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Study sets matching "thinking intelligence learning"

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Study sets matching "thinking intelligence learning"

101 terms
Psych.-Thinking, Intelligence, Learning
Intelligence
Most Psychologists believe intelligenc…
reification
General Intelligence
ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use our…
concept and not a thing ... -when we think of intelligence as a…
viewing an abstract concept as a concrete thing (viewing inte…
Charles Spearman came up with the idea that general intellige…
Intelligence
ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use our…
Most Psychologists believe intelligenc…
concept and not a thing ... -when we think of intelligence as a…
27 terms
Intelligence/Thinking/Learning
How to determine IQ
Flynn Effect
Algorithm vs Heuristics
What happened to Genie?
Mental age/chronological age x 100 = IQ
Each generation scores higher on an IQ test than the past gen…
Algorithm: a step-by-step procedure that guarantees a solutio…
She didn't learn language during the critical period. Because…
How to determine IQ
Mental age/chronological age x 100 = IQ
Flynn Effect
Each generation scores higher on an IQ test than the past gen…
76 terms
Thinking, intelligence, learning
Intelligence
What do most psychologists believe abo…
reification
2 controversies about intelligence
ability to learn from experience, solve problems and use our…
it is a concept, not a thing
viewing an abstract immaterial concept as if it were a concre…
-is it a single overall ability or is it several specific abi…
Intelligence
ability to learn from experience, solve problems and use our…
What do most psychologists believe abo…
it is a concept, not a thing
43 terms
Thinking, Learning, & Intelligence
Mental activities involved with acquir…
Manipulation of mental representations…
Metal representation of objects or eve…
Mental category we have formed to grou…
Cognition
Thinking.........
Mental Image
Concept
Mental activities involved with acquir…
Cognition
Manipulation of mental representations…
Thinking.........
Psychology Thinking, Learning and Intelligence
cognition
thinking
concept
prototype model
the way in which information is processed and manipulated in…
-the process of manipulating information mentally by forming…
-a mental category that is used to group objects, events, and…
a model emphasizing that when people evaluate whether a given…
cognition
the way in which information is processed and manipulated in…
thinking
-the process of manipulating information mentally by forming…
88 terms
Learning/ Thinking and Intelligence
associative learning
instinct
learing
reflex
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or…
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior;…
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experie…
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in…
associative learning
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or…
instinct
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior;…
24 terms
Thinking, Intelligence, and Learning
Cognition
Artificial Inteligence
Thinking
Concepts
The way in which ingormation is proccesed and manipulated in…
A scientific field that focuses on creating machines capable…
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
Mental categories that are used to group objects, events, and…
Cognition
The way in which ingormation is proccesed and manipulated in…
Artificial Inteligence
A scientific field that focuses on creating machines capable…
25 terms
thinking intelligence learning
achievement test
algorithm
aptitude test
belief bias
a standardized test that is designed to measure an individual…
methodical, logical procedures that guarantee a solution
designed to predict learning capacity for a particular area o…
he results that happen when an individual's own biases affect…
achievement test
a standardized test that is designed to measure an individual…
algorithm
methodical, logical procedures that guarantee a solution
50 terms
Psychology - Thinking, Learning + Intelligence
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
mental activity, processing, understanding + communicating info
mental grouping of similar objects events or people
he best example of a category
Step by step procedure that guarantees a solution
Cognition
mental activity, processing, understanding + communicating info
Concept
mental grouping of similar objects events or people
29 terms
Thinking, Intelligence, and Learning
concepts
prototype model
fixation
functional fixedness
mental categories that are used to group objects, events and…
compare the item with the most typical items in that category
involves using a prior strategy and failing to look at proble…
occurs when induviduals fail to solve a problem because they…
concepts
mental categories that are used to group objects, events and…
prototype model
compare the item with the most typical items in that category
25 terms
Thinking Learning and intelligence
Trial and Error
Algorithm
Heuristics
Insight
Trying again and again to get an answer. Lengthy
Following directions to get to an answer
Simple rule of thumb strategies. Winging it almost
Answer comes to you. Ah ha moment
Trial and Error
Trying again and again to get an answer. Lengthy
Algorithm
Following directions to get to an answer
24 terms
Thinking & intelligence/memory/learning
Heuristic
Dialectic
Metacognition
Cognitive dissonance
Rule of thumb that suggests a course of action or guides prob…
...
The knowledge or awareness of ones own cognitive processes
State of tensions that occurs when a person simultaneously ho…
Heuristic
Rule of thumb that suggests a course of action or guides prob…
Dialectic
...
