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Study sets matching "thermal energy physical science"

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Study sets matching "thermal energy physical science"

32 terms
Physical Science (Thermal Energy)
What is related to the average kinetic…
What is the sum of the kinetic and pot…
Thermal energy increases or decreases…
At a constant temperature, thermal ene…
Temperature
Thermal Energy
increases
mass
What is related to the average kinetic…
Temperature
What is the sum of the kinetic and pot…
Thermal Energy
23 terms
Physical Science - Thermal Energy
Heat
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
Temperature
Energy transferred between substances that are at different t…
Energy contained in moving objects
Used to explain the states of matter based on the random move…
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles is…
Heat
Energy transferred between substances that are at different t…
Kinetic energy
Energy contained in moving objects
15 terms
Physical Science Thermal Energy
temperature
termal energy
heat
specific heat
the measure of the average kinetic energy that make up an obj…
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles…
energy that is transferred between objects due to a temperatu…
amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1kg of a ma…
temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy that make up an obj…
termal energy
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles…
10 terms
Physical Science- Thermal Energy
conduction
conductor
convection
heat
Heat moves through a material without moving the material
Material that lets heat flow through it easily
Heat moves through a material by moving the material
Depends upon the speed and mass of particles; quantity of hot…
conduction
Heat moves through a material without moving the material
conductor
Material that lets heat flow through it easily
27 terms
Physical Science- Thermal Energy
Name some conductors
Name some insulators
condensation
evaporation
copper, iron, nickel, gold, silver
plastic, wood, fiber glass, rubber
gas to a liquid
liquid to a gas
Name some conductors
copper, iron, nickel, gold, silver
Name some insulators
plastic, wood, fiber glass, rubber
20 terms
Physical science thermal energy
Temperature
Thermal expansion
Thermometer
Temperature scales
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
The increase in the volume of a substance due to an increase…
A tool used to measure temperature. Can be made from alcohol,…
The way temperature can be expressed. Three temperature scale…
Temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
Thermal expansion
The increase in the volume of a substance due to an increase…
18 terms
Physical Science - Thermal Energy
Matter
Temperature
Kinetic energy
Thermal energy
Made up of atoms and molecules in constant random motion
Measure of avg. kinetic energy of the particles that makes up…
The more of temperature means more of this
The sum of the kinetic & potential energy of all the particle…
Matter
Made up of atoms and molecules in constant random motion
Temperature
Measure of avg. kinetic energy of the particles that makes up…
21 terms
Physical Science: Thermal Energy
Conduction transfer is helped by
Conduction transfer is hindered by
Used in all the conventional heating s…
Electromagnetic waves
conductors
insulators
convection
radiation
Conduction transfer is helped by
conductors
Conduction transfer is hindered by
insulators
9 terms
Physical science- Thermal Energy
Heat
Temperature
Thermal energy
Reduce energy
Transfer of thermal energy from one object to another
How hot or cold something is compared to a referance point
Total potential and kinetic energy of all particles in an obj…
Particles slow down ... Particles move closer... Temperature decrea…
Heat
Transfer of thermal energy from one object to another
Temperature
How hot or cold something is compared to a referance point
8 terms
Physical Science Thermal Energy
Temperature
Thermal Energy
Heat
Specific Heat
A measure of the average kinetic energy of an object.
Sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of the particl…
Is thermal energy that flows from a higher temperature to som…
Amount of heat needed to raise the temperature
Temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy of an object.
Thermal Energy
Sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of the particl…
21 terms
Physical Science-Thermal Energy
what two particles is the air around y…
average KE of the particles in the obj…
As the ___________________ increases,…
the sum of KE and PE of all the partic…
atoms and molecules
temperature
temperature, particles
thermal energy
what two particles is the air around y…
atoms and molecules
average KE of the particles in the obj…
temperature
8 terms
Physical science thermal energy
Thermal energy
Temperature
Absolute zero
Heat
The total energy of all its atoms and molecules.
Tell how warm or cold an object is.
The lower limit of temperature.
Thermal energy transferred from one substance to another due…
Thermal energy
The total energy of all its atoms and molecules.
Temperature
Tell how warm or cold an object is.
