Study sets matching "the muscular system part d"

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Study sets matching "the muscular system part d"

19 terms
The Muscular System Part D
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
Flexion and Extension
Other Movements of thigh at the hip
Movements of the Knee Joint
▪Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex…
▪The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, ab…
▪Abduction and rotation are effected by the gluteus medius an…
▪The sole extensor of the knee is the quadriceps femoris... ▪The…
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
▪Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex…
Flexion and Extension
▪The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, ab…
6 terms
The Muscular System: Part D
What moves the thigh
What is the longest muscles
What is the tensor fascia latae?
What are the hamstring muscles?
Iliopsoas (iliacus and psoas major) - prime mover of flexion…
...
...
Biceps femoris... Semitendinosus... Semimembranosus ... Gluteus maximu…
What moves the thigh
Iliopsoas (iliacus and psoas major) - prime mover of flexion…
What is the longest muscles
...
14 terms
Muscular System: PART C & D
3 ways to generate ATP
muscle fatigue
flexion
extension
1. direct phosphorylation of ADP by creatine phosphate... 2. aer…
oxygen deficit
bring two bones closer
straightening arms or legs
3 ways to generate ATP
1. direct phosphorylation of ADP by creatine phosphate... 2. aer…
muscle fatigue
oxygen deficit
Muscular system Appendix D
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Anterior Tibialis
Origin:... Proximal two thirds of posterior surface of the tibi…
Origin:... Posterior surface of the fibular head and proximal on…
Origin: Posterior aspect of lateral and medial femoral condyl…
Origin: ... Lateral condyle and proximal two thirds of the later…
Posterior Tibialis
Origin:... Proximal two thirds of posterior surface of the tibi…
Soleus
Origin:... Posterior surface of the fibular head and proximal on…
Muscular System - APPENDIX D
Anterior Tibialis
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversión
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversión
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
Anterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversión
Posterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversión
14 terms
The Muscular System D
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
Movements of the Thigh at the Hip: Fl…
Movements of the Thigh at the Hip: Ot…
Movements of the Knee Joint
Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex t…
The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, abd…
Abduction and rotation are effected by the gluteus medius and…
The sole extensor of the knee is the quadriceps femoris... The h…
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex t…
Movements of the Thigh at the Hip: Fl…
The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, abd…
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
15 terms
D. (LAB) Muscular System
What are the two functions of Skeletal…
Sarcolemma
T tubules
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum (SR)
1. Skeletal movement... 2. Temperature regulation
Plasma membrane of the long, cylindrical muscle fiber, or mus…
Aka transverse tubules.... 1. Several points where the sarcolemm…
Inside the cell. Works similar to the ER.... 1. Receives impulse…
What are the two functions of Skeletal…
1. Skeletal movement... 2. Temperature regulation
Sarcolemma
Plasma membrane of the long, cylindrical muscle fiber, or mus…
11 terms
A&P 1 Ch. 10 The Muscular System part D:
muscles crossing hip and knee joints
movements of the thigh
hamstring muscles (prime movers of ext…
adductors (also medially rotate thigh)
*most anterior muscles flex the femur at the hip and extend t…
*thigh flexors pass in front of the hip joint... -iliopsas (ilia…
-biceps femoris... -semitendinosus... -semimembranosus
-adductor magnus... -adductor longus... -adductor brevis... -pectineus…
muscles crossing hip and knee joints
*most anterior muscles flex the femur at the hip and extend t…
movements of the thigh
*thigh flexors pass in front of the hip joint... -iliopsas (ilia…
13 terms
D.1.3 The Muscular System
What system of your body also has smoo…
What organ of your body is made of car…
What organ are skeletal muscles attach…
What do your call muscle action that y…
digestive system
heart
bones
voluntary
What system of your body also has smoo…
digestive system
What organ of your body is made of car…
heart
D2. Muscular system
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle tissue
attached to skeletal bone or to skin; makes up 40% of the bod…
Occurs only in the walls of the heart myocardium striated, br…
occupies walls of hollow organs spindle shaped cells that lac…
pumps blood through vascular system
Skeletal muscle
attached to skeletal bone or to skin; makes up 40% of the bod…
Cardiac muscle
Occurs only in the walls of the heart myocardium striated, br…
MUSCULAR SYSTEM (APPENDIX D)
Anterior Tibialis
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion.... Eccent…
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion and inversion of t…
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
Anterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion.... Eccent…
Posterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion and inversion of t…
39 terms
Skeletal & Muscular System D&D
Closed fracture
Simple fracture
Open fracture
