Study sets matching "tortora"

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Study sets matching "tortora"

Tortora
Joule
Power
Watt
Work
SI unit for work, equal to the amount of work that is done wh…
Measure of the amount of work that can be done in a given amo…
SI unit for work, equal to 1 joule of work per second.
Use of force to move an object; calculated as force umultipli…
Joule
SI unit for work, equal to the amount of work that is done wh…
Power
Measure of the amount of work that can be done in a given amo…
Tortora final
Conversion factor for F -> C
Conversion factor for C -> F
What are the steps to make a graph
What are significant figures?
(F - 32) divided by 1.8
(C x 1.8) +32
1. Title ... 2. Draw X and y axis... 3. Label the X and y axis... 4. C…
All the digits in a measurement + 1 estimated digit
Conversion factor for F -> C
(F - 32) divided by 1.8
Conversion factor for C -> F
(C x 1.8) +32
114 terms
Chapter 4: Tissues (Tortora)
Histology
Tight Junctions
Adherens Junctions
Cadherin
Study of Tissues
Leakproof seal by stands of transmembrane proteins
Adhesion Belt and keeps tissues from separating as they stret…
Glycoprotein that forms the belt-like plaque of Adherens Junc…
Histology
Study of Tissues
Tight Junctions
Leakproof seal by stands of transmembrane proteins
223 terms
Chapter 5: Integumentary (Tortora)
Integumentary system
Dermatology
Skin/Cutaneous membrane
Components of the integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, nails, and sen…
Medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, an…
Covers the external surface of the body and is the largest or…
Epidermis and dermis
Integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, nails, and sen…
Dermatology
Medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, an…
Skeletal - Tortora
remodeling
skeletal system
osteology
osteo-
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
syllabyte, means bone
remodeling
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
skeletal system
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
53 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 7
Sterilization
Disinfection
Antisepsis
Degerming
removal or destruction of all forms of microbial life
removing pathogens from non living material
removinb pathogens from living tissue
antisepsis of a limited area; • ex. alcohol swab of skin b/f…
Sterilization
removal or destruction of all forms of microbial life
Disinfection
removing pathogens from non living material
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 14
Pathology
pathogenesis
etiology
etiological agent
scientific study of disease
the way in which the disease developes
cause of the disease
the microbe that causes the disease
Pathology
scientific study of disease
pathogenesis
the way in which the disease developes
Ch2 MicroTortora
carbon skeleton
functional groups
atom
compounds
chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
specific group of atoms most commonly involved in chemical re…
the smallest unit of matter that enters into chemical reactions
a combination of 2 or more different types of atoms
carbon skeleton
chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
functional groups
specific group of atoms most commonly involved in chemical re…
96 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 6
Microbial Growth
discrete colony
reproduction
nutrients: chemical and energy require…
an increase in number of cells, not cell size
an aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell
what results in growth?
1) Source of Carbon, Energy, and Electrons 2) Oxygen Requirem…
Microbial Growth
an increase in number of cells, not cell size
discrete colony
an aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 16
Immunity
Susceptibility
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
body's ability to ward off disease.
how easy the body can contract a disease or lack of immunity.
host defenses that afford protection protection against any k…
the ability, obtained during the life of the individual, to p…
Immunity
body's ability to ward off disease.
Susceptibility
how easy the body can contract a disease or lack of immunity.
89 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch2
chain of carbon atoms in an organic mo…
specific group of atoms most commonly…
the study of interactions between atom…
the smallest unit of matter that enter…
carbon skeleton
functional groups
chemistry
atom
chain of carbon atoms in an organic mo…
carbon skeleton
specific group of atoms most commonly…
functional groups
96 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 4
what has 1 circular chromosome that is…
what has no histones, what does?
what are in prokaryote cell walls?
what is in eukaryote cell walls?
prokaryote
prokaryote,eukaryote
peptidoglycan
if they have cell walls, polysaccharide
what has 1 circular chromosome that is…
prokaryote
what has no histones, what does?
prokaryote,eukaryote
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 15
The bone marrow is where... A. immune res…
The progeny cells of a B-cell clone ar…
Helper T cells... A. secrete antibodies.…
Plasma cells... A. secrete antibodies.... B.…
B. blood stem cells give rise to immature lymphocytes.
D. plasma cells.
E. activate B cells and other T cells.
A. secrete antibodies.
The bone marrow is where... A. immune res…
B. blood stem cells give rise to immature lymphocytes.
The progeny cells of a B-cell clone ar…
D. plasma cells.
94 terms
Skeletal - Tortora
remodeling
skeletal system
osteology
osteo-
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
syllabyte, means bone
remodeling
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
skeletal system
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
chapter 9 tortora microbiology
biotechnology
recombinant dna technology (rDNA)
vector
clone
using microorganisms to make a product
modification of genes to produce proteins
self replicating dna ... carry gene to a cell ... multiple cloning…
cells that come from once cell and carries the new gene
biotechnology
using microorganisms to make a product
recombinant dna technology (rDNA)
modification of genes to produce proteins
89 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 13
What are viruses composed of?
