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Study sets matching "therapeutics exam 2"

215 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
T/F: ethanol tends to lower HDL choles…
T/F: diets high in complex carbs tend…
T/F: diets high in simple sugars tend…
What has been promoted for decreasing…
F
T
T
CoQ10
T/F: ethanol tends to lower HDL choles…
F
T/F: diets high in complex carbs tend…
T
145 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Impetigo etiology
Impetigo treatment
Antibiotic therapy for Impetigo
Penicillin
Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) ... Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA)
-may resolve spontaeously, cleanse with warm water... -goals of…
-Diclocacillin: every 6 hours, short half life... -Cephalexin: e…
-drug of choise for GAS, every 6 hour dosing... -has NO activity…
Impetigo etiology
Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) ... Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA)
Impetigo treatment
-may resolve spontaeously, cleanse with warm water... -goals of…
186 terms
therapeutics exam 2
chapter 31 skin integrity and wound care
functions of the skin
which one of the following types of wo…
types of wounds
...
-protection... -body temperature regulation... -psychosocial... -sensa…
contusion
-intentional/unintentional... -open/closed... -acute/chronic... -parti…
chapter 31 skin integrity and wound care
...
functions of the skin
-protection... -body temperature regulation... -psychosocial... -sensa…
247 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
thrombus helps to
embolus
pulmonary embolism and cardio-embolic…
hemostasis is a process
heal vascular injury.
a thrombus clot that has broken off to go somewhere else.
2 main embolism diseases. clot broke off and went to the lung…
where if there is injury to the vessel, this system is activa…
thrombus helps to
heal vascular injury.
embolus
a thrombus clot that has broken off to go somewhere else.
29 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
This is a type of penicillin which has…
This is an oral cephalosporin with fre…
This is the drug which is used when th…
This topical drug is used topically to…
Dicloxacillin
Cephalexin
Clindamycin
Retapamulin
This is a type of penicillin which has…
Dicloxacillin
This is an oral cephalosporin with fre…
Cephalexin
26 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2 Review
Select all that apply. Which of the fo…
Insulin is produced by pancreatic ____…
Which of the following pancreas hormon…
Type 2 Diabetes develops __________ ye…
A, B, D. Refer to Slide 14 in Diabetes 1 Lecture. Patient mus…
Beta
D- Refer to Slide 32 in Diabetes 1 Lecture.
5-7 years. Refer to Slide 45 in Diabetes 1 Lecture.
Select all that apply. Which of the fo…
A, B, D. Refer to Slide 14 in Diabetes 1 Lecture. Patient mus…
Insulin is produced by pancreatic ____…
Beta
128 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Low
Moderate
High
Highest
VTE Risk level with 0-1 points, no prophylaxis recommended, b…
VTE Risk level with 10-20% incidence of DVT, recommended trea…
VTE Risk level with 20-35% incidence of DVT, recommended trea…
VTE Risk level with 40-80% incidence of DVT, recommendations…
Low
VTE Risk level with 0-1 points, no prophylaxis recommended, b…
Moderate
VTE Risk level with 10-20% incidence of DVT, recommended trea…
67 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
cardiac cell is blank charged on the i…
when cardiac cells contract, they come…
path of the conduction system
overall direction of the conduction sy…
negatively.... positively
positive..... depolarization
SA Node --> AV node --> bundle of his --> bundle branches -->…
from right shoulder to left leg
cardiac cell is blank charged on the i…
negatively.... positively
when cardiac cells contract, they come…
positive..... depolarization
136 terms
Therapeutics exam 2
What is the ACOG and what do they advo…
what is the most commonly used contrac…
what are other reasons besides contrac…
what is the difference b/t typical and…
the american college of obstetricians and gynecologists ... - t…
- COC... - followed closely by tubal sterilization... - then the co…
Other reasons for using OC?... 1. Menstrual pain... 2. Menstrua…
- How people will typically use the medication, not perfect a…
What is the ACOG and what do they advo…
