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Study sets matching "tx of ortho"

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Study sets matching "tx of ortho"

126 terms
Ortho Tx
Cervical and Thoracic Sprain
Jefferson Fx
Hangman's Fx
Odontoid Fx
Meds... PT... collar in acute phase... pain management
halo... C1-C2 fusion for marked instability
traction/reduction... THEN halo... sx for canal compromise
halo (type 1 and 3)... ORIF for type 2
Cervical and Thoracic Sprain
Meds... PT... collar in acute phase... pain management
Jefferson Fx
halo... C1-C2 fusion for marked instability
33 terms
OrthoTx: Edema,
A local or generalized accumulation of…
What is another name for edema?
Is Edema the same as Inflammation?
What is the difference b/w Inflammatio…
Edema
Dropsy
No... You do have Edema w/ inflammation, but inflammation itself…
-Inflammation is increased blood flow. (SHARP) Red-Hot-Swolle…
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Edema
What is another name for edema?
Dropsy
34 terms
OrthoTx: Fractures
A break in the continuity of a bone:
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken an…
Fracture
Simple (Closed)
Compound (Open)
Complicated
A break in the continuity of a bone:
Fracture
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
Simple (Closed)
ORTHO Tx
Observation and posture
ROM
Ott's
Gait
Symmetry, scars, skin creases, deformities, scapula position,…
Active (Adam's forward bending test for sign of a rib hump)
Degenerative inflammatory processes
Ataxia, wide based, foot slap, loss of balance, toe scuffing
Observation and posture
Symmetry, scars, skin creases, deformities, scapula position,…
ROM
Active (Adam's forward bending test for sign of a rib hump)
14 terms
ortho tx
alendronate
calcitonin
estrogen
raloxifene
Bisphosphonate-selectively inhibits osteoclast functions, dec…
Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
selective estrogen inhibitase modulator
alendronate
Bisphosphonate-selectively inhibits osteoclast functions, dec…
calcitonin
Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
22 terms
OrthoTx: Ankylosing Spondylitis
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
AS is associated with which Human leuk…
Describe the development of AS
-Clinical term for the point of insert…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
HLA-B27
-begins usually early adulthood w/ inflammatory stage ending…
Enthesis
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
AS is associated with which Human leuk…
HLA-B27
49 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Intro
7 steps to intake:
10 steps of History taking:
When having a Pt describe the location…
What is one of the most important step…
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4. Onset... 5.…
Anatomical Location... If a Pt points to their upper traps, the…
MOI... Can provide valuable information on the cause of pain or…
7 steps to intake:
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
10 steps of History taking:
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4. Onset... 5.…
15 terms
OrthoTx: Frictions
What is the goal of frictions?
What are some friction indications?
Assesses and locates which tissue that…
What are some preparatory techniques t…
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
-Palpation... -AROM/PROM/RROM... -Passive stretch
-MLD... -effleurage... -petrissage... -MFR
What is the goal of frictions?
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
What are some friction indications?
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
27 terms
OrthoTx: Tendonitis
Define Tendonitis:
What are tendons made of?
Define aponeurosis:
The dense connective tissue of tendons…
The inflammation of a tendon.
Regulary arranged dense collagen fibrils
A broad, sheet-like tendon.
-paratendons... -sheaths
Define Tendonitis:
The inflammation of a tendon.
What are tendons made of?
Regulary arranged dense collagen fibrils
41 terms
OrthoTx: Sprains
An overstretch injury to a ligament:
Describe the structure of a ligament:
What is the function of a ligament?
Scar tissue in ligaments will take ___…
Sprain
-Flexible... -Non-contractile... -Dense Regular Connective tissue... -…
-Joins bone to bone... -Contributes to joint stability
-6 weeks... -6 months
An overstretch injury to a ligament:
Sprain
Describe the structure of a ligament:
-Flexible... -Non-contractile... -Dense Regular Connective tissue... -…
30 terms
OrthoTx: Muscle Strains
An sudden overstretch or extreme contr…
Although strains can occur anywhere wi…
Tendons are ___________ vascularized;…
T/F: A strain may occur in the muscle…
Strain
Weakest area... (Usually the middle of tendon or musculotendinou…
-moderately... -least
T
An sudden overstretch or extreme contr…
Strain
Although strains can occur anywhere wi…
Weakest area... (Usually the middle of tendon or musculotendinou…
36 terms
OrthoTx: Introduction & Pain
A branch of medical science that deals…
What are the principles of massage?
