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Study sets matching "transcripton"

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Study sets matching "transcripton"

10 terms
translation and transcripton
adenine pairs with
thymine pairs with
the 4 types of chromosome mutation are
the 3 types of gene mutation
cytosine
guanine
Translocation... Inversion... Duplication... Deletion
Substitution... Inversion... Duplication
adenine pairs with
cytosine
thymine pairs with
guanine
36 terms
lecture 26: transcripton
rRNA
tRNA
mRNA
mRNA
forms structure of the ribosome, recognizes transcript, catal…
activates amino acids and decodes mRNA
contains all of the information for coding a particular prote…
informational RNA has SD sequence, one specific for each prot…
rRNA
forms structure of the ribosome, recognizes transcript, catal…
tRNA
activates amino acids and decodes mRNA
15 terms
process of replication. translation & transcripton
transcription
1st step transcription
2nd step transcription
3rd step transcription
means copy or rewrite. DNA to RNA. changing from T's to U's
DNA unwinding or dna strands seperating, polymerase binds to…
slicing, RNA polymerase forms and joins mRNA codons. RNA form…
pairing bases, polymerase dropped off then zipper brings them…
transcription
means copy or rewrite. DNA to RNA. changing from T's to U's
1st step transcription
DNA unwinding or dna strands seperating, polymerase binds to…
34 terms
GN3: Transcripton
what type of primer is needed for tran…
what direction are nucleotides added?
changes made to single nucleotides as…
differences beween pro and euk transcr…
none
5-3
2 phosphates cleaved off
-pro: polycistronic, no introns, only 1 RNA pol... -euk: monocis…
what type of primer is needed for tran…
none
what direction are nucleotides added?
5-3
12 terms
The Declaration of Independence: A transcripton
claim
counterclaim
rebuttal
evidence
they should declare the causes which impel them to the separa…
refer to penultimate
they have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguin…
talking about actions against colonies, colonists from King G…
claim
they should declare the causes which impel them to the separa…
counterclaim
refer to penultimate
43 terms
DNA Structure, Replication, Transcripton, & Translation
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
nucleotide
Sugar, nitrogen base, & phosphates
adenine, thymine, guanine, & cytosine
DNA stands for
DNA is composed of smaller subunits known as these
The three parts of a nucleotide
The four nitrogen bases found in DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA stands for
nucleotide
DNA is composed of smaller subunits known as these
DNA Structure, Replication, Transcripton, & Translation
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
nucleotide
Sugar, nitrogen base, & phosphates
adenine, thymine, guanine, & cytosine
DNA stands for
DNA is composed of smaller subunits known as these
The three parts of a nucleotide
The four nitrogen bases found in DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA stands for
nucleotide
DNA is composed of smaller subunits known as these
43 terms
DNA Structure, Replication, Transcripton, & Translation
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
nucleotide
Sugar, nitrogen base, & phosphates
adenine, thymine, guanine, & cytosine
DNA stands for
DNA is composed of smaller subunits known as these
The three parts of a nucleotide
The four nitrogen bases found in DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA stands for
nucleotide
DNA is composed of smaller subunits known as these
Study Cards
transcripton
Translation
mRNA
tRNA
produces a single stranded RNA molecule
genetic coded in the mRNA to create specific protein.
carries the code from nucleus to ribosomes
amino acid to ribosomes
transcripton
produces a single stranded RNA molecule
Translation
genetic coded in the mRNA to create specific protein.
11 terms
DNA Part I Vocabulary
Transformaiton
Bacteriophage
Base Pairing
Replication
a process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gen…
a kind of virus that infects bacteria
the principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine…
the process of copying DNA prior to cell division
Transformaiton
a process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gen…
Bacteriophage
a kind of virus that infects bacteria
11 terms
Unit 2: gene expression
a segment of DNA that codes for a part…
process of doing transcription and tra…
production of a protein, coding for a…
example: sugar
Gene
protein synthesis
gene expression
inducer
a segment of DNA that codes for a part…
Gene
process of doing transcription and tra…
protein synthesis
10 terms
Biology set 1
transcripton
translation
mRNA
tRNA
first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment…
is the process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins. I…
messenger Rna. It leaves the nucleus and carries a message ba…
brings amino acids to the ribosomes.
