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Study sets matching "u.s. history"

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Study sets matching "u.s. history"

18 terms
U.S. History - Industrialization
natural resources
Laissez-faire government
Transcontinental Railroad
Immigrant labor force
Raw materials such as timber, coal, iron, etc.; large amounts…
Government does as little as possible; "hands off"
Shortened the travel time from East to West across the US; le…
Social and economic forces in Europe and Asia brought many to…
natural resources
Raw materials such as timber, coal, iron, etc.; large amounts…
Laissez-faire government
Government does as little as possible; "hands off"
211 terms
U.S. History Final
Samuel Morse
Eli Whitney
Samuel Slater
Frederick Douglass
Invented the telegraph allows people to send messages over gr…
Invented interchangeable parts and the cotton gin
Brought the first factory technology from Britain to the US
Famous escaped slave, abolitionist and author
Samuel Morse
Invented the telegraph allows people to send messages over gr…
Eli Whitney
Invented interchangeable parts and the cotton gin
19 terms
U.S. History - Imperialism
Imperialism
Anti-Imperialist League
Isolationism
Monroe Doctrine
Economic and political domination by a strong nation over wea…
Against the annexation of the Philippines
policy of remaining apart from the political affairs of other…
Declared U.S. opposition to European influence in the Americas
Imperialism
Economic and political domination by a strong nation over wea…
Anti-Imperialist League
Against the annexation of the Philippines
18 terms
U.S. History - Urbanization
urbanization
urban living
plight of the farmer
Ellis Island
population shift from rural to urban areas
posed the risks of crime, violence, fire, disease and polluti…
rural living situation; new technology allowed higher crop pr…
gateway for millions of immigrants to the U.S. from 1892 - 1934
urbanization
population shift from rural to urban areas
urban living
posed the risks of crime, violence, fire, disease and polluti…
50 terms
Midterm - U.S. History
Kwakiutl
Prince Henry the Navigator
Reformation
Christopher Columbus
Native American people that formerly inhabited the northweste…
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory…
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an att…
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government…
Kwakiutl
Native American people that formerly inhabited the northweste…
Prince Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory…
39 terms
Unit 1 - U.S. History
Maya
Hohokam
Kwakiutl
kinship
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatan Pe…
Native Americans who lived in the Southwest from about 300 B.…
Native American people that formerly inhabited the northweste…
A social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption.
Maya
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatan Pe…
Hohokam
Native Americans who lived in the Southwest from about 300 B.…
20 terms
U.S. History Chapter 3
John Smith
charter
Joint-stock company
Sir Walter Raleigh
Helped Jamestown survive. Encourage settlers to work harder f…
a document granting the recipient the right to settle a colony
a company in which investors buy stock in a the company in re…
In 1584, he sent an expedition that landed in present-day Vir…
John Smith
Helped Jamestown survive. Encourage settlers to work harder f…
charter
a document granting the recipient the right to settle a colony
16 terms
U.S. History Vocab
Salutary neglect
Mercantilism
Enlightenment
Great awakening
British policy in the early 1700's which allowed the colonies…
economic policy under which a nation accumulates wealth by ex…
18th century movement during which European philosophers beli…
religious movement in the English colonies during the 1730 an…
Salutary neglect
British policy in the early 1700's which allowed the colonies…
Mercantilism
economic policy under which a nation accumulates wealth by ex…
29 terms
U.S. and Canadian History
colonize
plantation
fortify
missionary
to build settlements and develop trade in lands that a countr…
a large farm that grows crops for profit
to strengthen
a person sent by a religious organization to convert others t…
colonize
to build settlements and develop trade in lands that a countr…
plantation
a large farm that grows crops for profit
12 terms
U.S. History Background Vocab
Declaration of Independence
U.S. Constitution
Bill of Rights
Fifth Amendment
Gave reasons why colonists were demanding independence from B…
Established new national government. Provided for 3 branches…
Protections of individual freedoms and rights of the accused.