31 terms
Thinking,Learning,intelligence
Trial and Error
Algorithm
Heuristics
Insight
We try something many time until we finally get the correct a…
Methodical, step by step procedure
Simple rule of thumb strategies (expectations)
When the answer just comes to you
Trial and Error
We try something many time until we finally get the correct a…
Algorithm
Methodical, step by step procedure
65 terms
Thinking, Learning, and Intelligence
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar things
a mental image or example of a category
a methodical, logical procedure that guarantees solving a pro…
cognition
all mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar things
47 terms
Psychology Thinking, Learning, & Intelligence
Three Units of Thought
Convergent
Divergent
Metacognition
Metacognition, Convergent, Divergent
directed thinking; thinking that is limited to available facts
a thought process that attempts to generate multiple solution…
planning, evaluating, and monitoring mental activities; think…
Three Units of Thought
Metacognition, Convergent, Divergent
Convergent
directed thinking; thinking that is limited to available facts
67 terms
Chapter 7 (Thinking, Intelligence, and Learning)
cognition
artificial intelligence
cognitive psychology
thinking
The way in which information is processed and manipulated in…
A scientific field that focuses on creating machines capable…
became a label for approaches that sought to explain observab…
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
cognition
The way in which information is processed and manipulated in…
artificial intelligence
A scientific field that focuses on creating machines capable…
110 terms
Chapter 7: Thinking. learning, & Intelligence
THINKING
MENTAL IMAGES
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
CONCEPTS
The manipulation of mental representations of information
Representations in the mind that resemble the object or event…
The branch of Psychology that focuses on the study of higher…
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, or people
THINKING
The manipulation of mental representations of information
MENTAL IMAGES
Representations in the mind that resemble the object or event…
46 terms
Chapter 8 Thinking, Intelligence, and Learning
Cognition- the way in which informatio…
Artificial intelligence (AI)- a scient…
Thinking- the process of manipulating…
concepts- mental categories that are u…
...
...
...
...
Cognition- the way in which informatio…
...
Artificial intelligence (AI)- a scient…
...
28 terms
Unit 5: Thinking learning and intelligence
algorithm
availability heuristic
belief bias
belief perseverance
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availabili…
the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical…
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on whic…
algorithm
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
availability heuristic
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availabili…
48 terms
Chpt 9: Thinking, Learning and Intelligence
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
57 terms
Unit 4: Thinking, Learning, Intelligence
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
BASIC UNITS OF SOUND. ... example: cat (k/a/t)
smallest meaningful units of speech... examples: red, hot, calm
Sentence structure
Language
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
Phonemes
BASIC UNITS OF SOUND. ... example: cat (k/a/t)
58 terms
Unit 4: Thinking, Learning, Intelligence
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
BASIC UNITS OF SOUND. ... example: cat (k/a/t)
smallest meaningful units of speech... examples: red, hot, calm
Sentence structure
Language
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
Phonemes
BASIC UNITS OF SOUND. ... example: cat (k/a/t)
64 terms
Unit 4: Thinking, Learning, Intelligence
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
BASIC UNITS OF SOUND. ... example: cat (k/a/t)
smallest meaningful units of speech... examples: red, hot, calm
Sentence structure
Language
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
Phonemes
BASIC UNITS OF SOUND. ... example: cat (k/a/t)
34 terms
Chapter 7: thinking, learning and intelligence.
