Study sets matching "the synapse"

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Study sets matching "the synapse"

24 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
7 terms
Synapse
Vesicles
Synaptic cleft
Calcium ions
Chemically gated channels
A
E
Vesicles
Synaptic cleft
13 terms
Synapse
Presynaptic membrane
Axon
Axon knob ( terminal)
Telodendria
Is an part of an axon ( Telodendria) inside are the synaptic…
conducts electrical impulses away from the neurons cell body.
is a distal termination, that conducts electrical impulses aw…
a terminal branch of the axon that can contact with other neu…
Presynaptic membrane
Is an part of an axon ( Telodendria) inside are the synaptic…
Axon
conducts electrical impulses away from the neurons cell body.
12 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap terminal of a neuron and the dendrite of another…
chemicals that carry message from neuron to neuron across a s…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the cell. When the a…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap terminal of a neuron and the dendrite of another…
24 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Synapse
Presynaptic membrane model
endoplasmic reticulum
mitochondria
vesicles
...
Presynaptic membrane model
endoplasmic reticulum
13 terms
The synapse
Dendrites : These receive inputs from…
The pre and post synaptic membranes ar…
Based on their appearance under the mi…
Axodendritic ... Axosomatic... axoaconic
Describe the overall structure of a neurone
Describe the overall structure of a chemical synapse
State the types of chemical synapse found in the central nerv…
Describe the synapse classifications based on the location of…
Dendrites : These receive inputs from…
Describe the overall structure of a neurone
The pre and post synaptic membranes ar…
Describe the overall structure of a chemical synapse
The Synapse
Overall structure of a neurone
Dendrites
Soma
Axon hillock and initial segment
DENDRITES... SOMA... AXON HILOCK and initial segment... AXON... SYNAPSE
receive inputs from other neurones and convey graded electric…
synthetic and metabolic centre. Contains the nucleus, ribosom…
site of initiation of the 'all or none' action potential
Overall structure of a neurone
DENDRITES... SOMA... AXON HILOCK and initial segment... AXON... SYNAPSE
Dendrites
receive inputs from other neurones and convey graded electric…
The Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Ionotropic receptors
Metabotropic receptors
two neurons linked together with gap junctions - they act lik…
channel linked receptors, ligand gated channels. The receptor…
G protein - coupled receptors, receptor and ion channel are 2…
Electrical Synapse
two neurons linked together with gap junctions - they act lik…
Chemical Synapse
42 terms
The Synapse
Neuron doctrine
Reticular theory
Gap junctions
chemical synapses
nervous system is composed of discrete cells, each with its o…
neurons are connected in a way such that it is one giant, con…
Allow direct ion flow. Small connections maintaining cytosol…
Electrical signals arrive at the nerve terminal, carried from…
Neuron doctrine
nervous system is composed of discrete cells, each with its o…
Reticular theory
neurons are connected in a way such that it is one giant, con…
18 terms
the synapse
a synapse is?
what does the synaptic cleft do?
synaptic signal
how to complete synaptic signal?
a junction between 2 neurons
separates 2 neurons and the impulse has to get across it to p…
neurotransmitter is released at axon terminal, this signals t…
a synapse is?
a junction between 2 neurons
what does the synaptic cleft do?
separates 2 neurons and the impulse has to get across it to p…
The synapse
3 factors that determine electrical ac…
Explain one reason why ions move acros…
To move down concentration gradient if…
Explain a third reason why ions move a…
why, when, how well ions move across cell membrane
To neutralise the cell
Explain a second reason why ions move across the cell
Due to an action potential
3 factors that determine electrical ac…
why, when, how well ions move across cell membrane
Explain one reason why ions move acros…
To neutralise the cell
35 terms
The Synapse
what are the 5 morphological regions t…
what do several viruses exploit?
what are the 4 following key structure…
base on their appearance under the ele…
1.dendrites - receive inputs from other neurones and convey g…
the retrograde direction
1. pre and post synaptic membranes separates by a narrow syna…
1. grays type 1 - asymmetrical synapses in which the membrane…
what are the 5 morphological regions t…
1.dendrites - receive inputs from other neurones and convey g…
what do several viruses exploit?
