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Study sets matching "tree tax"

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Study sets matching "tree tax"

57 terms
Plant Tax- Tree Identification
Acer Saccarum
Acer Saccarinum
Acer Rubrum
Acer negundo
Sugar Maple
Silver Maple
Red Maple
Box Elder
Acer Saccarum
Sugar Maple
Acer Saccarinum
Silver Maple
56 terms
Plant Tax- Tree Identification
Acer Saccarum
Acer Saccarinum
Acer Rubrum
Acer negundo
Sugar Maple
Silver Maple
Red Maple
Box Elder
Acer Saccarum
Sugar Maple
Acer Saccarinum
Silver Maple
37 terms
Phylogenetic Tree questions Tax
monophyletic
paraphyletic
polyphyletic
derived trait
___ group contains the most recent common ancestor of the gro…
___ group contains the most recent common ancestor of a group…
___ group does not include the most recent common ancestor of…
humans and tigers share the characteristic of hair, which is…
monophyletic
___ group contains the most recent common ancestor of the gro…
paraphyletic
___ group contains the most recent common ancestor of a group…
21 terms
Plant Tax: Phylogenetic Tree Analyses Approaches and Terminology
What's an in group?
What's an out group?
What's an internode?
What's a clade (lineage)?
The group being studied
This is the group used to base the tree
The area between two nodes where it branches out into other s…
A number of species/roots coming from a single point on the t…
What's an in group?
The group being studied
What's an out group?
This is the group used to base the tree
167 terms
Plant Tax Lecture Final
systematics
taxonomy
flora
species
Major branch of biology concerned with diversity and its magn…
• Subset of systematics... • Taxonomists create classifications…
Species that occur in a given area or a book that holds an in…
• fundamental unit of diversity... • fundamental unit of conserv…
systematics
Major branch of biology concerned with diversity and its magn…
taxonomy
• Subset of systematics... • Taxonomists create classifications…
75 terms
Lab Terminology Exam- Plant Tax
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Herbaceous Habit
comes up and blooms once, herbaceous stem, fibrous root
Roots the first year, flowers the second year
Blooms year after year; tap root, bulb
Soft tissue, primary xylem, fibrous root
Annual
comes up and blooms once, herbaceous stem, fibrous root
Biennial
Roots the first year, flowers the second year
7 terms
Plant Tax Angiosperms 3
Family: Magnoliaceae... Genus: Magnolia,…
Family: Magnoliaceae... Genus: Magnolia... C…
Family: Magnoliaceae... Genus: Liridendro…
Family: Iridaceae... Genus: Iris
Magnolia Family
Iris Family
Family: Magnoliaceae... Genus: Magnolia,…
Magnolia Family
Family: Magnoliaceae... Genus: Magnolia... C…
35 terms
Plant Tax Exam 3
Rosales
Hypanthium
Urticaceae (nettle Family)
Rosaceae (rose family)
Reduced endosperm ... Obvious hypanthium ... Anthraquinones ... Craspe…
Disk made up of fused in which the stamens and petals arise
Order: Rosales ... Reproduction: ... -monoecious or dioecious ... -imp…
Order: Rosales ... Reproduction:... -Perfect flowers ... -many or soli…
Rosales
Reduced endosperm ... Obvious hypanthium ... Anthraquinones ... Craspe…
Hypanthium
Disk made up of fused in which the stamens and petals arise
23 terms
Plant tax 2nd week
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Sequoia sempervirens
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Juniperus
Dawn redwood
coastal redwood
Giant Sequoia
Juniper
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Dawn redwood
Sequoia sempervirens
coastal redwood
28 terms
Plant tax exam 3
Poaceae
Magnoliaceae
Piperaceae
Aristolochiaceae
Culms - round, hollow, with nodes. ... Leaves two ranked and she…
