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Study sets matching "the word chapter 2 sections"

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Study sets matching "the word chapter 2 sections"

8 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2
John Smith
Joint-stock companies
Jamestown
Powhatan
At age 20 he trekked across Europe. Later he would help estab…
a group of investors pool their money to support an effort.
A settlement in Virginia named after the king.
Native American people who lived near Jamestown. First, helpe…
John Smith
At age 20 he trekked across Europe. Later he would help estab…
Joint-stock companies
a group of investors pool their money to support an effort.
8 terms
Chapter 2 Section 1
Hernando Cortes
Conquistador
New Spain
Mestizo
Led an army into the American mainland to claim new lands for…
Spaniards who traveled to the Americas as an explorer and con…
Spanish colony founded by Hernando Cortes.
Mixed Spanish and Native American population.
Hernando Cortes
Led an army into the American mainland to claim new lands for…
Conquistador
Spaniards who traveled to the Americas as an explorer and con…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Section 3
Puritans
John Winthrop
Separatist
Plymouth Colony
church members who wanted to "purify" or reform the Church of…
the first governor of New England.
Pilgrims that fled from England to escape persecution for bre…
the second permanent English colony in America.
Puritans
church members who wanted to "purify" or reform the Church of…
John Winthrop
the first governor of New England.
10 terms
Chapter 2 Sections 2 & 3
transformation
law of conservation of energy
generator
turbine
a change in composition or structure
the law that energy is never created or destroyed
a device that transforms kinetic energy into electrical energy
part of the generator ; narrow spaced fan blades
transformation
a change in composition or structure
law of conservation of energy
the law that energy is never created or destroyed
10 terms
Chapter 2: (Section 2)
Loyalists
Patriots
Saratoga
Valley Forge
a colonist who supported the British government during the Am…
a colonist who supported American independence from Britain.
American troops finally surrounded Burgoyne at this place, wh…
the winter camp where George Washington and his Continental A…
Loyalists
a colonist who supported the British government during the Am…
Patriots
a colonist who supported American independence from Britain.
Chapter 2 Sections 1 and 2 Bold Words
scientific method
system
hypothesis
model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
changing organized group of related parts that interact to fo…
an explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
a pattern, plan, representation, or description designed to s…
scientific method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
system
changing organized group of related parts that interact to fo…
18 terms
Chemistry words for chapter 2 sections 1 &2
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
a measure of the amount of matter that an object contains; th…
a measure of the space occupied by a sample of matter
a property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample
a property that focuses on the type of matter in a sample, no…
mass
a measure of the amount of matter that an object contains; th…
volume
a measure of the space occupied by a sample of matter
14 terms
Chapter 2 Science Words
consumer
pollinator
producer
seed dispersal
an animal that gets energy by eating plants, or by eating oth…
an animal that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen
an organism that makes it own food
the scattering or carrying away of seeds from the plant that…
consumer
an animal that gets energy by eating plants, or by eating oth…
pollinator
an animal that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen
7 terms
Chapter 2, Section 1: Sumer
Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia
Sumer
The Epic of Gilgamesh
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretc…
(land between the rivers) The region between the Tigris and E…
A group of ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia; the e…
An epic poem from Mesopotamia, is among the earliest survivin…
Fertile Crescent
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretc…
Mesopotamia
(land between the rivers) The region between the Tigris and E…
10 terms
Chapter 2 (Section 4)
Judiciary Act of 1789
Alexander Hamilton
cabinet
Democratic-Republican
a law that established the federal court system and the Supre…
served as secretary of the treasury under George Washington a…
the group of department heads who serve as the president's ch…
a supporter of strong state governments.
Judiciary Act of 1789
a law that established the federal court system and the Supre…
Alexander Hamilton
served as secretary of the treasury under George Washington a…
18 terms
Chapter 2, Section 1 - The Earth
solstice
equinox
tectonic plates
continental drift
The exact moment when summer and winter start.