transcripton
first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment…
translation
is the process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins. I…
ffdiodnidnsicni
DNA
DNA
DNA
Transcripton
deoxyribonucleic acid 2 chains of nucleotide
ribonucleic acid guides protein threw synthesis
subunit of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar a phosphat…
process when DNA is copied during the s phase of the cell cycle
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid 2 chains of nucleotide
DNA
ribonucleic acid guides protein threw synthesis
102 terms
DNA Replication, Transcription, and Translation
Helicase
Single-strand binding proteins (SSB)
DNA ploymerase I (pro)
primase
Unwinds and separates the DNA molecule by breaking H-bonds
react with and stabilize the separated single strand sections…
Adds new DNA nucleotides in place of the RNA primer
assembles 5-10 bases of RNA primer at the origin of replicati…
Helicase
Unwinds and separates the DNA molecule by breaking H-bonds
Single-strand binding proteins (SSB)
react with and stabilize the separated single strand sections…
10 terms
vocab 11
Nucleotides
DNA
DNA Replication
Gene
the building block of nucleic acids composed of nitrogenous b…
Blueprint for synthesis of proteins by the arrangement of nit…
One two sided dna molecule is convertedc into two identical d…
Specific location an a chromosome that codes for a particular…
Nucleotides
the building block of nucleic acids composed of nitrogenous b…
DNA
Blueprint for synthesis of proteins by the arrangement of nit…
9 terms
mechanism of genetics
mutation
dna
nucleotuide
nitrogen base
insertion, deletion, or substitution in a dna sequence
carries genetic information from parent cells or parents egg…
a component of dna that consists of sugar, phosphate group, a…
a component of the nucleotide and pairs with complimentary fo…
mutation
insertion, deletion, or substitution in a dna sequence
dna
carries genetic information from parent cells or parents egg…
13 terms
uuuu
DNA
Amino Acid
Protein
Codon
1.
2.
3.
4.
DNA
1.
Amino Acid
2.
10 terms
vocab list 11
Nucleo tides
dna
DNA replication
Gene
the building block of nucleic acids composed of nitrogenous b…
Blueprint for synthesis of proteins by the arrangement of nit…
one two sided dna molecule is convertedc into two identical d…
specific location an a chromosome that codes for a particular…
Nucleo tides
the building block of nucleic acids composed of nitrogenous b…
dna
Blueprint for synthesis of proteins by the arrangement of nit…
10 terms
Vocab #11
Nucleotides
DNA
DNA Replication
Gene
the building block of nucleic acids composed of nitrogenous b…
Blueprint for synthesis of proteins by the arrangement of nit…
One two sided dna molecule is convertedc into two identical d…
Specific location an a chromosome that codes for a particular…
Nucleotides
the building block of nucleic acids composed of nitrogenous b…
DNA
Blueprint for synthesis of proteins by the arrangement of nit…
10 terms
Biology week 7
Translation
Ribose
tRNA function
mRNA function
process of cellular ribosomes making protiens
organic compound classified as a monosaccharide, or simple su…
deciphering code words
carries out genetic info
Translation
process of cellular ribosomes making protiens
Ribose
organic compound classified as a monosaccharide, or simple su…
27 terms
Pharmacodynamics
pharmacodynamics
dose-response relationships
dose response curve
maximal efficacy
study of biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs and the…
relationship between the size of administered dose and the in…
phase 1- too much to be significant... phase 2- as we increase t…
largest effect that a drug can produce. max efficacy is not a…
pharmacodynamics
study of biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs and the…
dose-response relationships
relationship between the size of administered dose and the in…
chapter 8 biology
bacteriophage
Nucleotide
double helix
base paring rules
a virus that infect bacteria
small units, or monomers,that make up DNA
winds around each other
thymine=adenine and cytosine=guanine
bacteriophage
a virus that infect bacteria
Nucleotide
small units, or monomers,that make up DNA
22 terms
Principles of Biology: Section 1
Central Dogma of MOBO
macromolecules
subunit of nucleic acids
subunit of proteins
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids
deoxy ribonucleotides, ribonucleotides
amino acids (20)
Central Dogma of MOBO
macromolecules
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids
8 terms
DNA Terms
Protein Synthesis
Transcripton
Translation
The Central Dogma
The process by which cells make proteins
Using the DNA template to make an RNA molecule. It takes plac…
Where ribosomes use RNA as a pattern to make proteins. It hap…
DNA --> RNA --> Protein
Protein Synthesis
The process by which cells make proteins
Transcripton
Using the DNA template to make an RNA molecule. It takes plac…
40 terms
DNA Replication
DNA
RNA
Base Pairing
Replication
molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the gr…
a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal rol…
Any of the pairs of nucleotides connecting the complementary…
A copy or reproducing of something
DNA
molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the gr…
RNA
a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal rol…
60 terms
Honors Bio RNA/DNA
Types of nitrogenous bases
How are nucleotides joined?
