Study sets matching "topical agents glaucoma all"

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Study sets matching "topical agents glaucoma all"

Drug Cards: Topical Glaucoma Agents
Bimatoprost
Bimatoprost Dose
Bimatoprost Indications
Bimatoprost Adverse Effects
Lumigan... Latisse
1 gtt in affected eye(s) QPM
Reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with o…
Common: conjunctival hyperemia, growth of eyelashes, ocular p…
Bimatoprost
Lumigan... Latisse
Bimatoprost Dose
1 gtt in affected eye(s) QPM
17 terms
Generic/Class - Topical Agents
Bimatoprost
Brimonidine (tartrate)
Clobetasol (propionate)
Clotrimazole and Betamethasone (diprop…
Glaucoma agent
Glaucoma agent
Steroidal anti-inflammatory
Topical antifungal
Bimatoprost
Glaucoma agent
Brimonidine (tartrate)
Glaucoma agent
17 terms
Brand/Class - Topical Agents
Alphagan P
Anusol-HC... Proctosol-HC
Bactroban
Cosopt
Glaucoma agent
Topical corticosteroid
Topical antibiotic
Glaucoma agent
Alphagan P
Glaucoma agent
Anusol-HC... Proctosol-HC
Topical corticosteroid
9. *Ophthalmic Agents for Glaucoma
Latanoprost
Dorzolamide
Brimonidine
Timolol
Chronic Glaucoma (DOC), Fuller eyelashes... Prostaglandin:... Topi…
Glaucoma (CI: sulfa-drug sensitivity)... Carbonic Anhydrase Inh…
Glaucoma (usually adjunct)... Agonist: α2... Topical ... ↓secretion... M…
Chronic Glaucoma (DOC) (commonly)... Antagonist: β-nonselective…
Latanoprost
Chronic Glaucoma (DOC), Fuller eyelashes... Prostaglandin:... Topi…
Dorzolamide
Glaucoma (CI: sulfa-drug sensitivity)... Carbonic Anhydrase Inh…
Glaucoma
Definition of Glaucoma?
Which of the following is not a cause…
T/F. With glaucoma, peripheral vision…
Open Angle Glaucoma or (POAG) generall…
-a group of disorders characterized by damage to the optic ne…
(B). Intraocular pressure associated with Glaucoma can be cau…
True.
both. (bilateral). Generally a chronic illness.
Definition of Glaucoma?
-a group of disorders characterized by damage to the optic ne…
Which of the following is not a cause…
(B). Intraocular pressure associated with Glaucoma can be cau…
31 terms
Glaucoma
lower than 50... african american... monocul…
5db
3 IOP... 2 VF... gonio ... pachymetry ... evalate…
No glauc... high myope... -rim okay, slopoing
when to lower target pressure and additional 10%?
20% loss in NFL is equaibalent to what dB field loss?
what must you get before starting glauc tx?
Glauc?
lower than 50... african american... monocul…
when to lower target pressure and additional 10%?
5db
20% loss in NFL is equaibalent to what dB field loss?
