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Study sets matching "unit 4 ap gov"

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Study sets matching "unit 4 ap gov"

AP Government Unit 4
cloture
committee of the whole
conference committee
congressional caucus
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
a device used in the House of Representatives to expedite the…
committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber…
an association for members of Congress created to advocate a…
cloture
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
committee of the whole
a device used in the House of Representatives to expedite the…
38 terms
AP Government Unit 4
direct mail
campaign contributions
independent expenditures
Federal Election Campaign Act
a method of raising money for a political cause or candidate,…
donations that are made directly to the candidate or a party…
expenses on behalf of a political message that are made by gr…
a law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances, this cr…
direct mail
a method of raising money for a political cause or candidate,…
campaign contributions
donations that are made directly to the candidate or a party…
26 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Due Process of the Law
Freedom of Expression
Clear-and-Present-Danger Test
Free-Exercise Clause
Denies the government the right, without due process, to depr…
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
First Amendment requirement that law cannot prevent free exer…
Due Process of the Law
Denies the government the right, without due process, to depr…
Freedom of Expression
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
39 terms
AP Government Unit 4
bicameral
filibuster
cloture
censure
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
Prevents filibustering (16 signatures) and ends debate in the…
A process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individ…
bicameral
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
filibuster
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
24 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Judicial Review
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury vs Madison
Jurisdiction
Review by a court of law of actions of a government official…
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-co…
A landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Cour…
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
Judicial Review
Review by a court of law of actions of a government official…
Judiciary Act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-co…
16 terms
AP government unit 4
Law making process
Rules committee
Powers of congress
Powers of the Senate and House
How a bill becomes a law
A committee of the House in charge of determining under what…
-Pass laws... -Regulate commerce... -Declare war... -Collect taxes... -Ma…
-Create, pass laws... -Overturn President's veto (2/3 vote)... -Bre…
Law making process
How a bill becomes a law
Rules committee
A committee of the House in charge of determining under what…
28 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
Expressed, Delegated and Enumerated Po…
Implied Powers
Inherent Powers
Centralization
all mean the same thing listed in Article 1 Section 8
come from the elastic clause
are power the government just assumed; not listed
we centralize under resolutions rather than making laws
Expressed, Delegated and Enumerated Po…
all mean the same thing listed in Article 1 Section 8
Implied Powers
come from the elastic clause
26 terms
Unit 4 AP Government Vocabulary
Due process of the law
Freedom of expression
Clear and present danger test
Free exercise clause
Located in the fifth and fourteenth Amendments. Guarantees ri…
Ensured by the first amendment that an citizen holds the righ…
Formula made by the Supreme Court in Schenk v. United States…
Ensured by the first amendment that a citizen holds the right…
Due process of the law
Located in the fifth and fourteenth Amendments. Guarantees ri…
Freedom of expression
Ensured by the first amendment that an citizen holds the righ…
85 terms
AP Government unit 4
two phases of elections
requirements of being president
requirements of being vice president
requirements of legislative- senator
getting nominated, getting elected
natural born, age 35 or greator, resident of the USA for at l…
natural born citizen, older than 35, not a resident of the sa…
us citizen for 9 years, 30 years of age, must be a resident o…
two phases of elections
getting nominated, getting elected
requirements of being president
natural born, age 35 or greator, resident of the USA for at l…
64 terms
AP Government: Unit 4
requirements to be president
22nd amendment
impeachment
how someone is impeached
35 years old, natural born citizen, lived in US for 14 years
limits the president to 2 four year terms
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law
house of representatives has a majority vote, sent to senate…
requirements to be president
35 years old, natural born citizen, lived in US for 14 years
22nd amendment
limits the president to 2 four year terms
29 terms
UNIT 4 AP GOVERNMENT
bill to law process
budget and impoundment control act
Budget Appropriations
Bully Pulpit
1) Introduced by member of Congress (appropriation bills must…
established congressional budget committees and the Congressi…
How much money each agency is given to spend. Amount appropri…
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
bill to law process
1) Introduced by member of Congress (appropriation bills must…
budget and impoundment control act
established congressional budget committees and the Congressi…
26 terms
AP Government: Unit 4
due process of the law
Equal protection of the law
Selective incorporation
Freedom of expression
Denies the government the right without due process to depriv…
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
