Study sets matching "theories of intelligence"

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Study sets matching "theories of intelligence"

Intelligence theories
Different types of intelligence
Single intelligence
Multiple intelligence
Early pioneers
Single and multiple
G factor... Fluid and crystallised intelligence
Gardner... Sternberg
Francis Galton (1822-1911)... Hereditary genius... Biological bac…
Different types of intelligence
Single and multiple
Single intelligence
G factor... Fluid and crystallised intelligence
Theories of intelligence
Charles Spearman
positive manifold
Louis Thurstone
Gf-Gc Theory
theory of general intelligence (g factor), positive manifold,…
spearman--all tests of intelligence correlate with all others
theory of primary mental abilities, 7 factors that were initi…
cattell, although Gf and Gc are different they correlate to d…
Charles Spearman
theory of general intelligence (g factor), positive manifold,…
positive manifold
spearman--all tests of intelligence correlate with all others
21 terms
Intelligence Theories
Cattell Theory
Fluid Intelligence
Crystallized intelligence
Theory of "G" Factor: Spearmen
Two types of intelligence: crystalized intelligence and fluid…
Problem solving using algorithms and heuristics; decreases wi…
Retrieval and storage of information in the semantic memory
General intelligence factor; innate mental ability influences…
Cattell Theory
Two types of intelligence: crystalized intelligence and fluid…
Fluid Intelligence
Problem solving using algorithms and heuristics; decreases wi…
Intelligence Theories
Charles Spearman
L.L. Thurstone
J.P. Guilford
Robert Sternberg
Intelligence is like a well or spring
7 distinct kinds of mental abilities
All mental abilities involve one of 5 operations
Triarchic theory Alice Celia Barbara
Charles Spearman
Intelligence is like a well or spring
L.L. Thurstone
7 distinct kinds of mental abilities
Theories of Intelligence
Name and Describe the 7 Main Broad Abi…
What is the broadest of all cognitive…
Facts about CHC
What puts the ceiling on the knowledge…
Fluid Reasoning- being able to solve "on the spot" problems b…
G
explains relationships between aptitudes and achievement... most…
Gf
Name and Describe the 7 Main Broad Abi…
Fluid Reasoning- being able to solve "on the spot" problems b…
What is the broadest of all cognitive…
G
24 terms
Intelligence - Theories
Galton
Binet
Binet-Simon (1905)
Terman
Heritability, Eminence, Reaction time , 1st, 2nd 3rd generati…
Test for subnormal children, abstract reasoning over sensory…
Scale by Binet, 3-10 yrs
Attempted Binet-Simon on Californian schoolchildren, develope…
Galton
Heritability, Eminence, Reaction time , 1st, 2nd 3rd generati…
Binet
Test for subnormal children, abstract reasoning over sensory…
10 terms
Intelligence Theories
Spearman
Thurstone
Gardner
Sternberg
Person who proposed generalized (g) intelligence or broad spe…
Identified 7 sub categories that generalized intelligence cou…
Different interpretation of intelligence often criticized for…
Proposed three critical areas of intelligence: analytical, cr…
Spearman
Person who proposed generalized (g) intelligence or broad spe…
Thurstone
Identified 7 sub categories that generalized intelligence cou…
6 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Galton
Binet (& Simon)
Weschler
Gardner
-One of the first people to study intelligence... -Believed that…
-Most frequently associated with intelligence testing ... -Indic…
-American psychologist who developed an 'empirical' model of…
-Argued that being intelligent involved more than being able…
Galton
-One of the first people to study intelligence... -Believed that…
Binet (& Simon)
-Most frequently associated with intelligence testing ... -Indic…
14 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman's g Factor
Fluid intelligence
Crystalized intelligence
analytical
ONE ability, general intelligence (g Factor)... Predicts overall…
Cattell's Theory... -Ability to see complex relationships and so…
Cattell's Theory... -Knowledge one gains from experience and lea…
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory... -book smarts
Spearman's g Factor
ONE ability, general intelligence (g Factor)... Predicts overall…
Fluid intelligence
Cattell's Theory... -Ability to see complex relationships and so…
Intelligence Testing - theories of intelligence
Spearman's Theory
Horn and Cattell Theory
Carroll's Theory
McGrew's CHC Theory
Two-Factor Theory... Based on observations that various measures…
Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Three-Stratum Theory... Stratum III - g... Stratum II - 8 broad abi…
Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory... Serves as framework for KABC-II a…
Spearman's Theory
Two-Factor Theory... Based on observations that various measures…
Horn and Cattell Theory
Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
What are Implicit Theories of Intellig…
According to Sternberg, what are the 4…
Who says that beliefs about whether in…
Dweck: If people believe that intellig…
Non scientific constructs of people's everyday ideas and beli…
1) Important in everyday life... 2) Important for research into…
Dweck
Failure in intelligence related tasks is unavoidable
What are Implicit Theories of Intellig…
Non scientific constructs of people's everyday ideas and beli…
According to Sternberg, what are the 4…
1) Important in everyday life... 2) Important for research into…
6 terms
Theories of intelligence
Charles spearman
Raymond Cattel
Robert sternberg
Howard Gardner
2 factor theory... G factor- general intelligence reasoning and…
Two subtypes of G... Fluid intelligence... Crystallized intelligence
3 types of intelligence ... Practical... Analytical... Creative
Multiple intelligence... Linguistic, conical, musical, spacial,…
Charles spearman
2 factor theory... G factor- general intelligence reasoning and…
Raymond Cattel
Two subtypes of G... Fluid intelligence... Crystallized intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid Intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
Charles Spearman (1863-1945)... General…
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
-Charles Spearman—"g" factor... -Louis Thurstone—intelligence as…
-Theorized that a general intelligence factor (g) underlies o…
Crystallized Intelligence
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
Fluid Intelligence
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman's general intelligence
Thurstone's primary mental abilities
Gardner's multiple inteliigences
Sternberg's triarchic
a basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varied academi…
our intelligence may be broken down into seven factors: word…
Our abilities are best classified into eight independent inte…
our intelligence is best classified into three areas that pre…
Spearman's general intelligence
a basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varied academi…
Thurstone's primary mental abilities
our intelligence may be broken down into seven factors: word…
23 terms
Theories of Intelligence and Politics of Intelligence
Psychometrics
Factor Analysis
g
s
A field of psychology that specializes in mental testing
A statistical procedure that detects smaller number of dimens…
The factor of general intelligence which underlies all intell…
The specific skills associated with each individual domain of…
Psychometrics
A field of psychology that specializes in mental testing
Factor Analysis
A statistical procedure that detects smaller number of dimens…
Theories of intelligence
Spearman (1904)
Spearman's psychometric theory
Terman (1921)
Thurstone (1921)
A general ability which involves mainly the education of rela…
Spearman's G: General mental ability. ... Spearman's S: specifi…
Capacity to form concepts and grasp their significance.
Inhibit instinctive adjustments, flexibly in imagined differe…
Spearman (1904)
A general ability which involves mainly the education of rela…
Spearman's psychometric theory
Spearman's G: General mental ability. ... Spearman's S: specifi…
13 terms
theories of intelligence
fluid intelligence
crystallized intelligence
componential intelligence
experiential intelligence
innate information- processing skills and problem-solving abi…
acquired knowledge and skills that result from experience and…
analytical thinking, abstract reasoning, ability to store and…
insightful, creative, solve familiar problems quickly
fluid intelligence
innate information- processing skills and problem-solving abi…
crystallized intelligence
acquired knowledge and skills that result from experience and…
Theories of intelligence
Intelligence
Intelligence
Gardener's Multiple Intelligences
Dr. Howard Gardner
Is a single, generally ability.
It encompasses a wide range of aptitudes, skills and talents.
It is developed by Dr. Howard Gardner.
A psychologist and professor of education at Harvard Universi…
Intelligence
Is a single, generally ability.
Intelligence
It encompasses a wide range of aptitudes, skills and talents.
