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Study sets matching "theory of evolution biology"

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Study sets matching "theory of evolution biology"

47 terms
Biology Test- Theory of Evolution
evolution
Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin
HMS Beagle
process of change through time and suggests that existing for…
attempt to explain the similarities and differences among spe…
English naturalist; established evolutionary theory; 1st to u…
Darwin voyaged on the ________ as he preffered nature over me…
evolution
process of change through time and suggests that existing for…
Theory of Evolution
attempt to explain the similarities and differences among spe…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 16 Darwin's Theory of Evolution
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
A change in a species over time
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
evolution
A change in a species over time
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
10 terms
Biology Vocab "Theory of Evolution"
Adaptation
Ancestors
Common Descent
Evolution
Characteristic that makes an organism well suited for its env…
The organism from which later kind of evolved
Principle that all living organisms share a common ancestor
Change in an organisms overtime
Adaptation
Characteristic that makes an organism well suited for its env…
Ancestors
The organism from which later kind of evolved
45 terms
Biology the theory of evolution
Proposed the theory of spontaneous gen…
Also called abiogenesis, the idea that…
An Italian physician who did an experi…
Made and looked through simple microsc…
Aristotle 384-323bc
Spontaneous generation
Francesco Redi in 1668
Anton van Leeuwenhoek in 1674
Proposed the theory of spontaneous gen…
Aristotle 384-323bc
Also called abiogenesis, the idea that…
Spontaneous generation
20 terms
Biology Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Fossil
Extinction
Geological time scale
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
the state or process of a species, family, or larger group be…
a system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
Evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
Fossil
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
8 terms
Biology theory of evolution
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Darwin's finches
Population
A change in the genetic characteristics of a population over…
Galápagos Islands ... •DARWINS FINCHES... •one ancestral finch evol…
Beak size was an adaptation to weather ... •# of birds w differe…
All individuals of a species that live together in one place…
Evolution
A change in the genetic characteristics of a population over…
Charles Darwin
Galápagos Islands ... •DARWINS FINCHES... •one ancestral finch evol…
24 terms
Biology: The Theory of Evolution
Fossils
DNA/Biological Molecules
Homologous structures
Vestigial Structures
-bone imprints in rock... -full specimen of fossils preserved in…
-amino acids... -proteins... -RNA... -mitochondrial DNA
-Forelimb of bat, human, alligator, penguin ... -similar structu…
-functionless structures ... Ex: human appendix (we needed these…
Fossils
-bone imprints in rock... -full specimen of fossils preserved in…
DNA/Biological Molecules
-amino acids... -proteins... -RNA... -mitochondrial DNA
17 terms
Biology- Theory of Evolution
why does the fossil record show unequa…
what does biogeography tell us about e…
why is the theory of use and disuse no…
who was the first person to propose a…
mass extinction
all organisms in a species share a common ancestor
because acquired traits are not inheritable
jean baptiste lamarck proposed the theory of use and disuse
why does the fossil record show unequa…
mass extinction
what does biogeography tell us about e…
all organisms in a species share a common ancestor
26 terms
Biology- Theory of Evolution Vocabulary
What is a fossil?
What is a cast?
What is a mold?
What does the law of superposition sta…
the physical remains of once living things
a mold filled with minerals
an imprint that is created when a fossil forms in a rock
the oldest fossils can be found in the deepest layers of sedi…
What is a fossil?
the physical remains of once living things
What is a cast?
a mold filled with minerals
19 terms
Biology- Chapter 16 Darwin's Theory of Evolution
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
A change in a species over time
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
evolution
A change in a species over time
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
25 terms
Theory of Evolution-- Biology
theory
evolution
Georges Cuvier- catastrophism
James Hutton- father of modern geology
a well supported, testable explanation
a change in a species over several generations
animals that were destroyed were replaced by others migrating…
earth is dynamic, new rock continuously forms and erodes
theory
a well supported, testable explanation
evolution
a change in a species over several generations
20 terms
Biology theory of evolution
Evolution
Fossil
Extinction
Geologic time scale
The process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
The remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
An example of an organ or bone that appears in different anim…
A system of chronological measurement that relates stratigrap…
Evolution
The process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
Fossil
The remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
13 terms
Biology Evolution: Evidence and Theory
Evolution
_____ do not evolve
Species
Natural Selection
A change in species over time. The change of populations of o…
Individuals
A group of distinct organisms similar in structure and heredi…
A process by which organisms best suited to their environment…
Evolution
A change in species over time. The change of populations of o…
_____ do not evolve
Individuals
32 terms
Biology R Theory of Evolution - Chapter 16
Charles Darwin
Evolution
Theory
Species Vary Globally
1809-1882 English naturalist and scientist whose theory of ev…
Change over time
A well tested explanation using an integrated set of principl…
Darwin noticed that different, yet ecologically similar, anim…
Charles Darwin
1809-1882 English naturalist and scientist whose theory of ev…
Evolution
Change over time
9 terms
Biology Final - The Theory of Evolution
what was Charles Darwin's contribution…
what is the name of the book in which…
which of Darwins stops on the HMS Beag…
how did Hutton and Lyell influence Dar…
theory that species change over time
on the origin of species.