Chargaffs rule
Watson and Crick
adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
formed between the sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate…
A=T C=G
discovered structure of DNA
Types of nitrogenous bases
adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
How are nucleotides joined?
formed between the sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate…
10 terms
DNA & TRANSLATION VOCAB
DNA
Protein
messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
Organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of…
(mRNA) a strand of RNA that encodes information to make a pro…
RNA consisting of folded molecules that transport amino acids…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
Protein
Organic compounds that consist of large molecules composed of…
62 terms
Bio lesson 14
Prokaryotes regulate gene expression i…
Eukaryotes regulate gene expression fo…
Regulation of gene expression
Transcriptional gene regulation
environmental changes (change occurs rapidly)
development, homeostasis (change occurs slowly)
1)Transcriptional regulation... 2)Post-transcriptional regulatio…
Provides first opportunity for cells to control gene expressi…
Prokaryotes regulate gene expression i…
environmental changes (change occurs rapidly)
Eukaryotes regulate gene expression fo…
development, homeostasis (change occurs slowly)
7 terms
Steps to make a bacterium produce human protein X in order (matching)
1
2
3
4
eukaryotic transcripton
reverse transcription
Restriction enzyme
DNA ligase
1
eukaryotic transcripton
2
reverse transcription
445 terms
Regents Review Grade 9
amino acids
polypeptide
RNA
transcription
The building blocks of proteins
Protein molecule composed of MANY amino acids
Single-stranded nucleic acid
The process of making RNA from DNA
amino acids
The building blocks of proteins
polypeptide
Protein molecule composed of MANY amino acids
Cell Signaling
cell signaling
signal transduction
hormones
endocrine
relaying information
converting information from one form to another- how a cell r…
secreted and transported via blood stream to target tissues
long range- cells produce hormones (radio)
cell signaling
relaying information
signal transduction
converting information from one form to another- how a cell r…
28 terms
Genetics
asexual reproduction
biotechnology
bond
chromosome
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
the combination of technology and biological sciences
the chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
a thick, threadlike structure that contains genetic informati…
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
biotechnology
the combination of technology and biological sciences
28 terms
Genetics
asexual reproduction
biotechnology
bond
chromosome
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
the combination of technology and biological sciences
the chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
a thick, threadlike structure that contains genetic informati…
asexual reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to…
biotechnology
the combination of technology and biological sciences
18 terms
DNA Vocabulary Cards.
DNA
Double Helix
Nucleus
Watson, crick and franklin
...... (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus…
... the shape formed by two parallel lines that twist around…
...the central part of most cells that contains genetic mater…
...... 3 discoverers of DOuble helix
DNA
...... (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus…
Double Helix
... the shape formed by two parallel lines that twist around…
83 terms
Bio-Chapter 11- KRW
Yeast "sex"
Signal Transduction pathway
Local signaling
long distance signaling
cells of this yeast identify their mates by chemical signalin…
the process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
local contact is direct contact and has cell junction and cel…
involves endocrine or hormonal system via circulatory duct ... a…
Yeast "sex"
cells of this yeast identify their mates by chemical signalin…
Signal Transduction pathway
the process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
109 terms
Chapter 18 Chapter 18 Gene Expression and Protein SynthesisC
Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
Transcription
Transcription takes place
Transcription starts when the
Information contained in DNA molecules is expressed in the st…
The Process by which information is encoded in a DNA molecule…
in the nucleus
DNA double Helix begins to unwind near the gene to be transcr…
Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
Information contained in DNA molecules is expressed in the st…
Transcription
The Process by which information is encoded in a DNA molecule…
11 terms
translation
Transcription
human genome
human transcriptone
RNA
Making a copy of DNA to RNA
replication copies entire genome and transcription copies onl…
approx 30,000 genes... transcription copies only "expressed" gen…
Ribose (sugar) ... A,C,G,U... single stranded... unstable
Transcription
Making a copy of DNA to RNA
human genome
replication copies entire genome and transcription copies onl…
33 terms
RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA
transcripton
mRNA
tRNA
Ribonucleic acid
dna to rna (both nucliec acids)
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
