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Study sets matching "tx ortho"

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Study sets matching "tx ortho"

126 terms
Ortho Tx
Cervical and Thoracic Sprain
Jefferson Fx
Hangman's Fx
Odontoid Fx
Meds... PT... collar in acute phase... pain management
halo... C1-C2 fusion for marked instability
traction/reduction... THEN halo... sx for canal compromise
halo (type 1 and 3)... ORIF for type 2
Cervical and Thoracic Sprain
Meds... PT... collar in acute phase... pain management
Jefferson Fx
halo... C1-C2 fusion for marked instability
33 terms
OrthoTx: Edema,
A local or generalized accumulation of…
What is another name for edema?
Is Edema the same as Inflammation?
What is the difference b/w Inflammatio…
Edema
Dropsy
No... You do have Edema w/ inflammation, but inflammation itself…
-Inflammation is increased blood flow. (SHARP) Red-Hot-Swolle…
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Edema
What is another name for edema?
Dropsy
34 terms
OrthoTx: Fractures
A break in the continuity of a bone:
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken an…
Fracture
Simple (Closed)
Compound (Open)
Complicated
A break in the continuity of a bone:
Fracture
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
Simple (Closed)
49 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Intro
7 steps to intake:
10 steps of History taking:
When having a Pt describe the location…
What is one of the most important step…
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4. Onset... 5.…
Anatomical Location... If a Pt points to their upper traps, the…
MOI... Can provide valuable information on the cause of pain or…
7 steps to intake:
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
10 steps of History taking:
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4. Onset... 5.…
22 terms
OrthoTx: Ankylosing Spondylitis
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
AS is associated with which Human leuk…
Describe the development of AS
-Clinical term for the point of insert…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
HLA-B27
-begins usually early adulthood w/ inflammatory stage ending…
Enthesis
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
AS is associated with which Human leuk…
HLA-B27
ORTHO Tx
Observation and posture
ROM
Ott's
Gait
Symmetry, scars, skin creases, deformities, scapula position,…
Active (Adam's forward bending test for sign of a rib hump)
Degenerative inflammatory processes
Ataxia, wide based, foot slap, loss of balance, toe scuffing
Observation and posture
Symmetry, scars, skin creases, deformities, scapula position,…
ROM
Active (Adam's forward bending test for sign of a rib hump)
14 terms
ortho tx
alendronate
calcitonin
estrogen
raloxifene
Bisphosphonate-selectively inhibits osteoclast functions, dec…
Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
selective estrogen inhibitase modulator
alendronate
Bisphosphonate-selectively inhibits osteoclast functions, dec…
calcitonin
Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
80 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Knee Pathology
AREAS OF PAIN ASSOCIATED W/ LOCATION A…
Commonly affected sprained ligaments o…
Etiology Knee Sprain:
is it common or rare to injury only 1…
MCL... ACL ... LCL... PCL... Coronary
- Usually traumatic (indirect or direct) ... => direct = blunt f…
- Isolated lig injuries are RARE... - Eg Terrible Triad of O'D…
AREAS OF PAIN ASSOCIATED W/ LOCATION A…
Commonly affected sprained ligaments o…
MCL... ACL ... LCL... PCL... Coronary
47 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Elbow Anatomy
Elbow boney landmarks
List the mm of the brachial arm:
T/F, Brachioradialis is part of the CET?
T/F, ECRL is part of the CET?
1. Biceps Brachii... 2. Brachialis... 3. Brachioradialis... 4. Triceps…
False... O: Supracondylar Ridge
False... O: Lat supracondylar ridge (same as Brachioradialis)
Elbow boney landmarks
List the mm of the brachial arm:
1. Biceps Brachii... 2. Brachialis... 3. Brachioradialis... 4. Triceps…
80 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Knee Anatomy
Knee image (study landmarks):
Knee functions
Lowering the body at the knee is:
Raising the body at the knee is:
■ Supports body weight along with hip... ■ Major shock absorber…
Flexion
Extension
Knee image (study landmarks):
Knee functions
■ Supports body weight along with hip... ■ Major shock absorber…
94 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Elbow Pathologies
Tendonitis of the elbow most commonly…
What joint ROM is most impacted by ten…
-Most common pathology of the elbow
What is the order most to least common…
1. Common Extensor Tendon (CET)... 2. Common Flexor Tendon (CFT)…
Wrist ROM
Lateral Epicondylitis... aka: Tennis Elbow
1. Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB)... 2. Extensor Carpi…
Tendonitis of the elbow most commonly…
1. Common Extensor Tendon (CET)... 2. Common Flexor Tendon (CFT)…
What joint ROM is most impacted by ten…
Wrist ROM
49 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Hip Anatomy
Largest & most stable joint in the body:
Functions of hip mvmts:
What is the coaptation force of the hi…
What bones make up the Innominate bone?
