Study sets matching "understanding nutrition"

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140 terms
UNDERSTANDING NUTRITION-CHAPTER 3
-ASE
ABSORPTION
ANTACIDS
ANUS
A WORD DENOTING AN ENZYME. THE WORD BEGINNING OFTEN IDENTIFIE…
THE UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS BY THE CELLS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE F…
MEDICATIONS USED TO RELIEVE INDIGESTION BY NEURTRALIZING ACID…
THE TERMINAL OUTLET OF THE GI TRACT
-ASE
A WORD DENOTING AN ENZYME. THE WORD BEGINNING OFTEN IDENTIFIE…
ABSORPTION
THE UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS BY THE CELLS OF THE SMALL INTESTINE F…
50 terms
Understanding nutrition
The most important nutrient
The 6 classes of nutrients
what percentage of ... carbohydrates shou…
what percentage of protein should your…
Water
water, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
50%
20%
The most important nutrient
Water
The 6 classes of nutrients
water, minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids
163 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 5
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
The lipid family includes
Triglycerides are most abundant in ___…
lipids are composed of
lipids
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
food, body
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Fat refers to a class of nutrients cal…
lipids
The lipid family includes
triglycerides(fats and oils) phospholipids and sterols
138 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3
digestion
absorption
below the lungs lies the ____ food mus…
before the digestive enzymes can work…
the process in which food is broken down into absorbable units
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
diaphragm
broken down into particles and suspended in liquid so all par…
digestion
the process in which food is broken down into absorbable units
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
20 terms
Understanding Nutrition Quiz 3
Disaccharides containing fructose
Chemical alteration that links 2 molec…
Chemical reaction that splits a larger…
A complex carbohydrates in muscle
Sucrose
Condensation
Hydrolysis
Glycogen
Disaccharides containing fructose
Sucrose
Chemical alteration that links 2 molec…
Condensation
Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1
Nutrition
Diet
Personal Preference
Habit
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
Choosing food due to taste or flavors. Ex. Sugar and Salt
Choosing foods without making decisions which can be comforti…
Nutrition
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
Diet
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
16 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
What are the macronutrients?
What are the micronutrients?
What nutrients are organic?
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Vitamins ... Fats... Minerals ... Water
Proteins... Carbohydrates ... Fats
Vitamins ... Minerals
Fats ... Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Vitamins
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Vitamins ... Fats... Minerals ... Water
What are the macronutrients?
Proteins... Carbohydrates ... Fats
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 2
trans fat-free (used on food labels)
added sugars
adequacy (dietary)
balance (dietary)
less than 0.5 gram of trans fat and less than 0.5 gram of sat…
sugars and other kcaloric sweeteners that are added to foods…
providing all the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy in a…
providing foods in proportion to one another and in proportio…
trans fat-free (used on food labels)
less than 0.5 gram of trans fat and less than 0.5 gram of sat…
added sugars
sugars and other kcaloric sweeteners that are added to foods…
Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1
Nutrition
Diet
Personal Preference
Habit
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
Choosing food due to taste or flavors. Ex. Sugar and Salt
Choosing foods without making decisions which can be comforti…
Nutrition
The science of foods and the nutrients and other substances t…
Diet
The foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
95 terms
Understanding Nutrition
Chronic vs. Acute Disease symptoms
Reasons people choose the food they eat.
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
chronic is slow, progression and long duration.... Acute is fast…
taste is the number one reason
carbs, fats , proteins
vitamins, minerals
Chronic vs. Acute Disease symptoms
chronic is slow, progression and long duration.... Acute is fast…
Reasons people choose the food they eat.