the american college of obstetricians and gynecologists ... - t…
what is the most commonly used contrac…
- COC... - followed closely by tubal sterilization... - then the co…
187 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2 Review
What are the most frequent toxologic e…
Epidemiology related to PCC calls
What are the important aspects of the…
What are the important PE consideratio…
- analgesics... - hypnotics... - antipsychotics... - antidepressants... -…
- 49% involve children... - 80% are unintentional... - 10% are rela…
- time... - quantity... - strength... - coingestants... - formulation... - p…
- vitals ... - neuro (MS, seizures, reflexes, pupils, clonus)... -…
What are the most frequent toxologic e…
- analgesics... - hypnotics... - antipsychotics... - antidepressants... -…
Epidemiology related to PCC calls
- 49% involve children... - 80% are unintentional... - 10% are rela…
40 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Hand OA Tx
Hip OA Tx
Knee OA Tx
RA 1st Tier Tx
- Use single agent; If ineffective combination therapy... 1. APA…
- Use one of the following... 1. APAP... 2. Oral NSAIDs... 3. Tramadol…
-Use one of the following... 1. APAP... 2. Oral/Topical NSAIDs... 3. T…
Non-Biologics... 1. Hydroxychloroquine... 2. MTX (7.5-15 mg PO…
Hand OA Tx
- Use single agent; If ineffective combination therapy... 1. APA…
Hip OA Tx
- Use one of the following... 1. APAP... 2. Oral NSAIDs... 3. Tramadol…
119 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
What is accuracy?
What is precision?
What is the sensitivity?
What is the specificity?
how close a measurement is to its true value... -hitting the tar…
how well a result can be reproduced... -hitting the target in th…
rate of true positives
rate of the true negatives
What is accuracy?
how close a measurement is to its true value... -hitting the tar…
What is precision?
how well a result can be reproduced... -hitting the target in th…
92 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
4 tests that measure Liver Synthetic C…
Which drugs are suspected to cause the…
Which drugs are suspected to cause the…
Which drugs are suspected to cause the…
1. Albumin... 2. Prealbumin... 3. Total protein... 4. Prothrombin time
Hepatocellular--> APAP, NSAIDs, Statins
Mixed--> Carbamazepine, Phenytoin, Bactrim
Cholestatic--> Erythromycins, estrogens, terbafine
4 tests that measure Liver Synthetic C…
1. Albumin... 2. Prealbumin... 3. Total protein... 4. Prothrombin time
Which drugs are suspected to cause the…
Hepatocellular--> APAP, NSAIDs, Statins
193 terms
therapeutics exam 2
hyperthyroidism
decreased
increased
thionamides
graves' disease
hyperthyroidism TSH levels are...
hyperthyroidism FT4/FT3 levels are...
antithyroid medications
hyperthyroidism
graves' disease
decreased
hyperthyroidism TSH levels are...
112 terms
Therapeutics exam 2
10-20mg vitamin K... 0.4mg/day folic acid
Less than 37 weeks
Tocolytic therapy
NSAIDs at 32 weeks of pregnancy
Pregnant epileptic women on anti epiletic meds med. requireme…
Preterm labor
Prolongation of labor with Mg and terbutaline, dihydropyridine
Can cause heart duct in infant to close too early
10-20mg vitamin K... 0.4mg/day folic acid
Pregnant epileptic women on anti epiletic meds med. requireme…
Less than 37 weeks
Preterm labor
465 terms
Therapeutics I Exam 2
PD prevalence
PD onset
PD male to female
PD positive associations
1 in 1000 in 6th + decade
60s
2:1
Rural living... Well water... Industrial toxins
PD prevalence
1 in 1000 in 6th + decade
PD onset
60s
54 terms
therapeutics 845 exam 2
drugs that affect preload
drugs that affect afterload
tolvaptan & conivaptan
HCTZ dose
-diuretics... -vasodilators... -organic nitrates... -RAAS inhibitors
-organic nitrates... -hydralazine... -RAAS inhibitors
vasopressin (ADH) antagonists
-initial: 25 mg/day... -max: 50 mg/day
drugs that affect preload
-diuretics... -vasodilators... -organic nitrates... -RAAS inhibitors
drugs that affect afterload
-organic nitrates... -hydralazine... -RAAS inhibitors
187 terms
Acupuncture Therapeutics: Exam 2
Hand Tai Yin Lung Channel: Jing-Well
Hand Tai Yin Lung Channel: Ying-Spring
Hand Tai Yin Lung Channel: Shu-Stream
Hand Tai Yin Lung Channel: Jing-River
L-11
L-10
L-9
L-8
Hand Tai Yin Lung Channel: Jing-Well
L-11
Hand Tai Yin Lung Channel: Ying-Spring
L-10
154 terms
Therapeutics II Exam 2
Is BP arterial, venous, or both?
