Study sets matching "thermal energy"

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Study sets matching "thermal energy"

7 terms
Thermal Energy
Heat
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Movement of Thermal Energy
Movement of energy by objects touching
Heat by hot liquids or gases rising and cooler fluids sinking
Heat by electromagnetic (invisible) waves
Heat
Movement of Thermal Energy
Conduction
Movement of energy by objects touching
16 terms
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
a measure of the average kinetic energy of a substance
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water…
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water…
the temperature scale in which the freezing point of water is…
Temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of a substance
Fahrenheit scale
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water…
21 terms
Thermal Energy
thermal energy
heat
temperature
phase changes
The total kinetic and potential energy of all the particles o…
The transfer of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cool…
How hot or cold something is; a measure of the average energy…
change from one state of matter to another without a change i…
thermal energy
The total kinetic and potential energy of all the particles o…
heat
The transfer of thermal energy from a warmer object to a cool…
10 terms
Thermal Energy
Heat
Energy
Thermal Energy
Endothermic reaction
the energy that is transferred between 2 objects that are at…
the speed at which the atoms move throughout the object.
the motion of atoms or molecules within a substance.
absorb energy from the surroundings causing the area around t…
Heat
the energy that is transferred between 2 objects that are at…
Energy
the speed at which the atoms move throughout the object.
5 terms
Thermal Energy
conduction
convection
radiation
Energy transformation
Energy transfer from particle to particle within several mate…
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
-transfer of heat in waves
process where energy changes from one form to another
conduction
Energy transfer from particle to particle within several mate…
convection
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
15 terms
Thermal Energy
temperature
thermal energy
heat
specific heat
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
Energy due to temperature.
thermal energy that flows from something at a higher temperat…
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
thermal energy
Energy due to temperature.
13 terms
Thermal Energy
thermal energy
temperature
conduction
convection
heat; the amount of movement of molecules
a measure of how hot or cold something is
the transfer of heat from one object to another by direct con…
the transfer of heat by movement in a liquid or gas; heat ris…
thermal energy
heat; the amount of movement of molecules
temperature
a measure of how hot or cold something is
10 terms
Thermal Energy
vibrating
conduction
spread out
particles
...
...
...
vibrating
conduction
...
18 terms
Thermal Energy
Celsius
Conduction
Convection
Energy
temperature scale setting the melting point of ice as 0 degre…
flow of heat energy from one molecule to the next.
flow of energy when warm gas or liquid rises.
ability to do work.
Celsius
temperature scale setting the melting point of ice as 0 degre…
Conduction
flow of heat energy from one molecule to the next.
Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
What temperature does water freeze at…
Kinetic Energy of particles plus Potential Energy of particles.
Particles interacting with each other but not in motion.
Motion of particles.
Celsius = 0 Kelvin = 273 Fahrenheit = 32
Thermal Energy
Kinetic Energy of particles plus Potential Energy of particles.
Potential Energy
Particles interacting with each other but not in motion.
5 terms
THERMAL ENERGY
TEMPERATURE
THERMOMETER
HEAT INSULATORS
HEAT CONDUCTORS
measurement of how hot or cold something is
instrument used to measure the temperature
don't transfer heat very effectively (wool, wood, plastic)
can transfer heat quickly and effectively (iron, copper, alum…
TEMPERATURE
measurement of how hot or cold something is
THERMOMETER
instrument used to measure the temperature
18 terms
Thermal Energy
energy
kinetic energy
Thermal energy
molecule
the ability to do work or cause change
Energy of motion
the total kinetic and potential energy of all the particles i…
a particle of different kinds of atom
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy
Energy of motion
21 terms
thermal energy
heat
temperature
Thermal energy
What do you need to transfer thermal e…
Energy transfered due to a temperature difference between the…
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
= Kinetice Energy + Potential Energy
A difference in temperature
heat
Energy transfered due to a temperature difference between the…
temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
33 terms
Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Particles that are moving slower with…
Kinetic Energy of particles plus Potential Energy of particles.