An accused person can't be forced to say things that will be…
Declaration of Independence
Gave reasons why colonists were demanding independence from B…
U.S. Constitution
Established new national government. Provided for 3 branches…
U.S. History #15
jazz
anarchist
speakeasy
mass media
American style of music using syncopated rhythms and melodies
Someone who opposes all forms of government
A place where alcoholic beverages were sold illegally
A form of communication such as television and radio intended…
jazz
American style of music using syncopated rhythms and melodies
anarchist
Someone who opposes all forms of government
40 terms
Unit 8 - U.S. History
John F. Kennedy
Fidel Castro
Berlin Wall
hot line
35th President of the United States 35th President of the Uni…
Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the regime of the di…
A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1…
This was a direct telephone link created by Kennedy and Khrus…
John F. Kennedy
35th President of the United States 35th President of the Uni…
Fidel Castro
Cuban revolutionary leader who overthrew the regime of the di…
40 terms
Unit 4 - U.S. History
Homestead Act
Sitting Bull
George A. Custer
assimilation
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to se…
American Indian medicine man, chief, and political leader of…
Discovered gold in Black Hills of South Dakota, his Seventh C…
Ethnic groups lost their distinctive culture through the domi…
Homestead Act
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to se…
Sitting Bull
American Indian medicine man, chief, and political leader of…
32 terms
U.S. History Chapter 9
gross national product
laissez-faire
entrepreneurs
time zones
The total value of goods and services, including income recei…
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible…
Accepting the risk of starting and running a business.
Railroads led to the creating of this to help coordinate time…
gross national product
The total value of goods and services, including income recei…
laissez-faire
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible…
40 terms
Unit 3 - U.S. History
market revolution
capitalism
Samuel F.B. Morse
Manifest Destiny
Dramatic increase between 1820 and 1850 in the exchange of go…
An economic system based on private ownership of capital.
He created a single wire telegraph system, and invented the M…
A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the Unit…
market revolution
Dramatic increase between 1820 and 1850 in the exchange of go…
capitalism
An economic system based on private ownership of capital.
39 terms
Unit 7 - U.S. History
fascism
Adolf Hitler
Nazism
Winston Churchill
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power…
Austrian-born founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor…
German for "National Socialism." In practice a far-right wing…
British Prime Minister who led Britain throughout most of Wor…
fascism
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power…
Adolf Hitler
Austrian-born founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor…
40 terms
Unit 6 - U.S. History
A. Mitchell Palmer
Sacco and Vanzetti
Calvin Coolidge
John L. Lewis
attorney general during the height of the Red Scare (1919-192…
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1…
(1923-1925) and (1925-1929), taciturn; small government conse…
He was a miner known for creating the United Mine Workers. He…
A. Mitchell Palmer
attorney general during the height of the Red Scare (1919-192…
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1…
484 terms
U.S. History EOC Review
Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, K…
Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
Freedom Riders, 1961
March on Washington, 1963
Supreme Court ruling reversing the policy of segregation from…
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give u…
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through sout…
August - 200,000 demonstrators converged on the Lincoln Memor…
Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, K…
Supreme Court ruling reversing the policy of segregation from…
Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give u…
21 terms
U.S. History Ch. 13
Americanization
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Chisholm Trail
Dawes Act
The process used to force Native Americans to abandon their t…
The federal agency that managed the Native American reservati…
One of the most important routes used to drive cattle from Te…
The law that divided reservation land among individual Native…
Americanization
The process used to force Native Americans to abandon their t…
Bureau of Indian Affairs
The federal agency that managed the Native American reservati…
115 terms
U.S. History Final
Militarism
Allied Powers
Central Powers
No-Man's Land
Glorification of military strength
WWI Alliance of Britain, France, Russia and United States
WWI Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire…
Area between trenches covered with barbed wire, land mines, a…
Militarism
Glorification of military strength
Allied Powers
