Study sets matching "tundra biome"

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Study sets matching "tundra biome"

39 terms
tundra biome
the _____of all biomes
what word does tundra come from
what is the tunes most noted for
what does dead organic material functi…
coldest
tunturia
frost-molded landscapes, extremely low temperatures, little p…
nutrient pool
the _____of all biomes
coldest
what word does tundra come from
tunturia
35 terms
Tundra Biome
What are two different types of tundra…
This tundra biome is found near the no…
This tundra biome is found on mountain…
True or False... Both types of tundra are…
1. Artic/Polar tundra... 2. Alpine tundra
Artic/Polar tundra
Alpine tundra
True
What are two different types of tundra…
1. Artic/Polar tundra... 2. Alpine tundra
This tundra biome is found near the no…
Artic/Polar tundra
Tundra Biome
arctic, and alpine
above the tree line, mountain tops
one fifth, 1/5
less than 10 inches
what are the 2 types of Tundra Biome
where is the Alpine Tundra located
how much of the earths surface is covered by the Tundra Biome
the amount of precipitation the the Tundra receives
arctic, and alpine
what are the 2 types of Tundra Biome
above the tree line, mountain tops
where is the Alpine Tundra located
12 terms
Tundra biome
Average yearly temperature range
Average yearly Precipitation
soil
Vegetation
-26 degrees celcius to 12 degrees celsius
<25 cm
moist, thin topsoil over permafrost; low in nutrients; slight…
mosses, lichen, grasses, and dwarf woody plants
Average yearly temperature range
-26 degrees celcius to 12 degrees celsius
Average yearly Precipitation
<25 cm
Tundra Biome
Biome
Tundra
Arctic
Animals of arctic
A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occu…
Coldest biome, low diversity, limited drainage, short season…
Northern hemisphere, cold desert-like conditions, permafrost…
Caribou, arctic hares, wolves, polar bears, codfish, salmon
Biome
A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occu…
Tundra
Coldest biome, low diversity, limited drainage, short season…
Tundra Biome
Climate TU
Soil TU
Plant adpation TU
Animal adaption TU
Extreme cold, rain during summer and fall
Permafrost
Moses and lichens grow without soil, shallow roots
Estivate and migrate
Climate TU
Extreme cold, rain during summer and fall
Soil TU
Permafrost
10 terms
Biome- Tundra
Tundras
The tundra is located in
There _____ ______ Tundras in Californ…
Tundras __________ have trees.
are located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the north…
Alaska, Northern Canada, Edges of Greenland, Scandinavia, Nor…
are not
don't
Tundras
are located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the north…
The tundra is located in
Alaska, Northern Canada, Edges of Greenland, Scandinavia, Nor…
Tundra Biome
Arctic Tundra
Animals of Arctic Tundra
Alpine Tundra
Tundra on Tropical Mountains
-location of treeline corresponds to permafrost, lower layers…
-food webs based on grazing mice, lemmings and voles... -active…
-starts at 3500m elevation... -permafrost and saturated soils no…
-arctic tundra experiences one very long winter each year... -tr…
Arctic Tundra
-location of treeline corresponds to permafrost, lower layers…
Animals of Arctic Tundra
-food webs based on grazing mice, lemmings and voles... -active…
9 terms
Tundra Biome
The Tundra Biome Main Definition
Main Characteristics of the Tundra Biome
Arctic Tundra Main Defintion
Plants and Vegetation of the arctic an…
Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. Tundra comes from th…
1. Extremely cold climate... 2. Low biotic diversity... 3. Simple v…
Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, encircli…
low shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, and grasses…
The Tundra Biome Main Definition
Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. Tundra comes from th…
Main Characteristics of the Tundra Biome
1. Extremely cold climate... 2. Low biotic diversity... 3. Simple v…
Tundra Biome
Tundra Location
Tundra Temperature
Tundra Precipitation
Tundra Characteristics
60-70 Degrees North... Near the North Pole ... Most Northern Biome
-60 to 65 F
10 in or Less... DRY!
