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Study sets matching "tortora"

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Study sets matching "tortora"

14 terms
Tortora
Joule
Power
Watt
Work
SI unit for work, equal to the amount of work that is done wh…
Measure of the amount of work that can be done in a given amo…
SI unit for work, equal to 1 joule of work per second.
Use of force to move an object; calculated as force umultipli…
Joule
SI unit for work, equal to the amount of work that is done wh…
Power
Measure of the amount of work that can be done in a given amo…
94 terms
Skeletal - Tortora
remodeling
skeletal system
osteology
osteo-
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
syllabyte, means bone
remodeling
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
skeletal system
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
80 terms
Tortora final
Conversion factor for F -> C
Conversion factor for C -> F
What are the steps to make a graph
What are significant figures?
(F - 32) divided by 1.8
(C x 1.8) +32
1. Title ... 2. Draw X and y axis... 3. Label the X and y axis... 4. C…
All the digits in a measurement + 1 estimated digit
Conversion factor for F -> C
(F - 32) divided by 1.8
Conversion factor for C -> F
(C x 1.8) +32
67 terms
Ch2 MicroTortora
carbon skeleton
functional groups
atom
compounds
chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
specific group of atoms most commonly involved in chemical re…
the smallest unit of matter that enters into chemical reactions
a combination of 2 or more different types of atoms
carbon skeleton
chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
functional groups
specific group of atoms most commonly involved in chemical re…
31 terms
chapter 9 tortora microbiology
biotechnology
recombinant dna technology (rDNA)
vector
clone
using microorganisms to make a product
modification of genes to produce proteins
self replicating dna ... carry gene to a cell ... multiple cloning…
cells that come from once cell and carries the new gene
biotechnology
using microorganisms to make a product
recombinant dna technology (rDNA)
modification of genes to produce proteins
89 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 13
What are viruses composed of?
Are viruses unicellular, multicellular…
How would you describe a virus?
Are viruses classified into one of the…
Nucleic acid (DNA or RNA), Protein coat (capsid), sometimes a…
Acellular; No ribosomes, no cell membrane, no cytoplasm
Obligate intracellular parasite
No; viruses cannot be classified in a Domain; they have no ri…
What are viruses composed of?
Nucleic acid (DNA or RNA), Protein coat (capsid), sometimes a…
Are viruses unicellular, multicellular…
Acellular; No ribosomes, no cell membrane, no cytoplasm
89 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch2
chain of carbon atoms in an organic mo…
specific group of atoms most commonly…
the study of interactions between atom…
the smallest unit of matter that enter…
carbon skeleton
functional groups
chemistry
atom
chain of carbon atoms in an organic mo…
carbon skeleton
specific group of atoms most commonly…
functional groups
94 terms
Skeletal - Tortora
remodeling
skeletal system
osteology
osteo-
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
syllabyte, means bone
remodeling
Bone tissue, a complex and dynamic living tissue, continually…
skeletal system
The entire framework of bones and their cartilages, along wit…
53 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 7
Sterilization
Disinfection
Antisepsis
Degerming
removal or destruction of all forms of microbial life
removing pathogens from non living material
removinb pathogens from living tissue
antisepsis of a limited area; • ex. alcohol swab of skin b/f…
Sterilization
removal or destruction of all forms of microbial life
Disinfection
removing pathogens from non living material
96 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 6
Microbial Growth
discrete colony
reproduction
nutrients: chemical and energy require…
an increase in number of cells, not cell size
an aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell
what results in growth?
1) Source of Carbon, Energy, and Electrons 2) Oxygen Requirem…
Microbial Growth
an increase in number of cells, not cell size
discrete colony
an aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell
96 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 4
what has 1 circular chromosome that is…
what has no histones, what does?
what are in prokaryote cell walls?
what is in eukaryote cell walls?
prokaryote
prokaryote,eukaryote
peptidoglycan
if they have cell walls, polysaccharide
what has 1 circular chromosome that is…
prokaryote
what has no histones, what does?
