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Study sets matching "thermodynamics chapter 10"

Chapter 10 ~ Thermodynamics
Section 1: Relationships Between Heat…
System
Environment
Isovolumetric Process
...
a set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
the combination of conditions and influences outside a system…
a thermodynamic process that takes place at constant volume s…
Section 1: Relationships Between Heat…
...
System
a set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
32 terms
Chapter 10 Thermodynamics
internal energy
work, heat
transit
system
work can increase or decrease the ___________ of a substance
___________ and ___________ are energy being transferred to o…
work and heat are both energy in ___________
set of components creating a physical substance to be studied
internal energy
work can increase or decrease the ___________ of a substance
work, heat
___________ and ___________ are energy being transferred to o…
9 terms
Chapter 10 terms thermodynamics
potential energy
temperature
Energy
calorie
is energy due to position or composition. it could also be co…
is a measure of average kinetic energy
is the ability to do work
is defined as the amount of energy required to raise the temp…
potential energy
is energy due to position or composition. it could also be co…
temperature
is a measure of average kinetic energy
24 terms
Thermodynamics (chapter 10)
Energy
Potential Energy
chemical potential energy
Kinetic Energy
the ability to do work or produce heat
energy due to composition or position of objects
number and type of atoms, type of chemical bonds, way atoms a…
the energy of motion
Energy
the ability to do work or produce heat
Potential Energy
energy due to composition or position of objects
11 terms
Chapter 10 thermodynamics
Specific heat
1st law of therodynamics
Heat of vaportization
Heat of fussion
Amount of energy needed fo raise 1g of a sub to 1 celcius
Energy can be created nor distroyed
Energy needed to vaporize 1g of a sunstance, 2260jewles/ gram
The energy needed to melt 1g of a substance 334jewles/ gram
Specific heat
Amount of energy needed fo raise 1g of a sub to 1 celcius
1st law of therodynamics
Energy can be created nor distroyed
22 terms
Chapter 10 Thermodynamics
First Law of Thermodynamics
Calorie
Kilocalories
Cold
Energy is not created or lost
The energy found in food
1000 calories is equal to one of these
An endothermic reaction will feel like this
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy is not created or lost
Calorie
The energy found in food
39 terms
Chapter 10 (Thermodynamics)
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy:
Kinetic energy formula
The ability to do work or produce heat
Possible energy due to positioning or composition
Due to velocity, motion, and mass of an object
KE=1/2mv^2
Energy
The ability to do work or produce heat
Potential energy
Possible energy due to positioning or composition
12 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 10
How many type of system are there in t…
Open system
Closed System
Isolated System
3
Exchange mass and energy with the surroundings. Mass + Heat t…
Allows the transfer of energy but not the mass. Mass to surro…
Does not exchange either mass or energy with its surroundings…
How many type of system are there in t…
3
Open system
Exchange mass and energy with the surroundings. Mass + Heat t…
44 terms
Chapter 10 Thermodynamics
Exothermic Process
Endothermic Process
Joule
Open System
heat comes out of the system
heat goes into the system
unit for energy
energy & matter exchange with surroundings (type of system)
Exothermic Process
heat comes out of the system
Endothermic Process
heat goes into the system
21 terms
Chapter 10 Thermodynamics Quest
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work
The ability to do work or produce heat.
energy due to position or composition. stored energy. chemica…
energy due to motion. Gases have the highest kinetic energy a…
force acting over a distance
Energy
The ability to do work or produce heat.