Court cases that apply the bill of rights to the states
Right of people to speak publish and assemble
due process of the law
Denies the government the right without due process to depriv…
Equal protection of the law
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
34 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Reconstructing Amendments
Barriers to Voting
Case involved a dispute over the legality of Louisiana law re…
The Supreme Court ruled that racially segregated schools viol…
13th Amendment... 14th Amendment... 15th Amendment
Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests, Grandfather Clause, and the White…
Plessy v. Ferguson
Case involved a dispute over the legality of Louisiana law re…
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
The Supreme Court ruled that racially segregated schools viol…
52 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Incumbants
bicameral legislature
House Rules Committee
Filibuster
Those individuals who already hold office. In congressional e…
A legislature divided into two houses. The U.S. Congress and…
The committee in the House of Representatives that reviews mo…
A strategy unique to the Senate whereby opponents of a piece…
Incumbants
Those individuals who already hold office. In congressional e…
bicameral legislature
A legislature divided into two houses. The U.S. Congress and…
26 terms
Unit 4 ap Government
Due process of law
Freedom of expression
Clear-and-present-danger test
Free exercise clause
Denies the government the right, without sure process, ro dep…
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
First amendment requirement that law cannot prevent free exer…
Due process of law
Denies the government the right, without sure process, ro dep…
Freedom of expression
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
10 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Federalist
Natural Law
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
A group that supported strong central government
Natures law that defines right from wrong and is higher than…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Allows each of the three branches of government to check some…
Federalist
A group that supported strong central government
Natural Law
Natures law that defines right from wrong and is higher than…
50 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Unit 4 - 1... bicameral
Unit 4 - 2... apportionment
Unit 4 - 3... reapportionment
Unit 4 - 4... congressional districting
a government that has 2 branches (Merriam-Webster)
distribution among the states based on the population of each…
the redistribution of Congressional seats after the census de…
the drawing by state legislatures of congressional districts…
Unit 4 - 1... bicameral
a government that has 2 branches (Merriam-Webster)
Unit 4 - 2... apportionment
distribution among the states based on the population of each…
15 terms
AP GOVERNMENT UNIT 4
Social capital
Political culture
Natural rights
Democratic consensus
Democratic and civic habits of discussion compromise and resp…
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the r…
The rights of people to dignity and worth; also called human…
Widespread agreement of fundamental principles of democratic…
Social capital
Democratic and civic habits of discussion compromise and resp…
Political culture
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the r…
10 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
Bipartisanship
Budget deficit
Deficit spending
Deregulation
Support from both parties for policy; example: foreign policy
Results when federal expenditures exceed federal revenues for…
The federal government's practice of spending more money than…
Elimination of federal regulations on private companies
Bipartisanship
Support from both parties for policy; example: foreign policy
Budget deficit
Results when federal expenditures exceed federal revenues for…
110 terms
AP Government Unit 4
War power acts of 1973
Imperial presidency
National emergencies act of 1976
Foreign intelligence surveillance act
Limits the President's power to send troops to battle without…
Term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts wi…
(ww2) gave president power to declare martial law and take ov…
an act passed by Congress in 1978 to establish procedures for…
War power acts of 1973
Limits the President's power to send troops to battle without…
Imperial presidency
Term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts wi…
38 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Demographics
census
melting pot
minority majority
the science of population and its changes
an "actual enumeration" of the population, which the Constitu…
a term often used to characterize the US, with its history of…
the situation, likely beginning in the mid-twenty first centu…
Demographics
the science of population and its changes
census
an "actual enumeration" of the population, which the Constitu…
43 terms
AP Government Unit 4
an alliance between Republicans and co…
The minimum number of members who must…
name given to a permanent committee
type of committee that is appointed fo…
Conservative Coalition
quorum
standing committee
select committee
an alliance between Republicans and co…
Conservative Coalition
The minimum number of members who must…
quorum
54 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Formal Powers
Bicameral/Bicameralism
Enumerated Powers
Expressed Powers
General term for any power that is specifically granted in th…
Two chambers/houses of Congress.
A list of terms found in Article 1, Section 8 of the US Const…
Powers specifically listed in the Constitution.
Formal Powers
General term for any power that is specifically granted in th…
Bicameral/Bicameralism
Two chambers/houses of Congress.
180 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Constitutional Requirements for House
Constitutional Requirements for Senate
How many representatives are there?
How many senators are there?
