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Study sets matching "understanding nutrition"

140 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
140 terms
UNDERSTANDING NUTRITION-CHAPTER 3
-ASE
ABSORPTION
ANTACIDS
ANUS
A WORD DENOTING AN ENZYME. THE WORD BEGINNING OFTEN IDENTIFIE…
THE UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS BY THE CELLS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE F…
MEDICATIONS USED TO RELIEVE INDIGESTION BY NEURTRALIZING ACID…
THE TERMINAL OUTLET OF THE GI TRACT
-ASE
A WORD DENOTING AN ENZYME. THE WORD BEGINNING OFTEN IDENTIFIE…
ABSORPTION
THE UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS BY THE CELLS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE F…
163 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 5
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
The lipid family includes
Triglycerides are most abundant in ___…
lipids are composed of
lipids
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
food, body
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
lipids
The lipid family includes
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
50 terms
Understanding nutrition
The most important nutrient
The 6 classes of nutrients
what percentage of ... carbohydrates shou…
what percentage of protein should your…
Water
water, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
50%
20%
The most important nutrient
Water
The 6 classes of nutrients
water, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
140 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
16 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
What are the macronutrients?
What are the micronutrients?
What nutrients are organic?
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Vitamins ... Fats... Minerals ... Water
Proteins... Carbohydrates ... Fats
Vitamins ... Minerals
Fats ... Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Vitamins
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Vitamins ... Fats... Minerals ... Water
What are the macronutrients?
Proteins... Carbohydrates ... Fats
95 terms
Understanding Nutrition
Chronic vs. Acute Disease symptoms
Reasons people choose the food they eat.
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
chronic is slow, progression and long duration.... Acute is fast…
taste is the number one reason
carbs, fats , proteins
vitamins, minerals
Chronic vs. Acute Disease symptoms
chronic is slow, progression and long duration.... Acute is fast…
Reasons people choose the food they eat.
taste is the number one reason
59 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 4
Carbohydrates
Sugars
Simple Carbohydrates (the sugars)
Complex Carbohydrates (starches and fi…
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms arra…
simple carbohydrates composed of monosaccharides, disaccharid…
monosaccharides and disacchardes.
polysaccharides composed of straight or branches chains of mo…
Carbohydrates
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms arra…
Sugars
simple carbohydrates composed of monosaccharides, disaccharid…
140 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
140 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
6 terms
Understanding Nutrition
5 Key Principles of Human Nutrition
Nutrient Principle Food is a basic nee…
Nutrient Principle Food provides nutri…
Nutrient Principle Some nutrient must…
1. Food is a basic need for humans... 2. Food provides nutrients…
Cant survive more than 8wks without food... Without food, fats s…
Macronutrients: carbohydrates are main source of energy 16kJ/…
Needed for growth and health, cant be manufactured in the bod…
5 Key Principles of Human Nutrition
1. Food is a basic need for humans... 2. Food provides nutrients…
Nutrient Principle Food is a basic nee…
Cant survive more than 8wks without food... Without food, fats s…
103 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3,
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
medications used to prevent or relieve indigestion by suppres…
medications used to relieve indigestion by neutralizing acid…
-ase
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
140 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
110 terms
Understanding Nutrition
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
Two meals are available, each with equ…
Which of the following statements is t…
water
254
Meals with a lower energy density include a wider variety of…
Minerals are inorganic in nature whereas vitamins are organic.
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
water
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
254
110 terms
Understanding Nutrition
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
Two meals are available, each with equ…
Which of the following statements is t…
water
254
Meals with a lower energy density include a wider variety of…
Minerals are inorganic in nature whereas vitamins are organic.
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
water
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
254
110 terms
Understanding Nutrition
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
Two meals are available, each with equ…
Which of the following statements is t…
water
254
Meals with a lower energy density include a wider variety of…
Minerals are inorganic in nature whereas vitamins are organic.