The beginning of spring and autumn
sections of the Earth's crust
movement of the continents due to shifting of tectonic plates…
solstice
The exact moment when summer and winter start.
equinox
The beginning of spring and autumn
10 terms
Chapter 2 (Section 1)
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Samuel Adams
Boston Masacre
a trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to re…
a 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct t…
one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty, who called for an…
a clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1770…
Sugar Act
a trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to re…
Stamp Act
a 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct t…
10 terms
Chapter 2 (Section 3)
republic
Articles of Confederation
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shay's Rebellion
a government in which the citizens rule through elected repre…
a document, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and f…
a law that established a procedure for the admission of new s…
an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers in 1787.
republic
a government in which the citizens rule through elected repre…
Articles of Confederation
a document, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and f…
16 terms
Chapter 2, Sections 1-4: The Fertile Crescent
scribe
Fertile Crescent
city-state
polytheism
a professional writer
a region in Southwest Asia ; site of the first civilizations
a city that is also a separate, independent state
the belief in many gods
scribe
a professional writer
Fertile Crescent
a region in Southwest Asia ; site of the first civilizations
18 terms
Word History: Chapter 2-Sections 3 and 4
Delta
Menes
Pharoah
Vizier
- a triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt a…
- King of Upper Egypt who united the two regions of Upper and…
- Egyptian Kings... - Pharaohs held absolute power, and they als…
- chief minister... - The Vizier supervised the government.... - Th…
Delta
- a triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt a…
Menes
- King of Upper Egypt who united the two regions of Upper and…
23 terms
CHAPTER 2 SECTION 2- THE GROWTH OF A NATION
Era of Good Feelings
James Monroe
Second National Bank
John C. Calhoun
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong n…
The fifth President of the United States (1817-1825).His admi…
Established by Congress in 1816. The nation's federally autho…
In 1828, he lead the fight against protective tariffs which h…
Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong n…
James Monroe
The fifth President of the United States (1817-1825).His admi…
15 terms
Chapter 2 (Sections 2.1 and 2.2)
Percentile
Cumulative Relative Frequency Graph
Standardized Value (Z-score)
Effect of Adding or Subtracting a Cons…
the value with p percent of the observations less than it.
A cumulative relative frequency graph of a quantitative varia…
If x is an observation from a distribution that has a known m…
...
Percentile
the value with p percent of the observations less than it.
Cumulative Relative Frequency Graph
A cumulative relative frequency graph of a quantitative varia…
5 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2
the water cycle
97%
water vapor
groundwater
the circulation of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphe…
the percentage of Earth's water that is saltwater
the gas form of water
water that is found below the Earth's surface
the water cycle
the circulation of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphe…
97%
the percentage of Earth's water that is saltwater
16 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2
Prince Henry
Bartholomeu
Vasco da gama
Christopher Columbus
Sent others to explore for him, made very first explorer scho…
Portuguese explorer who in 1488 was the first European to get…
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government…
Prince Henry
Sent others to explore for him, made very first explorer scho…
Bartholomeu
Portuguese explorer who in 1488 was the first European to get…
9 terms
Economics Chapter 2 Section 1
Economic System
Traditional Economy
Command Economy
Market Economy
An organized way of providing for the wants and needs of thei…
The use of scarce resources- and nearly all other economic ac…
A central authority makes the major decisions about WHAT, HOW…
People make decisions in their own best interest.
Economic System
An organized way of providing for the wants and needs of thei…
Traditional Economy
The use of scarce resources- and nearly all other economic ac…
8 terms
Economics Chapter 2 Section 3
Free Enterprise
Voluntary Exchange
Private Property Rights
Profit
Resources are privately owned, and competition is allowed to…
The act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging i…
Allow people to own and control their possessions as they wis…
The extent to which persons or organizations are better off f…
Free Enterprise
Resources are privately owned, and competition is allowed to…
Voluntary Exchange
The act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging i…
33 terms
Human Geography: Chapter 2, Section 3
culture
symbol
civilization
culture region
how people of a certain region live, behave, and think
an object that stands for something else
a society that has a highly developed government, culture, an…
an area that is unified by common cultural traits
culture
how people of a certain region live, behave, and think
symbol
an object that stands for something else
14 terms
Chapter 2, Section 1
Islam
Silk Road
thechnology
astrolable
the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as…
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally establi…
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purpose…
an instrument formerly used to make astronomical measurements…
Islam
the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as…
Silk Road
The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally establi…
9 terms
SS Chapter 2, Sections 2 & 3
embalming
mummy
incense
monotheism
The Egyptians developed a process to protect the pharaohs bod…
A body that has been wrapped in linen
A material burned for its pleasant smell
The belief in only one god
embalming
The Egyptians developed a process to protect the pharaohs bod…
mummy
A body that has been wrapped in linen
9 terms
Chapter 2 Section 2 Pyramids of the Nile
Cataract
Delta
Menes
Pharaoh
A large waterfall
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river f…
united the kingdoms of lower and upper Egypt and created firs…
A ruler of ancient Egypt
Cataract
A large waterfall
Delta
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river f…
34 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 2: sections 1 and 2
abiotic factor
autotroph
biological community
biomass
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
all the interacting populations in the same geographic locati…
total mass of living matter at each trophic level.