46 terms
Physical Science: Thermal Energy
radiation
convection
thermal conduction
thermal insulator
the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves sucah as visi…
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another…
a material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat
radiation
the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves sucah as visi…
convection
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
30 terms
Thermal Energy: Physical Science
0th Law of Thermodynamics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
Absolute zero
Temperature exists
Energy is conserved
Heat always flows from hot to cold
Coldest temp. Everything stops moving. 0 degrees kelvin
0th Law of Thermodynamics
Temperature exists
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy is conserved
22 terms
Physical Science: Thermal Energy
Caloric
Thermal energy
Heat
Temperature
Invisible fluid responsible for heat in an object (Lavoisier)
Total of all energies of motion in an object (unit: Joules)
Transfer of thermal energy
The measure of the average kinetic energies in an object
Caloric
Invisible fluid responsible for heat in an object (Lavoisier)
Thermal energy
Total of all energies of motion in an object (unit: Joules)
63 terms
Physical Science: Thermal Energy
Temperature
Units of Temperature (Boiling and Free…
Is there a limit to how high a tempera…
Is there a limit to how low a temperat…
Directly related to the average kinetic energy per molecule;…
Celsius (0 C, 100 C), Fahrenheit (32 F, 212 F), Kelvin (273,…
No limit
define lower limit to temperature
Temperature
Directly related to the average kinetic energy per molecule;…
Units of Temperature (Boiling and Free…
Celsius (0 C, 100 C), Fahrenheit (32 F, 212 F), Kelvin (273,…
15 terms
Physical Science Thermal Energy
Radiation
Conduction
Convection
Thermodynamics
Electromagnetic radiation- vacuum empty space
transfers heat through touch
heat transfer through moving currents in gases or liquids
study of how heat moves
Radiation
Electromagnetic radiation- vacuum empty space
Conduction
transfers heat through touch
8 terms
Physical Science (E): Thermal Energy, Heat, Temperature
kinetic energy
potential energy
thermal energy
heat
the energy of MOTION
energy an object has because of its POSITION or SHAPE
all of the energy resulting from the movement of an object's…
the transfer of thermal energy between two objects that are a…
kinetic energy
the energy of MOTION
potential energy
energy an object has because of its POSITION or SHAPE
27 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Energy, Heat and Thermal Energy
Combustion
Chemical Energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
Potential Energy
the process of burning fuels
this is potential energy stored in the chemical bonds that ho…
states when one form of energy is transformed to another, no…
STORED energy that results from the position or shape of an o…
Combustion
the process of burning fuels
Chemical Energy
this is potential energy stored in the chemical bonds that ho…
29 terms
physical Science waves and thermal energy
medium
energy transfer
wavelength
amplitude
material at which a wave travels through
required in order to pass a vibration through a solid, liquid…
the distance between the same point on two different waves
the distance between the baseline and the trough of the wave:…
medium
material at which a wave travels through
energy transfer
required in order to pass a vibration through a solid, liquid…
15 terms
Physical Science Ch10 Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Conduction
Heat
Temperature
Adding up the kinetic energy of all the molecules in an object
The movement of heat from one object to another by molecular…
the energy that flows as a result of a difference in temperat…
a measurement of the average kinetic energy of all the molecu…
Thermal Energy
Adding up the kinetic energy of all the molecules in an object
Conduction
The movement of heat from one object to another by molecular…
30 terms
PHYSICAL SCIENCE THERMAL ENERGY TEST
Conduction
Convection
Conductor
Insulator
Heat transferred through direct contact.
Heat transferred through heat currents when warm fluid rises.
Material or device that allows for easy heat transfer.
Poor Conductors! (electrons are firmly attached to the molecu…
Conduction
Heat transferred through direct contact.
Convection
Heat transferred through heat currents when warm fluid rises.
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 "Thermal Energy"
conduction
convection
first law of thermodynamics
heat
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
states that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
thermal energy that flows from a warmer material to a cooler…
conduction
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
convection
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
10 terms
Physical Science Quiz- Thermal Energy
Heat of Fusion
Heat of vaporization
Insulator
Heat
Heat required to change a solid to a liquid
Heat required to change a liquid to a vapor
Material that does not let heat flow through it easily
Depends upon the speed and mass of particles; quantity of hot…
Heat of Fusion
Heat required to change a solid to a liquid
Heat of vaporization
Heat required to change a liquid to a vapor
16 terms
Physical Science Thermal Energy by Adam Kulis
temperature
thermal energy
heat
calorimeter
the measure of the average kinetic energy that make up an obj…
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles…
energy that is transferred between objects due to a temperatu…
used to determine the specific heat of materials
temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy that make up an obj…
thermal energy
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles…
10 terms
4th Grade Physical Science Thermal Energy Vocabulary
energy
thermal energy
transformation
conduction
the ability to do work
heat
energy changing into another form
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another…
energy
the ability to do work
thermal energy
heat
20 terms
Physical Science - Thermal Energy & Heat Transfer
Absolute Zero
Calorie
First Law of Thermodynamics
Heat
The lowest possible temperature; the temperature at which all…
A unit for thermal energy or heat.
