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Study sets matching "topical all agents except diuretics"

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Study sets matching "topical all agents except diuretics"

26 terms
All topics of Vitamins except methods
Fat-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins
Vitamin C
Vitamin B1
include A,D,E, and K.
includes C,B1, B2, B6, B12, B5, B7, Niacin, Folate.
Ascorbic acid
Thiamin
Fat-soluble vitamins
include A,D,E, and K.
Water-soluble vitamins
includes C,B1, B2, B6, B12, B5, B7, Niacin, Folate.
12 terms
Hospital Lab- Lab #3 (all CNS agents except for Naloxone!)
Meperidine HCl
Midazolam HCl
Morphine sulfate
Nalbuphine HCl
Demerol... C-II; Synthetic phenylpiperidine-derivative opiate ag…
Versed... CNS agent... Water soluble short-acting benzodiazepine ge…
Duramorph, Astramorph/PF... CNS agent... Semi-synthetic phenanthren…
Nubain... CNS agent... Opioid agonist-antagonist analgesic
Meperidine HCl
Demerol... C-II; Synthetic phenylpiperidine-derivative opiate ag…
Midazolam HCl
Versed... CNS agent... Water soluble short-acting benzodiazepine ge…
396 terms
Ther I Exam 4 -- All Topics (except GERD, PUD, bleeds)
b
a
a
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
GGT levels give information about... a. excretion into the bile…
Transaminase levels (AST/ALT) give information about... a. excr…
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
a
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
1,364 terms
Ther I Comprehensive Final -- All Topics (except GERD, PUD, GI bleeds)
b
a
a
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
GGT levels give information about... a. excretion into the bile…
Transaminase levels (AST/ALT) give information about... a. excr…
b
Blood travels from the liver to the heart via the... a. portal…
a
Alkaline phosphatase levels give information about... a. excret…
15 terms
Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretic
Combination Diuretics
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Contain "thiazide" in the name
Diuretic: chlorthalidone; Hygroton
All are in combo with a "thiazide" diuretic
Diuretic: contains "-zolamide" in the generic name
Thiazide Diuretics
Contain "thiazide" in the name
Thiazide Diuretic
Diuretic: chlorthalidone; Hygroton
14 terms
Diuretics
They are very hydrophilic, so they are…
They are weaker and not very selective…
Agents do not undergo significant meta…
Lots of hydroxyl groups
How does the structure of osmotic diuretics contribute to the…
Why are osmotic diuretics not routinely used for hypertension?
Metabolism and uses of osmotic diuretics
SAR for osmotic diuretics
They are very hydrophilic, so they are…
How does the structure of osmotic diuretics contribute to the…
They are weaker and not very selective…
Why are osmotic diuretics not routinely used for hypertension?
38 terms
Diuretics
Kidney
reabsorption
120 (mL/min)
1 to 2
What organ is the primary site of action for diuretics?
The primary site of action for the diuretics is the kidney, w…
The average glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is ____ millimet…
Urine formed during the overall process represents only ____…
Kidney
What organ is the primary site of action for diuretics?
reabsorption
The primary site of action for the diuretics is the kidney, w…
45 terms
All+ September (Week1) Vocabulary
literature (n.)
exception (n.)
banquet (n.)
honor (n.)
文學;文學作品
例外(的人事物)
宴會;宴席
尊敬;榮譽;光榮 (in honor of+N.)
literature (n.)
文學;文學作品
exception (n.)