Particles interacting with each other.
Motion of particles.
Cold particles
Thermal Energy
Kinetic Energy of particles plus Potential Energy of particles.
Potential Energy
Particles interacting with each other.
8 terms
Thermal Energy
conduction
convection
radiation
insulator
Heat energy is transferred from the heat source to an object…
It is the transfer of heat energy that occurs when matter mov…
In radiation, no matter is needed to transfer the energy. Not…
Materials that block heat from moving, or slow it down. Rubbe…
conduction
Heat energy is transferred from the heat source to an object…
convection
It is the transfer of heat energy that occurs when matter mov…
Thermal Energy
conduction
convection
radiation
thermal energy
transfer of thermal energy by collisions of matter at higher…
transfer of thermal energy of warmer to cooler fluids from pl…
transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves
the sum of kinetic and potential energy transferred by convec…
conduction
transfer of thermal energy by collisions of matter at higher…
convection
transfer of thermal energy of warmer to cooler fluids from pl…
Thermal Energy
temperature
heat
conduction
state change
The AVERAGE kinetic energy of the particles of a substance.
The FLOW of thermal energy from an area that has a higher tem…
The transfer of energy from one object to another through dir…
When matter changes from a solid to a liquid or liquid to a g…
temperature
The AVERAGE kinetic energy of the particles of a substance.
heat
The FLOW of thermal energy from an area that has a higher tem…
19 terms
Thermal Energy
Thermal
Kinetic
Expansion
Contraction
Energy in the form of heat.
Energy of motion.
Adding thermal energy to particles causes them to speed up, s…
Removing thermal energy to particles causes them to slow down…
Thermal
Energy in the form of heat.
Kinetic
Energy of motion.
8 terms
Thermal Energy
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Thermal energy
The transfer of heat that occurs when two objects of differen…
The transfer of heat from one place to another, when matter i…
The transfer of heat that occurs through empty space. e.g. fr…
The energy of heat, which transfers from hotter objects to co…
Conduction
The transfer of heat that occurs when two objects of differen…
Convection
The transfer of heat from one place to another, when matter i…
Thermal Energy
Thermometer
Temperature
Heat
Conduction
An instrument used to measure temperature
Total kinetic energy of all particles in a substance
The energy transferred from an object at a higher temperature…
The transfer of energy as heat from one substance to another…
Thermometer
An instrument used to measure temperature
Temperature
Total kinetic energy of all particles in a substance
16 terms
Thermal Energy
energy
thermal energy
conductor
insulator
the ability to cause change
the energy a substance or system has related to its temperatu…
material that transfers heat easily (metal)
A material that is a nonconductor of sound, heat, or electric…
energy
the ability to cause change
thermal energy
the energy a substance or system has related to its temperatu…
19 terms
thermal energy
atomic energy
nuclear energy
chemical energy
conduction
the energy released by a nuclear reaction
The potential energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
the energy stored in chemical bonds
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another sub…
atomic energy
the energy released by a nuclear reaction
nuclear energy
The potential energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
11 terms
Thermal Energy
temperature
heat
thermal expansion
specific heat
The AVERAGE kinetic energy of the particles of a substance.
The FLOW of thermal energy from an area that has a higher tem…
The increase in VOLUME of a substance that results from an in…
The DIFFERENT RATES at which materials warm or cool. A substa…
temperature
The AVERAGE kinetic energy of the particles of a substance.
