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Study sets matching "the muscular system part d"

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Study sets matching "the muscular system part d"

6 terms
The Muscular System: Part D
What moves the thigh
What is the longest muscles
What is the tensor fascia latae?
What are the hamstring muscles?
Iliopsoas (iliacus and psoas major) - prime mover of flexion…
...
...
Biceps femoris... Semitendinosus... Semimembranosus ... Gluteus maximu…
What moves the thigh
Iliopsoas (iliacus and psoas major) - prime mover of flexion…
What is the longest muscles
...
19 terms
The Muscular System Part D
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
Flexion and Extension
Other Movements of thigh at the hip
Movements of the Knee Joint
▪Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex…
▪The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, ab…
▪Abduction and rotation are effected by the gluteus medius an…
▪The sole extensor of the knee is the quadriceps femoris... ▪The…
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
▪Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex…
Flexion and Extension
▪The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, ab…
14 terms
Muscular System: PART C & D
3 ways to generate ATP
muscle fatigue
flexion
extension
1. direct phosphorylation of ADP by creatine phosphate... 2. aer…
oxygen deficit
bring two bones closer
straightening arms or legs
3 ways to generate ATP
1. direct phosphorylation of ADP by creatine phosphate... 2. aer…
muscle fatigue
oxygen deficit
5 terms
Muscular system Appendix D
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Anterior Tibialis
Origin:... Proximal two thirds of posterior surface of the tibi…
Origin:... Posterior surface of the fibular head and proximal on…
Origin: Posterior aspect of lateral and medial femoral condyl…
Origin: ... Lateral condyle and proximal two thirds of the later…
Posterior Tibialis
Origin:... Proximal two thirds of posterior surface of the tibi…
Soleus
Origin:... Posterior surface of the fibular head and proximal on…
54 terms
Muscular System - APPENDIX D
Anterior Tibialis
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversión
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversión
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
Anterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversión
Posterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversión
15 terms
D. (LAB) Muscular System
What are the two functions of Skeletal…
Sarcolemma
T tubules
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum (SR)
1. Skeletal movement... 2. Temperature regulation
Plasma membrane of the long, cylindrical muscle fiber, or mus…
Aka transverse tubules.... 1. Several points where the sarcolemm…
Inside the cell. Works similar to the ER.... 1. Receives impulse…
What are the two functions of Skeletal…
1. Skeletal movement... 2. Temperature regulation
Sarcolemma
Plasma membrane of the long, cylindrical muscle fiber, or mus…
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
14 terms
The Muscular System D
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
Movements of the Thigh at the Hip: Fl…
Movements of the Thigh at the Hip: Ot…
Movements of the Knee Joint
Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex t…
The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, abd…
Abduction and rotation are effected by the gluteus medius and…
The sole extensor of the knee is the quadriceps femoris... The h…
Muscles Crossing Hip and Knee Joints
Most anterior compartment muscles of the hip and thigh flex t…
Movements of the Thigh at the Hip: Fl…
The ball-and-socket hip joint permits flexion, extension, abd…
11 terms
A&P 1 Ch. 10 The Muscular System part D:
muscles crossing hip and knee joints
movements of the thigh
hamstring muscles (prime movers of ext…
adductors (also medially rotate thigh)
*most anterior muscles flex the femur at the hip and extend t…
*thigh flexors pass in front of the hip joint... -iliopsas (ilia…
-biceps femoris... -semitendinosus... -semimembranosus
-adductor magnus... -adductor longus... -adductor brevis... -pectineus…
muscles crossing hip and knee joints
*most anterior muscles flex the femur at the hip and extend t…
movements of the thigh
*thigh flexors pass in front of the hip joint... -iliopsas (ilia…
13 terms
D.1.3 The Muscular System
What system of your body also has smoo…
What organ of your body is made of car…
What organ are skeletal muscles attach…
What do your call muscle action that y…
digestive system
heart
bones
voluntary
What system of your body also has smoo…
digestive system
What organ of your body is made of car…
heart
9 terms
MUSCULAR SYSTEM (APPENDIX D)
Anterior Tibialis
Posterior Tibialis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion.... Eccent…
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion and inversion of t…
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion
Concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
Anterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion.... Eccent…
Posterior Tibialis
Concentrically accelerates plantar flexion and inversion of t…
39 terms
Skeletal & Muscular System D&D
Closed fracture
Simple fracture
Open fracture
Greenstick fracture
break without open wound
bone broken but not out of place
break in open wound
partial bone break
Closed fracture
break without open wound
Simple fracture
bone broken but not out of place
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion
• concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversion
• concentrically accelerates planterflexion
• concentrically accelerates plantarflexion
anterior tibialis
• concentrically accelerates dorsiflexion and inversion
posterior tibialis
• concentrically accelerates plantarflexion and inversion
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
34 terms
Parts of the Muscular System
temporalis
masseter
sternomastoid
trapezius
- side of head ... - a fan-shaped muscle that runs from the side…
- runs through the rear part of the cheek from the temporal b…
- each of a pair of long muscles that connect the sternum, cl…
- a pair of large triangular muscles extending over the back…
temporalis
- side of head ... - a fan-shaped muscle that runs from the side…
masseter
- runs through the rear part of the cheek from the temporal b…
180 terms
Muscular System Part I
a band
a band
a band
adductor brevis m.