Acetabulofemoral Joint
-force transmitter... -accomodates body weight... -fulcrum for mvmt…
-Very strong... -coaptation force of the AF is as much as 25kg o…
Pelvis:... -Ilium... -Ischium... -Pubis
Largest & most stable joint in the body:
Acetabulofemoral Joint
Functions of hip mvmts:
-force transmitter... -accomodates body weight... -fulcrum for mvmt…
67 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Shoulder Anatomy
Most mobile joint in the body:
Is the shoulder stable or unstable?
T/F, an increase in mobility = decreas…
How many joints make up the shoulder c…
Shoulder Complex
Unstable (least stable joint in body)
True
4... Glenohumeral... Acromioclavicular... Scapulothoracic... Sternoclavic…
Most mobile joint in the body:
Shoulder Complex
Is the shoulder stable or unstable?
Unstable (least stable joint in body)
49 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Intro
7 steps to intake:
10 steps of History taking:
When having a Pt describe the location…
What is one of the most important step…
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4.Onset... 5.…
Anatomical Location... If a Pt points to their upper traps, the…
MOI... Can provide valuable information on the cause of pain or…
7 steps to intake:
History... Observation... Palpation... Movement... Neurological…
10 steps of History taking:
1. Location... 2. Method of Injury... 3. Nature... 4.Onset... 5.…
15 terms
OrthoTx: Frictions
What is the goal of frictions?
What are some friction indications?
Assesses and locates which tissue that…
What are some preparatory techniques t…
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
-Palpation... -AROM/PROM/RROM... -Passive stretch
-MLD... -effleurage... -petrissage... -MFR
What is the goal of frictions?
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
What are some friction indications?
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
41 terms
OrthoTx: Sprains
An overstretch injury to a ligament:
Describe the structure of a ligament:
What is the function of a ligament?
Scar tissue in ligaments will take ___…
Sprain
-Flexible... -Non-contractile... -Dense Regular Connective tissue... -…
-Joins bone to bone... -Contributes to joint stability
-6 weeks... -6 months
An overstretch injury to a ligament:
Sprain
Describe the structure of a ligament:
-Flexible... -Non-contractile... -Dense Regular Connective tissue... -…
30 terms
OrthoTx: Muscle Strains
An sudden overstretch or extreme contr…
Although strains can occur anywhere wi…
Tendons are ___________ vascularized;…
T/F: A strain may occur in the muscle…
Strain
Weakest area... (Usually the middle of tendon or musculotendinou…
-moderately... -least
T
An sudden overstretch or extreme contr…
Strain
Although strains can occur anywhere wi…
Weakest area... (Usually the middle of tendon or musculotendinou…
27 terms
OrthoTx: Tendonitis
Define Tendonitis:
What are tendons made of?
Define aponeurosis:
The dense connective tissue of tendons…
The inflammation of a tendon.
Regulary arranged dense collagen fibrils
A broad, sheet-like tendon.
-paratendons... -sheaths
Define Tendonitis:
The inflammation of a tendon.
What are tendons made of?
Regulary arranged dense collagen fibrils
36 terms
OrthoTx: Introduction & Pain
A branch of medical science that deals…
What are the principles of massage?
What are CIs of effleurage
What are some CIs to petrissage (mm sq…
Orthopedics
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
-Open sores/lesions... -Hypertension (no repetitive strokes)... -He…
-Severe atrophied/atonic muscles... -Moderate/Severe varicosities
A branch of medical science that deals…
Orthopedics
What are the principles of massage?
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
29 terms
OrthoTx: Bursitis
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
Inflammation of a bursa:
What is the function of a bursa?