WWI Alliance of Britain, France, Russia and United States
26 terms
U.S. History Vocabulary
Placer mining
Quartz mining
Henry Comstock
Vigilance Committee
The method of extracting mineral ore by hand using simple too…
The use of digging equipment to access minerals below the sur…
A prospector who failed to find gold and staked a claim in Si…
A volunteer committee to maintain order where an efficient le…
Placer mining
The method of extracting mineral ore by hand using simple too…
Quartz mining
The use of digging equipment to access minerals below the sur…
29 terms
U.S. History Chapter 2
Puritan
enclosure movement
joint-stock company
John Smith
people who wanted to purify the Anglican Church of all Cathol…
when nobles in England fenced their estates and evicted the t…
stockholders pooled money to support big projects
member of Jamestown's governing council who emerged as Jamest…
Puritan
people who wanted to purify the Anglican Church of all Cathol…
enclosure movement
when nobles in England fenced their estates and evicted the t…
12 terms
U.S. History - Politics of Protest
Brown v. The Topeka Board of Education
Black Panthers
Domino Theory
Teach-in
A 1954 supreme court case involving a girl who was denied adm…
A black nationalist organization formed in 1966, which believ…
The belief that if one country fell to Communism, the surroun…
When faculty at the University of Michigan abandoned their cl…
Brown v. The Topeka Board of Education
A 1954 supreme court case involving a girl who was denied adm…
Black Panthers
A black nationalist organization formed in 1966, which believ…
11 terms
U.S. History 1A - Industrialization
Gross National Product (GNP)
Laissez-faire
Entrepreneurs
Tariff
the total value of all goods and services that a country prod…
a French phrase meaning "let the people do as they choose". I…
individuals with a specialized skill who are willing to risk…
a tax on imports or exports.
Gross National Product (GNP)
the total value of all goods and services that a country prod…
Laissez-faire
a French phrase meaning "let the people do as they choose". I…
69 terms
U.S. History Final
Aggressive Nations and Their Leaders
Motivation for Germany's military buil…
Soviet-Nazi Non-Aggression Pact
Appeasement
Germany - Hitler, USSR- Stalin, Italy- Mussolini, Japan -Tojo
The main motivation for Germany's buildup of the military is…
Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler because he was…
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
Aggressive Nations and Their Leaders
Germany - Hitler, USSR- Stalin, Italy- Mussolini, Japan -Tojo
Motivation for Germany's military buil…
The main motivation for Germany's buildup of the military is…
39 terms
Unit 2 - U.S. History
republic
confederation
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shays' Rebellion
A state that is not ruled by a hereditary leader (a monarchy)…
Constitutional arrangement in which sovereign nations or stat…
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River…
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachus…
republic
A state that is not ruled by a hereditary leader (a monarchy)…
confederation
Constitutional arrangement in which sovereign nations or stat…
26 terms
U.S. History - The Progressive Era
muckraker
16th Amendment
17th Amendment
18th Amendment
Journalists who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society
Graduated income tax
direct election of Senators
Prohibition
muckraker
Journalists who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society
16th Amendment
Graduated income tax
13 terms
U2L8 U.S. History
Social Darwinism
Realism
Naturalism
Mark Twain
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by C…
A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painter…
A nineteenth-century literary movement that was an extension…
United States writer and humorist best known for his novels a…
Social Darwinism
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by C…
Realism
A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painter…
12 terms
U.S. History preview
Barack Obama
George Washington
Abraham Lincoln
Declaration of Independence
1st African American president
1st president of the U.S.
president during the Civil War
document severing all ties with British to fight for independ…
Barack Obama
1st African American president
George Washington
1st president of the U.S.
30 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Revival
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional relig…
A religious revival movement; emphasized individual responsib…
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
A New England writer, led a group practicing transcendentalism.
Charles Grandison Finney
The most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional relig…
Second Great Awakening
A religious revival movement; emphasized individual responsib…
50 terms
U.S. History Facts
Jamestown
Declaration of Independence
Constitution of the United States
Thomas Jefferson
first permanent English settlement, was founded in 1607.
was signed on July 4, 1776.
written in 1787.
purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803.
