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Study sets matching "thermodynamics"

37 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Chapter 17&18
A kelvin and Celsius
-273 degrees C
Thermal energy
Miami is warmer than Philadelphia
Which of these units of temperature is larger?
The lowest temperature possible in nature is
Internal energy in thermodynamics is the Same as
When Philadelphia temperature is 40 and Miami is 80
A kelvin and Celsius
Which of these units of temperature is larger?
-273 degrees C
The lowest temperature possible in nature is
40 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Vocabulary Builder U03
modus vivendi
modus operandi
ex post facto
quid pro quo
1. A practical compromise or arrangement thais acceptable to…
A usual way of doing something.
Done, made, or formulated after the fact.
Something given or received for something else.
modus vivendi
1. A practical compromise or arrangement thais acceptable to…
modus operandi
A usual way of doing something.
45 termscreated on December 3, 2016
SCI 107 Test 2
What is the difference between an infr…
What is the Kinetic Theory of Matter?
What is one similarity of and one diff…
Why does sound travel faster in hot ai…
Infrasonic sound is less than 20 Hz which is why humans can't…
Matter is made of tiny particles (atoms or molecules) that ar…
-There are 180 divisions between freezing and boiling point o…
Sound travels faster in hot air because the molecules are mor…
What is the difference between an infr…
Infrasonic sound is less than 20 Hz which is why humans can't…
What is the Kinetic Theory of Matter?
Matter is made of tiny particles (atoms or molecules) that ar…
17 termscreated on December 3, 2016
gas laws
boyle's law
charles' law
ideal gas law
combined gas law
states that at a constant temp. the volume of a confined idea…
states if the pressure of a gas remains constant, the volume…
defined as one in which all collisions between atoms or molec…
a gas law which combines charles', and boyle's law, and Gay L…
boyle's law
states that at a constant temp. the volume of a confined idea…
charles' law
states if the pressure of a gas remains constant, the volume…
22 termscreated on December 3, 2016
CCP Biology Chapter 6
Direction and rate
Energy
Kinetic
Potential
Two factors that govern the rate of a chemical reaction
The ability to promote change or work
The energy associated with movement
The energy associated with structure or location
Direction and rate
Two factors that govern the rate of a chemical reaction
Energy
The ability to promote change or work
33 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Energetics
Thermodynamics
Specific heat capacity equation
What unit is C measured in
What does C represent
the process of breaking and making bonds, thus absorbing or r…
q=mc^T
J/K/g
specific heat capacity (assume to be 4.18)
Thermodynamics
the process of breaking and making bonds, thus absorbing or r…
Specific heat capacity equation
q=mc^T
12 termscreated on December 3, 2016
11/11: Intro to Kinetics
Thermodynamics
Kinetics
H2 + 1/2O2 --> 2H2O Gibbs Free Energy…
What are the two types of reaction rat…
-- Able to predict if a rxn is spontaneous or not... -- Predicts…
-- study of rate and the mechanisms of a chemical reaction ... -…
-- with thermodynamics it assumes that due to the negative Gi…
1. Rate of disappearance... 2. Rate of formation... Units M/s (Mol…
Thermodynamics
-- Able to predict if a rxn is spontaneous or not... -- Predicts…
Kinetics
-- study of rate and the mechanisms of a chemical reaction ... -…
10 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Heat
Work
System
The study of processes in which energy is transferred as heat…
The transfer of energy due to the difference in temperature
The transfer of energy that is not due to the difference in t…
Any object or set of objects that we wish to consider
Thermodynamics
The study of processes in which energy is transferred as heat…
Heat
The transfer of energy due to the difference in temperature
42 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Chapter 13 Powerpoint
Metabolism:
Catabolism:
Anabolism:
Energy:
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
breakdown of complex molecules into smaller ones.
reactions that build cells.
is the ability to do work.
Metabolism:
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
Catabolism:
breakdown of complex molecules into smaller ones.
