Study sets matching "thermodynamics"

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Study sets matching "thermodynamics"

45 termscreated on January 21, 2017
ES100 - Chapter 3
matter
conservation of matter
elements
atoms
everything that takes up space and has mass. 4 distinct state…
matter is transformed and combined in different ways, but it…
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler forms - 12…
smallest particles that exhibit characteristics of an element
matter
everything that takes up space and has mass. 4 distinct state…
conservation of matter
matter is transformed and combined in different ways, but it…
42 termscreated on January 21, 2017
ICE II
Give the formula for the first law of…
Give the formula for the internal ener…
Give the formula for the enthalpy H (d…
Give the formula for the ideal gas equ…
...
...
...
...
Give the formula for the first law of…
...
Give the formula for the internal ener…
...
98 termscreated on January 21, 2017
C3 Protein crystallization
Crystal lattice
Precipitants
Supersaturation
Metastable
periodic construct generated by translation of unit cells alo…
a primary component of a crystallization cocktail that reduce…
thermodynamically metastable state reached by increasing the…
state of a system where upon disturbance or nucleation it ret…
Crystal lattice
periodic construct generated by translation of unit cells alo…
Precipitants
a primary component of a crystallization cocktail that reduce…
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Respiration
How many molecules O2 are required eac…
What's the term for metabolic pathways…
Which of the following statements desc…
Where does glycolysis take place in eu…
6
B. Catabolic pathways
A.
Cytosol
How many molecules O2 are required eac…
6
What's the term for metabolic pathways…
B. Catabolic pathways
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT - Chemistry - 9
chemical kinetics
intermediate
rate determining step
rate
study of how reactions take place and how fast they occure
things produced then consumed in a reaction
the slowest step in a process determines the overall reaction…
indicates how fast reactions are being consumed or how fast p…
chemical kinetics
study of how reactions take place and how fast they occure
intermediate
things produced then consumed in a reaction
80 termscreated on January 20, 2017
metabollics quias
In a metabolic pathway, a specific mol…
___ pathways release energy by breakin…
____ pathways consume energy to build…
___ is the study of how energy flows t…
enzyme
catabolic
anabolic
bioenergetics
In a metabolic pathway, a specific mol…
enzyme
___ pathways release energy by breakin…
catabolic
41 termscreated on January 20, 2017
studying for midterm 1
thermodynamics
energy
KE
internal energy
study of heat and its transformations to other forms of energy
capacity to do work or produce heat
energy of motion; depends on mass and velocity
sum of PE and KE of all particles in system
thermodynamics
study of heat and its transformations to other forms of energy
energy
capacity to do work or produce heat
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Homework 1
Cellular Level of Hierarchical Organiz…
Living and non-living systems have num…
Cells are composed of chemicals and bo…
Scientists have successfully sequenced…
smallest to largest... - carbon, water, carbohydrate, mitochondr…
are composed of cells
True
False
Cellular Level of Hierarchical Organiz…
smallest to largest... - carbon, water, carbohydrate, mitochondr…
Living and non-living systems have num…
are composed of cells
67 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT
Anode
cathode
common ion effect
concentration cell
The positive electrode in electrolysis.
The negative electrode in electrolysis
the shift in equilibrium when a solid is dissolved in an aque…
galvanic cell in which the cathodic half reaction and the ano…
Anode
The positive electrode in electrolysis.
cathode
The negative electrode in electrolysis
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Carbohydrates and Cellular Respiration
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
carbohydrate
glucose
...
...
structure (described in words): ... function:
monomer;
First Law of Thermodynamics
...
Second Law of Thermodynamics
...
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Thermodynamics Ch. 10
State Functions
State Functions
Energy
Pressure
Energy, pressure, volume, temperature
Properties that are determined by the state of a system
State Functions: 1
State Functions: 2
State Functions
Energy, pressure, volume, temperature
State Functions
Properties that are determined by the state of a system
32 termscreated on January 20, 2017
CH. 2 Radiation and the Seasons
Overview:
what powers global climate system?
energy
power
Energy transmission, what causes seasons, how earth's orienta…
1/2,000,000,000 of the energy emitted by the sun reaches eart…
the ability to do work. measured in joules.
the rate of energy transfer (in watts). Rate at which energy…
Overview:
Energy transmission, what causes seasons, how earth's orienta…
what powers global climate system?
