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Study sets matching "theories of intelligence"

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Study sets matching "theories of intelligence"

10 terms
Intelligence theories
Different types of intelligence
Single intelligence
Multiple intelligence
Early pioneers
Single and multiple
G factor... Fluid and crystallised intelligence
Gardner... Sternberg
Francis Galton (1822-1911)... Hereditary genius... Biological bac…
Different types of intelligence
Single and multiple
Single intelligence
G factor... Fluid and crystallised intelligence
36 terms
Theories of Intelligence
What are Implicit Theories of Intellig…
According to Sternberg, what are the 4…
Who says that beliefs about whether in…
Dweck: If people believe that intellig…
Non scientific constructs of people's everyday ideas and beli…
1) Important in everyday life... 2) Important for research into…
Dweck
Failure in intelligence related tasks is unavoidable
What are Implicit Theories of Intellig…
Non scientific constructs of people's everyday ideas and beli…
According to Sternberg, what are the 4…
1) Important in everyday life... 2) Important for research into…
10 terms
Theories of intelligence
Charles Spearman
positive manifold
Louis Thurstone
Gf-Gc Theory
theory of general intelligence (g factor), positive manifold,…
spearman--all tests of intelligence correlate with all others
theory of primary mental abilities, 7 factors that were initi…
cattell, although Gf and Gc are different they correlate to d…
Charles Spearman
theory of general intelligence (g factor), positive manifold,…
positive manifold
spearman--all tests of intelligence correlate with all others
24 terms
Intelligence - Theories
Galton
Binet
Binet-Simon (1905)
Terman
Heritability, Eminence, Reaction time , 1st, 2nd 3rd generati…
Test for subnormal children, abstract reasoning over sensory…
Scale by Binet, 3-10 yrs
Attempted Binet-Simon on Californian schoolchildren, develope…
Galton
Heritability, Eminence, Reaction time , 1st, 2nd 3rd generati…
Binet
Test for subnormal children, abstract reasoning over sensory…
20 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Name and Describe the 7 Main Broad Abi…
What is the broadest of all cognitive…
Facts about CHC
What puts the ceiling on the knowledge…
Fluid Reasoning- being able to solve "on the spot" problems b…
G
explains relationships between aptitudes and achievement... most…
Gf
Name and Describe the 7 Main Broad Abi…
Fluid Reasoning- being able to solve "on the spot" problems b…
What is the broadest of all cognitive…
G
21 terms
Intelligence Theories
Cattell Theory
Fluid Intelligence
Crystallized intelligence
Theory of "G" Factor: Spearmen
Two types of intelligence: crystalized intelligence and fluid…
Problem solving using algorithms and heuristics; decreases wi…
Retrieval and storage of information in the semantic memory
General intelligence factor; innate mental ability influences…
Cattell Theory
Two types of intelligence: crystalized intelligence and fluid…
Fluid Intelligence
Problem solving using algorithms and heuristics; decreases wi…
14 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman's g Factor
Fluid intelligence
Crystalized intelligence
analytical
ONE ability, general intelligence (g Factor)... Predicts overall…
Cattell's Theory... -Ability to see complex relationships and so…
Cattell's Theory... -Knowledge one gains from experience and lea…
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory... -book smarts
Spearman's g Factor
ONE ability, general intelligence (g Factor)... Predicts overall…
Fluid intelligence
Cattell's Theory... -Ability to see complex relationships and so…
8 terms
THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE
Sternbergs Theory of Intelligence prop…
Deviation IQ scores are not used to me…
Intelligence is changeable, but geneti…
Males with autism are affected more se…
False
False
True
False
Sternbergs Theory of Intelligence prop…
False
Deviation IQ scores are not used to me…
False
Theories of Intelligence
Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid Intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
Charles Spearman (1863-1945)... General…
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
-Charles Spearman—"g" factor... -Louis Thurstone—intelligence as…
-Theorized that a general intelligence factor (g) underlies o…
Crystallized Intelligence
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
Fluid Intelligence
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
14 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman's general intelligence
Thurstone's primary mental abilities
Gardner's multiple inteliigences
Sternberg's triarchic
a basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varied academi…
our intelligence may be broken down into seven factors: word…
Our abilities are best classified into eight independent inte…
our intelligence is best classified into three areas that pre…
Spearman's general intelligence
a basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varied academi…
Thurstone's primary mental abilities
our intelligence may be broken down into seven factors: word…
23 terms
Theories of Intelligence and Politics of Intelligence
Psychometrics
Factor Analysis
g
s
A field of psychology that specializes in mental testing
A statistical procedure that detects smaller number of dimens…
The factor of general intelligence which underlies all intell…
The specific skills associated with each individual domain of…
Psychometrics
A field of psychology that specializes in mental testing
Factor Analysis
A statistical procedure that detects smaller number of dimens…
12 terms
Theories of intelligence
Spearman (1904)
Spearman's psychometric theory
Terman (1921)
Thurstone (1921)
A general ability which involves mainly the education of rela…
Spearman's G: General mental ability. ... Spearman's S: specifi…
Capacity to form concepts and grasp their significance.