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
water
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
254
54 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 15
fertility
conception
uterus
placenta
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
the muscular organ within which the infant develops before bi…
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in the pregna…
fertility
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
conception
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
76 terms
Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1
Nutrition
Diet
Personal Preference
Habit
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
Choosing food due to taste or flavors. Ex. Sugar and Salt
Choosing foods without making decisions which can be comforti…
Nutrition
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
Diet
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
20 terms
Understanding Nutrition Quiz 3
Disaccharides containing fructose
Chemical alteration that links 2 molec…
Chemical reaction that splits a larger…
A complex carbohydrates in muscle
Sucrose
Condensation
Hydrolysis
Glycogen
Disaccharides containing fructose
Sucrose
Chemical alteration that links 2 molec…
Condensation
40 terms
Understanding Nutrition-Chapter 13 terms
Trace Minerals
Iron
Cofactor
Myoglobin
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
an essential trace mineral that is needed for the transport o…
a small, inorganic or organic substance that facilitates the…
the oxygen-holding protein of the muscle cells
Trace Minerals
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
Iron
an essential trace mineral that is needed for the transport o…
138 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3
digestion
absorption
below the lungs lies the ____ food mus…
before the digestive enzymes can work…
the process in which food is broken down into absorbable units
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
diaphragm
broken down into particles and suspended in liquid so all par…
digestion
the process in which food is broken down into absorbable units
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
60 terms
Understanding Nutrition Ch. 12
Water Balance
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Interstitial Fluid
balance between water intake and output
fluid within the cells, usually high in potassium and phospha…
fluid outside the cells, 2 parts- interstitial fluid and intr…
fluid between cells, usually high in sodium and chloride
Water Balance
balance between water intake and output
Intracellular Fluid
fluid within the cells, usually high in potassium and phospha…
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 2
trans fat-free (used on food labels)
added sugars
adequacy (dietary)
balance (dietary)
less than 0.5 gram of trans fat and less than 0.5 gram of sat…
sugars and other kcaloric sweeteners that are added to foods…
providing all the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy in a…
providing foods in proportion to one another and in proportio…
trans fat-free (used on food labels)
less than 0.5 gram of trans fat and less than 0.5 gram of sat…
added sugars
sugars and other kcaloric sweeteners that are added to foods…
Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1
Nutrition
Diet
Personal Preference
Habit
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
Choosing food due to taste or flavors. Ex. Sugar and Salt
Choosing foods without making decisions which can be comforti…
Nutrition
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
Diet
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
103 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
medications used to prevent or relieve indigestion by suppres…
medications used to relieve indigestion by neutralizing acid…
-ase
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
64 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 19
hazard
toxicity
risk
safety
a source of danger; used to refer to circumstances in which h…
the ability of a substance to harm living organisms. all subs…
a measure of probability and severity of harm
the condition of being free from harm or danger
hazard
a source of danger; used to refer to circumstances in which h…
toxicity
the ability of a substance to harm living organisms. all subs…
34 terms
Understanding Nutrition - Intro to Nutrition
Foodways
Factors that determine eating patterns…
Essential
non essential
behavior,... patterns
cultural,... generational
not made by body
made by body
Foodways
behavior,... patterns
Factors that determine eating patterns…
cultural,... generational
163 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 5
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
The lipid family includes
Triglycerides are most abundant in ___…
lipids are composed of
lipids
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
food, body
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
lipids
The lipid family includes
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
107 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 4
simple carbohydrates
complex carbohydrates
most of the monosaccharides important…
carbohydrates
monosaccharides and disaccharides
polysaccharides
hexoses, sugars with six atoms of carbon and formula C6H12O6
compounds composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen arranged as…
simple carbohydrates
monosaccharides and disaccharides
complex carbohydrates
polysaccharides
163 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 5
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
The lipid family includes
Triglycerides are most abundant in ___…
lipids are composed of
lipids
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
food, body
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
lipids
The lipid family includes
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
49 terms
understanding nutrition exam 1
Which of the following is not a charac…
which of the following is a byproduct…
what is the primary storage of glucose…
which of the following is an example o…
D. it is sweeter than sucrose
water
glycogen
cellulose bonds are not hydrolyzed by human enzymes
Which of the following is not a charac…
D. it is sweeter than sucrose
which of the following is a byproduct…
water
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 1
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution…
accredited
Adequate Intake (AI)
professional organization of dietitians in the United States;…
ranges of intakes for the energy nutrients that provide adequ…
approved; in the case of medical centers or universities, cer…
the average daily amount of a nutrient that appears sufficien…
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
professional organization of dietitians in the United States;…
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution…
ranges of intakes for the energy nutrients that provide adequ…
52 terms
Understanding Nutrition - chapter 12
adrenal glands
aldosterone
angiotensin I
angiotensin II
glands adjacent to, and just above, each kidney.