heat
The FLOW of thermal energy from an area that has a higher tem…
13 terms
Thermal Energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
Thermal Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Matter is neither created nor destroyed
The total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an…
Energy of motion
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement
Law of Conservation of Energy
Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Thermal Energy
The total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an…
17 terms
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Thermal energy
mass and thermal energy
heat
measure of average Kinetic energy of particles in an object o…
sum of kinetic and potential energy of particles in an object…
if temperature remains constant, thermal energy increases as…
thermal energy that flows from something at a higher temperat…
Temperature
measure of average Kinetic energy of particles in an object o…
Thermal energy
sum of kinetic and potential energy of particles in an object…
Thermal Energy
conduction
convection
radiation
heat
the process by which heat energy is transmitted through colli…
transfer of energy due to differences in density. The circula…
the transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles…
a form of energy associated with the movement of atoms and mo…
conduction
the process by which heat energy is transmitted through colli…
convection
transfer of energy due to differences in density. The circula…
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Fahrenheit Scale
Celsius Scale
Kelvin Scale
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of…
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and…
The temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
Temperature
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of…
Fahrenheit Scale
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
17 terms
Thermal Energy
temperature
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of…
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and…
the temperature scale in which the freezing point of water is…
temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of…
Fahrenheit scale
The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
Thermal Energy
Thermal energy
An object's thermal energy depends on:
temperature
temperature depends on
the sum of the energy of all the moving particles in an objec…
1. how quickly the particles in the object are moving.... 2. the…
the measure of how hot or cold something is
ONLY how quickly the particles are moving
Thermal energy
the sum of the energy of all the moving particles in an objec…
An object's thermal energy depends on:
1. how quickly the particles in the object are moving.... 2. the…
9 terms
Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Heat
Conduction
Temperature
The energy of motion in the molecules of a substance. The fas…
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another sub…
A measure of the average energy of motion of the molecules of…
Thermal Energy
The energy of motion in the molecules of a substance. The fas…
Heat
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
8 terms
Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Conduction
Convection
The total kinetic (motion) energy of tiny particles that make…
Average kinetic energy of all the particles in a material, me…
Transfer of thermal energy that occurs in solids, liquids, an…
Heat transfer caused by the rising of hotter, less dense flui…
Thermal Energy
The total kinetic (motion) energy of tiny particles that make…
Temperature
Average kinetic energy of all the particles in a material, me…
Thermal Energy Transfer
Conductor
Insulator
Conduction
Convection
Material through which energy can be transferred as heat
Material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat
Transfer of thermal energy through direct contact
Transfer of thermal energy through circulation or movement of…
Conductor
Material through which energy can be transferred as heat
Insulator
Material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat
Thermal energy
Thermal Energy
Conduction
Convection
Kinetic Energy
Thermal energy is the energy that comes from heat. This heat…
the process by which heat or electricity is directly transmit…
the movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter…
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
Thermal Energy
Thermal energy is the energy that comes from heat. This heat…
Conduction
the process by which heat or electricity is directly transmit…
thermal energy
heat
temperature
absolute zero
thermal energy
thermal energy transfer among objects because temperature dif…
measure of how cold or hot something is by a reference point
0 kelvin
the total PE and KE of the related to the motion of particles…
heat
thermal energy transfer among objects because temperature dif…
temperature
measure of how cold or hot something is by a reference point
Thermal Energy
heat
kinetic energy
potential energy
temperature
movement of thermal energy... from a warmer object to a cooler... o…
the energy an object... or particle has because it is moving (en…
Stored Energy
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
heat
movement of thermal energy... from a warmer object to a cooler... o…
kinetic energy
the energy an object... or particle has because it is moving (en…
Thermal Energy
solid
liquid
gas
plasma
has a definite shape, volume, and mass
