How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "toxicology chapter 14 environmental health"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "toxicology chapter 14 environmental health"

33 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
disease
infectious diseases
chronic diseases
acute diseases
any impaired function of the body with a characteristic set o…
diseases caused by infectious agents, known as pathogens (ex.…
diseases that slowly impair the functioning of a person's bod…
diseases that rapidly impair the functioning of a person's body
disease
any impaired function of the body with a characteristic set o…
infectious diseases
diseases caused by infectious agents, known as pathogens (ex.…
32 terms
Chapter 14 - Environmental Health & Toxicology
Allergen
Acute Exposure
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
The buildup of toxicants in the tissues of an animal
The magnification of the concentration of toxicants in an org…
Allergen
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Acute Exposure
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
33 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
chemical hazards
biological hazards
cultural hazards
radon
synthetic chemicals (pharmaceuticals, disinfectants, pesticid…
result from ecological interactions among organisms; virus, b…
result from our place of residence, occupation, behavior al c…
highly toxic radioactive colorless gas; bedrock
chemical hazards
synthetic chemicals (pharmaceuticals, disinfectants, pesticid…
biological hazards
result from ecological interactions among organisms; virus, b…
41 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
acute exposure
Aldrin
allergens
asbestos
Exposure to a toxicant occuring in high amounts for short per…
...
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Any of several types of mineral that form long, thin microsco…
acute exposure
Exposure to a toxicant occuring in high amounts for short per…
Aldrin
...
23 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Assesses environmental factors that in…
Sciene that examines the effects of po…
Degree of harm a chemical substance ca…
A toxic substance or poison
Environmental Health
Toxicology
Toxicity
Toxicant
Assesses environmental factors that in…
Environmental Health
Sciene that examines the effects of po…
Toxicology
29 terms
Environmental Chemistry - Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
bisphenol A
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
A substance widely used in plastics and to line food and drin…
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
A disease in which a pathogen attacks a host.
The scientific field that examines the effects of poisonous c…
bisphenol A
A substance widely used in plastics and to line food and drin…
environmental health
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
33 terms
Environmental Health and Toxicology Chapter 14
Acute exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
High exposure for short periods of time
Over-activate the immune system, causing an immune response w…
Persistent toxicants accumulate (gather or build up) in an an…
Moreover, each individual consumes many individuals from the…
Acute exposure
High exposure for short periods of time
Allergens
Over-activate the immune system, causing an immune response w…
17 terms
Environmental Health and Toxicology Chapter 14
Natural produced chemicals
100,000
toxicants
1940's (world war 2)
oil oozing fromt the ground,... radon gas seeping up from bedro…
how may artificial (synthetic) chemicals are available today?
what are these synthetic chemicals classified as?
when did synthetic pesticides begin to be used?
Natural produced chemicals
oil oozing fromt the ground,... radon gas seeping up from bedro…
100,000
how may artificial (synthetic) chemicals are available today?
44 terms
Chapter 14 - Environmental Health & Toxicology
Allergen
Acute Exposure
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
The buildup of toxicants in the tissues of an animal
The magnification of the concentration of toxicants in an org…
Allergen
A toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
Acute Exposure
Exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for short pe…
28 terms
Chapter 14 - Environmental Health and Toxicology
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
assesses env. factors that influence health and quality of life
when we become sick with a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
science that examines the effects of poisonous substances on…
degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
environmental health
assesses env. factors that influence health and quality of life
infectious disease
when we become sick with a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
21 terms
Chapter 14- Environmental Health and Toxicology
anthropogenic
acute exposure
allergens
bioaccumulation
hazards that stem from human activities
exposure to toxins in high levels for a short period of time
toxins that produce an unnecessary immune response
storage and buildup of toxins in an animal
anthropogenic
hazards that stem from human activities
acute exposure
exposure to toxins in high levels for a short period of time
28 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Health & Toxicology
Environmental health
Infectious disease
Toxicology
Toxicity
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
Environmental health hazard; when we become sick from a virus…
the science that examines the impacts of poisonous substances…
The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm…
Environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
Infectious disease
Environmental health hazard; when we become sick from a virus…
25 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Bisphenol A (BPA)
Environmental health
Physical hazards
Chemical hazards
- Causes cancer, nerve damage, and miscarriages... - Act at extr…
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
- occur naturally in the environment... - Examples: earthquakes,…
- results from synthetic chemicals... - Examples: pharmaceutical…
Bisphenol A (BPA)
- Causes cancer, nerve damage, and miscarriages... - Act at extr…
Environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
26 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
toxicant
a disease that is caused by a pathogen attacking a host, such…
the science that examines the effects of poisonous substances…
the degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
a toxic substance or poison
infectious disease
a disease that is caused by a pathogen attacking a host, such…
toxicology
the science that examines the effects of poisonous substances…
16 terms
Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
4 types of environmental hazards
disease is a major focus of environmen…
what spreads infectious disease?