What are CIs of effleurage
What are some CIs to petrissage (mm sq…
Orthopedics
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
-Open sores/lesions... -Hypertension (no repetitive strokes)... -He…
-Severe atrophied/atonic muscles... -Moderate/Severe varicosities
A branch of medical science that deals…
Orthopedics
What are the principles of massage?
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
29 terms
OrthoTx: Bursitis
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
Inflammation of a bursa:
What is the function of a bursa?
How long does it take for a bursa to r…
Bursa
Bursitis
Reduces friction
6-24 months
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
Bursa
Inflammation of a bursa:
Bursitis
49 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Intro
7 steps to intake:
10 steps of History taking:
When having a Pt describe the location…
What is one of the most important step…
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4.Onset... 5.…
Anatomical Location... If a Pt points to their upper traps, the…
MOI... Can provide valuable information on the cause of pain or…
7 steps to intake:
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
10 steps of History taking:
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4.Onset... 5.…
80 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Knee Pathology
AREAS OF PAIN ASSOCIATED W/ LOCATION A…
Commonly affected sprained ligaments o…
Etiology Knee Sprain:
is it common or rare to injury only 1…
MCL... ACL ... LCL... PCL... Coronary
- Usually traumatic (indirect or direct) ... => direct = blunt f…
- Isolated lig injuries are RARE... - Eg Terrible Triad of O'D…
AREAS OF PAIN ASSOCIATED W/ LOCATION A…
Commonly affected sprained ligaments o…
MCL... ACL ... LCL... PCL... Coronary
80 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Knee Anatomy
Knee image (study landmarks):
Knee functions
Lowering the body at the knee is:
Raising the body at the knee is:
■ Supports body weight along with hip... ■ Major shock absorber…
Flexion
Extension
Knee image (study landmarks):
Knee functions
■ Supports body weight along with hip... ■ Major shock absorber…
67 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Shoulder Anatomy
Most mobile joint in the body:
Is the shoulder stable or unstable?
T/F, an increase in mobility = decreas…
How many joints make up the shoulder c…
Shoulder Complex
Unstable (least stable joint in body)
True
4... Glenohumeral... Acromioclavicular... Scapulothoracic... Sternoclavic…
Most mobile joint in the body:
Shoulder Complex
Is the shoulder stable or unstable?
Unstable (least stable joint in body)
47 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Elbow Anatomy
Elbow boney landmarks
List the mm of the brachial arm:
T/F, Brachioradialis is part of the CET?
T/F, ECRL is part of the CET?
1. Biceps Brachii... 2. Brachialis... 3. Brachioradialis... 4. Triceps…
False... O: Supracondylar Ridge
False... O: Lat supracondylar ridge (same as Brachioradialis)
Elbow boney landmarks
List the mm of the brachial arm:
1. Biceps Brachii... 2. Brachialis... 3. Brachioradialis... 4. Triceps…
94 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Elbow Pathologies
Tendonitis of the elbow most commonly…
What joint ROM is most impacted by ten…
-Most common pathology of the elbow
What is the order most to least common…
1. Common Extensor Tendon (CET)... 2. Common Flexor Tendon (CFT)…
Wrist ROM
Lateral Epicondylitis... aka: Tennis Elbow
1. Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB)... 2. Extensor Carpi…
Tendonitis of the elbow most commonly…
1. Common Extensor Tendon (CET)... 2. Common Flexor Tendon (CFT)…
What joint ROM is most impacted by ten…
Wrist ROM
49 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Hip Anatomy
Largest & most stable joint in the body:
Functions of hip mvmts:
What is the coaptation force of the hi…
What bones make up the Innominate bone?