Potential Energy
energy due to position or composition. stored energy. chemica…
7 terms
Chapter 10 Thermodynamics Vocabulary Words
A set of particles or interacting comp…
The combination of conditions and infl…
A thermodynamic process that takes pla…
A thermodynamic process that takes pla…
System
Environment
Isovolumetric Process
Isothermal Process
A set of particles or interacting comp…
System
The combination of conditions and infl…
Environment
17 terms
Chapter 10 Vocab- Thermodynamics (Sarmiento)
Exothermic
Endothermic
Surroundings
System
A reaction that releases heat to the surrounding area
A reaction that absorbs heat from the surrounding area
The circumstances, objects, and conditions around a particula…
A related set of components that react with one another that…
Exothermic
A reaction that releases heat to the surrounding area
Endothermic
A reaction that absorbs heat from the surrounding area
31 terms
Chemistry 2 Chapter 10 Energy and Thermodynamics
intensive physical property
Q or q
system
surroundings
does not change with the amount
Heat
part of the universe being studied (usually reactants and pro…
the rest of the universe (in thermodynamics)
intensive physical property
does not change with the amount
Q or q
Heat
8 terms
Honors Physics: Chapter 10 Thermodynamics
What is a system?
Environment
work=______*______ change
Isovolumetric Process
a set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
the combination of conditions and influences outside a system…
pressure, volume
a thermodynamic process that takes place at constant volume s…
What is a system?
a set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
Environment
the combination of conditions and influences outside a system…
29 terms
Chapter 10 - Thermodynamics - Chem 2
Thermochemistry-
Energy-
Work-
Heat-
The study of relationships between chemistry and energy.
The capacity to do work.
The result of a force acting through a distance.
The flow of energy caused by temperature.
Thermochemistry-
The study of relationships between chemistry and energy.
Energy-
The capacity to do work.
21 terms
Chapter 10: Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Direction
Spontaneous Reactions
Non-spontaneous Reactions
Entropy
Some chemical processes or reactions can only occur in one di…
A reaction that takes place without continuous intervention.…
A reaction that only occurs with a continual input of energy
A measurement of the randomness, or disorder of a system. Ent…
Direction
Some chemical processes or reactions can only occur in one di…
Spontaneous Reactions
A reaction that takes place without continuous intervention.…
44 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 10 Terms: Energy and Thermodynamics
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Law of conservation of energy
Ability to do work or produce heat
Energy of position
Energy of motion... E= 1/2 mv^2
energy can be converted from one form to another; can't be cr…
Energy
Ability to do work or produce heat
Potential energy
Energy of position
13 terms
MCB 3020C Microbiology Chapter 10 Thermodynamics
energy
The science of thermodynamics analyzes…
first law of thermodynamics
second law of thermodynamics
the capacity to do work or to cause particular changes
system (cell)
...
physical and chemical processes proceed in such a way that th…
energy
the capacity to do work or to cause particular changes
The science of thermodynamics analyzes…
system (cell)
41 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 6
Heat Engines
Working Fluid
Heat can't be converted completely to…
A Steam Power Plant
convert heat to work, receive heat from high-temp source, rej…
the fluid to and from which heat and work is transferred whil…
work can always be converted to heat directly and completely.…
A portion of the work output of the heat engine is consumed i…
Heat Engines
convert heat to work, receive heat from high-temp source, rej…
Working Fluid
the fluid to and from which heat and work is transferred whil…
44 terms
Holt Physics-Thermodynamics Chapter 10 and 11
unit of temperature
in order to decrease entropy, you must…
to increase the internal energy of a s…
unit of heat
celsius
work
work
joule
unit of temperature
celsius
in order to decrease entropy, you must…
work
9 terms
Chapter 10 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Spontaneous Process
Nonspontaneous Process
True or False...the majority of sponta…
Entropy (S)
What is any thermodynamic process that occurs without continu…
What is a process that occurs with a continual input of energ…
False, the majority of spontaneous processes are exothermic…
What is the thermodynamic quantity representing the unavailab…
Spontaneous Process
What is any thermodynamic process that occurs without continu…
Nonspontaneous Process
What is a process that occurs with a continual input of energ…
16 terms
Chapter 10 Study Guide: Entropy and 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
Spontaneous
