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Study sets matching "translation"

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Study sets matching "translation"

18 terms
Translation
exon
introns
codon
redundant
any sequence in DNA that ends up in the messenger RNA
any sequence in DNA that is transcribed but spliced out of th…
each amino acid is coded for by a group of 3 nucleotides call…
Most amino acids have more than one codon
exon
any sequence in DNA that ends up in the messenger RNA
introns
any sequence in DNA that is transcribed but spliced out of th…
18 terms
Translation
Sparkled
Shore
Gentle
Seagull
искриться
берег
нежный
чайка
Sparkled
искриться
Shore
берег
27 terms
Translation
She was about to leave the house
I do not appreciate waiting in the cold
He suffers from cancer
We must maintain law and order here
Sie war im Begriff, das Haus zu verlassen
Ich schätze es nicht in der Kälte zu warten
Er leidet an Krebs
Wir müssen hier Recht und Gesetz aufrecht erhalten
She was about to leave the house
Sie war im Begriff, das Haus zu verlassen
I do not appreciate waiting in the cold
Ich schätze es nicht in der Kälte zu warten
22 terms
Translation
My brother trains every Monday and Wed…
My friend and I usually go to the park…
S - ES - IES
goes - do - has
Mi hermano entrena todos los lunes y miércoles.
Mi amigo y yo solemos ir al parque en bici.
NOTA: Solo conjugamos el verbo con la ___/___/____ en tercera…
IRREGULAR VERBS FOR PRESENT SIMPLE... Go - _____... Do - ____... Have…
My brother trains every Monday and Wed…
Mi hermano entrena todos los lunes y miércoles.
My friend and I usually go to the park…
Mi amigo y yo solemos ir al parque en bici.
8 terms
Translation
Translation
Codon
Anticodon
Protein (polypeptide chain)
The process of building a polypeptide chain (protein) from th…
A three base sequence on the mRNA use to code for one amino a…
A three base sequence on the tRNA used to recognize and bind…
A linked chain of amino acids created in the ribosome
Translation
The process of building a polypeptide chain (protein) from th…
Codon
A three base sequence on the mRNA use to code for one amino a…
22 terms
Translation
Translation
Codon
Anticodon
Protein (polypeptide chain)
The process of building a polypeptide chain (protein) from th…
A three base sequence on the mRNA use to code for one amino a…
A three base sequence on the tRNA used to recognize and bind…
A linked chain of amino acids created in the ribosome
Translation
The process of building a polypeptide chain (protein) from th…
Codon
A three base sequence on the mRNA use to code for one amino a…
18 terms
Translation
exon
introns
codon
redundant
any sequence in DNA that ends up in the messenger RNA
any sequence in DNA that is transcribed but spliced out of th…
each amino acid is coded for by a group of 3 nucleotides call…
Most amino acids have more than one codon
exon
any sequence in DNA that ends up in the messenger RNA
introns
any sequence in DNA that is transcribed but spliced out of th…
47 terms
Translation
exon
introns
coding sequence or CDS
5' untranslated region or 5'UTR
any sequence in DNA that ends up in the messenger RNA
any sequence in DNA that is transcribed but spliced out of th…
the part of the messenger RNA sequence that is translated int…
From the beginning of the mRNA to the start codon
exon
any sequence in DNA that ends up in the messenger RNA
introns
any sequence in DNA that is transcribed but spliced out of th…
10 terms
Translation
Angle grinder
Impact wrench
Impact socket
Lathe
Radial
Llave de impacto
Llave de vaso
Torno
Angle grinder
Radial
Impact wrench
Llave de impacto
Translation
Shine delgarno
Kozak
Sequence
Polysomal
AGGAGG, sequence 8bp 5' of start on prok that binds to comple…
CCACCAUGG sequence 5' of start on euk that binds to complemen…
mRNA read 5'=>3', protein synthesized N to C terminal.