a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that regulates blood…
an inactive precursor that is converted by an enzyme to yield…
a hormone involved in blood pressure regulation.
adrenal glands
glands adjacent to, and just above, each kidney.
aldosterone
a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that regulates blood…
31 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 1
Nutrition
Inorganic
Organic
Energy- yielding nutrients
a source of materials to nourish the body
not containing carbon or pertaining to living things
A substance or molecule containing carbon, carbon bonds, or c…
The nutrients that break down to yield energy the body can us…
Nutrition
a source of materials to nourish the body
Inorganic
not containing carbon or pertaining to living things
56 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 4
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbs
Complex carbs (starches and fibers)
Monosaccharides
compounds co, compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
monosaccharides and disacchardes.
polysaccharides composed of straight or branches chains of mo…
single sugars, single sugar molecules. Carbs of the general f…
Carbohydrates
compounds co, compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
Simple Carbs
monosaccharides and disacchardes.
49 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 7
acetaldehyde (ass-et-AL-duh-hide)
acetyl CoA (ASS-eh-teel, or ah-SEET-il…
aerobic (air-ROE-bic)
alcohol
an intermediate in alcohol metabolism.
a 2-carbon compound (acetate, or acetic acid to which a molec…
requiring oxygen.
a class of organic compounds containing hydroxyl (OH) groups.
acetaldehyde (ass-et-AL-duh-hide)
an intermediate in alcohol metabolism.
acetyl CoA (ASS-eh-teel, or ah-SEET-il…
a 2-carbon compound (acetate, or acetic acid to which a molec…
50 terms
Understanding Nutrition - Chapter 11
vitamin A
beta-carotene
retinol
retinal
all naturally occurring compounds with the biological activit…
one of the carotenoids, an orange pigment and vitamin A precu…
the alcohol form of vitamin A
the aldehyde form of vitamin A
vitamin A
all naturally occurring compounds with the biological activit…
beta-carotene
one of the carotenoids, an orange pigment and vitamin A precu…
86 terms
Understanding Nutrition chapter 11
Precursor
Vitamin A
Retinol
Beta cerotene
A compound that can be converted into an active vitamin
All naturaly occurring compounds with the biological activity…
The alcohol form of vitamin A
One of the carotenoids; an orange pigment and vitamin A precu…
Precursor
A compound that can be converted into an active vitamin
Vitamin A
All naturaly occurring compounds with the biological activity…
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 2
6 Diet Planning Principles
Adequacy
Balance
kCalorie
Adequacy, Balance, kCalorie, Nutrient Density, Moderation, Va…
Providing all the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy in a…
Providing foods in proprtion to one another and in proportion…
Management of food energy intake
6 Diet Planning Principles
Adequacy, Balance, kCalorie, Nutrient Density, Moderation, Va…
Adequacy
Providing all the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy in a…
28 terms
Understanding Nutrition: Chapter 18
Sarcopenia
Nutrients of concern for aging adults
Atrophic Gastritis
Nutrition recommendations for vision c…
Older adults who are active weight less, have greater flexibi…
Dehydration is a risk. Energy needs decline by 5% per decade.…
Chronic inflammation of the stomach characterized by inadequa…
Foods containing phytochemicals that act as antioxidants or a…
Sarcopenia
Older adults who are active weight less, have greater flexibi…
Nutrients of concern for aging adults
Dehydration is a risk. Energy needs decline by 5% per decade.…
97 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells o…
medications used to prevent or relieve…
medications used to relieve indigestio…
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The…
-ase
the uptake of nutrients by the cells o…
absorption
38 terms
Understanding Nutrition: Chapter 8
Amenorrhea
Anorexia nervosa
Binge-eating disorder
Bulimia nervosa
the absence of or cessation of menstruation. Primary amenorrh…