Entropy
Statistical mechanics
Microstate
Takes place without continuous intervention, according to the…
Measurement of the randomness, or disorder, of a system... Stat…
Makes entropy quantitative
Way by which a collection of particles can assume a given ene…
Spontaneous
Takes place without continuous intervention, according to the…
Entropy
Measurement of the randomness, or disorder, of a system... Stat…
9 terms
Chapter 10: Thermodynamics and Homeostasis (AP Bio Test)
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Third Law of Thermodynamics
Coupled Reaction
The increase of internal energy of a closed system is equal t…
Heat cannot spontaneously flow from a colder location to a ho…
At absolute zero, entropy reaches it's minimum value.... At abs…
transport across a membrane is coupled with a chemical reacti…
First Law of Thermodynamics
The increase of internal energy of a closed system is equal t…
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Heat cannot spontaneously flow from a colder location to a ho…
11 terms
Ch 10 Thermodynamics Vocab
Thermodynamics
System
Environment
Isovolumetric
branch of science that relates heat and temperature with ener…
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
the combination of conditions and influences outside a system…
Thermodynamic process, 1 volume, no work is done
Thermodynamics
branch of science that relates heat and temperature with ener…
System
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
65 terms
Chapter 3 (Thermodynamics)
Zeroth Law of Thermodymanics
Temperture
Heat moves spontaneously from...
Heat
If a in thermal equilibrium with b, and b in thermal equilibr…
Physical property of matter related to average kinetic energy…
Materials with higher temp to materials with lower temp
Process of energy transfer between two objects at different t…
Zeroth Law of Thermodymanics
If a in thermal equilibrium with b, and b in thermal equilibr…
Temperture
Physical property of matter related to average kinetic energy…
24 terms
Physics Unit 8: Chapter 10 & 11 Heat and Thermodynamics
Convection
Entropy
Entropy ... definition 2
Temperature
heat transferred by the bulk movement of the molecules in a f…
a measure of the unavailable energy in a closed thermodynamic…
the thermodynamic quaintity representing the unavailablity of…
the average kinetic energy of the molecules that make up a su…
Convection
heat transferred by the bulk movement of the molecules in a f…
Entropy
a measure of the unavailable energy in a closed thermodynamic…
25 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 7
EXTENSIVE
equality, inequality
two specified states
positive
Is entropy an intensive or extensive property?
The ____ in the Clausius inequality holds for reversible cycl…
The entropy change between _____ is the same whether the proc…
The entropy generation Sgen is always a _____ quantity or zero.
EXTENSIVE
Is entropy an intensive or extensive property?
equality, inequality
The ____ in the Clausius inequality holds for reversible cycl…
32 terms
Csider honors chem chapter 10/11 states of matter, intermolecular forces, and thermodynamics vocabulary
Adhesion
Boiling
Boiling Point
Cohesion
attraction of liquid particles for particles of solid surfaces
change of state from a liquid to a gas, through heating (endo)
The temperature and pressure at which a liquid and gas are in…
attraction of liquid particles for each other
Adhesion
attraction of liquid particles for particles of solid surfaces
Boiling
change of state from a liquid to a gas, through heating (endo)
13 terms
Unit 10 - Thermodynamics
Thermal energy
Entropy
Conduction
Convection
The total amount of kinetic and potential energy of the molec…
The amount of disorder in a system
Thermal energy transfer through direct contact
Thermal energy transfer through the movement of a large numbe…
Thermal energy
The total amount of kinetic and potential energy of the molec…
Entropy
The amount of disorder in a system
47 terms
Chapters 10-11 - Heat & Thermodynamics
thermodynamics
How can one change the temperature of…
How is the temperature of a substance…
What is the internal energy of a subst…
the study of heat
energy must be either added or removed from a substance to ch…
temperature is proportional to the AVERAGE kinetic energy of…
the energy of a substance due to the random motions of its co…
thermodynamics
the study of heat
How can one change the temperature of…
energy must be either added or removed from a substance to ch…
Physics chapter 24 Thermodynamics
Absolute zero
Thermodynamics
Lord Kelvin
First Law of Thermodynamics
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
developed an absolute temperature scale and formulated the se…
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
Absolute zero
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
Thermodynamics
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
9 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 6 Terms
entropy change