MAP=
MAP use
Normal MAP
Arterial BP
1/3 SBP + 2/3 DBP
Used more in hospital... Perfusion pressure
70-110
Is BP arterial, venous, or both?
Arterial BP
MAP=
1/3 SBP + 2/3 DBP
449 terms
Therapeutics VI Exam 2
SCZ: Etiology... -Genetics
SCZ: Etiology... -Neurodevelopmental Model
SCZ: Pathophys... -Structural Abnormalities
SCZ: Pathophys... -Nigrostriatal Dopamine…
1° Relative: ↑10x risk... 2° Relative: ↑3x risk... Both parents: 40…
-In utero disturbance: neonatal hypoxia, influenza/infection,…
Enlarged ventricles... Reduced total brain volume
Extrapyramidal movement
SCZ: Etiology... -Genetics
1° Relative: ↑10x risk... 2° Relative: ↑3x risk... Both parents: 40…
SCZ: Etiology... -Neurodevelopmental Model
-In utero disturbance: neonatal hypoxia, influenza/infection,…
46 terms
Exam 2: Tuberculosis Therapeutics
What is the leading cause of death in…
prevalence of TB in US has declined in…
what causes TB?
staining of MTB
TB
persons born outside US
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)
-weakly gram pos bacilus or colorless rods or "ghosts"... -acid…
What is the leading cause of death in…
TB
prevalence of TB in US has declined in…
persons born outside US
142 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Pathophysiology of Glaucoma
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma vs. Closed…
Risk Factors for Glaucoma
Medications that can caused open angle…
Glaucoma is a group of ocular diseases that results in optic…
Open Angle Glaucoma... - progressive... - asymptomatic ... - may prese…
1. Family history of glaucoma... 2. Increased IOP... 3. Age >60 and…
1. ophthalmic corticosteroids... 2. systemic corticosteroids... 3.…
Pathophysiology of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a group of ocular diseases that results in optic…
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma vs. Closed…
Open Angle Glaucoma... - progressive... - asymptomatic ... - may prese…
113 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: Antibiotics
8 steps in management of antibiotics
bacteria found in infections of the mo…
bacteria found in skin/soft tissue inf…
bacteria found in bone and joint infec…
1.Patient information... 2. Information about the disease (cause…
peptocococcus... peptostreptococcus... actinomyces... (gram +)
S. aureus... S. pyogenes... S. epidermidis... Pasteurella (animal bite…
S. aureus... S. epidermidis... Streptococci... N. gonorrhoeae (gram -)…
8 steps in management of antibiotics
1.Patient information... 2. Information about the disease (cause…
bacteria found in infections of the mo…
peptocococcus... peptostreptococcus... actinomyces... (gram +)
452 terms
Therapeutics VI Exam 2
SCZ: Etiology... -Genetics
SCZ: Etiology... -Neurodevelopmental Model
SCZ: Pathophys... -Structural Abnormalities
SCZ: Pathophys... -Nigrostriatal Dopamine…
1° Relative: ↑10x risk... 2° Relative: ↑3x risk... Both parents: 40…
-In utero disturbance: neonatal hypoxia, influenza/infection,…
Enlarged ventricles... Reduced total brain volume
Extrapyramidal movement
SCZ: Etiology... -Genetics
1° Relative: ↑10x risk... 2° Relative: ↑3x risk... Both parents: 40…
SCZ: Etiology... -Neurodevelopmental Model
-In utero disturbance: neonatal hypoxia, influenza/infection,…
37 terms
Exam 2 therapeutics
Coronary artery disease risk factors
Acute coronary syndrome: what do you n…
STEMI... NON-STEMI... ANGINA... for biomarkers…
What can mediate sudden cardiac death?