Long Winters, Short Summers... Permafrost... Poor Soil
Tundra Location
60-70 Degrees North... Near the North Pole ... Most Northern Biome
Tundra Temperature
-60 to 65 F
Biome: Tundra
Distribution
Precipitation
Temperature
Plants
Covers expansive areas of the Arctic amounting to 20% of eart…
Averages from 20 to 60 cm annually in Arctic tundra may excee…
Winters are long and cold.With averages in some areas below -…
Vegetation of tundra is mostly herbaceous consisting of a mix…
Distribution
Covers expansive areas of the Arctic amounting to 20% of eart…
Precipitation
Averages from 20 to 60 cm annually in Arctic tundra may excee…
Tundra Biome
Tundra
Permafrost
Do trees grow in the Tundra?
Does it receive a lot of precipitation?
Permafrost
frozen layer of soil under the surface
Not normally
No, very little
Tundra
Permafrost
Permafrost
frozen layer of soil under the surface
6 terms
Tundra Biome
Near the North Pole... -60-70 N
Coldest biome... Winter: -58 F... Summer: 64 F
Less than 10 inches
-long winters with many months of dark…
Location
Temperature
Precipitation
Characteristics
Near the North Pole... -60-70 N
Location
Coldest biome... Winter: -58 F... Summer: 64 F
Temperature
6 terms
Tundra Biome
Near the North Pole... -60-70 N
Coldest biome... Winter: -58 F... Summer: 64 F
Less than 10 inches
-long winters with many months of dark…
Location
Temperature
Precipitation
Characteristics
Near the North Pole... -60-70 N
Location
Coldest biome... Winter: -58 F... Summer: 64 F
Temperature
tundra biome
Identify 4 different animals that live…
Explain the average winter temperature?
explain the average summer temperature?
Summarize How much rainfall does the t…
Some animals include polar bears, Seals, wolves, and arctic f…
-34 degrees Fahrenheit
34-57 degrees Fahrenheit
around 6-10 inches per year
Identify 4 different animals that live…
Some animals include polar bears, Seals, wolves, and arctic f…
Explain the average winter temperature?
-34 degrees Fahrenheit
11 terms
Biomes: Tundra
Description
Producers are ground hugging to
Alpine tundra
Artic tundra
High latitude windswept wilderness with grass or sledges
Protected breakage from wind
Mountain, high altitude, more permafrost on side of mountain…
Ice ground, low wages availability,
Description
High latitude windswept wilderness with grass or sledges
Producers are ground hugging to
Protected breakage from wind
23 terms
Biomes: Tundra
Formations (Tundra)
Arctic Location (Tundra)
Alpine Location (Tundra)
Vegetation Zones from Boreal Forest to…
Arctic/Polar... Alpine
N-Hemisphere: N of latitudinal treelike, circumpolar fringe n…
High Elevations... Above Altitudinal Treeline
Boreal Forest--Forest Sub-Zone--Shrub Sub-Zone--Shrub Tundra…
Formations (Tundra)
Arctic/Polar... Alpine
Arctic Location (Tundra)
N-Hemisphere: N of latitudinal treelike, circumpolar fringe n…
11 terms
Tundra biome
Biome
Located
Climate
Arctic Moss
large scale zonal ecosystem... distribution determined by climate
Above Arctic region... Northern Europe, coastal Greenland, South…
very dry -252 mm a year... temperature range is 31 degrees... avera…
stores nutrients so it can grow leaves quickly... grows near to…
Biome
large scale zonal ecosystem... distribution determined by climate
Located
Above Arctic region... Northern Europe, coastal Greenland, South…
12 terms
Tundra biome
where is the tundra biome?
what is the average tundra temperature?
the tundra is the _________ biome?
24 hours of dark+ 24 hrs. of light= 1…
up north, northern most biome
60-70 degrees F
coldest
...
where is the tundra biome?
up north, northern most biome
what is the average tundra temperature?
60-70 degrees F
Tundra Biome
What temperatures in winter and summer?
Little precipitation
Windy?
