Study sets matching "topical all agents except diuretics"

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Study sets matching "topical all agents except diuretics"

26 terms
All topics of Vitamins except methods
Fat-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins
Vitamin C
Vitamin B1
include A,D,E, and K.
includes C,B1, B2, B6, B12, B5, B7, Niacin, Folate.
Ascorbic acid
Thiamin
Fat-soluble vitamins
include A,D,E, and K.
Water-soluble vitamins
includes C,B1, B2, B6, B12, B5, B7, Niacin, Folate.
12 terms
Hospital Lab- Lab #3 (all CNS agents except for Naloxone!)
Meperidine HCl
Midazolam HCl
Morphine sulfate
Nalbuphine HCl
Demerol... C-II; Synthetic phenylpiperidine-derivative opiate ag…
Versed... CNS agent... Water soluble short-acting benzodiazepine ge…
Duramorph, Astramorph/PF... CNS agent... Semi-synthetic phenanthren…
Nubain... CNS agent... Opioid agonist-antagonist analgesic
Meperidine HCl
Demerol... C-II; Synthetic phenylpiperidine-derivative opiate ag…
Midazolam HCl
Versed... CNS agent... Water soluble short-acting benzodiazepine ge…
396 terms
Ther I Exam 4 -- All Topics (except GERD, PUD, bleeds)
b
a
a
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
GGT levels give information about... a. excretion into the bile…
Transaminase levels (AST/ALT) give information about... a. excr…
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
a
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
1,364 terms
Ther I Comprehensive Final -- All Topics (except GERD, PUD, GI bleeds)
b
a
a
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
GGT levels give information about... a. excretion into the bile…
Transaminase levels (AST/ALT) give information about... a. excr…
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
a
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
15 terms
Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretic
Combination Diuretics
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Contain "thiazide" in the name
Diuretic: chlorthalidone; Hygroton
All are in combo with a "thiazide" diuretic
Diuretic: contains "-zolamide" in the generic name
Thiazide Diuretics
Contain "thiazide" in the name
Thiazide Diuretic
Diuretic: chlorthalidone; Hygroton
Topical Agents (Pharm)
Vaginal Antifungal
Vaginal Antibiotic
Vaginal Antiprotozoal
Otic wax softener
Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
Clindamycin Phosphate (Cleocin cream 2%)
Metronidazole (Metrogel)
Carbamide peroxide 6.5% (Debrox)
Vaginal Antifungal
Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
Vaginal Antibiotic
Clindamycin Phosphate (Cleocin cream 2%)
46 terms
Diuretics
What is a diuretic?
Sodium balance, water balance
Most of the time, diuretics are used to
Where is filtered Na reabsorbed?... What…
agent that increases urine excretion
sodium balance determines fluid compartment size, so alterati…
help control volume, which is most effectively done by increa…
proximal tubule: 60-70%... loop of Henle: 20-25%... distal tubule:…
What is a diuretic?
agent that increases urine excretion
Sodium balance, water balance
sodium balance determines fluid compartment size, so alterati…
38 terms
Diuretics
Kidney
reabsorption
120 (mL/min)
1 to 2
What organ is the primary site of action for diuretics?
The primary site of action for the diuretics is the kidney, w…
The average glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is ____ millimet…
Urine formed during the overall process represents only ____…
Kidney
What organ is the primary site of action for diuretics?
reabsorption
The primary site of action for the diuretics is the kidney, w…
54 terms
(All 20) Diuretics/Bisphosphonates: Brands & Generics
Brand: Esidrix
Brand: Enduron
Brand: Naqua
Brand: Ziac
Generic: Hydrochlorothiazide
Generic: Methyclothiazide
Generic: Trichlormethiazide
Generic: Bisoprolol/Hctz
Brand: Esidrix
Generic: Hydrochlorothiazide
Brand: Enduron
Generic: Methyclothiazide
12 terms
Topical Agents
What are the general categories of top…
What is the mechanism of action of loc…
Are all local anesthetics vasodilators?