Age, family history, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, sm…
Non-STEMI and unstable angina are combined: Troponins are mor…
STEMI: Biomarkers & ST elevation... NON-STEMI: Biomarkers & ST d…
Ischemic or arrythmyia mediated; SCD is usually ventricular f…
Coronary artery disease risk factors
Age, family history, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, sm…
Acute coronary syndrome: what do you n…
Non-STEMI and unstable angina are combined: Troponins are mor…
58 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: Endocarditis
Risk factors
clinical signs/symptoms
acute clinical presentation
subacute clinical presentation
Any heart issues/alterations... previous endocarditis... IVDU... chron…
Fever (>38)... Chills... Night sweats... weakness ... weight loss... nausea/…
toxic... progressive valve dysfunction... metastatic infection... most…
mild toxicity... presentation over weeks/months... rarely leads to…
Risk factors
Any heart issues/alterations... previous endocarditis... IVDU... chron…
clinical signs/symptoms
Fever (>38)... Chills... Night sweats... weakness ... weight loss... nausea/…
58 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: UTIs
uncomplicated UTIs
complicated UTIs
Asymptomatic bacteriuria
symptomatic abacteriuria or acute uret…
those who lack structural or functional abnormalities... usually…
females >50 yrs... men... pregnant females... structural abnormality…
common in those >/= 65 yrs ... absence of symptoms but presence…
symptoms of frequency and dysuria in the absence of bacteriur…
uncomplicated UTIs
those who lack structural or functional abnormalities... usually…
complicated UTIs
females >50 yrs... men... pregnant females... structural abnormality…
146 terms
therapeutics exam 2
what drug causes cough?
acute, subacute, and chronic cough
Exclusions for cough
non-pharmacologic
ace inhibitors
- acute = less than 3 weeks ... - subacute = 3-8 weeks ... - chroni…
- age < 4 years ... - history of chronic disease where symptoms…
lozenges, vaporizers/humidifiers
what drug causes cough?
ace inhibitors
acute, subacute, and chronic cough
- acute = less than 3 weeks ... - subacute = 3-8 weeks ... - chroni…
115 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: Hyperlipidemia
C-reactive Protein levels <1
C-reactive Protein levels of 1-3
C-reactive protein levels >3
C-reactive protein levels >10
low risk of CAD
normal
high risk (increased risk for CAD)
Very high risk (infection, trauma, inflammation)
C-reactive Protein levels <1
low risk of CAD
C-reactive Protein levels of 1-3
normal
220 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
contraction of muscle
electrical impulse
electrophysiology
direction of cardiac impulse
associated with electrical changes
wave of depolarization/picked up by placing electrodes on pat…
sinoatrial node, atrioventricular node, bundle of his, bundle…
goes from sinus node at base straight through heart to apex
contraction of muscle
associated with electrical changes
electrical impulse
wave of depolarization/picked up by placing electrodes on pat…
40 terms
Therapeutics exam 2
Oxybutynin... Ditropan
Tolterodine... Detrol
Fesoterodine... Toviaz
Trospium... Sanctura
Non selective anticholinergic
Non selective anticholinergic... **2-4mg qd
Non selective anticholinergic
Non selective anticholinergic
Oxybutynin... Ditropan
Non selective anticholinergic
Tolterodine... Detrol
Non selective anticholinergic... **2-4mg qd
60 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Donepezil
Carbamazepine, Valproate, Lamotrigine
Naltrexone
Clozapine, Typical and Atypical Antips…
Aricept... MOA: Cholinesterase inhibitors ... Indication: Dementia…
Tegretol, Depakote, Lamictal... Indication: Seizures, Rett Syndr…
Revia... Indication: ID... Dose: 1-2mg/kg/day
used for ID
Donepezil
Aricept... MOA: Cholinesterase inhibitors ... Indication: Dementia…
Carbamazepine, Valproate, Lamotrigine
Tegretol, Depakote, Lamictal... Indication: Seizures, Rett Syndr…
Therapeutics Exam 2
Valproic acid
Carbamazepine
Phenytoin
Fosphenytoin