Are viruses unicellular, multicellular…
How would you describe a virus?
Are viruses classified into one of the…
Nucleic acid (DNA or RNA), Protein coat (capsid), sometimes a…
Acellular; No ribosomes, no cell membrane, no cytoplasm
Obligate intracellular parasite
No; viruses cannot be classified in a Domain; they have no ri…
What are viruses composed of?
Nucleic acid (DNA or RNA), Protein coat (capsid), sometimes a…
Are viruses unicellular, multicellular…
Acellular; No ribosomes, no cell membrane, no cytoplasm
29 terms
Tortora - Ch 8 Vocab
adaptation
aqueous humor
cochlea
cone
a decrease in the strength of sensation during a prolonged st…
the watery fluid that fills the anterior cavity of the eye be…
a winding, cone-shaped tube that forms a portion of the inner…
one of the two types of photo receptors which allow us to see…
adaptation
a decrease in the strength of sensation during a prolonged st…
aqueous humor
the watery fluid that fills the anterior cavity of the eye be…
28 terms
Microbiology Chapter 17 Tortora
Type of immunity resulting from vaccin…
Type of immunity resulting from transf…
immunity resulting from recovery from…
Newborns immunity due to the transfer…
Artificially acquired active immunity
Artificially acquired passive immunity
Naturally acquired active immunity
Naturally acquired passive immunity
Type of immunity resulting from vaccin…
Artificially acquired active immunity
Type of immunity resulting from transf…
Artificially acquired passive immunity
Tortora Ch.4
Chromatophores
Spheroplasts
Sex Pili
Fimbriae
Contains pigments for photosynthesis by bacteria; found in th…
Gram-Negative bacterial cells after their treatment with lyso…
Specialized external structures that asset in the transfer of…
Numerous short, hair like appendages that help in attachment…
Chromatophores
Contains pigments for photosynthesis by bacteria; found in th…
Spheroplasts
Gram-Negative bacterial cells after their treatment with lyso…
33 terms
Tortora - Ch 7 Vocab
action potential
afferent (sensory) nervous system
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
axon
an electrical signal that propagates along the membrane of a…
consists of a variety of nerve receptors and their associated…
an automatic or self-regulating system of autonomic motor neu…
a fiber that conducts electrical impulses away from the cell…
action potential
an electrical signal that propagates along the membrane of a…
afferent (sensory) nervous system
consists of a variety of nerve receptors and their associated…
266 terms
Tortora Ch 14 Vocab
Brain
Neural tube
Primary brain vesicles
Secondary brain vesicles
Portion of the CNS contained in the cranium
Portion of the ectoderm that develop into the brain and spina…
Three divisions of the anterior neural tube, prosencephalon,…
Subdivisions of the prosencephalon & rhomencephalon
Brain
Portion of the CNS contained in the cranium
Neural tube
Portion of the ectoderm that develop into the brain and spina…
35 terms
Tortora Chapter 1 Vocab
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Differentiation
The science of a structure and the relationships among struct…
The science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work
The sum of all the chemical processes that occur in the body
The process whereby unspecialized cells become specialized ce…
Anatomy
The science of a structure and the relationships among struct…
Physiology
The science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work
21 terms
Tortora - Ch 10 Vocab
anemia
antibody
antigen
biconcave
a condition of the blood in which the number of functional re…
proteins in the blood that can bind to specific antigens
a substance taht has the ability to provoke an immune response
inwardly curved on both sides or surfaces
anemia
a condition of the blood in which the number of functional re…
antibody
proteins in the blood that can bind to specific antigens
tortora chapter 1 vocab
anatomy
physiology
metabolism
differentiation
science of structure and relations among structures
science of body functions
the sum of all the chemical processes that occur in the body
the process by whereby unspecialized sets become specialized
anatomy
science of structure and relations among structures
physiology
science of body functions
30 terms
Tortora Ch.1
Disorder
Disease
Symptoms
Sign
Any abnormality of structure or function
Illness that's characterized by recognizable set of symptoms…
Subjective changed in body function that aren't apparent to a…
Objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure (f…
Disorder
Any abnormality of structure or function
Disease
Illness that's characterized by recognizable set of symptoms…
Tortora Ch.9
Restriction Enzymes
Vector
DNA Ligase
DNA polymerase
DNA cutting enzymes that often form sticky ends.
A self replicating DNA molecule used as a carrier to transmit…
An enzyme that links short pieces of DNA into longer pieces.
An enzyme that links nucleotides to form DNA.