a band
a band
14 terms
Muscular System - part 2
involuntary muscles
examples of involuntary muscles
cardiac muscle
# of times your heart beats per minute
muscles whose movements cannot be controlled by you
muscles that move food, liquids , and blood through your body
heart - large, hollow muscles , about the size of your fist
around 90 times
involuntary muscles
muscles whose movements cannot be controlled by you
examples of involuntary muscles
muscles that move food, liquids , and blood through your body
61 terms
NASM Muscular System (Appendix D)
anterior tibialis
posterior tibialis
soleus
gastrocnemius
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
anterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
posterior tibialis
• location/group: lower legs - calves/feet/ankles... • concentri…
36 terms
Muscular System Part 2
Isotonic Contraction
Isometric Contraction
Muscle attachment and Functions
Origin
iso-same tonic- tone... -muscles become shorter and thicker= mov…
iso-same metric- measurement/length... -muscles Don't shorten/mo…
-attached to bones by Tendons (nonelastic cords)... -bones conne…
more fixed attachment of muscle ... -proximal to axial skeleton
Isotonic Contraction
iso-same tonic- tone... -muscles become shorter and thicker= mov…
Isometric Contraction
iso-same metric- measurement/length... -muscles Don't shorten/mo…
7 terms
Muscular System: Parts and Functions
smooth muscle/involuntary muscle
hinge joint
tendons
skeletal/voluntary muscles
You can't control this type of muscle. Your brain and body te…
A joint that can only go in two directions. Ex: your elbows a…
Special connectors that hold skeletal muscles to bones.
You can control what these muscles do. They help you kick a s…
smooth muscle/involuntary muscle
You can't control this type of muscle. Your brain and body te…
hinge joint
A joint that can only go in two directions. Ex: your elbows a…
44 terms
Muscular System Part 3
two points muscles are attached to
contraction
prime mover
antagonist
origin: Attachment to the immoveable bone (or less... movable) b…
causes the insertion to move toward... the origin... **Muscles can…
muscle with the major responsibility... for a certain movement
muscle that opposes or reverses a prime mover;... Relaxed/stretc…
two points muscles are attached to
origin: Attachment to the immoveable bone (or less... movable) b…
contraction
causes the insertion to move toward... the origin... **Muscles can…
51 terms
Muscular System (Part I)
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
Muscle tissue subject to conscious con…
muscle tissue that cannot be conscious…
muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
involuntary muscle
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
muscle fibers
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
striated muscle
17 terms
Unit 3: The Muscular System D
Prime movers... (skeletal muscle function…
Antagonists... (skeletal muscle functiona…
Synergists ... (skeletal muscle functiona…
Fixators... (skeletal muscle functional g…
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement, th…
Oppose or reverse a particular movement
Add force to movement, reduce undesirable or unnecessary move…
Synergists that immobilize a bone or muscles origin
Prime movers... (skeletal muscle function…
Provide the major force for producing a specific movement, th…
Antagonists... (skeletal muscle functiona…
Oppose or reverse a particular movement
21 terms
Muscular System II part
7 ways muscle names are assigned
Facial muscles
Frontalis
Levator palpebrae superioris
shape, location, attachment, size, orientation of fibers, rel…
Frontalis... Levator palpebrae superioris... Orbicularis oculi... Orbi…
Surprised muscle... it covers frontal bone, in contact with ey…
Inserts: on upper eyelid... O: lesser wing, sphenoid bone ... Actio…
7 ways muscle names are assigned
shape, location, attachment, size, orientation of fibers, rel…
Facial muscles
Frontalis... Levator palpebrae superioris... Orbicularis oculi... Orbi…
15 terms
Muscular System Word Parts
bi-
-cele
dys
fasci/o
two
hernia
painful
fascia
bi-
two
-cele
hernia
24 terms
The Muscular System Part II
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
gluteus minimus
psoas major
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
14 terms
Muscular system part 1
Antagonism
Acetylcholine
neuromuscular junction
motor units
when one muscle contracts, the other relaxes
A chemical released at neuromuscular junctions that binds to…
The point where a motor neuron attaches to a muscle cell.