an eating disorder characterized by a refusal to maintain a m…
an eating disorder with criteria similar to those of bulimia…
an eating disorder characterized by repeated episodes of bing…
Amenorrhea
the absence of or cessation of menstruation. Primary amenorrh…
Anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by a refusal to maintain a m…
92 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 5
A compound composed of carbon, hydroge…
A food that represents a visible fat w…
In which form are most dietary lipids…
A common feature of the plant sterols…
triglyceride
butter
triglyceride
inhibit absorption of dietary cholesterol
A compound composed of carbon, hydroge…
triglyceride
A food that represents a visible fat w…
butter
21 terms
Nutritional Understanding
Nutrition
4 Micronutrients
2 Micronutrients
Macronutrients
A discipline which studies the relationship between food and…
Fat, Water, Protein and Carbohydrates
Vitamins and minerals
A substance required in relatively large amounts by living or…
Nutrition
A discipline which studies the relationship between food and…
4 Micronutrients
Fat, Water, Protein and Carbohydrates
44 terms
Understanding Nutrition - Chapter 13
trace minerals
bioavailability
iron
cofactor
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed an…
an essential trace mineral that is needed for the transport o…
a small, inorganic substance that facilitates the action of a…
trace minerals
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
bioavailability
the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed an…
34 terms
Understanding Nutrition chapter 13
chelate
contamination iron
cretinism
enteropancreatic circulation
a substance that can grasp the positive ions of a mineral.
iron found in foods as the result of contamination by inorgan…
a congenital disease characterized by mental and physical ret…
the circulatory route from the pancreas to the small intestin…
chelate
a substance that can grasp the positive ions of a mineral.
contamination iron
iron found in foods as the result of contamination by inorgan…
Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1
Hypothesis
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
Controls
19
In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem i…
The ____ for nutrients are generally designed to meet the nee…
In an experiment, the subjects are similar in all respects ex…
A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 k…
Hypothesis
In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem i…
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
The ____ for nutrients are generally designed to meet the nee…
107 terms
Understanding Nutrition chapter 12
Water consists of % percent of an adul…
Hypothalamus
Metabolic water
Intracellular balance
60
A brain center that controls activities such as water balance…
The balance between water intake and output
Fluid within the cells, usually high in potassium and phospha…
Water consists of % percent of an adul…
60
Hypothalamus
A brain center that controls activities such as water balance…
19 terms
UNDERSTANDING NUTRITION - CHAPTER 9
adiponectin
behavior modification
brown adipose tissue
cellulite (SELL-you-light or SELL-you-…
a protein produced by the fat cells that inhibits inflammatio…
the changing of behavior by the manipulation of antecedents (…
masses of specialized fat cells packed with pigmented mitocho…
supposedly, a lumpy form of fat; actually, a fraud. Fatty are…
adiponectin
a protein produced by the fat cells that inhibits inflammatio…
behavior modification
the changing of behavior by the manipulation of antecedents (…
16 terms
Understanding Nutrition - Chapter 9
weight management
epidemic
lipoprotein lipase (LPL)
set point
maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing grad…
the appearances of a disease or condition that attacks any pe…
an enzyme that hydrolyzes triglycerides passing by in the blo…
the point at which controls are set (example: thermostat). th…
weight management
maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing grad…
epidemic
the appearances of a disease or condition that attacks any pe…
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