1/2,000,000,000 of the energy emitted by the sun reaches eart…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Ecology (Energy Flow)
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Albedo
Laws of Thermodynamics
Produce their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthes…
Get energy by consuming autotrophs or other heterotrophs (con…
Amount of reflected light/energy
1. Energy in a closed system can't be created or destroyed 2.…
Autotroph
Produce their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthes…
Heterotroph
Get energy by consuming autotrophs or other heterotrophs (con…
35 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Lecture 2
Water is
hydrogen bonding
Length of hydrogen bond
Angle between H in H20
1. most abundant substance in living systems... 2. form hydrogen…
electrostatic attraction between two water molecules... weaker a…
0.177 nm
104.5
Water is
1. most abundant substance in living systems... 2. form hydrogen…
hydrogen bonding
electrostatic attraction between two water molecules... weaker a…
33 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Energy Flow and Primary Productivity
Energy
Energy's many forms
Energy flow
Remember: RECYCLING ENERGY IS NOT POSS…
The ability or power to work or make an effort
- heat ... - light ... - biochemical (ATP) ... - electricity (moving e…
Passage of energy is a ONE way direction through an ecosystem…
...
Energy
The ability or power to work or make an effort
Energy's many forms
- heat ... - light ... - biochemical (ATP) ... - electricity (moving e…
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 3 - Energetics & Catalysis
First and second laws of thermodynamics
Entropy
Oxidation and reductions
Free energy
...
...
...
...
First and second laws of thermodynamics
...
Entropy
...
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 10 States of Matter
Polar covalent bond (ML)
Dispersion force (ML)
Dipole-dipole force (ML)
Hydrogen bond (ML)
a covalent bond between two atoms where the electrons forming…
a weak intermolecular force between two atoms or molecules in…
attractive forces between the positive end of one polar molec…
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
Polar covalent bond (ML)
a covalent bond between two atoms where the electrons forming…
Dispersion force (ML)
a weak intermolecular force between two atoms or molecules in…
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
ap bio chapter 6
laws of thermodynamics
metabolism
ATP
metabolic pathway
1: law of conservation of energy- cant be created or destroye…
sum of cellular chemical reactions in cells... free energy- ener…
high energy compound, drives metabolic reactions, not stores…
reactions occur in sequence, products of earlier reaction bec…
laws of thermodynamics
1: law of conservation of energy- cant be created or destroye…
metabolism
sum of cellular chemical reactions in cells... free energy- ener…
123 termscreated on January 20, 2017
OPTION C ENERGY C1 + C3 + C6 + C7 + C8
define energy
what is the first law of thermodynamics
what is a useful energy source
define renewable energy
the ability to do work and is measured in JOULES
energy within a closed system can neither be created nor dest…
it must release energy at reasonable rates and produce minima…
one that is naturally replenishing
define energy
the ability to do work and is measured in JOULES
what is the first law of thermodynamics
energy within a closed system can neither be created nor dest…
45 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biochem II: Chapter 6 Concepts of Enzyme Action
Proteolytic enzymes
What is the specificity of an enzyme d…
Hydrolysases
Lyases
catalyze proteolysis (hydrolysis of a peptide bond)
the precise interaction between the substrate and the enzyme
split molecules by the addition of water
adds atoms or functional group to a double bond or removes th…
Proteolytic enzymes
catalyze proteolysis (hydrolysis of a peptide bond)
What is the specificity of an enzyme d…
the precise interaction between the substrate and the enzyme
44 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry 3: Oxygen Containing Reactions
boiling point of alcohols
electron donating groups
alcohol basicity/acidity
formation of mesylates and tosylates
↑ with molecular weight... ↓ with branching
EWGs make alcohols more acidic ... EDG make alcohols more basic…
boiling point of alcohols
↑ with molecular weight... ↓ with branching
electron donating groups
44 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biochem II Exam 1
Metabolic Pathway
Metabolites
Catabolism
Anabolism
series of... connected enzymatic reactions that... produce specific…
reactants, intermediates,... and products.
degradation.... Nutrients broken down to salvage... their component…
biosynthesis.... Biomolecules are synthesized from... simpler compo…
Metabolic Pathway
series of... connected enzymatic reactions that... produce specific…
Metabolites
reactants, intermediates,... and products.