Whorls are spirally arranged... Elongated recepracle... Trees and s…
Fleshy Spadix... Absent perianth, still have bract... Fruit is a dr…
Fly pollinated... Calyx connate with 3 lobes, tubular, and curved
Poaceae
Culms - round, hollow, with nodes. ... Leaves two ranked and she…
Magnoliaceae
Whorls are spirally arranged... Elongated recepracle... Trees and s…
11 terms
PLANT TAX WEEK 7
Fragaria... Strawberry... Rosaceae
Rosa... Rose... Rosaceae
Rubus... Raspberry... Rosaceae
Spiraea... Spiraea... Rosaceae
Hypanthium not adnate to ovary wall inconspicuous ... trifoliola…
Hypanthium not adnate to ovary wall... Carpels >10 attached to r…
Woody/prickly... shrubs to brambles... leaf palmate or pinnate simp…
Hypanthium no adnation to ovary wall... 5 carpels ... Hypanthium ge…
Fragaria... Strawberry... Rosaceae
Hypanthium not adnate to ovary wall inconspicuous ... trifoliola…
Rosa... Rose... Rosaceae
Hypanthium not adnate to ovary wall... Carpels >10 attached to r…
23 terms
Tax CH4
accounting income
accounting method
accrual method
alimony and separate maintenance payme…
The accountant's concept of income is generally based upon th…
The method under which income and expenses are determined for…
A method of accounting that reflects expenses incurred and in…
Alimony deductions result from the payment of a legal obligat…
accounting income
The accountant's concept of income is generally based upon th…
accounting method
The method under which income and expenses are determined for…
9 terms
PLANT TAX WEEK 5
Arbutus menziesii... Pacific madrone... Eri…
Acrtostaphylos... Manzanita ... Ericaceae
Gaultheria ... Salal... Ericaceae
Rhododendron... Rhododendron... Ericaceae
tree or shrub... Alternate leaf arrangement... urceolate corolla... su…
Shrub, isofacial leafs... urceolate corolla ... superior ovary/acti…
Shrub... Urceolate corolla ... superior ovary/actinomorphic... ecologi…
Shrub... Cup or bell shaped corolla ... superior ovary/slightly zyg…
Arbutus menziesii... Pacific madrone... Eri…
tree or shrub... Alternate leaf arrangement... urceolate corolla... su…
Acrtostaphylos... Manzanita ... Ericaceae
Shrub, isofacial leafs... urceolate corolla ... superior ovary/acti…
39 terms
Plant Tax Midterm
species name=
taxon
taxonomy consists of two things
classification
genus name + specific epithet
"any group regardless of rank" ... 1 species= 1 taxon... 2 species=…
classifications and floras
delimitation and ranking of taxa;... system of nested groups res…
species name=
genus name + specific epithet
taxon
"any group regardless of rank" ... 1 species= 1 taxon... 2 species=…
28 terms
Plant tax plant families
Boraginaceae
Cactaceae
Typhaceae
Onagraceae
Borage-... hairy stem... flowers in parts of 5... alternate leaves
Cactus-... succulent desert plant... numerous flower parts... spines…
Cattail-... aquatic ... leaves thick and straplike
Evening Primrose-... bloom at night/evening... flowers in parts of…
Boraginaceae
Borage-... hairy stem... flowers in parts of 5... alternate leaves
Cactaceae
Cactus-... succulent desert plant... numerous flower parts... spines…
23 terms
Tax - Chapter 4
Accounting Income
Accounting Method
Accrual Method
Alimony and Separate Maintenance Payme…
The accountant's concept of income is generally based upon th…
The method under which income and expenses are determined for…
A method of accounting that reflects expenses incurred and in…
Alimony deductions result from the payment of a legal obligat…
Accounting Income
The accountant's concept of income is generally based upon th…
Accounting Method
The method under which income and expenses are determined for…
9 terms
PLANT TAX WEEK 10
Conium ... Celery... Umbelliferae