the retrograde direction
23 terms
Synapse
synapse
EPSP
IPSP
reuptake
a region where nerve impulses are transmitted and received, e…
a graded depolarization that results from a flow of sodium io…
a temporary hyperpolarization that selectively opens the gate…
a reabsorption of a neurotransmitter by the presynaptic termi…
synapse
a region where nerve impulses are transmitted and received, e…
EPSP
a graded depolarization that results from a flow of sodium io…
6 terms
Synapse
An impulse arrives at the synapse
The cell releases transmitter into the…
The transmitter diffuses across the gap
It attaches to receptor proteins on th…
1
2
3
4
An impulse arrives at the synapse
1
The cell releases transmitter into the…
2
Synapse
Interneurale Synapse
motorische Endplatte
Erregende Synapse
Hemmende Synapse
Synapse im Rückenmark bzw. Gehirn
Synapse zwischen Motoneuron und Muskelfaser
Die postsynaptische Membran wird durch den Transmitter depola…
(inhibitorisch)Transmitter abhängig bzw. Rezeptor → Kalium un…
Interneurale Synapse
Synapse im Rückenmark bzw. Gehirn
motorische Endplatte
Synapse zwischen Motoneuron und Muskelfaser
synapse
axon
vesicles
neurotransmitter
receptors
axon
vesicles
Synapse
Synaptic Cleft
Synaptic Vesicle
Axon Terminal
Synaptic Knob
Synaptic Cleft
Synaptic Vesicle
6 terms
synapse
synapse
presynaptic membrane
postsynaptic membrane
synaptic cleft
consists of presynaptic membrane, postsynaptic membrane, syna…
membrane of the terminal bouton
membrane of the next neuron, gland, muscle
the space between the presynaptic membrane & postsynaptic mem…
synapse
consists of presynaptic membrane, postsynaptic membrane, syna…
presynaptic membrane
membrane of the terminal bouton
synapse
synaptic vesicle
nerve impulse
presynaptic neuron
surface of postsynaptic neuron
synaptic vesicle
nerve impulse
Synapse
vesicle
axon
calcium channel
calcium
pink
goes through pink
vesicle
axon
Synapse
The NMDA receptor is a _____ channel?…
Receptors designated alpha or beta are…
The special senses commonly utilize ne…
Where is 5-HT (Seratonin) abundant in…
Gutamatergic
Adrenergic
Bipolar
GI tract and CNS
The NMDA receptor is a _____ channel?…
Gutamatergic
Receptors designated alpha or beta are…
Adrenergic
24 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
12 terms
synapse
- Electrical (axon) to chemical (synap…
- axon... - ending in axon terminals... - br…
presynaptic neuron
- store and release neurotransmitters
Functions at synapse
presynaptic neuron
synaptic vesicles
- Electrical (axon) to chemical (synap…
Functions at synapse
- axon... - ending in axon terminals... - br…
presynaptic neuron
Synapse
synapse
axon terminal
vessicles
open vessicles
site where transmission of a nerve impulse from one nerve cel…
end of axon
sac like structures filled with chemicals
where the message comes out, and chemicals are released
synapse
site where transmission of a nerve impulse from one nerve cel…
axon terminal
end of axon
23 terms
Synapse
Who found synapses?
Electrical synapses
Chemical synapses
Gap Junctions
Charles Sherrington
faster;quicker
slower;complexer
intracellular connection; eletrical
Who found synapses?
Charles Sherrington
Electrical synapses
faster;quicker
9 terms
Synapse
Synapse
3 structures of snapyse
Neurotransmitters
2 kinds of neurotransmitters
Place where impulses transmit from one neuron to another.
Synaptic nobe ... Synaptic cleft ... Plasma membrane
Brain chemicals that communicate through brain & body
Inhibitory & excitatory
Synapse
Place where impulses transmit from one neuron to another.