Inhibit instinctive adjustments, flexibly in imagined differe…
Spearman (1904)
A general ability which involves mainly the education of rela…
Spearman's psychometric theory
Spearman's G: General mental ability. ... Spearman's S: specifi…
27 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Howard Gardner
Gardner
Gardner
Gardner
Linguistic
Logical math
Visual/Spatial
body kinesthetic
Howard Gardner
Linguistic
Gardner
Logical math
13 terms
theories of intelligence
fluid intelligence
crystallized intelligence
componential intelligence
experiential intelligence
innate information- processing skills and problem-solving abi…
acquired knowledge and skills that result from experience and…
analytical thinking, abstract reasoning, ability to store and…
insightful, creative, solve familiar problems quickly
fluid intelligence
innate information- processing skills and problem-solving abi…
crystallized intelligence
acquired knowledge and skills that result from experience and…
21 terms
Theories of intelligence
Intelligence
Intelligence
Gardener's Multiple Intelligences
Dr. Howard Gardner
Is a single, generally ability.
It encompasses a wide range of aptitudes, skills and talents.
It is developed by Dr. Howard Gardner.
A psychologist and professor of education at Harvard Universi…
Intelligence
Is a single, generally ability.
Intelligence
It encompasses a wide range of aptitudes, skills and talents.
16 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Sternberg and Detterman 1986
Intelligence as a academic performance…
Intelligence Quotient IQ: William Ster…
Binet's Mental age
Asked 24 experts in the filed to define intelligence each one…
Design and instrument that would distinguish children who wou…
IQ=100 Mental Age / Chronological Age
Chronological age typical of a given performance... The average…
Sternberg and Detterman 1986
Asked 24 experts in the filed to define intelligence each one…
Intelligence as a academic performance…
Design and instrument that would distinguish children who wou…
20 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Unitary Model
Multifacet Model
Hierarchical Model
Spearman
conceptualizes intelligence as a unitary trait.
identifies key domains (i.e. indicators; critical elements) t…
overall index of intelligence, and under that you can identif…
Spearman was a biologist and statistician. Realized all intel…
Unitary Model
conceptualizes intelligence as a unitary trait.