taste is the number one reason
107 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 4
simple carbohydrates
complex carbohydrates
most of the monosaccharides important…
carbohydrates
monosaccharides and disaccharides
polysaccharides
hexoses, sugars with six atoms of carbon and formula C6H12O6
compounds composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen arranged as…
simple carbohydrates
monosaccharides and disaccharides
complex carbohydrates
polysaccharides
49 terms
understanding nutrition exam 1
Which of the following is not a charac…
which of the following is a byproduct…
what is the primary storage of glucose…
which of the following is an example o…
D. it is sweeter than sucrose
water
glycogen
cellulose bonds are not hydrolyzed by human enzymes
Which of the following is not a charac…
D. it is sweeter than sucrose
which of the following is a byproduct…
water
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 1
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution…
accredited
Adequate Intake (AI)
professional organization of dietitians in the United States;…
ranges of intakes for the energy nutrients that provide adequ…
approved; in the case of medical centers or universities, cer…
the average daily amount of a nutrient that appears sufficien…
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
professional organization of dietitians in the United States;…
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution…
ranges of intakes for the energy nutrients that provide adequ…
Understanding Nutrition-Chapter 13 terms
Trace Minerals
Iron
Cofactor
Myoglobin
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
an essential trace mineral that is needed for the transport o…
a small, inorganic or organic substance that facilitates the…
the oxygen-holding protein of the muscle cells
Trace Minerals
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
Iron
an essential trace mineral that is needed for the transport o…
59 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 4
Carbohydrates
Sugars
Simple Carbohydrates (the sugars)
Complex Carbohydrates (starches and fi…
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms arra…
simple carbohydrates composed of monosaccharides, disaccharid…
monosaccharides and disacchardes.
polysaccharides composed of straight or branches chains of mo…
Carbohydrates
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms arra…
Sugars
simple carbohydrates composed of monosaccharides, disaccharid…
140 terms
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
110 terms
Understanding Nutrition
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
Two meals are available, each with equ…
Which of the following statements is t…
water
254
Meals with a lower energy density include a wider variety of…
Minerals are inorganic in nature whereas vitamins are organic.
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
water
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
254
Understanding Nutrition
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
Two meals are available, each with equ…
Which of the following statements is t…
water
254
Meals with a lower energy density include a wider variety of…
Minerals are inorganic in nature whereas vitamins are organic.
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
water
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
254
107 terms
Understanding Nutrition chapter 12
Water consists of % percent of an adul…
Hypothalamus
Metabolic water
Intracellular balance
60
A brain center that controls activities such as water balance…
The balance between water intake and output
Fluid within the cells, usually high in potassium and phospha…
Water consists of % percent of an adul…
60
Hypothalamus
A brain center that controls activities such as water balance…
UNDERSTANDING NUTRITION - CHAPTER 9
adiponectin
behavior modification
brown adipose tissue
cellulite (SELL-you-light or SELL-you-…
a protein produced by the fat cells that inhibits inflammatio…
the changing of behavior by the manipulation of antecedents (…
masses of specialized fat cells packed with pigmented mitocho…
supposedly, a lumpy form of fat; actually, a fraud. Fatty are…
adiponectin
a protein produced by the fat cells that inhibits inflammatio…
behavior modification
the changing of behavior by the manipulation of antecedents (…
52 terms
Understanding Nutrition - chapter 12
adrenal glands
aldosterone
angiotensin I
angiotensin II
glands adjacent to, and just above, each kidney.
a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that regulates blood…
an inactive precursor that is converted by an enzyme to yield…
a hormone involved in blood pressure regulation.
adrenal glands
glands adjacent to, and just above, each kidney.
aldosterone
a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that regulates blood…
56 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 4
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbs
Complex carbs (starches and fibers)
Monosaccharides
compounds co, compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
monosaccharides and disacchardes.
polysaccharides composed of straight or branches chains of mo…
single sugars, single sugar molecules. Carbs of the general f…
Carbohydrates
compounds co, compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
Simple Carbs
monosaccharides and disacchardes.
49 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 7
acetaldehyde (ass-et-AL-duh-hide)
acetyl CoA (ASS-eh-teel, or ah-SEET-il…
aerobic (air-ROE-bic)
alcohol
an intermediate in alcohol metabolism.
a 2-carbon compound (acetate, or acetic acid to which a molec…
requiring oxygen.
a class of organic compounds containing hydroxyl (OH) groups.
acetaldehyde (ass-et-AL-duh-hide)
an intermediate in alcohol metabolism.
