Study sets matching "toxicology chapter 14 environment"

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Study sets matching "toxicology chapter 14 environment"

28 terms
Chapter 14: Toxicology
Dose
Dose-response analysis
Teratogen
Endocrine disruptor
The amount of toxicant a test animal receives in a dose-respo…
A set of experiments that measure the response of test animal…
A toxicant that causes harm to the unborn, resulting in birth…
A toxicant that interferes with the endocrine (hormone) system.
Dose
The amount of toxicant a test animal receives in a dose-respo…
Dose-response analysis
A set of experiments that measure the response of test animal…
31 terms
Chapter 14 Toxicology
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
assesses environmental factors that influence our health and…
when we become sick from a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
science that examines the effects of poisonous substances on…
degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence our health and…
infectious disease
when we become sick from a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
30 terms
Chapter 14 Toxicology
Endocrine disruptor
Anthropogenic
Infectious, communicable, transmissibl…
Toxicology
A toxicant that interferes with the endocrine system
Human centered view
Disease in which a pathogen attacks a host
Scientific field that examines the effects of poisonous chemi…
Endocrine disruptor
A toxicant that interferes with the endocrine system
Anthropogenic
Human centered view
15 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Toxicology A
endocrine disruptor
Atrazine
What country has the highest rate of t…
Bioaccumulation
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
Denmark
Toxins build up in animals higher in the food chain
endocrine disruptor
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
Atrazine
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
43 terms
Forensics Chapter 14: Toxicology
Clinical Pharmacology
Drug
Poison
the identity, quantity, history, toler…
the effects of drugs on humans.
a chemical or chemical mixture that is designed to have one o…
toxic, life-threatening effect.
The Toxicologist must determine:
Clinical Pharmacology
the effects of drugs on humans.
Drug
a chemical or chemical mixture that is designed to have one o…
20 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Toxicology B
Vector
Radon
Silent Spring
What chemical caused cats in Japan to…
An organism that transfers the pathogen to the host.
A highly toxic radioactive gas that is undetectable without s…
book written by scientist Rachel Carson that spurred social c…
Mercury waste
Vector
An organism that transfers the pathogen to the host.
Radon
A highly toxic radioactive gas that is undetectable without s…
20 terms
Toxicology - Chapter 14
How is histamine synthesized?
What does histamine do?
What is an unwanted response from hist…
What chemical is considered an excitat…
Mast cells produce it and has profound effect on many organs
Mediator of immediate hypersensitivity rx and acute inflammat…
stimulation of gastric acid secretion
Histamine
How is histamine synthesized?
Mast cells produce it and has profound effect on many organs
What does histamine do?
Mediator of immediate hypersensitivity rx and acute inflammat…
27 terms
Chapter 14 health and toxicology
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
neurotoxins
toxins that produce an unnecessary immune response
storage and buildup of toxins in an animal
increase in the amount of toxins in an animal by consuming or…
toxicant that damages the nervous system
Allergens
toxins that produce an unnecessary immune response
Bioaccumulation
storage and buildup of toxins in an animal
56 terms
APES Chapter 14: Toxicology
Arsenic
BPA
DDT
Methyl Mercury
Neurotoxin; cases death and organ failure; it is found in wat…
Mutagen and endocrine disrupter (mimics estrogen); it causes…
Carcinogen and neurotoxin used as a pesticide that kills pest…
Neurotoxin and teratogen that causes brain defects, and coord…
Arsenic
Neurotoxin; cases death and organ failure; it is found in wat…
BPA
Mutagen and endocrine disrupter (mimics estrogen); it causes…
Ch. 14 Environment Health and Toxicology
BPA
4 types of environmental hazards
Physical hazards
Biological hazards
Bisphenol A... mimics estrogen... found in cans, baby bottles,toys
physical, biological, chemical,cultural hazards
occur naturally in the environment like earthquakes volcanoes…
result from ecological interactions... Viruses, bacteria, and ot…
BPA
Bisphenol A... mimics estrogen... found in cans, baby bottles,toys
4 types of environmental hazards
physical, biological, chemical,cultural hazards
33 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
disease
infectious diseases
chronic diseases
acute diseases
any impaired function of the body with a characteristic set o…
diseases caused by infectious agents, known as pathogens (ex.…
diseases that slowly impair the functioning of a person's bod…
diseases that rapidly impair the functioning of a person's body
disease
any impaired function of the body with a characteristic set o…
infectious diseases
diseases caused by infectious agents, known as pathogens (ex.…
Chapter 14 Living Environment Human Heredity
Genome
Karyotype
Sex chromosomes
Autosomes
The full set of genetic information that an organism carries…
Shows the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped togethe…
Chromosomes that determine an individual's sex.