Galapagos Islands
Hutton and Lyell concluded that earth is very old and the pro…
what was Charles Darwin's contribution…
theory that species change over time
what is the name of the book in which…
on the origin of species.
54 terms
biology theory of evolution
hypothesis
theory
evolution
what did darwin suggest
educated guess
explanation supported by evidence
life changes over time
there was a struggle for existence among individuals
hypothesis
educated guess
theory
explanation supported by evidence
10 terms
Biology Vocab- Theory of Evolution
Adaptation
Ancestor
Common descent
Evolution
Characteristic that makes an organism well-suited for its env…
The organism from which later kinds evolved
Principle that all living things share a common ancestor
Change in an organism overtime
Adaptation
Characteristic that makes an organism well-suited for its env…
Ancestor
The organism from which later kinds evolved
10 terms
Theory of Evolution Biology
Adaptation
Ancestor
Common descent
Evolution
Characteristic that makes an organism well suited for its env…
The organism from which later kinds evolved
Principle that all living things share a common ancestor
Change in an organism over time
Adaptation
Characteristic that makes an organism well suited for its env…
Ancestor
The organism from which later kinds evolved
26 terms
Biology Chapter 15 - The Theory of Evolution
evolution
artificial selection
natural selection
mimicry
changes in populations over time
process of breeding organisms with specific traits in order t…
mechanisms for change in populations; occurs when organisms w…
structural adaptation that enables one species to resemble an…
evolution
changes in populations over time
artificial selection
process of breeding organisms with specific traits in order t…
13 terms
Biology - Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Fossil
Homologus
Vestigial
Change over time in a population
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
Same body Structure but diff. uses
once used structure/behavior but now is unused
Evolution
Change over time in a population
Fossil
A preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived i…
55 terms
Biology 15 theory of evolution
In the allelic frequency equation, wha…
In the allelic frequency equation, wha…
when frequency of alleles remains the…
T/F- a population in genetic equilibri…
A
a
genetic equilibrium
false, not
In the allelic frequency equation, wha…
A
In the allelic frequency equation, wha…
a
20 terms
Biology Theory of Evolution
Adaptation
Evolution
Fact
Fitness
A change or the process of change in an organism to help the…
The process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
A thing that is indisputably the case.
An organism's ability to survive and reproduce in a particula…
Adaptation
A change or the process of change in an organism to help the…
Evolution
The process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
25 terms
Biology theory of evolution
Adaption
Evolution
Natural selection
Population
the action or process of adapting or being adapted.
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
all the inhabitants of a particular town, area, or country.
Adaption
the action or process of adapting or being adapted.
Evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
12 terms
Biology: Chapter 13: The Theory of Evolution
population
natural selection
adaption
reproductive isolation
a group of organisms of the similar species that live in a sp…
the process by which individuals that have favorable variatio…
the process of becoming adapted to the environment, an anatom…
the inability of members of a population to successfully inte…
population
a group of organisms of the similar species that live in a sp…
natural selection
the process by which individuals that have favorable variatio…
21 terms
Biology Keystone Vocabulary B.3 - Theory of Evolution
allele frequency
analogous structure
competition
embryology
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genet…
a physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
when individuals or groups of organisms compete for similar,…
the branch of zoology studying the early development of livin…
allele frequency
The measure of the relative frequency of an allele at a genet…
analogous structure
a physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
26 terms
Biology 15: The theory of evolution
Charles Darwin
Darwin's journey
Darwin's studies
Evolution
Developed the theory of evolution by natural selection.
1831, HMD Beagle set sail from England on a 5 yr journey. ... He…
-John Gold Studied Darwin's collections of finches from Galap…
Changes that occur to groups of organisms over time.
Charles Darwin
Developed the theory of evolution by natural selection.