例外(的人事物)
217 terms
SP 2A: all vocab learned in 2A except Lesson 3.2
la agencia de viajes
el/la agente de viajes
confirmar el vuelo
hacer la maleta
travel agency
travel agent
to confirm a flight
to pack a suitcase
la agencia de viajes
travel agency
el/la agente de viajes
travel agent
10 terms
DOD Week 12
Rhinocort AQ
Glucotrol
Avapro
Relpax
budesonide nasal... nasal steroid... nasal allergy symptoms
glipizide... sulfonylurea... helps pancrease produce insulin and co…
irbesartan... angiotension receptor blockers (antagonists)... hyper…
eletriptan... antimigraine agent... migraine headaches
Rhinocort AQ
budesonide nasal... nasal steroid... nasal allergy symptoms
Glucotrol
glipizide... sulfonylurea... helps pancrease produce insulin and co…
70 terms
11. Diuretics
Diuretic
Natriuretic:
not all diuretic are naturiueretic tru…
4 mechanisms of action
any agent that increases urine volume
any agent that increases renal sodium excretion, because they…
true
Inhibition of an enzyme (acetazolamide) ... Osmotic effects tha…
Diuretic
any agent that increases urine volume
Natriuretic:
any agent that increases renal sodium excretion, because they…
Topics 11-14
Cardiotonic Agents
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Class I
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Class II
Antianginal Agents
Therapeutic Action/Indication: Decrease in the myocardial wor…
Therapeutic Action/Indications: Stabilize the cell membrane b…
Therapeutic Actions/Indications: competitively block beta-rec…
Therapeutic Actions/Indications: Relax and dilate veins, arte…
Cardiotonic Agents
Therapeutic Action/Indication: Decrease in the myocardial wor…
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Class I
Therapeutic Action/Indications: Stabilize the cell membrane b…
10 terms
DOD Week 16
Aldactone
Levitra
Clovate
Tessalon
spironolactone... potassium-sparing diuretic... edema, too much ald…
vardenafil... impotence agent... erectile dysfunction
clobetasol... topical steroid... treat skin itching and inflammation
benzonatate... antitussive... relieve coughing
Aldactone
spironolactone... potassium-sparing diuretic... edema, too much ald…
Levitra
vardenafil... impotence agent... erectile dysfunction
91 terms
Med Chem: Diuretics
kidney
volume, composition
nephron
protein
this organ is responsible for maintaining an internal environ…
the kidney regulates _____________ and _________________ of b…
this is the functional unit of the kidney, filters water, ele…
there should be none of this in the urine
kidney
this organ is responsible for maintaining an internal environ…
volume, composition
the kidney regulates _____________ and _________________ of b…
67 terms
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics
loop or "high ceiling" diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
-thiazide; -one; indapamide
furosemide... bumetanide... torsemide... ethacrynic acid
Osmotic diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
35 terms
Diuretics, Hormones, and Antineoplastic Chemotherapy Agents
what might be the reason diuretics are…
during an intraocular surgery such as…
why would a diuretic be given during a…
why would a diuretic be given during a…
to reduce intraocular pressure, intracranial pressure, or to…
to prevent the accumulation of fluid due to the inflammatory…
to prevent brain swelling, especially when the tissue has bee…
may be given to keep fluid flowing through the kidneys, thus…
what might be the reason diuretics are…
to reduce intraocular pressure, intracranial pressure, or to…
during an intraocular surgery such as…
to prevent the accumulation of fluid due to the inflammatory…
67 terms
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics
loop or "high ceiling" diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
-thiazide; -one; indapamide
furosemide... bumetanide... torsemide... ethacrynic acid
Osmotic diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
67 terms
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics
loop or "high ceiling" diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
-thiazide; -one; indapamide
furosemide... bumetanide... torsemide... ethacrynic acid
Osmotic diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
54 terms
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics.
PCT
Thick ascending limb of loop of Henle.
DCT
Agents that alter water excretion, they are diuretics that ar…
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
Loop diuretics.
Thiazides.
Osmotic diuretics.
Agents that alter water excretion, they are diuretics that ar…
PCT
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
15 terms
Topic B.1 Tour Operators, Travel Agents and Online Travel Services
Tour Operator
Domestic Tour Operator
Shearings
Outbound Tour Operator
These are companies that organise package holidays. They cont…
These companies package holidays within the UK for UK residen…
An example of a domestic tour operator
These are the most well known tour operators and are usually…
Tour Operator
These are companies that organise package holidays. They cont…
Domestic Tour Operator
These companies package holidays within the UK for UK residen…
74 terms
Diuretics
inhibit Na/Cl cotransport on distal co…
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix)
Bendroflumethiazide (Naturetin)
thiazide (low ceiling)
thiazide
thiazide
thiazide
inhibit Na/Cl cotransport on distal co…
thiazide (low ceiling)
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
thiazide
74 terms
Diuretics
inhibit Na/Cl cotransport on distal co…
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix)
Bendroflumethiazide (Naturetin)
thiazide (low ceiling)
thiazide
thiazide
thiazide
inhibit Na/Cl cotransport on distal co…
thiazide (low ceiling)
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
thiazide
71 terms
Diuretics
inhibit Na/Cl cotransport on distal co…
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix)
Bendroflumethiazide (Naturetin)
thiazide (low ceiling)
thiazide
thiazide
thiazide
inhibit Na/Cl cotransport on distal co…
thiazide (low ceiling)
Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
thiazide
40 terms
Topical Agents (Pharm)
Vaginal Antifungal
Vaginal Antibiotic
Vaginal Antiprotozoal
Otic wax softener
Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
Clindamycin Phosphate (Cleocin cream 2%)
Metronidazole (Metrogel)
Carbamide peroxide 6.5% (Debrox)
Vaginal Antifungal
Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
Vaginal Antibiotic
Clindamycin Phosphate (Cleocin cream 2%)
78 terms
Week 11 - Cardiovascular Agents
Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk?