Topical Agents (Pharm)
Vaginal Antifungal
Vaginal Antibiotic
Vaginal Antiprotozoal
Otic wax softener
Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
Clindamycin Phosphate (Cleocin cream 2%)
Metronidazole (Metrogel)
Carbamide peroxide 6.5% (Debrox)
Vaginal Antifungal
Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
Vaginal Antibiotic
Clindamycin Phosphate (Cleocin cream 2%)
31 terms
Glaucoma
Aqueous Humor
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Mechanism of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Risk Factors for Primary Open Angle Gl…
Aqueous humor is clear fluid, produced by ciliary body at a r…
60% of all glaucomas... • A.O.A. definition "a group of ocular d…
Mechanical resistance to outflow through trabecular meshwork…
-Increased IOP *... • Age (>60 years)... • African-American (3-6X r…
Aqueous Humor
Aqueous humor is clear fluid, produced by ciliary body at a r…
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
60% of all glaucomas... • A.O.A. definition "a group of ocular d…
12 terms
Glaucoma
Glaucoma
Pathopysiology
Risk Factors
primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG)
is a group of disorders characterized by increased IOP and th…
A proper balance between the rate of aqueous production (refe…
High intraocular pressure... age... african american... family history…
most common type of glaucoma the outflow of aqueous humor is…
Glaucoma
is a group of disorders characterized by increased IOP and th…
Pathopysiology
A proper balance between the rate of aqueous production (refe…
6 terms
Glaucoma Medication Cap Colors
Prostaglandins
Adrenergic agonists
Beta antagonists
Parasympathetic agents (miotics)
Teal
Purple (Alphagan)
Yellow (0.5%) or blue (0.25%)
Green
Prostaglandins
Teal
Adrenergic agonists
Purple (Alphagan)
Glaucoma
Open- angle glaucoma
Open- angle glaucoma
Open- angle glaucoma
Open- angle glaucoma
the drainage canals in the eyes become clogged gradually over…
Most common
Slow onset
Painless and causes no early symptoms
Open- angle glaucoma
the drainage canals in the eyes become clogged gradually over…
Open- angle glaucoma
Most common
69 terms
Glaucoma Y modefy
lower than 50... african american... monocul…
program to use... Humphrey:
full threshold (18 min /eye)
bracketing the threshold
when to lower target pressure and additional 10%?
for glaucoma: 30-2/24-2... macula" 10-2... low vision: with size V
mapped every point, mosre sensitive... disad: prone fatigue and…
4-4-2... start from dimmer then increase intensive 4dB each time…
lower than 50... african american... monocul…
when to lower target pressure and additional 10%?
program to use... Humphrey:
for glaucoma: 30-2/24-2... macula" 10-2... low vision: with size V
9 terms
Topical Class
Hydrocortisone (rectal)
Proctosol-HC®
Anusol-HC®
Latanoprost
Topical corticosteroid Topical
Topical corticosteroid Topical
Topical corticosteroid Topical
Glaucoma agent Topical
Hydrocortisone (rectal)
Topical corticosteroid Topical
Proctosol-HC®
Topical corticosteroid Topical
7 terms
Pharmacy technician quiz 2 Topical Agents
Bactroban
Kenalog
Aristocort
Cinalog
Drug Class- Topical... Generic name- mupirocin... (anti-biotic topi…
Drug Class- Topical Antifungal/Corticosteroid... Generic name- t…
Drug Class- Topical Antifungal/Corticosteroid... Generic name- t…
Drug Class- Topical Antifungal/Corticosteroid... Generic name- t…
Bactroban
Drug Class- Topical... Generic name- mupirocin... (anti-biotic topi…
Kenalog
Drug Class- Topical Antifungal/Corticosteroid... Generic name- t…
104 terms
Glaucoma
POAG
IOP
1 Cause of ________ Worldwide
Progressive __________ optic nerve dam…
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Intraocular Pressure
Blindness
irreversible
POAG
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
IOP
Intraocular Pressure
52 terms
Glaucoma
Glaucoma
Open Angle glaucoma
Close and Open glaucoma
True
a group of ocular disorders that lead to an optic neuropathy…
What type of glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness
The (2) types of glaucoma
T/F: Open angle glaucoma accounts for the great majority of c…
Glaucoma
a group of ocular disorders that lead to an optic neuropathy…
Open Angle glaucoma
What type of glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness
36 terms
Glaucoma and Glaucoma Pharmacology
Formation and Drainage of Aqueous Humor
What is meant by the "angle" in Open a…
Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
What is the normal range for Intraocul…
*... *... *... *... *... *... *... *
The "angle" refers to the junction of cornea and iris, where…
*most common type of glaucoma (90%)... *More common in African A…
...
Formation and Drainage of Aqueous Humor
*... *... *... *... *... *... *... *
What is meant by the "angle" in Open a…
The "angle" refers to the junction of cornea and iris, where…
Ophtho 2: Glaucoma
Gold standard for measuring IOP
Normal IOP
Steps to use a Goldmann
Does Goldmann touch the eye?