The remaining 44 human chromosomes that are not sex chromosom…
Genome
The full set of genetic information that an organism carries…
Karyotype
Shows the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped togethe…
Ch. 14 Environment Health and Toxicology
BPA
4 types of environmental hazards
Physical hazards
Biological hazards
Bisphenol A... mimics estrogen... found in cans, baby bottles,toys
physical, biological, chemical,cultural hazards
occur naturally in the environment like earthquakes volcanoes…
result from ecological interactions... Viruses, bacteria, and ot…
BPA
Bisphenol A... mimics estrogen... found in cans, baby bottles,toys
4 types of environmental hazards
physical, biological, chemical,cultural hazards
26 terms
Chapter 14: Responding to the Environment
Stimulus
Response
Result
Senses
Something that a living thing can sense
How something acts because of a stimulus
The outcome or effect of a living thing's action
How living things notice the world around them
Stimulus
Something that a living thing can sense
Response
How something acts because of a stimulus
33 terms
Environmental Health and Toxicology Chapter 14
Acute exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
High exposure for short periods of time
Over-activate the immune system, causing an immune response w…
Persistent toxicants accumulate (gather or build up) in an an…
Moreover, each individual consumes many individuals from the…
Acute exposure
High exposure for short periods of time
Allergens
Over-activate the immune system, causing an immune response w…
Chapter 14: Environmental health and toxicology
Bisphenol A (BPA)
environmental health
physical hazards
chemical hazards
organic compound synthesized in the late 1800s used in plasti…
study of how environmental factors affect human health and qu…
from natural environmental processes that may harm health or…
synthetic and natural substances that pose risks to health or…
Bisphenol A (BPA)
organic compound synthesized in the late 1800s used in plasti…
environmental health
study of how environmental factors affect human health and qu…
10 terms
Chapter 14: Ocean Environments
habitat
intertidal zone
estuary
wetland
The natural environment in which a living thing gets all that…
The narrow ocean margin between the high-tide mark and the lo…
A shoreline area where fresh water from a river mixes with sa…
A wet, swampy area that is often flooded with water.
habitat
The natural environment in which a living thing gets all that…
intertidal zone
The narrow ocean margin between the high-tide mark and the lo…
Environmental Health and Toxicology Chapter 14
Natural produced chemicals
100,000
toxicants
1940's (world war 2)
oil oozing fromt the ground,... radon gas seeping up from bedro…
how may artificial (synthetic) chemicals are available today?
what are these synthetic chemicals classified as?
when did synthetic pesticides begin to be used?
Natural produced chemicals
oil oozing fromt the ground,... radon gas seeping up from bedro…
100,000
how may artificial (synthetic) chemicals are available today?
Chapter 14 - Environmental Health and Toxicology
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
assesses env. factors that influence health and quality of life
when we become sick with a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
science that examines the effects of poisonous substances on…
degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
environmental health
assesses env. factors that influence health and quality of life
infectious disease
when we become sick with a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
21 terms
Chapter 14- Environmental Health and Toxicology
anthropogenic
acute exposure
allergens
bioaccumulation
hazards that stem from human activities
exposure to toxins in high levels for a short period of time
toxins that produce an unnecessary immune response
storage and buildup of toxins in an animal
anthropogenic
hazards that stem from human activities
acute exposure
exposure to toxins in high levels for a short period of time
Chapter 14 - Enviornmental Health & Toxicology
Acute exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
Exposure to a hazardous substance over a short period of time…
Substances that activate the immune system and cause an aller…
The accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in…
The accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the fo…
Acute exposure
Exposure to a hazardous substance over a short period of time…
Allergens
Substances that activate the immune system and cause an aller…
AP Environment chp.14 Environmental Health and Toxicology
Physical Hazards
Chemical Hazards
Biological Hazards
Cultural Hazards
Processes that occur naturally in the environment and pose a…
Many of the synthetic chemicals in our society such as pestic…
Result from ecological hazards through organisms
Hazards that result from our occupation, way of life and resi…
Physical Hazards
Processes that occur naturally in the environment and pose a…
Chemical Hazards
Many of the synthetic chemicals in our society such as pestic…
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
chemical hazards
biological hazards
cultural hazards
radon
synthetic chemicals (pharmaceuticals, disinfectants, pesticid…
result from ecological interactions among organisms; virus, b…
result from our place of residence, occupation, behavior al c…
highly toxic radioactive colorless gas; bedrock
chemical hazards
synthetic chemicals (pharmaceuticals, disinfectants, pesticid…
biological hazards
result from ecological interactions among organisms; virus, b…
26 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
toxicant
a disease that is caused by a pathogen attacking a host, such…
the science that examines the effects of poisonous substances…
the degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
a toxic substance or poison
infectious disease
a disease that is caused by a pathogen attacking a host, such…
toxicology
the science that examines the effects of poisonous substances…
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
acute exposure
Aldrin
allergens
asbestos
Exposure to a toxicant occuring in high amounts for short per…
...