Permafrost
Winter -34 C... Summer 3-12 C
15-25cm annually
High winds
Permanently frozen soil
What temperatures in winter and summer?
Winter -34 C... Summer 3-12 C
Little precipitation
15-25cm annually
26 terms
Tundra Biome
What Finnish word does "tundra" come f…
What are the seven main characteristic…
What are the two types of tundra?
What is the layer of permanently froze…
Tunturi (treeless plain)
Extremely cold climate... Low biotic diversity... Simple vegetation…
Alpine and Arctic
Permafrost - contains gravel and finer material
What Finnish word does "tundra" come f…
Tunturi (treeless plain)
What are the seven main characteristic…
Extremely cold climate... Low biotic diversity... Simple vegetation…
Tundra Biome
Climate type?
Latitude?
Examples?
Seasons
Artic
Above 60 degrees North and South
Alaska
Summer & Winter
Climate type?
Artic
Latitude?
Above 60 degrees North and South
10 terms
Tundra Biome
Location
Fauna
Flora
Weather
The northern part of the world.
Animals such as caribou, arctic hares, arctic foxes, and wolv…
Plants such as arctic moss, arctic willow, bearberry, and car…
Very cold and windy.
Location
The northern part of the world.
Fauna
Animals such as caribou, arctic hares, arctic foxes, and wolv…
Biomes - Tundra
Tundra Biome, 2 Formations
Location
Alpine Tundra
Figure 1
Artics and Alpine tundra
- Artic Tundra (Polar Tundra)... - N-hemisphere = N of latitudin…
High elevations, above altitudinal tree line
...
Tundra Biome, 2 Formations
Artics and Alpine tundra
Location
- Artic Tundra (Polar Tundra)... - N-hemisphere = N of latitudin…
Biomes: Tundra
Climate (rainfall and temperature)
Locations around the world
Common Plant Species
Common Animal Species
-40 C to 18 C... 150 to 250 mm of rain per year
Regions south of the ice caps of the Arctic and extending acr…
Almost no trees due to short growing season and permafrost, l…
fish, caribou voles, arctic hares, squirrels, foxes, polar be…
Climate (rainfall and temperature)
-40 C to 18 C... 150 to 250 mm of rain per year
Locations around the world
Regions south of the ice caps of the Arctic and extending acr…
Land Biomes Tundra Biome
Characteristics
Location
Animals
Plants
the characteristics of this/a biome are the type of soil, the…
Tundras are located in the artic and in high mountain regions…
Caribou, ermine, water birds, squirrels, and musk oxen. Some,…
Tundra plants include, mosses, woody shrub, the bearberry, an…
Characteristics
the characteristics of this/a biome are the type of soil, the…
Location
Tundras are located in the artic and in high mountain regions…
Biome (Tundra)
Where is the tundra?
How is the fauna changing?
How is the soil changing?
How is the flora changing?
Almost all tundras are in the Northern hemisphere but small t…
Southern animals have moved into the Tundra. E.G. The red fox…
The permafrost is melting to a deeper level.
Shrubs and spruces can now take root where they couldn't befo…
Where is the tundra?
Almost all tundras are in the Northern hemisphere but small t…
How is the fauna changing?
Southern animals have moved into the Tundra. E.G. The red fox…
8 terms
Tundra Biome Information
Definition
Precipitation
Temperature
Soil
Comes from Russian word meaning Treeless Mountain Plain
6-10 inches a year
Average 15. -50 to -18 degrees F
Permafrost mainly.