22 termscreated on December 2, 2016
MCAT Physics - Thermodynamics
Thermal Expansion
Volume Expansion
Isolated System
Closed System
∆L=αL∆T
∆V=βV∆T
do not exchange energy or matter with surroundings, change in…
exchange energy but not matter with the environment
Thermal Expansion
∆L=αL∆T
Volume Expansion
∆V=βV∆T
24 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Intermediary Metabolism
What is 1 food calorie equivalent to?
If the thermodynamic energy value of f…
Intermediary metabolism defines pathwa…
The end product of a metabolic pathway…
1000 chemical calories
Equal
Cellular material and energy resources
Little to no
What is 1 food calorie equivalent to?
1000 chemical calories
If the thermodynamic energy value of f…
Equal
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
MCAT - Physics - Work and Energy
Work
Work Equation
System Work
Kinetic Energy
Unit: J = N*m... Work = Force x Distance x cos(theta)
-Piston expands -> work is done by the system (W>0)... -Piston…
Unit = Joules... Energy associated with moving objects
Work
Work Equation
Unit: J = N*m... Work = Force x Distance x cos(theta)
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
MCAT Energy and Work
kinetic energy
energy units
Gravitational Potential Energy
Elastic Potential Energy (spring)
J = (kg*m^2)/(s^2)
kinetic energy
energy units
J = (kg*m^2)/(s^2)
11 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chem 1115 - Unit 6 (Part 2)
______________________ is the study of…
____________________ is the study of h…
Chemical reactions that produce heat (…
Chemical reactions that absorb heat (f…
Thermochemistry
Thermodynamics
exothermic
endothermic
______________________ is the study of…
Thermochemistry
____________________ is the study of h…
Thermodynamics
9 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Review Session 2
Raoult's Law- Basics
Raoult's Law
Definition of Raoult's Law
Colligative Properties
Less vapor pressure, less solvent... p_A= X_a * p_0_a... X_a on x…
works for 2 components that are volatile... pa= xa*p^0_a... pb= xb…
partial VP of each component of an ideal mixture of liquids=…
properties of solutions that depend upon the ratio of the num…
Raoult's Law- Basics
Less vapor pressure, less solvent... p_A= X_a * p_0_a... X_a on x…
Raoult's Law
works for 2 components that are volatile... pa= xa*p^0_a... pb= xb…
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
GRY 135 Test 3 Bloc C
Define air mass
What are source regions?
Review the air mass classification tab…
What are their physical properties? Re…
...
...
...
...
Define air mass
...
What are source regions?
...
28 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Topic 3
Trends in size in periodic table
Electronegativity in the periodic table
Electronegativity
Ionisation
1) Atomic size increases down a group... 2) Atomic size decrease…
Increases going towards the most electronegative element (F)…
A measure of the tendency of an atom in a molecule to attract…
The energy required to remove one mole of electrons form one…
Trends in size in periodic table
1) Atomic size increases down a group... 2) Atomic size decrease…
Electronegativity in the periodic table
Increases going towards the most electronegative element (F)…
110 termscreated on December 2, 2016
NSC 120 Final
The second law of thermodynamics impli…
before a cell divides, it must ___ its…
which of the following selectively abs…
according to jabr, it can take ____ ye…
energy that is available to do work in the universe is decrea…
duplicate
pigments
more than 10
The second law of thermodynamics impli…
energy that is available to do work in the universe is decrea…
before a cell divides, it must ___ its…
duplicate
193 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Plants and Humans Final
Characteristics of living organisms
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Atom
• Composed of cell... • Metabolism... • Respond to Stimuli... • Growth…
self-feeding through photosynthesis
must ingest food
basic unit of matter
Characteristics of living organisms
• Composed of cell... • Metabolism... • Respond to Stimuli... • Growth…
Autotrophic
self-feeding through photosynthesis
39 termscreated on December 2, 2016
chem test #4
thermodynamics
energy
work
heat
the study of energy and its transformations
the capacity to do work/ transfer heat
energy used to cause an object to move against a force
energy used to cause the temperature of an object to increase
thermodynamics
the study of energy and its transformations
energy
the capacity to do work/ transfer heat
55 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Cellular Energy
How do chemical reactions proceed?