Prok can make multiple protein copies from one RNA
Shine delgarno
AGGAGG, sequence 8bp 5' of start on prok that binds to comple…
Kozak
CCACCAUGG sequence 5' of start on euk that binds to complemen…
Translation
Area
Sink
Apparent weight
Depth
Аудан
Бату
Айқын салмағы
Тереңдік
Area
Аудан
Sink
Бату
87 terms
Translation
Archibald Garrod (early 1900s)
alkaptonuria
Beadle and Tatum (1940s)
minimal media
studied alkaptonuria; realized it was an inherited trait/dise…
accumulation of homogentisic acid, missing enzyme in pathway;…
Confirmed Garrod, studied whether one gene controls the produ…
only the absolute necessary components for growth
Archibald Garrod (early 1900s)
studied alkaptonuria; realized it was an inherited trait/dise…
alkaptonuria
accumulation of homogentisic acid, missing enzyme in pathway;…
16 terms
Translation
Translation
Ribosomes
Wobble hypothesis
tRNA
Process by which genetic information in the form of mRNA is t…
Tiny protein factories found in the cytoplasm made up of ribo…
Principle that accounts for redundancy in the genetic code. I…
Molecule which brings the correct amino acids specified by mR…
Translation
Process by which genetic information in the form of mRNA is t…
Ribosomes
Tiny protein factories found in the cytoplasm made up of ribo…
9 terms
Translation
Translation
mRNA
Codon
Nucelotide
The process of protein synthesis... Using mRNA to create amino a…
Messenger RNA... Created to leave the nucleus and go to the ribo…
Set of three nucleotides, for example: UGA
Composed of sugar, phosphate, and nitrogenous base. DNA is ma…
Translation
The process of protein synthesis... Using mRNA to create amino a…
mRNA
Messenger RNA... Created to leave the nucleus and go to the ribo…
15 terms
Translation
on the shelf
grains
made of
increased by 10%
im Regal
das Getreide
gemacht aus
um 10% gestiegen
on the shelf
im Regal
grains
das Getreide
13 terms
Translation
How can 4 bases code for 20 amino acids?
Start Codon
Stop Codons
How are codons interpreted?
3 bases groups means 64 possible amino acids... Codons: 3 bases…
AUG codes for methyenine. (Start amino acid for every peptide)
UAA, UAG, or UGA
tRNA molecules (transfer RNA)... *Each amino acid has its own tR…
How can 4 bases code for 20 amino acids?
3 bases groups means 64 possible amino acids... Codons: 3 bases…
Start Codon
AUG codes for methyenine. (Start amino acid for every peptide)
36 terms
translation
hello
China
good morning
America
你好
中国
早上好
美国
hello
你好
China
中国
35 terms
Translation
Why does mRNA transcription occur 5' t…
translation
UTR (untranslated region)
Start codon
this speeds up the process of protein expression, because tra…
process of making polypeptides from mRNA
refers to either of two sections, one on each side of a codin…
AUG sequence on an mRNA that signals the start of the transla…
Why does mRNA transcription occur 5' t…
this speeds up the process of protein expression, because tra…
translation
process of making polypeptides from mRNA
15 terms
Translation
Genetic code
Codon
Anticodon
mRNA
table of DNA or RNA codons and their corresponding amino acids
3 bases corresponding to a single amino acid
3 base segment of tRNA that base pairs with a mRNA codon
RNA copy of DNA information that encodes the amino acid seque…
Genetic code
table of DNA or RNA codons and their corresponding amino acids
Codon
3 bases corresponding to a single amino acid
59 terms
Translation
What are the 3 stop codons for transla…
what direction do codons and anticodon…
Compare genetic code and mitochondrial…
Requirement of Transation in mRNA
- UAA (you are awful)... - UAG (you are gross)... - UGA (you go awa…
- mRNA is always 5' to 3'... - codon is on mRNA, so codon is als…
Genetic code... - 3 stop codons (UAA, UAG, UGA)... - 1 start codon…
-genetic code... -5'-capping... -poly-a-tail... -no post transcription…
What are the 3 stop codons for transla…
- UAA (you are awful)... - UAG (you are gross)... - UGA (you go awa…
what direction do codons and anticodon…
- mRNA is always 5' to 3'... - codon is on mRNA, so codon is als…
59 terms
Translation
What are the 3 stop codons for transla…
what direction do codons and anticodon…
Compare genetic code and mitochondrial…
Requirement of Transation in mRNA
- UAA (you are awful)... - UAG (you are gross)... - UGA (you go awa…
- mRNA is always 5' to 3'... - codon is on mRNA, so codon is als…
Genetic code... - 3 stop codons (UAA, UAG, UGA)... - 1 start codon…
-genetic code... -5'-capping... -poly-a-tail... -no post transcription…
What are the 3 stop codons for transla…
- UAA (you are awful)... - UAG (you are gross)... - UGA (you go awa…
what direction do codons and anticodon…
- mRNA is always 5' to 3'... - codon is on mRNA, so codon is als…
9 terms
Translation
amino acids
codon
anticodon
tRNA
the "building blocks" of proteins. There are 20 different one…
a set of 3 nucleotides on mRNA. It codes for a particular ami…
a set of 3 nucleotides on tRNA. It enables a tRNA to land on…
a piece of RNA that "carries" or transfers a particular amino…
amino acids
the "building blocks" of proteins. There are 20 different one…
codon
a set of 3 nucleotides on mRNA. It codes for a particular ami…
52 terms
Translation
To find out codon and specific amino a…
Amino acid attached to tRNA?
mRNA 5-------3'
Specificity of tRNA binding to mRNA co…
Always flip it ... 3'TACCAA----ACT5'... then base pair the mRNA
3' of the acceptor stem
Peptide N-------C respectively
The specific codon/anticodon interaction. Amino acid is not d…
To find out codon and specific amino a…
Always flip it ... 3'TACCAA----ACT5'... then base pair the mRNA
Amino acid attached to tRNA?
