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Study sets matching "unit 1 ap biology"

44 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Water
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
adhesion
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
Water molecules sticking to other surfaces.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
electronegativity
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
70 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
56 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1
Why are water molecules polar?
What are the 4 properties of water?
Cohesive behavior
Adhesion
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
the linking of like molecules; water molecules stick together…
water molecules stick to other molecules
Why are water molecules polar?
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
What are the 4 properties of water?
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
45 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Water
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
101 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
cohesion
adhesion
specific heat
hydrogen bonding
molecules stick together
attraction between different substances
amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of subst…
water's high specific heat is a result of ___
cohesion
molecules stick together
adhesion
attraction between different substances
124 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
How many natural elements are there?
What are the four main elements that m…
What element is all life based on?
What elements make up the rest?
92
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen
carbon
potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, calcium (kpsc-king Phillip sin…
How many natural elements are there?
92
What are the four main elements that m…
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen
115 terms
AP BIOLOGY: UNIT 1
abiotic
biomass
protobiont
enzymes
non-living
dry weight of an organism
first life form
biological catalyst for chemical reactions
abiotic
non-living
biomass
dry weight of an organism
202 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1
What is an atom?
What composes an atom?
What is a proton?
What is an electron?
smallest unit of matter that retains it properties
neutrons, protons, electron
a positively charged particle inside of the nucleus
a negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
What is an atom?
smallest unit of matter that retains it properties
What composes an atom?
neutrons, protons, electron
97 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1
List Characteristics of living things
Science
Biology
Organism
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
The study of all things living
An individual plant, animal, or single cell life form
List Characteristics of living things
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Science
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
49 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary
homologous structures
vestigial structures
convergent evolution
Hardy-Weinberg
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
the independent evolution of similar features in different li…
the frequencies of alleles and genotypes in a population will…
homologous structures
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
vestigial structures
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
AP Biology Unit 1 - Biochemistry
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Fatty Acid
Molecule that can bond with other similar molecules
Molecule consisting of multiple monomers
Monomer of Carbohydrates
Monomer of Triglycerides, Phospholipids, Cholestoral
Monomer
Molecule that can bond with other similar molecules
Polymer
Molecule consisting of multiple monomers
AP Biology Unit 1
Tracer
Radioactive Decay
Shell
Orbital
Any molecule with a detectable substance attached.
Occurs Independently; Atoms of radioisotopes emit subatomic p…
Each energy level. "All the rooms on one floor of a hotel." 2…
Volumes of space around the nucleus of an atom.
Tracer
Any molecule with a detectable substance attached.
Radioactive Decay
Occurs Independently; Atoms of radioisotopes emit subatomic p…
167 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Evolution
Biology
Emergent Properties
The Levels of Biological Organization
The process of change that has transformed life from its begi…
The scientific study of life; of the Earth
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
1. The Biosphere... 2. Ecosystems... 3. Communities ... 4. Populations…
Evolution
The process of change that has transformed life from its begi…
Biology
The scientific study of life; of the Earth
41 terms
Ap Biology Unit 1
Emergent Property
All Living Things
Homeostasis
Achaea
Characteristics of a system that does not appear in any of it…
Continual input of energy, sense to respond and change, use i…
By sensing and adjusting to change organisms keep conditions…
Single celled organism without a nucleus
Emergent Property
Characteristics of a system that does not appear in any of it…
All Living Things
Continual input of energy, sense to respond and change, use i…
95 terms
AP Biology-Unit 1 Biochemistry Review
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: -lysis
proton charge
proton mass in amu.
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
+1,
1
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: -lysis
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
46 terms
AP Biology Unit 1: The Chemistry of Life
polar covalent bond
hydrogen bond
specific heat
evaporative cooling
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
The amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of a…
The process in which the surface of an object becomes cooler…
polar covalent bond
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond that is formed when the slightly…
75 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Evolution
Energy
Information
Interactions
drives diversity and unity of life
biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building…
living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to infor…
biological systems interact and these systems and their inter…
Evolution
drives diversity and unity of life
Energy
biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building…
29 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Condensation Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Glucose
Fructose
Loss of a water molecules between two monomers to form a cova…
Breaking the covalent bond between monomers by adding a water…
Mono,
Mono,
Condensation Synthesis
Loss of a water molecules between two monomers to form a cova…
Hydrolysis
Breaking the covalent bond between monomers by adding a water…
63 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Cohesion
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Property of a substance that arises from the tendency of its…
Attraction between a covalently bonded hydrogen atom and anot…
Describes a substance that dissolves easily in water.