When will a net free energy change (de…
Natural processes spontaneously go in…
Given that delta G= Gproducts-Greactan…
With the exchange of free energy between molecules that are d…
If, as individual entities, the free energy of the reactants…
Less free energy
A negative value for the free energy change (-delta G)
How do chemical reactions proceed?
With the exchange of free energy between molecules that are d…
When will a net free energy change (de…
If, as individual entities, the free energy of the reactants…
48 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology Chapter 5
What can diffuse across the cell membr…
What kind of molecule needs extra help…
Three types of passive transport
What is passive transport?
Small, nonpolar molecules
Polar molecules, facilitated diffusion
Diffusion, osmosis, and facilitated diffusion
Diffusion across a cell membrane, doesn't require energy
What can diffuse across the cell membr…
Small, nonpolar molecules
What kind of molecule needs extra help…
Polar molecules, facilitated diffusion
12 termscreated on December 2, 2016
chapter 10
heat
adiabatic system
heat is released
heat is absorbed
transfer of thermal energy between 2 objects at different tem…
q=0
q=neg
q=pos
heat
transfer of thermal energy between 2 objects at different tem…
adiabatic system
q=0
33 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology Reviewer 3 - Law of Thermodynamics
Laws of Thermodynamics
Energy in Systems
Open system
Closed system
1. Law of Conservation of Energy... 2. Law of Entropy
1. Open system ... 2. Closed system... 3. Isolated system
It allows exchange of both matter and energy.
It allows exchange of energy, but not matter.
Laws of Thermodynamics
1. Law of Conservation of Energy... 2. Law of Entropy
Energy in Systems
1. Open system ... 2. Closed system... 3. Isolated system
91 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chemistry Final
five forms of energy
three qualities that make a metal
polar bond sharing
colloids
radiant, mechanical, electrical, chemical, thermal
luster, malleability, conductivity
evenly
homogenous with a charge
five forms of energy
radiant, mechanical, electrical, chemical, thermal
three qualities that make a metal
luster, malleability, conductivity
36 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Energy Unit - Ch. 8 Vocab
activation energy
active site
allosteric regulation
anabolic pathway
The amount of energy that reactant must absorb before a chemi…
The specific person of an enzyme that attaches to the substra…
The binding of a molecule to a protein that affects the funct…
A metabolic pathway that synthesizes a complex molecules from…
activation energy
The amount of energy that reactant must absorb before a chemi…
active site
The specific person of an enzyme that attaches to the substra…
40 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Study Guide 1 - 15
List the basic characteristics or prop…
Place the levels of biological organiz…
Outline the steps in the scientific me…
Distinguish between ionic bonds, coval…
1. complex cellular organization - structural & functional... 2.…
atom - molecules - macromolecule - organelles - cell - tissue…
1. define the problem 2. observation 3. hypothesis 4. experim…
ionic - electron transfer from one atom to another (positivel…
List the basic characteristics or prop…
1. complex cellular organization - structural & functional... 2.…
Place the levels of biological organiz…
atom - molecules - macromolecule - organelles - cell - tissue…
21 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 8 And 9 AP Biology Test
Catabolic
Anabolic
Laws of Thermodynamics
Exergonic
pathways that break down complex molecules into smaller ones,…
pathways that consume energy, building complex molecules from…
...