Who is Absolute Cardiovascular Disease…
3 Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk…
Categories of risk factors for Absolut…
The probability (expressed as a percentage) of a person havin…
1) All adults greater than or equal to 45 years old... 2) Indige…
1) High absolute risk - greater than 15% over 5 years... 2) Mode…
1) Modifiable - smoking, diabetes, dyslipidaemia... 2) Non-modif…
Absolute Cardiovascular Disease Risk?
The probability (expressed as a percentage) of a person havin…
Who is Absolute Cardiovascular Disease…
1) All adults greater than or equal to 45 years old... 2) Indige…
67 terms
Diuretics
Osmotic diuretics
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics
loop or "high ceiling" diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
-thiazide; -one; indapamide
furosemide... bumetanide... torsemide... ethacrynic acid
Osmotic diuretics
mannitol... sorbitol... isosorbide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
acetazolamide... methazolamide... dichlorphenamide
14 terms
Diuretics
Chlortahlidone
Hydrochlorothiazide
metolazone
bumetanide
thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... acts on t…
(HCTZ)... thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... ac…
thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... acts on t…
loop diuretic... inhibits cotransport of Na/K/2Cl- decreases rea…
Chlortahlidone
thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... acts on t…
Hydrochlorothiazide
(HCTZ)... thiazide diuretic... inhibits the Na/Cl co-transporter... ac…
13 terms
Diuretics
Mannitol
acetazolamide
furosemide, bumetanide, torsemide
ethacrynic acid
osmotic diuretic in medulla; increase tubular fluid osmolarit…
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor in PCT; causes self-limited NaHC…
sulfonamide loop diuretics; inhibit cotransport system (NA/K/…
phenoxyacetic acid derivative; same action as furosemide... diu…
Mannitol
osmotic diuretic in medulla; increase tubular fluid osmolarit…
acetazolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor in PCT; causes self-limited NaHC…
12 terms
Topical Agents
What are the general categories of top…
What is the mechanism of action of loc…
Are all local anesthetics vasodilators?
What are the side effects of local ane…
Local anesthetics... Antitussitives... Expectorants... Mucolytics…
Membrane stabilizers... Decrease sensation in skin by decreasin…
All are except for cocaine
May see decreased BP or cardiac effects... CNS stimulation like…
What are the general categories of top…
Local anesthetics... Antitussitives... Expectorants... Mucolytics…
What is the mechanism of action of loc…
Membrane stabilizers... Decrease sensation in skin by decreasin…
53 terms
KISS Pharm: Renal
which receptor can be stimulated to in…
Mannitol MOA
Lowers IOP and ICP... by preventing reabs…
mannitol contraindications
B1
Osmotic diuretic-Prevents reabsorption of H20 in PT; Mannitol…
Mannitol
CHF, anuria... anuria: prod of small amt of pee
which receptor can be stimulated to in…
B1
Mannitol MOA
Osmotic diuretic-Prevents reabsorption of H20 in PT; Mannitol…
54 terms
CV agents
Diuretic agents MOA
Diuretic agents location of action
Proximal tubules function
Loop of Henle function
inhibition of sodium xport at one or more of the four major a…
Proximal tubule, loop of henle, distal tubule, connective tub…
resorption of Na, K, Cl, and all glucose/amino acids
Na resbsorbed here by active Na/K ATPase pump, ascending limb…
Diuretic agents MOA
inhibition of sodium xport at one or more of the four major a…
Diuretic agents location of action
Proximal tubule, loop of henle, distal tubule, connective tub…
89 terms
All Inclusive Yearbook terms
ladder
Flat
Section
Infographic
A page tracking system that allows you to plan what is going…
One side of a signature. There are two flats in a signature.