Cognition
Thinking
Mental Images
Concepts
The mental activities involved in acquirig, retaining, and us…
Manipulating mental representations of information in order t…
A mental representation of objects or events that aren't phys…
Mental categories we form to group objects, events, or situat…
Cognition
The mental activities involved in acquirig, retaining, and us…
Thinking
Manipulating mental representations of information in order t…
Chapter 8 Thinking, Learning, & Intelligence
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, and people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees you w…
cognition
thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
concept
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, and people
34 terms
Chapter 9 Thinking, Learning, Intelligence
cognition
concepts
prototype
algorithm
all mental activities associated with processing, understandi…
mental brink of similar objects, events, and people (way to o…
mental image we create that incorporates all features that we…
a step by step procedure that guarantees a solution; have to…
cognition
all mental activities associated with processing, understandi…
concepts
mental brink of similar objects, events, and people (way to o…
36 terms
Chpt 7: Thinking, Learning, Intelligence
Thinking (Cognition)... Intelligence
Thinking
Concepts
Problem Solving
How people think... How well we think
Problem solving... Making decisions... Manipulating information... For…
Mental categories used to group objects, events, & characteri…
Finding a way to attain a goal when goal is not readily avail…
Thinking (Cognition)... Intelligence
How people think... How well we think
Thinking
Problem solving... Making decisions... Manipulating information... For…
42 terms
Thinking and Intelligence/memory/Learning test
Concept
Examples of concept
Propositions
Examples of propositions
A mental category that groups objects, relations, activities,…
Prototype, a representative or most commonplace example of th…
A unit of meaning that is made up of concepts and expresses a…
Knowledge (Venus fly traps eat flies for nutrients) or belief…
Concept
A mental category that groups objects, relations, activities,…
Examples of concept
Prototype, a representative or most commonplace example of th…
29 terms
learning, thinking and intelligence, and motivation and emotion
non-associative learning
habituation
sensitization
associative learning
learning about a stimulus, such as sight or sound, in the ext…
when our behavioral response to a stimulus decreases
when our behavioral response to a stimulus increases
learning the relationship between two pieces of information
non-associative learning
learning about a stimulus, such as sight or sound, in the ext…
habituation
when our behavioral response to a stimulus decreases
88 terms
Learning; Memory; Thinking, language, and intelligence
learning
associative learning
stimulus
cognitive learning
the process of acquiring through experience new and relativel…
learning that certain events occur together
any event or situation that evokes a response
leaning by observing events, watching others, or through lang…
learning
the process of acquiring through experience new and relativel…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together
23 terms
Thinking and Intelligence/ Memory/ Learning Test
Concepts
Propostions
Mental images
Cognitive schema
Mental category that groups objects, relations, activities, a…
Unit of meaning that is made up of concepts and expresses a s…
Mental representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it…
Integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectat…
Concepts
Mental category that groups objects, relations, activities, a…
Propostions
Unit of meaning that is made up of concepts and expresses a s…
62 terms
Experience Psychology Chapter 7 Thinking, Intelligence and Learning
cognition
Herbert Simon
artificial intelligence (AI)
thinking
The way in which information is processes and manipulated in…
Compared the human mind to computer processing systems.
A scientific field that focuses on creating machines capable…
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
cognition
The way in which information is processes and manipulated in…
Herbert Simon
Compared the human mind to computer processing systems.
61 terms
Psychology 200-Learning, Memory, Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Learning
Associative Learning
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
Two things that occur together... Lightening------>Thunder
-Classical Conditioning... -Russian Physician... -Nobel Prize in 19…
Organism comes to associate stimuli that were previously unre…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
Associative Learning
Two things that occur together... Lightening------>Thunder
77 terms
Midterm two terms: Learning, Memory, Thinking, Intelligence
Perspective of learning theory
Habituation
Dishabituation
Classical conditioning -- discovered b…
Learning involves forming simple associations. Complex learni…
Simplest form of learning: decline in response to stimuli tha…
Organism learns that a previously predictable stimulus has no…
Animals learn about association between one stimulus and anot…
Perspective of learning theory
Learning involves forming simple associations. Complex learni…
Habituation
Simplest form of learning: decline in response to stimuli tha…
42 terms
Psychology (Thinking, Learning, and Intelligence) Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities and processes associated with thinking,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a concept
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities and processes associated with thinking,…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