Multifacet Model
identifies key domains (i.e. indicators; critical elements) t…
12 terms
theories of intelligence
general intelligence
Sit Frances Galtion
Charles Spearman
mental age and IQ
Sir Frances Galton... Charles Spearman
intelligence is a general ability... depends on environment... can…
general (common tasks) = g... specific (certain tasks) = s
Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon... Lewis Terman
general intelligence
Sir Frances Galton... Charles Spearman
Sit Frances Galtion
intelligence is a general ability... depends on environment... can…
13 terms
Theories of intelligence
Howard Gardner
Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligence
Charles Spearman
Charles Spearmans G factor
Multiple intelligence
Linguistic, logical math, visual, body kin esthetic, musical,…
Factor Analysis
General intelligence
Howard Gardner
Multiple intelligence
Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligence
Linguistic, logical math, visual, body kin esthetic, musical,…
10 terms
Theories of intelligence
Intelligence
Fluid intelligence
Crystallized intelligence
Factor analysis
The ability to gather and use information in productive ways
Our ability to solve abstract problems and pick up new inform…
Using knowledge accumulated over time
A statistical technique that measures the correlation between…
Intelligence
The ability to gather and use information in productive ways
Fluid intelligence
Our ability to solve abstract problems and pick up new inform…
13 terms
theories of intelligence
intelligence
"g" factor (charles spearman)
primary mental abilities (louis thurst…
thurstone's intelligences
the ability to learn from experience and use your knowledge t…
believed in a general intelligence
believed in 7 primary mental capabilities
inductive reasoning, word feverency, perceptual ability, verb…
intelligence
the ability to learn from experience and use your knowledge t…
"g" factor (charles spearman)
believed in a general intelligence
8 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Intelligence
Charles Spearman
Louis Thurston
Howard Gardner
the ability to learn from experiences, think rationally, and…
believed intelligence is generally cognitive ability that cou…
primary mental abilities. Numerical ability, word fluency, as…
multiple intelligences.... Visual, musical, intrapersonal, inter…
Intelligence
the ability to learn from experiences, think rationally, and…
Charles Spearman
believed intelligence is generally cognitive ability that cou…
16 terms
Theories of intelligence
Binet
Spearman
Garnder
Galton
Creator of the Idea of mental age
Creator of the Idea of general Intelligence
Creator of the Idea of eight intelligences
Creator of the Idea of hereditary genius
Binet
Creator of the Idea of mental age
Spearman
Creator of the Idea of general Intelligence
5 terms
Theories of Intelligence
general intelligence
specific intelligence
prodigy
savant
General reasoning ability that influences multiple domains.
Reasoning ability that is unique to specific tasks.
An individual who excels in an area where one has had little…
An individual who often scores low on intelligence tests but…
general intelligence
General reasoning ability that influences multiple domains.
specific intelligence
Reasoning ability that is unique to specific tasks.
9 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Spearman's General Intelligence (g)
Thurstone's Primary Mental Abilities
Gardner's Multiple Intelligences
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intell…
- A single basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varie…
- Our intelligence may be broken down into 7 factors.... - Stren…
- Our abilities are best classified into eight independent in…
- Our intelligence is best classified into three areas that p…
Spearman's General Intelligence (g)
- A single basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varie…
Thurstone's Primary Mental Abilities
- Our intelligence may be broken down into 7 factors.... - Stren…
Theories of Intelligence
General Intelligence Theory
Multiple Intelligence Theory
Triarchic Theory
What theory measures cognitive abiliti…
Charles Spearman
Howard Gardner
Robert Sternberg
General Intelligence Theory Spearman
General Intelligence Theory
Charles Spearman
Multiple Intelligence Theory
Howard Gardner
11 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Linguistic
Logical-Mathematical (Gardner)
Musical (Gardner)
Spatial (Gardner)
Public speaking
Problem solving
Artistic in the music field
Artistic with painting,drawing and other forms of art
Linguistic
Public speaking
Logical-Mathematical (Gardner)
Problem solving
27 terms
Theories of intelligence
Gardener
Gardener
Gardener
Gardener
Verbal -linguistic
Logical-mathematical
Bodily-kinesthetic
Visual-spatial
Gardener
Verbal -linguistic
Gardener
Logical-mathematical
22 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Crystallized Intelligence
Fluid Intelligence
Theories of Intelligence
Charles Spearman (1863-1945)... General…
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
-Charles Spearman—"g" factor... -Louis Thurstone—intelligence as…
-Theorized that a general intelligence factor (g) underlies o…
Crystallized Intelligence
-learning from past experiences and learning. ... -Situations th…
Fluid Intelligence
-the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problem…
22 terms
Theories of Intelligence
Definition of Intelligence?
Charles Spearman
What is an example of Spearmens theory?
Raymond Cattell
A set of cognitive skills that include abstract thinking, rea…
Developed the first theory of intelligence, best thought of a…
People that score high in one area generally score high in ot…
Broke intelligence into two primary abilities or intelligence…
Definition of Intelligence?