chemical reactions with a net release of free energy (respira…
Catabolic
pathways that break down complex molecules into smaller ones,…
Anabolic
pathways that consume energy, building complex molecules from…
23 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 8 vocabulary Biology
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
The ability to do work
The study of the flow and transformation of energy in he univ…
All of the chemical reactions in a cell
The anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
Energy
The ability to do work
Thermodynamics
The study of the flow and transformation of energy in he univ…
30 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Ecosystem Ecology
Ecosystem
Biogeochemical Cycle
Carbon Fixation
Aquifers
Community made of biotic and abiotic factors
nutrients cycles, energy flows
Metabolic reactions that make nongaseous compounds from gaseo…
Permeable underground rock holding 95% of the U.S. fresh water
Ecosystem
Community made of biotic and abiotic factors
Biogeochemical Cycle
nutrients cycles, energy flows
37 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Crop Science Exam 4 Review
Plants that grow during short day
The effect of light on organisms
The leaves and seed head bend toward t…
A plant bending toward light sitting i…
Long day Plants
Photoperiodism
Heliotropism
Phototropism
Plants that grow during short day
Long day Plants
The effect of light on organisms
Photoperiodism
111 termscreated on December 2, 2016
All Quizzes for Physics Final
Glass in florist's greenhouse acts as…
When sound waves superimpose they can…
A bow wave is produced when a wave sou…
Caruso is said to have made a crystal…
allows high frequency waves in and blocks low-frequency waves…
constructively or destructively
faster than the waves it produces
resonance
Glass in florist's greenhouse acts as…
allows high frequency waves in and blocks low-frequency waves…
When sound waves superimpose they can…
constructively or destructively
16 termscreated on December 2, 2016
exam- ch11 and 12
for addition of acids to pi bonds, the…
system with 2 pi bonds on central carbon
system with pi bond, single bond, pi b…
1, 2 addition product from H-Br with a…
Markovnikov's Rule
cumulated pi system
conjugated pi system
kinetic product, low
for addition of acids to pi bonds, the…
Markovnikov's Rule
system with 2 pi bonds on central carbon
cumulated pi system
33 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 20 - Ecosystem Energetics
Two forms in which energy exists
First law of Thermodynamics
Entropy
Second law of Thermodynamics
potential energy ... kinetic energy
Describes the conservation of energy... Energy:... can change from…
describes reduction in potential energy
when energy is transferred, entropy increases... a form of energ…
Two forms in which energy exists
potential energy ... kinetic energy
First law of Thermodynamics
Describes the conservation of energy... Energy:... can change from…
19 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chem test #3
a process is spontaneous if it causes…
deltaS is positive, deltaH is negative…
deltaS is negative, deltaH is negative…
deltaS is positive, deltaH is positive…
the second law of thermodynamics states?
spontaneous at all temperatures (deltaS, deltaH, deltaG)
spontaneous at low temperatures (deltaS, deltaH, deltaG)
spontaneous at high temperatures (deltaS, deltaH, deltaG)
a process is spontaneous if it causes…
the second law of thermodynamics states?
deltaS is positive, deltaH is negative…
spontaneous at all temperatures (deltaS, deltaH, deltaG)
33 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Concepts of Chemistry Chapter 6,7,8
Electrolytes
Colloid suspension
what is a saturated solution?
precipitate
solutions of ionic compoounds which produce both positive and…
consist of solute particles distributed throughout a solvent.
solution that is in equillibrium with undissolved solutes.
the excess solute which falls to the bottom of a container.
Electrolytes
solutions of ionic compoounds which produce both positive and…
Colloid suspension
consist of solute particles distributed throughout a solvent.
73 termscreated on December 2, 2016
AP Biology Energy & Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
32 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Ch. 5 Energy of Life
What is the difference between kinetic…
What is thermodynamics?
What can all forms of energy be conver…
What percent of energy converts to heat?
potential energy is stored energy that can be used for motion…
the study of energy or heat changes
heat
99%
What is the difference between kinetic…
potential energy is stored energy that can be used for motion…
What is thermodynamics?
the study of energy or heat changes
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Exam 4- chp 10
when reacted with a grignard reagent a…
product that forms the fastest, least…
product that forms the slowest, most s…
in the presence of Br2 in excess and a…
an alcohol
kinetic product
thermodynamic product
all α hydrogens are replaced with Br
when reacted with a grignard reagent a…
an alcohol
product that forms the fastest, least…
kinetic product
16 termscreated on December 2, 2016
BYU Chem 111 Exam 4
Meaning of letter q
Meaning of letter w
Meaning of ΔU
Meaning of ΔH
heat
work
Energy
Enthalpy
Meaning of letter q
heat
Meaning of letter w
work
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Energy and Enzymes
metabolism
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
energy
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... two main met…
release enrgy to break down complex molecules into simple (hy…
consuming energy to make more complex molecules (dehydration…
the ability to do work
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... two main met…
catabolic pathways
release enrgy to break down complex molecules into simple (hy…
111 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Mass Transport
How is Mass Transport Defined?
