists use index fossils to compare the relative age of f…
Use of half lives to determine the age of a sample
Relative dating
Age of a fossil is determined by comparing its placement with…
What does relative dating not do?
Its provides no information about its absolute age or age in…
12 terms
Fossil and fossil record
Fossil
Fossil record
Index fossils
Absolute dating
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
Chronological collection of life's remains in sedimentary roc…
distinctive fossil used to compare the relative ages of fossils
A technique used to determine the actual age of a fossil
Fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
Fossil record
Chronological collection of life's remains in sedimentary roc…
13 terms
FOSSIL RECORD
Types of bias in fossil record
Law of Superposition
Geologic time scale
Phanerozoic period events
...
Undistributed sedimentary rock has older layers on the bottom…
- Paleozoic... - Mesozoic... - Cenozole... - Hadean... - Archean... -Protero…
Phanerozoic means "visible life": ... 3 events: ... - Cambrian exp…
Types of bias in fossil record
...
Law of Superposition
Undistributed sedimentary rock has older layers on the bottom…
11 terms
The fossil record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
Some remains that become buried in sediments are actually cha…
A hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
A copy of the shape of the organism that made the mold
To determine which of two fossils is older
Petrified fossil
Some remains that become buried in sediments are actually cha…
Mold
A hollow space in sediment in the shape of an organism or par…
24 terms
The Fossil Record
Relative Dating
Half- life
Gradualism
Radioactive Dating
a way to determine which of two fossils is older.
the time it takes for half of a radioactive sample to decay.
The theory that evolution occurs slowly but steadily.
A way to determine the actual age of fossils.
Relative Dating
a way to determine which of two fossils is older.
Half- life
the time it takes for half of a radioactive sample to decay.
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
A technique used to determine which of two fossils are older
Petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified fossil
Mold
Cast
Radioactive element
A fossil formed when minerals replace part or all of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
A type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
An unstable element that breaks down into a different element
Petrified fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace part or all of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
13 terms
The Fossil Record
fossil
petrified fossil
mold
cast
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
a type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
a type of fossil that forms when a mold becomes filled in wit…
fossil
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
petrified fossil
a fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
Petrified Fossil
Mold
Cast
Relative dating
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
Copy of the shape of the organism that made the mold
Scientists use this to determine which of the two fossils is…
Petrified Fossil
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
Mold
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part of an…
11 terms
The Fossil Record
petrified fossils
mold
cast
relative dating
formed when minerals replace all or part of an organism
a hollow space in the sediment in the shape of an organism or…
is a copy of the shape of the organism that is in the mold,
used to determine which fossil is older
petrified fossils
formed when minerals replace all or part of an organism
mold
a hollow space in the sediment in the shape of an organism or…
13 terms
Fossil Record
Precambrian >3,500 millions of years
Precambrian >1,000
Cambrian
Ordovician
First prokaryotes
Earliest eukaryotes
Origin of all extant and some extinct animal phyla, including…
Continued evolution of ocean life
Precambrian >3,500 millions of years
First prokaryotes
Precambrian >1,000
Earliest eukaryotes
The fossil record
Paleocene
Eocene
Oligocene
Miocene
65-55 mya. The earliest primates were here. extinction of din…
56 to 33 mya ... Primates of modern aspect, look more like prima…
34-24 mya; Cooler and drier than Eocene, warmer than today. R…
23 mya - 5.3 mya: Continued radiation of mammals and angiospe…
Paleocene
65-55 mya. The earliest primates were here. extinction of din…
Eocene
56 to 33 mya ... Primates of modern aspect, look more like prima…
13 terms
The Fossil Record
Fossil
Sedimentary rock
Petrified fossil
Mold
Preserved remains or traces of an orgamism that lived in the…
Rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organ…
A type of fossil formed when a shell or other hard part disso…
Fossil
Preserved remains or traces of an orgamism that lived in the…
Sedimentary rock
Rock formed when layers of sediments harden over millions of…
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