abiotic factor
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
autotroph
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
Chapter 2 Sections 1,2, and 3
ice ages
migrate
land bridge
Mesolithic Era
long periods of freezing weather
move to a new place
a strip of land connecting two continents
the middle part of the Stone Age, from about 10,000 years ago…
ice ages
long periods of freezing weather
migrate
move to a new place
30 terms
CHAPTER 2 SECTION 2- THE GROWTH OF A NATION
Era of Good Feelings
James Monroe
Election of 1820
Second National Bank
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong n…
(1817-1821) and (1821-1825) The Missouri Compromise in 1821.,…
this election was James Monroe's re-election that was unoppos…
Established by Congress in 1816. The nation's federally autho…
Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong n…
James Monroe
(1817-1821) and (1821-1825) The Missouri Compromise in 1821.,…
Chapter 2 Words
Muscular fitness
Muscular strength
Muscular Endurance
Cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory en…
muscular endurance and muscular strength
The maximal force a muscle or muscle group can exert during c…
The maximal force a muscle or muscle group can exert force ag…
The capacity of the heart, blood vessels, and lungs to delive…
Muscular fitness
muscular endurance and muscular strength
Muscular strength
The maximal force a muscle or muscle group can exert during c…
23 terms
Chapter 2: Sections 1-4
cataract
Isis
savannas
Memphis
steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
Egyptian goddess of fertility, represented a loyal wife and m…
A region of grassland
An ancient city of Egypt on the Nile (south of Cairo), and th…
cataract
steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
Isis
Egyptian goddess of fertility, represented a loyal wife and m…
23 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry Sections 1 and 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
14 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab Words
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Centromere
Mitosis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Region of a chromosomes where the two sister chromatids attach
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell Cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
16 terms
Chapter2, Section 1
prince henry
bartholomeu dias
vasco da gama
christopher columbus
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory…
Portuguese explorer who sailed to southern tip of Africa in 1…
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government…
prince henry
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory…
bartholomeu dias
Portuguese explorer who sailed to southern tip of Africa in 1…
7 terms
Chapter 2 Section 1
prehistory
hominid
ancestor
tool
time before there was writing
an early ancestor of humans
a relative that lived in the past
any handheld object that has been modified to help a person a…
prehistory
time before there was writing
hominid
an early ancestor of humans
21 terms
chapter 2 Fertile Crescent, sections 1-5
code
Hammurabi
cuneiform
alphabet
an organized list of laws and rules
the king of Babylon from about 1792-1750 BC; creator of the B…
groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of…
A set of symbols that represent the sounds of a language
code
an organized list of laws and rules
Hammurabi
the king of Babylon from about 1792-1750 BC; creator of the B…
22 terms
Biology A Chapter 2 Section 2-1, 2-2
atom
nucleus
electrons
protons
Basic unit of matter
Center of an atom
Negatively charged particles... moves around the nucleus
*Positively charged particles... *Found in the nucleus... *same mas…
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
Center of an atom
11 terms
Chapter 2 Section 3 The Egyptian Empire
Thebes
Ahmose
Hatshepsut
Thutmose III
a new dynasty of pharaohs come to power and move capital from…
led an uprising that drove Hyksos out of Egypt; this period s…
a queen who came into power in about 1473 BC then made hersel…
Hatshepsut nephew who became pharaoh and Egypt became aggress…
Thebes
a new dynasty of pharaohs come to power and move capital from…
Ahmose
led an uprising that drove Hyksos out of Egypt; this period s…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Section 1 The Nile Valley
cararact
delta
papyrus
Hieroglyphics
narrow cliffs and boulders in the Nile that form wild rapids
were the nile branches and fan out over an area of fertile soil
a reed plant that grows alone the shore of the Nile. used to…
writing using hundreds of picture symbols
cararact
narrow cliffs and boulders in the Nile that form wild rapids
delta
were the nile branches and fan out over an area of fertile soil