What are some of the fundamental physi…
Thermodynamics involves an energy chan…
Based on Thermodynamic Principles, in…
As the movement of molecules from one region to another.
The principles of Thermodynamics and Kinetics.
Directionality
Systems tend to go toward a decrease in free energy.
How is Mass Transport Defined?
As the movement of molecules from one region to another.
What are some of the fundamental physi…
The principles of Thermodynamics and Kinetics.
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Energy Resources and hazardous waste
Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Energy Efficiency
The ability to do work or transfer heat
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
Every energy transfer or transformation increases the entropy…
A measure of how much useful work is accomplished by a partic…
Energy
The ability to do work or transfer heat
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
98 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 5
Define Energy
What is work to a cell?
List two types of energy
Give an example of Potential energy
The capacity to do work
Cell growth and division, Making and breaking bond, moving nu…
Kinetic and Potential
Stored energy
Define Energy
The capacity to do work
What is work to a cell?
Cell growth and division, Making and breaking bond, moving nu…
32 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Glycolysis and Glucogenisis
keto-enol tautomerization
How many ATP produced in glycolysis?
In the conversion of glyceraldehyde-3-…
Net Production of glycolosis?
protonation of a keto group first, followed by movement of el…
Two are used to phosphorylate the glucose, and four are direc…
that 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate is much lower in energy (G°′) th…
2 ATP (2 used, 4 made)... 2NADH... 2 Pyruvate
keto-enol tautomerization
protonation of a keto group first, followed by movement of el…
How many ATP produced in glycolysis?
Two are used to phosphorylate the glucose, and four are direc…
31 termscreated on December 2, 2016
thermodynamics vocab
energy transfer
systems of gas
thermodynamic equilibrium
work
by heat and work
in thermodynamic equilibrium
same temperature and pressure
-F*difference in y axis
energy transfer
by heat and work
systems of gas
in thermodynamic equilibrium
34 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 12 Biochem
metabolism
cells use energy for (3)
anabolic
catabolic
set of reactions that occur in cells that extract energy and…
1. mechanical work (mass over distance)... 2. transporting mater…
energy requiring, precursors built into complex molecules
energy liberating, complex molecules recycled to precursors
metabolism
set of reactions that occur in cells that extract energy and…
cells use energy for (3)
1. mechanical work (mass over distance)... 2. transporting mater…
150 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Review Questions- USC GEOL 205 FALL 2016
The IPAT equation states that:
Earth's population is:
Since Earth's population is:__________…
Which of the following is a non-renewa…
The total impact on the environment is the product of total p…
Close to 7 billion people and increasing
Increasing; based on the IPAT equation, our impact will incre…
Coal
The IPAT equation states that:
The total impact on the environment is the product of total p…
Earth's population is:
Close to 7 billion people and increasing
26 termscreated on December 2, 2016
energy, enzymes, and metabolism
first law of thermodynamics
second law of thermodynamics
gibb's free energy
exergonic
the total energy of an isolated system is constant; energy ca…
in any cyclic process the entropy will either increase or rem…
thermodynamic quantity equal to the enthalpy (of a system or…
(of a metabolic or chemical process) accompanied by the relea…
first law of thermodynamics
the total energy of an isolated system is constant; energy ca…
second law of thermodynamics
in any cyclic process the entropy will either increase or rem…
53 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology Ch 5
According to _____, energy cannot be c…
Most of a cell's enzymes are
Oxygen crosses a plasma membrane by
You are adrift in the Atlantic Ocean,…
the first law of thermodynamics
proteins.
passive transport.
your cells lyse, due to the excessive intake of salt.
According to _____, energy cannot be c…
the first law of thermodynamics
Most of a cell's enzymes are
proteins.
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