acetyl CoA (ASS-eh-teel, or ah-SEET-il…
a 2-carbon compound (acetate, or acetic acid to which a molec…
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 1
Nutrition
Inorganic
Organic
Energy- yielding nutrients
a source of materials to nourish the body
not containing carbon or pertaining to living things
A substance or molecule containing carbon, carbon bonds, or c…
The nutrients that break down to yield energy the body can us…
Nutrition
a source of materials to nourish the body
Inorganic
not containing carbon or pertaining to living things
86 terms
Understanding Nutrition chapter 11
Precursor
Vitamin A
Retinol
Beta cerotene
A compound that can be converted into an active vitamin
All naturaly occurring compounds with the biological activity…
The alcohol form of vitamin A
One of the carotenoids; an orange pigment and vitamin A precu…
Precursor
A compound that can be converted into an active vitamin
Vitamin A
All naturaly occurring compounds with the biological activity…
42 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 9
weight management
an estimated 66% of adults in the US a…
hyperplastic obesity
hypertrophic obesity
maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing grad…
over weight or obese
obesity due to an increase in the number of fat cells
obesity due to an increase in the size of the fat cells
weight management
maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing grad…
an estimated 66% of adults in the US a…
over weight or obese
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 2
6 Diet Planning Principles
Adequacy
Balance
kCalorie
Adequacy, Balance, kCalorie, Nutrient Density, Moderation, Va…
Providing all the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy in a…
Providing foods in proprtion to one another and in proportion…
Management of food energy intake
6 Diet Planning Principles
Adequacy, Balance, kCalorie, Nutrient Density, Moderation, Va…
Adequacy
Providing all the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy in a…
Understanding Nutrition - Chapter 11
vitamin A
beta-carotene
retinol
retinal
all naturally occurring compounds with the biological activit…
one of the carotenoids, an orange pigment and vitamin A precu…
the alcohol form of vitamin A
the aldehyde form of vitamin A
vitamin A
all naturally occurring compounds with the biological activit…
beta-carotene
one of the carotenoids, an orange pigment and vitamin A precu…
97 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells o…
medications used to prevent or relieve…
medications used to relieve indigestio…
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The…
-ase
the uptake of nutrients by the cells o…
absorption
28 terms
Understanding Nutrition: Chapter 18
Sarcopenia
Nutrients of concern for aging adults
Atrophic Gastritis
Nutrition recommendations for vision c…
Older adults who are active weight less, have greater flexibi…
Dehydration is a risk. Energy needs decline by 5% per decade.…
Chronic inflammation of the stomach characterized by inadequa…
Foods containing phytochemicals that act as antioxidants or a…
Sarcopenia
Older adults who are active weight less, have greater flexibi…
Nutrients of concern for aging adults
Dehydration is a risk. Energy needs decline by 5% per decade.…
Understanding Nutrition, Chapter 8
energy balance
3500 Kcalories
50,000 to 200,000 calories
Bomb calorimeter
Energy in + Energy out
one pound of body fat equals
Body fat stores of a healthy person provides a reserve of
an instrument that measures the heat energy released when foo…
energy balance
Energy in + Energy out
3500 Kcalories
one pound of body fat equals
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3,
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
medications used to prevent or relieve indigestion by suppres…
medications used to relieve indigestion by neutralizing acid…
-ase
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
Understanding Nutrition - Chapter 13
trace minerals
bioavailability
iron
cofactor
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed an…
an essential trace mineral that is needed for the transport o…
a small, inorganic substance that facilitates the action of a…
trace minerals
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
bioavailability
the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed an…
Understanding Nutrition
What represents a food choice based on…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
What is an example of a micronutrient?
Approximately how many nutrients are c…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
Water
Vitamin C
40
What represents a food choice based on…
An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sa…
By chemical analysis, what nutrient is…
Water
92 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 5
A compound composed of carbon, hydroge…
A food that represents a visible fat w…
In which form are most dietary lipids…
A common feature of the plant sterols…
triglyceride
butter
triglyceride
inhibit absorption of dietary cholesterol
A compound composed of carbon, hydroge…
triglyceride
A food that represents a visible fat w…
butter
34 terms
Understanding Nutrition chapter 13
chelate
contamination iron
cretinism
enteropancreatic circulation
a substance that can grasp the positive ions of a mineral.
iron found in foods as the result of contamination by inorgan…
a congenital disease characterized by mental and physical ret…
the circulatory route from the pancreas to the small intestin…
chelate
a substance that can grasp the positive ions of a mineral.
contamination iron
iron found in foods as the result of contamination by inorgan…
110 terms
Understanding Nutrition
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
Two meals are available, each with equ…
Which of the following statements is t…
water
254
Meals with a lower energy density include a wider variety of…
Minerals are inorganic in nature whereas vitamins are organic.