10 terms
Chapter 2, Section 1 - "The First People"
ancestor
flint
hominid
Homo erectus
a relative who lived long ago
easy to shape mineral used to make very sharp tools
an early ancestor of humans
Upright Man
ancestor
a relative who lived long ago
flint
easy to shape mineral used to make very sharp tools
9 terms
Chapter 2 Section 1: Early Civilizations in the Americas
glacier
surplus
causeway
quipu
thick sheet of ice
extra of something (for example, an extra supply of food or m…
a raised road made of packed earth
device made of cord or strings with knots that stood for quan…
glacier
thick sheet of ice
surplus
extra of something (for example, an extra supply of food or m…
14 terms
Government- Chapter 2 (Sections 1, 2, & 3)
limited government
representative government
Magna Carta
Petition of Right
basic principal of American government which states that gove…
system of government in which public policies are made by off…
Also known as the Great Charter, which established that the p…
Signed by King Charles I of England in 1628 and challenged th…
limited government
basic principal of American government which states that gove…
representative government
system of government in which public policies are made by off…
10 terms
Chapter 2, Section 2
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
food chain
an organism that eats only plants
an organism that eats other animals (meat)
an organism that eats both plants and animals
the pathway of energy transfer through various stages as a re…
herbivore
an organism that eats only plants
carnivore
an organism that eats other animals (meat)
11 terms
Chapter 2 : Section 2
Erathquake
Focus
Epicenter
P Wave
...
Erathquake
...
Focus
26 terms
Chapter 2 Blue Words
plate tectonics
mantle convection
Alfred Wegener
Henry Hess
lithosphere broken into 12 rigid plates moving over Earth's s…
new crust created when magma rises to surfaces and cools, old…
developed the theory of continental drift, but it wasn't well…
use sonar on ocean to prove continental drift existed
plate tectonics
lithosphere broken into 12 rigid plates moving over Earth's s…
mantle convection
new crust created when magma rises to surfaces and cools, old…
20 terms
Chapter 2 - Word of the Day
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Viscosity
(Auto-Define) A physical substance in general, as distinct fr…
(Auto-Define) A substance or object that is solid rather than…
(Auto-Define) A liquid substance.... (My Definition) A substanc…
(Auto-Define) A quantity expressing the magnitude of internal…
Matter
(Auto-Define) A physical substance in general, as distinct fr…
Solid
(Auto-Define) A substance or object that is solid rather than…
5 terms
Social Studies Chapter 2 Section 1
scribe
Fertile Crescent
city-state
polytheism
a professional writer
a region in Southwest Asia; site of the first civilizations
a city that is also a separate independent state
the belief in many gods
scribe
a professional writer
Fertile Crescent
a region in Southwest Asia; site of the first civilizations
9 terms
Chapter 2, Sections 1 and 2
charter
constitution
debtor
subsistence farming
a document that gives the holder the right to organize settle…
a formal plan of government
person or country that owes money
farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is pro…
charter
a document that gives the holder the right to organize settle…
constitution
a formal plan of government
7 terms
Chapter 2 Section 4 The Civilization of Kush
Nubia
Kerma
Napata
Meroe
later known as the Kush arrived about 2000 BC they were herde…
the more powerful Nubian villages gradually took over the wea…
By 850 BC Nubian formed the independent kingdom of Kush. For…
moved the capital here farther south from Assyrians reach wit…
Nubia
later known as the Kush arrived about 2000 BC they were herde…
Kerma
the more powerful Nubian villages gradually took over the wea…
7 terms
Chapter 2 Section 3 The Land Keyterms
landforms
continents
plate tectonics
lava
shapes on the planet's surface
large landmasses
a theory that the Earth's surface is divided into a dozen or…
magma that reaches the Earth's surface
landforms
shapes on the planet's surface
continents
large landmasses
50 terms
CHAPTER 2 SECTION 1- THE NEW REPUBLIC
Washington's cabinet
President's cabinet
Bill of Rights
Alexander Hamilton
Edmund Randolph, secretary of treasury: Alexander Hamilton, s…
Advises the president on the matters relevant to their execut…
Amendments 1-10 of the constitution.
First Secretary of the Treasury.
Washington's cabinet
Edmund Randolph, secretary of treasury: Alexander Hamilton, s…
President's cabinet
Advises the president on the matters relevant to their execut…
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