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Any of several types of mineral that form long, thin microsco…
acute exposure
Exposure to a toxicant occuring in high amounts for short per…
Aldrin
...
Chapter 14 - Environmental Health & Toxicology
Allergen
Acute Exposure
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
The buildup of toxicants in the tissues of an animal
The magnification of the concentration of toxicants in an org…
Allergen
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Acute Exposure
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
15 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Toxicology A and B
endocrine disruptor
Atrazine
What country has the highest rate of t…
Bioaccumulation
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
Denmark
Toxins build up in animals higher in the food chain
endocrine disruptor
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
Atrazine
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
Environment Chapter 14
For the last 100 years, our primary en…
Which of the following primary energy…
One hundred units of coal energy are c…
Currently, fossil fuels meet ________…
fossil fuels
oil
energy end-use efficiency
79%
For the last 100 years, our primary en…
fossil fuels
Which of the following primary energy…
oil
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Assesses environmental factors that in…
Sciene that examines the effects of po…
Degree of harm a chemical substance ca…
A toxic substance or poison
Environmental Health
Toxicology
Toxicity
Toxicant
Assesses environmental factors that in…
Environmental Health
Sciene that examines the effects of po…
Toxicology
29 terms
Environmental Chemistry - Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
bisphenol A
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
A substance widely used in plastics and to line food and drin…
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
A disease in which a pathogen attacks a host.
The scientific field that examines the effects of poisonous c…
bisphenol A
A substance widely used in plastics and to line food and drin…
environmental health
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
16 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
4 types of environmental hazards
disease is a major focus of environmen…
what spreads infectious disease?
How do we fight disease?
Physical hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, cultu…
different
social and environmental factors
Most effective: improve basic living conditions of the world'…
4 types of environmental hazards
Physical hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, cultu…
disease is a major focus of environmen…
different
28 terms
Chapter 14 - Living in the Environment
geology
core
mantle
crust
study of dynamic process occurring on the earths surface & in…
inner most zone, extremely hot, solid interior surrounded by…
solid rock under outermost part is the asthenosphere
Solid outer zone of the earth. It consists of oceanic crust a…
geology
study of dynamic process occurring on the earths surface & in…
core
inner most zone, extremely hot, solid interior surrounded by…
12 terms
Chapter 14- Envrio Heath and Toxicology
Environmental Heath
Hurricane Katrina
Chemical Hazards
Examples of water soluble chemicals
Asses the envrio factors that influence our heath and quality…
- August 29, 2005... - an acute physical hazard... - poor preparati…
The introduction of synthetic chemicals into the environment…
- pesticides... - herbicides... - pharmaceuticals ... - disinfectants
Environmental Heath
Asses the envrio factors that influence our heath and quality…
Hurricane Katrina
- August 29, 2005... - an acute physical hazard... - poor preparati…
Toxicology Unit 8 Chapter 14
Endocrine Disruptor
Anthropogenic
Infectious, Communicable, Transmissibl…
Toxicology
A toxicant that interferes with the endocrine (hormone) system
Caused or produced by humans
Disease spread from person to person in which a pathogen atta…
Study of the effects of poisons on the human body and other o…
Endocrine Disruptor
A toxicant that interferes with the endocrine (hormone) system
Anthropogenic
Caused or produced by humans
Chapter 14- Environmental Health & Toxicology
bisphenol A
environmental health
infectious disease
hazards
an organic compound with the chemical formula C15H16O2, first…
assesses environmental factors that influence our health and…
When we become sick from a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
4 categories of environmental health _______________: physica…
bisphenol A
an organic compound with the chemical formula C15H16O2, first…
environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence our health and…
5 terms
Chapter 14: Environment
Environmental Sociology
Climate Change
Water Quality
Water Supply
Considers the interactions between our physical and natural e…
The warming of the Earth's surface
Polluted waterways from industrial contaminants and untreated…
1% of the world's water can be used for drinking... 66% of the p…
Environmental Sociology
Considers the interactions between our physical and natural e…
Climate Change
The warming of the Earth's surface
16 terms
Chapter 14- Environment
China Price
Community of Scholars
Ecofeminism
Environmental refugees
the true cost of China's competitive advantage in manufacturi…
the people associated with a particular academic discipline,…
a philosophical and political movement that combines ecologic…
People forced to leave their home region owing to sudden chan…
China Price
the true cost of China's competitive advantage in manufacturi…
Community of Scholars
the people associated with a particular academic discipline,…
Environment Chapter 14
photochemical smog