Darwin's journey
1831, HMD Beagle set sail from England on a 5 yr journey. ... He…
24 terms
Biology - Chapter 15 The Theory of Evolution
analogous structure
artificial selection
camouflage
embryo
structures that do not have a common evolutionary origin but…
process of breeding organisms with specific traits in order t…
structural adaptation that enable species to blend with their…
earliest stage of growth and development of both plants and a…
analogous structure
structures that do not have a common evolutionary origin but…
artificial selection
process of breeding organisms with specific traits in order t…
32 terms
biology theory of evolution
Who was Charles Darwin and what were h…
Hutton
Lyell
Lamarck
an English naturalist who sailed. The events on the trip lead…
Proposes that the earth is millions not thousands of years old
The processes shaping the earth are the same ones that shaped…
Published theory of organisms change over time, species desce…
Who was Charles Darwin and what were h…
an English naturalist who sailed. The events on the trip lead…
Hutton
Proposes that the earth is millions not thousands of years old
24 terms
Keystone - Biology Unit 7 Theory of Evolution
Allele Frequency
Analogous Structure
Competition
Embryology
How often an allele occurs in a population, its relative freq…
A physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
When individuals or groups of organisms compete for similar r…
The branch of zoology studying the early development of livin…
Allele Frequency
How often an allele occurs in a population, its relative freq…
Analogous Structure
A physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
24 terms
Biology theory of evolution
Evolution
Darwin idea of decent with modification?
13 finches evidence for decent with mo…
Natural selection
The development on new types of pre existing types of organis…
All living or exciting species had descended by reproduction…
13 similar species, each bird had a different beak best adopt…
Darwin theory that forces that could cause changes in organis…
Evolution
The development on new types of pre existing types of organis…
Darwin idea of decent with modification?
All living or exciting species had descended by reproduction…
13 terms
Biology-evolution theory
Evolution
Jean baptiste lamark1809
Charles Darwin
Ancestral species
Process of biological change by which descendents come differ…
Theorized that parts of the body used a lot become larger and…
Evolutionist that wrote the origin of species which focused b…
Species presently inhabiting earth before they adapted then w…
Evolution
Process of biological change by which descendents come differ…
Jean baptiste lamark1809
Theorized that parts of the body used a lot become larger and…
26 terms
Biology: Theory of Evolution & Classification
Development of new types of organisms…
Change in in characteristics within a…
What is Darwin's idea of descent with…
How does Darwin's observations of the…
Evolution
Heritable change
All species living must have descended by reproduction from p…
each of the bird species has a beak that is best adapted for…
Development of new types of organisms…
Evolution
Change in in characteristics within a…
Heritable change
29 terms
Biology: The Theory of Evolution
theory (in science)
natural selection
What does science describe?
What does religion describe?
a well-supported explanation that has various forms of evidence
individuals best suited for their environment will survive an…
the natural world (able to be explored using the five senses)
the supernatural world (cannot be explored using the five sen…
theory (in science)
a well-supported explanation that has various forms of evidence
natural selection
individuals best suited for their environment will survive an…
Biology Chapter 15- -->*THEORY*<-- of Evolution
What is the mechanism for Descent with…
HOMOLOGOUS Structures have similar ___…
HOMOLOHOUS Structures have different _…
Organisms with HOMOLOGOUS structures m…
Natural Selection
structures
functions
ancestor
What is the mechanism for Descent with…
Natural Selection
HOMOLOGOUS Structures have similar ___…
structures
28 terms
Biology: the theory of evolution
When was darwin born?
What year did darwin start his five ye…
What help influence darwins idea on ev…
Fossil evidence
Early 1800s
831. The ship was HMS Beagle
The Galapagos island
Change overtime
When was darwin born?
Early 1800s
What year did darwin start his five ye…
831. The ship was HMS Beagle
10 terms
AP Biology - Theories of Evolution
Aristotle
Charles Linnaeus
Cuvier
Hutton
Things were made the way they were; evolution did not occur.
Denied evolution, but began the classification system of orga…
Developed the study of fossils and concluded that natural cat…
Proposed the theory of gradualism: over time, organisms slowl…
Aristotle
Things were made the way they were; evolution did not occur.
Charles Linnaeus
Denied evolution, but began the classification system of orga…
10 terms
Biology - Theory of Evolution- Chapter 16 - Vocabulary
evolution
fossil
artificial selection
adaptation
the process of change over time
the preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
Selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
any heritable characteristic that increases an organism's abi…
evolution
the process of change over time
fossil
the preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms
25 terms
Theory of evolution biology study
Cladogram
tells traits that organisms share
Adaptation
Gradualism
A diagram the depicts evolutionary relationships among groups
What kind of information does a cladogram provide?tells trait…
heritage characteristic that increases an organism's ability…
the evolution of a species by gradual accumulation of small g…
Cladogram
A diagram the depicts evolutionary relationships among groups
tells traits that organisms share
What kind of information does a cladogram provide?tells trait…
31 terms
Biology Theory of evolution quiz
What is Evolution?