16 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Sternberg and Detterman 1986
Intelligence as a academic performance…
Intelligence Quotient IQ: William Ster…
Binet's Mental age
Asked 24 experts in the filed to define intelligence each one…
Design and instrument that would distinguish children who wou…
IQ=100 Mental Age / Chronological Age
Chronological age typical of a given performance... The average…
Sternberg and Detterman 1986
Asked 24 experts in the filed to define intelligence each one…
Intelligence as a academic performance…
Design and instrument that would distinguish children who wou…
Theories of intelligence
Howard Gardner
Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligence
Charles Spearman
Charles Spearmans G factor
Multiple intelligence
Linguistic, logical math, visual, body kin esthetic, musical,…
Factor Analysis
General intelligence
Howard Gardner
Multiple intelligence
Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligence
Linguistic, logical math, visual, body kin esthetic, musical,…
theories of intelligence
general intelligence
Sit Frances Galtion
Charles Spearman
mental age and IQ
Sir Frances Galton... Charles Spearman
intelligence is a general ability... depends on environment... can…
general (common tasks) = g... specific (certain tasks) = s
Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon... Lewis Terman
general intelligence
Sir Frances Galton... Charles Spearman
Sit Frances Galtion
intelligence is a general ability... depends on environment... can…
6 terms
Theories of intelligence
Sensory capacity
Abstract thinking
General vs specific intelligence
Fluid vs crystallized intelligence
Sir Francis Galton... Intelligence is the byproduct of sensory c…
Alfred Binet... Intelligence is the capacity to understand hypot…
Charles Spearman.... Intelligence is a general ability made of s…
Raymond Cattell.... Fluid intelligence is the capacity to learn…
Sensory capacity
Sir Francis Galton... Intelligence is the byproduct of sensory c…
Abstract thinking
Alfred Binet... Intelligence is the capacity to understand hypot…
5 terms
Theories of Intelligence
general intelligence
specific intelligence
prodigy
savant
General reasoning ability that influences multiple domains.
reasoning ability unique to specific tasks
An individual who excels in an area where one has had little…
An individual who often scores low on intelligence tests but…
general intelligence
General reasoning ability that influences multiple domains.
specific intelligence
reasoning ability unique to specific tasks
20 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Unitary Model
Multifacet Model
Hierarchical Model
Spearman
conceptualizes intelligence as a unitary trait.
identifies key domains (i.e. indicators; critical elements) t…
overall index of intelligence, and under that you can identif…
Spearman was a biologist and statistician. Realized all intel…
Unitary Model
conceptualizes intelligence as a unitary trait.
Multifacet Model
identifies key domains (i.e. indicators; critical elements) t…
5 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman
Thurstone primary metal abilities
Gardner
Sternberg
Intelligence is predicted by a single intelligence factor g.
identifies seven different intelligence areas.
Nine or eight intelligences
Three very reliably measured areas of intelligence. Analytics…
Spearman
Intelligence is predicted by a single intelligence factor g.
Thurstone primary metal abilities
identifies seven different intelligence areas.
5 terms
Theories of intelligence
Dweck
Plomin
Charles spearman
Gardner
2002
2001
1923
1983
Dweck
2002
Plomin
2001
10 terms
Theories of intelligence
Intelligence
Fluid intelligence
Crystallized intelligence
Factor analysis
The ability to gather and use information in productive ways
Our ability to solve abstract problems and pick up new inform…
Using knowledge accumulated over time
A statistical technique that measures the correlation between…
Intelligence
The ability to gather and use information in productive ways
Fluid intelligence
Our ability to solve abstract problems and pick up new inform…
theories of intelligence
intelligence
"g" factor (charles spearman)
primary mental abilities (louis thurst…
thurstone's intelligences
the ability to learn from experience and use your knowledge t…
believed in a general intelligence
believed in 7 primary mental capabilities
inductive reasoning, word feverency, perceptual ability, verb…
intelligence
the ability to learn from experience and use your knowledge t…
"g" factor (charles spearman)
believed in a general intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
Intelligence
Charles Spearman
Louis Thurston
Howard Gardner
the ability to learn from experiences, think rationally, and…
believed intelligence is generally cognitive ability that cou…
primary mental abilities. Numerical ability, word fluency, as…
multiple intelligences.... Visual, musical, intrapersonal, inter…
Intelligence
the ability to learn from experiences, think rationally, and…
Charles Spearman
believed intelligence is generally cognitive ability that cou…
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman's Two Factor Theory
Horn and Cattell
Carroll's Three-Stratum Theory
McGrew's CHC
Performance on a task is dependent upon general intelligence…
Crystallized and fluid intelligence
Stratum III is g; Stratum II is broad abilities; Stratum I is…
Ten broad abilities, over 70 narrow abilities linked to broad…
Spearman's Two Factor Theory
Performance on a task is dependent upon general intelligence…
Horn and Cattell
Crystallized and fluid intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
general intelligence
specific intelligence
prodigy
savant
General reasoning ability that influences multiple domains.