prokaryote,eukaryote
59 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 14
Epidemiology
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
science that studies when and where diseases occur and how th…
scientific study of disease and diseased tissues
cause of the disease
manner and time in which disease develops
Epidemiology
science that studies when and where diseases occur and how th…
Pathology
scientific study of disease and diseased tissues
86 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 15
3 factors that determine if an organis…
Portals of Entry into the Host
Preferred Portals
Numbers of Invading microbes
Portals of Entry, # of invading microbes, Adherence
Mucous membranes, skin , parenteral route
these are necessary for certain organisms to be pathogenic EX…
# required for infection; varies for each organism
3 factors that determine if an organis…
Portals of Entry, # of invading microbes, Adherence
Portals of Entry into the Host
Mucous membranes, skin , parenteral route
48 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 15
Diptheria Toxin
Erythrogenic Toxin
Botulinum Toxin
Tetanus Toxin
Etiological Agent... *Corynebacterium diptheriae... Mechanism... *A-B…
Etiological Agent... *Streptococcus pyogenes... Mechanism... *Superan…
Etiological Agent... *Clostridium botulinum... Mechanism... *A-B neur…
Etiological Agent... *Clostridium tetani... Mechanism... *A-B Toxin…
Diptheria Toxin
Etiological Agent... *Corynebacterium diptheriae... Mechanism... *A-B…
Erythrogenic Toxin
Etiological Agent... *Streptococcus pyogenes... Mechanism... *Superan…
48 terms
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 5
metabolism
catabolism
hydrolytic reactions
exergonic
the sum of all chemical reactions
the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones…
reactions which use water and in which chemical bonds are bro…
produce more energy than they consume
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions
catabolism
the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones…
45 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 13
Antigenic drift
Antigenic shift
Viron
capsid
A minor variation in the antigenic makeup of influenza viruse…
A major genetic change in influenza viruses causing changes i…
A complete fully developed viral particle.
the protein coat of a virus that surrounds the nucleic acid.
Antigenic drift
A minor variation in the antigenic makeup of influenza viruse…
Antigenic shift
A major genetic change in influenza viruses causing changes i…
37 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 16
Susceptibility
Immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity
Lack of resistance to a disease
Ability to ward off a disease
Defenses that are present at birth and protection against any…
-Resistance to a specific pathogen... -The ability, obtained dur…
Susceptibility
Lack of resistance to a disease
Immunity
Ability to ward off a disease
59 terms
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 3
Microorganisms are measured in-
0.000001m (10^-6 m)
0.000000001m (10^-9)
Objective lenses
Micrometers and Nanometers
micrometer... (divided by a million)
nanometer
primary lens that magnify the specimen
Microorganisms are measured in-
Micrometers and Nanometers
0.000001m (10^-6 m)
micrometer... (divided by a million)
64 terms
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 21
Which of the following is not normal m…
An 8-year-old female has scabs and pus…
The etiologic agent of warts is
transmitted by the respiratory route
Streptococcus
Chickenpox
Papovavirus.
Chickenpox, small pox, German measles
Which of the following is not normal m…
Streptococcus
An 8-year-old female has scabs and pus…
Chickenpox
71 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 14
Pathology
pathogenesis
etiology
etiological agent
scientific study of disease
the way in which the disease developes
cause of the disease
the microbe that causes the disease
Pathology
scientific study of disease
pathogenesis
the way in which the disease developes
96 terms
Microbiology Tortora Ch 6
Microbial Growth
discrete colony
reproduction
nutrients: chemical and energy require…
an increase in number of cells, not cell size
an aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell
what results in growth?
1) Source of Carbon, Energy, and Electrons 2) Oxygen Requirem…
Microbial Growth
an increase in number of cells, not cell size
discrete colony
an aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell
55 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 6
Psychrophiles
Mesophiles
Thermophiles
Psychrotroph
cold loving microbes
moderate temperature loving microbes
heat loving microbes
A ____ is a mesophile that is able to grow at cold temperatur…
Psychrophiles
cold loving microbes
Mesophiles
moderate temperature loving microbes
71 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 16
Seven Non-specific defenses of the Host
List the 6 Mechanical barriers
Which 2 Mechanical barriers are the 1s…
List the 5 Chemical barriers
Mechanical, Chemical, Phagocytosis, Inflammation, Fever, Comp…
skin, mucous membranes, saliva, lacrimal apparatus, urine, va…
skin and mucous membranes
enzymes, saliva, sebum production, perspiration, gastric and…
Seven Non-specific defenses of the Host
Mechanical, Chemical, Phagocytosis, Inflammation, Fever, Comp…
List the 6 Mechanical barriers
skin, mucous membranes, saliva, lacrimal apparatus, urine, va…
37 terms
Microbiology Tortora chapter 8
Genetics
Genes
Chromosomes
Genome
study of genes
segment of DNA that encodes a functional product; usually a p…
contain DNA that carries hereditary information
all genetic information
Genetics
study of genes
Genes
segment of DNA that encodes a functional product; usually a p…
45 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 16
Immunity
Susceptibility
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
body's ability to ward off disease.
how easy the body can contract a disease or lack of immunity.
host defenses that afford protection protection against any k…
the ability, obtained during the life of the individual, to p…
Immunity
body's ability to ward off disease.
Susceptibility
how easy the body can contract a disease or lack of immunity.