Jamestown
first permanent English settlement, was founded in 1607.
Declaration of Independence
was signed on July 4, 1776.
50 terms
U.S. History Regents
Virginia House of Burgesses
democratic principle in colonial america
The pamphlet common sense
industrialization
established in 1619 by Jamestown. Was Americas first elected…
political equality (leger equality) equality of justice and f…
was written by Thomas Paine, states that it is "common sense"…
Development of a system which supports machine production of…
Virginia House of Burgesses
established in 1619 by Jamestown. Was Americas first elected…
democratic principle in colonial america
political equality (leger equality) equality of justice and f…
24 terms
U.S. History - The Great Depression
Bonus Army
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
farm subsidy
WWI veterans marched on Washington DC for their early bonus c…
32nd President; Democrat who wanted to provide direct aid to…
FDR's wife; travelled the country comforting the poor
government buys farm surplus to keep prices up for farmers
Bonus Army
WWI veterans marched on Washington DC for their early bonus c…
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd President; Democrat who wanted to provide direct aid to…
132 terms
U.S. History
Reconstruction
Jim Crow
Booker T. Washington
W.E.B. DuBois
The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War.
Laws passed after Reconstruction that began a system of legal…
African-American leader who believed equality could be achiev…
African-American leader who believed in full political, civil…
Reconstruction
The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War.
Jim Crow
Laws passed after Reconstruction that began a system of legal…
44 terms
*History -U.S. Presidents
George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
1st U.S. President. 1789-1797. No Party
2nd U.S. President. 1979-1801. Federalist
3rd U.S. President. 1801-1809. Democratic-Republican
4th U.S. President. 1809-1817. Democratic-Republican
George Washington
1st U.S. President. 1789-1797. No Party
John Adams
2nd U.S. President. 1979-1801. Federalist
17 terms
U.S. History - Reconstruction
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Freedmen's Bureau
Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on Decem…
This amendment was adopted on July 9, 1868, and said that sta…
This amendment said that "the right of citizens...to vote sha…
This organization was set up to help former slaves and poor w…
13th Amendment
Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on Decem…
14th Amendment
This amendment was adopted on July 9, 1868, and said that sta…
46 terms
History: U.S. History
M. Palmer
Compromise of 1850
Battle of Chattanooga
Battle of Antietam
Attorney General under Woodrow Wilson, nicknamed the "Fightin…
Prohibited slave trade in the District of Columbia.... Admitted…
Civil War battle at Lookout Mountain
Civil War battle in Maryland in which McClellan defeated Lee
M. Palmer
Attorney General under Woodrow Wilson, nicknamed the "Fightin…
Compromise of 1850
Prohibited slave trade in the District of Columbia.... Admitted…
21 terms
Foundational U.S. History Terms
capitalist
assimilation
commerce
constitution
person who invests capital, or money, in a business to earn a…
process of becoming part of another culture
buying and selling of goods, especially on a large scale
a document that sets out the laws and principles of a governm…
capitalist
person who invests capital, or money, in a business to earn a…
assimilation
process of becoming part of another culture
10 terms
U.S. History - Immigration
push factors
pull factors
America letters
Ellis Island Immigration Station
reasons that cause someone to move to a new place because of…
reasons that cause someone to want to move to a new place bec…
letters that immigrants wrote to family in the old country te…
built on a small island in New York harbor, this was the port…
push factors
reasons that cause someone to move to a new place because of…
pull factors
reasons that cause someone to want to move to a new place bec…
20 terms
U.S. History - Chapter 19
Alliance System
Nationalism
Imperialism
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Agreement between nations to aid and protect one another.
Pride in or devotion to one's country.
When a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation economicall…
His assassination sparked World War I.
Alliance System
Agreement between nations to aid and protect one another.
Nationalism
Pride in or devotion to one's country.
225 terms
U.S. History to 1865
When was the first national census tak…
What percentage of the population were…
True/ False Washington was a reluctant…
Who was in charge of the Departments?