Greenstick fracture
break without open wound
bone broken but not out of place
break in open wound
partial bone break
Closed fracture
break without open wound
Simple fracture
bone broken but not out of place
16 terms
Appendix D: The Muscular System
Anterior Tibialis
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
-Isolated Function: ... Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion…
-Isolated Function:... Concentrically accelerates plantar flexi…
-Isolated Function: ... concentrically accelerates plantarflexio…
-Isolated Function:... concentrically accelerates plantarflexion…
Anterior Tibialis
-Isolated Function: ... Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion…
Posterior Tibialis
-Isolated Function:... Concentrically accelerates plantar flexi…
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion
• concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversion
• concentrically accelerates planterflexion
• concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
anterior tibialis
• concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion
posterior tibialis
• concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversion
Unit 3: The Muscular System D
Prime movers... (skeletal muscle function…
Antagonists... (skeletal muscle functiona…
Synergists ... (skeletal muscle functiona…
Fixators... (skeletal muscle functional g…
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement, th…
Oppose or reverse a particular movement
Add force to movement, reduce undesirable or unnecessary move…
Synergists that immobilize a bone or muscles origin
Prime movers... (skeletal muscle function…
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement, th…
Antagonists... (skeletal muscle functiona…
Oppose or reverse a particular movement
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
34 terms
Parts of the Muscular System
temporalis
masseter
sternomastoid
trapezius
- side of head ... - a fan-shaped muscle that runs from the side…
- runs through the rear part of the cheek from the temporal b…
- each of a pair of long muscles that connect the sternum, cl…
- a pair of large triangular muscles extending over the back…
temporalis
- side of head ... - a fan-shaped muscle that runs from the side…
masseter
- runs through the rear part of the cheek from the temporal b…
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
14 terms
Muscular System - part 2
involuntary muscles
examples of involuntary muscles
cardiac muscle
# of times your heart beats per minute
muscles whose movements cannot be controlled by you
muscles that move food, liquids , and blood through your body
heart - large, hollow muscles , about the size of your fist
around 90 times
involuntary muscles
muscles whose movements cannot be controlled by you
examples of involuntary muscles
muscles that move food, liquids , and blood through your body
Muscular System Part 1
Skeletal Muscles
Smooth Muscles
Cardiac Muscles
Flexor
Are muscles that attach to the skeleton and are the most abun…
Are muscles inside many Internal Organs of the Body. They are…
Are muscles found only in the Heart
A muscle that bends a joint
Skeletal Muscles
Are muscles that attach to the skeleton and are the most abun…
Smooth Muscles
Are muscles inside many Internal Organs of the Body. They are…
36 terms
Muscular System Part 2
Isotonic Contraction
Isometric Contraction
Muscle attachment and Functions
Origin
iso-same tonic- tone... -muscles become shorter and thicker= mov…
iso-same metric- measurement/length... -muscles Don't shorten/mo…
-attached to bones by Tendons (nonelastic cords)... -bones conne…
more fixed attachment of muscle ... -proximal to axial skeleton
Isotonic Contraction
iso-same tonic- tone... -muscles become shorter and thicker= mov…
Isometric Contraction
iso-same metric- measurement/length... -muscles Don't shorten/mo…
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
44 terms
Muscular System Part 3
two points muscles are attached to
contraction
prime mover
antagonist
origin: Attachment to the immoveable bone (or less... movable) b…
causes the insertion to move toward... the origin... **Muscles can…
muscle with the major responsibility... for a certain movement
muscle that opposes or reverses a prime mover;... Relaxed/stretc…
two points muscles are attached to
origin: Attachment to the immoveable bone (or less... movable) b…
contraction
causes the insertion to move toward... the origin... **Muscles can…
51 terms
Muscular System (Part I)
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
Muscle tissue subject to conscious con…
muscle tissue that cannot be conscious…
muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
involuntary muscle
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
muscle fibers
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
striated muscle
19 terms
the muscular system part 2
fascia
fibromyalgia
flexion
gait
the structure that covers entire skeletal muscles and separat…
a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeleta…
a bending movement of the two elements of a jointed body part
the way a person walks
fascia
the structure that covers entire skeletal muscles and separat…
fibromyalgia
a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeleta…
7 terms
Muscular System: Parts and Functions
smooth muscle/involuntary muscle
hinge joint
tendons
skeletal/voluntary muscles
You can't control this type of muscle. Your brain and body te…
A joint that can only go in two directions. Ex: your elbows a…
Special connectors that hold skeletal muscles to bones.