Goldmann
10-21mmHG
Clean instrument, instill anesthetic and flourescein, positio…
No, only touches tears
Gold standard for measuring IOP
Goldmann
Normal IOP
10-21mmHG
52 terms
Glaucoma
Glaucoma
Open Angle glaucoma
Close and Open glaucoma
True
a group of ocular disorders that lead to an optic neuropathy…
What type of glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness
The (2) types of glaucoma
T/F: Open angle glaucoma accounts for the great majority of c…
Glaucoma
a group of ocular disorders that lead to an optic neuropathy…
Open Angle glaucoma
What type of glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness
82 terms
GLAUCOMA: Secondary Glaucoma
**Clinical pearl**... does every pigmen…
**Clinical pearl**... is pigmentary gla…
**Clinical pearl**... which type is lik…
**Clinical pearl**... blurred vision wh…
NO, not every pigment dispersion patient develops glaucoma... *…
No, pigmentary dispersion is different in BLACK patients.... **T…
...
pigment release accumulating in the TM= impeding aqueous flow…
**Clinical pearl**... does every pigmen…
NO, not every pigment dispersion patient develops glaucoma... *…
**Clinical pearl**... is pigmentary gla…
No, pigmentary dispersion is different in BLACK patients.... **T…
Pharm: Glaucoma
Quick reminder of basic mechanism
Distinguish between primary open-angle…
Give three symptoms of closed-angle gl…
Apply the two drug categories used and…
Ciliary epithelium (β1)... Ciliary muscle (M3)... -β1 facilitates…
Closed angle glaucoma- dilated iris can occlude the outflow d…
-Eye pain... -Nausea and vomitting... -SUDDEN onset of visual distu…
-iridectomy surgery is the eventual fix... -treat with cholinomi…
Quick reminder of basic mechanism
Ciliary epithelium (β1)... Ciliary muscle (M3)... -β1 facilitates…
Distinguish between primary open-angle…
Closed angle glaucoma- dilated iris can occlude the outflow d…
17 terms
Glaucoma
Primary open angle glaucoma is caused…
Prolonged steroid use may cause what e…
What ethnicity is more likely to have…
Which ethnic group is more likely to h…
increased intraocular fluid production with decreased removal.
glaucoma
Asians
African American
Primary open angle glaucoma is caused…
increased intraocular fluid production with decreased removal.
Prolonged steroid use may cause what e…
glaucoma
12 terms
Topical Agents
What are the general categories of top…
What is the mechanism of action of loc…
Are all local anesthetics vasodilators?
What are the side effects of local ane…
Local anesthetics... Antitussitives... Expectorants... Mucolytics…
Membrane stabilizers... Decrease sensation in skin by decreasin…
All are except for cocaine
May see decreased BP or cardiac effects... CNS stimulation like…
What are the general categories of top…
Local anesthetics... Antitussitives... Expectorants... Mucolytics…
What is the mechanism of action of loc…
Membrane stabilizers... Decrease sensation in skin by decreasin…
Glaucoma
Definition of Glaucoma?
Which of the following is not a cause…
T/F. With glaucoma, peripheral vision…
Open Angle Glaucoma or (POAG) generall…
-a group of disorders characterized by damage to the optic ne…
(B). Intraocular pressure associated with Glaucoma can be cau…
True.
both. (bilateral). Generally a chronic illness.
Definition of Glaucoma?
-a group of disorders characterized by damage to the optic ne…
Which of the following is not a cause…
(B). Intraocular pressure associated with Glaucoma can be cau…
20 terms
Quiz 2 Respiratory agents, Allergies, Topical Agents
RESPIRATORY AGENTS:... ASTHMA/COPD/ Beta…
RESPIRATORY AGENTS:... ASTHMA/COPD/ Bet…
RESPIRATORY AGENTS:... ASTHMA/COPD/ Beta…
RESPIRATORY AGENTS:... ASTHMA/COPD/ ANTI…
albuterol sulfate
albuterol Sulfate
albuterol Sulfate
(titropium)
RESPIRATORY AGENTS:... ASTHMA/COPD/ Beta…
albuterol sulfate
RESPIRATORY AGENTS:... ASTHMA/COPD/ Bet…
albuterol Sulfate
30 terms
Glaucoma: Pharmacology of Eye and Treatment
Drug list
Glaucoma is characterized by
Optical hypertension
very high intraocular pressure (IOP)
changes in the shape and size of the optic disk and defects i…
considered a clear risk factor for development of glaucoma
will cause irreversible damage via induced ischemia in the op…
Drug list
Glaucoma is characterized by
changes in the shape and size of the optic disk and defects i…
Glaucoma
What is Glaucoma?