Restriction Enzymes
DNA cutting enzymes that often form sticky ends.
Vector
A self replicating DNA molecule used as a carrier to transmit…
Tortora - Chapter 14
Inertia
Newton's first law of motion(inertia)
Newton's second law of motion(accelera…
Newton's third law of motion
Tendency of an object to resist a change in its motion.
Law stating that an object's motion will not change unless an…
Law stating that the acceleration of an object equals the net…
Law stating that every action has an equal and opposite react…
Inertia
Tendency of an object to resist a change in its motion.
Newton's first law of motion(inertia)
Law stating that an object's motion will not change unless an…
35 terms
Tortora CH 1 Vocab
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Differentiation
The study of body structure.
The study of body function.
The chem processes that occur w/in a living organism in order…
The process by which cells or tissues change from relatively…
Anatomy
The study of body structure.
Physiology
The study of body function.
Tortora vocab Ch 15
Bernoulli's law
Pascal (Pa)
Pascals law
Archimedes law
Law stating that pressure in a moving fluid is less when the…
SI unit for pressure, equal to 1 newton per square meter (N/m…
Law stating that a change in pressure at any point in an encl…
Gas law stating that, if the volume of a gas is held constant…
Bernoulli's law
Law stating that pressure in a moving fluid is less when the…
Pascal (Pa)
SI unit for pressure, equal to 1 newton per square meter (N/m…
45 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 13
Antigenic drift
Antigenic shift
Viron
capsid
A minor variation in the antigenic makeup of influenza viruse…
A major genetic change in influenza viruses causing changes i…
A complete fully developed viral particle.
the protein coat of a virus that surrounds the nucleic acid.
Antigenic drift
A minor variation in the antigenic makeup of influenza viruse…
Antigenic shift
A major genetic change in influenza viruses causing changes i…
64 terms
Tortora Ch 9 Vocab
joint articulation arthrosis
arthrology
kinesiology
fibrous joints
A point of contact between two bones between bone & cartilage…
Scientific study of joints
Study of motion of the body
bones are held together by dense irregular connective tissue…
joint articulation arthrosis
A point of contact between two bones between bone & cartilage…
arthrology
Scientific study of joints
Tortora Chap 10
Taxonomy
Taxon
Phylogeny
Discuss limitations of a 2 kingdom cla…
putting organisms into categories or taxa to show degrees of…
categories
(systemics) study of evolutionary history of organisms
...
Taxonomy
putting organisms into categories or taxa to show degrees of…
Taxon
categories
81 terms
chapter 5 tortora
Metabolism
Catabolism
Catabolic Reactions Are:
Anabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions in a living organism, energ…
the breaking down of complex organic compounds into smaller o…
Degradative, hydrolytic, exergonic
the building of complex organic molecules rom simpler ones *r…
Metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions in a living organism, energ…
Catabolism
the breaking down of complex organic compounds into smaller o…
31 terms
TORTORA CHAPTER 9
Biotechnology
microbes have been used in the commerc…
recombinant DNA (rDNA), genetic engine…
Differentiate biotechnology and recomb…
the use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
...
inserting genes into cells to make microorganisms as well as…
...
Biotechnology
the use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
microbes have been used in the commerc…
...
Ch 10 Microbiology Tortora
Taxonomy
Biochemical tests
Hydrogen bonding
Phylogeny
The study/science of classifying and naming organisms
Test to use If you wanted to determine if a microorganism fer…
Two strands of DNA are held together by ___ between complemen…
The study of Evolutionary Relationships/Relatedness
Taxonomy
The study/science of classifying and naming organisms
Biochemical tests
Test to use If you wanted to determine if a microorganism fer…
Chapter 2 Tortora
chemical reactions are used
chemistry
atom
atoms interact
to break down nutrient substances and assemble molecular frag…
the study of interactions between atoms and molecules
smallest unit of matter that enters into chemical reactions
to form molecules
chemical reactions are used
to break down nutrient substances and assemble molecular frag…
chemistry
the study of interactions between atoms and molecules
54 terms
Tortora chap 4
Glycocalyx
Capsule
Capsule
Extracellular polymeric substance
sugar coat- substances that surround cells
What the glycocalyx can be described as, presence is determin…
Contributed to bacterial virulence, and often protect pathoge…
1. helps cells in a biofilm attach to their target environmen…
Glycocalyx
sugar coat- substances that surround cells
Capsule
What the glycocalyx can be described as, presence is determin…
Tortora Ch.1
Redi
Virchow
Jenner
Hooke
demonstrated that maggot appeared only in decaying meat that…
introduced concept that living cells arise from other living…
introduced the technique of vaccination for smallpox.
First to use the microscope for observe "cells".
