Study sets matching "the word chapter 2 sections"

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Study sets matching "the word chapter 2 sections"

8 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2
John Smith
Joint-stock companies
Jamestown
Powhatan
At age 20 he trekked across Europe. Later he would help estab…
a group of investors pool their money to support an effort.
A settlement in Virginia named after the king.
Native American people who lived near Jamestown. First, helpe…
John Smith
At age 20 he trekked across Europe. Later he would help estab…
Joint-stock companies
a group of investors pool their money to support an effort.
6 terms
Chapter 2, section 2
Prophet
Empire
Tribute
Proverb
Definition : A prophet is a person who the ancient Israelites…
Definition : A empire is a nation that rules several other na…
Definition : Tribute is money or slaves give to a stronger ru…
Definition : Known for someone's wise saying.... Sentence : Many…
Prophet
Definition : A prophet is a person who the ancient Israelites…
Empire
Definition : A empire is a nation that rules several other na…
Chapter 2 Sections 1 and 2 Bold Words
scientific method
system
hypothesis
model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
changing organized group of related parts that interact to fo…
an explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
a pattern, plan, representation, or description designed to s…
scientific method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
system
changing organized group of related parts that interact to fo…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Sections 2 & 3
transformation
law of conservation of energy
generator
turbine
a change in composition or structure
the law that energy is never created or destroyed
a device that transforms kinetic energy into electrical energy
part of the generator ; narrow spaced fan blades
transformation
a change in composition or structure
law of conservation of energy
the law that energy is never created or destroyed
8 terms
Chapter 2 Section 1
Hernando Cortes
Conquistador
New Spain
Mestizo
Led an army into the American mainland to claim new lands for…
Spaniards who traveled to the Americas as an explorer and con…
Spanish colony founded by Hernando Cortes.
Mixed Spanish and Native American population.
Hernando Cortes
Led an army into the American mainland to claim new lands for…
Conquistador
Spaniards who traveled to the Americas as an explorer and con…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Section 3
Puritans
John Winthrop
Separatist
Plymouth Colony
church members who wanted to "purify" or reform the Church of…
the first governor of New England.
Pilgrims that fled from England to escape persecution for bre…
the second permanent English colony in America.
Puritans
church members who wanted to "purify" or reform the Church of…
John Winthrop
the first governor of New England.
Chemistry words for chapter 2 sections 1 &2
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
a measure of the amount of matter that an object contains; th…
a measure of the space occupied by a sample of matter
a property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
a property that focuses on the type of matter in a sample, no…
mass
a measure of the amount of matter that an object contains; th…
volume
a measure of the space occupied by a sample of matter
10 terms
Chapter 2: (Section 2)
Loyalists
Patriots
Saratoga
Valley Forge
a colonist who supported the British government during the Am…
a colonist who supported American independence from Britain.
American troops finally surrounded Burgoyne at this place, wh…
the winter camp where George Washington and his Continental A…
Loyalists
a colonist who supported the British government during the Am…
Patriots
a colonist who supported American independence from Britain.
18 terms
Word History: Chapter 2-Sections 3 and 4
Delta
Menes
Pharoah
Vizier
- a triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt a…
- King of Upper Egypt who united the two regions of Upper and…
- Egyptian Kings... - Pharaohs held absolute power, and they als…
- chief minister... - The Vizier supervised the government.... - Th…
Delta
- a triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt a…
Menes
- King of Upper Egypt who united the two regions of Upper and…
10 terms
Chapter 2 (Section 4)
Judiciary Act of 1789
Alexander Hamilton
cabinet
Democratic-Republican
a law that established the federal court system and the Supre…
served as secretary of the treasury under George Washington a…
the group of department heads who serve as the president's ch…
a supporter of strong state governments.
