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Study sets matching "theory of evolution"

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Study sets matching "theory of evolution"

7 terms
Theory of Evolution
analogous structures
comparative anatomy
comparative biochemistry
embryology
physical structures in different organisms that have similar…
the study of similar and different structures in organisms
the study of organisms' DNA sequences
the study of the early development of an organism
analogous structures
physical structures in different organisms that have similar…
comparative anatomy
the study of similar and different structures in organisms
15 terms
Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Adaptation
Trait
Natural Selection
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
A behavior or physical characteristic that enables an organis…
A genetically determined characteristic found in an organism'…
An evolutionary process by which favorable traits and charact…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Adaptation
A behavior or physical characteristic that enables an organis…
25 terms
Theory of Evolution
species
fossil
adaptation
evolution
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
21 terms
Theory of Evolution
Linnaeus
Malthus
Darwin
Darwin's evidence of evolution
Who developed the system of classifying organisms by assignin…
proposed the idea of studying humans as a group instead of in…
developed a scientific theory of biological evolution that ex…
fossils, finches on different islands had different types of…
Linnaeus
Who developed the system of classifying organisms by assignin…
Malthus
proposed the idea of studying humans as a group instead of in…
20 terms
Theory of Evolution
evolution
natural selection
adaptation
fitness
the development of new types of organisms from preexisting ty…
theory proposed by Darwin as the mechanism for descent with m…
a trait that makes an individual successful in its environmen…
a measure of an individual's hereditary contribution to the n…
evolution
the development of new types of organisms from preexisting ty…
natural selection
theory proposed by Darwin as the mechanism for descent with m…
Theory of Evolution
Pasteur's experiments
biogenesis
archaebacteria
chemosynthesis
proved that bad air cannot cause broth to decompose
living organisms come only from other living organisms
prokaryotic organisms that live in harsh environments
process of making glucose from chemicals rather than light en…
Pasteur's experiments
proved that bad air cannot cause broth to decompose
biogenesis
living organisms come only from other living organisms
18 terms
Theory of Evolution, The
evolution
natural selection
adaptation
fitness
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
a measurement of the ability of a species to respond to the p…
evolution
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
natural selection
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
14 terms
Theory of Evolution
Descent with Modification
Evolution
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
Use and Disuse
over many generations, favorable adaptations gradually increa…
Gradual change over time
Famous scientist know for "use it or lose it"
The more the body is used; the stronger it becomes.... Parts tha…
Descent with Modification
over many generations, favorable adaptations gradually increa…
Evolution
Gradual change over time
15 terms
Theory of Evolution
Homologous structures
Vestigial structures
Common ancestor
Charles Darwin
have a similar structure but NOT a similar function (example-…
Body parts that are not needed.
A shared relative.
Came up with idea of evolution-all living things have a commo…
Homologous structures
have a similar structure but NOT a similar function (example-…
Vestigial structures
Body parts that are not needed.
14 terms
Theory of Evolution
Descent with Modification
Evolution
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
Use and Disuse
over many generations, favorable adaptations gradually increa…
Gradual change over time
Famous scientist know for "use it or lose it"
The more the body is used; the stronger it becomes.... Parts tha…
Descent with Modification
over many generations, favorable adaptations gradually increa…
Evolution
Gradual change over time
30 terms
Theory of Evolution (ALL terms)
adaptation
allele frequency
fitness
gene pool
an inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chan…
the frequency of a specific allele in the gene pool
the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its en…
the total number of genes of every individual in an interbree…
adaptation
an inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chan…
allele frequency
the frequency of a specific allele in the gene pool
26 terms
Theory of Evolution
What type of evolution does homologous…
What type of evolution does analogous…
What is co-evolution?
What are homologous structures?