33 terms
Experience Psychology Chapter 7 Thinking, Intelligence and Learning
cognition
thinking
concept
problem solving
The way in which information is processes and manipulated in…
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
A mental category that is used to group objects, events, and…
The mental process of finding an appropriate way to attain a…
cognition
The way in which information is processes and manipulated in…
thinking
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
14 terms
Psychology Chapter 7 - Thinking, Learning, and Intelligence
Language
Grammar
Syntax
Semantics
A form of communication using sounds and symbols combined acc…
The system of rules (syntax and semantics) used to create lan…
grammatical rules for putting words in the correct order
system of rules for using words to create meaning ... Ex: Jabber…
Language
A form of communication using sounds and symbols combined acc…
Grammar
The system of rules (syntax and semantics) used to create lan…
11 terms
Unit 2---Learning, Thinking, Language, and Intelligence Psych
Classical Conditioning/Pavlov
Conditioned Response
Application of Classical Conditioning
Animal Research/Ethics
learning: process through which experience modifies pre-exist…
Taste Aversion---learned avoidance to a particular food... Exti…
Can help to overcome phobias immune responses... Based on theory…
Punishment---involves the presentation of an aversive stimulu…
Classical Conditioning/Pavlov
learning: process through which experience modifies pre-exist…
Conditioned Response
Taste Aversion---learned avoidance to a particular food... Exti…
Psy 101 Chapter 7 thinking, learning, and intelligence
Cognition
Thinking
Mental image
Concept
The mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
The manipulation of mental representations of information in…
A mental representations of objects or events that are not ph…
A mental category if objects or ideas based on properties the…
Cognition
The mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
Thinking
The manipulation of mental representations of information in…
46 terms
Psych Ch. 7: Thinking, Learning, and Intelligence
cognition
thinking
mental image
concept
The mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
The manipulation of mental representations of information in…
A mental representation of objects or events that are not phy…
A mental category of objects or ideas based on properties the…
cognition
The mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
thinking
The manipulation of mental representations of information in…
AP Psych: Intelligence, Learning, Thinking and Language
Which of the following behaviors indic…
Little Millie covers her ears every ti…
Pavlov's dog learned to anticipate foo…
In classical conditioning situations,…
C. Simon whines whenever he wants something.
B. classical conditioning.
C. CR
B. UCS-UCR; CS-CR
Which of the following behaviors indic…
C. Simon whines whenever he wants something.
Little Millie covers her ears every ti…
B. classical conditioning.
92 terms
Learning, Memory, Thinking, Intelligence, Language, Motivation and Emotions
Learning
Associative Learning
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through e…
Making a connection between two events.
Is the stimulus that produces a response without prior learni…
Is the unlearned response automatically elicited by an uncond…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through e…
Associative Learning
Making a connection between two events.
37 terms
Chapter 4- Intelligence, Thinking and Learning. PSY-108
The existence of savant syndrome—limit…
Sternberg's three aspects of intellige…
Which of the following is NOT a charac…
Emotionally intelligent people tend to:
Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. ... The existence o…
academic, practical, and creative.
Extrinsic motivation is NOT a characteristic of a creative pe…
Emotionally intelligent people tend to succeed in their caree…
The existence of savant syndrome—limit…
Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. ... The existence o…
Sternberg's three aspects of intellige…
academic, practical, and creative.
29 terms
Thinking and Intelligence
Thinking
Well Defined Problem
Ill Defined Problem
Fixation
The processing of information to solve problems and make judg…
A problem with clear specifications of the start state, goal…
A problem lacking clear specification of either the start sta…
The inability to create a new interpretation of a problem
Thinking
The processing of information to solve problems and make judg…
Well Defined Problem
A problem with clear specifications of the start state, goal…
81 terms
Psychology of Learning, Stress & Health Psychology, Thinking, Language, & Intelligence
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus
Susie's Grandma always smells like cookies because she bakes…
consequences as a result of behavior
becomes the conditioned stimulus after being paired with the…
the thing you don't have to learn to respond to
Classical Conditioning
Susie's Grandma always smells like cookies because she bakes…
Operant Conditioning
consequences as a result of behavior
116 terms
Memory, Psychology of Learning, Stress & Health Psychology, Thinking, Language, & Intelligence
Implicit Memory
Misinformation Effect
Memory Consolidation
Anterograde Amnesia
includes procedural memories, conditioned memories, and priming
individuals frequently create false memories as a result of t…
the process of stabilizing or "cementing" a memory
a condition where a person cannot make new memories
Implicit Memory
includes procedural memories, conditioned memories, and priming
Misinformation Effect
individuals frequently create false memories as a result of t…
43 terms
Unit 10 Thinking, Learning, and Intelligence (Chapter 7) - AP Psych
Term
Cognition
Thinking
Mental images
Definition (Example)
The mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
The manipulation of mental representations of information in…
A mental representation of objects or events that are not phy…
Term
Definition (Example)
Cognition
The mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining, and u…
23 terms
Thinking and Intelligence
Thinking (Cognition)
mental images
concepts
prototype
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is or…
mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
ideas that represent a class or category of objects, events,…
an example of a concept that closely matches the defining cha…
Thinking (Cognition)
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is or…
mental images
mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
11 terms
Thinking and Intelligence
Thinking
Concepts
prototypes
Problem
unobservable activity by which a person changes and reorganiz…
ideas that represent a category of objects
an example of a concept that best symbolizes that concept. It…
a situation in which there is a discrepancy between one's cur…
Thinking
unobservable activity by which a person changes and reorganiz…
Concepts
ideas that represent a category of objects
49 terms
Thinking and Intelligence
Cognition
Symbol
Concept
Prototype
(also thinking) refers to all the mental activities associate…
an object that represents, stands for, or suggests an idea, v…
-Mental groups of similar objects, events and people... -Sometim…
form some concepts through an exemplar- that which is MORE re…
Cognition
(also thinking) refers to all the mental activities associate…
Symbol
an object that represents, stands for, or suggests an idea, v…
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