How do we fight disease?
Physical hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, cultu…
different
social and environmental factors
Most effective: improve basic living conditions of the world'…
4 types of environmental hazards
Physical hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards, cultu…
disease is a major focus of environmen…
different
48 terms
Chapter 14- Environmental Health & Toxicology
bisphenol A
environmental health
infectious disease
hazards
an organic compound with the chemical formula C15H16O2, first…
assesses environmental factors that influence our health and…
When we become sick from a virus, bacterial infection, or oth…
4 categories of environmental health _______________: physica…
bisphenol A
an organic compound with the chemical formula C15H16O2, first…
environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence our health and…
27 terms
chapter 14: environmental health and toxicology vocab
environmental health
infectious disease
toxicology
toxicity
assesses environmental practiced that influence our health an…
a disease in which a pathogen infects a host
science that examines the effects of poisonous substances on…
the degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
environmental health
assesses environmental practiced that influence our health an…
infectious disease
a disease in which a pathogen infects a host
21 terms
ES - Chapter 14 Environmental Health and Toxicology
anthropogenic
acute exposure
allergens
bioaccumulation
Caused or produced by humans
high exposure for short periods of time
substances that activate the immune system; allergy
the build up of a substance (usually a toxin) as it passes th…
anthropogenic
Caused or produced by humans
acute exposure
high exposure for short periods of time
59 terms
APES Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Louis Guillete
Endocrine disrupter
Atrazine
aromatose
scientist that studied endocrine disrupters in lake Apopka Fl…
contaminants that mimic hormones and interfere with the funct…
most widely used fertilizer in US, endocrine disrupter, mimic…
converts testosterone to estrogen.
Louis Guillete
scientist that studied endocrine disrupters in lake Apopka Fl…
Endocrine disrupter
contaminants that mimic hormones and interfere with the funct…
20 terms
APES Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Endocrine Disruptor
Environmental Health
Vector
Toxicology
Contaminants that mimick horomones and interfere w/ the endic…
Assessing environmental factors that influence human health &…
Organism that transfers a pathogen to the host.