Definition
Comes from Russian word meaning Treeless Mountain Plain
Precipitation
6-10 inches a year
7 terms
Biomes Unit Tundra
Active Zone
permafrost
migration
lichens
the surface layer, in a permafrost region, that thaws during…
soil that stays at or below 0 °C (32 °F) for two or more years
Seasonal movement of animals from one region to another
A simple slow-growing plant which typically forms a low crust…
Active Zone
the surface layer, in a permafrost region, that thaws during…
permafrost
soil that stays at or below 0 °C (32 °F) for two or more years
Biome Summer Study: Tundra
Northern Hemisphere, encircling the No…
Frost-molded landscapes, extremely low…
Permafrost
Low shrubs, reindeer mosses, 400 varie…
Arctic Tundra, Alpine Tundra: location
Tundra
Tundra
Artic Tundra
Northern Hemisphere, encircling the No…
Arctic Tundra, Alpine Tundra: location
Frost-molded landscapes, extremely low…
Tundra
Tundra biome 6th grade
Waxy Coat
Tundra
Tundra
Climate
Penguins have this to keep warm in icey water
Coldest biome
Driest biome
The pattern of weather of a place
Waxy Coat
Penguins have this to keep warm in icey water
Tundra
Coldest biome
19 terms
DESERT AND TUNDRA BIOME
Leaching
True or False: the upper layer of soil…
Pavement
What two types of deserts in the U.S
rainwater moving through the soil which carries minerals deep…
True
It is the desert floor.
The Cold Desert and Hot Deserts.
Leaching
rainwater moving through the soil which carries minerals deep…
True or False: the upper layer of soil…
True
Geography: Tundra Biome
Where
Plants and animals
Land
Summer
Northern climates.
Too cold for most.
Covered with snow most of the year and frozen all year.
Very short.
Where
Northern climates.
Plants and animals
Too cold for most.
15 terms
APES- Tundra biome
Describe biome
Arctic vs Alpine Tundra
What does permafrost prevent?
What kind of biodiversity does it have?
cold and treeless, low-growing vegetation
Arc- northernmost regions of Northern hemisphere (russia, can…
nutrietns and other key components for plant survival
Low
Describe biome
cold and treeless, low-growing vegetation
Arctic vs Alpine Tundra
Arc- northernmost regions of Northern hemisphere (russia, can…
7 terms
Biomes test ( Tundra)
Tundra -location
Tundra-winter
Tundra-permafrost
Tundra-animals
the tundra is located far north
the winter is very harsh and cold
the layer (underneath the active layer) that is permanently f…
some animals that live here are ... carabiu, gulls, ptarmigan…
Tundra -location
the tundra is located far north
Tundra-winter
the winter is very harsh and cold
Tundra& Desert Biomes
biome
land or terrestrial biome
tundra
desert
a physical environment that has certain characteristic plants…
a biome that occurs on land& not in the water
a lame biome characterized by cold temperatures, high winds,&…
a land biome characterized by little rainfall& extreme change…
biome
a physical environment that has certain characteristic plants…
land or terrestrial biome
a biome that occurs on land& not in the water
13 terms
Tundra & Rain Forest Biomes
What does Tundra Mean?
Why are trees not able to grow in the…
Which place in the USA is Tundra?
What grows the most in the Tundra?
Treeless
The ground is frozen
Alaska
Moss & Grass
What does Tundra Mean?
Treeless
Why are trees not able to grow in the…
The ground is frozen
10 terms
Biomes-Tundra and Taiga
Tundra Temperature Range
Tundra Precipitation
Tundra Fun Fact
Tundra Plants/ Producers
Winter- -50C Summer 18C
Less than 25cm of rainfall a year
The Coldest Desert--BRRRRRRR
Dark Leaves, Coshion, Cotton, Lichen
Tundra Temperature Range
Winter- -50C Summer 18C
Tundra Precipitation
Less than 25cm of rainfall a year
12 terms
Tundra Biome Biology1 landon
What is a tundra?
What is permafrost?
What is the average precipitation per…
What type of plant species grow in thi…
treeless biome with a layer of permafrost
layer of permanently frozen soil below the surface
-34°C-12°C
short grasses, shrubs
What is a tundra?
treeless biome with a layer of permafrost
What is permafrost?
layer of permanently frozen soil below the surface
30 terms
Biomes (Tundra/Taiga)
The tundra is found...
Temperatures are only above freezing...
The solid, frozen layer of soil in the…
Plant roots only grow up to ___ in the…
at high altitudes and high latitudes
in the summer for 5 or six weeks
permaforst
12 in.