flow of aqueous humor
Two types of glaucoma
Glaucoma epidemiology
Ocular disorder that leads to an optic neuropathy charecteriz…
Made in the ciliary body, travels to posterior chamber, throu…
Primary open angle glaucoma... Primary/Acute Angle closure Glau…
Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is second leading cause of…
What is Glaucoma?
Ocular disorder that leads to an optic neuropathy charecteriz…
flow of aqueous humor
Made in the ciliary body, travels to posterior chamber, throu…
41 terms
Glaucoma Drugs
Flow of aqueous humor in the normal eye.
Glaucoma
Open Angle Glaucoma... - cause?... - how qui…
Closed Angle (Acute) Glaucoma... - most c…
ciliary body --> posterior chamber --> anterior chamber --> t…
a disease of the optic nerve and one of the leading causes of…
clogging of the trabecular meshwork with decreased drainage o…
MEDICAL EMERGENCY (patients can lose all vision in the eye wi…
Flow of aqueous humor in the normal eye.
ciliary body --> posterior chamber --> anterior chamber --> t…
Glaucoma
a disease of the optic nerve and one of the leading causes of…
7 terms
Objective 5 Adult Med (classes of topical ophthalmic agents and their indication for use)
Antibacterial Agents
Antifungal Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-inflammatory agents
-Bacterial Conjunctivitis, ... -Bacterial Infection of the eye,…
-Fungal blepharitis ... -Conjunctivitis... -Keratitis
-HSV keratitis (why not viral conjunc?)
-Allergic eye disease (1,2), ... -Postoperative inflammation fol…
Antibacterial Agents
-Bacterial Conjunctivitis, ... -Bacterial Infection of the eye,…
Antifungal Agents
-Fungal blepharitis ... -Conjunctivitis... -Keratitis
Glaucoma
Glaucoma
Open angle glaucoma
Closed angle glaucoma
Glaucoma-causing meds
Intraocular pressure too high for the health of the optic ner…
Most common type of glaucoma... The angle of the eye is open but…
MEDICAL EMERGENCY--OPHTHALMOLOGIST... The block occurs the angle…
anything that dilates the pupil... Anticholinergic meds... Antihist…
Glaucoma
Intraocular pressure too high for the health of the optic ner…
Open angle glaucoma
Most common type of glaucoma... The angle of the eye is open but…
28 terms
Glaucoma
Epidemiology
Aqueous Humor
Aqueous Humor Drainage
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
- # cause of preventable blindness in US... - 3 million in US... -…
- Clear fluid... - Produced by ciliary body 2.5mL/minute... - Provi…
1. Trabecular meshwork... 2. Uveoscleral pathway
- 60%... - Not caused by other ocular/systemic diseases
Epidemiology
- # cause of preventable blindness in US... - 3 million in US... -…
Aqueous Humor
- Clear fluid... - Produced by ciliary body 2.5mL/minute... - Provi…
55 terms
Glaucoma
Intraocular Pressure (IOP)
Elevated IOP:
Primary open angle glaucoma... (POAG): mo…
Primary closed angle glaucoma... (PCAG) m…
Pressure within the eye... Depends on the balance between aque…
Elevated IOP is commonly considered to be > 21mmHg... Optic nerv…
More prevalent with increasing age... and in African Americans
The prevalence is lower than that of... POAG... More prevalent wi…
Intraocular Pressure (IOP)
Pressure within the eye... Depends on the balance between aque…
Elevated IOP:
Elevated IOP is commonly considered to be > 21mmHg... Optic nerv…
108 terms
NAPLEX GLAUCOMA
AD
AS
AU
OD
right ear
left ear
each ear
right eye
AD
right ear
AS
left ear
ANES - Ch. 6 Topical anesthetic agents
2 types of topical anesthetics
4 uses of professional topicals
5 uses for OTC topicals
Properties of ideal topical L.A.s (8)
1) professional topicals... 2) OTC topicals
1) decrease pain of needle insertion... 2) tx for minor injuries…
1) teething... 2) braces/ortho... 3) aphthous ulcers... 4) denture sor…