Judiciary Act of 1789
a law that established the federal court system and the Supre…
Alexander Hamilton
served as secretary of the treasury under George Washington a…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Sections 3-4 vocabulary
Squanto
heretic
separtists
Massachusetts Bay Company
Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachus…
a person who opposes accepted and established beliefs
Puritans that broke away from the Anglican church
The name given to the company that set-up the colony of Massa…
Squanto
Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachus…
heretic
a person who opposes accepted and established beliefs
10 terms
Chapter 2 (Section 1)
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Samuel Adams
Boston Masacre
a trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to re…
a 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct t…
one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty, who called for an…
a clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1770…
Sugar Act
a trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to re…
Stamp Act
a 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct t…
10 terms
Chapter 2 (Section 3)
republic
Articles of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
a government in which the citizens rule through elected repre…
a document, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and f…
a law that established a procedure for the admission of new s…
an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers in 1787.
republic
a government in which the citizens rule through elected repre…
Articles of Confederation
a document, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and f…
37 terms
Chapter 2 section 1-3
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest unit of matter
one particular type of atom, it can not be broken down by ord…
substance made of atoms of different elements bonded
an atom that has gained or lost one electron
atom
smallest unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom, it can not be broken down by ord…
Chapter 2, Sections 1-4: The Fertile Crescent
scribe
Fertile Crescent
city-state
polytheism
a professional writer
a region in Southwest Asia ; site of the first civilizations
a city that is also a separate, independent state
the belief in many gods
scribe
a professional writer
Fertile Crescent
a region in Southwest Asia ; site of the first civilizations
5 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2
the water cycle
97%
water vapor
groundwater
the circulation of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphe…
the percentage of Earth's water that is saltwater
the gas form of water
water that is found below the Earth's surface
the water cycle
the circulation of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphe…
97%
the percentage of Earth's water that is saltwater
14 terms
Chapter 2, Section 1
Islam
Silk Road
thechnology
astrolable
the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as…
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally establi…
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purpose…
an instrument formerly used to make astronomical measurements…
Islam
the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as…
Silk Road
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally establi…
Chapter 2 (Sections 2.1 and 2.2)
Percentile
Cumulative Relative Frequency Graph
Standardized Value (Z-score)
Effect of Adding or Subtracting a Cons…
the value with p percent of the observations less than it.
A cumulative relative frequency graph of a quantitative varia…
If x is an observation from a distribution that has a known m…
...
Percentile
the value with p percent of the observations less than it.
Cumulative Relative Frequency Graph
A cumulative relative frequency graph of a quantitative varia…
23 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry Sections 1 and 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Chapter 2 Section 1
prehistory
hominid
ancestor
tool
time before there was writing
an early ancestor of humans
a relative that lived in the past
any handheld object that has been modified to help a person a…
prehistory
time before there was writing
hominid
an early ancestor of humans
Economics Chapter 2 Section 1
Economic System
Traditional Economy
Command Economy
Market Economy
An organized way of providing for the wants and needs of thei…
The use of scarce resources- and nearly all other economic ac…
A central authority makes the major decisions about WHAT, HOW…
People make decisions in their own best interest.
Economic System
An organized way of providing for the wants and needs of thei…
Traditional Economy
The use of scarce resources- and nearly all other economic ac…
33 terms
Human Geography: Chapter 2, Section 3
culture
symbol
civilization
culture region
how people of a certain region live, behave, and think
an object that stands for something else
a society that has a highly developed government, culture, an…
an area that is unified by common cultural traits
culture
how people of a certain region live, behave, and think
symbol
an object that stands for something else
Economics Chapter 2 Section 3
Free Enterprise
Voluntary Exchange
Private Property Rights
Profit
Resources are privately owned, and competition is allowed to…
The act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging i…
Allow people to own and control their possessions as they wis…
The extent to which persons or organizations are better off f…
Free Enterprise
Resources are privately owned, and competition is allowed to…
Voluntary Exchange
The act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging i…
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 2: sections 1 and 2
abiotic factor
autotroph
biological community
biomass
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
all the interacting populations in the same geographic locati…
total mass of living matter at each trophic level.