smog
air toxins
synergistic effects
smog produced by chemicals in the presence of light
poor air quality resulting from a mixture of smoke and fog
air pollutants that are known to cause cancer or other seriou…
combined effects of 2 pollutants are greater then the sum of…
photochemical smog
smog produced by chemicals in the presence of light
smog
poor air quality resulting from a mixture of smoke and fog
44 terms
Chapter 14 - Environmental Health & Toxicology
Allergen
Acute Exposure
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
The buildup of toxicants in the tissues of an animal
The magnification of the concentration of toxicants in an org…
Allergen
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Acute Exposure
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
Chapter 14 Environment
La basura
el calentamiento global
el cartón
el consumo responsable
garbage
global warming
cardboard
ethical consumerism
La basura
garbage
el calentamiento global
global warming
28 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Health & Toxicology
Environmental health
Infectious disease
Toxicology
Toxicity
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
Environmental health hazard; when we become sick from a virus…
the science that examines the impacts of poisonous substances…
The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm…
Environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
Infectious disease
Environmental health hazard; when we become sick from a virus…
25 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Bisphenol A (BPA)
Environmental health
Physical hazards
Chemical hazards
- Causes cancer, nerve damage, and miscarriages... - Act at extr…
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
- occur naturally in the environment... - Examples: earthquakes,…
- results from synthetic chemicals... - Examples: pharmaceutical…
Bisphenol A (BPA)
- Causes cancer, nerve damage, and miscarriages... - Act at extr…
Environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
30 terms
Environment Chapter 14
behavioral segmentation
brand name
business to business market
consumer market
dividing the market based on behavior with or toward a product
a word, letter, or group of words that differentiates one sel…
all individuals and organizations that want goods and service…
all individuals or households that want goods and services fo…
behavioral segmentation
dividing the market based on behavior with or toward a product
brand name
a word, letter, or group of words that differentiates one sel…
Environment Chapter 14
Freshwater
Water cycle
Surface waters
Transpiration
Water that has few dissolved ions such as salt. 80% of freshw…
The movement of water compartments such as surface waters, at…
Any body of water found above ground.
The loss of water vapor from plants.
Freshwater
Water that has few dissolved ions such as salt. 80% of freshw…
Water cycle
The movement of water compartments such as surface waters, at…
48 terms
Chapter 14 vocab-environment
el aire puro
el animal doméstico
la ballena
el bosque
fresh air
pet, domestic animal
whale
forest
el aire puro
fresh air
el animal doméstico
pet, domestic animal
27 terms
chapter 14: environmental health and toxicology vocab
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
assesses environmental practiced that influence our health an…
a disease in which a pathogen infects a host
science that examines the effects of poisonous substances on…
the degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
environmental health
assesses environmental practiced that influence our health an…
infectious disease
a disease in which a pathogen infects a host
15 terms
Living Environment Chapter 14 Vocabulary
genome
karyotype
sex chromosomes
autosomes
Full set of genetic information carried in an organism's DNA
Photograph of a complete set of diploid chromosomes in pairs…
Two of the 46 chromosomes in the human gnome which determine…
Forth four chromosomes in the human gnome
genome
Full set of genetic information carried in an organism's DNA
karyotype
Photograph of a complete set of diploid chromosomes in pairs…
Chapter 14 Environment
Name four types of environment hazards.
What are some major human deaths focus…
Give results from of worlds deaths in…
toxicology
Physical hazards: radiation from sunlight damage DNA, skin ca…
Cancer, heart disease , and respiratory disorders have some g…
Over half of the world diseases , cancer and heart disease fr…
Science that examines effects of poisonous substances on huma…
Name four types of environment hazards.
Physical hazards: radiation from sunlight damage DNA, skin ca…
What are some major human deaths focus…
Cancer, heart disease , and respiratory disorders have some g…
APES Chapter 14 Vocab: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Environmental health
Infectious disease
Toxicology
Toxicity
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
A disease in which a pathogen attacks a host
The scientific field that examines the effects of poisonous c…
The degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
Environmental health
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
Infectious disease
A disease in which a pathogen attacks a host
7 terms
Chapter 14: Risk, Human Health, and Toxicology
Acute effect
Bio magnification
Bioterrorism
Carcinogens
an immediate or rapid harmful reaction to an exposure
levels of some potential toxins in the environment
involves the deliberate release of disease cousins
chemicals, ironizing radiation, and viruses
Acute effect
an immediate or rapid harmful reaction to an exposure
Bio magnification
levels of some potential toxins in the environment
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