What are the side effects of local ane…
Local anesthetics... Antitussitives... Expectorants... Mucolytics…
Membrane stabilizers... Decrease sensation in skin by decreasin…
All are except for cocaine
May see decreased BP or cardiac effects... CNS stimulation like…
What are the general categories of top…
Local anesthetics... Antitussitives... Expectorants... Mucolytics…
What is the mechanism of action of loc…
Membrane stabilizers... Decrease sensation in skin by decreasin…
SP 2A: all vocab learned in 2A except Lesson 3.2
la agencia de viajes
el/la agente de viajes
confirmar el vuelo
hacer la maleta
travel agency
travel agent
to confirm a flight
to pack a suitcase
la agencia de viajes
travel agency
el/la agente de viajes
travel agent
7 terms
Diuretics
Lasix
Demadex
HCTZ
Zaroxolyn
furosemide
torsemide
hydrochlorothiazide
metolazone
Lasix
furosemide
Demadex
torsemide
32 terms
(ALL) Vaccine/Immunosuppressant Agents: Brand & Generics
Brand: Imuran
Brand: Sandimmune
Brand: CellCept
Brand: Prograf
Generic: Azathioprine
Generic: Cyclosporine
Generic: Mycophenolate
Generic: Tacrolimus
Brand: Imuran
Generic: Azathioprine
Brand: Sandimmune
Generic: Cyclosporine
14 terms
Diuretics
Chlortahlidone
Hydrochlorothiazide
metolazone
bumetanide
thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... acts on t…
(HCTZ)... thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... ac…
thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... acts on t…
loop diuretic... inhibits cotransport of Na/K/2Cl- decreases rea…
Chlortahlidone
thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... acts on t…
Hydrochlorothiazide
(HCTZ)... thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... ac…
35 terms
Diuretics, Hormones, and Antineoplastic Chemotherapy Agents
what might be the reason diuretics are…
during an intraocular surgery such as…
why would a diuretic be given during a…
why would a diuretic be given during a…
to reduce intraocular pressure, intracranial pressure, or to…
to prevent the accumulation of fluid due to the inflammatory…
to prevent brain swelling, especially when the tissue has bee…
may be given to keep fluid flowing through the kidneys, thus…
what might be the reason diuretics are…
to reduce intraocular pressure, intracranial pressure, or to…
during an intraocular surgery such as…
to prevent the accumulation of fluid due to the inflammatory…
91 terms
Med Chem: Diuretics
kidney
volume, composition
nephron
protein
this organ is responsible for maintaining an internal environ…
the kidney regulates _____________ and _________________ of b…
this is the functional unit of the kidney, filters water, ele…
there should be none of this in the urine
kidney
this organ is responsible for maintaining an internal environ…
volume, composition
the kidney regulates _____________ and _________________ of b…
601 terms
Spanish 2 all vocab except unit 1
pasaporte
avión
tren
barco
passport
airplane
train
ship
pasaporte
passport
avión
airplane
13 terms
Diuretics
Mannitol
acetazolamide
furosemide, bumetanide, torsemide
ethacrynic acid
osmotic diuretic in medulla; increase tubular fluid osmolarit…
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor in PCT; causes self-limited NaHC…
sulfonamide loop diuretics; inhibit cotransport system (NA/K/…
phenoxyacetic acid derivative; same action as furosemide... diu…
Mannitol
osmotic diuretic in medulla; increase tubular fluid osmolarit…
acetazolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor in PCT; causes self-limited NaHC…
70 terms
11. Diuretics
Diuretic
Natriuretic:
not all diuretic are naturiueretic tru…
4 mechanisms of action
any agent that increases urine volume
any agent that increases renal sodium excretion, because they…
true
Inhibition of an enzyme (acetazolamide) ... Osmotic effects tha…
Diuretic
any agent that increases urine volume
Natriuretic:
any agent that increases renal sodium excretion, because they…
14 terms
Diuretics
They are very hydrophilic, so they are…
They are weaker and not very selective…
Agents do not undergo significant meta…
Lots of hydroxyl groups
How does the structure of osmotic diuretics contribute to the…
Why are osmotic diuretics not routinely used for hypertension?
Metabolism and uses of osmotic diuretics
SAR for osmotic diuretics
They are very hydrophilic, so they are…
How does the structure of osmotic diuretics contribute to the…
They are weaker and not very selective…
Why are osmotic diuretics not routinely used for hypertension?