You can control what these muscles do. They help you kick a s…
smooth muscle/involuntary muscle
You can't control this type of muscle. Your brain and body te…
hinge joint
A joint that can only go in two directions. Ex: your elbows a…
14 terms
Muscular system part 1
Antagonism
Acetylcholine
neuromuscular junction
motor units
when one muscle contracts, the other relaxes
A chemical released at neuromuscular junctions that binds to…
The point where a motor neuron attaches to a muscle cell.
Consist of a motor neuron with a group of muscle fibers; form…
Antagonism
when one muscle contracts, the other relaxes
Acetylcholine
A chemical released at neuromuscular junctions that binds to…
21 terms
Muscular System II part
7 ways muscle names are assigned
Facial muscles
Frontalis
Levator palpebrae superioris
shape, location, attachment, size, orientation of fibers, rel…
Frontalis... Levator palpebrae superioris... Orbicularis oculi... Orbi…
Surprised muscle... it covers frontal bone, in contact with ey…
Inserts: on upper eyelid... O: lesser wing, sphenoid bone ... Actio…
7 ways muscle names are assigned
shape, location, attachment, size, orientation of fibers, rel…
Facial muscles
Frontalis... Levator palpebrae superioris... Orbicularis oculi... Orbi…
The Muscular System Part 2
What are the different ways in which m…
What causes different shapes in muscles?
Circular
Convergent arrangement of fascicle.
Direction of fibers, relative size of muscle, location of mus…
The different arrangements of fascicles.
Arranged in concentric string
Fascicles converge toward a single insertion tendon.
What are the different ways in which m…
Direction of fibers, relative size of muscle, location of mus…
What causes different shapes in muscles?
The different arrangements of fascicles.
15 terms
The Muscular System(word parts)
bi-
-cele
dys-
fasci/o
twice, double, two
hernia, tumor, swelling
bad, difficult, or painful
fascia, fibrous band
bi-
twice, double, two
-cele
hernia, tumor, swelling
Muscular System Word Parts
bi-
-cele
dys
fasci/o
two
hernia
painful
fascia
bi-
two
-cele
hernia
10 terms
part three - the muscular system
involuntary muscles
voluntary muscles
types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle
muscles that are not under your conscious control... responsible…
muscles that are under your conscious control... you make the mu…
skeletal, smooth and cardiac
attached to the bones of your skeleton and provide the force…
involuntary muscles
muscles that are not under your conscious control... responsible…
voluntary muscles
muscles that are under your conscious control... you make the mu…
180 terms
Muscular System Part I
a band
a band
a band
adductor brevis m.