T dS equations
isentropic process
entropy transfer
∇S = ∫(δQ / T) int rev... ds = (δQ / T) int rev
T ds = dU + p dV... T ds = dH - V dp
a constant entropy process
entropy transfer flows in the same direction as heat transfer…
entropy change
∇S = ∫(δQ / T) int rev... ds = (δQ / T) int rev
T dS equations
T ds = dU + p dV... T ds = dH - V dp
46 terms
Chapter 5: Thermodynamics
energy
E=q+w
Thermochemistry
Heat(q)
ability to do work or transfer heat
Energy= heat released + work
measurement and prediction of the effects of heat
energy transferred between objects because of the difference…
energy
ability to do work or transfer heat
E=q+w
Energy= heat released + work
12 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 5 Terms
Second Law Statements
Thermal Reservoir
Irreversible Process
Reversible Process
Clausius Statement: It is impossible for any system to operat…
A special kind of system that always remains at constant temp…
A process is called irreversible if the system and all parts…
A process is reversible if both the system and surroundings c…
Second Law Statements
Clausius Statement: It is impossible for any system to operat…
Thermal Reservoir
A special kind of system that always remains at constant temp…
48 terms
Thermodynamics chapter 1 terms
Conservation of energy principle
First law of thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
Classical thermodynamics
During an interaction, energy can change from one form to ano…
An expression of the conservation of energy principle, and it…
Asserts that energy has quality as well as quantity, and actu…
Macroscopic approach to the study of thermodynamics which doe…
Conservation of energy principle
During an interaction, energy can change from one form to ano…
First law of thermodynamics
An expression of the conservation of energy principle, and it…
43 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 2
Total Energy of a system
Macroscopic form of energy
Microscopic form of energy
Internal Energy U
The sum of all forms of energy such as thermal, kinetic, pote…
Kinetic and Potential Energy
Those related to the molecular structure
The sum of all microscopic forms of energy
Total Energy of a system
The sum of all forms of energy such as thermal, kinetic, pote…
Macroscopic form of energy
Kinetic and Potential Energy
22 terms
Chapter 6: Thermodynamics
energy
law of conservation of energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
the capacity to do work or to produce heat
energy can be converted from on form to another but can be ne…
energy due to position or composition
energy due to the motion of the object and depends on the mas…
energy
the capacity to do work or to produce heat
law of conservation of energy
energy can be converted from on form to another but can be ne…
16 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 2 Terms
kinetic energy
gravitational potential energy
work
work sign convention
(ΔKE) an extensive property measuring the energy knowing only…
(ΔPE) an extensive property measuring the energy at a specifi…
(W) the rate of force with respect to displacement across the…
the work done by the system is positive
kinetic energy
(ΔKE) an extensive property measuring the energy knowing only…
gravitational potential energy
(ΔPE) an extensive property measuring the energy at a specifi…
11 terms
Chapter 6 - thermodynamics
Thermodynamics 2nd law
Calorimetry
Specific heat
Heat
The second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of a…
The precise measurement of heat flow out of a system for chem…
the heat required to raise the temperature of the unit mass o…
quality of being hot; high temperature.
Thermodynamics 2nd law
The second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of a…
Calorimetry
The precise measurement of heat flow out of a system for chem…
19 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 1 Terms
closed system
isolated system
control volume
property
a type of system in which mass does not transfer across the b…
a type of closed system in which mass and energy don't transf…
a type of system, also known as open system, in which mass tr…
a microscopic characteristic of a system to which a numerical…
closed system
a type of system in which mass does not transfer across the b…
isolated system
a type of closed system in which mass and energy don't transf…
33 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter 3
Pure Substance
Compressed Liquid/ Sub-cooled liquid
Saturated Liquid
Saturated Vapor
A substance that has a fixed chemical composition throughout
A liquid that is not about to vaporize
A liquid that is about to vaporize
A vapor that is about to condense
Pure Substance
A substance that has a fixed chemical composition throughout
Compressed Liquid/ Sub-cooled liquid
A liquid that is not about to vaporize
24 terms
Chapter 12: Thermodynamics
Open System
Closed System
Isolated System
State Functions
Can transfer both energy and matter to surroundings.