15 terms
diuretics
diuretic agents
used for
sodium
renal function can be measured with a
Drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation... Diuretics r…
They are used in the treatment of mild hypertension, edema, C…
20% to 25% of all sodium is reabsorbed into the bloodstream…
creatinine clearance test
diuretic agents
Drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation... Diuretics r…
used for
They are used in the treatment of mild hypertension, edema, C…
Diuretics
Diuretic
Diuresis
Filtration
Secretion
Drug that decreases renal reabsorption of sodium
Increased rate of urinary flow
Movement from blood into the renal tubule via glomerulus
Blood into the renal tubule not via the glomerulus
Diuretic
Drug that decreases renal reabsorption of sodium
Diuresis
Increased rate of urinary flow
16 terms
diuretics
mannitol
acetazolamide
spironolactone
furosemide
decreases cerebral edema
reduces intraocular pressure
ascites
hypercalcemia
mannitol
decreases cerebral edema
acetazolamide
reduces intraocular pressure
25 terms
Diuretics
diuretic
natriuretic
General Principles Regarding ALL Diure…
Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT) Diure…
any agent that enhances flow of urine
- discharge of sodium through urine... - "where sodium goes, wat…
1. except for spironolactone (aldactone) - almost all diure…
Mannitol
diuretic
any agent that enhances flow of urine
natriuretic
- discharge of sodium through urine... - "where sodium goes, wat…
ANES - Ch. 6 Topical anesthetic agents
2 types of topical anesthetics
4 uses of professional topicals
5 uses for OTC topicals
Properties of ideal topical L.A.s (8)
1) professional topicals... 2) OTC topicals
1) decrease pain of needle insertion... 2) tx for minor injuries…
1) teething... 2) braces/ortho... 3) aphthous ulcers... 4) denture sor…
1) non-allergenic ... 2) does not damage tissues... 3) pain-free ap…
2 types of topical anesthetics
1) professional topicals... 2) OTC topicals
4 uses of professional topicals
1) decrease pain of needle insertion... 2) tx for minor injuries…
43 terms
Diuretics
Furosemide(lasix)
bumetanide(bumex)
ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)
torsemide(demadex)
loop diuretic
loop diuretic
loop diuretic
loop diuretic
Furosemide(lasix)
loop diuretic
bumetanide(bumex)
loop diuretic
30 terms
Diuretics
List the drugs for Loop Diuretics
SOA of Loop Diuretics
MOA of Lop Diuretics
RENAL Effects of Loop Diuretics
Frusemide (Furosemide; Lasix), Bumetamide, Torsemide
Thick ascending Loop of Henle... PCT and DCT effects also
Block Na+/K+/2Cl- symporte... Prevent Na+ reabsorption at the th…
Ca++ and Mg+ reabsorption at TAL is inhibited... Increase K and…
List the drugs for Loop Diuretics
Frusemide (Furosemide; Lasix), Bumetamide, Torsemide
SOA of Loop Diuretics
Thick ascending Loop of Henle... PCT and DCT effects also
48 terms
Diuretics
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
Spironolactone
Indications for Spironolactone
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
-steroid similar to aldosterone... -inhibits aldosterone recepto…
-Hyperaldosteronism... -Congestive heart failure... -Prevents cardi…
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
48 terms
Diuretics
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
Spironolactone
Indications for Spironolactone
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
-steroid similar to aldosterone... -inhibits aldosterone recepto…
-Hyperaldosteronism... -Congestive heart failure... -Prevents cardi…
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
43 terms
Pharm 5- Topical Agents
what are the three living layers of th…
what is another name for the horny lay…
most cell division occurs in what laye…
three ways that absorption can occur t…
basal... spinous... granular layers
stratum corneum (dead keratinocytes)
basal layer
through appendages... transcell routes (through corneocytes of s…
what are the three living layers of th…
basal... spinous... granular layers
what is another name for the horny lay…
stratum corneum (dead keratinocytes)
DOD Week 12
Rhinocort AQ
Glucotrol
Avapro
Relpax
budesonide nasal... nasal steroid... nasal allergy symptoms
glipizide... sulfonylurea... helps pancrease produce insulin and co…
irbesartan... angiotension receptor blockers (antagonists)... hyper…
eletriptan... antimigraine agent... migraine headaches
Rhinocort AQ
budesonide nasal... nasal steroid... nasal allergy symptoms
Glucotrol
glipizide... sulfonylurea... helps pancrease produce insulin and co…
67 terms
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics
loop or "high ceiling" diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
-thiazide; -one; indapamide
furosemide... bumetanide... torsemide... ethacrynic acid
Osmotic diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
Diuretics
Acetazolamide site of action