34 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 3
Simple Microscope
Light Microscopy
Types of Light Microscopy
Total Magnification
Only has one lens
Any kind of microscope that uses visible light to observe spe…
1. Compound Light Microscopy... 2. Darkfield Microscopy... 3. Phase…
Objective Lens x Ocular Lens
Simple Microscope
Only has one lens
Light Microscopy
Any kind of microscope that uses visible light to observe spe…
32 terms
Microbiology Tortora chapter 8
Genetics
Genes
Chromosomes
Genome
study of genes
segment of DNA that encodes a functional product; usually a p…
contain DNA that carries hereditary information
all genetic information
Genetics
study of genes
Genes
segment of DNA that encodes a functional product; usually a p…
29 terms
Ch 10 Microbiology Tortora
Taxonomy
Phylogeny
Taxonomy Systematic
Binomial nomenclature
The study/science of classifying and naming organisms
The study of Evolutionary Relationships/Relatedness
The science of the classification of organisms, with the goal…
The system where organisms are given a two-part scientific na…
Taxonomy
The study/science of classifying and naming organisms
Phylogeny
The study of Evolutionary Relationships/Relatedness
85 terms
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 15
The bone marrow is where... A. immune res…
The progeny cells of a B-cell clone ar…
Helper T cells... A. secrete antibodies.…
Plasma cells... A. secrete antibodies.... B.…
B. blood stem cells give rise to immature lymphocytes.
D. plasma cells.
E. activate B cells and other T cells.
A. secrete antibodies.
The bone marrow is where... A. immune res…
B. blood stem cells give rise to immature lymphocytes.
The progeny cells of a B-cell clone ar…
D. plasma cells.
35 terms
Tortora Chapter 1 Vocab
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Differentiation
The science of a structure and the relationships among struct…
The science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work
The sum of all the chemical processes that occur in the body
The process whereby unspecialized cells become specialized ce…
Anatomy
The science of a structure and the relationships among struct…
Physiology
The science of body functions, that is, how the body parts work
33 terms
Tortora - Ch 7 Vocab
action potential
afferent (sensory) nervous system
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
axon
an electrical signal that propagates along the membrane of a…
consists of a variety of nerve receptors and their associated…
an automatic or self-regulating system of autonomic motor neu…
a fiber that conducts electrical impulses away from the cell…
action potential
an electrical signal that propagates along the membrane of a…
afferent (sensory) nervous system
consists of a variety of nerve receptors and their associated…
266 terms
Tortora Ch 14 Vocab
Brain
Neural tube
Primary brain vesicles
Secondary brain vesicles
Portion of the CNS contained in the cranium
Portion of the ectoderm that develop into the brain and spina…
Three divisions of the anterior neural tube, prosencephalon,…
Subdivisions of the prosencephalon & rhomencephalon
Brain
Portion of the CNS contained in the cranium
Neural tube
Portion of the ectoderm that develop into the brain and spina…
30 terms
Tortora Ch.1
Disorder
Disease
Symptoms
Sign
Any abnormality of structure or function
Illness that's characterized by recognizable set of symptoms…
Subjective changed in body function that aren't apparent to a…
Objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure (f…
Disorder
Any abnormality of structure or function
Disease
Illness that's characterized by recognizable set of symptoms…
38 terms
Tortora Micro Chapter 17
3 requirements of a Host's specific de…
Specific defenses trigger?
Germ cells for Lymphocytes are where?
Define Germ cells
1-require prior exposure to an Antigen 2-good against a speci…
production of specific Antibodies and/or production and activ…
in the bone marrow
Undifferentiated cells in bone marrow
3 requirements of a Host's specific de…
1-require prior exposure to an Antigen 2-good against a speci…
Specific defenses trigger?