A set of cognitive skills that include abstract thinking, rea…
Charles Spearman
Developed the first theory of intelligence, best thought of a…
24 terms
Theories of intelligence
What is Cattell's general intelligence…
Define "fluid intelligence"
Give an example of fluid intelligence
Define "crystallised intelligence"
There are two types of intelligence - fluid and crystallised
Involves the ability to solve new problems, use logic in new…
Using a complicated subway in a new city (flexible and adapti…
Involves the ability to use learned knowledge and experience
What is Cattell's general intelligence…
There are two types of intelligence - fluid and crystallised
Define "fluid intelligence"
Involves the ability to solve new problems, use logic in new…
17 terms
Intelligence theories
Spearman
G factor (general intelligence)
Thurstone
multifaceted g-factor
G factor
Spearman
multifaceted g-factor
Thurstone
Spearman
G factor
G factor (general intelligence)
Spearman
10 terms
Intelligence theories
Spearman
Thurstone
Spatial, perceptual speed, numerical,…
Gardner's
G-Factor
Mental abilities
Thurstone
Multiple intelligences
Spearman
G-Factor
Thurstone
Mental abilities
12 terms
Intelligence theories
intelligence
Galton
Binet
Spearman
variable capacity that underlies individual differences in re…
Intelligence = biological capacity for intellectual achieveme…
Intelligence = collection of various higher-order mental abil…
general intelligence (g): the common factor measured by every…
intelligence
variable capacity that underlies individual differences in re…
Galton
Intelligence = biological capacity for intellectual achieveme…
Theories of Intelligence
Which of the following statements conc…
Which of the following statements conc…
How does the cognitive perspective of…
Describe two reasons why Linda Gottfre…
Gardner claims that musical intelligence is dependent upon sp…
Research indicates that a bigger brain may reflect lower inte…
The cognitive perspective of intelligence focuses on how indi…
Gottfredson claimed that smarter people live longer because m…
Which of the following statements conc…
Gardner claims that musical intelligence is dependent upon sp…
Which of the following statements conc…
Research indicates that a bigger brain may reflect lower inte…
19 terms
Theories Of Intelligence
Spearman
Alfred Binet
What is the mental age formula?
David Wechler
The 'G' Factor
Mental Age
IQ= Mental Age/Chronological Age x 100
Verbal and Performance Abilities
Spearman
The 'G' Factor
Alfred Binet
Mental Age
18 terms
Theories of intelligence
Spearmann
Cattle
fluid intelligence
crystallized intelligence
g factor- a general factor that represents intelligence
two components of the g factor- fluid and crystallized intell…
thought to be innate information processing capabilities such…
abilities and information gathered through experience such as…
Spearmann
g factor- a general factor that represents intelligence
Cattle
two components of the g factor- fluid and crystallized intell…
13 terms
Intelligence Theories
Sir Francis Galton
Simon & Binet
Lewis Terman
Intelligence Quotient
Multiple Dimensions... -speed... -muscular strength... -head size... -det…
mental age-to predict which children might need extra help of…
"Stanford-Binet" test, 1st intelligence test, 1st to use inte…
IQ= mental age/chronological age x 100
Sir Francis Galton
Multiple Dimensions... -speed... -muscular strength... -head size... -det…
Simon & Binet
mental age-to predict which children might need extra help of…
9 terms
Intelligence Theories
Spearman's Two-Factor Model
General Factors
Specific Factors
Thurstone's Primary Mental Abilities
- Intelligence is based on two factors: general factors and s…
- all intellectual activities share a single common core (gen…
- responsible for the unique aspects of the performance of an…
- proposed a group of primary factors: spatial, numerical, pe…
Spearman's Two-Factor Model
- Intelligence is based on two factors: general factors and s…
General Factors
- all intellectual activities share a single common core (gen…
14 terms
Intelligence Theories
Gardner's Theory
Linguistic Skills
Logical/Mathematical Skills
Musical Skills
1. Linguistics... 2. Logical/Mathematical... 3. Musical... 4. Intraper…
*Sensitivity to spoken and written language, ability to learn…
*Abstract thinking and problem solving, carry out operations…
*Sensitivity to sound patterns, skill in performance, composi…
Gardner's Theory
1. Linguistics... 2. Logical/Mathematical... 3. Musical... 4. Intraper…
Linguistic Skills
*Sensitivity to spoken and written language, ability to learn…
17 terms
Intelligence Theories