Mannitol site of action
Loop diuretics site of action
Thiazide site of action
Proximal convoluted tubule
Proximal tubule
loop of Henle
Distal convoluted tubule
Acetazolamide site of action
Proximal convoluted tubule
Mannitol site of action
Proximal tubule
Diuretics
diuretics are useful for
diuretic agents increase urine volume…
Classification of Diuretic Agents
Thiazides
treating abnormalities in fluid volume and electrolytes
increasing renal sodium excretion (natiuresis)... exerting osmot…
Thiazide diuretics... Loop diuretics... Potassium-sparing diuretics…
inhibit sodium chloride reabsorption in the distal convoluted…
diuretics are useful for
treating abnormalities in fluid volume and electrolytes
diuretic agents increase urine volume…
increasing renal sodium excretion (natiuresis)... exerting osmot…
Topics 11-14
Cardiotonic Agents
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Class I
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Class II
Antianginal Agents
Therapeutic Action/Indication: Decrease in the myocardial wor…
Therapeutic Action/Indications: Stabilize the cell membrane b…
Therapeutic Actions/Indications: competitively block beta-rec…
Therapeutic Actions/Indications: Relax and dilate veins, arte…
Cardiotonic Agents
Therapeutic Action/Indication: Decrease in the myocardial wor…
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Class I
Therapeutic Action/Indications: Stabilize the cell membrane b…
15 terms
11 - Topical Agents
4 types of topical agents
commercial cleansers often contain ___…
commercial cleansers (aid/delay) wound…
AHCPR cleansing guidelines... -how often…
-wound cleaners and antiseptics... -antimicrobials... -anesthesia a…
surfactants
delay
-cleanse wounds at each dressing change... -do not use skin cle…
4 types of topical agents
-wound cleaners and antiseptics... -antimicrobials... -anesthesia a…
commercial cleansers often contain ___…
surfactants
54 terms
CV agents
Diuretic agents MOA
Diuretic agents location of action
Proximal tubules function
Loop of Henle function
inhibition of sodium xport at one or more of the four major a…
Proximal tubule, loop of henle, distal tubule, connective tub…
resorption of Na, K, Cl, and all glucose/amino acids
Na resbsorbed here by active Na/K ATPase pump, ascending limb…
Diuretic agents MOA
inhibition of sodium xport at one or more of the four major a…
Diuretic agents location of action
Proximal tubule, loop of henle, distal tubule, connective tub…
78 terms
Week 11 - Cardiovascular Agents
Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk?
Who is Absolute Cardiovascular Disease…
3 Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk…
Categories of risk factors for Absolut…
The probability (expressed as a percentage) of a person havin…
1) All adults greater than or equal to 45 years old... 2) Indige…
1) High absolute risk - greater than 15% over 5 years... 2) Mode…
1) Modifiable - smoking, diabetes, dyslipidaemia... 2) Non-modif…
Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk?
The probability (expressed as a percentage) of a person havin…
Who is Absolute Cardiovascular Disease…
1) All adults greater than or equal to 45 years old... 2) Indige…
61 terms
Diuretics
Loop Diuretics act on _______?
"High ceiling drugs"
What does "high ceiling" imply?
Loop diuretics Administration and MOA
The ascending Loop of Henle! Go figure.
Loop diuretics
The dose can be increased until the desired effect is achieve…
Given oraly or IV... MOA:... 1. Enter circulation --> kidney --> s…
Loop Diuretics act on _______?
The ascending Loop of Henle! Go figure.
"High ceiling drugs"
Loop diuretics
17 terms
Drug class: Topical antifungal agents
How do topical antifungal agents act?
What are topical antifungal agents use…
Common topical fungal infections:
The most common cause of oral fungus (…
The exact mechanisms are unknown but for sure: the cell membr…
Used for the common topical fungal infections
tinea pedis (athlete's foot)... tinea cruris (jock's itch)... tinea…
Candida albicans
How do topical antifungal agents act?
The exact mechanisms are unknown but for sure: the cell membr…
What are topical antifungal agents use…
Used for the common topical fungal infections
8 terms
Topical Antifungal agents for angular cheilitis
clotrimazole
clotrimazole ages and application
Miconazole nitrate
Miconazole nitrate ages and application
1% cream
all ages. apply a thin layer to the corners of mouth 4 times/…
2% ointment or cream
> 2 years old. apply a thin layer to the corners of mouth 4 t…
clotrimazole
1% cream
clotrimazole ages and application
all ages. apply a thin layer to the corners of mouth 4 times/…
134 terms
Pharmacology 1: Diuretics, Anticoagulants, Vasodilators
C is proximal convoluted tubule... -Aceta…
Osmotic Agents
Loop agents (furosemide)
Thiazides
Which class of Diuretics work at C?