Daucus... Carrot... Umbelliferae
Ceanothus... California lilac... Rhamanaceae
Dicentra... Bleeding heart... Papaveraceae
Pinnately compound leaves... Herbaceous... compound umbel... Absent se…
Pinnately compund leaves... Prickled barb vegetation... bracts unde…
Decidous, alternate leaves... Furry leaves... stipules present on e…
herbaceous... leaves very lobed/milky latex... nectar reward... raceme…
Conium ... Celery... Umbelliferae
Pinnately compound leaves... Herbaceous... compound umbel... Absent se…
Daucus... Carrot... Umbelliferae
Pinnately compund leaves... Prickled barb vegetation... bracts unde…
13 terms
PLANT TAX WEEK 9
Magnolia... magnolia... Magnoliaceae
Liriodendron tulipifera ... Tulip tree... M…
Aquilegia... Columbine... Ranunculaceae
Delphinium... Larkspur... Ranunculaceae
Woody tree/shrub... simple alternate leafs... oblanceolate to obova…
Woody tree/shrub... simple alternate leafs... Unique leaf shape... win…
Herbacious... deepley lobed to 1X pinate comp... 5 tubular petals =…
-Herbaceous... deepley lobed to 1X pinnate comp... 2 nectar secreti…
Magnolia... magnolia... Magnoliaceae
Woody tree/shrub... simple alternate leafs... oblanceolate to obova…
Liriodendron tulipifera ... Tulip tree... M…
Woody tree/shrub... simple alternate leafs... Unique leaf shape... win…
23 terms
Tax Chapter 4
Accounting income
Accounting method
Accrual method
Alimony and separate maintenance payme…
...
...
...
...
Accounting income
...
Accounting method
...
30 terms
PLANT TAX CONIFERS
Abies concolor... White Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Abies grandis... Grand Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Cedrus atlantica ... Atlas Cedar... Pinacea…
Cedrus deodara... Deodora Cedar... Pinaceae…
Same length needles ... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leaves dis…
Needles different length... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leave…
Evergreen leaves in clusters around branch 10+... silver green,…
Evergreen needles in clusters of 10+ ... Needles green/ soft... Usu…
Abies concolor... White Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Same length needles ... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leaves dis…
Abies grandis... Grand Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Needles different length... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leave…
35 terms
Plant Tax
Polygonaceae
Polygonum
Eriogonum
Myrtaceae
F. Annuals to woody perennials, leaves simple and alternative…
Part of Polygonaceae... stem nodes swollen, ochrea present, flow…
Part of Polygonaceae... stem nodes not swollen and ochrea absent…
F. Inferior ovary, perianth inconspicuous, filaments very sho…
Polygonaceae
F. Annuals to woody perennials, leaves simple and alternative…
Polygonum
Part of Polygonaceae... stem nodes swollen, ochrea present, flow…
68 terms
Plant Tax angiosperm terms Part 1 (complete)
a plant that survives only one growing…
a plant that survives two growing seas…
a plant that survives more than two se…
having no apparent stem above ground
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Acaulescent
a plant that survives only one growing…
Annual
a plant that survives two growing seas…
Biennial
50 terms
chapter 4 tax
Gross income
Taxability of income follows the reali…
is mere appreciation in wealth (econom…
income from "in-kind" receipts is equa…
income from whatever source derived unless it is specifically…
income is taxed when it is realized.
no.
the FMV of the property or services.
Gross income
income from whatever source derived unless it is specifically…
Taxability of income follows the reali…
income is taxed when it is realized.