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
bio ch 8 midterm
Which term most precisely describes th…
Which of the following is (are) true f…
first law of thermodynamics
Which of the following types of reacti…
catabolism
They consume energy to build up polymers from monomers.
energy cannot be created or destroyed
anabolic reactions (dehydration reaction)
Which term most precisely describes th…
catabolism
Which of the following is (are) true f…
They consume energy to build up polymers from monomers.
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Environmental Science Test #6
The ability to do work
Exerting force over distance
Push or a pull
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
Energy
Work
Force
First law of thermodynamics
The ability to do work
Energy
Exerting force over distance
Work
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
kaplan physics and math
kinetic energy... 2.1
datum... 2.1
Potential energy... 2.1
elastic potential energy... 2.1
K = ½ mv²... K kinetic energy... m=mass in kg... v=velocity/speed
Zero potential energy position
U = mgh... U = potential energy... m= mass in kg... g= gravity acceler…
U = ½kx²... U = potential energy... k = spring constant... x = magnitu…
kinetic energy... 2.1
K = ½ mv²... K kinetic energy... m=mass in kg... v=velocity/speed
datum... 2.1
Zero potential energy position
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Enzymes as Catalysts
enzyme
ribozyme
active site
primary structure
protein functioning as biological catalyst; remains unchanged
RNA acting as catalyst
where the substrate binds to enzyme; where chemistry happens
sequence of aa's in polypeptide chain; held by covalent pepti…
enzyme
protein functioning as biological catalyst; remains unchanged
ribozyme
RNA acting as catalyst
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Things to know
second law of thermodynamics
ecosystems energy pyramid
compromise the environment
cellular respiration
useable energy is lost whenever energy is converted from one…
it is wide at the base and narrow at the top because the amou…
abiotic and biotic
carbon dioxide is released into the air by plants and animals
second law of thermodynamics
useable energy is lost whenever energy is converted from one…
ecosystems energy pyramid
it is wide at the base and narrow at the top because the amou…
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Ch 9
Exteronic
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Endergonic reactions
The breakdown of molecules
Fermentation is a partial degradation of sugars that go witho…
Build complicated molecules from simpler and consume engery
The absorption of free energy and its surroundings
Exteronic
The breakdown of molecules
Catabolic pathways
Fermentation is a partial degradation of sugars that go witho…
32 termscreated on January 20, 2017
***
What was aristotle's view on matter
What was Democritus's view on matter.…
What did Robert Boyle discover
In 1808, John dalton laid the foundati…
Matter was made up of Fire, Earth, Air, and Water
All matter was made up of small indivisible particles. Known…
Gases are made up of tiny particles
1. All matter is made from mass... 2. Each element has its own u…
What was aristotle's view on matter
Matter was made up of Fire, Earth, Air, and Water
What was Democritus's view on matter.…
All matter was made up of small indivisible particles. Known…
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT FlashCards
Convection
Conduction
Radiation
Ionic Bonds
Heat transfer occurring only in fluids in which energy is tra…
Heat transfer through direct contact of two objects in which…
Transfer of heat through electromagnetic particles (e.g., inf…
When one atom has a significantly greater electronegative tha…
Convection
Heat transfer occurring only in fluids in which energy is tra…
Conduction
Heat transfer through direct contact of two objects in which…
56 termscreated on January 20, 2017
APES Final Powerpoints
biotic community
species
populations
associations
groupings of plants, animals, and microbes
different kinds of plants, animals, and microbes in the commu…
species in the same area
how a biotic community fits into the landscape
biotic community
groupings of plants, animals, and microbes
species
different kinds of plants, animals, and microbes in the commu…
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biochem definitions
isomer
sterioisomers
geometric isomers
cis
a molecule with the same molecular formula as another molecul…
when two molecules are made up of the same atoms, connected i…
molecules that are locked into their spatial positions with r…
if the two groups of molecules are on the same side of the do…
isomer
a molecule with the same molecular formula as another molecul…
sterioisomers
when two molecules are made up of the same atoms, connected i…
17 termscreated on January 20, 2017
T1.01_Principles of Refrigeration
Cooling
warmair.com
The cooling of our buildings is based…
2-nd law of thermodynamics
is the removal of heat from a building. More accurately, it i…