Describes a substance that resists dissolving in water.
Cohesion
Property of a substance that arises from the tendency of its…
Hydrogen bond
Attraction between a covalently bonded hydrogen atom and anot…
28 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
hydroxyl
carbonyl
carboxyl
amine
OH
CO
COOH
NH₂
hydroxyl
OH
carbonyl
CO
59 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
altruism
associative learning
behavior
behavioral ecology
selfless behavior in animals. behavior that reduces the fitne…
associating one feature to another. pavlov's dogs.
a response carried out by muscles in response to a stimulus
the study of the ecological and evolutionary basis for animal…
altruism
selfless behavior in animals. behavior that reduces the fitne…
associative learning
associating one feature to another. pavlov's dogs.
71 terms
Unit 1 AP Biology
Polymer
Free energy
Monomer
Bond
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a syst…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
the electromagnetic attraction between polar molecules in whi…
Polymer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly…
Free energy
a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a syst…
101 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
cohesion
adhesion
specific heat
hydrogen bonding
molecules stick together
attraction between different substances
amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of subst…
water's high specific heat is a result of ___
cohesion
molecules stick together
adhesion
attraction between different substances
81 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
150 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Three Domains
Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya
Bacteria... Archaea... Eukarya
- Prokaryotic cells... - no membrane bound organelles... - All bioc…
- Prokaryotic cells... - no membrane bound organelles... - All bioc…
Eukaryotic cells... - have many types of membrane bound organell…
Three Domains
Bacteria... Archaea... Eukarya
Bacteria
- Prokaryotic cells... - no membrane bound organelles... - All bioc…
57 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1 Water & Biochem
Why are water molecules polar?
What are the 4 properties of water?
Cohesive behavior
Adhesion
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
the linking of like molecules; water molecules stick together…
water molecules stick to other molecules
Why are water molecules polar?
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
What are the 4 properties of water?
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
26 terms
Unit 1 - AP Biology
Nucleotide
Pyrimidines (NA)
Purines (NA)
Sugar - Deoxyribose (NA)
3 parts
Cytosine (C)... Thymine (T, in DNA)... Uracil (U, in RNA)
Adenine (A)... Guanine (G)
2nd Carbon has an H
Nucleotide
3 parts
Pyrimidines (NA)
Cytosine (C)... Thymine (T, in DNA)... Uracil (U, in RNA)
79 terms
Unit 1 AP Biology
Why are water molecules polar?
Why are water molecules capable of hyd…
List 4 characteristics of water that a…
How does cohesion contribute to life o…
cohesion, moderation of temperature, insulation of bodies of…
transpiration (water from roots reaches leaves through networ…
Why are water molecules polar?
Why are water molecules capable of hyd…
63 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
C, H, O, N, P, S
Trace elements
Chemical bonds
Covalent bonds
Elements that make up 96% of living matter
Elements required by an organism in only small quantities
Interactions between valence electrons of different atoms
Valence electrons are shared between two atoms to create this…
C, H, O, N, P, S
Elements that make up 96% of living matter
Trace elements
Elements required by an organism in only small quantities
81 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1
Matter
Element
Compound
C,H,O,N
Anything that takes up space
Substance that can't be broken down to other substances by a…
Substance consisting of two+ elements in a fixed ratio
Makes up 96% of living Matter
Matter
Anything that takes up space
Element
Substance that can't be broken down to other substances by a…
53 terms
AP Biology Unit 1: The Cell Structure, Transport and Osmoregulation
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
Control center of the cell, contains DNA
Site of protein synthesis
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
87 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Review
Evolution
Genes
Theory
Inquiry
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth
units of inheritance that transmit information from parents t…
supported by all available evidence- natural selection is an…
the search for information and explanation
Evolution
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth
Genes
units of inheritance that transmit information from parents t…
53 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocab
Homeostasis
Emergent properties
Deductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning
The maintenance of a relatively stable internal physiological…
Novel properties arising from the way in which components int…
The logical application of general principles to predict a sp…
The logical application of specific observations to make a ge…
Homeostasis
The maintenance of a relatively stable internal physiological…
Emergent properties