154 terms
plant tax
Vascular cambium
periderm
secondary plant body
Tracheary elements
A cylinder of meristematic tissue in woody plants that adds l…
The protective coat that replaces the epidermis in plants dur…
The tissues produced by the vascular cambium and cork cambium…
Conductive cells in xylem, have distinctive, lignified wall t…
Vascular cambium
A cylinder of meristematic tissue in woody plants that adds l…
periderm
The protective coat that replaces the epidermis in plants dur…
450 terms
BOT 350 (plant tax) Lab Compilation_yr
Calochortus
Erythronium
Lillium
Trillium
-whorled leaves... -reflexed tepals... -3 lobed stigma... -inflorescen…
-no sepals... -3 leaves on the entire plant (trifoliate)
Calochortus
Erythronium
7 terms
tax ch 4
income
principal income exclusions that apply…
gross income
taxable income is derived from
includes all of the taxpayer's income, both taxable and nonta…
e.g., life insurance proceeds received by reason of death of…
all income from whatever source derived.
subtracting deductions from gross income
income
includes all of the taxpayer's income, both taxable and nonta…
principal income exclusions that apply…
e.g., life insurance proceeds received by reason of death of…
45 terms
Plant Tax Families
Pinaceae
Euphorbiaceae
Magnoliaceae
Ranunculaceae
Mostly evergreen trees... Ovulate cones woody and elongate... Eco…
Mostly herbaceous in our region... Leaves succulent... Commonly w/…
Trees w/alt leaves... stipule scars encircling the twig... Flower…
Mostly herbaceous... Leaves often in basal rosette w/ cauline…
Pinaceae
Mostly evergreen trees... Ovulate cones woody and elongate... Eco…
Euphorbiaceae
Mostly herbaceous in our region... Leaves succulent... Commonly w/…
11 terms
PLANT TAX WEEK 5
Arbutus menziesii... Pacific madrone... Eri…
Acrtostaphylos... Manzanita ... Ericaceae
Gaultheria ... Salal... Ericaceae
Rhododendron... Rhododendron... Ericaceae
tree or shrub... Alternate leaf arrangement... urceolate corolla... su…
Shrub, isofacial leafs... urceolate corolla ... superior ovary/acti…
Shrub... Urceolate corolla ... superior ovary/actinomorphic... ecologi…
Shrub... Cup or bell shaped corolla ... superior ovary/slightly zyg…
Arbutus menziesii... Pacific madrone... Eri…
tree or shrub... Alternate leaf arrangement... urceolate corolla... su…
Acrtostaphylos... Manzanita ... Ericaceae
Shrub, isofacial leafs... urceolate corolla ... superior ovary/acti…
20 terms
Plant tax week 5
Ericaceae
Arctostaphylos
Arctostaphylos
Arbutus
Heath and Heather family
Manzanita genus
Ericaceae genus with erect, isofacial leaf blades. Habit:shru…
Madrone genus
Ericaceae
Heath and Heather family
Arctostaphylos
Manzanita genus
248 terms
BOT 350 (Plant Tax) : Spring 2015 Compilation
Ericaceae
Ericaceae
Ericaceae
Ericaceae, Arbutus menziesii
Heath/Heather Family
Vaccinium, Rhododendron, Gaultheria, Arbutus menziesii, Arcto…
*, 5, 5), 10,_5_)... Perennial, shrub, tree... Lvs -> simple, gen c…
Ericaceae
Heath/Heather Family
Ericaceae
Vaccinium, Rhododendron, Gaultheria, Arbutus menziesii, Arcto…
139 terms
PLANT TAX ALL SPECIES
Apiaceae: Hydrocotyle spp.
Aquifoliaceae: Ilex opaca
Aquifoliaceae: Ilex vomitoria
Arecaceae: Sabal palmetto
Little plant with peltate leaves that are round
Holly ... Medium or large tree... sharp spine-tipped teeth ... Drupe…
Holly... shrub... Common in maritime forests, also found, but rare…
Tree to 10 m tall, with persistent petiole bases. Leaves to 1…
Apiaceae: Hydrocotyle spp.