The inside the house/building is like a puddle (лужа) of heat…
1) 2-nd law of thermodynamics... 2) Principles of refrigeration
heat will move from an area of high concentration to an area…
Cooling
is the removal of heat from a building. More accurately, it i…
warmair.com
The inside the house/building is like a puddle (лужа) of heat…
36 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Final exam physics
The normal force
The direction of normal force
Kinematics
Mechanics
A force which exerted by a surface on an object, and always p…
Its direction points opposite to the gravity force acting on…
The description of how objects move
The study how and why the motion occurs
The normal force
A force which exerted by a surface on an object, and always p…
The direction of normal force
Its direction points opposite to the gravity force acting on…
33 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 4-5
Cell theory
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Organelles
organisms are made of cells; smallest unit of life
The cells outermost membrane that controls exchanges
Semifluid substance enclosed in the membrane; where metabolic…
Structures that carry out special functions
Cell theory
organisms are made of cells; smallest unit of life
Plasma membrane
The cells outermost membrane that controls exchanges
90 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 4 Bio
Biofuels and Fossil Fuels
Energy Conversions
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
- Chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms... -Energy is stored in t…
- All life depends on capturing energy from the sun and conve…
- the process by which plants capture energy from the sun and…
- the process by which all living organisms release the energ…
Biofuels and Fossil Fuels
- Chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms... -Energy is stored in t…
Energy Conversions
- All life depends on capturing energy from the sun and conve…
52 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Lecture 3 - Cell Biology
What are the three forms of energy?
What is Bioenergetics?
What is Catabolic?
What is Anabolic (biosynthetic)?
Bioenergetics, Catabolic and Anabolic
the study of how organisms manage their energy resources via…
pathways release energy by breaking down complex molecules in…
pathways consume energy to build complex molecules from simpl…
What are the three forms of energy?
Bioenergetics, Catabolic and Anabolic
What is Bioenergetics?
the study of how organisms manage their energy resources via…
34 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Thermodynamics
thermodynamics
letter to represent heat
when q is negative the transfer of ene…
when q is positive the transfer of ene…
the study of energy transfers and transformations
q
exothermic
endothermic
thermodynamics
the study of energy transfers and transformations
letter to represent heat
q
49 termscreated on January 20, 2017
A&P chemistry
Electron shells... 1st level:... 2nd level:…
Law of conservation of mass:
tells you how many atoms in the molecule
if protons = electrons
2... 8... 8... 18
"mass can neither be created nor destroyed, only changed"
subscript
neutral
Electron shells... 1st level:... 2nd level:…
2... 8... 8... 18
Law of conservation of mass:
"mass can neither be created nor destroyed, only changed"
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
APES REVIEW
Photosynthesis formula
Cellular respiration is done by
Cellular respiration formula
What is unequal heating caused by
CO2+Water+Sunlight=O2 and Glucose
Animals and plants at night
O2+Glucose=CO2+ATP+H20
The earths shape which causes solar rays to hit the equator a…
Photosynthesis formula
CO2+Water+Sunlight=O2 and Glucose
Cellular respiration is done by
Animals and plants at night
7 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Part 2 chapter 22 vocab ap euro
Labor aristocracy
Sweated industries
Thermodynamics
Second industrial revolution
The highly skilled workers such as factory Foremen and constr…
Poorly paid handicraft production often by married women paid…
A branch of physics built on Newton's laws of mechanics that…
The burst of industrial creativity and technological innovati…
Labor aristocracy
The highly skilled workers such as factory Foremen and constr…
Sweated industries
Poorly paid handicraft production often by married women paid…
46 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Focus 4 - Part 2
entropy of isothermal expansion of gas
absolute entropy
Third Law of Thermodynamics
explanation for Third Law
ΔS = q(rev) / T = -w / T = -nRln(V2/V1)
S(T) = S(0) + ΔS ... S(0) = entropy at 0K... ΔS = change in entropy…
for a perfect crystal, S --> 0 as T --> 0... for an imperfect c…
at 0K, all of the molecules are in their ground state ... S = kl…
entropy of isothermal expansion of gas
ΔS = q(rev) / T = -w / T = -nRln(V2/V1)
absolute entropy
S(T) = S(0) + ΔS ... S(0) = entropy at 0K... ΔS = change in entropy…
159 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cell Bio Ch 1
Why is cell biology "reductionist"?