Reasoning ability that is unique to specific tasks.
An individual who excels in an area where one has had little…
An individual who often scores low on intelligence tests but…
general intelligence
General reasoning ability that influences multiple domains.
specific intelligence
Reasoning ability that is unique to specific tasks.
Theories of intelligence
Binet
Spearman
Garnder
Galton
Creator of the Idea of mental age
Creator of the Idea of general Intelligence
Creator of the Idea of eight intelligences
Creator of the Idea of hereditary genius
Binet
Creator of the Idea of mental age
Spearman
Creator of the Idea of general Intelligence
11 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Linguistic
Logical-Mathematical (Gardner)
Musical (Gardner)
Spatial (Gardner)
Public speaking
Problem solving
Artistic in the music field
Artistic with painting,drawing and other forms of art
Linguistic
Public speaking
Logical-Mathematical (Gardner)
Problem solving
27 terms
Theories of intelligence
Gardener
Gardener
Gardener
Gardener
Verbal -linguistic
Logical-mathematical
Bodily-kinesthetic
Visual-spatial
Gardener
Verbal -linguistic
Gardener
Logical-mathematical
Theories of Intelligence
Summary of Spearman`s General Intellig…
what are the 7 factors that are listed…
what are the strengths spearmans theory
MMPI-2 TEST
a basic intelligence perdicts our abilities in varied academi…
word fluency... verbal composition... spatial ability ... perceptual s…
different abilities tend to correlate- verbal and spatial
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a p…
Summary of Spearman`s General Intellig…
a basic intelligence perdicts our abilities in varied academi…
what are the 7 factors that are listed…
word fluency... verbal composition... spatial ability ... perceptual s…
22 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid Intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
Charles Spearman (1863-1945)... General…
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
-Charles Spearman—"g" factor... -Louis Thurstone—intelligence as…
-Theorized that a general intelligence factor (g) underlies o…
Crystallized Intelligence
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
Fluid Intelligence
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
Theories of Intelligence
There is a positive correlation betwee…
Robert Sternberg's analytical intellig…
All of the following are types of inte…
Recognizing and understanding the emot…
True
False
Emotional
True
There is a positive correlation betwee…
True
Robert Sternberg's analytical intellig…
False
Intelligence Theories
Spearman
Thurstone
Sternberg
Triarchic Theory
General intelligence
Primary mental abilities (7)
Triarchic Theory
Analytical, creative, and practical
Spearman
General intelligence
Thurstone
Primary mental abilities (7)
22 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Definition of Intelligence?
Charles Spearman
What is an example of Spearmens theory?
Raymond Cattell
A set of cognitive skills that include abstract thinking, rea…
Developed the first theory of intelligence, best thought of a…
People that score high in one area generally score high in ot…
Broke intelligence into two primary abilities or intelligence…
Definition of Intelligence?