Little plant with peltate leaves that are round
Aquifoliaceae: Ilex opaca
Holly ... Medium or large tree... sharp spine-tipped teeth ... Drupe…
35 terms
Plant tax practical II
Amaranthaceae
Cactaceae
Salicaceae
Euphorbiaceae
Opposite, simple leaves... Tiny flowers, papery beads... Quinoa, ch…
Spiny stem succulents... Spines aggregated at areoles
Inflorescense a catkin... Salicylic acid
Milky latex sap... Cyathium --> pseudoflower... Rubber, tapioca, ri…
Amaranthaceae
Opposite, simple leaves... Tiny flowers, papery beads... Quinoa, ch…
Cactaceae
Spiny stem succulents... Spines aggregated at areoles
92 terms
Plant tax LP1 terms
Petiolar Spines
Spur shoots
Catkins
Stellate
petioles as spines after leaf falls off
slow-growing, reduced shoot
Spike-like inflorescence
Pubescent hairs on pith
Petiolar Spines
petioles as spines after leaf falls off
Spur shoots
slow-growing, reduced shoot
37 terms
Ornithology Week 3 Tax
Rock Pigeon... Columbiformes - Columbidae
Mourning Dove... Columbiformes - Columbi…
Yellow-billed Cuckoo... Cuculiformes - C…
Barn Owl... Strigiformes - Tytonidae
*white blotches on tail
Rock Pigeon... Columbiformes - Columbidae
Mourning Dove... Columbiformes - Columbi…
14 terms
Miscellaneous APA Tax Things
30%
Christmas Tree
IDC
$20/BOE per year
Integrated companies that elect to expense IDC must *capita…
A producing well is considered completed by the IRS once this…
Costs to design, construct and install *offshore drilling pla…
Threshhold for percentage depletion to determine marginal d…
30%
Integrated companies that elect to expense IDC must *capita…
Christmas Tree
A producing well is considered completed by the IRS once this…
29 terms
Plant tax week 11
Ceanothus
Cerastes
Aizoaceae
Lithops
Genus of Rhamnaceae with scooped petals, "California Lilac" (…
Subgenus of Ceanothus with mottling on leaves and pinnate ven…
Family of succulents/stone plants. Leaf succulents - includes…
Genus of ice plants (the ones that look like butts)
Ceanothus
Genus of Rhamnaceae with scooped petals, "California Lilac" (…
Cerastes
Subgenus of Ceanothus with mottling on leaves and pinnate ven…
21 terms
Tax Law Exam 2
Recovery of capital doctrine
Income
Fiscal year
Installment method
Supreme court has help that there is no income subject to tax…
An increase in wealth recognized for tax purposes only until…
Period of 12 months ending on the last day of the month other…
A taxpayer may choose to spread the gain from an installment…
Recovery of capital doctrine
Supreme court has help that there is no income subject to tax…
Income
An increase in wealth recognized for tax purposes only until…
38 terms
tax ch4 important items
income (broadly defined)
exclusions
gross income
deductions
contains all income both taxable and non taxable ... does not i…
life insurance proceeds ... state and local bond interest
includes: ... compensation for services... business income... gains on…
all ordinary and necessary trade/business expenses
income (broadly defined)
contains all income both taxable and non taxable ... does not i…
exclusions
life insurance proceeds ... state and local bond interest
30 terms
PLANT TAX CONIFERS
Abies concolor... White Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Abies grandis... Grand Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Cedrus atlantica ... Atlas Cedar... Pinacea…
Cedrus deodara... Deodora Cedar... Pinaceae…
Same length needles ... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leaves dis…
Needles different length... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leave…
Evergreen leaves in clusters around branch 10+... silver green,…
Evergreen needles in clusters of 10+ ... Needles green/ soft... Usu…
Abies concolor... White Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Same length needles ... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leaves dis…
Abies grandis... Grand Fir... Pinaceae/Abies
Needles different length... Twisted at base... not decurrent/leave…
68 terms
Plant Tax angiosperm terms Part 1 (complete)
a plant that survives only one growing…
a plant that survives two growing seas…
a plant that survives more than two se…
having no apparent stem above ground
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Acaulescent
a plant that survives only one growing…
Annual
a plant that survives two growing seas…
Biennial
34 terms
ch 4 tax
deductions and exclusions have the same
tax credit
exclusions
deductions are
tax relief or savings; and benefit the higher tax bracket
dollar for dollar reduction from tax
income that is not taxed
exps that are ducted
deductions and exclusions have the same
tax relief or savings; and benefit the higher tax bracket
tax credit
dollar for dollar reduction from tax
22 terms
Tax ch 4 vocab
Gross income
Recovery of capital doctrine
Income
Economic income
Except as otherwise provided in the subtitle means income fro…
Sellers can reduce their gross receipts by the adjusted basis…
accounting income
Determine fair market value of net assets at bet and end of y…
Gross income
Except as otherwise provided in the subtitle means income fro…
Recovery of capital doctrine
Sellers can reduce their gross receipts by the adjusted basis…
41 terms
Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of life
Genus epithet
taxon
phylogenetic tree
phylogenetic tree
Binomial Nomenclature
each level of hierarchy
branch point, sister tax (mostly commonly related), common an…
representation of evolutionary history of a group using a bra…
Genus epithet
Binomial Nomenclature
taxon
each level of hierarchy
24 terms
1.B Phylogenetic Trees
phylogeny
systematics
analogy
homoplasies
Evolutionary history of a species or group of species.