Consist of a motor neuron with a group of muscle fibers; form…
Antagonism
when one muscle contracts, the other relaxes
Acetylcholine
A chemical released at neuromuscular junctions that binds to…
10 terms
part three - the muscular system
involuntary muscles
voluntary muscles
types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle
muscles that are not under your conscious control... responsible…
muscles that are under your conscious control... you make the mu…
skeletal, smooth and cardiac
attached to the bones of your skeleton and provide the force…
involuntary muscles
muscles that are not under your conscious control... responsible…
voluntary muscles
muscles that are under your conscious control... you make the mu…
33 terms
The Muscular System Part I
rectus abdominus
transverse abdominus
internal oblique
external oblique
rectus abdominus
transverse abdominus
42 terms
The Skeletal and Muscular System Parts
Mandible
Rib cage
Vertebrae
Pelvis (Hips)
the jaw or jawbone
the bone frame formed by the ribs around the chest
each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, havin…
the large bony structure near the base of the spine to which…
Mandible
the jaw or jawbone
Rib cage
the bone frame formed by the ribs around the chest
51 terms
Muscular System (Part I)
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
Muscle tissue subject to conscious con…
muscle tissue that cannot be conscious…
muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
involuntary muscle
Another name for skeletal and smooth m…
muscle fibers
Muscle tissue in which its fibers have…
striated muscle
21 terms
the muscular system part 3
myalgia
origin
paraplegia
physiatrist
a feeling of widespread tenderness or pain of the muscles
an attachment site of a skeletal muscle that does not move wh…
paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
a physician who specializes in the rehabilitation of a person…
myalgia
a feeling of widespread tenderness or pain of the muscles
origin
an attachment site of a skeletal muscle that does not move wh…
39 terms
Muscular System- Part 1
major purpose of Muscular System
3 kinds of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle tissue
cardiac muscle tissue
converting chemical energy in ATP into the mechanical energy…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
-attached to bones & skin... -striated & voluntary
-only in the heart... -striated & involuntary
major purpose of Muscular System
converting chemical energy in ATP into the mechanical energy…
3 kinds of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Muscular System Part one
Abduction
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Actin
Action potential
To move away from the midline of the body
A chemical transmitter substance released by certain nerve en…
A contractile protein of muscle
An electrical event occurring when a stimulus of sufficient i…
Abduction
To move away from the midline of the body
Acetylcholine (ACh)
A chemical transmitter substance released by certain nerve en…
77 terms
Muscular system part 2
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Orbicularis oris
Orbicularis oculi
Raises eyebrows
Draws scalp backwards
Closes, purses lips
Closes, blinks, squints eye
Frontalis
Raises eyebrows
Occipitalis
Draws scalp backwards
36 terms
Muscular System Part 1
Closes the eye
Raises lateral corners of mouth (smili…
Draws corner of lip laterally
Opens lips
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus
Risorius
Levator labii superioris
Closes the eye
Orbicularis Oculi
Raises lateral corners of mouth (smili…
Zygomaticus
24 terms
Muscular System Part 1
Tendon
Fascia
Epimysium
Perimysium
Tendon
Fascia
65 terms
Muscular System - Part I
Buccinator
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis oris
Platysma
Buccinator
Orbicularis Oculi
Muscular system Part 1
Masseter
Temporalis
Digastric
Mylohyoid
Masseter
Temporalis
Muscular system - part III
tensor fascia latae
gluteus maximum
gluteus medius
biceps femoris
tensor fascia latae
gluteus maximum
Muscular System Part 3
Rectus abdominis
Rectus femoris
Resistance (isometric) exercise
Rotation
also known as the "abdominals" or "abs", is a paired muscle r…
is one of the four quadriceps muscles of the human body.
are a type of strength training in which the joint angle and…
to turn about an axis
Rectus abdominis
also known as the "abdominals" or "abs", is a paired muscle r…
Rectus femoris
is one of the four quadriceps muscles of the human body.
25 terms
Muscular System Part Two
Motor Unit
Types of Skeletal Fibers
Fast (White) Fibers
Intermediate Fibers
- group of muscle fibers innervated by a single nerve fiber... -…
- Fast (White) fibers... - Intermediate fibers... - Slow (Red) fibers
- Pale color due to low amount of myoglobin... - Large diameter;…
- Contain little myoglobin and thus are pale like fast fibers…
Motor Unit
- group of muscle fibers innervated by a single nerve fiber... -…
Types of Skeletal Fibers
- Fast (White) fibers... - Intermediate fibers... - Slow (Red) fibers
21 terms
Muscular System Part 2
Extensor carpi
Flexor carpi
Extensor digitorum
Psoas Major
Extend wrist and abducts hand
flexes and abducts wrist
extend fingures
flexes thigh
Extensor carpi
Extend wrist and abducts hand
Flexor carpi
flexes and abducts wrist
47 terms
Muscular System Part 1
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Temporalis
Orbicularis oculi
Frontalis
Occipitalis
45 terms
Muscular System Part 1
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
sarcoplasm
makes up wall of heart; striated; voluntary
makes up the walls of blood vessels, stomach, and intestines;…
attached to bones; striated bands under microscope; voluntary
cytoplasm, multi-nucleated, many mitochondria
cardiac muscle
makes up wall of heart; striated; voluntary
smooth muscle
makes up the walls of blood vessels, stomach, and intestines;…
25 terms
muscular system part one
functions
skeletal muscle tissue
cardiac muscle tissue
smooth muscle tissue
produce movement - muscle contracts and pulls on bone... maintai…
striated and multinucleated... voluntary... cause movement
striated, branched, mononucleated... involuntary... pump blood, mak…
spindle shaped and mononucleated... involuntary... move substances…
functions
produce movement - muscle contracts and pulls on bone... maintai…
skeletal muscle tissue
striated and multinucleated... voluntary... cause movement
34 terms
Muscular System Part 1
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Nucleus
Striations
Muscle Fiber
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Nucleus
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