no definite shape; definite volume and mass
no definite shape or volume
exists as lightning and electric current
solid
has a definite shape, volume, and mass
liquid
no definite shape; definite volume and mass
Thermal Energy
Absolute Zero
Calorie
First Law of Thermodynamics
Heat
The lowest temperature possible
Unit of thermal energy
Whenever heat flows into or out of a system, the gain or loss…
Thermal Energy that is measured in Joules or Calories
Absolute Zero
The lowest temperature possible
Calorie
Unit of thermal energy
Thermal Energy
solid
liquid
gas
plasma
definite shape and volume
no definite shape, definite volume
no definite shape or volume
found in lightning
solid
definite shape and volume
liquid
no definite shape, definite volume
15 terms
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Materials usually do this when heated
Thermometer
Farenheit
Average kinetic energy of molecules in a substance
Expand
Device used to measure temperature
Temperature scale where water freezes at 32 degrees
Temperature
Average kinetic energy of molecules in a substance
Materials usually do this when heated
Expand
Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
The total kinetic (motion) energy of tiny particles that make…
Transfer of thermal energy that occurs in solids, liquids, an…
Heat transfer caused by the rising of hotter, less dense flui…
The transfer of energy by the movement of electromagnetic wav…
Thermal Energy
The total kinetic (motion) energy of tiny particles that make…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy that occurs in solids, liquids, an…
5 terms
Thermal Energy
thermal energy
boiling point
freezing and melting point
conductor
the energy of a substance related to its temperature
The temperature at which water changes from a liquid to a gas
The temperature at which a liquid changes into a solid; the s…
material that allows thermal energy or electric energy to pas…
thermal energy
the energy of a substance related to its temperature
boiling point
The temperature at which water changes from a liquid to a gas
16 terms
Thermal Energy
thermal energy
conduction
convection
radiation
the total kinetic energy of tiny particles that make up matter
transfer of thermal energy that occurs in solids, liquids, an…
transfer of thermal energy from one place to another by the m…
the transfer of energy by electromagnetic rays, may occur in…
thermal energy
the total kinetic energy of tiny particles that make up matter
conduction
transfer of thermal energy that occurs in solids, liquids, an…
Thermal Energy
Kinetic Energy
Thermal energy
Freezing point
Melting point
energy of motion
energy that comes from heat
the temperature below which liquid turns into a solid
the temperature which a solid turns into a liquid
Kinetic Energy
energy of motion
Thermal energy
energy that comes from heat
Thermal Energy
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Conduction
Convection
The total energy of moving particles in matter.
The measure of the average motion of particles in matter (how…
The transfer of heat energy through direct contact (touching).
Transfer of heat energy through a liquid or gas where colder…
Thermal Energy
The total energy of moving particles in matter.
Temperature
The measure of the average motion of particles in matter (how…
28 terms
Thermal Energy
temperature
thermal energy
heat
specific heat
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
The total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an…
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
The amount of heat a substance must absorb to increase 1 gram…
temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
thermal energy
The total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an…
5 terms
Thermal Energy
Thermal energy/ Kinetic Energy
Heat
Conduction
Convection
is the energy that comes from heat.
heat is generated by the movement of tiny particles within an…
Conduction occurs when thermal energy is transferred through…
the movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter…
Thermal energy/ Kinetic Energy
is the energy that comes from heat.
Heat
heat is generated by the movement of tiny particles within an…
thermal energy
temperature
thermal energy
thermal pollution
specific heat
A measure of heat
energy that all objects have that increases as the object tem…
increase in temperature of a body of water
amount of heat needed to rise of temperature
temperature
A measure of heat
thermal energy
energy that all objects have that increases as the object tem…
Thermal energy
work
heat
thermal energy
kinetic energy
Force x Distance
A form of energy that is transferred by a difference in tempe…
Energy due to temperature.
Energy of motion
work
Force x Distance
heat
A form of energy that is transferred by a difference in tempe…
Thermal Energy
Temperature
Thermal energy
Heat
Conductor
The measure of how hot or cold something is
The form of energy that moves particles of matter
The movement of thermal energy
An object that heat can move through easily
Temperature
The measure of how hot or cold something is
Thermal energy
The form of energy that moves particles of matter
Thermal Energy
Work
Heat
Thermal Energy
Kinetic Energy
Force x Distance
A form of energy that is transferred by a difference in tempe…
Energy due to temperature.
Energy of motion
Work
Force x Distance
Heat
A form of energy that is transferred by a difference in tempe…
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