Age 25, citizen for 7 years
Age 30, citizen for 9 years
435
100
Constitutional Requirements for House
Age 25, citizen for 7 years
Constitutional Requirements for Senate
Age 30, citizen for 9 years
80 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
linkage institution
backbenchers
brand names
caucus (congressional)
a structure within a society that connects the people to the…
legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their…
the use of party names to evoke certain positions on issues
the organization of Democrats within the House and Senate tha…
linkage institution
a structure within a society that connects the people to the…
backbenchers
legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their…
81 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
Chapter 13
In the typical public opinion poll,
Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constit…
A person becomes a candidate for repre…
...
Congress is the least popular branch of government
the power to veto bills
running in a primary election
Chapter 13
...
In the typical public opinion poll,
Congress is the least popular branch of government
34 terms
Mercyb AP Government Unit 4
Lobbying
Litigation
Revolving Door
Interest Group
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials,…
the process of carrying on a lawsuit
A term describing the movement of individuals from government…
a group of people with common goals who organize to influence…
Lobbying
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials,…
Litigation
the process of carrying on a lawsuit
82 terms
AP Government: Unit 4 Key Terms
judicial review
adversary system
justiciable dispute
class action suit
The power to authoritively interpret the Constitution
A judicial system in which a court of law is a neutral arena…
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
Lawsuit brought by an individual or a gorup of people on beha…
judicial review
The power to authoritively interpret the Constitution
adversary system
A judicial system in which a court of law is a neutral arena…
150 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Bicameral legislature
Bill
Concurrent resolution
Congress
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
A formally proposed law in the House or Senate.
A resolution adopted by both houses of a bicameral legislatur…
Term referring to both the Senate and House of Representative…
Bicameral legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Bill
A formally proposed law in the House or Senate.
108 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
bicameral legislature
filibuster
pigeon-hole
cloture
lawmaking body made of two chambers or parts
an attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
intentionally ignoring a bill in the House of Representatives
if at least 2/3 of Senate present, 3/5 vote can kill and bill…
bicameral legislature
lawmaking body made of two chambers or parts
filibuster
an attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
64 terms
Unit 4 AP Government Vocab Words
Whip
Coalition
Congressional Caucus
Bicameral
A Senator or Representative who helps the party leader stay i…
A combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
An association or members of Congress based on party, interes…
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Whip
A Senator or Representative who helps the party leader stay i…
Coalition
A combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
121 terms
Unit 4: Springbrook AP Government 2015
Budget Reform Act,1974
Bipartisan
Bicarmeral Legislature
Authorization
Law that describes the process by which the budget is develop…
When both parties agree on a policy. Both sides agree
2 branches: senate (100) and house of representatives (435)
permission to begin or continue a gov program or agency
Budget Reform Act,1974
Law that describes the process by which the budget is develop…
Bipartisan
When both parties agree on a policy. Both sides agree
95 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Bicameral Legislative
Apportionment
Bill
Impeachment
A 2-house legislative
The process of allowing congressional seats to each state fol…
A proposed law.
The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Co…
Bicameral Legislative
A 2-house legislative
Apportionment
The process of allowing congressional seats to each state fol…
47 terms
AP Government Unit 4: Congress
Reapportionment
Redistricting
Malapportionment
Gerrymandering
The redistribution of congressional seats among the states am…
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district…
drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they…
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a p…
Reapportionment
The redistribution of congressional seats among the states am…
Redistricting
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district…
57 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Nomination
Campaign Strategy
Why not run for President?
Which is harder, nomination game or ge…
A party's official endorsement of a candidate for office
The way in which candidates attempt to manipulate money, medi…
Campaigns have become physically and emotionally taxing. Runn…
Nomination game. Candidates must run in all 50 states to win…
Nomination
A party's official endorsement of a candidate for office
Campaign Strategy
The way in which candidates attempt to manipulate money, medi…
35 terms
Unit 4 Vocabulary (AP Government)
affirmative action
amicus curiae breif
appellate jurisdiction
civil law
Remedial action designed to overcome the effects of discrimin…
Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individ…
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
affirmative action
Remedial action designed to overcome the effects of discrimin…
amicus curiae breif
Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individ…
56 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
Standing to Sue
Class Action Suits
Justiciable Disputes
Amicus Curiae Briefs
The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Lawsuits that let a small group sue on behalf of others with…
A requirement that a case must be capable of being settled by…
Legal briefs submitted by a "Friend of the Court" to provide…
Standing to Sue
The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Class Action Suits
Lawsuits that let a small group sue on behalf of others with…
15 terms
AP Government - Unit 4 - President
Veto
Pocket Veto
Line-Item Veto
Executive Agreement vs. Executive Order
to reject or prohibit actions and laws of other government of…
If the president refuses to sign the bill and Congress adjour…
Vetoing individual lines or items within a piece of legislati…
A pact between the President and the head of a foreign state…
Veto
to reject or prohibit actions and laws of other government of…
Pocket Veto
If the president refuses to sign the bill and Congress adjour…
44 terms
AP Government Unit 4
What is the definition of a political…
Why are US political parties more dece…
What is the significance of a primary?…
How did the founding fathers view poli…
...