How long does it take for a bursa to r…
Bursa
Bursitis
Reduces friction
6-24 months
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
Bursa
Inflammation of a bursa:
Bursitis
48 terms
OrthoTx: Inflammatory Arthritides
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
A condition where monosodium urate cry…
An _____________ arthritide is caused…
Inflammatory Arthritides
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Gout (Metabolic Arthritis)
Infectious
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
Inflammatory Arthritides
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
6 terms
OrthoTx: MMT
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
MMT: Complete ROM with gravity elimina…
Grade 5 (normal)
Grade 4 (good)
Grade 3 (fair)
Grade 2 (poor)
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
Grade 5 (normal)
MMT: Complete ROM against gravity with…
Grade 4 (good)
27 terms
Tx of Ortho - Hip & Groin
hip soft tissue injury ONE test
Hip: soft tissue strains and bursitis
Greater Trochanter Bursitis: cause
GT Bursitis: s/s
Gillet's Test... Slump... Straight Leg Raise
- muscle imbalance in pelvis... - anterior/posterior pelvic tilt…
- friction on the bursa from shortened muscles & tendons... - tr…
- lateral hip pain referring to GB channel- not past the knee…
hip soft tissue injury ONE test
Gillet's Test... Slump... Straight Leg Raise
Hip: soft tissue strains and bursitis
- muscle imbalance in pelvis... - anterior/posterior pelvic tilt…
36 terms
OrthoTx: Introduction & Pain
A branch of medical science that deals…
What are the principles of massage?
What are CIs of effleurage
What are some CIs to petrissage (mm sq…
Orthopedics
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
-Open sores/lesions... -Hypertension (no repetitive strokes)... -He…
-Severe atrophied/atonic muscles... -Moderate/Severe varicosities
A branch of medical science that deals…
Orthopedics
What are the principles of massage?
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
42 terms
OrthoTx: Burns, Scars
A shortening of connective tissue:
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Which type of adhesion occurs with chr…
Which type of adhesion occurs with acu…
Contracture
Adhesion
Fibrotic Adhesion
Scar Tissue Adhesion
A shortening of connective tissue:
Contracture
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Adhesion
24 terms
OrthoTx: Edema,
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Is Edema the same as Inflammation?
What is the difference b/w Inflammatio…
Edema is ____ a disease in itself:
Edema
No... You do have Edema w/ inflammation, but inflammation itself…
-Inflammation is increased blood flow. (SHARP) Red-Hot-Swolle…
not
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Edema
Is Edema the same as Inflammation?
No... You do have Edema w/ inflammation, but inflammation itself…
31 terms
OrthoTx: Fractures
A break in the continuity of a bone:
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken an…
Fracture
Simple (Closed)
Compound (Open)
Complicated
A break in the continuity of a bone:
Fracture
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
Simple (Closed)
26 terms
OrthoTx: Introduction
A branch of medical science that deals…
What are the principles of massage?
What are CIs of effleurage
What are some CIs to petrissage (mm sq…
Orthopedics
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
-Open sores/lesions... -Hypertension (no repetitive strokes)... -He…
-Severe atrophied/atonic muscles... -Moderate/Severe varicosities
A branch of medical science that deals…
Orthopedics
What are the principles of massage?
-Proximal to distal to proximal... -General to specific to gener…
39 terms
OrthoTx: Burns, Scars
A shortening of connective tissue:
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Which type of adhesion occurs with chr…
Which type of adhesion occurs with acu…
Contracture
Adhesion
Fibrotic
Scar Tissue
A shortening of connective tissue:
Contracture
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Adhesion
20 terms
Ortho Shoulder Tx
Impingement treatment order
rehab program for this would look like…
rehab program for this shoulder pathol…
rehab for this pathology: begin immedi…
increase flexibility of postural muscles, increase strength o…
Acute RC tendonosis rehab
Sub acute(mod irritability) RC tendonosis
Partial thickness RC tear
Impingement treatment order
increase flexibility of postural muscles, increase strength o…
rehab program for this would look like…
Acute RC tendonosis rehab
25 terms
OrthoTx: Bursitis
Inflammation of a bursa:
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
What is the function of a bursa?
How long does it take for a bursa to r…
Bursitis
Bursa
Reduces friction
6-24 months
Inflammation of a bursa:
Bursitis
A small, flat sac lined with synovium:
Bursa
25 terms
OrthoTx: Tendonitis
Define Tendonitis:
What are tendons made of?
Define aponeurosis:
A tendon that moves in a straight line…
The inflammation of a tendon.
Dense collagen fibrils
A broad, sheet-like tendon.
paratendon
Define Tendonitis:
The inflammation of a tendon.
What are tendons made of?