Novel properties arising from the way in which components int…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
53 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
photosynthesis begins with ___________…
segments of DNA code build ____________
ONLY these types of cells have a nucle…
BOTH pokraytoic and eukarytoic cells h…
light; chemical
proteins
eukaryotic
membrane; DNA
photosynthesis begins with ___________…
light; chemical
segments of DNA code build ____________
proteins
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary 1
Fire Blanket
Fire Extinguisher
Eye Wash Station
Fume Hood
A blanket made of specially-treated fabric that is used if cl…
An active fire protection device used to extinguish small fir…
Station to wash and clean eyes if any harmful substances come…
A device that draws contaminated air out of an area and eithe…
Fire Blanket
A blanket made of specially-treated fabric that is used if cl…
Fire Extinguisher
An active fire protection device used to extinguish small fir…
69 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds
Hydrogen Bonds
Hydrophilic
- Sharing of a pair of valence electrons between atoms... - Two…
Valence electrons are "transferred", positive cation and nega…
Partial positive charge of hydrogen in polar covalent bond at…
Have an affinity (love) for water
Covalent Bonds
- Sharing of a pair of valence electrons between atoms... - Two…
Ionic Bonds
Valence electrons are "transferred", positive cation and nega…
23 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Contractile vacuole
Tonoplast
Nuclear envelope
Vesicles
Pumps out excess water due to osmosis, membranous sac formed…
membrane that encloses plant cells central vacuole, selective…
Encloses nucleus and separates contents from cytoplasm
sacs made of membrane found in cytoplasm, transfers or stores…
Contractile vacuole
Pumps out excess water due to osmosis, membranous sac formed…
Tonoplast
membrane that encloses plant cells central vacuole, selective…
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
100 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
cohesion
adhesion
specific heat
hydrogen bonding
molecules stick together
attraction between different substances
amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of subst…
water's high specific heat is a result of ___
cohesion
molecules stick together
adhesion
attraction between different substances
56 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
45 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
Passed down genes
Natural selection
Speciation by natural selection
Limitations of population size
23 chromosomes per parent. You can't develop traits your body…
the differential success in reproduction among individuals th…
An organism's alleles are subjected to natural selection. Som…
Competition, disease, famine, predators, inability to reprodu…
Passed down genes
23 chromosomes per parent. You can't develop traits your body…
Natural selection
the differential success in reproduction among individuals th…
16 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocab
Adhesion
Cohesion
pH Scale
Condensation Reaction
The force of attraction between water and unlike molecules, o…
Water sticking to itself - only water
This scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. the s…
a chemical reaction in which 2 molecules combine to form a la…
Adhesion
The force of attraction between water and unlike molecules, o…
Cohesion
Water sticking to itself - only water
102 terms
AP Biology Unit 1: Ecology
Ecology
Abiotic Factor
Biotic Factor
Population
The study of the interactions among organisms and between org…
Nonliving factors in the environment
Living factors in the environment
A group of the same species living in the same area
Ecology
The study of the interactions among organisms and between org…
Abiotic Factor
Nonliving factors in the environment
31 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocab
Acid
Adhesion
Atomic Nucleus
Base
A substance that increases the the hydrogen ion concentration…
The clinging of one substance to another, such as water to pl…
An atom's dense central core, containing protons and neutrons.
A substance that reduces the hydrogen ion concentration of th…
Acid
A substance that increases the the hydrogen ion concentration…
Adhesion
The clinging of one substance to another, such as water to pl…
45 terms
AP Bio unit 1 BIOCHEM
Active site
Allosteric site
Catalyst
Active site diagram
Site substrate attaches to on an enzyme
Other location on an enzyme that an inhibitor can bind to
Speeds up chemical reactions without being consumed by the re…
Active site
Site substrate attaches to on an enzyme
Allosteric site
Other location on an enzyme that an inhibitor can bind to
115 terms
AP Biology Unit 1: Evolution
adaptations
natural selection
descent with modification
artificial selection
inherited characteristics of organisms that enhance their sur…
process in which individuals that have certain inherited trai…
Darwin's theory of descent with modification by natural selec…
process by which humans have modified other species over many…
adaptations
inherited characteristics of organisms that enhance their sur…
natural selection
process in which individuals that have certain inherited trai…
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