Acetabulofemoral Joint
-force transmitter... -accomodates body weight... -fulcrum for mvmt…
-Very strong... -coaptation force of the AF is as much as 25kg o…
Pelvis:... -Ilium... -Ischium... -Pubis
Largest & most stable joint in the body:
Acetabulofemoral Joint
Functions of hip mvmts:
-force transmitter... -accomodates body weight... -fulcrum for mvmt…
48 terms
OrthoTx: Inflammatory Arthritides
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
A condition where monosodium urate cry…
An _____________ arthritide is caused…
Inflammatory Arthritides
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Gout (Metabolic Arthritis)
Infectious
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
Inflammatory Arthritides
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
27 terms
Tx of Ortho - Hip & Groin
hip soft tissue injury ONE test
Hip: soft tissue strains and bursitis
Greater Trochanter Bursitis: cause
GT Bursitis: s/s
Gillet's Test... Slump... Straight Leg Raise
- muscle imbalance in pelvis... - anterior/posterior pelvic tilt…
- friction on the bursa from shortened muscles & tendons... - tr…
- lateral hip pain referring to GB channel- not past the knee…
hip soft tissue injury ONE test
Gillet's Test... Slump... Straight Leg Raise
Hip: soft tissue strains and bursitis
- muscle imbalance in pelvis... - anterior/posterior pelvic tilt…
6 terms
OrthoTx: MMT
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
MMT: Complete ROM with gravity elimina…
Grade 5 (normal)
Grade 4 (good)
Grade 3 (fair)
Grade 2 (poor)
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
Grade 5 (normal)
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
Grade 4 (good)
42 terms
OrthoTx: Burns, Scars
A shortening of connective tissue:
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Which type of adhesion occurs with chr…
Which type of adhesion occurs with acu…
Contracture
Adhesion
Fibrotic Adhesion
Scar Tissue Adhesion
A shortening of connective tissue:
Contracture
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Adhesion
36 terms
OrthoTx: Introduction & Pain
A branch of medical science that deals…
What are the principles of massage?
What are CIs of effleurage
What are some CIs to petrissage (mm sq…
Orthopedics
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
-Open sores/lesions... -Hypertension (no repetitive strokes)... -He…
-Severe atrophied/atonic muscles... -Moderate/Severe varicosities
A branch of medical science that deals…
Orthopedics
What are the principles of massage?
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
32 terms
Stages of comprehensive ortho tx
What are the 3 stages of comprehensive…
T/F every patient will require each st…
Bring the teeth into alignment, correc…
During the 1st stage of treatment you…
1. alignment and leveling... 2. correction of molar relationship…
false
1st stage
anteroposterior... width... form
What are the 3 stages of comprehensive…
1. alignment and leveling... 2. correction of molar relationship…
T/F every patient will require each st…
false
26 terms
OrthoTx: Introduction
A branch of medical science that deals…
What are the principles of massage?
What are CIs of effleurage
What are some CIs to petrissage (mm sq…
Orthopedics
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
-Open sores/lesions... -Hypertension (no repetitive strokes)... -He…
-Severe atrophied/atonic muscles... -Moderate/Severe varicosities
A branch of medical science that deals…
Orthopedics
What are the principles of massage?
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
39 terms
OrthoTx: Burns, Scars
A shortening of connective tissue:
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Which type of adhesion occurs with chr…
Which type of adhesion occurs with acu…
Contracture
Adhesion
Fibrotic
Scar Tissue
A shortening of connective tissue:
Contracture
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Adhesion
24 terms
OrthoTx: Edema,
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Is Edema the same as Inflammation?
What is the difference b/w Inflammatio…
Edema is ____ a disease in itself:
Edema
No... You do have Edema w/ inflammation, but inflammation itself…
-Inflammation is increased blood flow. (SHARP) Red-Hot-Swolle…
not
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Edema
Is Edema the same as Inflammation?
No... You do have Edema w/ inflammation, but inflammation itself…
14 terms
Knee Tx of Ortho
ITBS ortho tests
ITBS motor points
biceps femoris tendonitis ortho tests
biceps femoris tenodonitis motor points
Nobel compression
Glutes, TFL, ITB ashi, Biceps femoris, vastus lateralus
biceps femoris MMT... Nobel compression to rule out ITBS
glutes, popliteus, biceps femoris, gastroc
ITBS ortho tests
Nobel compression
ITBS motor points
Glutes, TFL, ITB ashi, Biceps femoris, vastus lateralus
25 terms
OrthoTx: Tendonitis
Define Tendonitis:
What are tendons made of?
Define aponeurosis:
A tendon that moves in a straight line…
The inflammation of a tendon.