The science that examines the effects of poisonous substances…
Endocrine Disruptor
Contaminants that mimick horomones and interfere w/ the endic…
Environmental Health
Assessing environmental factors that influence human health &…
30 terms
APES Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring pri…
_ are best defined as substances that…
_ are best defined as substances that…
Carcinogens may be difficult to identi…
pesticide toxicity
Carcinogens
Teratogens
there is a long lag time between exposure to the agent and di…
Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring pri…
pesticide toxicity
_ are best defined as substances that…
Carcinogens
18 terms
Ch 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Environmental Health
Carcinogens
Mutagens
Teratogens
The study of how environmental factors influence human health…
Any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that is an agent di…
A physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic materia…
Any agent that can disturb the development of an embryo or fe…
Environmental Health
The study of how environmental factors influence human health…
Carcinogens
Any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that is an agent di…
32 terms
APES Chapter 14; Environmental Health and Toxicology
allergen
acute exposure
bioaccumulation
biomagnification
a toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for shorts p…
the buildup of toxicants in the tissues of an animal
the magnification of the concentration of toxicants in an org…
allergen
a toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
acute exposure
exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for shorts p…
28 terms
APES Chapter 14 Vocabulary: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Environmental health
Infectious disease
Toxicology
Toxicity
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
A disease in which a pathogen attacks a host
The scientific field that examines the effects of poisonous c…
The degree of harm a chemical substance can inflict
Environmental health
The study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
Infectious disease
A disease in which a pathogen attacks a host
32 terms
APES Chapter 14; Environmental Health and Toxicology
allergen
acute exposure
bioaccumulation
biomagnification
a toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for shorts p…
the buildup of toxicants in the tissues of an animal
the magnification of the concentration of toxicants in an org…
allergen
a toxicant that overactivates the immune system, causing an i…
acute exposure
exposure to a toxicant occurring in high amounts for shorts p…
16 terms
Global Chapter 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
one of most important characteristics…
Chemicals are divided into two major g…
generally cause more ill health than a…
Bioaccumulation
solubility
Those that dissolve more readily in water... Those that dissolve…
Airborne toxins
selective absorption and storage of toxins. Dilute toxins in…
one of most important characteristics…
solubility
Chemicals are divided into two major g…
Those that dissolve more readily in water... Those that dissolve…
21 terms
Chapter 14 review: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Explain the goals of environmental hea…
Environmental health goals
Disease
Toxicology
-seeks to assess and mitigate environmental factors that adve…
-seeks to assess and mitigate environmental factors that adve…
-is a major focus of environmental health. We have successful…
-is the study of poisonous substances.
Explain the goals of environmental hea…
-seeks to assess and mitigate environmental factors that adve…
Environmental health goals
-seeks to assess and mitigate environmental factors that adve…
15 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Toxicology A
endocrine disruptor
Atrazine
What country has the highest rate of t…
Bioaccumulation
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
Denmark
Toxins build up in animals higher in the food chain
endocrine disruptor
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
Atrazine
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
45 terms
Ch 14 APES Environmental Health & Toxicology
endocrine disruptors
environmental health
environmental hazards
physical hazards
Chemical compounds that mimic endocrine hormones or otherwise…
Environmental factors that influence human health and ecologi…
physical, chemical, biological or cultural threats to health
Such as fire, earthquake, volcanic eruption, flood, tornado,…
endocrine disruptors
Chemical compounds that mimic endocrine hormones or otherwise…
environmental health
Environmental factors that influence human health and ecologi…
20 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Toxicology B
Vector
Radon
Silent Spring
What chemical caused cats in Japan to…
An organism that transfers the pathogen to the host.
A highly toxic radioactive gas that is undetectable without s…
book written by scientist Rachel Carson that spurred social c…
Mercury waste
Vector
An organism that transfers the pathogen to the host.
Radon
A highly toxic radioactive gas that is undetectable without s…
56 terms
Ch.14 -- Environmental Health and Toxicology
environmental health
four types of environmental hazards
disease can be influenced by...