- Enzyme inhibitor... - High protein binding... - Weight gain... - Alo…
- enzyme inducer... - auto inducer... - SIADH... - aplastic anemia... - A…
- enzyme inducer... - 0 order!... - AHS/DRESS... - somnolence... - horizo…
- prodrug of phenytoin ... - phlebitis (rare)... - dosed in phenyto…
Valproic acid
- Enzyme inhibitor... - High protein binding... - Weight gain... - Alo…
Carbamazepine
- enzyme inducer... - auto inducer... - SIADH... - aplastic anemia... - A…
113 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
penicillin adverse effects
carbapenem is not active against
carbapenem mechanism of action
hydrolyzed by dehydropeptidase 1 (give…
-allergic rxn... -acute anaphylaxis... -superinfection with C. diff…
MRSA
bind to PBP 1/2... small size enters gram -
carbapenem
penicillin adverse effects
-allergic rxn... -acute anaphylaxis... -superinfection with C. diff…
carbapenem is not active against
MRSA
129 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Low
Moderate
High
Highest
VTE Risk level with 0-1 points, no prophylaxis recommended, b…
VTE Risk level with 10-20% incidence of DVT, recommended trea…
VTE Risk level with 20-35% incidence of DVT, recommended trea…
VTE Risk level with 40-80% incidence of DVT, recommendations…
Low
VTE Risk level with 0-1 points, no prophylaxis recommended, b…
Moderate
VTE Risk level with 10-20% incidence of DVT, recommended trea…
59 terms
Therapeutics exam 2
Hypoxia
Hypoxemia
5g%
Increased RBC production
Inadequate level of tissue oxygenation needed for cellular me…
Abnormally low arterial oxygen tension pao2
Cyanosis is expected when normal Hb is reduced by
Polycythemia an be the result of chronic htpoxemia and is oft…
Hypoxia
Inadequate level of tissue oxygenation needed for cellular me…
Hypoxemia
Abnormally low arterial oxygen tension pao2
118 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: Hypertension
Drugs that can worsen HTN
Herbals that can worsen HTN
food that can worsen HTN
major cardio risk factors
Tacrolimus... Corticosteroids... erythropoietin... NSAIDs... Testosterone…
St. Johns wort... ephedra... ginseng... devils claw... licorice... bitter or…
sodium... ethanol... licorice
HTN (on meds)... Tobacco use, particularly cigarettes... Obesity (B…
Drugs that can worsen HTN
Tacrolimus... Corticosteroids... erythropoietin... NSAIDs... Testosterone…
Herbals that can worsen HTN
St. Johns wort... ephedra... ginseng... devils claw... licorice... bitter or…
120 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Garlic uses/efficacy/safety
Garlic ADRs
Garlic Interactions
Fish oil uses/efficacy/safety
Hypertension and hyperlipidemia, modest effect likely safe
bad breath, GI burning
blood thinners, HIV meds, cyp3A4 substrates
Lower triglycerides, may lower 20-50%, safe
Garlic uses/efficacy/safety
Hypertension and hyperlipidemia, modest effect likely safe
Garlic ADRs
bad breath, GI burning
39 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: Thyroid
TSH lab value range
TT3 lab value range
TT4 lab value range
signs/symptoms of hyperthyroidism
0.5-4.5 mIU/L
75-200 ng/dL
4.5-11.5 ug/dL
hyper-activity... weight loss... sweating... tremors... oily skin and hai…
TSH lab value range
0.5-4.5 mIU/L
TT3 lab value range
75-200 ng/dL
77 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Depression Diagnostic Confounders: Meds
Depression Diagnostic Confounders: Dis…
Depression 1st Line Therapy Types
Depression 2nd Line Therapy Types
Anti-epileptics, Interferons, Corticosteroids, Varenicline, R…
Hypothyroidism, Anemia, Electrolyte Imbalance (Na, Ca), Cance…
SSRI, SNRI, Atypical Antidepressants, Serotonin Modulators
TCAs, MAOIs
Depression Diagnostic Confounders: Meds
Anti-epileptics, Interferons, Corticosteroids, Varenicline, R…
Depression Diagnostic Confounders: Dis…
Hypothyroidism, Anemia, Electrolyte Imbalance (Na, Ca), Cance…
95 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
impetigo
impetigo
penicillin
penicillin VK
-therapy needs to target MSSA and GAS... -5-7 days of therapy
-dicloxacillin... -cephalexin... -clindamycin... -mupirocin/retapamulin
what is the drug of choice for treating GAS?