Dense collagen fibrils
A broad, sheet-like tendon.
paratendon
Define Tendonitis:
The inflammation of a tendon.
What are tendons made of?
Dense collagen fibrils
20 terms
Ortho Shoulder Tx
Impingement treatment order
rehab program for this would look like…
rehab program for this shoulder pathol…
rehab for this pathology: begin immedi…
increase flexibility of postural muscles, increase strength o…
Acute RC tendonosis rehab
Sub acute(mod irritability) RC tendonosis
Partial thickness RC tear
Impingement treatment order
increase flexibility of postural muscles, increase strength o…
rehab program for this would look like…
Acute RC tendonosis rehab
31 terms
OrthoTx: Fractures
A break in the continuity of a bone:
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken an…
Fracture
Simple (Closed)
Compound (Open)
Complicated
A break in the continuity of a bone:
Fracture
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
Simple (Closed)
28 terms
OrthoTx: Fractures
A break in the continuity of a bone:
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken an…
Fracture
Simple (Closed)
Compound (Open)
Complicated
A break in the continuity of a bone:
Fracture
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
Simple (Closed)
25 terms
OrthoTx: Bursitis
Inflammation of a bursa:
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
What is the function of a bursa?
How long does it take for a bursa to r…
Bursitis
Bursa
Reduces friction
6-24 months
Inflammation of a bursa:
Bursitis
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
Bursa
26 terms
OrthoTx: Muscle Strains
An overstretch injury to a musculotend…
Where do strains occur?
Tendons are ___________ vascularized;…
T/F: A strain may occur in the muscle…
Strain
weakest area
-moderately... -least
T
An overstretch injury to a musculotend…
Strain
Where do strains occur?
weakest area
12 terms
OrthoTx: Edema,
A local or generalized accumulation of…
What are some causes of edema?
Lymphostasis leads to the retention of…
__________ edema is known as high-flow…
Edema
-Increased capillary permeability (histamine release, inflamm…
low-flow, high-protein edema
Lymphodynamic
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Edema
What are some causes of edema?
-Increased capillary permeability (histamine release, inflamm…
8 terms
Shoulder tx of ortho
Supraspinatus tendonitis motor points
Supraspinatus tendonitis ortho tests
impingement syndrome motor points
impingement syndrome ortho tests
supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, traps, deltoid, pe…
supraspinatus MMT, empty can test
infraspinatus, teres minor, supraspinatus, traps, teres major…
hawkin's kennedy test, Neer's test
Supraspinatus tendonitis motor points
supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, traps, deltoid, pe…
Supraspinatus tendonitis ortho tests
supraspinatus MMT, empty can test
47 terms
OrthoTx: Inflammatory Arthritides
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
A condition where monosodium urate cry…
An _____________ arthritide is caused…
Inflammatory Arthritides
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Gout (Metabolic Arthritis)
Infectious
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
Inflammatory Arthritides
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
14 terms
OrthoTx: Frictions
What is the goal of frictions?
What are some friction indications?
Assesses and locates which tissue that…
What are some preparatory techniques t…
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
-Palpation... -AROM/PROM/RROM... -Passive stretch
-MLD... -effleurage... -petrissage... -MFR
What is the goal of frictions?
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
What are some friction indications?
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
31 terms
Ortho- records and tx planning
List the routine Ortho records
What are the dimensions viewed on a ce…
Can you plan treatment from a ceph com…
Panoramic shows which dimension?
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
NO... Don't plan from ceph numbers, don't treat to numbers
Transverse
List the routine Ortho records
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs
What are the dimensions viewed on a ce…
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
28 terms
Ortho- records and tx planning
List the 4 routine Ortho records?... What…
What are the 2 dimensions viewed on a…
Can you plan treatment from a ceph com…
Panoramic shows which dimension?