Divergent
Convergent
where two (or more) species reciprocally affect each other's…
means that organisms share a relatively common ancestors, sin…
What type of evolution does homologous…
Divergent
What type of evolution does analogous…
Convergent
33 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Fixity of species
Adaptation
Natural Selection
Adaptive Radiation
The notion that species, once created, can never change; an i…
Changes in physical structure, function, or behavior that all…
The most critical mechanism of evolutionary change, first des…
The diversification of an ancestral group of organisms into n…
Fixity of species
The notion that species, once created, can never change; an i…
Adaptation
Changes in physical structure, function, or behavior that all…
10 terms
Theory of Evolution
evolution
adaptation
Artificial selection
biodeversity
The process through which species change over time
- A characteristic, a behavior, or any inherited trait that…
A process where humans produce a new breed of animal over a p…
The number and variety of living things found on Earth or wit…
evolution
The process through which species change over time
adaptation
- A characteristic, a behavior, or any inherited trait that…
29 terms
Theory of Evolution
Natural Selection
Natural Selection
Competition
Speciation
--Darwin's proposal... --Organisms that are best adapted to thei…
Survival of the Fittest
--Struggle for existence (to get resources)... --Only so many re…
Descent with Modification
Natural Selection
--Darwin's proposal... --Organisms that are best adapted to thei…
Natural Selection
Survival of the Fittest
Theory of Evolution
Cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
Evolution
Natural selection
C6 H12 06+602 to 6CO2+6H20
6CO2+6H20 to C6 H12 06+602
The change in allele frequencies over time that results in ne…
The process in which alleles for trait that give an advantage…
Cellular respiration
C6 H12 06+602 to 6CO2+6H20
Photosynthesis
6CO2+6H20 to C6 H12 06+602
24 terms
Theory of Evolution
evolution
microevolution
macroevolution
phylogeny
scientific theory stating that species change gradually over…
Change in genetic makeup of a population from generation to g…
Change in genetic makeup of related species over a long perio…
how species and groups of species are related through evolution
evolution
scientific theory stating that species change gradually over…
microevolution
Change in genetic makeup of a population from generation to g…
27 terms
Theory of Evolution
Allele Frequency
Analogous Structure
Evolution
Genetic Evolution
Measure of the relative frequency of an allele in a populatio…
A physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
Process in which new species develop from preexisting species.
Change in the allele frequency in a population over time.
Allele Frequency
Measure of the relative frequency of an allele in a populatio…
Analogous Structure
A physical structure, present in multiple species, that is si…
106 terms
Theory of Evolution
Coevolution
Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
It describes cases where two or more species affect each othe…
Any kind of change in heritable traits within a population ac…
A smaller evolutionary change (that typically describe as cha…
The focus on change that occurs either at or above the level…
Coevolution
It describes cases where two or more species affect each othe…
Evolution
Any kind of change in heritable traits within a population ac…
9 terms
Theory of evolution
Adaptation
natural selection
genotype
mutation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Natural Selection A natural process resulting in the evolutio…
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
A change in a gene or chromosome.
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
natural selection
Natural Selection A natural process resulting in the evolutio…
30 terms
Theory of Evolution
Fossil
Acquired trait
Natural selection
Population
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
a trait influenced by experience or the environment.
a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
Fossil
the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that exis…
Acquired trait
a trait influenced by experience or the environment.
106 terms
Theory of Evolution
Coevolution
Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
It describes cases where two or more species affect each othe…
Any kind of change in heritable traits within a population ac…
A smaller evolutionary change (that typically describe as cha…
The focus on change that occurs either at or above the level…
Coevolution
It describes cases where two or more species affect each othe…
Evolution
Any kind of change in heritable traits within a population ac…
9 terms
Theory Of Evolution
Charles Darwin
Theory Of Natural Selection
Variation
Natural Selections
He was an naturalist who studied plants, and animals by makin…
Based on Charles Darwin observations, while studying animals…
Darwin noticed that the animals were slightly different from…
It's the process by which an organism with favorable outcomes…
Charles Darwin
He was an naturalist who studied plants, and animals by makin…
Theory Of Natural Selection
Based on Charles Darwin observations, while studying animals…
17 terms
The Theory Of Evolution
population
natural selection
adaptation
reproductive isolation
consists of all the individuals of a species that live in a s…
differential rate of reproduction
an inherited trait that has become common in a population bec…