Energy can be transferred but matter cannot.
Nor energy nor matter can be transferred.
Depend only on initial and final state of a system (E, H, S, G)
Open System
Can transfer both energy and matter to surroundings.
Closed System
Energy can be transferred but matter cannot.
76 terms
Thermodynamics Chapter
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics - Definit…
Thermal Equilibrium
Thermoscope
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics - Implica…
If bodies A and B are in thermal equilibrium with a third bod…
If body A and body B are in intimate contact, and every measu…
A device that is sensitive to temperature change.... The tempera…
Two bodies in thermal equilibrium have the same temperature.…
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics - Definit…
If bodies A and B are in thermal equilibrium with a third bod…
Thermal Equilibrium
If body A and body B are in intimate contact, and every measu…
61 terms
CHEM H Ch 10 thermodynamics
thermodynamics
thermochemistry
energy
work
the study of heat and its interconversions as it changes form
the study of heat associated w chemical reactions
the capacity to do work (J)
w: force x change in distance; directed energy change resulti…
thermodynamics
the study of heat and its interconversions as it changes form
thermochemistry
the study of heat associated w chemical reactions
Thermodynamics Chapter 1
System
Surroundings
boundary
closed system
Whatever we want to study
everything external to the system
distinguishes the system from its surroundings
-particular quantity of matter is being studied... -Always conta…
System
Whatever we want to study
Surroundings
everything external to the system
72 terms
Chapter 7: Thermodynamics
System
Process
First Law of Thermodynamics
Isothermal
...
when a system experiences a change in one or more of its prop…
∆U = Q - W... ∆U = change in internal energy of the system (J)…
Occur when the system's temperature is constant. The total in…
System
...
Process
when a system experiences a change in one or more of its prop…
32 terms
Chapter 3: Thermodynamics
Temperature conversions
Thermal expansion equation
Volume expansion equation
First law of Thermodynamics
F = 9/5C + 32... K = C + 273
Thermal expansion in solids
Thermal expansion for liquids
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
Temperature conversions
F = 9/5C + 32... K = C + 273
Thermal expansion equation
Thermal expansion in solids
22 terms
10 - Thermodynamics
What is an isolated system in thermody…
What is a closed system in thermodynam…
What is an adiabatic transition?
Define heat and give its unit!
A system is isolated if it doesn't exchange either energy or…
A system is closed when it can exchange energy, but no materi…
The transition where no exchange of heat occurs, is called ad…
Heat is energy transferred from one body to another due to di…
What is an isolated system in thermody…
A system is isolated if it doesn't exchange either energy or…
What is a closed system in thermodynam…
A system is closed when it can exchange energy, but no materi…
31 terms
chapter 6: Chemical Thermodynamics
chemical thermodynamics
energy
law of conservation of energy
kinetic energy
the area of chemistry that deals with applying thermodynamics…
is often defined as the ability to work
states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed
to move. associated with motion
chemical thermodynamics
the area of chemistry that deals with applying thermodynamics…
energy
is often defined as the ability to work
15 terms
Chapter 17 Thermodynamics
heat
heat
law of conservation of energy
endothermic
The energy that transfers from one object to another because…
Total kinetic energy of molecules.
Idea that in any chemical or physical process, energy is neit…
Heat absorbing (from surroundings).
heat
The energy that transfers from one object to another because…
heat
Total kinetic energy of molecules.
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