...
...
...
What is the definition of a political…
...
Why are US political parties more dece…
...
41 terms
Unit 4 AP American Government
benefit
client politics
cost
entrepreneurial politics
A satisfaction that people believe they will enjoy if a polic…
a policy in which one small group benefits and almost everyon…
a burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
A policy in which almost everybody benefits and a small group…
benefit
A satisfaction that people believe they will enjoy if a polic…
client politics
a policy in which one small group benefits and almost everyon…
45 terms
Unit 4: AP Government Terms
527s
"American Plan"
Bipartisan Campaign Reform
Blanket primaries
name after a section of the U.S tax code, tax-exempt organiza…
Primaries start in small states and move on to larger ones
A law passed in 2002 that banned soft money, put limits on is…
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidate…
527s
name after a section of the U.S tax code, tax-exempt organiza…
"American Plan"
Primaries start in small states and move on to larger ones
180 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Constitutional Requirements for House
Constitutional Requirements for Senate
How many representatives are there?
How many senators are there?
Age 25, citizen for 7 years
Age 30, citizen for 9 years
435
100
Constitutional Requirements for House
Age 25, citizen for 7 years
Constitutional Requirements for Senate
Age 30, citizen for 9 years
39 terms
AP Government Unit 4
bicameral
filibuster
cloture
censure
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
Prevents filibustering (16 signatures) and ends debate in the…
A process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individ…
bicameral
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
filibuster
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
40 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Terms
Bicameralism
Decentralization
Constituency Service
Casework
The principle of a two-house legislature
Degree to which decision-making authority is given to lower l…
The assistance given to constituents by members of Congress i…
Intermediary work performed by members of Congress for consti…
Bicameralism
The principle of a two-house legislature
Decentralization
Degree to which decision-making authority is given to lower l…
80 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
linkage institution
backbenchers
brand names
caucus (congressional)
a structure within a society that connects the people to the…
legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their…
the use of party names to evoke certain positions on issues
the organization of Democrats within the House and Senate tha…
linkage institution
a structure within a society that connects the people to the…
backbenchers
legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their…
20 terms
AP Government unit 4 terms
Amicus Curiae
Appellate Jurisdiction
Burger Court
Concurring Opinion
Literally, a friend of the court brief, filed by an individua…
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
Supreme Court of the United States between 1969 and 1986 (del…
An opinion tat agrees with the majority in a Supreme Court ru…
Amicus Curiae
Literally, a friend of the court brief, filed by an individua…
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
33 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Nomination
Campaign Strategy
National Party Convention
Caucus
official endorsement of a candidate for office by a political…
master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electoral…
supreme power within each of the parties; the convention meet…
meeting of all state party leaders for selecting delegates to…
Nomination
official endorsement of a candidate for office by a political…
Campaign Strategy
master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electoral…
34 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Test
incumbents
casework
pork barrel
bicameral legislature
those already holding office, usually win congressional elect…
activities of members of Congress that help voters as individ…
federal projects, grants, and contracts available to state an…
legislature divided into 2 houses
incumbents
those already holding office, usually win congressional elect…
casework
activities of members of Congress that help voters as individ…
64 terms
AP Government Unit 4
civil liberties
civil rights
1st amendment
establishment clause
our basic rights and freedoms that cannot be taken away... liste…
protecting and providing equality related to our rights and f…
religion, speech, press, petition, assembly
establishes what the government cannot do: create own religio…
civil liberties
our basic rights and freedoms that cannot be taken away... liste…
civil rights
protecting and providing equality related to our rights and f…
49 terms
Ap Government Unit 4
Casework
Cloture
Conference Committee
Filibuster
Personal work by a member of Congress on behalf of constituen…
A procedural move in which a supermajority of 60 senators agr…
A bicameral, bipartisan committee composed of legislators who…
A procedural move by a member of the Senate to attempt to hol…
Casework
Personal work by a member of Congress on behalf of constituen…
Cloture
A procedural move in which a supermajority of 60 senators agr…
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