the condition in which two populations of the same species do…
population
consists of all the individuals of a species that live in a s…
natural selection
differential rate of reproduction
14 terms
Theory of evolution
evolution
theory
fossil
fitness
is the process where modern organisms have descended from anc…
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena events tha…
...the preserved remains of ancient organism
...the ability for an organism to survive and reproduce in it…
evolution
is the process where modern organisms have descended from anc…
theory
a well supported testable explanation of phenomena events tha…
12 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Population
Natural selection
adaptation
reproductive isolation
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Separation of species or populations so that they cannot inte…
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Natural selection
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
35 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Biological Evolution
Jean Baptiste de Lamarck
Charles Darwin
orderly succession of changes in a population's genetic mater…
the change of population of organism over generations
Had the hypothesis that acquired traits are passed down to of…
proposed the hypothesis that species were modified by natural…
Evolution
orderly succession of changes in a population's genetic mater…
Biological Evolution
the change of population of organism over generations
11 terms
THEORY OF EVOLUTION
Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Fossils
Adaptation
Charles Darwin - formulated the scientific theory of evolutio…
Biological Descent with Modification (Genetic Inheritance wit…
Evidence of past life, usually in the form of a bone, shell,…
An organism's ability to make changes at a genetic level (tra…
Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin - formulated the scientific theory of evolutio…
Evolution
Biological Descent with Modification (Genetic Inheritance wit…
11 terms
Theory of Evolution
Animals
Classification/taxonomy
Convergent boundary
Divergent boundary
a multicellular organism of the kingdom Animalia characterize…
the grouping of organisms in an ordered system that indicates…
the boundary formed by the collision of two tectonic plates
the boundary formed when two tectonic plates move away from e…
Animals
a multicellular organism of the kingdom Animalia characterize…
Classification/taxonomy
the grouping of organisms in an ordered system that indicates…
17 terms
Theory of Evolution
evolution
adaptation
fitness
natural selection
change over time
any heritable characteristic that increases an organism's abi…
describes how well an organism can survive and reproduce in i…
is the process by which organisms with variations most suited…
evolution
change over time
adaptation
any heritable characteristic that increases an organism's abi…
14 terms
Theory of Evolution
evolution
variation
strata
natural selcetion
the change over time
a difference in a physical trait of an individual from those…
layers of rock
the theory to explain the mechanism of evolution
evolution
the change over time
variation
a difference in a physical trait of an individual from those…
10 terms
theory of evolution
adaption
variation
fitness
natural selection
a trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
any difference between individuals of the same species
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its enviro…
a process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
adaption
a trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
variation
any difference between individuals of the same species
10 terms
Theory of Evolution
natural selection
fossil record
mutation
Charles Darwin
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
Chronological collection of life's remains in sedimentary roc…
(biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from…
Creator of the theory of evolution by natural selection
natural selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
fossil record
Chronological collection of life's remains in sedimentary roc…
11 terms
Theory of Evolution
common descent
natural selection
descent with modification
survival of the fittest
the principle that all species were derived from common ances…
it leads to an increase in a species fitness
living species descend with changes from other species
faster, stronger, smarter species
common descent
the principle that all species were derived from common ances…
natural selection
it leads to an increase in a species fitness
29 terms
Theory Of Evolution
Suppose that you are a zoologist study…
Giraffes evolved to have long necks. H…
Evolution
Adaptation
-Competition for food ... -divergent evolution ... -adaptive radiat…
Darwin: descent with modification, genetic variation, differe…
is the development of new type of organisms from preexisting…
Traits that make an individual successful in an environment .
Suppose that you are a zoologist study…
-Competition for food ... -divergent evolution ... -adaptive radiat…
Giraffes evolved to have long necks. H…
Darwin: descent with modification, genetic variation, differe…
14 terms
Theory Of Evolution
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Artificial Selection
The process where modern organisms have descended from ancien…
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena (Events) t…
The preserved organisms of ancient organisms.