what is the ratio for people dying fro…
- assess environmental factors that influence our health and…
- physical: occur naturally in the environment and pose a ris…
environmental factors... (ex: you can get asthma in your location)
1:4
environmental health
- assess environmental factors that influence our health and…
four types of environmental hazards
- physical: occur naturally in the environment and pose a ris…
52 terms
CH 14 Environmental Health and Toxicology
Case Study: BPA
Physical Hazards
Chemical Hazards
Biological Hazards
BPA is a chemical associated with birth and neuorlogical defe…
arise from processes that occur naturally in the environment…
include many of the synthetic chemicals that our society manu…
result from ecological interactions among organisms... - virus... -…
Case Study: BPA
BPA is a chemical associated with birth and neuorlogical defe…
Physical Hazards
arise from processes that occur naturally in the environment…
27 terms
Chapter 14 health and toxicology
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
neurotoxins
toxins that produce an unnecessary immune response
storage and buildup of toxins in an animal
increase in the amount of toxins in an animal by consuming or…
toxicant that damages the nervous system
Allergens
toxins that produce an unnecessary immune response
Bioaccumulation
storage and buildup of toxins in an animal
15 terms
Chapter 14 Environmental Toxicology A and B
endocrine disruptor
Atrazine
What country has the highest rate of t…
Bioaccumulation
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
Denmark
Toxins build up in animals higher in the food chain
endocrine disruptor
an environmental contaminant that mimics hormones
Atrazine
a widely used herbicide that causes sex reversal in male embr…
13 terms
Ch. 14: Environmental Health & Toxicology
1. How prevalent are toxic chemicals i…
2. What are the primary types of toxic…
3. What are endocrine disruptors?... Wha…
4. Why is Bisphenol A (BPA) used in pr…
All of us carries traces of hundreds of synthetic chemicals i…
Carcinogens: cause cancer (unregulated cell/tissue growth)... -…
Endocrine disruptors: affect the endocrine (hormone) system…
Reproductive, developmental, & systemic toxicant linked to br…
1. How prevalent are toxic chemicals i…
All of us carries traces of hundreds of synthetic chemicals i…
2. What are the primary types of toxic…
Carcinogens: cause cancer (unregulated cell/tissue growth)... -…
30 terms
Chapter 8 Environmental Health & Toxicology
Toxicology
I. Toxic
II. Other Hazards
Eco toxicology
The study of poisons and their effects on living systems. Dan…
known poisons that damage or kill cells/tissues. Can be gener…
dangerous but not toxic : Flammable, explosive, irritant, aci…
deals with the interactions, transformation, fate, and effect…
Toxicology
The study of poisons and their effects on living systems. Dan…
I. Toxic
known poisons that damage or kill cells/tissues. Can be gener…
71 terms
Environmental Health Chapter 2: Toxicology
Toxicology
Who is Paracelsus?
Toxic Chemicals
What do toxicologists do?
The study of the adverse effects of chemicals on biological s…
He is considered the father of toxicology. His famous maxim:…
Can be natural, biological, or synthetic in origin... - Inorgani…
1) Develop mechanistic understanding of effects... 2) Ensure saf…
Toxicology
The study of the adverse effects of chemicals on biological s…
Who is Paracelsus?
He is considered the father of toxicology. His famous maxim:…
52 terms
APES CH 14 Vocabulary - Environmental Health and Toxicology
biphenol A (BPA)
environmental health
Physical hazards
Chemical hazards
a substance widely used in plastics and to line food and drin…
the study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
Arise from processes that occur naturally in our environment…
Include many of the synthetic chemicals that our society many…
biphenol A (BPA)
a substance widely used in plastics and to line food and drin…
environmental health
the study of environmental factors that influence human healt…
Chapter 10: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Environmental Health
4 types of environmental hazards... -Phys…
Leading causes of death across the world
Leading causes of death by infectious…
Assess environmental factors that influence our health and qu…
Physical: Arise from processes that occur naturally in our en…
Cardiovascular... Infectious diseases... Cancers... Respiratory diseas…
Respiratory infections... Diarrheal diseases... AIDS... TB... Malaria... Chi…
Environmental Health
Assess environmental factors that influence our health and qu…
4 types of environmental hazards... -Phys…
Physical: Arise from processes that occur naturally in our en…
40 terms
Ch. 14 AP Environmental Science (Environmental Health and Toxicology)
Plasmodium
Cultural hazards
Biological Hazards
Endocrine disruptors
The multinucleate cytoplasm of a slime mold that is surrounde…
Human health hazards that result from the place we live, our…