1) non-allergenic ... 2) does not damage tissues... 3) pain-free ap…
2 types of topical anesthetics
1) professional topicals... 2) OTC topicals
4 uses of professional topicals
1) decrease pain of needle insertion... 2) tx for minor injuries…
43 terms
Pharm 5- Topical Agents
what are the three living layers of th…
what is another name for the horny lay…
most cell division occurs in what laye…
three ways that absorption can occur t…
basal... spinous... granular layers
stratum corneum (dead keratinocytes)
basal layer
through appendages... transcell routes (through corneocytes of s…
what are the three living layers of th…
basal... spinous... granular layers
what is another name for the horny lay…
stratum corneum (dead keratinocytes)
glaucoma
glaucoma is the 2nd leading cause of _…
T or F... closed-angle glaucoma is the m…
describe what is glaucoma
increased intraocular pressure (IOP) d…
blindness
F... primary open angle glaucoma is the most common form
group of ocular disorders that lead to optic neurpathy... - chan…
retinal cells
glaucoma is the 2nd leading cause of _…
blindness
T or F... closed-angle glaucoma is the m…
F... primary open angle glaucoma is the most common form
38 terms
Glaucoma-Peterson
Aqueous Humor
Aqueous humor production
Aqueous humor leaves the eye through
Intra-ocular Pressure (IOP)
-Fluid in the space between the lens and the cornea.
-influenced by:... 1. Pressure gradients, blood pressure, and in…
-filtration through the trabecular meshwork to the Schlemm's…
-Not constant, changes with pulse, blood pressure, forced exp…
Aqueous Humor
-Fluid in the space between the lens and the cornea.
Aqueous humor production
-influenced by:... 1. Pressure gradients, blood pressure, and in…
Glaucoma
Objectives
Epidemiology of glaucoma
Glaucoma definition
Pathophysiology
- epidemiology and pathophysiology... - open angle vs. closed an…
- over 60 million people with glaucoma worldwide... - more than…
group of ocular disorders that lead to optic neuropathy
- increased intraocular pressure (IOP) damages retinal cells…
Objectives
- epidemiology and pathophysiology... - open angle vs. closed an…
Epidemiology of glaucoma
- over 60 million people with glaucoma worldwide... - more than…
15 terms
11 - Topical Agents
4 types of topical agents
commercial cleansers often contain ___…
commercial cleansers (aid/delay) wound…
AHCPR cleansing guidelines... -how often…
-wound cleaners and antiseptics... -antimicrobials... -anesthesia a…
surfactants
delay
-cleanse wounds at each dressing change... -do not use skin cle…
4 types of topical agents
-wound cleaners and antiseptics... -antimicrobials... -anesthesia a…
commercial cleansers often contain ___…
surfactants
43 terms
Glaucoma
Intraocular pressure (IOP)
Aqueous Humor
Trabecular Network
Schlemm's canal
Pressure in the eye produced mainly by the aqueous humor that…
Clear, transparent fluid that fills the anterior chamber of t…
interlacing fibers through which the aqueous humor drains, it…
Drainage channel from trabecular network to bloodstream
Intraocular pressure (IOP)
Pressure in the eye produced mainly by the aqueous humor that…
Aqueous Humor
Clear, transparent fluid that fills the anterior chamber of t…
83 terms
Pharmacology- Glaucoma
Figure of drugs and their sites of act…
What is the effect of pilocarpine (mus…
Contraction of ciliary muscle causes d…
Relaxation of suspensory ligaments con…
Contraction of both (Miosis-pupil constriction)
Suspensory ligaments
Refractive power
Figure of drugs and their sites of act…
What is the effect of pilocarpine (mus…
Contraction of both (Miosis-pupil constriction)
37 terms
Glaucoma
How to know if something is a Suspensi…
A
O
Eye formulations
U have to shake it