Redi
demonstrated that maggot appeared only in decaying meat that…
Virchow
introduced concept that living cells arise from other living…
63 terms
tortora chapter 7
sterilization
heating
clostridium botulinum
commercial sterilization
the removal or destruction of all living microorgamisms
most common method used for killing microbes
food is subjected only to enough hear to destroy the endospor…
limited heat treatment
sterilization
the removal or destruction of all living microorgamisms
heating
most common method used for killing microbes
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 15
Diptheria Toxin
Erythrogenic Toxin
Botulinum Toxin
Tetanus Toxin
Etiological Agent... *Corynebacterium diptheriae... Mechanism... *A-B…
Etiological Agent... *Streptococcus pyogenes... Mechanism... *Superan…
Etiological Agent... *Clostridium botulinum... Mechanism... *A-B neur…
Etiological Agent... *Clostridium tetani... Mechanism... *A-B Toxin…
Diptheria Toxin
Etiological Agent... *Corynebacterium diptheriae... Mechanism... *A-B…
Erythrogenic Toxin
Etiological Agent... *Streptococcus pyogenes... Mechanism... *Superan…
TORTORA CHAPTER 8
inducible operon
repressible operons
cyclic AMP (cAMP)
alarmone
in the absence of lactose, the repressor binds to the operato…
the structural genes are transcribed until they are turned of…
a substance derived from ATP that serves as a cellular alarm…
a chemical alarm signal the promotes a cell's response to the…
inducible operon
in the absence of lactose, the repressor binds to the operato…
repressible operons
the structural genes are transcribed until they are turned of…
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 5
metabolism
catabolism
hydrolytic reactions
exergonic
the sum of all chemical reactions
the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones…
reactions which use water and in which chemical bonds are bro…
produce more energy than they consume
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions
catabolism
the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones…
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 13
Antigenic drift
Antigenic shift
Viron
capsid
A minor variation in the antigenic makeup of influenza viruse…
A major genetic change in influenza viruses causing changes i…
A complete fully developed viral particle.
the protein coat of a virus that surrounds the nucleic acid.
Antigenic drift
A minor variation in the antigenic makeup of influenza viruse…
Antigenic shift
A major genetic change in influenza viruses causing changes i…
31 terms
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 10
Define taxonomy
What is the goal of taxonomy?
taxonomy provides means of
3 domains
science of classification of organisms
to show relationships among organisms
identifying organism
Bacteria, Archea, Eukarya
Define taxonomy
science of classification of organisms
What is the goal of taxonomy?
to show relationships among organisms
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 3
Microorganisms are measured in-
0.000001m (10^-6 m)
0.000000001m (10^-9)
Objective lenses
Micrometers and Nanometers
micrometer... (divided by a million)
nanometer
primary lens that magnify the specimen
Microorganisms are measured in-
Micrometers and Nanometers
0.000001m (10^-6 m)
micrometer... (divided by a million)
Tortora Chapter 1 Vocab
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Differentiation
The science of a structure and the relationships among struct…
The science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work
The sum of all the chemical processes that occur in the body
The process whereby unspecialized cells become specialized ce…
Anatomy
The science of a structure and the relationships among struct…
Physiology
The science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work
34 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 10
Taxonomy
Biochemical tests
Hydrogen bonding
Phylogeny
The study/science of classifying and naming organisms
Test to use If you wanted to determine if a microorganism fer…
Two strands of DNA are held together by ___ between complemen…
The study of Evolutionary Relationships/Relatedness
Taxonomy
The study/science of classifying and naming organisms
Biochemical tests
Test to use If you wanted to determine if a microorganism fer…
Tortora Ch.8
Terminator Site
DNA Polymerases
Translation
Transcription
Where the RNA polymerase and newly formed mRNA are released.
Enzymes that assemble the nucleotides of DNA into chains.
Formation of protein from the genetic information contained i…
Formation of mRNA from the genetic information contained in D…
Terminator Site
Where the RNA polymerase and newly formed mRNA are released.
DNA Polymerases
Enzymes that assemble the nucleotides of DNA into chains.
51 terms
Tortora chapter 6
psycrophiles
psychrotophs
mesophiles
thermophiles
optimum growth temperature at 5 degrees
optimum temperatures at 20-30 degrees
optimum at 20-40 degrees
optimum at 50-60 degrees
psycrophiles
optimum growth temperature at 5 degrees
psychrotophs
optimum temperatures at 20-30 degrees
86 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 15
3 factors that determine if an organis…
Portals of Entry into the Host
Preferred Portals
Numbers of Invading microbes
Portals of Entry, # of invading microbes, Adherence
Mucous membranes, skin , parenteral route
these are necessary for certain organisms to be pathogenic EX…
# required for infection; varies for each organism
3 factors that determine if an organis…
Portals of Entry, # of invading microbes, Adherence
Portals of Entry into the Host
Mucous membranes, skin , parenteral route
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