3 structures of snapyse
Synaptic nobe ... Synaptic cleft ... Plasma membrane
65 terms
Synapse
Dendrites
Nucleus
Cell body
Myelin sheath
Receive info
Provide energy for the neuron
Life support center
Covers the axon and 'insulates' it to speed up neural impulses
Dendrites
Receive info
Nucleus
Provide energy for the neuron
13 terms
Synapse
Basic activity that happens at a synapse
3 different synapses
Presynaptic structures
Post synaptic structures
- Electrical signal reaches terminal end of axon ... - triggers…
axodendritic ... axosomatic ... axoaxonic
Synaptic vesicles with NT... Presynaptic membrane
Postsynaptic membrane ... Ligan gated receptor
Basic activity that happens at a synapse
- Electrical signal reaches terminal end of axon ... - triggers…
3 different synapses
axodendritic ... axosomatic ... axoaxonic
41 terms
Synapse
Junction between two neurons where ele…
First neuron spits chemical and is obl…
Much tighter, physical contact between…
NMJ
Definition of Synpase
Characteristics which make chemical synapse advantageous by f…
Characteristics of electrical synapse
Synapse occuring at neuro-musuclar junction
Junction between two neurons where ele…
Definition of Synpase
First neuron spits chemical and is obl…
Characteristics which make chemical synapse advantageous by f…
5 terms
Synapse
Mitochondrion
Synaptic cleft
Synaptic vesicles
Axon terminal
The gap between the pre and post synaptic cells
Store packets of neurotransmitter chemicals
Mitochondrion
Synaptic cleft
The gap between the pre and post synaptic cells
6 terms
synapse
1
2
3
4
axon
mitochondrion
axon terminal end bulb
synaptic vesicle
1
axon
2
mitochondrion
8 terms
Synapse
Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Step 1
Step 2
the junction that transmits nerve impulses from 1 neuron to a…
the release and up-take of chemical neurotransmitters between…
action potential arrives at the axon terminal
Ca ion channels open to allow Ca ions to enter the axon termi…
Synapse
the junction that transmits nerve impulses from 1 neuron to a…
Chemical Synapse
the release and up-take of chemical neurotransmitters between…
The synapse
synapse
neurotransmitter
acetylcholine
cholinesterase
junction between two neurons, neurons don't touch
substance released by a neuron to connect the neurons
human neurotransmitter
enzyme that decomposes acetylcholine... -stops messages from con…
synapse
junction between two neurons, neurons don't touch
neurotransmitter
substance released by a neuron to connect the neurons
14 terms
The Synapse
Synaptic transmission
Processes involved in the synapse: Rel…
Processes involved in the synapse: Dif…
Processes involved in the synapse: Bin…
Chemical neurotransmitters cross the synapse, from the presyn…
Action potential causes neurotransmitter release from the pre…
Neurotransmitters diffuse across the synapse... Transmission of…
Neurotransmitters bind to receptors within the postsynaptic m…
Synaptic transmission
Chemical neurotransmitters cross the synapse, from the presyn…
Processes involved in the synapse: Rel…
Action potential causes neurotransmitter release from the pre…
The Synapse
Synapse
Parts of synapse
Terminal Bouton
Synaptic Vesicles
A junction between neurons, between a neuron and a muscle, an…
1) terminal bouton/ presynaptic membrane ... 2) synaptic cleft…
Where are neurotransmitters made?
Surround/ protect neurotransmitters from enzymes inside and o…
Synapse
A junction between neurons, between a neuron and a muscle, an…
Parts of synapse
1) terminal bouton/ presynaptic membrane ... 2) synaptic cleft…
The Synapse
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
at the presynaptic cell
at the postsynaptic cell
gap junctions allow direct electrical signalling between cell…
mainly in PNS, info carried to cell via neurotransmitter (rec…
vesicles containing neurotransmitters fuse with presynaptic m…
neurotransmitters can cause 2 types of responses: direct and…
electrical synapse
gap junctions allow direct electrical signalling between cell…
chemical synapse
mainly in PNS, info carried to cell via neurotransmitter (rec…
15 terms
The synapse
dendrite spine
Presynaptic membrane
postsynaptic receptor
binding site
a small bud in the surface of a dendrite, with which a termin…
The membrane of a terminal button that lies adjacent to the p…
a receptor molecule in the postsynaptic membrane of a synapse…
the location on a receptor protein to which a ligand binds
dendrite spine
a small bud in the surface of a dendrite, with which a termin…
Presynaptic membrane
The membrane of a terminal button that lies adjacent to the p…
40 terms
The Synapse
gap junction
contact-dependent signals
autocrine signals
paracrine signals
form direct cytoplasmic connections between adjacent cells; u…
require interaction between membrane molecules on two cells
act on same cell that secreted them
secreted by one cell and diffuse to adjacent cells
gap junction
form direct cytoplasmic connections between adjacent cells; u…
contact-dependent signals
require interaction between membrane molecules on two cells
26 terms
Synapse
What are the 4 types of synapses?
Is excitatory post-synaptic potential…
Can you have receptors on pre-synaptic…
What is Gray's Type I synapse?