Where nature provided the variation and human selected the va…
Evolution
The process where modern organisms have descended from ancien…
Theory
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena (Events) t…
11 terms
Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Adaptation
Fitness
Natural Selection
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
a change or the process of change by which an organism or spe…
an organism's ability to survive and reproduce in a particula…
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
Evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
Adaptation
a change or the process of change by which an organism or spe…
22 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Jean Baptist Lamarck ... (1744-1829)
Charles Darwin
Darwin Vs Lamarck
Natural Selection
- One of the first to propose a theory of evolution... - Based t…
-attended medical school and studied clergy... - hired as a natu…
- Both agree that modern organisms are modified versions of o…
1.All populations contain variation- individuals are differen…
Jean Baptist Lamarck ... (1744-1829)
- One of the first to propose a theory of evolution... - Based t…
Charles Darwin
-attended medical school and studied clergy... - hired as a natu…
28 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Artificial selection
Natural Selection
Process of change over time
Galapagos islands; naturalist on HMS
Only individuals with a desirable are allowed to mate and pro…
1. Organisms produce more offspring that can survive - there…
Evolution
Process of change over time
Charles Darwin
Galapagos islands; naturalist on HMS
11 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Adaptation
Species
Natural
Overproduction
a characteristic trait that helps an organism survive and rep…
a group of similar organisms that can mate with each other an…
When a favorable traits help a species survive so they can re…
More individuals are produced that can survive.
Adaptation
a characteristic trait that helps an organism survive and rep…
Species
a group of similar organisms that can mate with each other an…
29 terms
Theory of Evolution
evolution
homologous structures
vestigial structures
analogous structures
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnant of a structure that may have had an important functio…
similarities among unrelated species that result from converg…
evolution
change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
homologous structures
Structures in different species that are similar because of c…
Theory of Evolution
Homologous Structures
Vestigial Structures
Structural Adaptations
Macroevolution
Similar body structures such as bones and organs suggest comm…
Structures with no parent function in the living organism. Ex…
Organisms who use either mimicry or camouflage to help them s…
Major evolutionary changes to a species.
Homologous Structures
Similar body structures such as bones and organs suggest comm…
Vestigial Structures
Structures with no parent function in the living organism. Ex…
19 terms
Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Strata
Natural Selection
Adaptation
The development of new types of organisms from preexisting ty…
Layers of rock
The process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
The process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
Evolution
The development of new types of organisms from preexisting ty…
Strata
Layers of rock
42 terms
the theory of evolution
evolution
natural selection
five points of evidence for evolution
adaptations
gradual change in a species through adaptations
organism with traits well suited to an environment are more l…
1. adaptations... 2. fossil records... 3. comparative anatomy... 4. em…
structure or behavior that helps an organism better survive i…
evolution
gradual change in a species through adaptations
natural selection
organism with traits well suited to an environment are more l…
12 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Population
Natural Selection
Adaption
Reproductive Isolation
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Separation of species or populations so that they cannot inte…
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
8 terms
The Theory of Evolution
Natural Selection
Genetic Variation
Homologous Structure
Phenotype
is one of the basic mechanisms of evolution, along with mutat…
Genetic variation can refer to differences between individual…
is an example of an organ or bone that appears in different a…
is an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye col…
Natural Selection
is one of the basic mechanisms of evolution, along with mutat…
Genetic Variation
Genetic variation can refer to differences between individual…
14 terms
The Theory Of Evolution
Evolution
Theory
Fossil
Artificial Selection
Is the process where modern organisms have descended from anc…
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena (events) t…
The preserved remains of ancient organisms.
Where nature provided the variation and humans selected the v…
Evolution
Is the process where modern organisms have descended from anc…
Theory
A well-supported testable explanation of phenomena (events) t…
12 terms
Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin
HMS Beagle
Galápagos Islands
Evidence of Evolution (in the Galápago…
Darwin's important observations included the diversity of liv…
The boat that Charles Darwin sailed on. It took Charles aroun…
It is the most important part of Darwin's studies. It had a d…
Are:... - Comparisons to South American organisms... - Comparisons…
Charles Darwin
Darwin's important observations included the diversity of liv…
HMS Beagle
The boat that Charles Darwin sailed on. It took Charles aroun…
13 terms
Theory of Evolution
Convergent Evolution
Extinct
Gradualism
Homologous structures
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
term used to refer to a species that has died out and has no…
the evolution of a species by gradual accumulation of small g…
structures that are similar in different species of common an…
Convergent Evolution
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
Extinct
term used to refer to a species that has died out and has no…
34 terms
Theory of Evolution
Evolution
Expedition
HMS Beagle
How long was the HMS Beagle's Voyage?
any change in the heritable traits within a population across…
a trip
Charles Darwin's ship
5 years
Evolution
any change in the heritable traits within a population across…
Expedition
a trip
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