Ear ... Ad right ... As left ear
Out both eyes
Ointments coat the eye
How to know if something is a Suspensi…
U have to shake it
A
Ear ... Ad right ... As left ear
Glaucoma
Intraocular pressure (IOP)
Aqueous Humor
Trabecular Network
Schlemm's canal
Pressure in the eye produced mainly by the aqueous humor that…
Clear, transparent fluid that fills the anterior chamber of t…
interlacing fibers through which the aqueous humor drains, it…
Drainage channel from trabecular network to bloodstream
Intraocular pressure (IOP)
Pressure in the eye produced mainly by the aqueous humor that…
Aqueous Humor
Clear, transparent fluid that fills the anterior chamber of t…
22 terms
Glaucoma
Prostaglandin analogs
Beta-adrenergic antagonist
Selective alpha2-adrenergic agonist
Topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost, tafluprost
Timolol, levobunolol, betaxolol, metipranolol, carteolol
Apraclonidine, brimonidine
Brinzolamide, dorzolamide
Prostaglandin analogs
Bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost, tafluprost
Beta-adrenergic antagonist
Timolol, levobunolol, betaxolol, metipranolol, carteolol
22 terms
Glaucoma
What is glaucoma?
What cells are affected with glaucoma?
Early indicators of primary open angle…
Independent risk factor for glaucoma
optic neuropathy characterized by loss of optic nerve fibers,…
ganglion cells
thinning or notching of optic rim, progressive cupping (C:D >…
thin cornea
What is glaucoma?
optic neuropathy characterized by loss of optic nerve fibers,…
What cells are affected with glaucoma?
ganglion cells
Quiz 2 Topical
Restasis
Cosopt
Lidex
Xalantan
Cyclosporine Emulsion... agent for DRY EYES
Dorzolamide HCl w/ Timolol Maleate... GLAUCOMA agent
Fluocinonide... ANTI-INFLAMMATORY
Katanoprost... GLAUCOMA agent
Restasis
Cyclosporine Emulsion... agent for DRY EYES
Cosopt
Dorzolamide HCl w/ Timolol Maleate... GLAUCOMA agent
17 terms
Drug class: Topical antifungal agents
How do topical antifungal agents act?
What are topical antifungal agents use…
Common topical fungal infections:
The most common cause of oral fungus (…
The exact mechanisms are unknown but for sure: the cell membr…
Used for the common topical fungal infections
tinea pedis (athlete's foot)... tinea cruris (jock's itch)... tinea…
Candida albicans
How do topical antifungal agents act?
The exact mechanisms are unknown but for sure: the cell membr…
What are topical antifungal agents use…
Used for the common topical fungal infections
29 terms
Glaucoma
what is the number one cause of preven…
what is a clear fluid produced by cili…
what provides the nutritional needs to…
what two areas does the aqueous humor…
glaucoma
aqueous humor
aqueous humor
the trabecular meshwork and the uveoscleral pathway
what is the number one cause of preven…
glaucoma
what is a clear fluid produced by cili…
aqueous humor
31 terms
Glaucoma Pharmacotherapy (& treatment)
beta blockers
prostaglandins
cholinergic agents... pilocarpine... carbac…
pilocarpine
decrease aqueous humor secretion
increases outflow through uveoscleral route; some trabecular…
miosis by contraction of the iris sphincter muscle... increased…
DOC for acute glaucoma... muscarinic... ocusert... eye or brow ache, a…
beta blockers
decrease aqueous humor secretion
prostaglandins
increases outflow through uveoscleral route; some trabecular…
29 terms
Glaucoma
what is the number one cause of preven…
what is a clear fluid produced by cili…
what provides the nutritional needs to…
what two areas does the aqueous humor…
glaucoma
aqueous humor
aqueous humor
the trabecular meshwork and the uveoscleral pathway
what is the number one cause of preven…
glaucoma
what is a clear fluid produced by cili…
aqueous humor
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