a band
a band
The muscular system: Part One
epimysium
tendon
Bone periosteum
membrane
the external connective-tissue sheath of a muscle
a tough cord or band of dense white fibrous connective tissue…
the membrane of connective tissue that closely invests all bo…
a thin soft pliable sheet or layer especially of animal or pl…
epimysium
the external connective-tissue sheath of a muscle
tendon
a tough cord or band of dense white fibrous connective tissue…
Muscular System (Part I)
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
Muscle tissue subject to conscious con…
muscle tissue that cannot be conscious…
muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
involuntary muscle
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
muscle fibers
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
striated muscle
42 terms
The Skeletal and Muscular System Parts
Mandible
Rib cage
Vertebrae
Pelvis (Hips)
the jaw or jawbone
the bone frame formed by the ribs around the chest
each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, havin…
the large bony structure near the base of the spine to which…
Mandible
the jaw or jawbone
Rib cage
the bone frame formed by the ribs around the chest
Appendix D - MUSCULAR SYSTEM (Test)
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Gluteus Maximus
Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL)
Points foot away from shin (Concentrically accelerates planta…
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion (points foot away…
Concentrically accelerates hip extension and external rotatio…
Concentrically accelerates hip flexion, abduction and interna…
Soleus
Points foot away from shin (Concentrically accelerates planta…
Gastrocnemius
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion (points foot away…
25 terms
Muscular System Part 2
Flexion
Extension
Rotation
Abduction
"Flex" bring 2 bones closer together; bicep curl
opposite of flexion; 2 bones farther apart; relax bicep
movement around longitudinal axis; shake head "no" (only left…
moving limbs away from midline; sit and move knees outward
Flexion
"Flex" bring 2 bones closer together; bicep curl
Extension
opposite of flexion; 2 bones farther apart; relax bicep
Muscular System Part 2
Gastrocnemius
Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Graded responses
the chief muscle of the calf of the leg, which flexes the kne…
located in the buttocks and is regarded as one of the stronge…
A muscle with origin in the ilium, with insertion to the surf…
A response that varies directly with the strength of the stim…
Gastrocnemius
the chief muscle of the calf of the leg, which flexes the kne…
Gluteus maximus
located in the buttocks and is regarded as one of the stronge…
20 terms
Muscular System Part 3
Trapezius
Latissimus dorsi
Deltoid
Biceps brachii
-most superficial muscles of the posterior neck and trunk ... -…
Large, flat muscle that covers the lower back ... -extends and a…
Triangular shaped muscles that form the rounded part of the s…
Very familiar to most people... - bulges when elbow is flexed... -…
Trapezius
-most superficial muscles of the posterior neck and trunk ... -…
Latissimus dorsi
Large, flat muscle that covers the lower back ... -extends and a…
NASM: Appendix D (Muscular System)
Latissimus Dorsi (back)
Latissimus Dorsi: over/under active
Soleus (thinner part of the calves)
Soleus: over/under active
Concentrically accelerates shoulder extension, adduction, and…
Overactive when the low back arches and the arms fall forward…
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion aka Points foot awa…
Overactive when the feet turn out, and there is excessive for…
Latissimus Dorsi (back)
Concentrically accelerates shoulder extension, adduction, and…
Latissimus Dorsi: over/under active
Overactive when the low back arches and the arms fall forward…
Muscular System Part one
Abduction
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Actin
Action potential
To move away from the midline of the body
A chemical transmitter substance released by certain nerve en…
A contractile protein of muscle
An electrical event occurring when a stimulus of sufficient i…
Abduction
To move away from the midline of the body
Acetylcholine (ACh)
A chemical transmitter substance released by certain nerve en…
39 terms
Muscular System- Part 1
major purpose of Muscular System
3 kinds of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle tissue
cardiac muscle tissue
converting chemical energy in ATP into the mechanical energy…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
-attached to bones & skin... -striated & voluntary
-only in the heart... -striated & involuntary
major purpose of Muscular System
converting chemical energy in ATP into the mechanical energy…
3 kinds of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
77 terms
Muscular system part 2
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Orbicularis oris
Orbicularis oculi
Raises eyebrows
Draws scalp backwards
Closes, purses lips
Closes, blinks, squints eye
Frontalis
Raises eyebrows
Occipitalis
Draws scalp backwards
14 terms
Muscular System - part 2
involuntary muscles
examples of involuntary muscles
cardiac muscle
# of times your heart beats per minute
muscles whose movements cannot be controlled by you
muscles that move food, liquids , and blood through your body
heart - large, hollow muscles , about the size of your fist
around 90 times
involuntary muscles
muscles whose movements cannot be controlled by you
examples of involuntary muscles
muscles that move food, liquids , and blood through your body
24 terms
Muscular System Part 1
Tendon
Fascia
Epimysium
Perimysium
Tendon
Fascia
45 terms
Muscular System (part 1)
muscle functions
functional characteristics of muscles
similarities between the 3 muscle types
skeletal muscle
- movement... - maintains posture... - supports joints... - generates…
- excitability... - contractibility... - extensibility... - elasticity
- both skeletal and smooth muscles are elongated ("muscle fib…
- striated... - attached to and cover bones... - voluntary control…
muscle functions
- movement... - maintains posture... - supports joints... - generates…
functional characteristics of muscles
- excitability... - contractibility... - extensibility... - elasticity
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