abiotic factor
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
autotroph
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
10 terms
Chapter 2, Section 2
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
food chain
an organism that eats only plants
an organism that eats other animals (meat)
an organism that eats both plants and animals
the pathway of energy transfer through various stages as a re…
herbivore
an organism that eats only plants
carnivore
an organism that eats other animals (meat)
Chapter 2 Sections 1,2, and 3
ice ages
migrate
land bridge
Mesolithic Era
long periods of freezing weather
move to a new place
a strip of land connecting two continents
the middle part of the Stone Age, from about 10,000 years ago…
ice ages
long periods of freezing weather
migrate
move to a new place
9 terms
Chapter 2, Sections 1 and 2
charter
constitution
debtor
subsistence farming
a document that gives the holder the right to organize settle…
a formal plan of government
person or country that owes money
farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is pro…
charter
a document that gives the holder the right to organize settle…
constitution
a formal plan of government
6 terms
Chapter 2 section 2
Eukaryotes
Species
Prokaryotes
Taxonomy
Organisms that have a nucleus
A group of similar organisms that can mate and reproduce
Organisms that lack a nucleus
The process of classifying / naming organisms
Eukaryotes
Organisms that have a nucleus
Species
A group of similar organisms that can mate and reproduce
11 terms
Chapter 2 : Section 2
Erathquake
Focus
Epicenter
P Wave
...
Erathquake
...
Focus
16 terms
Chapter 2- All sections
Neolithic Era
domestication
agriculture
megalith
the New Stone Age; when people learned to make fire and tools…
the process of changing plants and animals to make them more…
farming
a huge stone monument
Neolithic Era
the New Stone Age; when people learned to make fire and tools…
domestication
the process of changing plants and animals to make them more…
23 terms
Chapter 2: Sections 1-4
cataract
Isis
savannas
Memphis
steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
Egyptian goddess of fertility, represented a loyal wife and m…
A region of grassland
An ancient city of Egypt on the Nile (south of Cairo), and th…
cataract
steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
Isis
Egyptian goddess of fertility, represented a loyal wife and m…
13 terms
Science Vocabulary Words Chapter 2 Sections 1 and 2
continental drift
magnetic field
asthenosphere
seismic waves
hypothesis developed in the early 20th century that states th…
the region around a magnet that is susceptible to the magneti…
the upper layer of the earth's mantle
wave of energy that radiates out from an earthquake's focus
continental drift
hypothesis developed in the early 20th century that states th…
magnetic field
the region around a magnet that is susceptible to the magneti…
chapter 2 Fertile Crescent, sections 1-5
code
Hammurabi
cuneiform
alphabet
an organized list of laws and rules
the king of Babylon from about 1792-1750 BC; creator of the B…
groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of…
A set of symbols that represent the sounds of a language
code
an organized list of laws and rules
Hammurabi
the king of Babylon from about 1792-1750 BC; creator of the B…
S.S. Chapter 2 Section 1
Scribe
Fertile Crescent
City-State
Polytheism
A professional writer
A region in Southwest Asia; site of the fist civilization
A city that is also a separate, independent state
The belief in many gods
Scribe
A professional writer
Fertile Crescent
A region in Southwest Asia; site of the fist civilization
10 terms
Chapter 2, Section 1 - "The First People"
ancestor
flint
hominid
Homo erectus
a relative who lived long ago
easy to shape mineral used to make very sharp tools
an early ancestor of humans
Upright Man
ancestor
a relative who lived long ago
flint
easy to shape mineral used to make very sharp tools
14 terms
Government- Chapter 2 (Sections 1, 2, & 3)
limited government
representative government
Magna Carta
Petition of Right
basic principal of American government which states that gove…
system of government in which public policies are made by off…
Also known as the Great Charter, which established that the p…
Signed by King Charles I of England in 1628 and challenged th…
limited government
basic principal of American government which states that gove…
representative government
system of government in which public policies are made by off…
chapter 2 (4 sections)
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, wich contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle, located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, wich contains the protons and neutrons
8 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2
melting
melting point
freezing
vaporization
The change in state from a solid to a liquid.
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
The change in state from a liquid to a solid.
The change in state from a liquid to a gas.
melting
The change in state from a solid to a liquid.
melting point
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
11 terms
Chapter 2: Section 2
autotroph
biomass
biome
carnivore
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
total mass of living matter at each trophic level.
large group of ecosystems that share the same climate and hav…
heterotroph that preys on other heterotrophs.
autotroph
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
biomass
total mass of living matter at each trophic level.