A specific area of the yearbook that contains related pages.…
Chart, graph, map or other illustration that explains informa…
ladder
A page tracking system that allows you to plan what is going…
Flat
One side of a signature. There are two flats in a signature.
61 terms
Diuretics
Loop Diuretics act on _______?
"High ceiling drugs"
What does "high ceiling" imply?
Loop diuretics Administration and MOA
The ascending Loop of Henle! Go figure.
Loop diuretics
The dose can be increased until the desired effect is achieve…
Given oraly or IV... MOA:... 1. Enter circulation --> kidney --> s…
Loop Diuretics act on _______?
The ascending Loop of Henle! Go figure.
"High ceiling drugs"
Loop diuretics
Diuretics
Diuretic
Diuresis
Filtration
Secretion
Drug that decreases renal reabsorption of sodium
Increased rate of urinary flow
Movement from blood into the renal tubule via glomerulus
Blood into the renal tubule not via the glomerulus
Diuretic
Drug that decreases renal reabsorption of sodium
Diuresis
Increased rate of urinary flow
134 terms
Pharmacology 1: Diuretics, Anticoagulants, Vasodilators
C is proximal convoluted tubule... -Aceta…
Osmotic Agents
Loop agents (furosemide)
Thiazides
Which class of Diuretics work at C?
Which class of Diuretics work at D (thin descending limb)
Which class of Diuretics work at E (Thick ascending limb)?
Which class of Diuretics work at F (Distal Convoluted tubule)?
C is proximal convoluted tubule... -Aceta…
Which class of Diuretics work at C?
Osmotic Agents
Which class of Diuretics work at D (thin descending limb)
16 terms
diuretics
mannitol
acetazolamide
spironolactone
furosemide
decreases cerebral edema
reduces intraocular pressure
ascites
hypercalcemia
mannitol
decreases cerebral edema
acetazolamide
reduces intraocular pressure
88 terms
Sketchy Pharm
Cholinomimetics
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
Muscarinic Antagonists
Sympathomimetics
"I'd Like to Buy the World an Acetyl-Cola"... - bethanecol... - pi…
"Stigmata Gravis"... - neostigmine... - pyridostigmine... - edrophoni…
"Atropine in Wonderland"... - atropine... - ipratropium... - tiotropi…
"One Epic Summer at Band Camp"... - phenylephrine (A1)... - norepi…
Cholinomimetics
"I'd Like to Buy the World an Acetyl-Cola"... - bethanecol... - pi…
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
"Stigmata Gravis"... - neostigmine... - pyridostigmine... - edrophoni…
15 terms
diuretics
diuretic agents
used for
sodium
renal function can be measured with a
Drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation... Diuretics r…
They are used in the treatment of mild hypertension, edema, C…
20% to 25% of all sodium is reabsorbed into the bloodstream…
creatinine clearance test
diuretic agents
Drugs that accelerate the rate of urine formation... Diuretics r…
used for
They are used in the treatment of mild hypertension, edema, C…
34 terms
IB Biology Topic 1 Cells
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.2 What are the exceptions to cell…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
skeletal muscle fibres are larger / are not typical cells;... fu…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
25 terms
Diuretics
diuretic
natriuretic
General Principles Regarding ALL Diure…
Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT) Diure…
any agent that enhances flow of urine
- discharge of sodium through urine... - "where sodium goes, wat…
1. except for spironolactone (aldactone) - almost all diure…
Mannitol
diuretic
any agent that enhances flow of urine
natriuretic
- discharge of sodium through urine... - "where sodium goes, wat…
101 terms
SURG 100 Week 10 Hemostatic Agents
Topically administered Hemostatic agents
Systemically administered hemostatic a…
Characteristics of anticoagulants (pow…
Gelfoam
Thrombin.... Gelfoam.... Gelfilm.... Avitene.... Surgical.... Surgical NuKin…
Calcium gluconate.... Calcium chloride.... Calcium lactate. ... Vitami…
- used to prolong the clotting of blood. ... - frequently used d…
- applied to bleeding tissue quickly.... - available in power or…
Topically administered Hemostatic agents
Thrombin.... Gelfoam.... Gelfilm.... Avitene.... Surgical.... Surgical NuKin…
Systemically administered hemostatic a…
Calcium gluconate.... Calcium chloride.... Calcium lactate. ... Vitami…
43 terms
Diuretics
Furosemide(lasix)
bumetanide(bumex)
ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)
torsemide(demadex)
loop diuretic
loop diuretic
loop diuretic
loop diuretic
Furosemide(lasix)
loop diuretic
bumetanide(bumex)
loop diuretic
112 terms
Pharma Diuretics
CAI site of action... how many %
CAI intake via?