When considering chemical analysis, wh…
water
A person eats 8 grams of protein, 25 g…
254
Understanding Nutrition - Chapter 9
weight management
epidemic
lipoprotein lipase (LPL)
set point
maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing grad…
the appearances of a disease or condition that attacks any pe…
an enzyme that hydrolyzes triglycerides passing by in the blo…
the point at which controls are set (example: thermostat). th…
weight management
maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing grad…
epidemic
the appearances of a disease or condition that attacks any pe…
Understanding Nutrition- Chapter 1
Hypothesis
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
Controls
19
In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem i…
The ____ for nutrients are generally designed to meet the nee…
In an experiment, the subjects are similar in all respects ex…
A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 k…
Hypothesis
In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem i…
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
The ____ for nutrients are generally designed to meet the nee…
105 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 2
Diet Planning Principles
adequacy (dietary)
Balance
meat, fish and poultry are rich in____…
Adequacy... Balance... kCalories control... Nutrient Density... Moderatio…
providing all of the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy i…
the art of balancing the diet involves consuming enough but n…
iron, calcium
Diet Planning Principles
Adequacy... Balance... kCalories control... Nutrient Density... Moderatio…
adequacy (dietary)
providing all of the essential nutrients, fiber, and energy i…
80 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 13
bioavailability
trace minerals
cofactor
hemoglobin
refers to the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is a…
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
is a substance that works with an enzyme to facilitate a chem…
is the oxygen-carrying protein of the red blood cells that tr…
bioavailability
refers to the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is a…
trace minerals
essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relati…
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 3
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
medications used to prevent or relieve indigestion by suppres…
medications used to relieve indigestion by neutralizing acid…
-ase
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
34 terms
Understanding Nutrition - Intro to Nutrition
Foodways
Factors that determine eating patterns…
Essential
non essential
behavior,... patterns
cultural,... generational
not made by body
made by body
Foodways
behavior,... patterns
Factors that determine eating patterns…
cultural,... generational
54 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 15
fertility
conception
uterus
placenta
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
the muscular organ within which the infant develops before bi…
the organ that develops inside the uterus early in the pregna…
fertility
the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically…
conception
the reunion of the male sperm and the female ovum; fertilizat…
54 terms
Understanding nutrition chapter 6
Proteins
Amino Acids
Nonessential amino acid
Conditionally essential amino acid
contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Arranged int…
building blocks of protein. Each contains an amino group, an…
amino acids that the body can make
an amino acid that is normally nonessential, but must be supp…
Proteins
contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Arranged int…
Amino Acids
building blocks of protein. Each contains an amino group, an…
21 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 7
Photosynthesis
Fuel
Metabolism
Anabolism
the process when green plants use the suns energy to make car…
Compounds that cells use for energy. Such as glucose, fatty a…
sum total of all chemical reactions that go on in living cell…
reactions that are built up and require energy
Photosynthesis
the process when green plants use the suns energy to make car…
Fuel
Compounds that cells use for energy. Such as glucose, fatty a…
10 terms
Understanding Nutrition: Chapter 19
Infection vs. Intoxication: Food borne…
Methods to prevent illness
HACCP
Pasteurization
Infection: caused by eating foods contaminated by infectious…
Clean, separate, cook, chill.
Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points: a systematic plan to…
heat processing of food that inactivates some, but not all, m…
Infection vs. Intoxication: Food borne…
Infection: caused by eating foods contaminated by infectious…
Methods to prevent illness
Clean, separate, cook, chill.
18 terms
Understanding Nutrition Chapter 2
Adequacy
Balance of a diet
kCalorie Energy Control
Nutrient Density
The diet provides all the essential nutrients, fiber, and ene…
Consuming enough but not too much of each type of food.
Energy in = energy out.
A measure of the nutrients a food provides relative to the en…
Adequacy
The diet provides all the essential nutrients, fiber, and ene…
Balance of a diet
Consuming enough but not too much of each type of food.
45 terms
Understanding Nutrition CH 9
Maintaining body weight in a healthy r…
Major heath concern in the united stat…
66% of adults in the US are considered
33% of children and adolescents are
weight management
Obesity
Overweight or Obese (BMI >25)
Obese
Maintaining body weight in a healthy r…
weight management
Major heath concern in the united stat…
Obesity
48 terms
Understanding nutrition chapter 5
Lipids
Fatty acid
Monounsaturated fatty acid
Point of saturation
a family of compounds that includes Triglycerides, Phospolipi…
an organic compound composed of a carbon chain with hydrogens…
a fatty acid that lacks two hydrogen atoms and has one double…
the double bond of a fatty acid where hydrogen atoms can easi…
Lipids
a family of compounds that includes Triglycerides, Phospolipi…
Fatty acid
an organic compound composed of a carbon chain with hydrogens…
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