Analytical approach to understanding the diversity and relati…
A similarity due to convergent evolution.
Analogous structures that have evolved independently.
phylogeny
Evolutionary history of a species or group of species.
systematics
Analytical approach to understanding the diversity and relati…
50 terms
Tax Chapter 4
Basic Income Tax Formula
Gross Income
"except as otherwise"
Deductions
Income less exclusions is equal to gross income less deductio…
except as otherwise provided in this subtitle all income from…
refers to exclusions
generally all ordinary and necessary trade or business expens…
Basic Income Tax Formula
Income less exclusions is equal to gross income less deductio…
Gross Income
except as otherwise provided in this subtitle all income from…
10 terms
PLURALS: If the word ends in x, x, ch, sh, or z, add -es to make it plural
brushes
boxes
buses
inches
(a tool to comb your hair)
more than one box
Buses
unit of measure
brushes
(a tool to comb your hair)
boxes
more than one box
45 terms
Tax ch 4
Income
Recovery of capital doctrine
Realization
Economic concept of income
An increase in wealth realized by a taxpayer
No income subject to tax until the taxpayer has recovered the…
Occurs when the taxpayer has a transaction with another entit…
Would focus on FMV... Would make compliance more burdensome
Income
An increase in wealth realized by a taxpayer
Recovery of capital doctrine
No income subject to tax until the taxpayer has recovered the…
48 terms
Plant Tax Lecture Final
Lamiaceae
Cornaceae
Solanaceae
Scrophulariaceae
1. bilabiate flowers... 2. ethereal oil ... 3. 4-sided stems ... 4. st…
1. showy bracts... 2. inferior ovary... 3. stamens attached to epig…
1. poisonous -- alkaloids... 2. sepals persist with fruit... 3. 5 s…
1. sympetalous... 2. nectary sac/spur
Lamiaceae
1. bilabiate flowers... 2. ethereal oil ... 3. 4-sided stems ... 4. st…
Cornaceae
1. showy bracts... 2. inferior ovary... 3. stamens attached to epig…
61 terms
Tax Chapter 4
Components of the Tax Formula (5)
Income
Exclusions
Gross Income
income... exclusions... gross income... deductions... determining the tax
includes all of the taxpayer's income, both taxable and nonta…
Congress has chose to exclude certain types of income from th…
all income from whatever source derived ... all sources of inco…
Components of the Tax Formula (5)
income... exclusions... gross income... deductions... determining the tax
Income
includes all of the taxpayer's income, both taxable and nonta…
15 terms
Grade 7: Wordly Wise Lesson 5
adequate
administer
agitate
capitulate
having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task
supervise or be in charge of
move or cause to move back and forth or angry
surrender under agreed conditions
adequate
having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task
administer
supervise or be in charge of
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