tx for glaucoma
inc HCO3 excretion and inc pH will als…
PCT (type 4 membrane, type 2 cytoplasm), CD (NH4)... 45% inhibi…
oral coz good bioavailability
1. CAI - topical is preferred... dorzolamide... brinzolamide... 2.…
uric acid, cysteine
CAI site of action... how many %
PCT (type 4 membrane, type 2 cytoplasm), CD (NH4)... 45% inhibi…
CAI intake via?
oral coz good bioavailability
54 terms
Pharmacology Ch. 15: Diuretic Agents
what side of the nephron do most diure…
what percentage of Na+ is reabsorbed f…
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor MOA
what are other clinical applications f…
luminal... exception is aldosterone receptor antagonists (spiro…
PCT- 60-70%... TAL- 20-30%... DCT- 5-8%... CCT- 2-5%... ok: 65-25-5-5
bicarbonate diuresis... depletes body bicarb and causes metabol…
reduce intraocular pressure... acidosis of CSF causing hyperven…
what side of the nephron do most diure…
luminal... exception is aldosterone receptor antagonists (spiro…
what percentage of Na+ is reabsorbed f…
PCT- 60-70%... TAL- 20-30%... DCT- 5-8%... CCT- 2-5%... ok: 65-25-5-5
30 terms
Diuretics
List the drugs for Loop Diuretics
SOA of Loop Diuretics
MOA of Lop Diuretics
RENAL Effects of Loop Diuretics
Frusemide (Furosemide; Lasix), Bumetamide, Torsemide
Thick ascending Loop of Henle... PCT and DCT effects also
Block Na+/K+/2Cl- symporte... Prevent Na+ reabsorption at the th…
Ca++ and Mg+ reabsorption at TAL is inhibited... Increase K and…
List the drugs for Loop Diuretics
Frusemide (Furosemide; Lasix), Bumetamide, Torsemide
SOA of Loop Diuretics
Thick ascending Loop of Henle... PCT and DCT effects also
13 terms
Unit 1, Lesson 2&3 - Make Small Talk
to make small talk
to predict / to make a prediction
constantly
always
to have a conversation about everyday topics, things that mos…
to guess what will happen in the future
all the time without stopping
in all cases; every time
to make small talk
to have a conversation about everyday topics, things that mos…
to predict / to make a prediction
to guess what will happen in the future
70 terms
Biology Topic 3 Genetics
asexual reproduction
clone
fertilisation
invertebrate
Producing new organisms from one parent only. These organisms…
All the cells in a clone are genetically identical to each ot…
Fusing of a male gamete with a female gamete.
An animal without bones, such as an insect or worm.
asexual reproduction
Producing new organisms from one parent only. These organisms…
clone
All the cells in a clone are genetically identical to each ot…
48 terms
Diuretics
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
Spironolactone
Indications for Spironolactone
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
-steroid similar to aldosterone... -inhibits aldosterone recepto…
-Hyperaldosteronism... -Congestive heart failure... -Prevents cardi…
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
48 terms
Diuretics
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
Spironolactone
Indications for Spironolactone
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
-steroid similar to aldosterone... -inhibits aldosterone recepto…
-Hyperaldosteronism... -Congestive heart failure... -Prevents cardi…
Potassium Sparing Diuretics
Triamterene... Amiloride... Spironolactone... Eplerenone... used to prev…
Sites of Action of K+ sparing diuretics
collecting tubule... cortical collecting duct
20 terms
short e, long e and r-controlled e
segment
impede
nerve
incomplete
a divided part of a whole
to stop or slow down the progress of something
fiber that transmits information in the body
not finished or not whole
segment
a divided part of a whole
impede
to stop or slow down the progress of something
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