15 terms
Chapter 2 Matching Section
Common Sense
Declaration of Independence
Northwest Ordinance
Second Continental Congress
A political pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the…
A document which listed complains to the King, as it outline…
A plan that established the settling of western territories a…
Meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how t…
Common Sense
A political pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the…
Declaration of Independence
A document which listed complains to the King, as it outline…
5 terms
Social Studies Chapter 2 Section 1
scribe
Fertile Crescent
city-state
polytheism
a professional writer
a region in Southwest Asia; site of the first civilizations
a city that is also a separate independent state
the belief in many gods
scribe
a professional writer
Fertile Crescent
a region in Southwest Asia; site of the first civilizations
5 terms
Social Studies Chapter 2 Section 2 Vocabulary
empire
Babylon
caravan
bazaar
many territories and peoples controlled by one government
the capital of Babylonia, a city of great wealth and luxury
a group of traders traveling together
a market selling different kinds of good
empire
many territories and peoples controlled by one government
Babylon
the capital of Babylonia, a city of great wealth and luxury
68 terms
chapter 2 and its sections
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
The balance of payments is a summary of
balance of payments can be broken into…
current account
is an investment in a business by an investor from another co…
transactions between domestic and foreign residents for a spe…
1. current ... 2. capital
summary of the flow of funds between one country and all othe…
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
is an investment in a business by an investor from another co…
The balance of payments is a summary of
transactions between domestic and foreign residents for a spe…
9 terms
Chapter 2 Section 3
microscope
cell theory
resolution
magnification
an instrument that makes small objects appear larger
All living things are composed of cells.... Cells are the basic…
The ability to clearly distinguish the individual parts of an…
the ability to make objects look larger than they are
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects appear larger
cell theory
All living things are composed of cells.... Cells are the basic…
7 terms
Chapter 2 Section 3 The Land Keyterms
landforms
continents
plate tectonics
lava
shapes on the planet's surface
large landmasses
a theory that the Earth's surface is divided into a dozen or…
magma that reaches the Earth's surface
landforms
shapes on the planet's surface
continents
large landmasses
CHAPTER 2 SECTION 1- THE NEW REPUBLIC
Washington's cabinet
President's cabinet
Bill of Rights
Alexander Hamilton
Edmund Randolph, secretary of treasury: Alexander Hamilton, s…
Advises the president on the matters relevant to their execut…
Amendments 1-10 of the constitution.
First Secretary of the Treasury.
Washington's cabinet
Edmund Randolph, secretary of treasury: Alexander Hamilton, s…
President's cabinet
Advises the president on the matters relevant to their execut…
31 terms
CHAPTER 2 SECTION 1- THE NEW REPUBLIC
Washington's cabinet
President's cabinet
Judiciary Act of 1789
Bill of Rights
A small group of advisors who helped make decisions for Washi…
Advises the president on the matters relevant to their execut…
established federal district courts that followed local proce…
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
Washington's cabinet
A small group of advisors who helped make decisions for Washi…
President's cabinet
Advises the president on the matters relevant to their execut…
15 terms
Chapter 2 sections 1, 2 and 3 vocabulary words
prehistory
hominid
ancestor
tool
(p. 28) the time before there was writing.
(p. 28)an early ancestor of humans.
(p. 28) a relative who lived in the past.
(p. 30) any handheld object that has been modified to help a…
prehistory
(p. 28) the time before there was writing.
hominid
(p. 28)an early ancestor of humans.
7 terms
Chapter 2, section 1
Ecology
Biotic
abiotic
population
the study of the interactions of living organisms with one an…
describes the living factors in the environment
describes the nonliving things in the environment including w…
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
Ecology
the study of the interactions of living organisms with one an…
Biotic
describes the living factors in the environment
14 terms
Chapter 2 sections 3 and 4: Cell Division
cell cycle
interphase
replication
mitosis
the regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo
the stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
the process by which cells make a copy of the DNA in its nucl…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus d…
cell cycle
the regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo
interphase
the stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
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