3' of the acceptor stem
5 terms
Translation
Initiation
Start signal for translation
EPA sites ribosomes
Elongation
in pros, the mRNA leaves the DNA transcription site and is tr…
small unit of the ribosome places the start codon (AUG) in co…
tRNAs bring AAs to the ribosome, using anticodon, they assemb…
Initiation
in pros, the mRNA leaves the DNA transcription site and is tr…
Start signal for translation
small unit of the ribosome places the start codon (AUG) in co…
12 terms
translation
grammar
uncounscious
knowledge
Chocolate
grammaire
inconscient
connaissance
Chocolat
grammar
grammaire
uncounscious
inconscient
10 terms
translation
translation
understand that each tRNA molecule is…
structure of tRNA
outline the structure of ribosomes inc…
syntheiss of polypeptides from MRNA in ribosomes
...
has double stranded sections due to base pairing via hydrogen…
made up of:... protein... ribosmal RNA (rRNA)... three sites tRNA can…
translation
syntheiss of polypeptides from MRNA in ribosomes
understand that each tRNA molecule is…
...
11 terms
translation
french
loin
bureau
matin
english
far
desk
morning
french
english
loin
far
10 terms
Translation
such as
retail
retailer
outlet
so wie
der Einzelhandel
der Einzelhändler
Verkaufsstelle
such as
so wie
retail
der Einzelhandel
50 terms
translation
se départir de
dans un déluge de sanglots
à tout bout de champ
dénicher
sell off
in a flood of tears
time and time again
unearth... eject
se départir de
sell off
dans un déluge de sanglots
in a flood of tears
31 terms
Translation
tRNA
tRNA Structure
Steps in charging tRNA
Pyrophosphate
-mediate translation... -contains modified bases... -carry particul…
Levels (folds if nothing keeps it linear)... -primary: nucleotid…
1) Amino acid and ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate) enter the act…
a phosphorus oxyanion
tRNA
-mediate translation... -contains modified bases... -carry particul…
tRNA Structure
Levels (folds if nothing keeps it linear)... -primary: nucleotid…
26 terms
TRANSLATION
Archery
Athletics
Badminton
Basketball
Tíro con arco
Atletismo
Bádminton
Baloncesto
Archery
Tíro con arco
Athletics
Atletismo
8 terms
Translation
Translation of mRNA
Ribosomes
tRNA
Codons
*By Ribosomes and tRNA... *Prokaryote: Transcription/Translation…
"Chef"... Read mRNA (Carrying genetic info as codons) ... Form cova…
"Chef Assistant" : Proofreads "recipe"... Cloverleaf structure... *…
Start: Where to Start... Stop: Where to Stop
Translation of mRNA
*By Ribosomes and tRNA... *Prokaryote: Transcription/Translation…
Ribosomes
"Chef"... Read mRNA (Carrying genetic info as codons) ... Form cova…
26 terms
Translation
features of large ribosomal subunit
requirements of translation initiation
features of initiator tRNA
features of small ribosomal subunit
1. once initiator tRNA binds and eIFs dissociate, large subun…
1. small and large ribosomal subunits... 2. initiator tRNA... 3. in…
1. a specific charged tRNA... 2. ONLY used at the start met codo…
1. loaded with initiator tRNA-met... 2. loaded with GTP... 3. loade…
features of large ribosomal subunit
1. once initiator tRNA binds and eIFs dissociate, large subun…
requirements of translation initiation
1. small and large ribosomal subunits... 2. initiator tRNA... 3. in…
Translation
Colinearity
ORF
3 major components of translation
mRNA in translation
-discovered by Tanovsky... 1. linear DNA sequence of a gene corr…
-part of reading frame that can encode for a protein... -6 ways…
-mRNA = this carries the code for synthesizing the protein.... -…
- The mRNA carries the code that is read by the translational…
Colinearity
-discovered by Tanovsky... 1. linear DNA sequence of a gene corr…
ORF
-part of reading frame that can encode for a protein... -6 ways…
353 terms
translation
question
answer
easy
difficult
въпрос
отговор, отговарям
лесен
труден
question
въпрос
answer
отговор, отговарям
13 terms
Translation
tRNA molecule
translation
Start codon
Stop codons
a type of RNA molecule that helps decode a messenger RNA (mRN…
the process by which a sequence of bases of an mRNA are conve…
AUG (methionine)
UAA, UAG, and UGA
tRNA molecule
a type of RNA molecule that helps decode a messenger RNA (mRN…
translation
the process by which a sequence of bases of an mRNA are conve…
28 terms
translation
replication
transcription
translation
tRNA
synthesis of DNA
synthesis of an RNA copy of a part of DNA
synthesis of a polypeptide directed by the RNA sequence
adaptors that translate the 3 codon in the mRNA into the corr…
replication
synthesis of DNA
transcription
synthesis of an RNA copy of a part of DNA
13 terms
translation
請問你找誰?