1790
5%
True
1) Department of State: Thomas Jefferson... 2) Department of Tre…
When was the first national census tak…
1790
What percentage of the population were…
5%
20 terms
U.S. History - WWII
Fascism
Appeasement
Holocaust
Concentration Camps
System headed by a dictator, extreme racism & nationalism (ex…
Granting concessions to an enemy to keep the peace
Genocide of 12 million Jews & other groups during WWII
Nazi labor/death centers
Fascism
System headed by a dictator, extreme racism & nationalism (ex…
Appeasement
Granting concessions to an enemy to keep the peace
Mid-Term U.S. History
What were the first two political part…
What territory did the U.S. purchase d…
From what country did President Jeffer…
Who did President Jefferson send to ex…
Democratic-Republican Party and the Federalist Party
Louisiana
France
1) Meriwether Lewis... 2) William Clark
What were the first two political part…
Democratic-Republican Party and the Federalist Party
What territory did the U.S. purchase d…
Louisiana
25 terms
U.S. History Final
Stamp Act
Intolerable Acts
Boston Massacre
Proclamation of 1763
British law that directly taxed the colonists on everyday pap…
Closed the port of Boston, cancelled Massachusetts state gove…
Conflict that broke out between British soldiers and colonist…
Did not allow colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mts.
Stamp Act
British law that directly taxed the colonists on everyday pap…
Intolerable Acts
Closed the port of Boston, cancelled Massachusetts state gove…
12 terms
U.S. History Time Periods
Westward Expansion
Gilded Age
Progressive Era
Age of Imperialism
Miners, Farmers, and Ranchers move west of the Mississippi Ri…
A period of rapid industrialization, urbanization, invention,…
In this era, women gained the right to vote, citizens could d…
The United States emerged as a global power, and acquired ove…
Westward Expansion
Miners, Farmers, and Ranchers move west of the Mississippi Ri…
Gilded Age
A period of rapid industrialization, urbanization, invention,…
87 terms
U.S. History 11
Peter Zenger Trail
Mayflower compact
Virginia house of burgess
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Freedom of the press
self government
steps towards representative democracy
divided land,set up rules for admittance of new states
Peter Zenger Trail
Freedom of the press
Mayflower compact
self government
32 terms
U. S. History: Reconstruction and It's Effects
Freedmen's Bureau Acts... (1865-1866)
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Fourteenth Amendment... (ratified 1868)
Reconstruction Act of 1867
Offered assistance, such as medical aid and education, to fre…
Granted citizenship and equal protection under the law to Afr…
Makes all persons "born or naturalized in the United States"…
Abolished governments formed in the former Confederate states…
Freedmen's Bureau Acts... (1865-1866)
Offered assistance, such as medical aid and education, to fre…
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Granted citizenship and equal protection under the law to Afr…
430 terms
U.S. History Regents Review
Name the oceans that influenced U.S. f…
What did natural harbors contribute to?
What was the role of Appalachian Mount…
What is Proclamation Line of 1763?
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
The development of commerce.... (commerce: business)
The western boundary of British colonial settlements prior to…
A law to draw a border by Great Britain to avoid conflicts be…
Name the oceans that influenced U.S. f…
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
What did natural harbors contribute to?
The development of commerce.... (commerce: business)
30 terms
U.S. History Terms to Know
abolition
acid rain
Affirmative Action
agent orange
anti-slavery movement
airborne industrial wastes in precipitation
special hiring quotas for minorities
toxic chemical defoliants used in the Vietnam War
abolition
anti-slavery movement
acid rain
airborne industrial wastes in precipitation
54 terms
U.S. History Chapter 5
favorite son
corrupt bargain
mudslinging
Missouri Compromise
men who enjoyed the support of leaders from their own state a…
an illegitimate agreement between politicians
criticizing each other's personalities and morals
allowed slavery to expand into Arkansas territory south of Mi…
favorite son
men who enjoyed the support of leaders from their own state a…
corrupt bargain
an illegitimate agreement between politicians
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