A set of cognitive skills that include abstract thinking, rea…
Charles Spearman
Developed the first theory of intelligence, best thought of a…
Intelligence Theories
Sheman's Theory
Thurstone's Theory
Guilford
Cattell
Single kind of mental energy that flows in every action
7 primary mental abilities ... S- Spatial Ability ... P- Perceptual…
3 dimensional model of intelligence ... Operations...(act of th…
2 clusters of abilities ... Crystalized intelligence (reasoning…
Sheman's Theory
Single kind of mental energy that flows in every action
Thurstone's Theory
7 primary mental abilities ... S- Spatial Ability ... P- Perceptual…
Intelligence theories
Spearman
Thurstone
Spatial, perceptual speed, numerical,…
Gardner's
G-Factor
Mental abilities
Thurstone
Multiple intelligences
Spearman
G-Factor
Thurstone
Mental abilities
12 terms
Intelligence theories
intelligence
Galton
Binet
Spearman
variable capacity that underlies individual differences in re…
Intelligence = biological capacity for intellectual achieveme…
Intelligence = collection of various higher-order mental abil…
general intelligence (g): the common factor measured by every…
intelligence
variable capacity that underlies individual differences in re…
Galton
Intelligence = biological capacity for intellectual achieveme…
18 terms
Theories of intelligence
Spearmann
Cattle
fluid intelligence
crystallized intelligence
g factor- a general factor that represents intelligence
two components of the g factor- fluid and crystallized intell…
thought to be innate information processing capabilities such…
abilities and information gathered through experience such as…
Spearmann
g factor- a general factor that represents intelligence
Cattle
two components of the g factor- fluid and crystallized intell…
Theories of Intelligence
Which of the following statements conc…
Which of the following statements conc…
How does the cognitive perspective of…
Describe two reasons why Linda Gottfre…
Gardner claims that musical intelligence is dependent upon sp…
Research indicates that a bigger brain may reflect lower inte…
The cognitive perspective of intelligence focuses on how indi…
Gottfredson claimed that smarter people live longer because m…
Which of the following statements conc…
Gardner claims that musical intelligence is dependent upon sp…
Which of the following statements conc…
Research indicates that a bigger brain may reflect lower inte…
Theories Of Intelligence
Spearman
Alfred Binet
What is the mental age formula?
David Wechler
The 'G' Factor
Mental Age
IQ= Mental Age/Chronological Age x 100
Verbal and Performance Abilities
Spearman
The 'G' Factor
Alfred Binet
Mental Age
Theories of Intelligence
what was Charles Spearman's general in…
spearman's specific intelligence?
who was Thurstone?
What is Cattell Fluid Intelligence?
-proposed high correlations among several cognitive tasks... -(J…
individual differences on specific tests dependent on experie…
critic of spearman... found less evidence for general intelligen…
General Reasoning Ability... --efficiency of info. processing... -r…
what was Charles Spearman's general in…
-proposed high correlations among several cognitive tasks... -(J…
spearman's specific intelligence?
individual differences on specific tests dependent on experie…
5 terms
intelligence theories
spear mans general intelligence
touchstone's primary mental abilities
gardners multiple intelligence
sternberg's triarchic theory
a basic intelligence predicts our abilities
we have seven factors
eight or nine independent intelligence
three areas that predict real world success
spear mans general intelligence
a basic intelligence predicts our abilities
touchstone's primary mental abilities
we have seven factors
Intelligence Theories
Spearman's Two-Factor Model
General Factors
Specific Factors
Thurstone's Primary Mental Abilities
- Intelligence is based on two factors: general factors and s…
- all intellectual activities share a single common core (gen…
- responsible for the unique aspects of the performance of an…
- proposed a group of primary factors: spatial, numerical, pe…
Spearman's Two-Factor Model
- Intelligence is based on two factors: general factors and s…
General Factors
- all intellectual activities share a single common core (gen…
14 terms
Intelligence Theories
Gardner's Theory
Linguistic Skills
Logical/Mathematical Skills
Musical Skills
1. Linguistics... 2. Logical/Mathematical... 3. Musical... 4. Intraper…
*Sensitivity to spoken and written language, ability to learn…
*Abstract thinking and problem solving, carry out operations…
*Sensitivity to sound patterns, skill in performance, composi…
Gardner's Theory
1. Linguistics... 2. Logical/Mathematical... 3. Musical... 4. Intraper…
Linguistic Skills
*Sensitivity to spoken and written language, ability to learn…
18 terms
Intelligence Theories
Ability theories
Spearman's Two-factor theory of intell…
Thurstone's Primary Mental Abilities
Raymond B. Cattell's fluid intelligence
Intelligence is a collection of abilities that can be measure…
We all have "g" (general intelligence) and "s" (task-specific…
7 verbal comprehension, word fluency, number ability, spatial…
Basic reasoning and problem solving
Ability theories
Intelligence is a collection of abilities that can be measure…
Spearman's Two-factor theory of intell…
We all have "g" (general intelligence) and "s" (task-specific…
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