Which class of Diuretics work at D (thin descending limb)
Which class of Diuretics work at E (Thick ascending limb)?
Which class of Diuretics work at F (Distal Convoluted tubule)?
C is proximal convoluted tubule... -Aceta…
Which class of Diuretics work at C?
Osmotic Agents
Which class of Diuretics work at D (thin descending limb)
276 terms
Psych: all EXCEPT genetics + somataform
Impaired reality perception (loss of c…
Strongly held false beliefs that are n…
can be defined as wakeful sensory expe…
Distortions or misinterpretations of r…
psychosis
delusions
hallucinations
illusions
Impaired reality perception (loss of c…
psychosis
Strongly held false beliefs that are n…
delusions
47 terms
PH 27-28 Diuretic Agents
Acetazolamide (Diamox)
Clinical. Indications of CAI
Methazolamide (Neptazane)
Brinzolamide (Azopt) topical... Dorzolami…
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors... Hyperchloremic metabolic acidos…
Glaucoma... Urinary alkalinization... Treatment of metabolic alkalo…
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors... Glaucoma
Acetazolamide (Diamox)
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors... Hyperchloremic metabolic acidos…
Clinical. Indications of CAI
Glaucoma... Urinary alkalinization... Treatment of metabolic alkalo…
118 terms
Diuretics
What mode do Thiazide use get to their…
Are Thiazides as effective in patients…
Primary Mechanism of Action: Thiazide…
What percentage of Na CAN Thiazide Diu…
Glomerular filtration AND Active tubular secretion
No; Thiazide diuretics are ineffective in patients with sever…
Thiazides bind to & inhibit the Na+-Cl- symporter in the dist…
Capable of inhibiting the reabsorption of 5-10% of filtered s…
What mode do Thiazide use get to their…
Glomerular filtration AND Active tubular secretion
Are Thiazides as effective in patients…
No; Thiazide diuretics are ineffective in patients with sever…
93 terms
Common Topical Agents
Do topical agents have a systemic effe…
How fast is the absorption for transde…
Rank from most oil content to lease: O…
Which of ointment, lotions, and creams…
Not really, they are mostly local.
Pretty slow, probably the slowest out of all the routes.
Ointment >> cream >> lotion
Lotions and creams can be washed off with water.
Do topical agents have a systemic effe…
Not really, they are mostly local.
How fast is the absorption for transde…
Pretty slow, probably the slowest out of all the routes.
All Inclusive Yearbook terms
ladder
Flat
Section
Infographic
A page tracking system that allows you to plan what is going…
One side of a signature. There are two flats in a signature.
A specific area of the yearbook that contains related pages.…
Chart, graph, map or other illustration that explains informa…
ladder
A page tracking system that allows you to plan what is going…
Flat
One side of a signature. There are two flats in a signature.
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics.
PCT
Thick ascending limb of loop of Henle.
DCT
Agents that alter water excretion, they are diuretics that ar…
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
Loop diuretics.
Thiazides.
Osmotic diuretics.
Agents that alter water excretion, they are diuretics that ar…
PCT
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
35 terms
Diuretics
Diuretics
Natriuretic (think Na+)
ALL diuretics (except spironolactone (…
Characteristics of Diuretics
Any agent that enhances flow of urine ... (grapefruit, coffee)…
Discharge of sodium through urine ... -enhances the outflow of s…
exert their effect from the interior lumen side of the nephro…
1. They have to get into the renal tubule... 2. most are protein…
Diuretics
Any agent that enhances flow of urine ... (grapefruit, coffee)…
Natriuretic (think Na+)
Discharge of sodium through urine ... -enhances the outflow of s…
Diuretics
3 major uses
Four classification
High-Ceiling (Loop) Diuretics
furosemide (Lasix) mechanism of action
1. TX of hypertension ... 2. mobilization of edematous fluid, wh…
Osmotic... High ceiling (loop)... Thiazide... Potassium sparing
furosemide (Lasix)... most frequently prescribed loop diuretic
Acts on the ascending loop of Henle to block reaborption of N…
3 major uses
1. TX of hypertension ... 2. mobilization of edematous fluid, wh…
Four classification
Osmotic... High ceiling (loop)... Thiazide... Potassium sparing
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