what does not work for MSSA?
impetigo
-therapy needs to target MSSA and GAS... -5-7 days of therapy
impetigo
-dicloxacillin... -cephalexin... -clindamycin... -mupirocin/retapamulin
16 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Strep Salivarius
Strep Bovis
Strep Pneumo
Strep agalactiae
Poor oral hygiene
Stage 4 colon cancer
Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes
Chronic allergic dermatitis
Strep Salivarius
Poor oral hygiene
Strep Bovis
Stage 4 colon cancer
93 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
contusion
abrasion
laceration
avulsion
type of wound caused by a blunt instrument that causes injury…
type of wound caused by friction and rubbing or scraping epid…
type of wound caused by blunt or irregular instrument, tearin…
type of wound, tearing a structure from normal anatomic posit…
contusion
type of wound caused by a blunt instrument that causes injury…
abrasion
type of wound caused by friction and rubbing or scraping epid…
25 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
glipizide
glyburide
glimiperide
nateglinide
sulfonylureas
sulfonylureas
sulfonylureas
-glinides
glipizide
sulfonylureas
glyburide
sulfonylureas
85 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Hydroxychloroquine
Chloroquine
Prednisone low
Prednisone high
Plaquenil... Quineprox
Aralen
Low dose PO 5-30 mg/day
1-2 mg/kg QD
Hydroxychloroquine
Plaquenil... Quineprox
Chloroquine
Aralen
28 terms
Therapeutics II Exam 2
calcium carbonate
calcium acetate
sevelamer carbonate
sevelamer hydrochloride
Tums
PhosLo
Renvela
Renagel
calcium carbonate
Tums
calcium acetate
PhosLo
79 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2: TB
summarize the pathophysiology of TB in…
pts at highest risk for TB infection
conditions that increase the risk of T…
signs/symptoms of TB
1. inhaled droplets of bacilli expelled when infected person…
1. close contact of person known/suspected of TB... 2. foreign b…
HIV... substance abuse... recent TB infection... chest radiographs sug…
night sweats... bloody cough... tachypnea... fever... weight loss... fatigue…
summarize the pathophysiology of TB in…
1. inhaled droplets of bacilli expelled when infected person…
pts at highest risk for TB infection
1. close contact of person known/suspected of TB... 2. foreign b…
87 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
contusion
intentional
partial thickness
full thickness
wound caused by a blunt instrument that causes injury to unde…
wound made in a sterile condition (incision)
wound in which the epidermis is gone, sometimes the top layer…
wound in which epidermis and dermis are gone
contusion
wound caused by a blunt instrument that causes injury to unde…
intentional
wound made in a sterile condition (incision)
29 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
Cold
Cold Physiology
Cold Risk Factors
Cold Symptoms (onset and length)
self limiting viral infection of the upper respiratory tract…
virus-respiratory cells of the nasal mucosa-migrates to nasop…
young age... exposure to children... daycare... fall, winter, spring... p…
sore, scratchy throat... nasal discharge... nasal congestion... sneezi…
Cold
self limiting viral infection of the upper respiratory tract…
Cold Physiology
virus-respiratory cells of the nasal mucosa-migrates to nasop…
83 terms
Therapeutics Exam 2
cough pathophysiology
cough duration
cough exclusions for self care
cough non-pharmacologic treatment
-reflex initiated to protect the lungs from irritants and sec…
-acute: <3 weeks... -subacute: 3-8 weeks... -chronic: >8 weeks
-children <4 years... -history of symptoms of chronic disease as…
-lozenges... -vaporizers/humidifiers (cool mist preferred)
cough pathophysiology
-reflex initiated to protect the lungs from irritants and sec…
cough duration
-acute: <3 weeks... -subacute: 3-8 weeks... -chronic: >8 weeks
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