reasoning, verbal fluency, verbal comp…
Louis Thurstone
Howard Gardner
Visual-Spatial... Linguistic-Verbal... Logic…
the seven "primary mental abilities"
Instead of viewing intelligence as a single, general ability,…
Made the Theory of Multiple intelligences; said that traditio…
the 8 multiple intelligence categories
reasoning, verbal fluency, verbal comp…
the seven "primary mental abilities"
Louis Thurstone
Instead of viewing intelligence as a single, general ability,…
17 terms
Intelligence theories
Artisole
Galton
Binet (with Simon)
Terman
Passive Intelligence... ◦ Gather information via senses... Acti…
Passion for Quantification... ◦ Applied to mental ability... ▪ An…
Find Means of Streaming Schoolchildren... ◦ Had 50 kids do eve…
Adapted Binet's methods to the US
Artisole
Passive Intelligence... ◦ Gather information via senses... Acti…
Galton
Passion for Quantification... ◦ Applied to mental ability... ▪ An…
18 terms
Intelligence Theories
Ability theories
Spearman's Two-factor theory of intell…
Thurstone's Primary Mental Abilities
Raymond B. Cattell's fluid intelligence
Intelligence is a collection of abilities that can be measure…
We all have "g" (general intelligence) and "s" (task-specific…
7 verbal comprehension, word fluency, number ability, spatial…
Basic reasoning and problem solving
Ability theories
Intelligence is a collection of abilities that can be measure…
Spearman's Two-factor theory of intell…
We all have "g" (general intelligence) and "s" (task-specific…
17 terms
Theories of Intelligence
what was Charles Spearman's general in…
spearman's specific intelligence?
who was Thurstone?
What is Cattell Fluid Intelligence?
-proposed high correlations among several cognitive tasks... -(J…
individual differences on specific tests dependent on experie…
critic of spearman... found less evidence for general intelligen…
General Reasoning Ability... --efficiency of info. processing... -r…
what was Charles Spearman's general in…
-proposed high correlations among several cognitive tasks... -(J…
spearman's specific intelligence?
individual differences on specific tests dependent on experie…
16 terms
Theories of Intelligences
Howard Gardiner
Robert Sternberg
Sternberg wears a CAP
Analytical Intelligence
Multiple Intelligences (8)
Triarchic theory; 3 intelligences (most widely accepted)
Creative... Analytical... Practical
assessed by intelligence tests which present well-defined pro…
Howard Gardiner
Multiple Intelligences (8)
Robert Sternberg
Triarchic theory; 3 intelligences (most widely accepted)
8 terms
Intelligence Theories
Galton
Binet & Simon
Spearman
Thurstone
Intelligence is acute senses, greater strength and faster rea…
measured abnormalities in intelligence and created the IQ
"g" factor
first to develop many different types of ability measurements
Galton
Intelligence is acute senses, greater strength and faster rea…
Binet & Simon
measured abnormalities in intelligence and created the IQ
12 terms
Intelligence Theories
Plato
Galton
Binet-Simon
Stanford-Binet
thought that people were born with certain abilities that mad…
studied various factors such as cranial size, muscular streng…
created a scale to measure intelligence of children that comp…
American IQ testing developed during WWs that measures the ra…
Plato
thought that people were born with certain abilities that mad…
Galton
studied various factors such as cranial size, muscular streng…
28 terms
Intelligence - theories
Intelligence
Difficult to define intelligence?
4 common elements - intelligence
Genetics VS environment - intelligence
Wechseler: intelligence is the aggregate of the individual to…
Because it is a hypothetical contrast that cannot be directly…
1. Ability to obtain knowledge ... 2. Ability to problem solve…
Genetics set the limits for intelligence and the environment…
Intelligence
Wechseler: intelligence is the aggregate of the individual to…
Difficult to define intelligence?
Because it is a hypothetical contrast that cannot be directly…
16 terms
Intelligence Theories
spearman
L.L Thurstone's
sternbergs
Gardner's
G factor inteligence
Primary mental abilities
Triarchic intelligence scale
Multiple intelligences
spearman
G factor inteligence
L.L Thurstone's
Primary mental abilities
14 terms
Intelligence & Theories
Binet
Terman
Weschler
Galton
Created a test for special ed kids to figure out if they were…
Stanford-Binet IQ test Americanized... ~tracking, ranking studen…
WPPSI... WISC... WAIS
Genetics, normal distribution
Binet
Created a test for special ed kids to figure out if they were…
Terman
Stanford-Binet IQ test Americanized... ~tracking, ranking studen…
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