1. Axodendritic... 2. Axosomatic... 3. Axoaxonic... 4. Dendrodendentri…
Yes
yes, but really not typical
Postsynaptic membrane is thicker than presynaptic.
What are the 4 types of synapses?
1. Axodendritic... 2. Axosomatic... 3. Axoaxonic... 4. Dendrodendentri…
Is excitatory post-synaptic potential…
Yes
Synapse
bidirectional, rapid, no delay... cardiac…
unidirectional, excitory, synaptic del…
1. botulinum toxin... 2. tetnus
the type of receptor on the post synap…
Describe an electrical synapse
Describe a chemical synapse
Describe 2 types of clostridium bacteria
What is receptor specificity ?
bidirectional, rapid, no delay... cardiac…
Describe an electrical synapse
unidirectional, excitory, synaptic del…
Describe a chemical synapse
9 terms
The Synapse
The junction between any two communica…
The gap between neurons at a synapse.…
The neuron transmitting the impulse in…
The neuron that receives input at the…
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Presynaptic neuron
Postsynaptic neuron
The junction between any two communica…
Synapse
The gap between neurons at a synapse.…
Synaptic cleft
6 terms
The synapse
synaptic cleft
synaptic
neurotransmitters
( Target cell ) receptors
division between neuron and cell
sacs holding neurotransmitters release them into the synaptic…
chemicals released across synapse; passing information to the…
accepts neurons messages; located on dendrites of receiving n…
synaptic cleft
division between neuron and cell
synaptic
sacs holding neurotransmitters release them into the synaptic…
18 terms
The Synapse
the synapse
types of synapses
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
the point in which 2 neurons communicate... the average neuron..…
chemical= NTs... electrical= charge in one neuron changes charge…
closer, can send signal in both directions (anti and ortho),…
farther apart, synaptic delay, chemical NT... (synaptic delay co…
the synapse
the point in which 2 neurons communicate... the average neuron..…
types of synapses
chemical= NTs... electrical= charge in one neuron changes charge…
17 terms
the Synapse
synapse
action potential
synaptic cleft/gap
receptor sites
a junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
a brief change in a neuron's electrical charge
the space between neurons at a nerve synapse across which a n…
proteins that are on the surface of each cell. They act as li…
synapse
a junction where information is transmitted from one neuron t…
action potential
a brief change in a neuron's electrical charge
18 terms
The Synapse
synaptic vesicles
neurotransmitter
synapse/synaptic gap
receptor sites
saclike structures found inside synaptic knob containing chem…
chemical found in synaptic vesicles that, when released, has…
microscopic fluid-filled space between axon terminal of one c…
three-dimensional proteins on surface of dendrites or certain…
synaptic vesicles
saclike structures found inside synaptic knob containing chem…
neurotransmitter
chemical found in synaptic vesicles that, when released, has…
12 terms
The Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Chemical synapse
Directed vs. Non-directed synapse
Neuromodulation
-"gap junctions"... -fuses presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane…
-neurotransmitters released, but a bit slower... -excite or inhi…
-Directed releases towards single postsynaptic neuron... -Non-di…
-Axo-axonic synapses between an axon terminal and another axo…
Electrical Synapse
-"gap junctions"... -fuses presynaptic and postsynaptic membrane…
Chemical synapse
-neurotransmitters released, but a bit slower... -excite or inhi…
The Synapse
Electrical Synapse
Chemical Synapse
Iontropic Receptors
Metabotropic Receptors
rarely used in mammals ... connect two neurons allowing ions to…
standard synapse... 1) action potential reaches the axon termina…
open ligand-gated ion channels... bind the neurotransmitter and…
open g-protein-gated ion channels ... neurotransmitter binds to…
Electrical Synapse
rarely used in mammals ... connect two neurons allowing ions to…
Chemical Synapse
standard synapse... 1) action potential reaches the axon termina…
13 terms
The Synapse
Dendrites
Axons
Synapse
separating
bring information to the cell body
Take information away from the cell body
Information from one neuron flows to another neuron across a…
The synapse contains a small gap ______ neurons
Dendrites
bring information to the cell body
Axons
Take information away from the cell body
16 terms
The Synapse
energy
leads to degenerative diseases
excititory
way too many neurotransmitters
what is ATP?
what happens with a loss of mitochondrian?
if it's a __________ neurotransmitter action potential happens
what is dystonia?
energy
what is ATP?
leads to degenerative diseases
what happens with a loss of mitochondrian?
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