Most enzymes are what kind of macromol…
Biologists are very aware or intereste…
one of the first major figures in unde…
studying the parts of the whole cell can explain the characte…
protein
Structure-function relationships
Francis Crick
Why is cell biology "reductionist"?
studying the parts of the whole cell can explain the characte…
Most enzymes are what kind of macromol…
protein
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Physiology & Metabolism
Cytoplasm vs. cytosol
Integral vs. peripheral proteins
Fluid mosaic model
Membrane junctions
Cytoplasm: all liquid contents of the cell except nucleopla…
Integral membrane proteins: can only be dissociated from me…
Membrane has kinetic motion (lateral movement and kinetic vib…
A cell can have all 3 types or none of them... Gap junction:
Cytoplasm vs. cytosol
Cytoplasm: all liquid contents of the cell except nucleopla…
Integral vs. peripheral proteins
Integral membrane proteins: can only be dissociated from me…
21 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio 30 final review
Characteristics of life
Taxonomy
Cell theory
Spontaneous generation
Composed of one or more cells, displays organization, grows a…
Is the classification of living things
All living organisms are composed of one or more cell, cells…
Life arises from non-life. Disproved by Redi
Characteristics of life
Composed of one or more cells, displays organization, grows a…
Taxonomy
Is the classification of living things
55 termscreated on January 20, 2017
AP Chemistry Midterm review
Heisenbergs uncertainty principle
Pauli Exclusion principle
Coulumbs Law
Shielding
The more accurately you know electron position (smaller chang…
No two electrons in an atom can have the same four quantum nu…
Describes attractions and repulsion of electrons... Potential en…
Electrons experience both a positive charge of the nucleus an…
Heisenbergs uncertainty principle
The more accurately you know electron position (smaller chang…
Pauli Exclusion principle
No two electrons in an atom can have the same four quantum nu…
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology 8.1 Quiz
Photosynthesis Equation
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
6CO2 + 6H2O > C6H12O6 + 6O2
Energy can niether be created nor destroyed but it can be con…
is the ability to do work
states that energy cannot be converted without the loss of us…
Photosynthesis Equation
6CO2 + 6H2O > C6H12O6 + 6O2
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy can niether be created nor destroyed but it can be con…
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
APES- Energy (part 1) test review
1st law of Thermodynamics
2nd law of Thermodynamics
Fossil Fuels (dirtiest to cleanest)
All fossil fuels contain ___________
Energy is neither created or destroyed
Energy becomes less useful when it changes from to form to an…
coal-oil-Natural gas
impurities
1st law of Thermodynamics
Energy is neither created or destroyed
2nd law of Thermodynamics
Energy becomes less useful when it changes from to form to an…
66 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Egan's Chapter 6 - Physics
Three states of matter
Internal energy of matter
Absolute zero
Temperature scales
Solid, Liquid, Gas
-Potential energy... -Kinetic energy
No kinetic energy
-Kelvin... -Celsius
Three states of matter
Solid, Liquid, Gas
Internal energy of matter
-Potential energy... -Kinetic energy
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
ATP and enzymes
Energy
E
Energy can neither be created nor dest…
1 usable form of energy cannot be comp…
The ability or capacity to do work
Energy
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
Energy
The ability or capacity to do work
E
Energy
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