你的電話是幾號?
我的電話是302-346-3928。
我來了.
...
...
...
...
請問你找誰?
...
你的電話是幾號?
...
11 terms
Translation
seit 10 Jahren
vor 10 Jahren
seit 1989
(im Jahre) 1989
for the last 10 years
10 years ago
since 1989
in 1989
seit 10 Jahren
for the last 10 years
vor 10 Jahren
10 years ago
161 terms
Translation
adult readership
to ensue
council estate
housing scheme
Buch für Erwachsene
etwas sich ergeben
Rat
Siedlungsgebiet
adult readership
Buch für Erwachsene
to ensue
etwas sich ergeben
35 terms
Translation
Translation
stop codons
codon for methionine
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
(aka protein synthesis) is the mechanism by which the nucleot…
UAA, UGA and UAG.
AUG. know the codon for methionine, which is AUG. Methionine…
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is the template for protein synthesis.... -…
Translation
(aka protein synthesis) is the mechanism by which the nucleot…
stop codons
UAA, UGA and UAG.
13 terms
Translation
Anticodon
Codon
Purpose of Translation
Cytoplasm
The complementary base pairs on the tRNA that pairs with a co…
Three nucleotides on the mRNA
Converting mRNA into protein
Location of translation and that contains free ribosomes
Anticodon
The complementary base pairs on the tRNA that pairs with a co…
Codon
Three nucleotides on the mRNA
Translation
an account book
accountacy (U)
to acknowledge
the actual price
un livre de comptes; un registre de comptabilité, un journal
la comptabilité
reconnaître, accuser réception
le prix réel
an account book
un livre de comptes; un registre de comptabilité, un journal
accountacy (U)
la comptabilité
8 terms
Translation
Translation
Initiation
Acceptor site
Peptide site
- the reading of mRNA transcript and the creation of the poly…
the small subunit recognizes the 5' cap on the mRNA transcrip…
where new amino acids enter the ribosome
where the polypeptide chain grows as the amino acids are comb…
Translation
- the reading of mRNA transcript and the creation of the poly…
Initiation
the small subunit recognizes the 5' cap on the mRNA transcrip…
30 terms
Translation
aprender de memoria
contestar
dar un discurso
discutir
to memorize
to answer
to give a speech
to discuss
aprender de memoria
to memorize
contestar
to answer
29 terms
Translation
course credit
instructor
interpret
syllabus
a unit that represents a successfully finished part of an edu…
a teacher of a college or university subject, who usually tea…
to change what someone is saying into another language
(a plan showing) the subjects or books to be studied in a par…
course credit
a unit that represents a successfully finished part of an edu…
instructor
a teacher of a college or university subject, who usually tea…
10 terms
TRANSLATION
Wczoraj przeszedł na emeryturę
Skończyły mi się pieniądze
Będę oszczędzać na następne wakacje
Radzę sobie z pracowaniem pod presją
He RETIRed yesterday.
I've RUN OUT OF money
I'll PUT BY for the next holiday
I can deal with working UNDER PRESSURE
Wczoraj przeszedł na emeryturę
He RETIRed yesterday.
Skończyły mi się pieniądze
I've RUN OUT OF money
33 terms
Translation
security zone
permission
work permit
briefing
охранная зона
разрешение
наряд-допуска
инструктаж
security zone
охранная зона
permission
разрешение
10 terms
Translation
Genetic Code
Amino Acids
RNA
Translation
Triplet Reading Frame... AUG: Methionine (start codon)... UAA, UAG,…
Peptide bond: carboxyl to amino... Dipolar Ion/ Zwitterion... -net…
1) mRNA arrives in cytoplasm... 2) small subunit binds upstream…
Genetic Code
Triplet Reading Frame... AUG: Methionine (start codon)... UAA, UAG,…
Amino Acids
Peptide bond: carboxyl to amino... Dipolar Ion/ Zwitterion... -net…
9 terms
Translation
Describe why it makes sense that three…
Define, in the context of the DNA code…
Describe the structure of tRNA: where…
Explain what is meant by wobble positi…
Three letter codons can code 64 different combinations, which…
Degenerate: most amino acids are encoded by more than one cod…
Several codons correspond to a single amino acid via wobble i…
Several codons correspond to a single amino acid via wobble i…
Describe why it makes sense that three…
Three letter codons can code 64 different combinations, which…
Define, in the context of the DNA code…
Degenerate: most amino acids are encoded by more than one cod…
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