The tundra is found...
at high altitudes and high latitudes
Temperatures are only above freezing...
in the summer for 5 or six weeks
13 terms
Biomes: tundra and taiga
Tundra
Biome
Biome that is cold year round, dry, an…
Biome that has poor soil and permafrost
Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia
Geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems
Tundra
Tundra
Tundra
Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia
Biome
Geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems
13 terms
tundra and boreal forest biomes
abiotic tundra temp
abiotic tundra growing season
abiotic tundra permafrost
abiotic tundra soil quality
low temperature most of the year
short season
permafrost layer beneath soil
poor soil quality
abiotic tundra temp
low temperature most of the year
abiotic tundra growing season
short season
Tundra Biomes Notes
Location of tundras in
Unique Characteristics#2
What makes the soil low in nutrients
Unique Characteristics
Northern Alaska, Canada, and Siberia
Seasons~spummer, Winter long winters (8-10 months) very short…
What makes the soil low in nutrients is that the soil is perm…
Permafrost: Permanently frozen soil bogs are like marsh- squi…
Location of tundras in
Northern Alaska, Canada, and Siberia
Unique Characteristics#2
Seasons~spummer, Winter long winters (8-10 months) very short…
Biomes: tundra and taiga
Tundra
Biome
Nickname for tundra
Biome that is cold year round, dry, an…
Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia
Geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems
"The Cold Desert"
Tundra
Tundra
Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia
Biome
Geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems
16 terms
Ch. 2.2 Tundra Biome
Tundra
Arctic tundra
Alpine tundra
Summer
"Treeless heights"
High altitude
Low altitude
24-28 hrs a day and it is only 3 weeks
Tundra
"Treeless heights"
Arctic tundra
High altitude
Ecology Exam Biomes - Tundra
What is a tundra's climate like?
What is a tundra's vegetation like?
What's a tundra's soil like?
Tundra animals?
Consistently cold temperatures with very little precipitation…
Densely clustered and close to the ground ... ex. lichens, moss,…
Awful. Poorly developed and covered in permafrost, which melt…
Migratory herbivores and birds plus hardy mammals that can wi…
What is a tundra's climate like?
Consistently cold temperatures with very little precipitation…
What is a tundra's vegetation like?
Densely clustered and close to the ground ... ex. lichens, moss,…
16 terms
Biomes, tundra, boreal forest
Biome
Major determining factor for what a bi…
Two major factors that determine clima…
Two types of tundra
Geographic areas that share similar climates, soil, and bioti…
Climate
Lattitude/altitude
Alpine/Arctic
Biome
Geographic areas that share similar climates, soil, and bioti…
Major determining factor for what a bi…
Climate
biomes arctic tundra
producer
consumer
biome
food web
An organism, such as a green plant, that produces its own foo…
heterotrophic organism in the food chain that ingests other o…
a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occu…
transfer of energy through an ecosystem from producers to con…
producer
An organism, such as a green plant, that produces its own foo…
consumer
heterotrophic organism in the food chain that ingests other o…
GRASSLAND/TUNDRA BIOMES
Where in the U.S. do we find the diffe…
Where do we find savannas and what are…
What area did the grasslands originall…
How do things like bison, fire and gra…
midwest ... short grass prairie ... - 2-14inches of rain... -windy... -du…
very dry season and then a very wet season. They are situated…
cover 1/4 of the world... largest ecosystem in north america
allows for the vigorous regrowth of grasses, enhancing the pr…
Where in the U.S. do we find the diffe…
midwest ... short grass prairie ... - 2-14inches of rain... -windy... -du…
Where do we find savannas and what are…
very dry season and then a very wet season. They are situated…
13 terms
Lecture #14 - Biomes: Tundras
Active Layer
Alpine Permafrost
Alpine Tundra
Arctic Tundra
...
Mountainous regions; extends range southwards
...
...
Active Layer
...
Alpine Permafrost
Mountainous regions; extends range southwards
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