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs... - mounted casts and wris…
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
NO... - Don't plan from ceph numbers, don't treat to numbers
Transverse
List the 4 routine Ortho records?... What…
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs... - mounted casts and wris…
What are the 2 dimensions viewed on a…
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
57 terms
Tx of Ortho: Muscle Actions
Glute Medius #1
Glute Medius #2
Glute Maximus
Yaoyan (QL)
Hip Abduction, Stabilization of pelvis. Anterior=flexion & in…
Hip Abduction, Stabilization of pelvis. Anterior=flexion & in…
Hip Extension, External Rotation of femur
Bends the trunk ipsilaterally, fixes 12th rib, aids in expira…
Glute Medius #1
Hip Abduction, Stabilization of pelvis. Anterior=flexion & in…
Glute Medius #2
Hip Abduction, Stabilization of pelvis. Anterior=flexion & in…
13 terms
PCOMny Tx of ortho disorders
Tortocolis neck channel Dx
Tortocolis Tx Pts local
Tortocolis Tx distal points
Whiplash 1st stage
Tai yang and shaoyang
GB-20 & GB-21, GB-20<- ->GB-20, GB-21 & Bailao (ashi) UB-10 A…
1. Tai Yang: SI-3->4, SI-4 ss w/ UB-65/63/60 opposite ... 2. Sha…
Bleed JW, Auricular, SI-6 ss, w/ UB-63, and/or GB-36
Tortocolis neck channel Dx
Tai yang and shaoyang
Tortocolis Tx Pts local
GB-20 & GB-21, GB-20<- ->GB-20, GB-21 & Bailao (ashi) UB-10 A…
73 terms
Examination & Tx of the hip - Ortho
3 bones of the hip (os coxa)
which directions do the acetabulum face
what is the strongest bone in the body
3 primary extra-articular ligaments
ilium... ischium... pubis
lateral... inferior... anterior
femur
iliofemoral... ischiofemoral... pubofemoral
3 bones of the hip (os coxa)
ilium... ischium... pubis
which directions do the acetabulum face
lateral... inferior... anterior
19 terms
ortho -tx lecture
goal sof ortho tx
evaulate and manage malO in what dimen…
what the first thing we give up on for…
timing of tx
- ideal O : ... class 1 molar, class 1 canine, ideal over jet an…
always in 3D ... - transverse : width ... - sagittal Dimension ( de…
-class 1 molar relationship
early vs late... - early- young; primary dentition : preventive…
goal sof ortho tx
- ideal O : ... class 1 molar, class 1 canine, ideal over jet an…
evaulate and manage malO in what dimen…
always in 3D ... - transverse : width ... - sagittal Dimension ( de…
16 terms
ORTHO 06- Tx
Ped supracondylar
Ped R head sublux
Ped Lat condyle
Ped Med epicondyle
post splint-->long cast... Type 1... Type 2 w/o swelling or med c…
CR- acute... OR- chronic
Long arm- <2mm displ... ORIF- MC
Immobilize- <5mm displ... ORIF- U. n. dysfx, >5-15mm displ, elit…
Ped supracondylar
post splint-->long cast... Type 1... Type 2 w/o swelling or med c…
Ped R head sublux
CR- acute... OR- chronic
114 terms
comp: rheumatology & ortho tx
osteoarthritis with mild-moderate pain…
non-pharm OA treatment
RA
synthetic DMARDs for RA
acetaminophen is 1st line, try NSAIDs if that fails
weight reduction, moderate physical activity, braces, canes,…
NSAID + DMARD (usually methotrexate)... methotrexate + biologic…
MTX, CSTs, sulfasalazine, antimalarials, leflunomide
osteoarthritis with mild-moderate pain…
acetaminophen is 1st line, try NSAIDs if that fails
non-pharm OA treatment
weight reduction, moderate physical activity, braces, canes,…
28 terms
OrthoTx: Contusions, Hematomas, Ulcers
What is a contusion?
large blotchy bruises-
What structures are damaged with contu…
Describe a mild contusion:
A crush injury to a muscle (don't forget to write "muscle")
-ecchymoses
-Muscle fibres... -Bleeding into subcutaneous tissue/skin... -*Brui…
-Minor crush injury... -Minimal bleeding... -Mild discomfort with a…
What is a contusion?
A crush injury to a muscle (don't forget to write "muscle")
large blotchy bruises-
-ecchymoses
111 terms
ortho tx 1
Mach effect
Jefferson fractue
Hangman's fracture
C1 neural arch fracture location?
lucency through dens from overlying structures in c spine xray
C1 fracture from axial load
bilateral C2 pedicles from hyperextension
odontoid
Mach effect
lucency through dens from overlying structures in c spine xray
Jefferson fractue
C1 fracture from axial load
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