Dense collagen fibrils
28 terms
OrthoTx: Fractures
A break in the continuity of a bone:
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
A fracture where the bone is broken an…
Fracture
Simple (Closed)
Compound (Open)
Complicated
A break in the continuity of a bone:
Fracture
A fracture where the bone is broken wi…
Simple (Closed)
26 terms
OrthoTx: Muscle Strains
An overstretch injury to a musculotend…
Where do strains occur?
Tendons are ___________ vascularized;…
T/F: A strain may occur in the muscle…
Strain
weakest area
-moderately... -least
T
An overstretch injury to a musculotend…
Strain
Where do strains occur?
weakest area
12 terms
OrthoTx: Edema,
A local or generalized accumulation of…
What are some causes of edema?
Lymphostasis leads to the retention of…
__________ edema is known as high-flow…
Edema
-Increased capillary permeability (histamine release, inflamm…
low-flow, high-protein edema
Lymphodynamic
A local or generalized accumulation of…
Edema
What are some causes of edema?
-Increased capillary permeability (histamine release, inflamm…
47 terms
OrthoTx: Inflammatory Arthritides
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
A condition where monosodium urate cry…
An _____________ arthritide is caused…
Inflammatory Arthritides
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Gout (Metabolic Arthritis)
Infectious
A group of inflammatory diseases affec…
Inflammatory Arthritides
A chronic systemic inflammatory disord…
Ankylosing Spondylitis
14 terms
OrthoTx: Frictions
What is the goal of frictions?
What are some friction indications?
Assesses and locates which tissue that…
What are some preparatory techniques t…
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
-Palpation... -AROM/PROM/RROM... -Passive stretch
-MLD... -effleurage... -petrissage... -MFR
What is the goal of frictions?
break down of adhesions (late sub-acute, chronic)
What are some friction indications?
-Fibrosis/Adhesions... -Tendonitis... -Bursitis... -Sprains... -Strains... -…
65 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Ankle/Foot Anatomy
Bones of foot
Lateral Foot
Compartments of the ankle:
Tarsals - posterior aspect
Anterior... Lateral... Superficial Posterior ... Deep Posterior
Bones of foot
Lateral Foot
28 terms
OrthoTx: Contusions, Hematomas, Ulcers
What is a contusion?
large blotchy bruises-
What structures are damaged with contu…
Describe a mild contusion:
A crush injury to a muscle (don't forget to write "muscle")
-ecchymoses
-Muscle fibres... -Bleeding into subcutaneous tissue/skin... -*Brui…
-Minor crush injury... -Minimal bleeding... -Mild discomfort with a…
What is a contusion?
A crush injury to a muscle (don't forget to write "muscle")
large blotchy bruises-
-ecchymoses
61 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Ankle/Foot BioM
Gait is the combined mvmts of what joi…
What makes up Supination:
What makes up Pronation:
ROM at the midtarsal joint is dependan…
Talocrural... Subtalar... Midfoot
- Inversion (lat rot'n calcaneus @ subtalar) aka: varus glide…
- Eversion (med rot'n calcaneus at subtalar) aka: valgus glid…
Subtalar
Gait is the combined mvmts of what joi…
Talocrural... Subtalar... Midfoot
What makes up Supination:
- Inversion (lat rot'n calcaneus @ subtalar) aka: varus glide…
87 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Wrist/Hand BioM
The Wrist Joint is composed of what jo…
Primary AXIS for flex/ext at wrist i…
Flexion at wrist occurs primarily @…
Extension at wrist occurs primarily…
1. Distal RU... 2. Radio-Carpal (incl articulation b/w disc and…
Capitate
Midcarpal Joint
Radiocarpal Joint... (this is where close pack happens)
The Wrist Joint is composed of what jo…
1. Distal RU... 2. Radio-Carpal (incl articulation b/w disc and…
Primary AXIS for flex/ext at wrist i…
Capitate
28 terms
Ortho- records and tx planning
List the 4 routine Ortho records?... What…
What are the 2 dimensions viewed on a…
Can you plan treatment from a ceph com…
Panoramic shows which dimension?