States that thermal energy is never lost, only transferred in…
The thermal energy that flows from an object of higher temper…
Absolute Zero
The lowest possible temperature; the temperature at which all…
Calorie
A unit for thermal energy or heat.
13 terms
Physical Science: Thermal Energy (Exams)
Thermal energy
Kelvin
Celsius
Fahrenheit
Kinetic energy (kinetic energy is velocity); temperature is r…
Based on the coldest temperature possible (absolute zero)
Based on water
Based on brine and the human body
Thermal energy
Kinetic energy (kinetic energy is velocity); temperature is r…
Kelvin
Based on the coldest temperature possible (absolute zero)
32 terms
Thermal Energy - PAP Physical Science
temperature
thermal energy
heat
what does heat move from?
average kinetic energy of particles
total KE and PE of particles
thermal energy in motion
warmer --> cooler
temperature
average kinetic energy of particles
thermal energy
total KE and PE of particles
14 terms
Physical Science Thermal Energy and heat
Heat
Temperature
Absolute Zero
Thermal Expansion
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another
A measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a refer…
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
An increase in volume due to a change in temperature
Heat
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a refer…
30 terms
PHYSICAL SCIENCE THERMAL ENERGY TEST
Conduction
Convection
Conductor
Insulator
Heat transferred through direct contact.
Heat transferred through heat currents when warm fluid rises.
Material or device that allows for easy heat transfer.
Poor Conductors! (electrons are firmly attached to the molecu…
Conduction
Heat transferred through direct contact.
Convection
Heat transferred through heat currents when warm fluid rises.
25 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14 - Thermal Energy and Heat
temperature
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and…
the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
temperature
a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
Fahrenheit scale
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
30 terms
Physical Science - Thermal Energy & Heat
melting
internal combustion engine
Kelvin scale
thermal energy
Change of state from a solid to a liquid
An engine that burns fuel inside cylinders within the engine.
The temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
The total energy of particles in a substance
melting
Change of state from a solid to a liquid
internal combustion engine
An engine that burns fuel inside cylinders within the engine.
54 terms
Physical Science: Thermal Heat and Energy
Name 2 types of heat engines.
The external combustion engine burns f…
The steam engine is an example of an _…
The internal combustion engine burns f…
External Combustion Engine and Internal Combustion Engine
Outside
External
Inside
Name 2 types of heat engines.
External Combustion Engine and Internal Combustion Engine
The external combustion engine burns f…
Outside
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Thermal Energy and Heat
Temperature
Fahrenheit Scale
Celsius Scale
Kelvin Scale
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in…
the temperature scale on which 32 and 212 are the temperature…
The temperature scale on which zero and 100 are the temperatu…
the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
Temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in…
Fahrenheit Scale
the temperature scale on which 32 and 212 are the temperature…
14 terms
IACS Physical Science Chapt 6 Thermal Energy
temperature
thermal energy
heat
specific heat
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in…
sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles in a…
thermal energy that flows from a warmer material to a cooler…
amount of thermal energy needed to raise the temperature of 1…
temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in…
thermal energy
sum of the kinetic and potential energy of the particles in a…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Using Thermal Energy
conduction
fluid
convection
radiation
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another sub…
A material that can easily flow
transfer of energy by the bulk movement of matter
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
conduction
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another sub…
fluid
A material that can easily flow
Physical Science Vocab Chapter 5 Thermal Energy
Conduction
Convection
First Law of Thermodynamics
Heat
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between the particle…
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
states that a change in the internal energy of a system is eq…
thermal energy that flows from a warmer material to a cooler…
Conduction
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between the particle…
Convection
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
10 terms
Physical Science - CH6 - Thermal energy and thermodynamics
the motion of molecules that most affe…
whether one object is warmer than anot…
absolute zero corresponds to a tempera…
thermal energy is normally measured in…
translation motion
molecular kinetic energy
both of this ( 0C & -273C)