An RNA molecule that functions as an interpreter between nucl…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
transcripton
dna to rna (both nucliec acids)
50 terms
Campbell 17
one gene-one polypeptide hypothesis
transcripton
primary transcript
messenger RNA (mRNA)
the hypothesis that one structural gene codes for one polypep…
the synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA
serves as a precursor to mRNA, rRNA, or tRNA, before being pr…
carries information specifying amino acid sequences of protei…
one gene-one polypeptide hypothesis
the hypothesis that one structural gene codes for one polypep…
transcripton
the synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA
59 terms
Biology 101
Inheritance
Genetics
Allele
Phenotype
Passage of traits
Studies Inheritance
Alternate form of a single trait
traits that are observable ex: flower color
Inheritance
Passage of traits
Genetics
Studies Inheritance
74 terms
Hubs2206 L4: DNA Replication
sequence of events in reproduction
Sequence of reproduction: Cell Level
What is the functional unit that contr…
Structural proteins determine
-production of egg by meiosis... -fertilization produces diploid…
-fertilisation... -division... -migration... -differentiaion
DNA(gene) -> Protein -> Trait
physical traits
sequence of events in reproduction
-production of egg by meiosis... -fertilization produces diploid…
Sequence of reproduction: Cell Level
-fertilisation... -division... -migration... -differentiaion
17 terms
BIOL 1103 - Chap 18: Regulation of Gene Expression
Regulatory proteins
Francois Jacob and Jacques Monod
Operon
Promoter
Turn groups of genes on and off in response to various enviro…
Proposed the operon model of gene regulation in bacteria.... Ba…
Cluster of bacterial genes along with an adjacent promoter th…
Short, specific nucleotide sequences that signal the start of…
Regulatory proteins
Turn groups of genes on and off in response to various enviro…
Francois Jacob and Jacques Monod
Proposed the operon model of gene regulation in bacteria.... Ba…
44 terms
Chapter 14: Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes
Monod, Lwoff, & Jacob
constitutive transcriptions
regulated transcripton
most common point of gene regulation i…
1960; first described lac operon
unregulated, always transcribed (ex: CdKs)
not always transcribed
transcription
Monod, Lwoff, & Jacob
1960; first described lac operon
constitutive transcriptions
unregulated, always transcribed (ex: CdKs)
28 terms
Cells, Genetics, and Cellular Function
Chromatin is not static
Genes
genome
46 human chromosomes
It Changes According to Genes Being Turned on or off
Specific Segments of DNA Coding for a Molecule of RNA, Which…
All of the genes of an organism
Two sets of 23
Chromatin is not static
It Changes According to Genes Being Turned on or off
Genes
Specific Segments of DNA Coding for a Molecule of RNA, Which…
11 terms
Unit 2: gene expression
a segment of DNA that codes for a part…
process of doing transcription and tra…
production of a protein, coding for a…
example: sugar
Gene
protein synthesis
gene expression
inducer
a segment of DNA that codes for a part…
Gene
process of doing transcription and tra…
protein synthesis
122 terms
Campbell 16, 17, 18
transformation
bacteriophages (phages)
Chargaff's rules
double helix
the change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation…
viruses that infect bacteria
AT CG
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis
transformation
the change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation…
bacteriophages (phages)
viruses that infect bacteria
21 terms
Unit 19 - Molecular Genetics SET #1
amino acids
polypeptide
RNA
transcription
The building blocks of proteins
Protein molecule composed of MANY amino acids
Single-stranded nucleic acid
The process of making RNA from DNA
amino acids
The building blocks of proteins
polypeptide
Protein molecule composed of MANY amino acids
28 terms
cell biology chp 3
molecular structure
6 functions of proteins
primary structure
peptide bonds
primary sequence ->... secondary sequence (local folding) ->... t…
1. regulation... 2. structure (organisms or organelles)... 3. mov…
amino acids
SMALL amino acids form peptide bonds... uses ribosomes machiner…
molecular structure
primary sequence ->... secondary sequence (local folding) ->... t…
6 functions of proteins
1. regulation... 2. structure (organisms or organelles)... 3. mov…
39 terms
Unit 2 ch 6 Integumentary
80S ribosomes
70s ribosomes
keratin
microtubules
eukaryotic protein synthetic organell... Ribosomes in eukaryotic…
protein synthetic organelle in prokaryote
protein in the skin, nails and hair stratified squamous
the protein that sticks cells right next to each other... - made…
80S ribosomes
eukaryotic protein synthetic organell... Ribosomes in eukaryotic…
70s ribosomes
protein synthetic organelle in prokaryote
8 terms
Genomics
Genome
genomics
bioinformatics
proteomics
the entire genetic material of an organism
the study of genomes and interactions among genes and genetic…
using computational methods to study biological function
studying proteins on a genomic scale
Genome
the entire genetic material of an organism
genomics
the study of genomes and interactions among genes and genetic…
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