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs... - mounted casts and wris…
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
NO... - Don't plan from ceph numbers, don't treat to numbers
Transverse
List the 4 routine Ortho records?... What…
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs... - mounted casts and wris…
What are the 2 dimensions viewed on a…
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
47 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Knee BioM, Assmt
What does the knee rely upon for stabi…
Stability Quadrants of the knee:
Anterior Reinforcement
Anterolateral Reinforcement
-Ligaments (passive)... -Muscles (dynamic)
-Anterior-Posterior... -AnteroLateral & Medial... -PosteroLateral &…
- Patellar tendon inferiorly... - Quadriceps tendon superiorly
- Med. and Lat. Patellar retinaculum... - ITB stabilizes and che…
What does the knee rely upon for stabi…
-Ligaments (passive)... -Muscles (dynamic)
Stability Quadrants of the knee:
-Anterior-Posterior... -AnteroLateral & Medial... -PosteroLateral &…
64 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Ankle/Foot Pathology 1
Definition of Overuse Injuries/Syndromes
What are the 2 causes of Overuse injur…
Where are overuse injuries due to Extr…
Treatment Goals of Overuse Syndromes:
-Local inflammatory response to stress or repeated stress to…
Intrinsic: ... - Hyperlordosis/ hyperkyphosis... - Structural dys…
Athletes who train for prolonged periods of time
Acute phase = inflammation and pain management... *Subacute ph…
Definition of Overuse Injuries/Syndromes
-Local inflammatory response to stress or repeated stress to…
What are the 2 causes of Overuse injur…
Intrinsic: ... - Hyperlordosis/ hyperkyphosis... - Structural dys…
31 terms
Ortho- records and tx planning
List the routine Ortho records
What are the dimensions viewed on a ce…
Can you plan treatment from a ceph com…
Panoramic shows which dimension?
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
NO... Don't plan from ceph numbers, don't treat to numbers
Transverse
List the routine Ortho records
Lateral ceph... Pano... Models... Radiographs
What are the dimensions viewed on a ce…
Anterior-posterior (sagittal)... Vertical
59 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Wrist/Hand Pathology
Compression or entrapment of MEDIAN ne…
What are we treating w/ CTS?
What are contributing factors to CTS?
Boney changes affecting the size of th…
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
-Treat the cause... -Relieve the syndrome
1. Decreased tunnel size 2* Boney changes... 2. Increased size o…
-Arthritis... -Dislocation (m/c lunate)... -Ganglion/cyst... -OA osteo…
Compression or entrapment of MEDIAN ne…
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
What are we treating w/ CTS?
-Treat the cause... -Relieve the syndrome
42 terms
OrthoTx: Burns, Scars, Wounds
A shortening of connective tissue:
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Which type of adhesion occurs with chr…
Which type of adhesion occurs with acu…
Contracture
Adhesion
Fibrotic Adhesion
Scar Tissue Adhesion
A shortening of connective tissue:
Contracture
Lack of movement allows the formation…
Adhesion
59 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Shoulder Tendonitis, Bursitis, Impingement
This is an overuse injury that causes…
Inflammation of a tendon with a sheath…
Any noxious, repeated activity leading…
What are the 3 main causes of tendonit…
Tendonitis
Tenosynovitis
Overuse Syndromes
Overuse/Trauma = Extrinsic... Postural/Deformity = Intrinsic... Bon…
This is an overuse injury that causes…
Tendonitis
Inflammation of a tendon with a sheath…
Tenosynovitis
59 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Ankle/Foot Pathology 2
Overuse condition resulting in inflamm…
Etiology Plantar Fasciitis
What is a Plantar Calcaneal Spur
2 main causes mal alignment contributi…
Plantar Fasciitis
- Acute strain or chronic overuse condition... - Repetitive comb…
chronic stress to origin of fascia on calcaneus may cause cal…
- Pes Planus: may cause micro tears to plantar fascia,... *- P…
Overuse condition resulting in inflamm…
Plantar Fasciitis
Etiology Plantar Fasciitis
- Acute strain or chronic overuse condition... - Repetitive comb…
43 terms
OrthoTx 400 - Dislocations/Subluxation, Adhesive Capsulitis
Define Dislocation vs. Subluxation:
Shoulder Dislocation Etiology
S & S of a Shoulder dislocation
Acute dislocations we will not be able…
Dislocation = Complete dissociation of the articulating surfa…
➢FOOSH or direct trauma... ➢ *Anterior dislocation - excessive A…
➢Bruising, fractures, strains, sprains, tears, avulsions, hem…
Option 1... • AROM/PROM decreased in mostt* directions... • MOI dir…
Define Dislocation vs. Subluxation:
Dislocation = Complete dissociation of the articulating surfa…
Shoulder Dislocation Etiology
➢FOOSH or direct trauma... ➢ *Anterior dislocation - excessive A…
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