both of this (calories & joules)
the motion of molecules that most affe…
translation motion
whether one object is warmer than anot…
molecular kinetic energy
13 terms
Physical Science Unit 4 Thermal Energy and Heat
temperature
Fahrenheit Scale
Celsius Scale
Kelvin Scale
measure of the average kinetic energy of the individual parti…
the most common temperature scale on which water freezes at 3…
the temperature scales on which water freezes at 0 degrees an…
A scale use to measuring temperatures in scientific experimen…
temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of the individual parti…
Fahrenheit Scale
the most common temperature scale on which water freezes at 3…
27 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Energy, Heat and Thermal Energy
Combustion
Chemical Energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
Potential Energy
the process of burning fuels
this is potential energy stored in the chemical bonds that ho…
states when one form of energy is transformed to another, no…
STORED energy that results from the position or shape of an o…
Combustion
the process of burning fuels
Chemical Energy
this is potential energy stored in the chemical bonds that ho…
34 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5 Thermal Energy
Temperautre
Thermometer
Thermometer Step 1
Thermometer Step 2
Objects with more kinetic energy feel hotter than objects wit…
Measures how much kinetic energy is in the substance its plac…
Molecules in water bump into each other
Molecules bump into the thermometer
Temperautre
Objects with more kinetic energy feel hotter than objects wit…
Thermometer
Measures how much kinetic energy is in the substance its plac…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6 Thermal Energy
Temperature
Thermal Energy
Heat
Specific Heat
average kinetic energy of the particles in the object.
sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the particles…
thermal energy that flows from something at a higher temperat…
amount of heat that is needed to raise the temperature of 1 k…
Temperature
average kinetic energy of the particles in the object.
Thermal Energy
sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the particles…
14 terms
Physical Science Chpt 11-1: Thermal Energy
temperature
freezing point
kinetic energy
faster
_____ is a measure of how hot or cold something is compared t…
One reference point is the ____ of water
1) Temperature is a measure of the average _____ of the parti…
As an object heats up, its particles move ____________
temperature
_____ is a measure of how hot or cold something is compared t…
freezing point
One reference point is the ____ of water
11 terms
Physical Science - Thermal Energy/Heat and Heat Transfer
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Kinetic Energy
Temperature
Heat
Theory that states that atoms and molecules are in constant,…
The energy of motion
Average kinetic energy of the particles that make up that obj…
Energy that is transferred between objects
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Theory that states that atoms and molecules are in constant,…
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion
46 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14- Thermal Energy and Heat
Thermal Energy
Conductor
Kelvin
Kinetic
The total energy of the particles.
A material that easily conducts heat.
The temperature scale used in science.
Energy measured by temperature.
Thermal Energy
The total energy of the particles.
Conductor
A material that easily conducts heat.
45 terms
Glencoe Chapter 5 Physical Science: Thermal Energy
Moving particles in matter (atoms, ion…
Temperature of an object
When temperature of an object increase…
Particles in the matter have .........…
kinetic
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles th…
its kinetic energy increases.
potential
Moving particles in matter (atoms, ion…
kinetic
Temperature of an object
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles th…
10 terms
4th Grade Physical Science Thermal Energy Vocabulary
energy
thermal energy
transformation
conduction
the ability to do work
heat
energy changing into another form
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another…
energy
the ability to do work
thermal energy
heat
14 terms
Physical Science Ch. 6 Thermal Energy
conduction
convection
first law of thermodynamics
heat
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
states that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
thermal energy flows from a warmer material to cooler material.
conduction
transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
convection
transfer of thermal energy in a fluid by the movement of warm…
Physical Science Chpt 11-2: Thermal Energy
warmer areas to cooler areas
convection
farther apart
float
Heat is transferred from _____________ by conduction, convect…
__________is a type of heat transfer that occurs only in flui…
When air is heated, its particles speed up and move ____. Thi…
The heated air rises to ____on top of the denser, cooler air
warmer areas to cooler areas
Heat is transferred from _____________ by conduction, convect…
convection
__________is a type of heat transfer that occurs only in flui…
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