Any living organisms or its properties that can cause an adve…
Environmental contaminants that mimics hormones and interfere…
Plasmodium
The multinucleate cytoplasm of a slime mold that is surrounde…
Cultural hazards
Human health hazards that result from the place we live, our…
AP Environment chp.14 Environmental Health and Toxicology
Physical Hazards
Chemical Hazards
Biological Hazards
Cultural Hazards
Processes that occur naturally in the environment and pose a…
Many of the synthetic chemicals in our society such as pestic…
Result from ecological hazards through organisms
Hazards that result from our occupation, way of life and resi…
Physical Hazards
Processes that occur naturally in the environment and pose a…
Chemical Hazards
Many of the synthetic chemicals in our society such as pestic…
24 terms
Chapter 14 - Enviornmental Health & Toxicology
Acute exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
Exposure to a hazardous substance over a short period of time…
Substances that activate the immune system and cause an aller…
The accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in…
The accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the fo…
Acute exposure
Exposure to a hazardous substance over a short period of time…
Allergens
Substances that activate the immune system and cause an aller…
36 terms
Chapter 10: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Environmental health
Physical hazards
Chemical hazards
Biological hazards
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
occur naturally in our environment
synthetic chemicals such as pesticides, disinfectants, pharma…
result from ecological interactions
Environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
Physical hazards
occur naturally in our environment
32 terms
Environmental Health & Toxicology
health
disease
morbidity
mortality
state of physical and emotional well being; absence of diseas…
a deleterious change in the body's condition in response to d…
illness or disease
death rate in a population; the probability of dying
health
state of physical and emotional well being; absence of diseas…
disease
a deleterious change in the body's condition in response to d…
46 terms
Ch. 14: Environmental Health and Toxicology
environmental health
physical hazard
chemical hazard
biological hazard
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
occurs naturally in our environment (i.e. earthquakes, floods…
synthetic chemicals such as pharmeceuticals, disinfectants, p…
result from ecological interactions (i.e. viruses, bacteria,…
environmental health
assesses environmental factors that influence human health an…
physical hazard
occurs naturally in our environment (i.e. earthquakes, floods…
47 terms
Chapter 8 Environmental Health and Toxicology
Acute Effects
Additive Reactions
Allergens
Antagonistic Reactions
caused by a single exposure to a toxin and results in an imme…
combined effect of two drug is equal to the sum of each drug…
substances that activate the immune system
When one drug interferes with action of another causing neutr…
Acute Effects
caused by a single exposure to a toxin and results in an imme…
Additive Reactions
combined effect of two drug is equal to the sum of each drug…
20 terms
Chapter 10 Environmental Health and Toxicology
What are the 4 types of Environmental…
Infectious Disease
Endocrine Disruptors
Toxicology
Physical, Chemical, Biological, and Cultural Hazards
are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses…
are chemicals that, at certain doses, can interfere with endo…
the branch of science concerned with the nature, effects, and…
What are the 4 types of Environmental…
Physical, Chemical, Biological, and Cultural Hazards
Infectious Disease
are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses…
Chapter 8: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Health
Disease
Morbidity
Mortality
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being,…
an abnormal change in the body's condition that impairs impor…
illness
death
Health
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being,…
Disease
an abnormal change in the body's condition that impairs impor…
47 terms
Chapter 8 environmental health & toxicology
Morbidity
Mortality
Emergent diseases
Emergent & infectious
Illness
Death
Those not previously known have been absent for 20 years
-Communicable disease are still responsible for 1/3 of all di…
Morbidity
Illness
Mortality
Death
40 terms
APES Environmental Health and Toxicology
Plasmodium
Cultural hazards
Biological Hazards
Endocrine disruptors
The multinucleate cytoplasm of a slime mold that is surrounde…
Human health hazards that result from the place we live, our…
Any living organisms or its properties that can cause an adve…
Environmental contaminants that mimics hormones and interfere…
Plasmodium
The multinucleate cytoplasm of a slime mold that is surrounde…
Cultural hazards
Human health hazards that result from the place we live, our…
1 of 10