production of specific Antibodies and/or production and activ…
29 terms
Tortora - Ch 8 Vocab
adaptation
aqueous humor
cochlea
cone
a decrease in the strength of sensation during a prolonged st…
the watery fluid that fills the anterior cavity of the eye be…
a winding, cone-shaped tube that forms a portion of the inner…
one of the two types of photo receptors which allow us to see…
adaptation
a decrease in the strength of sensation during a prolonged st…
aqueous humor
the watery fluid that fills the anterior cavity of the eye be…
117 terms
Tortora Ch 6 Vocab
remodeling
skeletal system
osteology
osteo
Process of breaking down old bone and making new bone
Bones, cartilage, tendons & ligaments
Study of bone structure
bone
remodeling
Process of breaking down old bone and making new bone
skeletal system
Bones, cartilage, tendons & ligaments
152 terms
Tortora cap. 1 (Alumnos)
Anatomía
Fisiologia
Fisiologia
Disección
Rama de la ciencia que estudia estructuras corporales y las r…
Ciencia que estudia las funciones corporales
Ciencia que estudia como funcionan las distintas partes del c…
Acto de cortar estructuras de cuerpo para estudiar sus relaci…
Anatomía
Rama de la ciencia que estudia estructuras corporales y las r…
Fisiologia
Ciencia que estudia las funciones corporales
102 terms
Tortora Microbiology ch. 12
Arthropods
Helminths
Fungi
Algae
Animals with jointed legs. Transmit diseases important in mic…
Multicellular animals, chemoheterotrophs. Most obtain nutrien…
In the fungi kingdom; cheemoheterotrophs and acquire food by…
Belong to several kingdoms and can reproduce both sexually an…
Arthropods
Animals with jointed legs. Transmit diseases important in mic…
Helminths
Multicellular animals, chemoheterotrophs. Most obtain nutrien…
30 terms
Tortora Ch.1
Disorder
Disease
Symptoms
Sign
Any abnormality of structure or function
Illness that's characterized by recognizable set of symptoms…
Subjective changed in body function that aren't apparent to a…
Objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure (f…
Disorder
Any abnormality of structure or function
Disease
Illness that's characterized by recognizable set of symptoms…
157 terms
Tortora Ch 10 Vocab
Myology
Myo
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Scientific study of muscle
muscle
Striated, voluntary muscle, muli
Striated, involuntary muscle of the heart
Myology
Scientific study of muscle
Myo
muscle
48 terms
Tortora Ch.4
Chromatophores
Spheroplasts
Sex Pili
Fimbriae
Contains pigments for photosynthesis by bacteria; found in th…
Gram-Negative bacterial cells after their treatment with lyso…
Specialized external structures that asset in the transfer of…
Numerous short, hair like appendages that help in attachment…
Chromatophores
Contains pigments for photosynthesis by bacteria; found in th…
Spheroplasts
Gram-Negative bacterial cells after their treatment with lyso…
266 terms
Tortora Ch 14 Vocab
Brain
Neural tube
Primary brain vesicles
Secondary brain vesicles
Portion of the CNS contained in the cranium
Portion of the ectoderm that develop into the brain and spina…
Three divisions of the anterior neural tube, prosencephalon,…
Subdivisions of the prosencephalon & rhomencephalon
Brain
Portion of the CNS contained in the cranium
Neural tube
Portion of the ectoderm that develop into the brain and spina…
Tortora Chap 10
Taxonomy
Taxon
Phylogeny
Discuss limitations of a 2 kingdom cla…
putting organisms into categories or taxa to show degrees of…
categories
(systemics) study of evolutionary history of organisms
...
Taxonomy
putting organisms into categories or taxa to show degrees of…
Taxon
categories
34 terms
Tortora Ch.1
Redi
Virchow
Jenner
Hooke
demonstrated that maggot appeared only in decaying meat that…
introduced concept that living cells arise from other living…
introduced the technique of vaccination for smallpox.
First to use the microscope for observe "cells".
Redi
demonstrated that maggot appeared only in decaying meat that…
Virchow
introduced concept that living cells arise from other living…
63 terms
tortora chapter 7
sterilization
heating
clostridium botulinum
commercial sterilization
the removal or destruction of all living microorgamisms
most common method used for killing microbes
food is subjected only to enough hear to destroy the endospor…
limited heat treatment
sterilization
the removal or destruction of all living microorgamisms
heating
most common method used for killing microbes
35 terms
tortora chapter 1 vocab
anatomy
physiology
metabolism
differentiation
science of structure and relations among structures
science of body functions
the sum of all the chemical processes that occur in the body
the process by whereby unspecialized sets become specialized
anatomy
science of structure and relations among structures
physiology
science of body functions
26 terms
Tortora - Ch 9 Vocab
adrenal gland
aldosterone
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
calcitonin
gland that sits on top of each of the kidneys and secretes ep…
acts on the kidneys to reabsorb sodium into the blood and exc…
a hormone secreted through the posterior pituitary lobe that…
a hormone secreted by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid…
adrenal gland
gland that sits on top of each of the kidneys and secretes ep…
aldosterone
acts on the kidneys to reabsorb sodium into the blood and exc…
48 terms
Tortora Ch.4
Chromatophores
Spheroplasts
Sex Pili
Fimbriae
Contains pigments for photosynthesis by bacteria; found in th…
Gram-Negative bacterial cells after their treatment with lyso…
Specialized external structures that asset in the transfer of…
Numerous short, hair like appendages that help in attachment…
Chromatophores
Contains pigments for photosynthesis by bacteria; found in th…
Spheroplasts
Gram-Negative bacterial cells after their treatment with lyso…
149 terms
Tortora Ch 10 Vocab
Myology
Myo
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Scientific study of muscle
muscle
Striated, voluntary muscle
Striated, involuntary muscle of the heart
Myology
Scientific study of muscle
Myo
muscle
31 terms
TORTORA CHAPTER 9
Biotechnology
microbes have been used in the commerc…
recombinant DNA (rDNA), genetic engine…
Differentiate biotechnology and recomb…
the use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
...
inserting genes into cells to make microorganisms as well as…
...
Biotechnology
the use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
microbes have been used in the commerc…
...
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