What did Charles Lyell do to help the…
What did Georges Cuvier do to help the…
What did Jean Baptiste Lamarck do to h…
It is the process of change in the inherited characteristics…
He wrote a book Principles of Geology which explains how geol…
He spent years reconstructing organisms from bones, he also n…
He proposed a hypothesis he calls: inheritance of acquired ch…
What is Evolution?
It is the process of change in the inherited characteristics…
What did Charles Lyell do to help the…
He wrote a book Principles of Geology which explains how geol…
31 terms
Biology: Theory of Evolution
Example of a vestigial structure
How are Natural Selection and Descent…
Homologous structures have similar what?
Homologous structures have different w…
Pelvic bones in a whale
In both some organisms are better adapted to the environment…
Structures
Functions
Example of a vestigial structure
Pelvic bones in a whale
How are Natural Selection and Descent…
In both some organisms are better adapted to the environment…
29 terms
Biology Exam- Theory of Evolution
The evolutionary process in which some…
The phrase "survival of the fittest" i…
Derwin's revolutuionary idea was descr…
One of Darwins observations that led t…
Natural selection
The organism must be able to produce offspring who successful…
All species are deeply connected by common ancestors
He found fossils of extinct animals that were different than…
The evolutionary process in which some…
Natural selection
The phrase "survival of the fittest" i…
The organism must be able to produce offspring who successful…
24 terms
Biology-Evolution and Theories
speciation
derived trait
disruptive selection
stabilizing selection
population must change and then be reproductively adapted
newly evolved feature
a process that splits a population into 2 groups
operates to eliminate extreme expressions of a trait when the…
speciation
population must change and then be reproductively adapted
derived trait
newly evolved feature
17 terms
Biology: Theory of Evolution
What is the theory of evolution by nat…
What did Epicurus believe?
What did Lucretius believe?
What did Lamarck believe?
When evolution occurs, changing organisms over time and desce…
Life is composed of tiny atoms; life changes over time
Fitness
Evolution by inheritance of acquired characteristics
What is the theory of evolution by nat…
When evolution occurs, changing organisms over time and desce…
What did Epicurus believe?
Life is composed of tiny atoms; life changes over time
20 terms
Biology theory evolution
Evolution
Fossil
Extinction
Geologic time scale
Change in the characterics of living things
Remains of a prehistoric organism
Species no longer living
System of chronological measurment
Evolution
Change in the characterics of living things
Fossil
Remains of a prehistoric organism
Advanced Biology - Theory of Evolution
evolution
why is evolution a theory?
'father of evolution'
what does HMS stand for
changes to an organism over time
it is not proven mathematically
charles darwin
her majesty's ship
evolution
changes to an organism over time
why is evolution a theory?
it is not proven mathematically
15 terms
Evolution Theory Biology
Specia
Verg
Vestig
Phyl
Sort
To incline
Trace, footsteps
Tribe, class
Specia
Sort
Verg
To incline
17 terms
Biology: evolution and theory
Evolution
Adaptation
Fitness
Acquired characters
Theory that species change over time
A current role in life of an organism that is maintained and…
A biological condition in which a competing varriant is incre…
A hypothesis that psychological changes acquired life of an o…
Evolution
Theory that species change over time
Adaptation
A current role in life of an organism that is maintained and…
7 terms
Theory of Evolution
analogous structures
comparative anatomy
comparative biochemistry
embryology
physical structures in different organisms that have similar…
the study of similar and different structures in organisms
the study of organisms' DNA sequences
the study of the early development of an organism
analogous structures
physical structures in different organisms that have similar…
comparative anatomy
the study of similar and different structures in organisms
Biology: evolution- people and theories
Aristotle
Linnaues
Charles Lyell
Cuvier
believed species were fixe creations arranged by their comple…
first person to group similar organisms and assign them by la…
-proposed uniformitarianism (geological processes at uniform…
-proposed species extinction (catastrophism)
Aristotle
believed species were fixe creations arranged by their comple…
Linnaues
first person to group similar organisms and assign them by la…
18 terms
Biology-The Theory of Evolution
name 3 properties of theories
define theory
What is the theory of evolution someti…
What was Lamar's theory? Explain it
explain data and observations, make predictions, and can be c…
represents ideas and explanations that have been confirmed th…
a unifying theory of biology (answers many questions and expl…
traits and features can be lost or gained based on the amount…
name 3 properties of theories
explain data and observations, make predictions, and can be c…
define theory
represents ideas and explanations that have been confirmed th…
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